CN105922005B - Cylinder head automatic assembly line suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine - Google Patents

Cylinder head automatic assembly line suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105922005B
CN105922005B CN201610437274.6A CN201610437274A CN105922005B CN 105922005 B CN105922005 B CN 105922005B CN 201610437274 A CN201610437274 A CN 201610437274A CN 105922005 B CN105922005 B CN 105922005B
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China
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cylinder head
cylinder
roller
rotating
station
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CN201610437274.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105922005A (en
Inventor
韩加振
程和平
李志�
陈剑梅
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安庆中船动力配套有限公司
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Priority to CN201610437274.6A priority Critical patent/CN105922005B/en
Publication of CN105922005A publication Critical patent/CN105922005A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cylinder head automatic assembly line suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine, including roller conveyor, cylinder cap cleaning machine, switching mechanism, rotating mechanism, water pressure testing board, hydraulic single column press;Roller conveyor is that roller is driven by motor or freely rotated by support on support and parallel arranged is formed for a plural roller for vertical bar shaped;Cylinder cap cleaning machine, switching mechanism, rotating mechanism, hydraulic single column press, water pressure testing board connect and compose cylinder head automatic assembly line by roller conveyor;Rotating mechanism is arranged on the connection corner or infall of at least two roller conveyors;At the both ends of cylinder head automatic assembly line, one cylinder cap cleaning machine is respectively set.The present invention can be automatically performed the first wash to cylinder head, inspection, pump water, stamp, grinding, secondary cleaning, assembling, a full set of work of spray painting drying, the displacement, steering, upset of cylinder head be realized, particularly suitable for the assembling of large-scale diesel engine cylinder head.

Description

Cylinder head automatic assembly line suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of diesel engine production, more particularly to a kind of gas suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine Cylinder cap automatic assembly line.

Background technology

The cylinder head of diesel engine is needed through processes such as over cleaning, grinding, the water pressure test, assemblings in assembling.In in general Light duty diesel engine cylinder head can be machined sequentially, each process by above-mentioned operation respectively due to small volume, in light weight Perhaps in same workshop, perhaps dolly or artificial carrying can not used in same workshop, the mobile carrying of work.

For the cylinder head of high-power diesel engine, due to bulky, weight manually or can not make at all up to hundreds of kilograms Carried with dolly, cylinder head is turned to or overturn in assembling plus man-hour requirement in addition, even more need special machinery completion.These Process needs to form a special assembly line so that the efficiency of work improves.

The content of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of cylinder head suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine is automatic Assembly line.

The invention solves another technical problem be to provide a kind of gas suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine The method to set up of cylinder cap automatic assembly line.

For cylinder head automatic assembly line, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:Cylinder cover for diesel engine automatic assembly line, bag Include roller conveyor, cylinder cap cleaning machine, switching mechanism, rotating mechanism, water pressure testing board, hydraulic single column press;

Roller conveyor is that roller is by electricity by support on support and parallel arranged is formed for a plural roller for vertical bar shaped Machine drives or freely rotated;

Cylinder cap cleaning machine, switching mechanism, rotating mechanism, hydraulic single column press, water pressure testing board are connected by roller conveyor Form cylinder cover for diesel engine automatic assembly line;Rotating mechanism is arranged on the connection corner or intersection of at least two roller conveyors Place;

At the both ends of cylinder cover for diesel engine automatic assembly line, one cylinder cap cleaning machine is respectively set;

Water pressure testing board includes hydraulic test pump, water tank, pump water conservancy project dress and testboard;Water tank, hydraulic test pump, pump water conservancy project dress connect successively The subject cylinder head being placed on testboard is connected to, the water in water tank is squeezed into subject cylinder head by hydraulic test pump;

Pump water conservancy project dress includes self-sealing pressure testing fast interface, pressure testing connecting tube, pressure gauge and ball valve;Water tank passes through hydraulic test pump It is connected to the self-sealing pressure testing fast interface of at least pump water conservancy project dress;Self-sealing pressure testing fast interface is provided with the ball for controlling its break-make Valve, is provided with pressure gauge between ball valve and self-sealing pressure testing fast interface, and self-sealing pressure testing fast interface is connected by pressure testing Pipe is connected with subject cylinder head;

Testboard forms a square shape shape arranged around hydraulic test pump and water tank by plural platform roller conveyor, and at least 40 Testboard of the pump water conservancy project dress along square shape is covered to be arranged at intervals and control pressure testing pump work by an appliance controller.

Preferably, cylinder cap cleaning machine include spray station, wind cut position, heated-air drying station, vacuum drying station and Roller conveyor;Roller conveyor conveying workpieces pass sequentially through spray station, wind cut position and heated-air drying station or vacuum is done Dry station;Spray station is equipped with a plurality of high-pressure nozzles that cleaning fluid is sprayed towards workpiece around six faces of workpiece;The wind Cut position is provided with the air-flow shower nozzle for spraying compressed air around the face of workpiece six;Heated-air drying station surrounds workpiece setting moist closet, And heating element heater is additionally provided with moist closet, and workpiece is dried by heating and thermal insulation room air for heating element heater;Vacuum is done Dry station then keeps vacuum state in confined space, extracts institute's water in workpiece gap out by vacuum and divides to be dried.

Preferably, switching mechanism includes left turnover panel, right turnover panel, left flexible push rod, right flexible push rod and rotating shaft;Rotating shaft is put down Lie and be mounted in the middle part of workbench, one side of left turnover panel and right turnover panel is hinged with rotating shaft jointly, and left and right turnover panel lies low turning respectively The both sides of axle;

Left turnover panel is connected with the flexible push rod in a left side, and left flexible push rod jacks up left turnover panel to erect shape by lying low around the shaft State;

Right turnover panel is connected with the flexible push rod in the right side, and right flexible push rod jacks up right turnover panel to erect shape by lying low around the shaft State;

The flexible push rod in a left side and right flexible push rod are connected with overturning the chassis of workbench respectively.

Preferably, rotating mechanism includes horizontal roller bearing, longitudinal roller, horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder, lifting guide pillar, bottom Seat;

Longitudinal roller is fixed on the bottom plate of upper strata, and horizontal roller bearing is located in the gap between longitudinal roller, and longitudinal roller Rotating direction and the rotating direction of horizontal roller bearing be mutually perpendicular to intersect;Horizontal roller bearing passes through upper strata bottom plate and middle level by support Bottom plate is fixedly connected, and middle level bottom plate is connected with horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder, and upper strata bottom plate is slided by lifting guide pillar and middle level bottom plate Dynamic connection;Horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder is fixed on lower floor's bottom plate, and lower floor's bottom plate is fixedly connected with base;

Horizontal roller bearing makees elevating movement by horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder, and lifting is horizontal when horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder rises Roller bearing top surface is higher than the top surface of longitudinal roller, and only horizontal roller bearing is connected the rolling for making workpiece transversely roller bearing with workpiece bottom Move in direction;Horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder drives horizontal roller bearing top surface to be less than the top surface of longitudinal roller when declining, and there was only longitudinal direction Roller is connected with workpiece bottom moves rotating direction of the workpiece along longitudinal roller.

Preferably, rotating mechanism also includes integral-rotation mechanism;The rotating shaft of integral-rotation mechanism passes through bearing and base Connect and integral-rotation mechanism rotates around the axis, lower floor's bottom plate is fixedly connected with the rotation platform of integral-rotation mechanism, overall rotation Rotation mechanism drives horizontal roller bearing and longitudinal roller to make integral planar rotation by lower floor's bottom plate.

Preferably, hydraulic single column press include longitudinal rail, cross slide way, master cylinder seat, master cylinder, roller, cylinder, For carrying the workbench and support of subject cylinder head;

Cross slide way is fixedly mounted on the top of support, and controls cross slide way to be moved along X-direction by horizontal leading screw;

Longitudinal rail is fixed on below cross slide way, and controls longitudinal rail to be moved along Y direction by longitudinal leadscrew;

Master cylinder seat is fixed on below longitudinal rail;Transversely guide rail or longitudinal rail make X-axis to master cylinder seat or Y direction is moved It is dynamic;

Master cylinder is mounted in master cylinder seat inner chamber, and master cylinder is connected by cylinder connector with gusset piece, and gusset piece passes through linear axes Hold and be connected with the straight-line guidance bar on the master cylinder seat and gusset piece can make upper and lower vertically move along straight-line guidance bar;

Workbench is provided with vertical bar shaped groove, multiple rollings mounted in support bottom and positioned at positioned at the lower section of master cylinder, workbench Cylinder is arranged on the gap of groove side by side, and roller is connected by support with cylinder, and cylinder is by carriage drive roller in groove Gap in make elevating movement;Roller rises the roller rail formed higher than table surface for carrying and moving subject cylinder head Road, roller descend below table surface subject cylinder head and are placed in table surface.

For the method to set up of cylinder head automatic assembly line, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:Comprise the following steps:

(1)Cylinder head automatic assembly line sets gradually cylinder head first wash area, cylinder head inspection area, cylinder head pump water portion Part assembly section, cylinder head pump pool, cylinder head milling zone, cylinder head secondary cleaning area, cylinder head assembly section, paint-spraying drying chamber; Above-mentioned each area, room are connected by roller conveyor;

(2)Cylinder head first wash area is used to clean, dries the cylinder cap after polishing terminates;And cylinder head first wash area is set There is first wash machine;First wash machine sets gradually high pressure washing station, wind cut position, rinsing station, wind cut position, hot air drying Dry station, and workpiece passes sequentially through high pressure washing station, wind cut position, rinsing station, wind cut position, heat by roller conveyor Wind Drying station;

(3)Whether cylinder head inspection area is used to examine Cleaning of Parts result and product final size overproof;In order to side Just 6 faces of cylinder cap are observed, and are provided for the switching mechanism and rotating mechanism that cylinder head is overturn and turned to;

(4)Cylinder head pump wet part assembly section is used for the spiral shell for assembling the parts, i.e. all size of cylinder head hydraulic pressure test Line plug, bowl-type plug and air valve seat;Function is rotated and turn over for that can realize, is provided for the upset that cylinder head is overturn and turned to Mechanism and rotating mechanism;

(5)Cylinder head pump pool is used for cylinder head hydraulic pressure test and cylinder lid surface printing special number;Set with more rollers Conveyer forms square shape track, and water tank and water pump are provided among square shape track, water receiving tank is left below railway line, for returning The water flowed down after pump water terminates is received, is finally back in the water tank of centre;Coder uses pneumatic stamp, provided with switching mechanism By cylinder cap be turned into side it is downward when stamp;

(6)Cylinder head milling zone sets hydraulic single column press, broaching machine and grinder, when hydraulic single column press installs valve guide bushing Afterwards, valve guide bushing endoporus is twisted using broaching machine, finally grinds air valve seat valve line with grinder;

(7)Cylinder head secondary cleaning area is provided with secondary cleaning machine, caused mill iron filings after being ground for cleaning;Secondary cleaning Rinse spray station is set gradually inside machine, rinses lubrication hole station, wind cut position, vacuum drying station;

(8)Realize cylinder cap general assembly in cylinder head assembly section;The area is provided with rotating mechanism and switching mechanism, to facilitate cylinder head Rotation, upset during assembling;

(9)Paint-spraying drying chamber is used for cylinder head surface spraying paint, drying;Paint-spraying drying chamber is using upper air, lower air-breathing Mode, heated-air drying is automated, carries circulated heated air filtration system.

Preferably, also include air accumulator;Rotating mechanism, switching mechanism, Pneumatic coding machine, grinder, and it is first clear Washing machine, the wind cut position of secondary cleaning machine supply by air accumulator.

Preferably, the water tank in cylinder head pump pool forms circulating water flow system to water receiving tank, and in circulating water flow system Provided with filter mechanism.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

By a variety of mechanical composition automatic assembly lines, the first wash to cylinder head, inspection can be automatically performed, pump water, beaten Code, grinding, secondary cleaning, assembling, a full set of work of spray painting drying, the displacement, steering, upset of cylinder head are realized by machinery, without Manually, operating efficiency improves, particularly suitable for the assembling of large-scale diesel engine cylinder head.

Brief description of the drawings

The present invention is further detailed explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.

Fig. 1 is the cylinder head first wash area front view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the cylinder head first wash area top view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional views of first wash machine in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the B-B sectional views of first wash machine in Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the no-power drum conveyer front view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is the no-power drum conveyer top view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is the motor driving drum conveyer front view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 8 is the rotating mechanism front view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 9 is the rotating mechanism top view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 10 is the cylinder head inspection area of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention, cylinder head pump water conservancy project dress installation Area, pump water(Ship is examined)Area's top view.

Figure 11 is the pump water in Fig. 5(Ship is examined)Area's partial enlarged view.

Figure 12 is the switching mechanism top view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 13 is the hydraulic single column press front view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 14 is the hydraulic single column press left view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 15 is secondary cleaning owner's view of cylinder head automatic assembly line embodiment of the present invention.

Marked in figure, 1- rotating mechanisms, 101- transverse direction roller bearings, 102- longitudinal directions roller, 103- transverse direction roller supports, on 104- Layer bottom plate, 105- middle levels bottom plate, 106- lower floors bottom plate, 107- lifting guide pillars, 108- transverse direction roller bearing lift cylinders, 109- integrally revolve Rotation mechanism, 110- bases, 2- no-power drum conveyers, 201- motor driving drum conveyers, 202- frames, 203-roller, 204- rollers, 205- spikes, 206- motors, 3- first wash machines, 301- high pressure washing stations, 302- wind cuts position, 303- drifts Wash station, 304- wind cuts position, 305- heated-air drying stations, 306- shower nozzles, 307- roller conveyors, 308- insulated walls, 309- Electric heating element, 310- high-pressure wash stations, 311- clean in place stations, 312- hot blast washing stations, 313- vacuum drying stations, 4- switching mechanisms, 401- rotating shafts, the left turnover panels of 402-, the right turnover panels of 403-, the left flexible push rods of 404-, the right flexible push rods of 405-, 406- Chassis, 407- rollers, 408- spikes, 6- pumps pool, 601- water tank with strainer, 602- hydraulic test pumps, 603- cleaning water tanks, 604- controls Case, 701- adjustment swash plates, 702- supports, 703- rollers, 704- gusset pieces, 705- cylinder connectors, 706- linear bearings, 707- master Cylinder seat, 708- line slideways, 709- master cylinders, 710- horizontal leading screws, 711- cross slide ways, 712- longitudinal rails, 713- longitudinal directions Leading screw, 714- bearings, 715- supports, 716- cylinders.

Embodiment

Fig. 1 is a kind of cylinder head assembly line for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine, and whole cylinder head assembly line is in the past It is divided into cylinder head cleaning area, cylinder head inspection area, cylinder head pump water conservancy project dress installing zone, pump water after(Ship is examined)Area, cylinder head are ground Grind area, secondary cleaning area, cylinder head assembly section and spray drying chamber.

Whole piece assembly line carries ceiling, and ceiling manufactures for 1.2mm iron plates.Illumination fluorescent lamp, and default extension are housed on ceiling At hook.Each region of whole piece assembly line is independently detachable, can connect entirety, and junction button, the assembly machine in each region are provided between region Platform carries moveable universal wheel, and carries supporting leg, can be moved easily and fix, will to form achievable different assemblings The cylinder head automatic assembly line asked.

First, cylinder head first wash area:

The region is used to cleaning, drying the cylinder cap after polishing terminates, and feeding, cleaning, blanking realization are full-automatic and artificial Control adjustment operation.

As shown in Figure 1, 2, cylinder head first wash area is by rotating mechanism 1, motor driving drum conveyer 201, without dynamic Power roller conveyor 2, first wash machine 3 form.

Roller conveyor is divided into motor driving drum conveyer 201 and the unpowered rolling two types of roller conveyor 2.

In Fig. 5,6, no-power drum conveyer is made up of frame 202, roller 203 and water receiving tank.A plural roller 203 The workbench of the straight bar shape for carrying and moving subject cylinder head is arranged in by the support of frame 202 and along frame side by side, is connect Tank is located in the frame below roller, and water receiving tank is connected by the water inlet of pipeline and water tank with strainer.For ease of mobile and It is fixed, it is additionally provided with roller 204 and spike 205 in bottom of the frame.

The roller of no-power drum conveyer 2 can be rolled freely, workpiece on roller by manually promoting its advance, so as to Control feeding.Blanking velocity and cylinder cap position.

All rollers of motor driving drum conveyer 201 are driven by motor 206(Fig. 7), workpiece driven by motor Roller rotate advance in a stepwise manner.

In Fig. 8,9, rotating mechanism 1 is by horizontal roller bearing 101, longitudinal roller 102, horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder 108, lifting Guide pillar 107, integral-rotation mechanism 109 form.

More longitudinal rollers 102 are fixed on upper strata bottom plate 104 by support, and more horizontal roller bearings 101 pass through horizontal rolling Bracing strut 103 is fixedly connected through upper strata bottom plate 104 with middle level bottom plate 105, and horizontal roller bearing 101 is located between longitudinal roller 102 Gap in, and the rotating direction phase of the rotating direction of longitudinal roller 102 and horizontal roller bearing 101 is intersected for 90 degree each other(Fig. 2).

Lifting guide pillar 107 is housed, lifting guide pillar is to be slidably connected with middle level bottom plate 105 below upper strata bottom plate 104 so that Upper strata bottom plate relative can move up and down with middle level bottom plate.It is connected below middle level bottom plate 105 with horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder 108, Horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder can drive middle level bottom plate to make elevating movement, therefore may be such that all horizontal roller bearings are relatively all and indulge Make elevating movement to roller.

Horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder 108 is fixed on lower floor's bottom plate 106, and in lower floor's bottom plate and integral-rotation mechanism 109 The rotation platform in face is fixedly connected.

Integral-rotation mechanism can drive rotating mechanism to turn at any angle.Integral-rotation mechanism is by manual rotation side To its rotation direction can also be driven by motor when needed.

During if desired for being turned to workpiece, horizontal roller bearing top surface is risen into the top surface higher than longitudinal roller so that workpiece Can only the rotating direction of transversely roller bearing move into, then horizontal roller bearing top surface is descend below to the top surface of longitudinal roller so that Workpiece can only move away along the rotating direction of longitudinal roller, so as to realize the 90 of workpiece degree of steerings.

Cleaning machine is to spray station, wind cut position, hot blast or vacuum drying station by reasonable arrangement, is realized to cylinder head Cleaning.According to different cleaning requirements, it is divided into first wash machine and secondary cleaning machine.

In Fig. 1,2, first wash machine 3 is cut provided with high pressure washing station 301, wind cut position 302, rinsing station 303, wind Station 304, heated-air drying station 305.Wherein high pressure washing station and rinsing station belongs to spray station, and is scheduled 2 Individual wind cut position, to be dried up respectively after high pressure washing and rinsing to cylinder head with compressed air.

Cylinder cap drives advance by roller conveyor 307, sequentially passes through high pressure washing station 301, wind cut position 302, rinsing Station 303, wind cut position 304, heated-air drying station 305, it is rinsed-drying-automatically successively to cylinder cap and rinses-drying-and do Dry processing, complete the first wash of cylinder cap.

In high pressure washing station 301 and rinsing station 303, multiple shower nozzles are provided with by front and rear six direction up and down 306, sprayed with high pressure, big flow, more shower nozzles, comprehensive cleaning showers are carried out to cylinder cap(Fig. 3).

Wind cut position 302 and 304 is drying station, removes the residual liquid of cylinder cap surfaces externally and internally.

In heated-air drying station 305, on four sides provided with insulated wall 308, electric heating member is provided with the lower section of roller conveyor 307 Part 309, for heating air, temperature reaches as high as 200 DEG C and adjustable, and heated-air drying is carried out to cylinder cap(Fig. 4).

The transporting velocity of roller conveyor is 0.15~1.5m/min, stepless adjustable.

First wash area uses on-line auto-cleaning mode, is connected as one in design with assembly line.It is characterized in Mechanical feed is unattended.Cleaning machine can adapt to the clear of the cylinder cap of 8 kinds of specifications by one cylinder head of cleaning in every 5 minutes Wash(Wherein 27/32 kinds of cylinder caps of L16/24, L21/31, L may need to add collet to transmit).

On-line auto-cleaning, driven and advanced by roller conveyor, transporting velocity:0.15~1.5m/min stepless continuous, Speed is adjustable.

The rinse liquid temperature of cleaning machine has heating, automatic temperature control function, and rinse liquid temperature can be heated to be not less than 80 DEG C, Cleaning fluid pH=9~11.

2nd, cylinder head inspection area, the gentle cylinder head pump water in cylinder head pump wet part assembly section(Ship is examined)Area(Figure 10):

Whether cylinder head inspection area is overproof etc. for inspector's inspection Cleaning of Parts result and product final size.In region Mechanism can conveniently 6 faces of observation cylinder cap, rotation, upset cylinder cap be convenient.

Cylinder head pump wet part assembly section is used for the screw thread for assembling the parts, i.e. all size of cylinder head hydraulic pressure test Plug, bowl-type plug and air valve seat etc..It can realize and rotate and turn over function.The region is defeated by rotating mechanism 1 and motor driving drum Machine 201 is sent to form.

Driven by 2 switching mechanisms, 4,4 rotating mechanisms 1 and motor the gentle cylinder head pump wet part assembly section of cylinder head inspection area Dynamic roller conveyor 201 forms.

Cylinder head pump water(Ship is examined)Area Ji Beng pools 6, for cylinder head hydraulic pressure test and cylinder lid surface printing special number.

In fig. 11, pump pool is made up of one long 5 meters, wide 4 meters of mouth roller conveyor, rotating mechanism and switching mechanism Shape track.Wherein, rotating mechanism is located at the corner of degree of lip-rounding track, and 1 switching mechanism is provided with the side of degree of lip-rounding track(Just for DK28 cylinder caps use)With 1 rotating mechanism, cylinder cap is mounted in for convenient installation pump water conservancy project.

Water tank with strainer 601, hydraulic test pump 602, cleaning water tank 603 and control cabinet 604 are provided with the centre of degree of lip-rounding track.In mouth The lower section of shape track is provided with water receiving tank, and ventilating water pipe is installed on the inside of degree of lip-rounding railway line.

Being controlled by control cabinet, hydraulic test pump gets to water in cleaning water tank the ventilating water pipe for being located at degree of lip-rounding track periphery, It is connected again by connecting tube with cylinder cap, high pressure water test is carried out to cylinder cap.Tried water, which flows into, to be located at below degree of lip-rounding track Water receiving tank in, flowed back to by pipeline in water tank with strainer, formed circulating water flow.

The intake-outlet of water tank with strainer has screen pack, filters silt or Other Waste etc..

Using Pneumatic coding machine when cylinder cap side is downward stamp.By tipper, cylinder cap is turned into correct position( Cylinder cap is erectility during pump water test, puts state for side during stamp)To facilitate stamp.

In fig. 12, switching mechanism is by rotating shaft 401, left turnover panel 402, right turnover panel 403, left flexible push rod 404, right flexible top Bar 405 and chassis 406 form.

Rotating shaft 401 lies low to be connected mounted in the middle part of chassis 406, rotating shaft both ends with chassis both sides, left turnover panel 402 and right turnover panel 403 one side is hinged with rotating shaft jointly, and left and right turnover panel lies low on the chassis of rotating shaft both sides respectively.

Left turnover panel 402 is connected with one end of the flexible push rod 404 in a left side, and pushes up left turnover panel by lying low during left flexible push rod stretching, extension It is erected state to rise.Equally, right turnover panel 403 is connected with one end of right flexible push rod 405, and turns over the right side during right flexible push rod stretching, extension Plate is erected state by the jack-up that lies low.

The left and right sides of the other end of the flexible push rod in a left side and right flexible push rod respectively with the chassis 406 of upset workbench connects Connect.Positioned at the centre of chassis 406 when the flexible push rod in left and right is packed up.

Left turnover panel be by more side by side and freely the rollers that rotate are formed, right turnover panel is also to be rotated side by side and freely by more Roller form.

Hydraulically extensible push rod can be selected in the left push rod that stretches, right flexible push rod, also the flexible push rod of optional air pressure.

Mobile and fixed switching mechanism, is also equipped with roller 407 on the chassis of switching mechanism during for convenience of composition assembly line With spike 408.

When switching mechanism works, first workpiece is moved to above left turnover panel or right turnover panel using roller, then starts a left side and stretches Contracting push rod or right flexible push rod lifting around the shaft, i.e., by 90 ° of workpiece turning above turnover panel, it may also pass through secondary upset and realize 108 ° of workpiece turning.

3rd, cylinder head milling zone:

The working region is made up of hydraulic single column press and grinder, after hydraulic single column press installs valve guide bushing, using grinding Grinding machine grinds air valve.Hydraulic single column press has roller track below hydraulic press, facilitates cylinder cap to move using formula is passed through.

In Figure 13,14, hydraulic single column press by longitudinal rail 712, cross slide way 711, master cylinder seat 707, master cylinder 709, Roller 703, support 702 form.

The top that cross slide way 711 is fixedly mounted on support 702 is fixedly connected with bearing 714, and horizontal leading screw 710 controls horizontal stroke Direction guiding rail 711 moves along X-direction.

Longitudinal rail 712 is fixed on below cross slide way 711, and longitudinal leadscrew 713 controls longitudinal rail 712 along Y-axis side To movement.

Master cylinder seat 707 is fixed on below longitudinal rail 712.Master cylinder seat 7 transversely can be led in guide rail 11 or longitudinal direction Rail 712 moves along X-axis or Y direction.

Master cylinder 709 is mounted in the inner chamber of master cylinder seat 707, and master cylinder is connected by cylinder connector 705 with gusset piece 704, joins Fishplate bar is connected by linear bearing 706 with the line slideway 708 on master cylinder seat so that on gusset piece can be made along line slideway Lower movement.

Workbench is housed in the bottom of support and positioned at the lower section of master cylinder.Workbench is provided with the groove of strip, logical Groove gap is provided with the roller track that can be lifted.

Roller track is made up of multiple rollers 703 arranged side by side in the groove gap of workbench, all rollers 703 On liftable support 715, support is driven by cylinder 716 so that whole roller track is in the groove gap of workbench Make elevating movement.

A supporting surface for exceeding table surface is formed after roller track rises, cylinder head is directly from adjacent rolling Cylinder conveyer moves on roller track and is moved to the underface of master cylinder.Then cylinder driving drum track drops below work Make platform surface, cylinder head is placed on workbench, the pressure of master cylinder will directly be acted on by cylinder head when master cylinder declines On the table.After hydraulic single column press pressure part, the pipe fitting being pressed into can protrude cylinder lid surface.

Equipped with adjustment swash plate 701 in two support feets of support 702, for adjusting the flatness of support.

The region is additionally provided with the railway line and switching mechanism of roller conveyor composition, is provided among railway line and switching mechanism The cylinder cap that 25CM gap can make to install part passes through.

4th, cylinder head secondary cleaning area

The area is used for caused mill iron filings etc. after cleaning is ground, and feeding and blanking are semi-automatic, manual control cleaning rhythm. Cleaning of Parts state is that cylinder cap burns downwards herein(Abradant surface), into secondary cleaning machine in clean.It is 5 points to clean beat Clock/.

The basic structure of secondary cleaning machine is similar with the structure of first wash machine, and simply the station of concrete composition is not Together.

In fig.15, dried inside secondary cleaning machine by high-pressure wash station 310, clean in place station 311, hot air circulation 313 4 station 312, vacuum drying station station compositions.High-pressure wash station and clean in place station belong to spray station, Hot air circulation Drying station is heated-air drying station, and workpiece is placed in closed space and maintains vacuum shape by vacuum drying State, the moisture in workpiece gap is extracted out with vacuum mode.

The structure of secondary cleaning machine and first wash machine are substantially similar, using on-line auto-cleaning mode.When workpiece is by grasping Author is sent to the feeding area of cleaning machine, presses cleaning machine cleaning button, and workpiece is driven by roller conveyor to advance, and is automatically performed Whole cleaning action.

Rinse liquid temperature has automatic temperature control function, and temperature can be set, and can be heated to cleaning fluid to be not less than 60 DEG C, pH=9 ~11, temperature-control range:0~100 DEG C.

Station 310 is rinsed in high-pressure wash, cleaning fluid is first from cylinder cap bottom irrigation abradant surface, then again from remaining five face High pressure, big flow, more shower nozzles rinse simultaneously, rinse lubrication hole.

Clean in place station 311, which aims at, rinses grease way design, has nozzle or location of workpiece adjusting apparatus, nozzle can be determined Point automatic alignment rinses the grease way of 8 kinds of cylinder caps, and cleaning fluid flows back to reservoir naturally.

Hot air circulation Drying station 312 removes workpiece surfaces externally and internally raffinate using compressed air.

It is dried in vacuo station 313 and uses vacuum drying mode, aim at and remove raffinate in cylinder cap sidewalk for visually impaired people and set, due to now gas Cylinder cap has completed the installation of all parts, therefore original mounting hole site has all loaded onto part, but in the gap of part installation Partial moisture is also retained, setting one here passes through formula vacuum drying chamber, you can extract moisture in cylinder head out drying, and Vacuum drying is lower relative to the energy consumption of hot blast drying.

5th, cylinder head assembly section and spray drying chamber

Cylinder head assembly section is provided with the convenient mechanism for rotating, overturning, for realizing cylinder cap general assembly.

Spray drying chamber and be used for product surface spray coating paint, drying use.Using artificial semi-automatic spray paint, automatically Change heated-air drying, carry circulated heated air filtration system, upper air, lower air-breathing;Indoor electric appliance equipment meets requirement of explosion proof.

Whole cylinder head assembly line is directed to the weight weight of high-power marine medium seed diesel engine cylinder head, and volume is big, and inconvenience is removed The characteristics of fortune, by roller conveyor form transport cylinder cap railway line, by first wash machine, secondary cleaning machine, hydraulic single column press, Grinder connects and composes a complete cylinder cover for diesel engine automatic assembly line by railway line.So that cylinder cover for diesel engine is automatic The processes such as cleaning, assembling, packer permeability test are completed, is carried without artificial, substantially increases operating efficiency, be especially suitable for high power boat With the assembling of the cylinder head of medium seed diesel engine.

The embodiments of the present invention described above are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.It is any in the present invention Spirit and principle within the modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made etc., should be included in the claim protection model of the present invention Within enclosing.

Claims (9)

1. suitable for the cylinder head automatic assembly line of high-power marine medium seed diesel engine, including roller conveyor, cylinder cap cleaning machine, turn over Rotation mechanism, rotating mechanism, water pressure testing board, hydraulic single column press;
The roller conveyor be by support on support and parallel arranged is formed for a plural roller for vertical bar shaped, the roller Driven by motor or freely rotated;
The cylinder cap cleaning machine, switching mechanism, rotating mechanism, hydraulic single column press, water pressure testing board are mutual by roller conveyor Connection;The rotating mechanism is arranged on the connection corner or infall of at least two roller conveyors;
At the both ends of cylinder cover for diesel engine automatic assembly line, one cylinder cap cleaning machine is respectively set;
It is characterized in that:
The water pressure testing board includes hydraulic test pump, water tank, pump water conservancy project dress and testboard;The water tank, hydraulic test pump, pump water conservancy project dress according to Secondary to be connected to the subject cylinder head being placed on testboard, the water in water tank is squeezed into subject cylinder head by hydraulic test pump;
The pump water conservancy project dress includes self-sealing pressure testing fast interface, pressure testing connecting tube, pressure gauge and ball valve;The water tank passes through examination Press pump is connected to the self-sealing pressure testing fast interface of at least described pump water conservancy project dress;The self-sealing pressure testing fast interface is provided with control The ball valve of its break-make, pressure gauge, the fast quick access of the self-sealing pressure testing are provided between ball valve and self-sealing pressure testing fast interface Mouth is connected by pressure testing connecting tube with subject cylinder head;
Testboard roller conveyor described in plural platform forms a square shape shape arranged around hydraulic test pump and water tank, extremely Testboard of few 40 sets of pump water conservancy project dresses along square shape is arranged at intervals and controls pressure testing pump work by an appliance controller.
2. cylinder head automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cylinder cap cleaning machine includes spray work Position, wind cut position, heated-air drying station, vacuum drying station and roller conveyor;The roller conveyor conveying workpieces are successively By spraying station, wind cut position and heated-air drying station or vacuum drying station;The spray station surrounds six faces of workpiece It is equipped with a plurality of high-pressure nozzles that cleaning fluid is sprayed towards workpiece;The wind cut position is provided with to spray around the face of workpiece six to be compressed The air-flow shower nozzle of air;The heated-air drying station surrounds workpiece setting moist closet, and heating element heater is additionally provided with moist closet, and Workpiece is dried by heating and thermal insulation room air for heating element heater;The vacuum drying station is then kept in confined space Vacuum state, institute's water in workpiece gap is extracted out by vacuum and divided to be dried.
3. cylinder head automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The switching mechanism include left turnover panel, Right turnover panel, left flexible push rod, right flexible push rod and rotating shaft;The rotating shaft lies low to be turned over mounted in the middle part of workbench, left turnover panel and the right side One side of plate is hinged with rotating shaft jointly, and left and right turnover panel lies low in the both sides of rotating shaft respectively;
The left turnover panel is connected with the flexible push rod in a left side, and left flexible push rod jacks up left turnover panel to erect shape by lying low around the shaft State;
The right turnover panel is connected with the flexible push rod in the right side, and right flexible push rod jacks up right turnover panel to erect shape by lying low around the shaft State;
The flexible push rod in a left side and right flexible push rod are connected with overturning the chassis of workbench respectively.
4. cylinder head automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rotating mechanism includes laterally rolling Axle, longitudinal roller, horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder, lifting guide pillar, base;
Longitudinal roller is fixed on the bottom plate of upper strata, and the horizontal roller bearing is located in the gap between longitudinal roller, and longitudinal direction The rotating direction of the rotating direction of roller and horizontal roller bearing is mutually perpendicular to intersect;The horizontal roller bearing passes through upper strata bottom by support Plate is fixedly connected with middle level bottom plate, and middle level bottom plate is connected with horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder, and upper strata bottom plate is by lifting guide pillar with Layer bottom plate is slidably connected;Horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder is fixed on lower floor's bottom plate, and lower floor's bottom plate is fixedly connected with base;
The horizontal roller bearing makees elevating movement by horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder, and lifting is horizontal when horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder rises Roller bearing top surface is higher than the top surface of longitudinal roller, and only horizontal roller bearing is connected the rolling for making workpiece transversely roller bearing with workpiece bottom Move in direction;Horizontal roller bearing lift cylinder drives horizontal roller bearing top surface to be less than the top surface of longitudinal roller when declining, and there was only longitudinal direction Roller is connected with workpiece bottom moves rotating direction of the workpiece along longitudinal roller.
5. cylinder head automatic assembly line according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the rotating mechanism also includes overall rotation Rotation mechanism;The rotating shaft of the integral-rotation mechanism is connected by bearing with base and integral-rotation mechanism rotates around the axis, described Lower floor's bottom plate is fixedly connected with the rotation platform of integral-rotation mechanism, and the integral-rotation mechanism is driven laterally by lower floor's bottom plate Roller bearing and longitudinal roller make integral planar rotation.
6. cylinder head automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The hydraulic single column press includes vertical Direction guiding rail, cross slide way, master cylinder seat, master cylinder, roller, cylinder, workbench and support for carrying subject cylinder head;
The cross slide way is fixedly mounted on the top of support, and controls cross slide way to be moved along X-direction by horizontal leading screw;
Longitudinal rail is fixed on below cross slide way, and controls longitudinal rail to be moved along Y direction by longitudinal leadscrew;
The master cylinder seat is fixed on below longitudinal rail;Transversely guide rail or longitudinal rail make X-axis to master cylinder seat or Y direction is moved It is dynamic;
Master cylinder is mounted in master cylinder seat inner chamber, and master cylinder is connected by cylinder connector with gusset piece, gusset piece by linear bearing with The connection of straight-line guidance bar and gusset piece on master cylinder seat can be made to vertically move up and down along straight-line guidance bar;
For the workbench mounted in support bottom and positioned at positioned at the lower section of master cylinder, the workbench is provided with vertical bar shaped groove, more The individual roller is arranged on the gap of groove side by side, and roller is connected by support with cylinder, and cylinder is rolled by carriage drive Cylinder makees elevating movement in the gap of groove;Roller rises to be formed for carrying and moving subject cylinder head higher than table surface Roller track, roller descend below table surface subject cylinder head be placed in table surface.
7. the method to set up of the cylinder head automatic assembly line suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine, it is characterised in that including following Step:
(1)Cylinder cover for diesel engine automatic assembly line sets gradually cylinder head first wash area, cylinder head inspection area, cylinder head pump water Part assembly section, cylinder head pump pool, cylinder head milling zone, cylinder head secondary cleaning area, cylinder head assembly section, spray painting drying Room;Above-mentioned each area, room are connected by roller conveyor;
(2)The cylinder head first wash area is used to clean, dries the cylinder cap after polishing terminates;And cylinder head first wash area is set There is first wash machine;First wash machine sets gradually high pressure washing station, wind cut position, rinsing station, wind cut position, hot air drying Dry station, and workpiece passes sequentially through high pressure washing station, wind cut position, rinsing station, wind cut position, heat by roller conveyor Wind Drying station;
(3)Whether the cylinder head inspection area is used to examine Cleaning of Parts result and product final size overproof;In order to side Just 6 faces of cylinder cap are observed, and are provided for the switching mechanism and rotating mechanism that cylinder head is overturn and turned to;
(4)The cylinder head pump wet part assembly section is used for the spiral shell for assembling the parts, i.e. all size of cylinder head hydraulic pressure test Line plug, bowl-type plug and air valve seat;Function is rotated and turn over for that can realize, is provided for the upset that cylinder head is overturn and turned to Mechanism and rotating mechanism;
(5)The cylinder head pump pool is used for cylinder head hydraulic pressure test and cylinder lid surface printing special number;Set with more rollers Conveyer forms square shape track, and water tank and water pump are provided among square shape track, water receiving tank is left below railway line, for returning The water flowed down after pump water terminates is received, is finally back in the water tank of centre;Coder uses pneumatic stamp, provided with switching mechanism By cylinder cap be turned into side it is downward when stamp;
(6)The cylinder head milling zone sets hydraulic single column press, broaching machine and grinder, when hydraulic single column press installs valve guide bushing Afterwards, valve guide bushing endoporus is twisted using broaching machine, finally grinds air valve seat valve line with grinder;
(7)The cylinder head secondary cleaning area is provided with secondary cleaning machine, caused mill iron filings after being ground for cleaning;Secondary cleaning Rinse spray station is set gradually inside machine, rinses lubrication hole station, wind cut position, vacuum drying station;
(8)Realize cylinder cap general assembly in the cylinder head assembly section;The area is provided with rotating mechanism and switching mechanism, to facilitate cylinder head Rotation, upset during assembling;
(9)The paint-spraying drying chamber is used for cylinder head surface spraying paint, drying;Paint-spraying drying chamber is using upper air, lower air-breathing Mode, heated-air drying is automated, carries circulated heated air filtration system.
8. method to set up according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Also include air accumulator;The rotating mechanism, tipper Structure, Pneumatic coding machine, grinder, and the wind cut position of first wash machine, secondary cleaning machine supply by air accumulator.
9. method to set up according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The water tank in the cylinder head pump pool is to water receiving tank structure Into circulating water flow system, and filter mechanism is provided with circulating water flow system.
CN201610437274.6A 2016-06-20 2016-06-20 Cylinder head automatic assembly line suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine CN105922005B (en)

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CN201610437274.6A CN105922005B (en) 2016-06-20 2016-06-20 Cylinder head automatic assembly line suitable for high-power marine medium seed diesel engine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106429410A (en) * 2016-10-10 2017-02-22 无锡新弘田环保技术有限公司 Multi-station spraying cleaning and drying machine

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CN104209751A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-17 南京鹏力科技有限公司 Automatic assembly production line and assembly method of air cylinder cover assembly
CN204769652U (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-11-18 广州市创智机电设备有限公司 Transmission housing surface cleaning device
CN205703217U (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-23 安庆中船动力配套有限公司 Be suitable to the cylinder head automatic assembly line of high-power marine medium seed diesel engine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4225338A1 (en) * 1992-07-31 1994-02-03 Grob Gmbh & Co Kg Assembly line for IC engine - assembles engine block from cylinder head, cylinder crankcase and conrod sub-assemblies and in the same line also assembles sub-assemblies from components
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CN103433739A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-12-11 燕山大学 Method for assembling hydrocylinder by automatic production line
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