CN105921440A - Photovoltaic panel cleaning device and cleaning method thereof - Google Patents

Photovoltaic panel cleaning device and cleaning method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105921440A
CN105921440A CN201610522781.XA CN201610522781A CN105921440A CN 105921440 A CN105921440 A CN 105921440A CN 201610522781 A CN201610522781 A CN 201610522781A CN 105921440 A CN105921440 A CN 105921440A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
leading screw
clamping
photovoltaic panel
controller
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610522781.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105921440B (en
Inventor
王俊鹏
张英
徐晓成
孙耀军
王晓燕
王萍
姜蕾
滕兴梅
于海燕
Original Assignee
国网山东省电力公司莱州市供电公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 国网山东省电力公司莱州市供电公司 filed Critical 国网山东省电力公司莱州市供电公司
Priority to CN201610522781.XA priority Critical patent/CN105921440B/en
Publication of CN105921440A publication Critical patent/CN105921440A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105921440B publication Critical patent/CN105921440B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/04Cleaning by suction, with or without auxiliary action

Abstract

The invention relates to a photovoltaic panel cleaning device which comprises a clamping part, a cleaning part, a support part and a controller, wherein the clamping part comprises a clamping support frame and a clamping component mounted on the clamping support frame; a photovoltaic panel is clamped and fixed by a left clamping plate and a right clamping plate in the clamping component; the cleaning part comprises a cleaning support frame, a brush component mounted on the cleaning support frame and comprising a brush, a dust collection component comprising a dust collector, and a positioning component comprising a positioning sensor; the upper part of the support part is connected with the cleaning part; the lower end of the support part is hinged to a rotary table which can be rotated; the rotary table is arranged on a movable support platform; the controller is mounted above the support platform; and the cleaning device is controlled to work by the controller. Meanwhile, the invention further discloses a cleaning method of the photovoltaic panel cleaning device. Through application of the photovoltaic panel cleaning device and the cleaning method, single photovoltaic panels with different cleaning heights as well as large-scale photovoltaic panels can be cleaned; the photovoltaic panel cleaning device is safe and reliable in clamping, works stably and cannot damage the photovoltaic panels easily; and meanwhile the photovoltaic panel cleaning device improves the usage rate and saves the cost.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device and clean method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device and clean method thereof.
Background technology
Solar energy photovoltaic panel is the photovoltaic effect utilizing solar cell semi-conducting material, and solar radiation can be converted directly into electric energy A kind of device.
Solar energy photovoltaic panel is owing to being chronically exposed to open air, and photovoltaic, often due to weather reason is covered with dust all over, is caused in photovoltaic panel surface The generating efficiency of plate declines to a great extent, so needing periodically to clean.In actual use, it is broadly divided into two kinds of photovoltaic Plate, a kind of is independent photovoltaic panel, the such as photovoltaic panel of solar street light class, and another kind is large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic plate, than Such as photovoltaic panel electricity generation system.The photovoltaic panel of both types is required for being cleaned, to ensure generating efficiency.
Chinese patent mandate publication number CN203108833U discloses a kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel cleaner, including power set, arm Bar, support, cleaning brush, handle and mobile vehicle, power set are arranged on the rear end of armed lever, before cleaning brush is arranged on armed lever End, support is arranged at mobile vehicle and is propped up by armed lever, and power set clean photovoltaic by actuator drives cleaning brush Plate;Cleaning brush is drum-type;Also configure that water injector and dust exhaust apparatus.Cleaning part and the photovoltaic panel of this invention cannot be relatively fixed, Manual operation easily causes cleaning part and photovoltaic panel is applied excess force that and damages photovoltaic panel, and cleaning performance judges with naked eyes, and The photovoltaic panel of eminence is cleaned helpless.
The open a kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle of knowing clearly of Chinese patent mandate publication number CN104777851A, including the car of cleaning Vehicle The Hydraulic Station of body and water tank, car body is fixed a bracing frame, and bracing frame connects one end of motion bar, motion bar another by rotating shaft A fixed block is installed by rotating shaft in end end, one end;Fixing the first hydraulic cylinder on bracing frame, the first piston bar on the first hydraulic cylinder leads to Cross rotating shaft to be arranged on motion bar;On motion bar, the position near fixed block is provided with one " people " font pole, and pole one end is fixed On fixed block, the other end is fixed on motion bar by rotating shaft, motion bar is fixed the second hydraulic cylinder, on the second hydraulic cylinder Second piston rod is fixed on pole;A fixed plate is fixed on fixed block, mounting rotary electric machine in fixed plate, turning of electric rotating machine Circular brush is installed on axle;First hydraulic cylinder, two hydraulic cylinders are respectively connecting to Hydraulic Station, and Hydraulic Station connects controller, and controller is also Electric rotating machine is connected by circuit.The cleaning part of this invention can only clean the photovoltaic panel of lower, to such as on solar street light Photovoltaic panel cannot clean.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: provide a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device and clean method thereof, it is possible to clean higher position The photovoltaic panel of monolithic, also can clean large-scale photovoltaic board system.Entrapment of the present invention is reliable, working stability, not easy damaged Photovoltaic panel.
The present invention solves its problems referred to above and be the technical scheme is that
There is provided a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device, including clamping part, cleaning part, supporting part and controller.
Described clamping part includes the clamping brace frame in O-shaped structure, on the left of described clamping brace frame, is provided with clamping motor, Main folder tight leading screw is installed on clamping motor output shaft, the clamping brace frame that leading screw tight with main folder is relative is provided with the tight silk of sub-folder Thick stick, and the tight leading screw of main folder and the tight leading screw of sub-folder be two-way leading screw, described main folder tight leading screw end is provided with clamping leading screw drivewheel, Being provided with clamping leading screw driven pulley at sub-folder tight leading screw homonymy end, a clamping screw synchronous band is fixing around being located at clamping leading screw actively On wheel and clamping leading screw driven pulley, it is achieved the tight leading screw of main folder and the tight screw synchronous of sub-folder rotate, at the tight leading screw of main folder and the tight silk of sub-folder Being provided with clamp assembly on thick stick, described clamp assembly includes left and right sides installation between the tight leading screw of main folder and the tight leading screw of sub-folder On the left grip block that can move left and right with screw turns and right grip block, described left grip block and right grip block two sides in opposite directions It is separately installed with left pressure switch and right pressure switch.
Described cleaning part is detachably mounted to above clamping part, and described cleaning part includes that the cleaning bracing frame in O-shaped structure is with clear Wash assembly, on the upside of described cleaning bracing frame, reciprocating motor be installed, motor output shaft is provided with main reciprocal leading screw, with Being provided with secondary reciprocal leading screw on the cleaning bracing frame that main reciprocal leading screw is relative, described master reciprocal leading screw two ends are separately installed with upper limit Switch and lower position switch, main reciprocal leading screw end is provided with reciprocal leading screw drivewheel, is provided with at pair reciprocal leading screw homonymy end Reciprocal leading screw driven pulley, a reciprocal screw synchronous band is around being located on reciprocal leading screw drivewheel and reciprocal leading screw driven pulley, it is achieved main past Multifilament thick stick and the reciprocal screw synchronous of pair rotate, and are provided with and can move down with on screw turns between main reciprocal leading screw and the reciprocal leading screw of pair Dynamic cleaning assembly.
Described cleaning assembly includes the installing plate moved up and down with main reciprocal leading screw and the reciprocal screw turns of pair, and installing plate is installed There are brush member, dust suction subassembly and positioning component.
Described brush member includes that installs side by side drives wheels by many groups hairbrush of hairbrush toothed belt transmission, and described hairbrush drives Wheels not-go-end is provided with hairbrush, and a hair brush motor is installed on a mounting board, and hair brush motor output shaft drives with one of which hairbrush Wheels are connected.
Described dust suction subassembly includes installing vacuum cleaner on a mounting board and by the dust suction being positioned at below installing plate connected communicating pipe Pipe, described sweep-up pipe has the uniform air suction opening towards photovoltaic panel.
Described positioning component includes the cleaning position-sensing switch being arranged on installing plate both sides, the detection part face of described cleaning position-sensing switch To photovoltaic panel install, installing plate towards photovoltaic panel one side on, the dust sensor for detecting clean-up performance is installed.
Described supporting part includes support platform, turntable, electric rotating machine, swing pinion, hoist cylinder, release oil cylinder, cleaning Regulation oil cylinder, left support arm, right support arm and crossbeam.
One end of described left support arm and right support arm is separately fixed at the both sides cleaning bracing frame, and not-go-end is connected by crossbeam, It is movably hinged with hoist cylinder top below described crossbeam, is movably hinged with cleaning regulation oil on bracing frame and hoist cylinder cleaning Cylinder, described turntable is gear structure, can be arranged on above support platform around what its center rotated, lives in the bottom of hoist cylinder Dynamic hinged being movably hinged with release oil cylinder on hoist cylinder and turntable on a spinstand, described electric rotating machine is defeated by being positioned at Swing pinion on shaft engages cooperation with turntable, it is achieved the rotation of turntable, is provided above photographic head at crossbeam.
Described controller is arranged on above support platform, and clamping motor, left pressure switch, right pressure switch, reciprocating motor, Upper limit position switch, lower position switch, hair brush motor, vacuum cleaner, cleaning position-sensing switch, dust sensor, electric rotating machine and take the photograph As head is electrically connected with controller respectively, and it is controlled by controller.
Preferably, described clamping brace frame and cleaning bracing frame use aluminum alloy material, and clamping brace frame and cleaning bracing frame can It is detachably fixedly arranged at together.
Preferably, described sweep-up pipe uses quality of rubber materials.
Preferably, described left grip block and right grip block two sides in opposite directions are provided with rubber layer.
Preferably, described photographic head is rotatable camera.
Preferably, containing monitoring screen in described controller.
Preferably, described cleaning position-sensing switch is 3 ultrasonic distance sensors, and installation parallel with installing plate.
Meanwhile, based on above a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device, present invention also offers the using method of the present invention, including as follows Step:
Step 1: early stage positions
Support platform being moved under photovoltaic panel, controller controls hoist cylinder and rises, and pushes clamping part and cleaning part rises to light Above volt plate, observed the position of clamping part and cleaning part by the rotatable camera being positioned on crossbeam at any time, cleaned by regulation Regulation oil cylinder and turntable make clamping part and cleaning part almost parallel with photovoltaic panel.
Step 2: be accurately positioned
By controller regulation hoist cylinder, clean regulation oil cylinder and release oil cylinder, make clamping part be set in around photovoltaic panel, continue Continuous slowly regulate hoist cylinder, when cleaning of being positioned on the cleaning part installing plate numerical value that position-sensing switch detects and setting numerical value away from When the most identical, i.e. cleaning part and photovoltaic panel realizes exactly parallel.
Step 3: equipment clamps
After cleaning part is the most in place, controller controls clamping motor forward clamping work, drives the tight leading screw of main folder and the tight silk of sub-folder Thick stick rotates, and makes left grip block and right grip block move, when left pressure switch and right pressure switch all detect pressure to middle direction During signal, clamping motor quits work, and makes left grip block and right grip block clamp the both sides of photovoltaic panel, prevents from cleaning the time Volt plate and cleaning part relative motion, affect cleaning effect.
Step 4: monolithic photovoltaic panel cleans
After clamping part clamps photovoltaic panel, controller controls the work of reciprocating motor forward, drives installing plate to move downward, works as peace After dress plate touches lower position switch, controller controls reciprocating motor reverse operation, drives installing plate to move upward, works as installing plate After touching upper limit position switch, controller controls the work of reciprocating motor forward, and repeats above workflow always, controls simultaneously Device controls hair brush motor work, is rotated by hairbrush Timing Belt band electric brush driving wheel group, thus band electric brush turns in photovoltaic panel Dynamic, clean dust, meanwhile, controller controls the vacuum cleaner work being positioned on installing plate, by the dust suction of uniform air suction opening Dust is siphoned away by pipe, and dust sensor monitors the dust situation in photovoltaic panel in real time simultaneously, when detecting numerical value less than setting value, Controller controls cleaning part and quits work, and when detecting numerical value more than setting value, controller controls cleaning part and continues to clean, until Meet cleaning requirement.
Step 5: polylith photovoltaic panel cleans
Being pulled down by clamping part, controller controls supporting part and moves to above photovoltaic panel by cleaning part, slowly controls supporting part motion, Carry out Distance positioning by 3 the cleaning position-sensing switches installed on a mounting board with photovoltaic panel, control cleaning part and photovoltaic panel all the time Being in equidistant parallel state, controller controls cleaning assembly and is carried out according to step 4.
Step 6: equipment departs from
After photovoltaic panel has cleaned, controller controls clamping motor and reversely unclamps work, drives the tight leading screw of main folder and the tight silk of sub-folder Thick stick rotates, and makes left grip block and right grip block move to direction, both sides, returns to initial position, and controller controls lifting oil subsequently Cylinder, cleaning regulation oil cylinder and release cylinder efficient, make clamping part and cleaning part depart from photovoltaic panel, complete cleaning operation.
Implement a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device and the clean method thereof of the present invention, have the advantages that
1, can select to clean monolithic or polylith photovoltaic panel, improve the utilization rate of equipment, saved cost.
2, monolithic photovoltaic panel can be made to fix and clean by clamping part, prevent photovoltaic panel from rocking with the relative of cleaning section, improve Cleaning quality.
3, by the ultrasonic distance sensor carried, it is possible to prevent the cleaning part pressing to photovoltaic panel, protects photovoltaic panel.
4, by the dust sensor carried, system automatic decision cleaning performance, and determine scavenging period, alleviate workman's workload.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described;
Fig. 1 is the scheme of installation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the clamping section schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the cleaning part schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the cleaning assembly front view schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the cleaning assembly upward view schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
In accompanying drawing:
1, clamping part,
11, clamping brace frame,
12, clamping motor, 13, the tight leading screw of main folder, 14, the tight leading screw of sub-folder, 15, clamp assembly
16, clamping leading screw drivewheel, 17, clamping leading screw driven pulley, 18, clamping screw synchronous band,
151, left grip block, 152, right grip block, 153, left pressure switch, 154, right pressure switch,
2, cleaning part,
21, bracing frame is cleaned,
22, reciprocating motor, 23, main reciprocal leading screw, 231, upper limit position switch, 233, lower position switch, 24, secondary toward multifilament Thick stick,
25, cleaning assembly,
251, installing plate, 252, brush member, 253, dust suction subassembly, 254, positioning component
2521, hair brush motor, 2522, hairbrush drive wheels, 2523, hairbrush, 2524, hairbrush Timing Belt,
2531, vacuum cleaner, 2533, communicating pipe, 2534, sweep-up pipe, 2535, air suction opening
2541, position-sensing switch is cleaned, 2542, dust sensor,
26, reciprocal leading screw drivewheel, 27, reciprocal leading screw driven pulley, 28, reciprocal screw synchronous band,
3, supporting part,
31, support platform, 32, turntable, 321, electric rotating machine, 322, swing pinion, 33, hoist cylinder, 34, release Drain the oil cylinder, 35, clean regulation oil cylinder, 36, left support arm, 37, right support arm, 38, crossbeam,
4, controller, 41, photographic head;
5, photovoltaic panel
Detailed description of the invention
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further detailed explanation.These accompanying drawings are the schematic diagram of simplification, only with signal side The basic structure of the formula explanation present invention, therefore it only shows the composition relevant with the present invention.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device, including clamping part 1, cleaning part 2, supporting part 3 and controller 4。
As it is shown on figure 3, clamping part 1 includes the clamping brace frame 11 in O-shaped structure, on the left of clamping brace frame 11, install There is clamping motor 12, clamping motor 12 output shaft is provided with the tight leading screw of main folder 13, in the relative clamping of leading screw 13 tight with main folder Being provided with the tight leading screw of sub-folder 14 on bracing frame 11, and the tight leading screw of main folder 13 and the tight leading screw of sub-folder 14 are two-way leading screw, main folder is tight Leading screw end is provided with clamping leading screw drivewheel 16, is provided with clamping leading screw driven pulley 17, a folder at sub-folder tight leading screw homonymy end Tight screw synchronous band 18 is fixing around being located on clamping leading screw drivewheel 16 and clamping leading screw driven pulley 17, it is achieved the tight leading screw of main folder 13 and sub-folder tight leading screw 14 synchronous axial system, the tight leading screw of main folder 13 and the tight leading screw of sub-folder 14 are provided with clamp assembly 15, folder Tight assembly 15 include that between the tight leading screw of main folder 13 and the tight leading screw of sub-folder 14 left and right sides installs can with screw turns left and right Pacify respectively on the left grip block 151 of movement and right grip block 152, left grip block 151 and right grip block 152 two sides in opposite directions Equipped with left pressure switch 153 and right pressure switch 154.
Further, left grip block 151 and right grip block 152 two sides in opposite directions are provided with rubber layer.
As shown in Figure 4, cleaning part 2 is detachably mounted to above clamping part 1, and cleaning part 2 includes the cleaning in O-shaped structure Bracing frame 21 and cleaning assembly 25, cleaning on the upside of bracing frame 21, be provided with reciprocating motor 22, motor output shaft is provided with Main reciprocal leading screw 23, is provided with secondary reciprocal leading screw 24 on the cleaning bracing frame 21 relative with main reciprocal leading screw 23, main toward multifilament Thick stick 23 two ends are separately installed with upper limit position switch 231 and lower position switch 233, and main reciprocal leading screw 23 end is provided with toward multifilament Thick stick drivewheel 26, is provided with reciprocal leading screw driven pulley 27 at pair reciprocal leading screw 24 homonymy end, a reciprocal screw synchronous band 28 around It is located on reciprocal leading screw drivewheel 26 and reciprocal leading screw driven pulley 27, it is achieved main reciprocal leading screw 23 and the reciprocal leading screw of pair 24 synchronize Rotate, between main reciprocal leading screw 23 and the reciprocal leading screw of pair 24, the cleaning assembly 25 that can move up and down with screw turns is installed.
Further, clamping brace frame 11 and cleaning bracing frame 21 use aluminum alloy material, and clamping brace frame 11 and cleaning are propped up Support 21 is detachably mounted to together.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, cleaning assembly 25 includes rotating with main reciprocal leading screw 23 and the reciprocal leading screw of pair 24 and moves up and down Installing plate 251, installing plate 251 is provided with brush member 252, dust suction subassembly 253 and positioning component 254.
Brush member 252 includes that installs side by side drives wheels 2522, hair by many groups hairbrush of hairbrush Timing Belt 2524 transmission Brush drives wheels 2522 not-go-end to be provided with hairbrush 2523, and a hair brush motor 2521 is arranged on installing plate 251, and hair brush motor 2521 output shafts drive wheels 2522 to be connected with one of which hairbrush.
Dust suction subassembly 253 includes the vacuum cleaner 2531 being arranged on installing plate 251 and is positioned at peace by connect communicating pipe 2533 Sweep-up pipe 2534 below dress plate 251, sweep-up pipe 2534 has the uniform air suction opening 2535 towards photovoltaic panel 5.
Further, sweep-up pipe 2534 uses quality of rubber materials.
Positioning component 254 includes the cleaning position-sensing switch 2541 being arranged on installing plate 251 both sides, cleans position-sensing switch 2541 Detection part is installed towards photovoltaic panel 5, installing plate 251 towards photovoltaic panel 5 one side on, be provided with for detecting clean-up performance Dust sensor 2542.
Further, cleaning position-sensing switch 2541 is 3 ultrasonic distance sensors, and installation parallel with installing plate 251.
As it is shown in figure 1, supporting part 3 includes support platform 31, turntable 32, electric rotating machine 321, swing pinion 322, rises Fall oil cylinder 33, release oil cylinder 34, cleaning regulation oil cylinder 35, left support arm 36, right support arm 37 and crossbeam 38.
One end of left support arm 36 and right support arm 37 is separately fixed at the both sides cleaning bracing frame 21, and not-go-end passes through crossbeam 38 It is connected, is movably hinged with hoist cylinder 33 top below crossbeam 38, movable cleaning on bracing frame 21 and hoist cylinder 33 Being hinged with cleaning regulation oil cylinder 35, turntable 32 is gear structure, can be arranged in support platform 31 around what its center rotated Side, the bottom of hoist cylinder 33 is movably articulated on turntable 32, is movably hinged with on hoist cylinder 33 and turntable 32 Release oil cylinder 34, electric rotating machine 321 engages cooperation by the swing pinion 322 that is positioned on output shaft with turntable, it is achieved rotation The rotation of platform 32, is provided above photographic head 41 at crossbeam 38.
Further, photographic head 41 is rotatable camera.
Controller 4 is arranged on above support platform 31, and clamping motor 12, left pressure switch 153, right pressure switch 154, Reciprocating motor 22, upper limit position switch 231, lower position switch 233, hair brush motor 2521, vacuum cleaner 2531, cleaning location are opened Close 2541, dust sensor 2542, electric rotating machine 321 and photographic head 41 to be electrically connected with controller 4 respectively, and by control Device 4 processed is controlled.
Further, containing monitoring screen in controller 4.
Further, for a better understanding of the present invention, additionally provide the using method of the present invention, comprise the steps:
Step 1: early stage positions
Support platform 31 is moved to photovoltaic panel 5 times, and controller 4 controls hoist cylinder 33 and rises, and pushes clamping part 1 with clear Wash portion 2 and rise to above photovoltaic panel 5, observe clamping part 1 at any time with clear by the rotatable camera 41 being positioned on crossbeam 38 Wash the position in portion 2, clean regulation oil cylinder 35 by regulation and turntable 32 makes clamping part 1 and cleaning part 2 big with photovoltaic panel 5 Cause parallel.
Step 2: be accurately positioned
Regulate hoist cylinder 33 by controller 4, clean regulation oil cylinder 35 and release oil cylinder 34, make clamping part 1 be set in light Around volt plate 5, continue slowly regulation hoist cylinder 33, when the cleaning position-sensing switch 2541 being positioned on cleaning part 2 installing plate 251 When the numerical value detected is the most identical with the numerical distance of setting, i.e. cleaning part 2 realizes exactly parallel with photovoltaic panel 5.
Step 3: equipment clamps
After cleaning part 2 is the most in place, controller 4 controls clamping motor 12 forward clamping work, drives the tight leading screw of main folder 13 Leading screw 14 tight with sub-folder rotates, and makes left grip block 151 and right grip block 152 move, when left pressure switch 153 to middle direction When all pressure signal being detected with right pressure switch 154, clamping motor 12 quits work, and makes left grip block 151 and right grip block 152 both sides clamping photovoltaic panel 5, prevent photovoltaic panel 5 and cleaning part 2 relative motion when cleaning, affect cleaning effect.
Step 4: monolithic photovoltaic panel cleans
After clamping part 1 clamps photovoltaic panel 5, controller 4 control reciprocating motor 22 forward work, drive installing plate 251 to Lower motion, after installing plate 251 touches lower position switch 233, controller 4 controls reciprocating motor 22 reverse operation, drives Installing plate 251 moves upward, and after installing plate 251 touches upper limit position switch 231, controller 4 is just controlling reciprocating motor 22 To work, and repeating above workflow, controller 4 controls hair brush motor 2521 and works, by hairbrush Timing Belt simultaneously always 2524 band electric brush driving wheel groups 2522 rotate, thus band electric brush 2523 rotates in photovoltaic panel 5, clean dust, with this Meanwhile, the vacuum cleaner 2531 that controller 4 controls to be positioned on installing plate 251 works, by the sweep-up pipe of uniform air suction opening 2535 Dust is siphoned away by 2534, and dust sensor 2542 monitors the dust situation in photovoltaic panel 5 in real time simultaneously, when detection numerical value is less than During setting value, controller 4 controls cleaning part 2 and quits work, and when detecting numerical value more than setting value, controller 4 controls to clean Portion 2 continues to clean, until meeting cleaning requirement.
Step 5: polylith photovoltaic panel cleans
Being pulled down by clamping part 1, controller 4 controls supporting part 3 and moves to above photovoltaic panel 5 by cleaning part 2, slowly controls to prop up Moving in support part 3, carries out Distance positioning by 3 cleaning position-sensing switches 2541 and the photovoltaic panel 5 being arranged on installing plate 251, All the time controlling cleaning part 2 and be in equidistant parallel state with photovoltaic panel 5, controller 4 controls cleaning assembly 25 according to monolithic photovoltaic panel Step is carried out.
Step 6: equipment departs from
After photovoltaic panel 5 has cleaned, controller 4 controls clamping motor 12 and reversely unclamps work, drives the tight leading screw of main folder 13 Leading screw 14 tight with sub-folder rotates, and makes left grip block 151 and right grip block 152 move to direction, both sides, returns to initial position, Controller 4 controls hoist cylinder 33 subsequently, cleaning regulates oil cylinder 35 and release oil cylinder 34 works, and makes clamping part 1 and cleaning part 2 depart from photovoltaic panel 5, complete cleaning operation.
In sum, only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not it is used for limiting the scope of the present invention, is said by above-mentioned Bright content, relevant staff completely can in the range of without departing from this invention technological thought, carry out various change and Amendment.The content that the technical scope of this invention is not limited in description, the shape described in all claimed ranges under this invention The so-called impartial change of shape, structure, feature and spirit with modify, all should include with in scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (8)

1. a photovoltaic panel cleaning device, it is characterised in that:
Including clamping part (1), cleaning part (2), supporting part (3) and controller (4);
Described clamping part (1) includes the clamping brace frame (11) in O-shaped structure, in described clamping brace frame (11) left side, Clamping motor (12) is installed, clamping motor (12) output shaft is provided with the tight leading screw of main folder (13), at leading screw tight with main folder (13) the tight leading screw of sub-folder (14) is installed on relative clamping brace frame (11), and the tight leading screw of main folder (13) and the tight silk of sub-folder Thick stick (14) is two-way leading screw, and described main folder tight leading screw end is provided with clamping leading screw drivewheel (16), at sub-folder tight leading screw homonymy End be provided with clamping leading screw driven pulley (17), one clamping screw synchronous band (18) around be located at clamping leading screw drivewheel (16) and In clamping leading screw driven pulley (17), it is achieved the tight leading screw of main folder (13) and sub-folder tight leading screw (14) synchronous axial system, tight in main folder Being provided with clamp assembly (15) on leading screw (13) and the tight leading screw of sub-folder (14), described clamp assembly (15) includes being positioned at main folder The tight left grip block that can move left and right with screw turns that between leading screw (13) and the tight leading screw of sub-folder (14), the left and right sides is installed (151) and pacify respectively on right grip block (152), described left grip block (151) and right grip block (152) two sides in opposite directions Equipped with left pressure switch (153) and right pressure switch (154);
Described cleaning part (2) is detachably mounted to clamping part (1) top, and described cleaning part (2) includes in O-shaped structure Clean bracing frame (21) and cleaning assembly (25), in described cleaning bracing frame (21) upside, reciprocating motor (22) be installed, Main reciprocal leading screw (23) is installed, in cleaning bracing frame (21) the upper peace relative with main reciprocal leading screw (23) on motor output shaft Equipped with the reciprocal leading screw of pair (24), described master reciprocal leading screw (23) two ends are separately installed with upper limit position switch (231) and lower limit Switch (233), main reciprocal leading screw (23) end is provided with reciprocal leading screw drivewheel (26), at pair reciprocal leading screw (24) homonymy End is provided with reciprocal leading screw driven pulley (27), a reciprocal screw synchronous band (28) around be located at reciprocal leading screw drivewheel (26) and On reciprocal leading screw driven pulley (27), it is achieved main reciprocal leading screw (23) and pair reciprocal leading screw (24) synchronous axial system, main reciprocal The cleaning assembly (25) that can move up and down with screw turns is installed between leading screw (23) and the reciprocal leading screw of pair (24);
Described cleaning assembly (25) includes the peace rotating with main reciprocal leading screw (23) and the reciprocal leading screw of pair (24) and moving up and down Dress plate (251), installing plate (251) is provided with brush member (252), dust suction subassembly (253) and positioning component (254);
Described brush member (252) includes that installs side by side drives wheels by many groups hairbrush of hairbrush Timing Belt (2524) transmission (2522), described hairbrush drives wheels (2522) not-go-end to be provided with hairbrush (2523), and a hair brush motor (2521) is arranged on On installing plate (251), and hair brush motor (2521) output shaft drives wheels (2522) to be connected with one of which hairbrush;
Described dust suction subassembly (253) includes the vacuum cleaner (2531) being arranged on installing plate (251) and by communicating pipe (2533) The sweep-up pipe (2534) being positioned at installing plate (251) lower section connected, described sweep-up pipe (2534) has towards photovoltaic panel (5) Uniform air suction opening (2535);
Described positioning component (254) includes the cleaning position-sensing switch (2541) being arranged on installing plate (251) both sides, described cleaning The detection part of position-sensing switch (2541) is installed towards photovoltaic panel (5), at installing plate (251) towards photovoltaic panel (5) simultaneously On, the dust sensor (2542) for detecting clean-up performance is installed;
Described supporting part (3) include support platform (31), turntable (32), electric rotating machine (321), swing pinion (322), Hoist cylinder (33), release oil cylinder (34), clean regulation oil cylinder (35), left support arm (36), right support arm (37) and Crossbeam (38);
One end of described left support arm (36) and right support arm (37) is separately fixed at the both sides cleaning bracing frame (21), only End is connected by crossbeam (38), and described crossbeam (38) lower section is movably hinged with hoist cylinder (33) top, props up cleaning Being movably hinged with cleaning regulation oil cylinder (35) between support (21) and hoist cylinder (33), described turntable (32) is gear Structure, can be arranged on support platform (31) top around what its center rotated, and the bottom of hoist cylinder (33) is movably articulated in On turntable (32), between hoist cylinder (33) and turntable (32), it is movably hinged with release oil cylinder (34), described rotation Rotating motor (321) engages cooperation by the swing pinion (322) that is positioned on output shaft with turntable, it is achieved turntable (32) Rotation, be provided above photographic head (41) at crossbeam (38);
Described controller (4) be arranged on support platform (31) top, and clamping motor (12), left pressure switch (153), Right pressure switch (154), reciprocating motor (22), upper limit position switch (231), lower position switch (233), hair brush motor (2521), Vacuum cleaner (2531), cleaning position-sensing switch (2541), dust sensor (2542), electric rotating machine (321) and photographic head (41) It is electrically connected with controller (4) respectively, and is controlled by controller (4), described controller (4) programmable control Described clamping motor (12), left pressure switch (153), right pressure switch (154), reciprocating motor (22), upper limit position switch (231), lower position switch (233), hair brush motor (2521), vacuum cleaner (2531), cleaning position-sensing switch (2541), ash Dust sensor (2542), electric rotating machine (321) and the work of photographic head (41).
2. photovoltaic panel cleaning device as claimed in claim 1 a kind of, it is characterised in that: described clamping brace frame (11) and clearly Wash bracing frame (21) and use aluminum alloy material, and clamping brace frame (11) and cleaning bracing frame (21) are detachably mounted to Together.
3. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described sweep-up pipe (2534) uses rubber Glue material.
4. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described left grip block (151) and the right side Grip block (152) two sides in opposite directions are provided with rubber layer.
5. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described photographic head (41) is rotatable Photographic head.
6. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: containing prison in described controller (4) Control screen.
7. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described cleaning position-sensing switch (2541) Be 3 ultrasonic distance sensors, and with installing plate (251) parallel installation.
8. the clean method of the use a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device as described in claim 1-7 is arbitrary, comprises the steps:
Step 1: early stage positions
Support platform (31) being moved under photovoltaic panel (5), controller (4) controls hoist cylinder (33) and rises, and pushes Clamping part (1) and cleaning part (2) rise to photovoltaic panel (5) top, by being positioned at the rotatable camera on crossbeam (38) (41) observe clamping part (1) and the position of cleaning part (2) at any time, clean regulation oil cylinder (35) and turntable by regulation (32) make clamping part (1) and cleaning part (2) almost parallel with photovoltaic panel (5).
Step 2: be accurately positioned
By controller (4) regulation hoist cylinder (33), clean regulation oil cylinder (35) and release oil cylinder (34), make clamping part (1) it is set in photovoltaic panel (5) around, continues slowly to regulate hoist cylinder (33), when being positioned at cleaning part (2) installing plate (251) On the numerical value that detects of cleaning position-sensing switch (2541) the most identical with the numerical distance of setting time, i.e. cleaning part (2) and photovoltaic Plate (5) realizes exactly parallel.
Step 3: equipment clamps
After cleaning part (2) is the most in place, controller (4) controls the clamping work of clamping motor (12) forward, drives main folder Tight leading screw (13) and the tight leading screw of sub-folder (14) rotate, and make left grip block (151) and right grip block (152) to middle direction Motion, when left pressure switch (153) and right pressure switch (154) all detect pressure signal, clamping motor (12) stops Only work, makes left grip block (151) and right grip block (152) clamp the both sides of photovoltaic panel (5), prevents from cleaning the time Volt plate (5) and cleaning part (2) relative motion, affect cleaning effect.
Step 4: photovoltaic panel cleans
After clamping part (1) clamps photovoltaic panel (5), controller (4) controls the work of reciprocating motor (22) forward, drives Installing plate (251) moves downward, and after installing plate (251) touches lower position switch (233), controller (4) controls Reciprocating motor (22) reverse operation, drives installing plate (251) to move upward, opens when installing plate (251) touches upper limit After closing (231), controller (4) controls the work of reciprocating motor (22) forward, and repeats above workflow, simultaneously always Controller (4) controls hair brush motor (2521) work, by hairbrush Timing Belt (2524) band electric brush driving wheel group (2522) Rotating, thus band electric brush (2523) is in the upper rotation of photovoltaic panel (5), clean dust, meanwhile, controller (4) is controlled Vacuum cleaner (2531) work that system is positioned on installing plate (251), by the sweep-up pipe (2534) of uniform air suction opening (2535) Being siphoned away by dust, dust sensor (2542) monitors the dust situation in photovoltaic panel (5) in real time simultaneously, when detection numerical value is less than During setting value, controller (4) controls cleaning part (2) and quits work, when detecting numerical value more than setting value, and controller (4) Control cleaning part (2) to continue to clean, until meeting cleaning requirement.
Step 5: equipment departs from
After photovoltaic panel (5) has cleaned, controller (4) controls clamping motor (12) and reversely unclamps work, drives main folder Tight leading screw (13) and the tight leading screw of sub-folder (14) rotate, and make left grip block (151) and right grip block (152) to direction, both sides Motion, returns to initial position, and controller (4) controls hoist cylinder (33), cleans regulation oil cylinder (35) and release subsequently Oil cylinder (34) works, and makes clamping part (1) and cleaning part (2) depart from photovoltaic panel (5), completes cleaning operation.
CN201610522781.XA 2016-07-04 2016-07-04 A kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device and its clean method CN105921440B (en)

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CN106563651A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-04-19 安徽新荣钢构有限公司 Multi-degree of freedom forklift for metal surface treatment
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CN109756711B (en) * 2019-02-02 2020-09-08 中交机电工程局有限公司 Urban rail transit recording equipment
CN110762470A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-02-07 诸暨平措照明科技有限公司 Solar street lamp with long-term guarantee conversion efficiency

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