CN105908263B - A kind of preparation method of garlic bolt leaf fibre - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of garlic bolt leaf fibre Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105908263B
CN105908263B CN201610452556.3A CN201610452556A CN105908263B CN 105908263 B CN105908263 B CN 105908263B CN 201610452556 A CN201610452556 A CN 201610452556A CN 105908263 B CN105908263 B CN 105908263B
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acid
complex enzyme
garlic bolt
treatment fluid
temperature
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CN105908263A (en
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朱兰英
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Nantong long home textile Co., Ltd.
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朱兰英
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01CCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF NATURAL FILAMENTARY OR FIBROUS MATERIAL TO OBTAIN FILAMENTS OR FIBRES FOR SPINNING; CARBONISING RAGS TO RECOVER ANIMAL FIBRES
    • D01C1/00Treatment of vegetable material
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01BMECHANICAL TREATMENT OF NATURAL FIBROUS OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL TO OBTAIN FIBRES OF FILAMENTS, e.g. FOR SPINNING
    • D01B1/00Mechanical separation of fibres from plant material, e.g. seeds, leaves, stalks
    • D01B1/10Separating vegetable fibres from stalks or leaves

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of preparation methods of garlic bolt leaf fibre, step is compound low-kappa number, low-temperature plasma processing, microwave irradiation and complex enzyme alternate treatment, wash, soap, being dehydrated, shaking up, oil supply, drying, the preparation method can shorten fiber usually time, reduces garlic bolt leaf fibre surface attachments and improve spinnability, have higher intensity, elongation at break and length with the garlic bolt leaf fibre that the preparation method obtains.

Description

A kind of preparation method of garlic bolt leaf fibre
Technical field
The invention belongs to Material Field, more particularly to a kind of natural plant fibre.
Background technology
Recently as the increasingly in short supply of the energy in world wide and resource, the developmental research of Novel plant fiber becomes state The hot spot of inside and outside crowd scholar research, many a large amount of existing cellulose fibres of nature are not exploited also.As large agricultural country, China's natural fiber abundant raw material, is had a large amount of cellulosic material that can be processed using biomass product, is carried for textile industry For a large amount of green fiber element raw material.
The plant fiber type of scientific research person's research both at home and abroad is various at present, but many places form industrialization in the starting stage Product is seldom.Specific have that Chinese Academy Of Sciences Process Engineering Research Institute develops a kind of banana stem, leaf steam explosion degumming prepares banana fibre The method of dimension;Strongly fragrant Chongwen of Donghua University et al. has studied the preparation method of arghan;The limited public affairs of Jiangsu Yueda weaving group The method that the Liu Liyan et al. of department and Tianjin Polytechnic University prepares cattail fiber using biological enzyme and chemical reagent combination degumming;River The Zhou Rong et al. of southern engineering college has studied spinning pre-treating method of bracteal leaf of corn fiber etc., in addition, being ground to bamboo fibre Study carefully much more relatively and technical maturity and realizes industrialization.
China's Garlic yield is very high at present, and annual output is up to 4,000,000 tons, and in garlic production process, a large amount of garlic bolt leaves are worked as Waste disposal is done to fall.Garlic bolt leaf is the leaf during Garlic Growth, garlic bolt plant height cellulose in 35cm or more, garlic bolt leaf Content original text, and contain the nutritional ingredients such as protein, carrotene, thiamine, riboflavin, acidic polysaccharose.Capsaicin tool in garlic bolt leaf Be amusing gas, disperse accumulation food, also have good sterilization, bacteriostasis, can effective flu-prevention, enteritis etc. because environment dirt Disease caused by dye.Therefore, made of garlic bolt leaf fiber has healthcare function, in addition only document report garlic bolt leaf fibre The research produced with basic performance, that is, use cellulase to impregnate garlic bolt leaf fibre, but fiber usually time is long, fiber Attachment is more, and the Length Regularity of fiber is poor, and the intensity of fiber is not high.
In addition, though have patent document CN101922049A reports microwave irradiation combination alkali oxygen degumming process hemp, Patent literature using ultrasonic wave and expansion composite assistant (expansion protein agent, cellulase, hemicellulase, pectase, it is non-from Subtype bleeding agent) processing arghan, patent document CN103835002A reports are using low-temperature plasma and pectase and half Cellulase is combined carries out degumming to bluish dogbane, but so far, both at home and abroad not yet specifically for the work of garlic leaf fibre processing Skill.
Invention content
In order to solve the above technical problems, the purpose of the present invention makes a kind of preparation being specially adapted for garlic bolt leaf fibre of offer Method, using complex enzyme, microwave and corona treatment garlic bolt leaf fibre, by the synergistic effect of three, and by specific Treatment process can improve intensity, elongation at break and the length of fiber, and can shorten fiber usually time, reduce garlic Seedling leaf fibre surface attachments and improvement spinnability.
To realize the purpose of foregoing invention, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of preparation method of garlic bolt leaf fibre, steps are as follows:
(1) it pre-processes:
Garlic bolt leaf is picked, is dried through over cleaning, machinery is carried out and beats removal of impurities, then pre-processed with Compound-acid, handled Time 10-30min, 50-70 DEG C of temperature, bath raio 1:20;
(2) low-temperature plasma is handled:
Pretreated garlic bolt leaf fibre is washed 2-3 times, dries, is placed in the reative cell of plasma generator, is closed Reative cell is closed, is vacuumized, oxygen is accessed, radio-frequency power supply, power 300-400W, processing time 3- is opened after steady air current 5min deflates, and opens vacuum chamber, takes out garlic bolt leaf fibre;
(3) microwave irradiation and complex enzyme alternate treatment:
By low-temperature plasma treated garlic bolt leaf fibre is put into carried out in normal pressure microwave quick-reaction system it is micro- for the first time Amplitude is shone, and range of microwave power is 500-800W, and the time is 20-40 seconds, and 60-70 DEG C of temperature then takes out, and it is multiple to be immersed in first In synthase treatment fluid, main group of the first complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acid pectase, neutral cellulase, half fiber The plain enzyme of dimension, laccase and protease, then carry out second of microwave irradiation, range of microwave power is 500-800W, time 10-20 Second, 60-70 DEG C of temperature then takes out, is immersed in the second complex enzyme treatment fluid, the second complex enzyme treatment fluid it is main Group becomes acidic cellulase and zytase.The parameter of wherein secondary compound enzymatic treatment is bath raio 1:20, time 10- 30min, 40-44 DEG C of temperature;
(4) wash, soap, being dehydrated, shaking up, oil supply, drying.
The Compound-acid is arbitrary two kinds or combination of the above in citric acid, oxalic acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, Compound-acid Formula is:Citric acid 2-4g/L, oxalic acid 1-2g/L, malic acid 1-2g/L, tartaric acid 1-2g/L.
Preferably, the formula of Compound-acid is:Citric acid 4g/L, oxalic acid 2g/L, malic acid 1g/L, tartaric acid 1g/L.
Main group of the first complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acid pectase 1.25-2.25g/L, neutral fibre element Enzyme 0.25-1.25g/L, hemicellulase 0.1-0.2g/L, laccase 0.1-0.2g/L, proteinase-10 .1-0.2g/L,
Main group of the second complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acidic cellulase 0.25-1.25g/L and zytase 0.1-0.2g/L。
Preferably, the group of the first complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acid pectase 2g/L, neutral cellulase 1g/L, half fiber The plain enzyme 0.2g/L, laccase 0.2g/L, proteinase-10 .2g/L of dimension;
Preferably, the group of the second complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acidic cellulase 1g/L and zytase 0.15g/L.
Low Temperature Plasma Treating of the present invention uses HD-1B type plasma generators, microwave irradiation processing to use Be Apex normal pressure microwave quick-reaction systems.Type source in complex enzyme is commercial goods.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, the advantageous effect that the present invention obtains is:
(1) it is handled using low temperature plasma, makes colloid macromolecular preliminary exposition in fiber, be conducive to improve follow-up The degumming rate of complex enzyme reduces usually time.
(2) using microwave and complex enzyme come alternate treatment fiber, when first time microwave treatment, hydrone can be made rapidly The inside for penetrating into fiber causes non-fiber substance in plant to be swollen rapidly, is partially soluble in the colloid dissolving of water, part is not It is dissolved in the colloid high vibration of water, reduces fiber and the adhesion of colloid, channel is opened for compound enzymatic treatment for the first time, when When second of microwave and second of compound enzymatic treatment, fiber surface attachment is further removed, improves intensity, elongation at break simultaneously Improve spinnability.
(3) by the collaboration of different component enzyme twice handle, can it is water-saving, energy saving and shorten the production time, reduce cost, It reduces labor intensity, in addition can make colloid fully degraded, reduce the damage to fiber, keep fiber loosely and soft and after being conducive to Continuous dyeing.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1:
A kind of preparation method of garlic bolt leaf fibre, steps are as follows:
(1) it pre-processes:
Garlic bolt leaf is picked, is dried through over cleaning, machinery is carried out and beats removal of impurities, then pre-processed with Compound-acid, handled Time 10min, temperature 50 C, bath raio 1:20, the formula of Compound-acid is:Citric acid 4g/L, oxalic acid 2g/L, malic acid 1g/L, wine Stone acid 1g/L;
(2) low-temperature plasma is handled:
Pretreated garlic bolt leaf fibre is washed 2 times, dries, is placed in the reative cell of plasma generator, is closed Reative cell vacuumizes, and accesses oxygen, and radio-frequency power supply is opened after steady air current, and power 300W, processing time 3min deflate, Vacuum chamber is opened, garlic bolt leaf fibre is taken out;
(3) microwave irradiation and complex enzyme alternate treatment:
By low-temperature plasma treated garlic bolt leaf fibre is put into carried out in normal pressure microwave quick-reaction system it is micro- for the first time Amplitude is shone, and range of microwave power is 500W, and the time is 20 seconds, and temperature 60 C then takes out, and is immersed in the first complex enzyme treatment fluid In, the group of the first complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acid pectase 1.25g/L, neutral cellulase 0.25g/L, hemicellulase Then 0.1g/L, laccase 0.1g/L, proteinase-10 .1g/L carry out second of microwave irradiation, range of microwave power is 700W, time It it is 10 seconds, temperature 60 C then takes out, and is immersed in the second complex enzyme treatment fluid, the master of the second complex enzyme treatment fluid Organizing becomes:Acidic cellulase 0.25g/L and zytase 0.1g/L.The parameter of wherein secondary compound enzymatic treatment is bath raio 1:20, time 10min, 40 DEG C of temperature;
(4) wash, soap, being dehydrated, shaking up, oil supply, drying.
Embodiment 2:A kind of preparation method of garlic bolt leaf fibre, steps are as follows:
(1) it pre-processes:
Garlic bolt leaf is picked, is dried through over cleaning, machinery is carried out and beats removal of impurities, then pre-processed with Compound-acid, handled Time 20min, temperature 60 C, bath raio 1:20, the formula of Compound-acid is:Citric acid 4g/L, oxalic acid 2g/L, malic acid 1g/L, wine Stone acid 1g/L;
(2) low-temperature plasma is handled:
Pretreated garlic bolt leaf fibre is washed 2 times, dries, is placed in the reative cell of plasma generator, is closed Reative cell vacuumizes, and accesses oxygen, and radio-frequency power supply is opened after steady air current, and power 350W, processing time 4min deflate, Vacuum chamber is opened, garlic bolt leaf fibre is taken out;
(3) microwave irradiation and complex enzyme alternate treatment:
By low-temperature plasma treated garlic bolt leaf fibre is put into carried out in normal pressure microwave quick-reaction system it is micro- for the first time Amplitude is shone, and range of microwave power is 700W, and the time is 30 seconds, and 65 DEG C of temperature then takes out, and is immersed in the first complex enzyme treatment fluid In, the group of the first complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acid pectase 2g/L, neutral cellulase 1g/L, hemicellulase 0.15g/ Then L, laccase 0.15g/L, proteinase-10 .15g/L carry out second of microwave irradiation, range of microwave power is 700W, and the time is 15 seconds, 65 DEG C of temperature then took out, and is immersed in the second complex enzyme treatment fluid, the second complex enzyme treatment fluid it is main Group becomes:Acidic cellulase 1g/L and zytase 0.15g/L.The parameter of wherein secondary compound enzymatic treatment is bath raio 1: 20, time 20min, 42 DEG C of temperature;
(4) wash, soap, being dehydrated, shaking up, oil supply, drying.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of preparation method of garlic bolt leaf fibre, steps are as follows:
(1) it pre-processes:
Garlic bolt leaf is picked, is dried through over cleaning, machinery is carried out and beats removal of impurities, then pre-processed with Compound-acid, handled Time 30min, temperature 70 C, bath raio 1:20, the formula of Compound-acid is:Citric acid 4g/L, oxalic acid 2g/L, malic acid 1g/L, wine Stone acid 1g/L;
(2) low-temperature plasma is handled:
Pretreated garlic bolt leaf fibre is washed 2 times, dries, is placed in the reative cell of plasma generator, is closed Reative cell vacuumizes, and accesses oxygen, and radio-frequency power supply is opened after steady air current, and power 400W, processing time 5min deflate, Vacuum chamber is opened, garlic bolt leaf fibre is taken out;
(3) microwave irradiation and complex enzyme alternate treatment:
By low-temperature plasma treated garlic bolt leaf fibre is put into carried out in normal pressure microwave quick-reaction system it is micro- for the first time Amplitude is shone, and range of microwave power is 800W, and the time is 40 seconds, and temperature 70 C then takes out, and is immersed in the first complex enzyme treatment fluid In, the group of the first complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acid pectase 2.25g/L, neutral cellulase 1.25g/L, hemicellulase Then 0.2g/L, laccase 0.2g/L, proteinase-10 .2g/L carry out second of microwave irradiation, range of microwave power is 800W, time It it is 20 seconds, temperature 70 C then takes out, and is immersed in the second complex enzyme treatment fluid, the master of the second complex enzyme treatment fluid Organizing becomes:Acidic cellulase 0.25g/L and zytase 0.1g/L.The parameter of wherein secondary compound enzymatic treatment is bath raio 1:20, time 30min, 44 DEG C of temperature;
(4) wash, soap, being dehydrated, shaking up, oil supply, drying.
Comparative example 1:
1 step of embodiment (3) is omitted, other processing steps and condition are the same as embodiment 1;
Comparative example 2:
Omit the first time microwave irradiation and the first complex enzyme treatment fluid processing step in 1 step of embodiment (3), other works Skill step and condition are the same as embodiment 1;
Comparative example 3:
The processing of second of microwave irradiation and the second complex enzyme treatment fluid processing step in 1 step of embodiment (3) are omitted, His processing step and condition are the same as embodiment 1;
Comparative example 4:
Using 2.5g/L cellulases processing liquor treating process alternative steps (3), other processing steps and condition are the same as implementation Example 1;
Comparative example 5:
1 step of embodiment (2) is omitted, other processing steps and condition are the same as embodiment 1;
Comparative example 6:
Omit the secondary radiation treatment step in 1 step of embodiment (2) and step (3), other processing steps and condition With embodiment 1.
Fibre property is tested and result:
The obtained fiber of embodiment 1-3 and comparative example 1-4 is tested, U.S. Instron3365 type strength and elongations are utilized Tester measures the performance of garlic bolt leaf fibre, and sample is flat in thermostatic constant wet chamber's (temperature is 20 DEG C, and humidity is 65 ± 5%) before testing Weighing apparatus is for 24 hours.Experiment condition is:Clamp distance 8mm, tensile speed 10mm/min obtain stress and elongation data, test 30 fibers Sample data is averaged.
Test result:
The fibrous fracture intensity of table 1 embodiment 1-1 and comparative example 1-4 compares
As shown in Table 1, through the embodiment of the present invention 1-3 prepare garlic bolt leaf fibre fracture strength all 8cn/dtex with On, elongation at break is all 10% or more, and the length of fiber is all in 25mm or more, than omitting microwave irradiation processing, complex enzyme Processing, etc. ex vivo treatments and etc. the obtained fracture strength of fiber and elongation at break wants high, fibre length will be grown, and fiber Fineness be not much different.The garlic bolt leaf obtained without secondary microwave irradiation and secondary compound enzymatic treatment step in comparative example 1 is fine The fracture strength of dimension, elongation at break be minimum and the length of fiber is most short.As it can be seen that the present invention is using complex enzyme, microwave and waits Gas ions handle garlic bolt fiber, by the synergistic effect of three, and pass through specific treatment process, can improve the strong of fiber Degree, elongation at break and length, and shorten fiber usually time, reduce garlic bolt leaf fibre surface attachments and improvement Spinnability.
The garlic bolt leaf fibre performance that the present invention obtains meets general spinning requirement, can be garlic bolt leaf fibre individually spinning and It provides novel process fibrous raw material and Technical Reference with other fiber blends, and can further develop garlic bolt leaf textile.
Certainly, above description is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention does not also sink into the example above.This field it is general For logical technical staff in the essential scope of the present invention, the variations, modifications, additions or substitutions made should also belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect range.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of preparation method of garlic bolt leaf fibre, steps are as follows:
(1)Pretreatment:
Garlic bolt leaf is picked, is dried through over cleaning, machinery is carried out and beats removal of impurities, then pre-processed with Compound-acid, processing time 10-30min, 50-70 DEG C of temperature, bath raio 1:20;The formula of Compound-acid is:Citric acid 2-4g/L, oxalic acid 1-2g/L, malic acid 1-2g/L, tartaric acid 1-2g/L;
(2)Low-temperature plasma processing:
Pretreated garlic bolt leaf fibre is washed 2-3 times, dries, is placed in the reative cell of plasma generator, is closed anti- Room is answered, is vacuumized, oxygen is accessed, opens radio-frequency power supply after steady air current, power 300-400W, processing time 3-5min, It deflates, opens vacuum chamber, take out garlic bolt leaf fibre;
(3)Microwave irradiation and complex enzyme alternate treatment:
By low-temperature plasma treated garlic bolt leaf fibre is put into normal pressure microwave quick-reaction system progress first time microwave spoke According to range of microwave power is 500-800W, and the time is 20-40 seconds, and 60-70 DEG C of temperature then takes out, and is immersed in the first complex enzyme In treatment fluid, the group of the first complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acid pectase, neutral cellulase, hemicellulase, paint Then enzyme and protease carry out second of microwave irradiation, range of microwave power is 500-800W, and the time is 10-20 seconds, temperature It 60-70 DEG C, then takes out, is immersed in the second complex enzyme treatment fluid, the group of the second complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes acidity Cellulase and zytase, wherein the parameter of secondary compound enzymatic treatment is bath raio 1:20, time 10-30min, temperature 40- 44℃;
(4)Wash, soap, being dehydrated, shaking up, oil supply, drying;
The group of the first complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acid pectase 2g/L, neutral cellulase 1g/L, hemicellulase 0.2g/L, laccase 0.2g/L, proteinase-10 .2 g/L;The group of the second complex enzyme treatment fluid becomes:Acidic cellulase 1g/L and zytase 0.15g/L.
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CN101712179A (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-05-26 南京林业大学 Manufacturing method of cold plasma modified cellulolytic enzyme lignin/plant fiber composite material
CN103835002A (en) * 2013-11-10 2014-06-04 姜著川 Method for degumming ambary by low-temperature plasma and biological enzyme
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