CN105927252B - It is a kind of to excavate big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system using rectangular top pipe - Google Patents

It is a kind of to excavate big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system using rectangular top pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105927252B
CN105927252B CN201610413824.0A CN201610413824A CN105927252B CN 105927252 B CN105927252 B CN 105927252B CN 201610413824 A CN201610413824 A CN 201610413824A CN 105927252 B CN105927252 B CN 105927252B
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China
Prior art keywords
permanent
pipe
tube coupling
rectangular
jacking
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CN201610413824.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105927252A (en
Inventor
张俊岱
吕剑英
倪伟伟
黄伟
张总纲
张虎
朱勇士
张超东
严清
严一清
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中铁隧道勘测设计院有限公司
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Publication of CN105927252A publication Critical patent/CN105927252A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D13/00Large underground chambers; Methods or apparatus for making them

Abstract

The invention belongs to underground engineering fields more particularly to a kind of utilization rectangular top pipe to excavate big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system, which is characterized in that include the following steps:Track clearance and architectural composition are drafted, permanent structure system is designed;Permanent structure system is split, rectangular top pipe section is drafted;Jacking pipe structure system is designed to permanent structure system transform;Tube coupling detail structure, active well and design of construction procedure;Perform active well;Push pipe jacking construction;Carry out system transform of the jacking pipe structure to permanent structure;Accessory structure, equipment installation and finishing, construction is performed to complete.This invention ensures that under the conditions of shallow earthing tunneling underground large space mechanical execution feasibility, key technology support is provided to develop the construction of underground large space using light section rectangular top pipe, the application to rectangular top tube method in underground engineering field will play strong facilitation;Method provided by the invention is not limited by project scale, has wide applicability.

Description

It is a kind of to excavate big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system using rectangular top pipe

Technical field

The invention belongs to underground engineering field more particularly to it is a kind of using light section rectangular top pipe carry out underground large space apply The Program for structural Transformation method of work.

Background technology

Documents and materials show that rectangular top pipe has section as a kind of tunneling mechanical execution method suitable for shallow earthing The characteristics of utilization rate is high, speed of application is fast, safe and reliable, economical rationality.It quickly grows in recent years, in city planting ductwork, mistake It is widely applied in the engineerings such as street channel, municipal tunnel.With the development of the city, increasingly to the requirement of underground space development Height, not only demand constantly increases on exploitation scale, while influence traffic, production, the life for requiring underground space development few as possible Living and reduction is removed, and taking the continuous mode for increasing push pipe section, not only technically difficulty can be increasing, speed of application, peace Full property and economy also can be lower and lower, lose the competitiveness of rectangular top pipe technology.Therefore, it is necessary to study go out a kind of new apply Work method carries out big cross section underground space construction using light section rectangular top pipe, solves the above problems.

Invention content

In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of big cross section underground is carried out using light section rectangular top pipe The Program for structural Transformation method of space construction, by the way that " dismounting movable part-is established permanent structure system-and torn open inside small push pipe Except inner tube section structure " mode recycle carry out Program for structural Transformation, the method for realizing big cross section underground space construction.

The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:

It is a kind of using rectangular top pipe excavate big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system, which is characterized in that including with Lower step:

(1)It requires to draft track clearance and architectural composition according to underground space layout and building function, designs permanent structure System;

(2)Segmentation is designed to permanent structure system, drafts rectangular top pipe section;

(3)Jacking pipe structure system is designed to permanent structure system transform;

(4)Tube coupling detail structure, active well and design of construction procedure;

(5)Perform active well;

(6)Push pipe jacking construction;

(7)Carry out system transform of the jacking pipe structure to permanent structure;

(8)Accessory structure, equipment installation and finishing, construction is performed to complete.

The step(2)In, multiple tube coupling units are divided into permanent structure system, the tube coupling unit seaming position is kept away Permanent structure system central sill, center pillar are opened, plate, mid-board in permanent structure system are extended vertically through.

The step(3)It is provided with connecting groove on tube coupling connector standard component in the jacking pipe joints of middle use or connects The jointing of head, the jacking pipe joints is set in the connecting groove of adjacent jacking pipe joints, thus by adjacent jacking pipe joints It links together.

The connecting groove is horizontal direction connecting groove or vertical connecting groove, and the jointing is that horizontal direction connects Head or vertical jointing.

Beneficial effects of the present invention are:

1, zero spacing arrangement and method for construction of rectangular top pipe proposed by the present invention and Program for structural Transformation method, ensure that shallow earthing is dark The feasibility for digging underground large space mechanical execution provides crucial skill to excavate the construction of underground large space using light section rectangular top pipe Art supports that the application to rectangular top tube method in underground engineering field will play strong facilitation;

2, method provided by the invention is not limited by project scale, and adjustment push pipe arrangement can be used to realize different scales Underground Space Excavation has wide applicability;

3, small on traffic, production, life influence during underground space development, removal is effectively reduced, in the construction process Technical difficulty is smaller, and speed of application is fast, and safety and economy are high, substantially increase the technological competitiveness of rectangular top pipe;

4, the present invention is a kind of construction method that underground engineering field excavates large space using light section rectangular top pipe, can be answered For in the underground engineering constructions such as municipal tunnel, underground pedestrian passageway, basement, subterranean commercial area, piping lane, being particularly suitable for handing over Lead to busy section, it is neighbouring or under wear architecture construction.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the permanent structure system schematic diagram drafted according to basement track clearance in the embodiment of the present invention 1;

Fig. 2 is that permanent structure system divides schematic diagram by the design of push pipe unit in the embodiment of the present invention 1;

Fig. 3 is jacking pipe joints structure profile diagram in the present invention;

Fig. 4 is jacking pipe structure system schematic diagram after tube coupling jacking in the embodiment of the present invention 1 in place;

Fig. 5 is that local movement component schematic diagram is removed in the embodiment of the present invention 1;

Fig. 6 is to perform permanent structure system floor map in the embodiment of the present invention 1;

Fig. 7 is to perform permanent structure system sectional schematic diagram in the embodiment of the present invention 1;

Fig. 8 is the basement space schematic diagram after Program for structural Transformation in the embodiment of the present invention 1.

Fig. 9 is the permanent structure system schematic diagram drafted according to municipal tunnel track clearance in the embodiment of the present invention 2;

Figure 10 is that permanent structure system divides schematic diagram by the design of push pipe unit in the embodiment of the present invention 2;

Figure 11 is the municipal tunnel space schematic diagram after Program for structural Transformation in the embodiment of the present invention 2.

Figure 12 is the permanent structure system signal that Commercial Complex track clearance is drafted under base area in the embodiment of the present invention 3 Figure;

Figure 13 is that permanent structure system divides schematic diagram by the design of push pipe unit in the embodiment of the present invention 3;

Figure 14 is the underground commerce synthesis space schematic diagram after Program for structural Transformation in the embodiment of the present invention 3.

Specific implementation mode

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:

In figure:1. track clearance, 2. permanent structure bottom plates, 3. permanent structure bottom girders, 4. permanent structure center pillars, 5. permanent knots Plate in structure, 6. permanent structure central sills, 7. permanent structure top plates, 8. permanent structure top beams, 9. terraces and finishing layer, 10. push pipe pipes Save unit, 11. tube coupling Vierendeel girders, 12. tube coupling movable parts, 13. joints of segment, 14. tube coupling connector standard components, 15. horizontal directions Connecting groove, 16. horizontal direction jointings, 17. vertical connecting grooves, 18. vertical jointings, 19. sliding rails, 20. intervals Wall, 21. side walls, 22. pavement structures.

Embodiment 1:

The present invention coordinates rectangular top pipe construction to use, and as shown in Figures 1 to 8, selects two layers of multispan basement structure Signal is illustrated for system:

(1)It requires to draft track clearance and architectural composition according to basement space layout and building function, designs permanent knot Structure system:It requires to draft track clearance 1 according to underground space layout and building function first, it is design permanent structure bottom plate 2, permanent Plate 5, permanent structure central sill 6, permanent structure top plate 7, permanent structure top in structure bottom girder 3, permanent structure center pillar 4, permanent structure Beam 8, terrace and finishing layer 9;

(2)Segmentation is designed to the section of permanent structure system, drafts rectangular top pipe section;

(3)Jacking pipe structure system is designed to permanent structure system transform:According to the structure section drafted, jacking pipe joints are carried out Unit 10 divides, design jacking pipe joints tube coupling Vierendeel girder 11, tube coupling movable part 12, joints of segment 13, tube coupling connector standard component 14, horizontal direction connecting groove 15, horizontal direction jointing 16, vertical connecting groove 17, vertical jointing 18, sliding rail 19 etc., Each position tube coupling is assembled according to tube coupling working procedure, intermediate tube coupling detail structure is completely the same, and surrounding tube coupling adjusts as needed Horizontal direction connecting groove 15, horizontal direction jointing 16, vertical connecting groove 17, vertical connection in tube coupling connector standard component 14 Connector 18, sliding rail 19 etc.;Wherein, tube coupling connector standard component 14 uses the tube coupling connector standard component 14 of triangle, jacking pipe joints Horizontal direction jointing 16 is set in the horizontal direction connecting groove 15 of jacking pipe joints adjacent thereto, the vertical connection of jacking pipe joints Connector 18 is set in the vertical connecting groove 17 of jacking pipe joints adjacent thereto, to which adjacent jacking pipe joints are connected to one It rises;

(4)Tube coupling detail structure, active well and process step design:Upper pipe working well is performed, using from bottom to top, from left to right Or push pipe jacking construction is carried out from right-to-left, from intermediate to the sequence on both sides, per pass push pipe is longitudinally using bolt, prestress steel twist Line or other modes are connected firmly;

(5)Jacking construction:After push pipe is in place, removes the tube coupling in corresponding permanent structure center pillar 4, permanent structure at plate 5 and live Dynamic component 12, performs successively from bottom to top in permanent structure bottom plate 2, permanent structure bottom girder 3, permanent structure center pillar 4, permanent structure Plate 5, permanent structure central sill 6, permanent structure top plate 7, permanent structure top beam 8 etc.;

(6)Program for structural Transformation:After permanent structure system reaches design strength, the tube coupling in permanent structure system is removed Vierendeel girder 11, tube coupling movable part 12, tube coupling connector standard component 14 etc.;During carrying out Program for structural Transformation, removes tube coupling and live After dynamic component 12, the temporary structure system of jacking pipe joints composition can undertake whole Water And Earth Pressures and overcharge on ground;Permanent structure After system reaches design strength, the stress that jacking pipe structure only changes permanent structure system is removed, does not influence permanent structure body System's safety;

(7)Accessory structure is constructed, equipment installation, performs terrace and finishing layer 9, construction are completed.

Embodiment 2:

The present invention coordinates rectangular top pipe construction to use, and as shown in Figures 9 to 11, selects municipal single layer two across tunnel knot Signal is further illustrated for structure system:

(1)Clearance of tunnel is drafted according to road Cross Section and Clearance requirement, designs permanent structure system:Basis first Road Cross Section and Clearance requirement draft track clearance 1, design wall 20, permanent structure side in permanent structure bottom plate 2, permanent structure Wall 21, permanent structure top plate 7, terrace and finishing layer 9;

(2)Segmentation is designed to the section of permanent structure system, drafts rectangular top pipe section;

Step(3)~(6)With embodiment 1, Program for structural Transformation design is carried out;Tube coupling detail structure, active well and process Design;Jacking construction;Program for structural Transformation;

(7)Accessory structure is constructed, equipment installation, performs pavement structure 22, and construction is completed.

Embodiment 3:

The present invention coordinates rectangular top pipe construction to use, as shown in Figure 12 to Figure 14, optionally lower four layers of multispan business Signal is further illustrated for synthesis structural system:

(1)It requires to draft track clearance and architectural composition according to underground space layout and building function, designs permanent structure System:It is required to draft track clearance 1, design permanent structure bottom plate 2, permanent knot according to underground space layout and building function first Plate 5, permanent structure central sill 6, permanent structure top plate 7, permanent structure top beam in structure bottom girder 3, permanent structure center pillar 4, permanent structure 8, terrace and finishing layer 9;

(2)Segmentation is designed to the section of permanent structure system, drafts rectangular top pipe section;

Step(3)~(6)With embodiment 1, Program for structural Transformation design is carried out;Tube coupling detail structure, active well and process Design;Jacking construction;Program for structural Transformation;

(7)Accessory structure is constructed, equipment installation, performs terrace and finishing layer 9, construction are completed.

The present invention carries out jacking construction using the multiple rows of zero spacing rectangular top pipe of multiple tracks by set sequence, realizes that the underground space is opened The preliminary retaining structure of hair, then by " removing movable part-and establishing permanent structure system-dismounting structure inside small push pipe The method cycle of inner tube section structure " carries out Program for structural Transformation, forms the underground structure of set function.For single ground The underground engineerings such as lower channel, city tunnel, parking lot, subterranean commercial area, underground traffic Commercial Complex, can be according to building work( Corresponding jacking pipe joints structure can be designed and transformed permanent structure converting system is realized.

Zero spacing arrangement and method for construction of rectangular top pipe proposed by the present invention and Program for structural Transformation method, ensure that shallow earthing tunneling The feasibility of underground large space mechanical execution provides key technology to develop the construction of underground large space using light section rectangular top pipe It supports, the application to rectangular top tube method in underground engineering field will play strong facilitation;Method provided by the invention It is not limited by project scale, there is wide applicability.

It is innovative on the tube coupling connector standard component of triangle in the jacking pipe joints used in 1-3 of the embodiment of the present invention Connecting groove or jointing are devised, the connecting groove of adjacent jacking pipe joints is set to by the jointing of jacking pipe joints Interior, to which adjacent jacking pipe joints link together, after permanent structure system transform, the integral component for removing recycling is repeatable It utilizes;In addition, what is proposed in the present invention is a kind of using rectangular top pipe excavation big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system, it is right It is equally applicable in existing design connecting groove, the jacking pipe joints of jointing not on tube coupling connector standard component.

3 embodiments of the present invention are described in detail above, but the content is only the preferable implementation of the present invention Example should not be construed as limiting the practical range of the present invention.It is all according to all the changes and improvements made by the present patent application range Deng should all still fall within the scope of the patent of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of excavating big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system using rectangular top pipe, which is characterized in that including following Step:
(1)It requires to draft track clearance and architectural composition according to underground space layout and building function, designs permanent structure system;
(2)Permanent structure system is split, rectangular top pipe section is drafted;
(3)Jacking pipe structure system is designed to permanent structure system transform;According to the structure section drafted, jacking pipe joints unit is carried out It divides, design jacking pipe joints tube coupling Vierendeel girder, tube coupling movable part, joints of segment, tube coupling connector standard component, horizontal direction connection are recessed Slot, horizontal direction jointing, vertical connecting groove, vertical jointing, sliding rail;
(4)Tube coupling detail structure, active well and design of construction procedure;
(5)Perform active well;
(6)Push pipe jacking construction;After push pipe is in place, the tube coupling activity at plate in corresponding permanent structure center pillar, permanent structure is removed Component performs plate in permanent structure bottom plate, permanent structure bottom girder, permanent structure center pillar, permanent structure, permanent successively from bottom to top Structure central sill, permanent structure top plate and permanent structure top beam;
(7)Carry out system transform of the jacking pipe structure to permanent structure;After permanent structure system reaches design strength, remove permanent Tube coupling Vierendeel girder, tube coupling movable part in structural system and tube coupling connector standard component;
(8)Accessory structure, equipment installation and finishing, construction is performed to complete;
The step(2)In, multiple tube coupling units are divided into permanent structure system, tube coupling unit seaming position is avoided permanently tying Structure system central sill, center pillar extend vertically through plate, mid-board in permanent structure system.
2. a kind of utilization rectangular top pipe according to claim 1 excavates big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system, It is characterized in that:During carrying out Program for structural Transformation, after removing tube coupling movable part, the temporary structure of jacking pipe joints composition System can undertake whole Water And Earth Pressures and overcharge on ground;After permanent structure system reaches design strength, removes jacking pipe structure and only change The stress for becoming permanent structure system does not influence permanent structure system safety.
3. a kind of utilization rectangular top pipe according to claim 1 excavates big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system, It is characterized in that:It is made of tube coupling Vierendeel girder, tube coupling movable part, tube coupling connector standard component, sliding rail etc., permanent structure system turns After changing, the repeatable utilization of integral component of recycling is removed.
CN201610413824.0A 2016-06-14 2016-06-14 It is a kind of to excavate big cross section underground space structure transforming methods of structural system using rectangular top pipe CN105927252B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109184703B (en) * 2018-09-26 2020-04-21 上海市城市建设设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 Arrangement method of overlapped pipe-jacking deep and large working well manufactured after structure

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CN1800514A (en) * 2005-12-13 2006-07-12 上海市第二市政工程有限公司 Big section pipe roof- box culvert jacking construction method
CN104265321A (en) * 2014-08-06 2015-01-07 上海隧道工程有限公司 Ultra-large full-face rectangular pipe jacking tunneling construction method
CN204457792U (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-07-08 北京市政建设集团有限责任公司 A kind ofly dig large diameter shield tunnel with many pilot tunnel methods and the subway station of building
CN104879144A (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-09-02 上海市城市建设设计研究总院 Underground excavation construction method for building underground space by array jacking pipes in soft soil area
CN105370287A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-03-02 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Mechanical underground excavation construction method for large underground parking lot
CN105370300A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-03-02 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Two-layer or multi-layer underground space construction method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001214699A (en) * 2000-02-04 2001-08-10 Taisei Corp Construction method of large cross sectional tunnel
CN1800514A (en) * 2005-12-13 2006-07-12 上海市第二市政工程有限公司 Big section pipe roof- box culvert jacking construction method
CN104265321A (en) * 2014-08-06 2015-01-07 上海隧道工程有限公司 Ultra-large full-face rectangular pipe jacking tunneling construction method
CN204457792U (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-07-08 北京市政建设集团有限责任公司 A kind ofly dig large diameter shield tunnel with many pilot tunnel methods and the subway station of building
CN104879144A (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-09-02 上海市城市建设设计研究总院 Underground excavation construction method for building underground space by array jacking pipes in soft soil area
CN105370287A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-03-02 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Mechanical underground excavation construction method for large underground parking lot
CN105370300A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-03-02 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Two-layer or multi-layer underground space construction method

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