CN105908815B - Water-saving closet - Google Patents

Water-saving closet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105908815B
CN105908815B CN201610461351.1A CN201610461351A CN105908815B CN 105908815 B CN105908815 B CN 105908815B CN 201610461351 A CN201610461351 A CN 201610461351A CN 105908815 B CN105908815 B CN 105908815B
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China
Prior art keywords
bedpan
gas
water
guide tube
blow
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CN201610461351.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105908815A (en
Inventor
苏培明
苏林东
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Chaozhou sub Ceramic Co.,Ltd.
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苏林东
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03DWATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR
    • E03D1/00Water flushing devices with cisterns ; Setting up a range of flushing devices or water-closets; Combinations of several flushing devices
    • E03D1/30Valves for high or low level cisterns; Their arrangement ; Flushing mechanisms in the cistern, optionally with provisions for a pre-or a post- flushing and for cutting off the flushing mechanism in case of leakage
    • E03D1/33Adaptations or arrangements of floats

Abstract

A kind of water-saving closet, including the water tank by ceramic making and bedpan, trap, blow-off line, water tank is equipped with four sides side wall, bottom wall, the bottom wall of water tank is equipped with the round discharge outlet that can install individual palpation drain valve, draining transfer chamber is formed with below tank bottom wall, the top edge of bedpan is formed with conduit pipe, and round discharge outlet is located above draining transfer chamber, and draining transfer chamber connects the conduit pipe of bedpan top edge;Gas-guide tube is additionally provided at the rear of trap and blow-off line;The lower end nozzle of gas-guide tube directly connects blow-off line, and the upper end tube nozzle of gas-guide tube is located at the top of draining transfer chamber;The floor projection position of the upper end tube nozzle of gas-guide tube is located at the periphery of round discharge outlet floor projection position, and a relatively a corner for round discharge outlet peripheral region.The present invention can be used cooperatively with individual palpation drain valve, and realize small amount of flush water after an action of the bowels less than big amount of flush water after an action of the bowels.

Description

Water-saving closet
Technical field
The invention belongs to toilet technical field more particularly to a kind of water-saving closets.
Background technology
Toilet includes by the water tank of ceramic making, bedpan, trap, blow-off line, water tank, bedpan, trap and Blow-off line is sintered into one;Water tank is located at the back upper place of bedpan, and the outlet of bedpan bottom is communicated to blow-off pipe through trap Road;Water tank is equipped with four sides side wall, bottom wall, and the bottom wall of water tank is equipped with the round discharge outlet that can install drain valve, tank bottom wall Lower section is formed with draining transfer chamber, and the top edge of bedpan is formed with conduit pipe, and round discharge outlet is located on draining transfer chamber Side, draining transfer chamber connect bedpan top edge conduit pipe, conduit pipe be open towards bedpan pelvic cavity.When needing to wash by water When, drain button is pressed, opens drain valve, flow is come down in torrents by round discharge outlet into draining transfer chamber, then by draining Transfer chamber flows into the conduit pipe of the top edge of bedpan, then pours the pelvic cavity of bedpan, implements to rinse.
Since toilet uses ceramic making, and drain valve is then the component based on plastics, therefore toilet and drain valve It is generally produced respectively by different producers, the round discharge outlet of common toilet and common drain valve can be adapted to, and be consumed Person is assembled at the scene after buying respectively by decoration worker.The control principle of drain valve as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, row Water valve 7 is equipped with round sunpender 71 and round valve block 72, floating drum 73, round sunpender 71 and the round fixation of valve block 72 connect together and Synchronous vertical motion, round valve block 72 are located at right over round discharge outlet, convex grain 74 are equipped among sunpender 71, being additionally provided with can catch on The strip 75 of convex grain 74, strip 75 and floating drum 73 are located at the opposite sides of sunpender 71 respectively, and strip 75 and floating drum 73 form lever Drive connection, the fulcrum 76 of lever 77 is located among the two.During 7 use of drain valve, 76 position of balance pivot is solid It is fixed motionless.When normal water storage in water tank, strip 75 is pressed to the circumference of round sunpender 71 by floating drum 73 by buoyancy Face, as shown in Figure 2;When needing bath, round sunpender 71 and round valve block 72 can be driven to rise, strip 75 by lower button The convex grain 74 of sunpender is caught on, then round sunpender 71 and round valve block 72 are temporarily retained in a high position, and round valve block 72 can be at one section The time interior round discharge outlet 13 for keeping the floating state of lift and leaving water tank, i.e. drain valve can temporarily keep beating whithin a period of time It opens, implements the bath of a period of time, as shown in Figure 3;Until water tank in water level decreasing to a certain extent after, floating drum 73 is under Fall, strip 75 is driven to rotate by lever 77, strip 75 is made to be detached from the convex grain 74 of sunpender, as shown in figure 4, last circle sunpender 71 Fall under round valve block 72, round valve block 72 covers round discharge outlet 13, stops draining, as shown in Figure 5.
It is well known that at two kinds of big flushing the toilet after use and small flushing the toilet after use, the smooth degree of bath, be have it is larger Difference.Specifically, there was only pure liquid in bedpan after an action of the bowels small, thus it is smooth to wash by water, and the dirt in bedpan can be with I.e., it quickly passes over trap and reaches blow-off line, thus a small amount of water is only needed after an action of the bowels with regard to that can rinse well small.And big After an action of the bowels, there are a large amount of paper handkerchiefs and block-like excrement in bedpan, these paper handkerchiefs and excrement cross trap process close to solid-like Slowly, make entire drainage procedure slow, in short, big in the water that bath greatly after an action of the bowels needs, flushing period is long, and is starting Eroding velocity during bath is slow.
Achieve the purpose that for the different characteristics according to stool and urine it is water-saving, people devise it is double by drain valve, it sets There are two buttons(Full row's button and half row's button), full row's button can be pressed after an action of the bowels greatly, the water of discharge is more;It is small to press after an action of the bowels Lower half arranges button, and the water of discharge is less.However, double drain valve structures pressed are complicated, cost is higher, and due to two kinds of buttons Identification not yet universalness, standardization, people often push the wrong button, often occur " being wasted water with button is arranged full during urine, greatly Rushed and do not washed clean with half displacement when just " mistake, such case is in public places, office space, used by hotels and restaurants by more pass through Often occur.
Therefore, the drain valve of existing toilet still has quite a few by function, i.e., could not distinguish size without double Just and only there are one buttons(This drain valve is known as individual palpation drain valve in row), defecate or urine, all go out identical Water, and the design of this displacement must yield to the big displacement needed after an action of the bowels, thus for small flushing after an action of the bowels, Displacement must be superfluous.Since total urination time is far more than stool, thus there are huge water resource wastes for individual palpation drain valve.
Invention content
There is provided a kind of water-saving closet it is an object of the invention to overcome disadvantages mentioned above, it can with floating drum Individual palpation drain valve is used cooperatively, as long as and the floating drum of individual palpation drain valve is mounted on the upper end with the gas-guide tube of water-saving closet The identical orientation of nozzle can be achieved with small amount of flush water after an action of the bowels less than big amount of flush water after an action of the bowels.
Its purpose can be realized by following scheme:A kind of water-saving closet including the water tank by ceramic making and bedpan, is deposited Water is curved, blow-off line, and water tank, bedpan, trap and blow-off line are sintered into one;Water tank is located at the back upper place of bedpan, just The outlet of basin bottom part is communicated to blow-off line through trap, and the lower port of blow-off line forms sewage draining exit;Water tank is equipped with four surface sides Wall, bottom wall, the bottom wall of water tank are equipped with the round discharge outlet that can install individual palpation drain valve, draining are formed with below tank bottom wall Transfer chamber, the top edge of bedpan are formed with conduit pipe, and round discharge outlet is located above draining transfer chamber, draining transfer chamber Connect bedpan top edge conduit pipe, conduit pipe be open towards bedpan pelvic cavity;It is mainly characterized by, in trap and row The rear of dirty pipeline is additionally provided with gas-guide tube, and the caliber of gas-guide tube is 7~25mm;The lower end nozzle of gas-guide tube directly connects blow-off pipe Road, the upper end tube nozzle of gas-guide tube are located at the top of draining transfer chamber;The floor projection position position of the upper end tube nozzle of gas-guide tube In the periphery of round discharge outlet floor projection position, and a relatively a corner for round discharge outlet peripheral region.
The caliber of so-called gas-guide tube when each section of pipe diameter size of gas-guide tube is inconsistent, refers to being averaged for each section of gas-guide tube Caliber.
The present invention has the following advantages and effects:
First, the present invention can be used cooperatively with individual palpation drain valve, and when installing individual palpation drain valve, as long as individual palpation is arranged The floating drum of water valve be mounted on the orientation identical with the upper end tube nozzle of gas-guide tube, it will be able to realize " after drain button is pressed if Wash by water smooth, then floating drum promoted to fall down in advance ", so as to reach water-saving effect of the small amount of flush water after an action of the bowels less than big amount of flush water after an action of the bowels Fruit.
In present specification, so-called orientation refers to the floor projection position of some component relative to the water of round discharge outlet Flat projection position is in any direction.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the principle schematic diagram of individual palpation drain valve.
Fig. 2 is status diagram of the individual palpation drain valve when water tank is in storage full water and discharge outlet is closed.
Fig. 3 is round sunpender in Fig. 2 and round status diagram when valve block is just lifted, discharge outlet is just opened.
Fig. 4 is that water level decreasing, the floating drum in Fig. 3 decline, strip is detached from the status diagram after the convex grain of sunpender.
Fig. 5 be Fig. 4 round sunpender and round valve block under fall, status diagram when discharge outlet is closed.
Fig. 6 is a kind of diagrammatic cross-section of specific embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the left view schematic diagram of structure shown in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is A close-up schematic views in Fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is the mounting means schematic diagram for the drain valve being used cooperatively with water-saving closet shown in Fig. 6.
Figure 10 is the vertical view horizontal position relation schematic diagram with structure shown in Fig. 9.
Figure 11 be embodiment illustrated in fig. 9 during small flushing the toilet after use, the state that gas-guide tube epimere gas is discharged upwards shows It is intended to.
Figure 12 is that the gas in Figure 11 ascends into water tank bottom and forms the status diagram of bubble.
Figure 13 is the status diagram when bubble in Figure 12 continues to rise and surround floating drum.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, water-saving closet shown in Fig. 9 include by the water tank 1 and bedpan 2 of ceramic making, trap 3, Blow-off line 4, water tank 1, bedpan 2, trap 3 and blow-off line 4 are sintered into one;Water tank 1 is located at the back upper place of bedpan 2, The outlet of 2 bottom of bedpan is communicated to blow-off line 4 through trap 3, and the lower port of blow-off line 4 forms sewage draining exit 41;Water tank 1 is set There are four sides side wall 11, bottom wall 12, the bottom wall 12 of water tank is equipped with the round discharge outlet 13 that can install individual palpation drain valve, tank bottom wall 12 lower section is formed with draining transfer chamber 5, and the top edge 20 of bedpan 2 is formed with conduit pipe 21, and round discharge outlet 13 is located at row The top of water transfer chamber 5, draining transfer chamber 5 connect the conduit pipe 21 of bedpan top edge, and conduit pipe opening 210 is towards just The pelvic cavity of basin.Shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, gas-guide tube 6, whole section of air guide are additionally provided at the rear of trap 3 and blow-off line 4 The average caliber of pipe 6 is 10mm;The lower end nozzle 61 of gas-guide tube 6 directly connects blow-off line 4, the upper end tube nozzle of gas-guide tube 62 In the top of draining transfer chamber 5;Shown in Figure 10, the floor projection position of the upper end tube nozzle 62 of gas-guide tube is located at round draining The periphery of 13 floor projection positions of mouth, and a relatively a corner for 13 peripheral region of round discharge outlet, that is, be partial to round discharge outlet 13 Rear.
The use of above-described embodiment and operation principle are as follows:
During using preceding installation individual palpation drain valve, the floating drum 73 of individual palpation drain valve is mounted on the upper end tube nozzle 61 with gas-guide tube Identical orientation, specifically, the floating drum 73 of individual palpation drain valve to be mounted on to the rear of round discharge outlet 13, as Fig. 9, Figure 10, Shown in Figure 11.
Before bath, water storage reaches peak level in water tank 1, and the ponding in trap 3 is static, blow-off line 4 and air guide Air is filled among pipe 6.In use, when the button for pressing drain valve makes round sunpender 71 and round valve block 72 rise lift and float Afterwards, drain valve is opened, and flow is come down in torrents into draining transfer chamber 5 from round discharge outlet 13, then flowed by draining transfer chamber 5 The conduit pipe 21 of the top edge of bedpan, then the pelvic cavity of bedpan 2 is poured, then over trap 3, and enter blow-off line 4.
During bath, if the dirt in bedpan is all pure liquid(Be equivalent to it is small after an action of the bowels), then into blow-off line 4 Flow kicks urgency, and the air in blow-off line 4 has little time all from sewage draining exit 41 to drain, and then some air is squeezed into air guide Pipe lower end nozzle 61, in addition also fraction flow pours 6 hypomere of gas-guide tube, makes original air rapid increase in gas-guide tube 6, It as shown in Fig. 7 arrows, is then discharged by gas-guide tube upper end tube nozzle 62, and squeezes into edge (such as Figure 11 of round discharge outlet 13 Position shown in middle B), orientation where the edge (position as shown in B in Figure 11) with where gas-guide tube upper end tube nozzle 62 Orientation is identical, also identical with 73 place orientation of floating drum;After the above-mentioned air squeezed into enters water tank 1, bubble 8,8 institute of bubble are formed Orientation it is identical with 73 place orientation of floating drum, as shown in figure 12, when bubble 8 continue rise and pass through 73 periphery of floating drum when, gas Bubble 8 surrounds floating drum 73, and as shown in figure 13, in the moment of encirclement, floating drum 73 instantaneously loses the buoyancy of water, then under floating drum 73 Fall, and the water level in water tank 1 not yet drops to the water level for making to fall under 73 nature of floating drum at this time, it is meant that bubble 8 can promote to float Cylinder 73 falls down in advance, and after falling under floating drum 73, round sunpender 71 and round valve block 72 fall down immediately, principle with shown in Fig. 2 to Fig. 4 Principle is identical, and then round valve block 72 covers round discharge outlet 13, realizes stop draining in advance, reach water-saving purpose.
Conversely, during bath, if the dirt in bedpan includes paper handkerchief, blocky excrement(It is equivalent to greatly after an action of the bowels), then in paper Before towel, blocky excrement fully pass over trap 3, the water velocity in blow-off line 4 is significantly partially slow, then in blow-off line 4 Air can compare and at leisure, fully drain downwards from sewage draining exit 41, then squeeze into 61 air of gas-guide tube lower end nozzle in volume It is upper on the low side, it is partially slow on a timeline, the volume of above-mentioned bubble 8 is caused to reduce(Or may not have substantially), time point delays out Existing, bubble 8 is not sufficiently effective to the encirclement of floating drum 73, also delayed fashion on the time, therefore bubble 8 will not play and promote floating drum substantially 73 effect in advance, i.e., floating drum 73 will not fall down in advance substantially during big flushing the toilet after use, after only waiting until water level decreasing in place Just fall down.
From the foregoing, it will be observed that the present invention, in small flushing the toilet after use and two kinds in big flushing the toilet after use, amount of flush water is different , and small amount of flush water after an action of the bowels can be less than big amount of flush water after an action of the bowels, play water-saving effect.
In above-described embodiment, the average caliber of whole section of gas-guide tube 6 is readily modified as 7mm either 15 mm or 25 mm.
In present specification, so-called orientation refers to the floor projection position of some component relative to the water of round discharge outlet Flat projection position is in any direction.
In present specification, face when being sitting in above toilet seat with user is oriented in " front ".

Claims (2)

1. a kind of water-saving closet, including the water tank by ceramic making and bedpan, trap, blow-off line, water tank, is deposited bedpan Water is curved and blow-off line is sintered into one;Water tank is located at the back upper place of bedpan, and the outlet of bedpan bottom is communicated to through trap Blow-off line, the lower port of blow-off line form sewage draining exit;Water tank is equipped with four sides side wall, bottom wall, and the bottom wall of water tank is equipped with can Installation has the round discharge outlet of the individual palpation drain valve of floating drum, and draining transfer chamber is formed with below tank bottom wall, bedpan Top edge is formed with conduit pipe, and round discharge outlet is located above draining transfer chamber, draining transfer chamber connection bedpan top edge Conduit pipe, conduit pipe be open towards bedpan pelvic cavity;It is characterized in that:It is additionally provided at the rear of trap and blow-off line Gas-guide tube, the caliber of gas-guide tube is 7~25mm;The lower end nozzle of gas-guide tube directly connects blow-off line, the upper pipes of gas-guide tube Mouth is located at the top of draining transfer chamber;The floor projection position of the upper end tube nozzle of gas-guide tube is located at round discharge outlet level and throws The periphery of shadow position, and a relatively a corner for round discharge outlet peripheral region, bubble surrounds floating drum during bath.
2. water-saving closet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The caliber of the gas-guide tube is 10~15mm.
CN201610461351.1A 2016-06-23 2016-06-23 Water-saving closet Active CN105908815B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610461351.1A CN105908815B (en) 2016-06-23 2016-06-23 Water-saving closet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610461351.1A CN105908815B (en) 2016-06-23 2016-06-23 Water-saving closet

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105908815A CN105908815A (en) 2016-08-31
CN105908815B true CN105908815B (en) 2018-07-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610461351.1A Active CN105908815B (en) 2016-06-23 2016-06-23 Water-saving closet

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Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5539938A (en) * 1993-12-08 1996-07-30 Tubbs; Elton H. Water closet
DE29602227U1 (en) * 1995-04-12 1996-03-28 Geberit Technik Ag Drain valve for a cistern
WO1997022761A1 (en) * 1995-12-20 1997-06-26 Alliance Invest Ag Device for a cistern
GB2346159A (en) * 1998-10-22 2000-08-02 John Henry May Regulating amount of discharge from siphon-discharge flushing cistern
CN2534253Y (en) * 2002-03-20 2003-02-05 申黎花 Water-saving device for flushing cistern of bowl
CN2727260Y (en) * 2004-02-02 2005-09-21 李世良 Gas-pulling type water-saving toilet bowl
WO2006022412A1 (en) * 2004-08-27 2006-03-02 Kimura Corporation Toilet bowl flush device
CN205776604U (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-12-07 苏林东 Water-saving closet

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Effective date of registration: 20200601

Address after: No.13 Xinggong Road, Beipian, Chaozhou railway station, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Chaozhou sub Ceramic Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 521000 Guangdong Province, Chaozhou District, Lake Xiamen high countryside two lane number 1

Patentee before: Su Lindong

TR01 Transfer of patent right