CN105918660A - Cow feed additive and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Cow feed additive and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105918660A
CN105918660A CN201610273782.5A CN201610273782A CN105918660A CN 105918660 A CN105918660 A CN 105918660A CN 201610273782 A CN201610273782 A CN 201610273782A CN 105918660 A CN105918660 A CN 105918660A
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parts
herba
fresh goods
feed additive
radix
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袁国防
李娜
张霖
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Qingdao Haizhixing Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Qingdao Haizhixing Biotechnology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a cow feed additive and a preparation method thereof. The cow feed additive is prepared from mangosteen shell, a purslane fresh product, indigo naturalis, Rabdosia rubescens, herba houttuyniae, Caesalpinia cucullata, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu, fresh ginseng fruits, coptis root, roasted radix licorice, uniflower swisscentaury root, leaves of Zanthoxylum nitidum, fresh aloe, bunge corydalis herb and abrus cantoniensis hance. The cow feed additive is prepared from mangosteen shell as a main raw material and realizes waste mangosteen shell full use. The preparation method has simple processes. The cow feed additive fully supplies trace elements and vitamins for feed, improves a milk yield, reduces cow mastitis morbidity, effectively prevents antibiotic and hormone use, prevents milk product pollution and guarantees milk product easting safety.

Description

A kind of cow feed additive and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to feed additive, particularly to a kind of cow feed additive and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Garcinia mangostana is also referred to as garcinia mangostana, is to originate in Malay tropical fruit (tree), and fruit is oblateness, and shell is deep Purple, has four fruit end to cover on fruit, it appears that as Fructus Kaki.Peel is the most abundant, opens shell, can To see that the as white as polished jade sarcocarp of a few lobe is close together, just as a Bulbus Allii head.Garcinia mangostana taste is fresh and sweet, The sweet perfume (or spice) of abnormal smells from the patient, lubrication of tasting is good to eat, recovers from fatigue and quenches the thirst, and body is mended in hair growth promoting, therefore obtains " after Guo " Good name.The peel of Garcinia mangostana also contains abundant nutritional labeling, but its taste is sour and astringent, therefore, often by directly Abandon, cause the waste of resource.Although also there being the red pigment in extraction and application mangosteen skin effectively to become with other The research divided, but often extracting method is complex, and the garbage produced is more, raw material availability Low.Lack Application way more abundant to mangosteen skin, simple at present.
Mastitis is the most common disease of milch cow, and mammitis of cow is the inflammation of mammary parenchyma, interstitial.Sick Because how to be immersed and caused by chemistry, physical injury by mechanical irritation, pathogenic microorganism.Mastitis is right Cattle farm harm is maximum, throw people's expenses for medicine at most, prevent and treat the disease being most difficult to, and is listed in the four big diseases of milch cow One of., the sickness rate of countries in the world mammitis of cow is 20-60%, reaches as high as about 80%.I The sickness rate of state's mammitis of cow is typically at about 15%-40%, and at present, dairy farmer is normal to mammitis of cow etc. See the treatment of disease, it is common to use antibiotic, although achieve preferable effect, but the thing followed It is that drug residue problem, the resistance problems of pathogen, environmental problem and human health etc. are a series of to ask Topic.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of cow feed additive and preparation method thereof, this feedstuff adds Agent prepares using mangosteen skin as primary raw material, makes the mangosteen skin discarded be fully utilized, and preparation side Method is simple, and it can fully provide trace element required in feedstuff and vitamin as feed additive, Meanwhile, improve milk yield, reduce the sickness rate of mammitis of cow, be prevented effectively from the thing such as antibiotic, hormone The use of matter, it is to avoid the pollution of dairy products, it is ensured that the edible safety of dairy products.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme that the present invention provides is as follows:
A kind of cow feed additive, raw material composition and the parts by weight of making described feed additive are: Mangosteen skin 45-60 part, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 15-25 part, Indigo Naturalis 6-10 part, Rabdosia rubescens 9-12 part, fish Raw meat grass 9-12 part, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 6-8 part, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu 4-6 part, Herba Herminii fresh goods 15-20 part, Rhizoma Coptidis 4-6 Part, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 8-12 part, Radix Rhapontici 6-8 part, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf 6-10 part, Aloe fresh goods 8-12 part, bitter Herba Violae 5-8 part, Herba Abri 3-6 part.
Further, make described feed additive raw material composition and parts by weight be: mangosteen skin 45 parts, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 15 parts, Indigo Naturalis 6 parts, Rabdosia rubescens 9 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 9 parts, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 6 parts, rice-pudding cake 4 parts of leaf, Herba Herminii fresh goods 15 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 4 parts, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 8 parts, Radix Rhapontici 6 parts, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf 6 Part, Aloe fresh goods 8 parts, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 5 parts, Herba Abri 3 parts.
Further, make described feed additive raw material composition and parts by weight be: mangosteen skin 60 parts, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 25 parts, Indigo Naturalis 10 parts, Rabdosia rubescens 12 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 12 parts, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 8 parts, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu 6 parts, Herba Herminii fresh goods 20 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 6 parts, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 12 parts, Radix Rhapontici 8 parts, two sides Needle 10 parts, Aloe fresh goods 12 parts, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 8 parts, Herba Abri 6 parts.
Further, make described feed additive raw material composition and parts by weight be: mangosteen skin 56 parts, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 20 parts, Indigo Naturalis 8 parts, Rabdosia rubescens 11 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 10 parts, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 7 parts, rice-pudding 5 parts of cake leaf, Herba Herminii fresh goods 17 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 5 parts, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 10 parts, Radix Rhapontici 7 parts, Radix Zanthoxyli 8 parts of leaf, Aloe fresh goods 10 parts, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 6 parts, Herba Abri 5 parts.
The preparation method of above-mentioned cow feed additive, comprises the following steps:
(1) Indigo Naturalis, Rabdosia rubescens, Herba Houttuyniae, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu, Rhizoma Coptidis, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata, Radix Rhapontici, Shinyleaf pricklyash leaf, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae, Herba Abri pulverize to obtain 80 mesh mixed-powders, and gained mixed-powder adds gross mass The water soaking that multiple is 4 times 1 hour, slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, cross 500 mesh drainage screens after decoction and must filter Liquid, the again water soaking of addition mixed-powder gross mass multiple 4 times 0.5 hour, slow fire boiling 1 hour Rear mistake 500 mesh drainage screen obtains filtrate, merges twice gained filtrate and adds in low-temperature vacuum thickener, low temperature Concentrating the thick paste that (less than 40 DEG C) to relative density is 1.35 ± 0.02 (30 DEG C), gained thick paste vacuum is cold Lyophilizing is dry, and 100 mesh powders A pulverized to obtain by gained solid;
(2) mangosteen skin, Herba Portulacae fresh goods, Herba Herminii fresh goods, Aloe fresh goods are cleaned after being cut into small pieces, very Vacuum freecing-dry obtains solid, pulverizes gained solid and obtains 100 mesh powder B;
(3) by the powders A of step (1) gained and the powder B mix homogeneously of step (2) gained and get final product Cow feed additive.
Using method: the feed additive of the present invention is added in concentrated feed, each former in described concentrated feed The mass percent of material is: soybean cake 32.7%-35.5%, salt 1%-2%, calcium phosphate 0.8%-1.2%, this Bright feed additive 2.7%-3.6%, surplus is Semen Maydis.
The raw materials used characteristic of the present invention is as follows:
Mangosteen skin: Garcinia mangostana contains rich in protein and lipid, has effect of well taking a tonic or nourishing food to build up one's health to body, right Weak, malnutrition, there is an effect of well taking good care of after being ill, mangosteen skin slightly cool in nature is diminishing inflammation, removing pain, clear Thermal detoxification, dampness removing and anti-diarrhea effect, mangosteen skin is rich in tannic acid, and tannic acid is to clinical common isolated strains As staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus epidermidis, staphylococcus haemolyticus, enterococcus faecalis, enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella Pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter bauamnnii etc. have antibacterial action and Can affect biomembranous formation, mangosteen skin is rich in procyanidin, and it is special that procyanidin is that one has The bioflavonoids of molecular structure, is the maximally effective sky of removing people's interior free yl generally acknowledged the most in the world So antioxidant, procyanidin can strengthen blood capillary, tremulous pulse and vein blood vessel, and it has detumescenceization to become silted up Effect, the drag reduction of blood capillary and permeability improve, and make cell be easier to absorb nutrient and eliminating Refuse, procyanidin can be with water solublity in scavenger cell film and fat-soluble free radical, therefore, it is suppressed that Discharging some enzyme and go to injure the process of capillary wall, procyanidin suppression produces the enzyme that histamine needs, anti- Only generate histamine, thus dephlogistication;
Herba Portulacae: cold in nature, sweet in the mouth acid, enter the heart, liver, spleen, large intestine channel, have that removing dampness is antipruritic, heat clearing away Detumescence, heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, diuretic dries, and dissipates blood detumescence, dust-collection sterilization, anti-inflammatory analgetic, and stop blooding removing heat from blood Effect.Herba Portulacae has stronger inhibitory action to dysentery bacterium, Bacillus typhi and escherichia coli, can be used for The auxiliary treatment of various inflammation, have the title of " natural antibiotics ", and Herba Portulacae is also rich in vitamin C simultaneously, Vitamin C has good antioxidation can be with whitening nourishes rough skin, and modern medicine finds, Herba Portulacae There are higher nutritive value and medical value, except containing conventional proteins,vitamins,and minerals etc. Outside nutrient, Herba Portulacae is possibly together with unique bioactive ingredients, it is possible to strengthen Human Epithelial Cells Activity, help lend some impetus to ulcer and healing;
Indigo Naturalis: salty, cold, heat clearing away, removing heat from blood, removing toxic substances, mass dissipating and swelling eliminating, control epidemic febrile disease intenseness of heat, macule, tell Blood, spitting of blood, pediatric epilepsy scared, skin ulcer swells, and erysipelas, snake bite and insect sting, Indigo Naturalis alcohol immersion is in vitro to anthrax bar Bacterium, streptococcus pneumoniae, shigella, vibrio cholera, staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus albus All there is inhibitory action;
Rabdosia rubescens: bitter in the mouth, sweet, cold nature, return lung, stomach, Liver Channel, there is heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, only invigorate blood circulation Effect of pain, cures mainly laryngopharynx swelling and pain, tonsillitis, headache due to common cold, tracheitis, chronic hepatitis, joint Rheumatalgia, snake bite and insect sting etc. are demonstrate,proved, and can effectively suppress A type, beta hemolytic streptococcus, golden yellow Portugal Grape coccus etc., thus improve human body resistance, reduce rapidly the leukocyte caused because of inflammation and increase;
Herba Houttuyniae: pungent, is slightly cold, and returns lung meridian, heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, eliminating carbuncle evacuation of pus, and inducing diuresis for treating stranguria syndrome, for lung Carbuncle vomiting pus, expectorant dyspnea of heat type coughs, hematodiarrhoea, pyretic stranguria, carbuncle sore tumefacting virus;
Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii: pungent, temperature, expelling wind and cold, relaxing muscles and tendons to promote blood circulation, analgesia, control cough due to wind and cold, rheumatic numbness, Traumatic injury, traumatic hemorrhage, constipation;
Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu: sweet in the mouth, light, cold nature, heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, cooling blood for hemostasis, diuresis, main cold, fever, Dysentery, spits blood, epistaxis, metrorrhagia, oral lesions, hoarseness, dysuria;
Herba Herminii: sweet in the mouth, warm in nature, kidney and spleen invigorating, regulating menstruation and activating blood, removing toxic substances, main dizzy insomnia, irritated Thirsty, anorexia, menoxenia, venom, Herba Herminii has low sugar, high protein and rich in many Kind of vitamin, aminoacid and the feature of trace element, the height of its selenium constituent content, China's Vegetable, In fruit variety, exception is the most rare;
Rhizoma Coptidis: bitter in the mouth, cold, heat clearing and damp drying, eliminating fire and detoxication, anti-inflammation, for damp and hot feeling of fullness, vomit Tell acid regurgitation, dysentery, jaundice, unconsciousness due to high fever, hyperactivity of heart-fire, dysphoria and insomnia, heat in blood tells nosebleed, conjunctival congestion, Toothache, quenches one's thirst, carbuncle furuncle, external treatment eczema, eczema, and auditory meatus is suppurated, and Rhizoma Coptidis (processed with wine) is apt to the clear part of the body cavity above the diaphragm housing the heart and lungs intimately, For conjunctival congestion, aphtha, prepared RHIZOMA COPTIDIS with rhizoma zingiberis recens juice clearing stomach stomach function regulating preventing or arresting vomiting, tying mutually for cold and heat, damp and hot middle resistance, feeling of fullness is vomitted Telling, cornel Rhizoma Coptidis soothing liver-QI stomach function regulating preventing or arresting vomiting, for incoordination between the liver and stomach, vomit acid regurgitation, Rhizoma Coptidis and Radix Glycyrrhizae are share can be bright The effect of aobvious its anti-Staphylococcus aureus of gain;
Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata: containing multiple chemical compositions such as glycyrrhizin, enoxolone, Angelica Polysaccharide, have anti- Inflammation and anti-allergy action, scalable body's immunity, antitumor and analgesic effect, therefore process sweet The primary efficacy of grass is and middle emergency, lung moistening, removing toxic substances, coordinating the actions of various ingredients in a prescription.
Radix Rhapontici: bitter in the mouth, cold in nature, enters stomach, large intestine channel, has heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, eliminating carbuncle, stimulating milk secretion, relaxing muscles and tendons The effect promoted blood circulation, swells and ache for acute mastitis, carbuncle carbuncle on the back, scrofula sore, galactostasis, arthralgia chiefly caused by damp pathogen contracture, Arthralgia, toxic-heat and blood stasis, bleeding hemorrhoids etc. are demonstrate,proved;
Shinyleaf pricklyash leaf: property is put down, bitter in the mouth, pungent, and promoting the circulation of QI to relieve pain, blood circulation promoting and blood stasis dispelling, dispelling wind and removing obstruction in the collateral, with controlling gas Injury from falling down, rheumatic arthralgia that stagnant blood stasis causes, have a stomachache, have a toothache, venom, the burning hot wound of external treatment soup, Shinyleaf pricklyash leaf has good antibacterial and bacteriostasis;
Aloe: pathogenic fire purging, removing toxic substances, blood stasis dispelling, parasite killing, argument is red, constipation, nebulousurine, hematuria, and children's shies Epilepsy, infantile malnutrition, burn and scald, women's amenorrhea, hemorrhoid, scabies, carbuncle furuncle and phyma poison, traumatic injury, Aloe is rich Containing vitamin and trace element, the mucus (mucin, it is simply that protein) in Aloe, is with arboran A The polysaccharides such as Baloe mannanaloetin are nucleus, and mucus class material is to prevent cell senescence and control Treat the important component of chronic allergic, mucoitin muscle and gastrointestinal mucosa of being present in human body etc., allow tissue High resilience, if liquid element is not enough, muscle and mucosa will lose elastic and stiff aging, Aloin A, Wound hormone and polysaccharide peptide manna (Ke-2) etc. have viral infection resisting, promote the work that wound healing restores With, have anti-inflammation and sterilization, heat absorption detumescence, softening skin, the function of holding cell viability, curdlan and 1-decene-1 combine also have healing wounds activity;
Herba Corydalis Bungeanae: bitter in the mouth, cold in nature, GUIXIN, liver, large intestine channel, there is heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, mass dissipating and swelling eliminating Effect, cure mainly epidemic disease flu, laryngopharynx swelling and pain, carbuncle carbuncle on the back, treat skin ulcer swell and ache wait demonstrate,prove;
Herba Abri: sweet in the mouth, hardship, cool in nature, there is clearing away heat-damp and promoting diuresis, effect of eliminating stasis to stop pain, main treatment is yellow Subcutaneous ulcer type hepatitis, stomachache, rheumatic ostalgia, traumatic injury stasis of blood pain, mastalgia etc. is demonstrate,proved.
The traditional Chinese medical science thinks the pathogenic factor of mastitis, how by wet nurse's nipple deformity, cave in, be difficult to suckling or breast Juice is difficult to be emptied manylyly and newbornly, causes galactostasis, loses breast accumulation pyogenesis;Additionally feelings age of sucking will internal injury Depression of liver-QI, the liver failing to maintain the normal flow of QI bar reaches, and makes milk discharge not smooth or eating and drinking without temperance, positive bright accumulated heat, causes meridians Blocking, pathogenic heat are pented up for pus;Also can infect evil poison due to nipple ulceration, enter inner heat-transformation, meat corruption becomes pus. Therefore, mammitis of cow to be prevented and treated need to be while pathogenic bacterium be killed in suppression, need to be in conjunction with heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, work Blood blood stasis dispelling, the method for anti-inflammatory analgetic, as the Garcinia mangostana leatherware of primary raw material of the feed additive of the present invention Have the effect of heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, anti-inflammatory analgetic, with Indigo Naturalis, Radix Rhapontici, Rabdosia rubescens, Herba Abri, Herba Houttuyniae, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae, Herba Portulacae, Aloe, Rhizoma Coptidis, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu coordinate the ability being effectively increased its heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, Coordinate mangosteen skin, Radix Rhapontici, Rabdosia rubescens, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata, Herba Portulacae, Aloe, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf, Rhizoma Coptidis improves the effect of this feed additive diminishing inflammation, removing pain, meanwhile, in mangosteen skin rich in tannic acid pair The pathogenic bacterium of mammitis of cow such as staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus epidermidis etc. have antibacterial action, permissible Affect biomembranous formation, coordinate Indigo Naturalis, Rabdosia rubescens, Herba Portulacae, Aloe, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf, Rhizoma Coptidis can Pathogenic bacterium are killed in effectively suppression, reduce the use of antibiotic, mangosteen skin also rich in procyanidin, former cyanine Element can strengthen blood capillary, tremulous pulse and vein blood vessel, and it has effect that detumescenceization is become silted up, blood capillary Drag reduction and permeability improve, and make cell be easier to absorb nutrient and get rid of refuse, and procyanidin is permissible Water solublity and fat-soluble free radical in scavenger cell film, it is suppressed that discharge some enzyme and go to injure blood capillary The process of wall, procyanidin suppression produces the enzyme that histamine needs, and prevents from generating histamine, thus dephlogistication, Coordinate with Indigo Naturalis, Radix Rhapontici, Rabdosia rubescens, Herba Abri, Herba Houttuyniae, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf Good function of promoting blood circulation to disperse blood clots, the comprehensive synergism of each raw material can be played, can effectively prevent and treat cow breast Inflammation, mangosteen skin, Herba Houttuyniae, Herba Portulacae, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu also have the effect of diuresis toxin expelling, can promote milch cow Drug disposition residual component and toxin are discharged by urine, it is ensured that the food safety of its produced milk.
The invention have the benefit that and the invention provides a kind of cow feed additive and preparation method thereof, This feed additive prepares using mangosteen skin as primary raw material, makes the mangosteen skin discarded be fully utilized, And preparation method is simple, it can fully provide trace element required in feedstuff as feed additive And vitamin, meanwhile, improve milk yield, reduce mammitis of cow sickness rate, be prevented effectively from antibiotic, The use of the materials such as hormone, it is to avoid the pollution of dairy products, it is ensured that the edible safety of dairy products.Concrete and Speech:
(1) mangosteen skin of the primary raw material of the feed additive of the present invention has heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, anti-inflammatory analgetic Effect, with Indigo Naturalis, Radix Rhapontici, Rabdosia rubescens, Herba Abri, Herba Houttuyniae, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae, Herba Portulacae, Aloe, Rhizoma Coptidis, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu coordinate the ability being effectively increased its heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, coordinate mangosteen skin, Radix Rhapontici, winter to insult Grass, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata, Herba Portulacae, Aloe, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf, Rhizoma Coptidis improve this feed additive The effect of diminishing inflammation, removing pain, meanwhile, in mangosteen skin rich in tannic acid to the pathogenic bacterium of mammitis of cow such as gold Staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus epidermidis etc. have antibacterial action, can affect biomembranous formation, coordinate Indigo Naturalis, Rabdosia rubescens, Herba Portulacae, Aloe, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf, Rhizoma Coptidis can effectively suppress to kill pathogenic bacterium, subtract The use of few antibiotic, mangosteen skin is also rich in procyanidin, and procyanidin can be strengthened blood capillary, move Arteries and veins and vein blood vessel, it has effect that detumescenceization is become silted up, and the drag reduction of blood capillary and permeability improve, Making cell be easier to absorb nutrient and get rid of refuse, procyanidin can be with water solublity and fat in scavenger cell film The free radical of dissolubility, it is suppressed that discharging some enzyme and go to injure the process of capillary wall, procyanidin suppresses Produce the enzyme that histamine needs, prevent from generating histamine, thus dephlogistication, with Indigo Naturalis, Radix Rhapontici, Rabdosia rubescens, Herba Abri, Herba Houttuyniae, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf cooperation can play good blood circulation promoting and blood stasis dispelling Effect, the comprehensive synergism of each raw material, can effectively prevent and treat mammitis of cow, mangosteen skin, Herba Houttuyniae, horse Bitterroot, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu also have the effect of diuresis toxin expelling, can promote drug residue composition and toxin in Contents in Cows Discharged by urine, it is ensured that the food safety of its produced milk.
(2) peel of Carcinia mangostana L., Herba Portulacae fresh goods, Herba Herminii fresh goods, Aloe in the raw material chosen of the present invention Fresh goods, rich in nutrient substance such as multivitamin, trace element and aminoacid, uses vacuum lyophilization to obtain Feed additive prepared by method fully maintains in raw material easily by procyanidin, the vitamin of high temperature Deng nutrient substance, being added in milk cow forage can be that milch cow provides sufficient vitamin, trace element, nothing Other vitamine supplements and trace mineral supplement need to be additionally added, its nutritional need can be fully met, Improve milk crop.
(3) feed additive of the present invention is using fruit and vegerable and Chinese herbal medicine as raw material, with milk cow forage homology with Body, can play the effect of preventing and treating mammitis of cow, contributes to again growing and growing up, and milch cow easily absorbs, Easily getting rid of, ejection can be as the fertilizer of crops, will not be to environment, with rear without medicine Thing remains, nuisanceless to human body, has important economy and social value.
Detailed description of the invention
According to following embodiment, the present invention be may be better understood.But, those skilled in the art holds Readily understood, concrete material proportion, process conditions and result thereof described by embodiment are merely to illustrate this Invention and should be without limitation on the present invention described in detail in claims yet.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cow feed additive, raw material composition and the parts by weight of making described feed additive are: Mangosteen skin 45 parts, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 15 parts, Indigo Naturalis 6 parts, Rabdosia rubescens 9 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 9 parts, see Blood flies 6 parts, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu 4 parts, Herba Herminii fresh goods 15 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 4 parts, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 8 parts, Radix Rhapontici 6 Part, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf 6 parts, Aloe fresh goods 8 parts, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 5 parts, Herba Abri 3 parts.
The preparation method of this cow feed additive, comprises the following steps:
(1) Indigo Naturalis, Rabdosia rubescens, Herba Houttuyniae, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu, Rhizoma Coptidis, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata, Radix Rhapontici, Shinyleaf pricklyash leaf, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae, Herba Abri pulverize to obtain 80 mesh mixed-powders, and gained mixed-powder adds gross mass The water soaking that multiple is 4 times 1 hour, slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, cross 500 mesh drainage screens after decoction and must filter Liquid, the again water soaking of addition mixed-powder gross mass multiple 4 times 0.5 hour, slow fire boiling 1 hour Rear mistake 500 mesh drainage screen obtains filtrate, merges twice gained filtrate and adds in low-temperature vacuum thickener, low temperature Concentrating the thick paste that (less than 40 DEG C) to relative density is 1.35 ± 0.02 (30 DEG C), gained thick paste vacuum is cold Lyophilizing is dry, and 100 mesh powders A pulverized to obtain by gained solid;
(2) mangosteen skin, Herba Portulacae fresh goods, Herba Herminii fresh goods, Aloe fresh goods are cleaned after being cut into small pieces, very Vacuum freecing-dry obtains solid, pulverizes gained solid and obtains 100 mesh powder B;
(3) by the powders A of step (1) gained and the powder B mix homogeneously of step (2) gained and get final product Cow feed additive.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cow feed additive, raw material composition and the parts by weight of making described feed additive are: Mangosteen skin 60 parts, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 25 parts, Indigo Naturalis 10 parts, Rabdosia rubescens 12 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 12 parts, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 8 parts, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu 6 parts, Herba Herminii fresh goods 20 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 6 parts, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 12 parts, leakage 8 parts of reed, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf 10 parts, Aloe fresh goods 12 parts, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 8 parts, Herba Abri 6 parts.
The preparation method of the cow feed additive of embodiment 2 is same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 3
A kind of cow feed additive, raw material composition and the parts by weight of making described feed additive are: Mangosteen skin 56 parts, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 20 parts, Indigo Naturalis 8 parts, Rabdosia rubescens 11 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 10 parts, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 7 parts, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu 5 parts, Herba Herminii fresh goods 17 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 5 parts, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 10 parts, leakage 7 parts of reed, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf 8 parts, Aloe fresh goods 10 parts, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 6 parts, Herba Abri 5 parts.
The preparation method of the cow feed additive of embodiment 3 is same as in Example 1.
Embodiment 4 feed additive effect measuring
Select the holstein cow 100 that clinical health, lactation period are identical, be randomly divided into 1 matched group With three experimental grouies, often organize 25 cow heads, with roughage (Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvel.) and the 30wt% concentrated feed of 70wt% Coordinating and raise 60, every day, every cow head was raised by 12 kg diet, the raw material of each group concentrated feed used Mass percent be:
Matched group: Semen Maydis 64.8%, soybean cake 33%, salt 1.2%, calcium phosphate 1%;
Experimental group A: Semen Maydis 61.6%, soybean cake 33%, salt 1.2%, calcium phosphate 1%, the feedstuff of embodiment 1 Additive 3.2%;
Experimental group B: Semen Maydis 61.6%, soybean cake 33%, salt 1.2%, calcium phosphate 1%, the feedstuff of embodiment 2 Additive 3.2%;
Experimental group 3: Semen Maydis 61.6%, soybean cake 33%, salt 1.2%, calcium phosphate 1%, the feedstuff of embodiment 3 Additive 3.2%.
Adding up average daily milk yield and the mastitis sickness rate of each group of milch cow, acquired results is as follows:
Matched group Experimental group A Experimental group B Experimental group C
Average daily milk yield (kg) 29.2 30.8 32.1 31.7
Mastitis sickness rate (%) 35% 17% 10% 13%
Can be seen that the cow feed additive of the present invention can significantly improve giving milk of milch cow from the above Amount, the most effectively reduces the sickness rate of mammitis of cow.
Embodiment of above only for technology design and the feature of the present invention are described, its object is to allow and is familiar with this The people of item technology understands present invention and is carried out, and can not limit the scope of the invention with this, All equivalence changes done according to spirit of the invention or modification, all should contain the protection model in the present invention In enclosing.

Claims (5)

1. a cow feed additive, it is characterised in that: make described feed additive raw material composition and Parts by weight are: mangosteen skin 45-60 part, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 15-25 part, Indigo Naturalis 6-10 part, Rabdosia rubescens 9-12 Part, Herba Houttuyniae 9-12 part, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 6-8 part, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu 4-6 part, Herba Herminii fresh goods 15-20 part is yellow Even 4-6 part, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 8-12 part, Radix Rhapontici 6-8 part, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf 6-10 part, Aloe fresh goods 8-12 part, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 5-8 part, Herba Abri 3-6 part.
2. a kind of cow feed additive as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: make described feedstuff The raw material of additive forms and parts by weight are: mangosteen skin 45 parts, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 15 parts, Indigo Naturalis 6 parts, Rabdosia rubescens 9 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 9 parts, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 6 parts, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu 4 parts, Herba Herminii fresh goods 15 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 4 parts, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 8 parts, Radix Rhapontici 6 parts, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf 6 parts, Aloe fresh goods 8 parts, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 5 parts, chicken GUCAO 3 parts.
3. a kind of cow feed additive as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: make described feedstuff The raw material of additive forms and parts by weight are: mangosteen skin 60 parts, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 25 parts, Indigo Naturalis 10 parts, Rabdosia rubescens 12 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 12 parts, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 8 parts, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu 6 parts, Herba Herminii fresh goods 20 parts, yellow Even 6 parts, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 12 parts, Radix Rhapontici 8 parts, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf 10 parts, Aloe fresh goods 12 parts, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 8 Part, Herba Abri 6 parts.
4. a kind of cow feed additive as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: make described feedstuff The raw material of additive forms and parts by weight are: mangosteen skin 56 parts, Herba Portulacae fresh goods 20 parts, Indigo Naturalis 8 parts, Rabdosia rubescens 11 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 10 parts, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii 7 parts, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu 5 parts, Herba Herminii fresh goods 17 parts, yellow Even 5 parts, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata 10 parts, Radix Rhapontici 7 parts, shinyleaf pricklyash leaf 8 parts, Aloe fresh goods 10 parts, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae 6 Part, Herba Abri 5 parts.
5. the preparation method of the cow feed additive as described in Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that Comprise the following steps:
(1) Indigo Naturalis, Rabdosia rubescens, Herba Houttuyniae, Radix Zanthoxyli Spinifolii, Asparagus zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. Zhu, Rhizoma Coptidis, Radix Glycyrrhizae Preparata, Radix Rhapontici, two Face needle, Herba Corydalis Bungeanae, Herba Abri pulverize to obtain 80 mesh mixed-powders, and gained mixed-powder adds gross mass multiple The water soaking of 4 times 1 hour, slow fire boiling 1.5 hours, cross 500 mesh drainage screens after decoction and obtain filtrate, again The water soaking of addition mixed-powder gross mass multiple 4 times 0.5 hour, slow fire boiling crossed 500 mesh after 1 hour Drainage screen obtains filtrate, merges twice gained filtrate and adds in low-temperature vacuum thickener, cryoconcentration (40 DEG C with Under) to the thick paste that relative density is 1.35 ± 0.02 (30 DEG C), gained thick paste vacuum lyophilization, gained is solid Body pulverizes to obtain 100 mesh powders A;
(2) mangosteen skin, Herba Portulacae fresh goods, Herba Herminii fresh goods, Aloe fresh goods are cleaned after being cut into small pieces, vacuum Lyophilization obtains solid, pulverizes gained solid and obtains 100 mesh powder B;
(3) powders A of step (1) gained and the powder B mix homogeneously of step (2) gained are i.e. obtained milk Ox feed additive.
CN201610273782.5A 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Cow feed additive and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN105918660A (en)

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CN109043160A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-21 宿松县荣学农业开发有限公司 A kind of ox feed and preparation method thereof

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CN105410368A (en) * 2015-11-22 2016-03-23 衡阳市富矿饲料添加剂有限公司 Feed additive for preventing dairy cattle subclinical mastitis and preparation method thereof
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CN102125187A (en) * 2011-01-24 2011-07-20 苏洋 Feed additive for dairy cows
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CN104543464A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-29 唐华烨 Compound biological feed and preparation method thereof
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CN109043160A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-21 宿松县荣学农业开发有限公司 A kind of ox feed and preparation method thereof

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