CN105924229B - The glaze of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles, brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

The glaze of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles, brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN105924229B
CN105924229B CN201610261752.2A CN201610261752A CN105924229B CN 105924229 B CN105924229 B CN 105924229B CN 201610261752 A CN201610261752 A CN 201610261752A CN 105924229 B CN105924229 B CN 105924229B
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parts
glaze
frit
pearl
powder
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CN201610261752.2A
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CN105924229A (en
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梁桐灿
余国明
欧家瑞
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广东宏宇新型材料有限公司
广东宏海陶瓷实业发展有限公司
广东宏陶陶瓷有限公司
广东宏威陶瓷实业有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/009After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone characterised by the material treated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • C03C8/04Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form containing zinc
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • C03C8/10Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form containing lead
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • C03C8/20Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions containing titanium compounds; containing zirconium compounds
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance
    • C04B2235/963Surface properties, e.g. surface roughness
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The glaze of the thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles of the present invention,Brick and preparation method thereof,On the basis of not making great change to the production technology of existing glazed tile,To the preferred of biscuit body type,Ground-coat enamel,Overglaze,Pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze and the composition for boring sand glaze grain frit,In overglaze different performance frit preferably and proportioning,The formula composition of ground-coat enamel,The formula composition of overglaze,The formula composition of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze,Bore the preferred of sand glaze granularity,Bore the formula composition of sand glaze grain,The adjustment and optimization of glazing process parameter and printing technology,Make the glaze brick product of preparation,Under light or skew ray irradiation,Surface is simultaneously emitted by such as broken brill sand shape twinkLing stars light and the tempting radiance of pearl gemstone sparkle,And it is imprinted on the pattern color on pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze,In the case where boring the double action of reflection and refraction of sand glaze grain and pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze,Varying color effect can occur with the difference of light angle,Seemingly a grain pearl cameo incrustation is on brick face,Visual effect is very unique.

Description

The glaze of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles, brick and preparation method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the preparing technical fields of glazed tile, the more particularly, to glaze of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles and preparation side Method and thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles and preparation method.
Background technology:
Glazed tile is a major class in Ceramic Tiles family, since it is excellent with rich in color, molding surface changeableization etc. Gesture makes it serve as particularly important role in the home decoration.In recent years, as inkjet printing technology is on ceramic decoration Using accelerating the update of glazed tile incrustation pattern, and design more convenient, but it is confined to single plane pattern Decoration.With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, the ornament materials to household tends to dicoration from original practicability And artistry, therefore it is difficult to meet the needs of market using the glaze brick product that single inkjet printing technology is developed.
Invention content:
It is an object of the invention to overcome disadvantages mentioned above, glaze, brick of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles and preparation method thereof are provided, On the basis of not making great change to the production technology of existing glazed tile, emphasis is to the preferred of biscuit body type, ground-coat enamel, face Glaze, pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze and preferred and proportioning, the ground-coat enamel that bore different performance frit in the composition of sand glaze grain slurry frit, overglaze Formula composition, the formula composition of overglaze, the formula composition of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze, bore sand glaze grain granularity it is preferred, bore sand glaze The adjustment and optimization of the formula composition, glazing process parameter and printing technology of grain slurry, to make brill sand glaze grain and the pearl of preparation It is tempting that illusion-colour screen printing glaze appearance such as broken brill sand shape twinkLing stars light and pearl jewel under light or skew ray irradiation send out glittering Radiance, and pattern color of the spray printing on pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze, in reflection and the folding for boring sand glaze grain and pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze It penetrates under double action, special color changeable effect occurs as becoming coloured paper, seemingly a grain pearl cameo incrustation is on brick face.The skill Art breaches traditional decoration theory, and visual effect is very unique, to make product have unique decorative and artistry;Simultaneously The technology has stronger universality, is easy in industry promote.
To solve the above problems, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
The present invention relates to a kind of glaze being used to prepare thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles comprising ground-coat enamel, overglaze, the printing of pearl illusion-colour Glaze and brill sand glaze grain slurry;
Ground-coat enamel:It is configured by following parts by weight of component:
12~22 parts of frit a, 26~32 parts of lithium porcelain stone powder, 2~8 parts of alumina powder, 5~11 parts of talcum, zirconium silicate 4 are burnt ~10 parts, 22~28 parts of silica flour, 13~21 parts of kaolin, 0.07~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.3~ 0.8 part and 37~45 parts of water;
Overglaze:It is configured by following parts by weight of component:
40~50 parts of frit a, 5~15 parts of frit b, 5~9 parts of zirconium silicate, 15~25 parts of kaolin, feldspar powder 6~12 Part, 4~8 parts of alumina powder, 0.06~0.09 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.3~0.8 part of sodium tripolyphosphate and water 37~45 Part;
Pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze:It is configured by following parts by weight of component:
95~99 parts of frit c, 0.5~3.5 part of zinc oxide, 0.5~1.5 part of cerium oxide and ceramic glue roller squeegee oil 80~ 160 parts;
Bore sand glaze grain slurry:It is configured by following parts by weight of component:
30~40 parts of frit d grains and ceramic 60~70 parts of glue roller squeegee oil;
Wherein the frit a is configured by following parts by weight of component:
8~14 parts of feldspar powder, 23~29 parts of calcium carbonate, 6~10 parts of zirconium English powder, 7~13 parts of zinc oxide, talcum powder 8~12 Part, 2~6 parts of titanium dioxide, 3~5 parts of potassium carbonate, 30~40 parts of silica flour;
Wherein the frit b is configured by following parts by weight of component:
16~24 parts of feldspar powder, 11~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 4~8 parts of boric acid, 3~7 parts of talcum powder, 11~17 parts of zirconium English powder, 8~12 parts of zinc oxide, 1~3 part of potassium carbonate, 2~6 parts of borax, 20~28 parts of silica flour;
Wherein the frit c is configured by following parts by weight of component:
30~38 parts of feldspar powder, 15~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 1~3 part of boric acid, 0.5~2.5 part of potassium nitrate, spodumene powder 1~ 3 parts, 0.5~2.5 part of barium carbonate, 2~6 parts of zinc oxide, 0.5~4.5 part of red lead powder, 28~36 parts of silica flour;
Wherein frit d is configured by following parts by weight of component:
12~20 parts of feldspar powder, 10~16 parts of calcium carbonate, 8~12 parts of boric acid, 12~18 parts of zirconium English powder, potassium nitrate 3~5 Part, 8~12 parts of zinc oxide, 3~5 parts of titanium dioxide, 26~34 parts of silica flour.
The invention further relates to a kind of preparation methods for the glaze being used to prepare thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles comprising following steps:
A, the preparation of ground-coat enamel, prepares by weight:
By 12~22 parts of frit a, 26~32 parts of lithium porcelain stone powder, 2~8 parts of alumina powder, burn 5~11 parts of talcum, zirconium silicate 4~10 parts, 22~28 parts of silica flour, 13~21 parts of kaolin, 0.07~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.3 It is that 325 mesh sieves tails over as mass percent 0.2%~0.4% that~0.8 part and 37~45 parts of water, which are mixed together and wear into fineness, Glaze slip, cross screen out iron up to ground-coat enamel;
B, the preparation of overglaze, prepares by weight:
By 40~50 parts of frit a, 5~15 parts of frit b, 5~9 parts of zirconium silicate, 15~25 parts of kaolin, feldspar powder 6~ 12 parts, 4~8 parts of alumina powder, 0.06~0.09 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.3~0.8 part of sodium tripolyphosphate and water 37~45 It is that 325 mesh sieve tails over as the glaze slip of mass percent 0.25%~0.55% that part, which is mixed together and wears into fineness, crosses and screens out iron i.e. Obtain overglaze;
Frit a during wherein prepared by ground-coat enamel and overglaze is prepared by following parts by weight of component:
By 8~14 parts of feldspar powder, 23~29 parts of calcium carbonate, 6~10 parts of zirconium English powder, 7~13 parts of zinc oxide, talcum powder 8~ 12 parts, 2~6 parts of titanium dioxide, 3~5 parts of potassium carbonate, 30~40 parts of silica flour, carry out dispensing mixing, in Cinker clew furnace be melted, melt 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of temperature processed, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit a;
Frit b therein is prepared by following parts by weight by following parts by weight of component:
By 16~24 parts of feldspar powder, 11~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 4~8 parts of boric acid, 3~7 parts of talcum powder, zirconium English powder 11~17 20~28 parts of part, 8~12 parts of zinc oxide, 1~3 part of potassium carbonate, 2~6 parts of borax, silica flour progress dispensing mixing, in Cinker clew furnace Interior to be melted, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit b;
C, the preparation of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze, prepares by weight:
By 95~99 parts of frit c, 0.5~3.5 part of zinc oxide, 0.5~1.5 part of cerium oxide and ceramic glue roller squeegee oil 80 It is that 325 mesh sieve tails over as the glaze slip of mass percent 0.02%~0.06% that fineness is worn into~160 parts of mixing, crosses and screens out iron i.e. Obtain pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze;
The wherein frit c is prepared by following parts by weight by following parts by weight of component:
30~38 parts of feldspar powder, 15~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 1~3 part of boric acid, 0.5~2.5 part of potassium nitrate, spodumene powder 1~ 3 parts, 0.5~2.5 part of barium carbonate, 2~6 parts of zinc oxide, 0.5~4.5 part of red lead powder, that 28~36 parts of silica flour carries out dispensings is mixed It closes, is melted in Cinker clew furnace, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit c;
D, the preparation for boring sand glaze grain slurry, prepares by weight:
30~40 parts of frit d grains and ceramic 60~70 parts of glue roller squeegee oil are mixed evenly up to sand glaze grain slurry is bored.
The invention further relates to a kind of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles comprising:
Biscuit body:For the biscuit body of ceramic polished waste residue manufacture;
Ground-coat enamel:It is configured by following parts by weight of component:
12~22 parts of frit a, 26~32 parts of lithium porcelain stone powder, 2~8 parts of alumina powder, 5~11 parts of talcum, zirconium silicate 4 are burnt ~10 parts, 22~28 parts of silica flour, 13~21 parts of kaolin, 0.07~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.3~ 0.8 part and 37~45 parts of water;The glaze volume of ground-coat enamel is 0.7~0.9 ㎏/㎡, and the glaze volume is aqueous glaze slip weight;
Overglaze:It is configured by following parts by weight of component:
40~50 parts of frit a, 5~15 parts of frit b, 5~9 parts of zirconium silicate, 15~25 parts of kaolin, feldspar powder 6~12 Part, 4~8 parts of alumina powder, 0.06~0.09 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.3~0.8 part of sodium tripolyphosphate and water 37~45 Part;The glaze volume of overglaze is 0.75~1.05 ㎏/㎡, and the glaze volume is aqueous glaze slip weight;
Pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze:It is configured by following parts by weight of component:
95~99 parts of frit c, 0.5~3.5 part of zinc oxide, 0.5~1.5 part of cerium oxide and ceramic glue roller squeegee oil 80~ 160 parts;The thickness of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze printed patterns is 0.4~0.7 ㎜;
Bore sand glaze grain slurry:It is configured by following parts by weight of component:
30~40 parts of frit d grains and ceramic 60~70 parts of glue roller squeegee oil;Bore sand glaze grain slurry sizing amount be 0.19~ 0.24 ㎏/㎡, the sizing amount are wet pulp weight;
Wherein the frit a is configured by following parts by weight of component:
8~14 parts of feldspar powder, 23~29 parts of calcium carbonate, 6~10 parts of zirconium English powder, 7~13 parts of zinc oxide, talcum powder 8~12 Part, 2~6 parts of titanium dioxide, 3~5 parts of potassium carbonate, 30~40 parts of silica flour;
Wherein the frit b is configured by following parts by weight of component:
16~24 parts of feldspar powder, 11~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 4~8 parts of boric acid, 3~7 parts of talcum powder, 11~17 parts of zirconium English powder, 8~12 parts of zinc oxide, 1~3 part of potassium carbonate, 2~6 parts of borax, 20~28 parts of silica flour;
Wherein the frit c is configured by following parts by weight of component:
30~38 parts of feldspar powder, 15~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 1~3 part of boric acid, 0.5~2.5 part of potassium nitrate, spodumene powder 1~ 3 parts, 0.5~2.5 part of barium carbonate, 2~6 parts of zinc oxide, 0.5~4.5 part of red lead powder, 28~36 parts of silica flour;
Wherein frit d is configured by following parts by weight of component:
12~20 parts of feldspar powder, 10~16 parts of calcium carbonate, 8~12 parts of boric acid, 12~18 parts of zirconium English powder, potassium nitrate 3~5 Part, 8~12 parts of zinc oxide, 3~5 parts of titanium dioxide, 26~34 parts of silica flour.
The biscuit body is the biscuit body of ceramic polished waste residue manufacture.
The invention further relates to a kind of preparation methods of thousand pearls illusion-colour glazed tile comprising following steps:
A, the preparation of biscuit body:Biscuit body is the biscuit body of ceramic polished waste residue manufacture;
B, the preparation of ground-coat enamel, prepares by weight:
By 12~22 parts of frit a, 26~32 parts of lithium porcelain stone powder, 2~8 parts of alumina powder, burn 5~11 parts of talcum, zirconium silicate 4~10 parts, 22~28 parts of silica flour, 13~21 parts of kaolin, 0.07~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.3 It is that 325 mesh sieves tails over as mass percent 0.2%~0.4% that~0.8 part and 37~45 parts of water, which are mixed together and wear into fineness, Glaze slip, cross screen out iron up to ground-coat enamel;
C, the preparation of overglaze, prepares by weight:
By 40~50 parts of frit a, 5~15 parts of frit b, 5~9 parts of zirconium silicate, 15~25 parts of kaolin, feldspar powder 6~ 12 parts, 4~8 parts of alumina powder, 0.06~0.09 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.3~0.8 part of sodium tripolyphosphate and water 37~45 It is that 325 mesh sieve tails over as the glaze slip of mass percent 0.25%~0.55% that part, which is mixed together and wears into fineness, crosses and screens out iron i.e. Obtain overglaze;
Frit a during wherein prepared by ground-coat enamel and overglaze is prepared by following parts by weight of component:
By 8~14 parts of feldspar powder, 23~29 parts of calcium carbonate, 6~10 parts of zirconium English powder, 7~13 parts of zinc oxide, talcum powder 8~ 12 parts, 2~6 parts of titanium dioxide, 3~5 parts of potassium carbonate, 30~40 parts of silica flour, carry out dispensing mixing, in Cinker clew furnace be melted, melt 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of temperature processed, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit a;
Frit b therein is prepared by following parts by weight by following parts by weight of component:
By 16~24 parts of feldspar powder, 11~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 4~8 parts of boric acid, 3~7 parts of talcum powder, zirconium English powder 11~17 20~28 parts of part, 8~12 parts of zinc oxide, 1~3 part of potassium carbonate, 2~6 parts of borax, silica flour progress dispensing mixing, in Cinker clew furnace Interior to be melted, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit b;
D, the preparation of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze, prepares by weight:
By 95~99 parts of frit c, 0.5~3.5 part of zinc oxide, 0.5~1.5 part of cerium oxide and ceramic glue roller squeegee oil 80 It is that 325 mesh sieve tails over as the glaze slip of mass percent 0.02%~0.06% that fineness is worn into~160 parts of mixing, crosses and screens out iron i.e. Obtain pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze;
The wherein frit c is prepared by following parts by weight by following parts by weight of component:
30~38 parts of feldspar powder, 15~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 1~3 part of boric acid, 0.5~2.5 part of potassium nitrate, spodumene powder 1~ 3 parts, 0.5~2.5 part of barium carbonate, 2~6 parts of zinc oxide, 0.5~4.5 part of red lead powder, that 28~36 parts of silica flour carries out dispensings is mixed It closes, is melted in Cinker clew furnace, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit c;
E, the preparation for boring sand glaze grain slurry, prepares by weight:
30~40 parts of frit d grains and ceramic 60~70 parts of glue roller squeegee oil are mixed evenly up to sand glaze grain slurry is bored;
F, the preparation and firing of product:
The biscuit body that step A is obtained, first applies the ground-coat enamel that step B is obtained, the glaze volume of ground-coat enamel be glaze volume be 0.7~ 0.9 ㎏/㎡, the glaze volume are aqueous glaze slip weight;Apply the overglaze that step C is obtained again when ground-coat enamel is just dry, glaze volume is 0.75~1.05 ㎏/㎡, the glaze volume are aqueous glaze slip weight;Then step D is obtained by silk-screen plate or offset printing roller Pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze is imprinted on the overglaze of adobe, and the thickness of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze printed patterns is 0.4~0.7 ㎜, then is passed through It crosses ink-jet decorating machine and carries out ink-jet printed, then apply the brill sand glaze grain slurry that step E obtains, sizing amount is 0.19~0.24 ㎏/㎡, institute The sizing amount stated is wet pulp weight, using side washing, is fired by glaze into roller kilns, maximum sintering temperature ranging from 1090 DEG C~1130 DEG C, firing time is 40~70 minutes, by edging, that is, finished product is made.
By the way that the preferred of biscuit body type, the biscuit body of Ceramics polishing slag manufacture, it is in high-temperature burning process In due to bulk gas in waste residue discharge, form a large amount of open pore in billet surface, these open pores are biscuit bodies The uniform excellent guarantee of water absorption rate, surface gas permeability and hydrophobicity.Therefore this biscuit body after having drenched ground-coat enamel, overglaze, ground-coat enamel, Moisture content in overglaze can be penetrated into rapidly by these open pores in biscuit body in a short time, while these open pores In residual gas ground-coat enamel is broken through under the extruding of moisture, cover coat comes surface, in the adobe body for having drenched ground-coat enamel, overglaze Surface leave many opening spileholes, when print pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze and apply bore sand glaze grain slurry when, these openings are stingy The ceramic glue roller squeegee oil that hole can quickly make pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze and bore in sand glaze grain slurry passes through these stomatas and penetrates into face In glaze, so that pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze pattern is quickly solidified under the thickness and shape for ensureing printing, will not scatter or even collapse;Together When it is subsequent bore sand grains slurry in ceramic glue roller squeegee oil can also be penetrated into overglaze quickly through these stomatas, not only ensure that Brill sand glaze grain, which is firmly adsorbed on adobe surface, will not be blown away by kiln hood drifting dust wind turbine or be blown away by the smoking wind turbine in kiln, and And the pattern for the pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze and ink-jet decorating machine printing that will not be also printed to leading portion damages;Ground-coat enamel formula composition Optimization, on the one hand ensure ground-coat enamel good air permeability in high temperature, the gas for making the ceramic waste residue in green body be discharged in high temperature It can be discharged in time, on the other hand can form firm middle layer with green body and overglaze again to balance the coefficient of expansion of base, glaze, Ensure the flatness of product, and improves the thermal shock resistance of product;Since the thousand pearl illusion-colour glaze brick products of the present invention are in light Or under skew ray irradiation, there is such as broken brill sand shape twinkLing stars light and pearl jewel and sends out the tempting radiance that glitter simultaneously in surface, and Pattern color of the spray printing at pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze can bore sand glaze twinkLing stars light and pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze glittering radiance Reflection and refraction double action under there is color changeable effect, seemingly a grain pearl cameo incrustation on brick face, therefore overglaze, Pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze and the cooperation for boring sand glaze grain three are very perfect, preferred and proportioning, the face of different frits in overglaze The optimization of glaze formula composition, it is ensured that overglaze has suitable high temperature viscosity and melting behaviour in high-temperature calcination, not only to ensure It bores sand glaze grain and pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze is be bonded with its intact, do not occur because of the bonding bad and cracking, pin hole the defects of;And And brill sand glaze grain and pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze can't be made excessively to melt, it collapses so that they are melted, makes reflection, refractive optical power not It is enough, weaken the effect as bored sand flicker starlight and pearl gemstone sparkle radiance, or even sand grains will be bored and pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze melts It is integrated, loses the effect for boring sand flicker starlight and pearl gemstone sparkle radiance completely;Bore the composition and brill of the frit of sand glaze grain On the one hand the optimization of sand glaze grain formula composition can be such that brill sand glaze grain is uniformly layered on the brick face for having printed pattern, and will not be right The pattern of printing damages;On the other hand it can also ensure that boring sand glaze grain is firmly adsorbed on the adobe face for having printed pattern, It is not destroyed by outside;Most importantly it bores sand glaze grain and just melts in high-temperature calcination, can be well by particle Between bond together mutually, but also keep complete graininess, ensure that the reflex to light, while again and face Glaze and pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze bonding are intact;Pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze frit forms and the optimization of formula composition, on the one hand ensures Pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze has heigh clarity, high glossiness, high refractive index after high-temperature calcination, makes it in the irradiation of light Under send out the radiance of glittering;On the other hand ensure the integrality of itself again, make its dimpling on overglaze;Also to ensure have simultaneously On the one hand suitable melting behaviour ensures that the pattern of ink jet printing is made to be dissolved into pearl illusion-colour glaze layer, and cannot destroy pattern Integrality;On the other hand make to apply the brill sand glaze grain on its face again before keeping complete graininess under topic, and melt viscous Connect it is intact, to which in its numerous section of surface self-assembling formation, when light is irradiated or is reflected on its face, these sections are natural It reflects light back into, to send out the radiance such as pearl gemstone sparkle, while again by part anaclasis to glaze layer the inside, thus Make to sink to the pattern color inside glaze layer to be reflected into the eyes of people from different perspectives, the special-effect to change colour occurs.Glazing work On the one hand the adjustment and optimization of skill parameter and printing technology ensure that ground-coat enamel, overglaze, brill sand glaze grain, pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze have The suitable coefficient of expansion makes them be combined with each other intact, in turn ensures the flatness of product;On the other hand different designs are in turn ensured Pattern integrality and naturally closely coincide property.
Using advantageous effect caused by the present invention:
1, due to the preferred type of biscuit body, ground-coat enamel, the composition of overglaze frit, overglaze different performance frit preferred and Proportioning, the formula composition of ground-coat enamel, the frit composition of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze, the formula composition of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze, brill sand glaze Grain frit composition bores the granularity of sand glaze grain preferably and the optimization of formula composition, glazing process parameter and printing technology etc., to make The thousand pearl illusion-colour glaze brick products manufactured using the technology, under light or skew ray irradiation, there is such as broken brill sand shape simultaneously in surface The radiance to glitter as flicker starlight and pearl jewel, and the pattern color printed at pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze can be with light angle not With different colors is presented, make product that there is unique decorative effect and aesthetic.
2, the product surface flatness, the modulus of rupture, water absorption rate, resistance to acid and alkali, thermal shock resistance lead-indium alloy reach The requirement of GB/T4100-2015, GB6566-2011 and HJ/T297-2006 standard.
3, larger amount of ceramic polished waste residue has been used in body recipe so that saved again while reducing production cost Resource, has achieved the purpose that energy-saving and emission-reduction.
4, using existing glazed tile production technology, the technology of preparing of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles is made to have stronger pervasive Property, it is easy in industry promote.
Description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the preparation technology flow chart of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles.
Specific implementation mode:
With reference to embodiment, invention is further described in detail.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tile preparation methods, including biscuit body, frit, ground-coat enamel, overglaze, pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze with And the preparation process of brill sand glaze grain slurry etc..
Prepare biscuit body:Wherein the biscuit body is the biscuit body manufactured with polishing slag, is manufactured with polishing slag The manufacturing method of biscuit body is in the number of patent application of applicant:201210050321.3 patent name is " useless using polishing It is had been disclosed in the application for a patent for invention of the formula and method of slag manufacture ceramic tile blank and glazed tile ".
Prepare frit a:
The raw material feldspar powder, calcium carbonate, zirconium English that granularity is respectively less than 150 mesh are weighed by the formula composition composition of 1 frit a of table Powder, zinc oxide, talcum powder, titanium dioxide, potassium carbonate, silica flour carry out dispensing, are mixed 30 minutes in mixing machine, in Cinker clew furnace Interior to be melted, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit a.
The formula composition table (parts by weight) of table 1, frit a
Component Feldspar powder Calcium carbonate Zirconium English powder Zinc oxide Talcum powder Titanium dioxide Potassium carbonate Silica flour
1# 8 23 10 8 12 6 3 30
2# 11 26 8 10 8 2 5 30
3# 14 24 6 7 10 4 4 31
4# 8 25 6 13 8 2 3 35
5# 9 29 7 9 9 3 4 30
6# 8.5 23 6.5 7 9 2.5 3.5 40
Prepare frit b:
By the formula composition composition of 2 frit b of table weigh granularity be respectively less than the raw material feldspar powders of 150 mesh, calcium carbonate, boric acid, Talcum powder, zirconium English powder, zinc oxide, potassium carbonate, borax, silica flour carry out dispensing, are mixed 30 minutes in batch mixer, in frit It is melted in stove, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit b.
The formula composition table (parts by weight) of table 2, frit b
Prepare frit c:
By the formula composition composition of 3 frit c of table weigh granularity be respectively less than the raw material feldspar powders of 150 mesh, calcium carbonate, boric acid, Potassium nitrate, spodumene powder, barium carbonate, zinc oxide, red lead powder, silica flour carry out dispensing, are mixed 30 minutes in batch mixer, It is melted in Cinker clew furnace, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit c.
The formula composition table (parts by weight) of table 3, frit c
Component Feldspar powder Calcium carbonate Boric acid Potassium nitrate Spodumene powder Barium carbonate Zinc oxide Red lead powder Silica flour
1# 30 19 3 1.5 3 2.5 6 3 32
2# 34 17 2 2.5 1 1.5 4 2 36
3# 38 15 1 0.5 2 0.5 5.5 4.5 33
4# 38 19 3 2 3 2.5 2 2.5 28
5# 36 18 2 1 2 1.5 5 0.5 34
Prepare frit d:
By the formula composition composition of 4 frit d of table weigh granularity be respectively less than the raw material feldspar powders of 150 mesh, calcium carbonate, boric acid, Zirconium English powder, potassium nitrate, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, silica flour carry out dispensing, are mixed 30 minutes in batch mixer, are melted in Cinker clew furnace System, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching are broken into the thin frit grain of purpose of 80 mesh~200 again at frit granules drying to obtain the final product Frit d.
The formula composition table (parts by weight) of table 4, frit d
Component Feldspar powder Calcium carbonate Boric acid Zirconium English powder Potassium nitrate Zinc oxide Titanium dioxide Silica flour
1# 12 16 10 16 5 12 3 26
2# 16 13 12 12 3 10 4 30
3# 20 10 8 15 4 8 5 30
4# 12 11 8 18 4.5 9 3.5 34
Prepare ground-coat enamel:
Frit a is weighed by 5 ground-coat enamel formula composition of table, lithium porcelain stone powder, alumina powder, burns talcum, zirconium silicate, silica flour, height Ridge soil, additional 0.07~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.3~0.8 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 37~45 parts of water, goal Grinding machine is fine crushing to be tailed over to what 325 mesh sieved as the glaze slip of mass percent 0.2%~0.4%, cross screen out iron store it is standby up to ground-coat enamel With.
Table 5, ground-coat enamel formula composition table (parts by weight)
Component Frit a Lithium porcelain stone powder Alumina powder Burn talcum Zirconium silicate Silica flour Kaolin
1# 12 29 6 8 10 22 13
2# 17 27 3 11 4 25 13
3# 22 26 2 5 7 23 15
4# 12 32 5 5 4 28 14
5# 13 28 4 7 6 25 17
6# 14 27 3 6 5 24 21
7# 15 26 8 5 4 24 18
Prepare overglaze:
Claim block frit a, frit b, zirconium silicate, kaolin, feldspar powder, alumina powder by 6 overglaze formula composition of table, it is additional 0.06~0.09 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.3~0.8 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 37~45 parts of water, enter that ball mill is fine crushing to be arrived 325 mesh sieve tails over as the glaze slip of mass percent 0.25%~0.55%, cross screen out iron store it is spare up to overglaze.
Table 6, overglaze formula composition table (parts by weight)
Component Frit a Frit b Zirconium silicate Kaolin Feldspar powder Alumina powder
1# 40 15 7 20 12 6
2# 45 10 9 19 9 8
3# 50 5 5 25 11 4
4# 50 14 8 15 6 7
Prepare pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze:
Frit c, zinc oxide, cerium oxide are weighed by the formula composition of 7 pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze of table, additional 80~160 parts Ceramic glue roller squeegee oil, enter ball mill it is fine crushing to tailing over of sieving of 325 mesh be the glaze slip of mass percent 0.02%~0.06%, sieving Except iron store up to pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze it is spare.
Table 7, pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze formula composition table (parts by weight)
Component Frit c Zinc oxide Cerium oxide
1# 99 0.5 0.5
2# 95 3.5 1.5
3# 97 2 1
It prepares and bores sand glaze grain slurry:
The formula composition that sand glaze grain slurry is bored by table 8 weighs frit d, ceramic glue roller squeegee oil enters agitator and stirs evenly together It stores spare up to sand glaze grain slurry is bored.
Table 8 bores sand glaze grain slurry formula composition table (parts by weight)
Component Frit d Ceramic glue roller squeegee oil
1# 30 70
2# 35 65
3# 40 60
Prepare thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles:
The ground-coat enamel that upper above-mentioned steps are prepared is applied in the plain billet surface manufactured with ceramic polished waste residue with bell jar leaching glaze, Glaze volume is 0.7~0.9 ㎏/㎡, and the glaze volume is aqueous glaze slip weight, and applying above-mentioned steps again when ground-coat enamel is just dry is prepared into The overglaze arrived, glaze volume are 0.75~1.05 ㎏/㎡, and the glaze volume is aqueous glaze slip weight, then according to design needs The pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze obtained with silk-screen plate or offset printing roller print above-mentioned steps, the thickness of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze printed patterns are 0.4~0.7 ㎜ using ink-jet printed, then applies the brill sand glaze grain slurry that above-mentioned steps obtain, sizing amount be 0.19~0.24 ㎏/ ㎡, the sizing amount are wet pulp weight, using side washing, are fired by glaze into roller kilns, ranging from 1090 DEG C of maximum sintering temperature~ 1130 DEG C, firing time is 40~70 minutes, by edging, last finished product.
The present invention is by the preparation method of thousand above-mentioned pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles, the thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles production being prepared There is such as broken brill sand under light and skew ray irradiation in product, the pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze of brill sand glaze grain and printing that glaze is applied Shape twinkLing stars light and pearl jewel send out the tempting radiance of glittering, and spray printing is in the typographic pattern color of pearl illusion-colour, Under the reflection and refraction double action of boring sand glaze grain and pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze, it is special to occur with the difference of light angle Color changeable effect, seemingly on brick face, visual effect is very unique for a grain pearl cameo incrustation, dicoration and skill with height Art.
The indices of product such as the following table 9 after testing.
Table 9:Product quality inspection result
In conclusion only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention in any form;It is all The those of ordinary skill of the industry can implement the present invention by the above and swimmingly;But all technology people for being familiar with this profession Member without departing from the scope of the present invention, repair by a little change for being made using disclosed above technology contents Decorations and the equivalent variations developed, are the equivalent embodiment of the present invention;Meanwhile all substantial technologicals according to the present invention are to above real The change, modification and differentiation for applying any equivalent variations made by example, still fall within technical scheme of the present invention protection domain it It is interior.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of preparation method of thousand pearls illusion-colour glazed tile, it is characterised in that:
It includes the following steps:
A, the preparation of biscuit body:Biscuit body is the biscuit body of ceramic polished waste residue manufacture;
B, the preparation of ground-coat enamel, prepares by weight:
By 12~22 parts of frit a, 26~32 parts of lithium porcelain stone powder, 2~8 parts of alumina powder, burn 5~11 parts of talcum, zirconium silicate 4~ 10 parts, 22~28 parts of silica flour, 13~21 parts of kaolin, 0.07~0.12 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium tripolyphosphate 0.3~ It is that 325 mesh sieves tails over as mass percent 0.2%~0.4% that 0.8 part and 37~45 parts of water, which are mixed together and wear into fineness, Glaze slip is crossed and screens out iron up to ground-coat enamel;
C, the preparation of overglaze, prepares by weight:
By 40~50 parts of frit a, 5~15 parts of frit b, 5~9 parts of zirconium silicate, 15~25 parts of kaolin, 6~12 parts of feldspar powder, 37~45 part one of 4~8 parts of alumina powder, 0.06~0.09 part of carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.3~0.8 part of sodium tripolyphosphate and water It is that 325 mesh sieve tails over as the glaze slip of mass percent 0.25%~0.55% to play mixing and wear into fineness, crosses and screens out iron up to face Glaze;
Frit a during wherein prepared by ground-coat enamel and overglaze is prepared by following parts by weight of component:
By 8~14 parts of feldspar powder, 23~29 parts of calcium carbonate, 6~10 parts of zirconium English powder, 7~13 parts of zinc oxide, 8~12 parts of talcum powder, 2~6 parts of titanium dioxide, 3~5 parts of potassium carbonate, 30~40 parts of silica flour carry out dispensing mixing, are melted in Cinker clew furnace, glass melting temperature 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit a;
Frit b therein is prepared by following parts by weight by following parts by weight of component:
By 16~24 parts of feldspar powder, 11~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 4~8 parts of boric acid, 3~7 parts of talcum powder, 11~17 parts of zirconium English powder, oxygen Change 20~28 parts of 8~12 parts of zinc, 1~3 part of potassium carbonate, 2~6 parts of borax, silica flour progress dispensing mixing, is melted in Cinker clew furnace System, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit b;
D, the preparation of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze, prepares by weight:
By 95~99 parts of frit c, 0.5~3.5 part of zinc oxide, 0.5~1.5 part of cerium oxide and ceramic glue roller squeegee oil 80~160 It is that 325 mesh sieve tails over as the glaze slip of mass percent 0.02%~0.06% that fineness is worn into part mixing, crosses and screens out iron up to precious Pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze;
The wherein frit c is prepared by following parts by weight by following parts by weight of component:
30~38 parts of feldspar powder, 15~19 parts of calcium carbonate, 1~3 part of boric acid, 0.5~2.5 part of potassium nitrate, 1~3 part of spodumene powder, 28~36 parts of 0.5~2.5 part of barium carbonate, 2~6 parts of zinc oxide, 0.5~4.5 part of red lead powder, silica flour progress dispensing mixing, It is melted in Cinker clew furnace, 1520 DEG C~1540 DEG C of glass melting temperature, water quenching is at frit granules drying frit c;
E, the preparation for boring sand glaze grain slurry, prepares by weight:
30~40 parts of frit d grains and ceramic 60~70 parts of glue roller squeegee oil are mixed evenly up to sand glaze grain slurry is bored;
Wherein frit d is configured by following parts by weight of component:
12~20 parts of feldspar powder, 10~16 parts of calcium carbonate, 8~12 parts of boric acid, 12~18 parts of zirconium English powder, 3~5 parts of potassium nitrate, oxygen Change 8~12 parts of zinc, 3~5 parts of titanium dioxide, 26~34 parts of silica flour;
F, the preparation and firing of product:
The biscuit body that step A is obtained, first applies the ground-coat enamel that step B is obtained, the glaze volume of ground-coat enamel be glaze volume be 0.7~0.9 ㎏/ ㎡, the glaze volume are aqueous glaze slip weight;Apply the overglaze that step C is obtained again when ground-coat enamel is just dry, glaze volume is 0.75~ 1.05 ㎏/㎡, the glaze volume are aqueous glaze slip weight;Then the pearl obtained step D by silk-screen plate or offset printing roller is unreal Color printing brushing glazing is imprinted on the overglaze of adobe, and the thickness of pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze printed patterns is 0.4~0.7 ㎜, using ink-jet Printing machine progress is ink-jet printed, then applies the brill sand glaze grain slurry that step E is obtained, and sizing amount is 0.19~0.24 ㎏/㎡, and described applies Slurry amount is wet pulp weight, using side washing, is fired by glaze into roller kilns, ranging from 1090 DEG C~1130 DEG C of maximum sintering temperature, firing Time is 40~70 minutes, by edging, that is, finished product is made.
2. a kind of thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles, it is characterised in that:
It is prepared by preparation method described in claim 1.
3. a kind of glaze being used to prepare thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles, it is characterised in that:
It includes ground-coat enamel, overglaze, pearl illusion-colour screen printing glaze and the component for boring sand glaze grain slurry described in claim 1.
4. a kind of preparation method for the glaze being used to prepare thousand pearl illusion-colour glazed tiles, it is characterised in that:
It includes step B~step E in the preparation method described in claim 1.
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