CN105898898A - Information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network - Google Patents

Information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105898898A
CN105898898A CN201610447202.XA CN201610447202A CN105898898A CN 105898898 A CN105898898 A CN 105898898A CN 201610447202 A CN201610447202 A CN 201610447202A CN 105898898 A CN105898898 A CN 105898898A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
information
node
network
data
aggregation node
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Pending
Application number
CN201610447202.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万滨
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Qingdao Keen Ruiwang Internet Technology Co Ltd
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Qingdao Keen Ruiwang Internet Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610447202.XA priority Critical patent/CN105898898A/en
Publication of CN105898898A publication Critical patent/CN105898898A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00 characterised by the use of electric means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/18Self-organising networks, e.g. ad-hoc networks or sensor networks

Abstract

The invention relates to an information monitoring system based on a wireless sensor network. The system is composed of a large number of terminal nodes, routing nodes and an aggregation node distributed in the wild, a wireless communication module, a wireless communication device based on a private network or a public network, and an upper computer positioned at a command center. The terminal nodes, routing nodes and aggregation node are distributed in the wild, and adopt an ad-hoc networking mode, and thus each node can communicate with each other and forward data. The terminal nodes periodically send environment information of currently located regions to the aggregation node, and the aggregation node sends the specific position information to the upper computer via the wireless communication device. The system can achieve multiple functions such as meteorological monitoring and early warning of diseases, and provide powerful information support for early warning of natural disasters, pest control and prevention, plant protection and scientific research, and has the characteristics of low power consumption, high density, high robustness, instantaneity, high detection precision and strong anti-interference performance.

Description

A kind of information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network, belong to information monitoring technical field.
Background technology
The disasters such as earthquake, mud-rock flow, forest fire, because its time of origin is short, destructive greatly, easily cause great personnel Injures and deaths and tremendous economic loss, ecological environment disaster simultaneously is the most increasingly serious, and people are to every environmental index degree of concern more Come the highest." the Construction of Independent Innovation Ability planning of " 12 " country " is pointed out, accident monitoring and warning skill to be strengthened Art ability, soundly matter earthquake disaster, meteorological disaster, bloods and droughts, ecological environment disaster, Oceanic disasters, biological calamity Natural calamity monitoring system and the early-warning and predicting information promulgating platforms such as evil and Forset and glassland fire.
Traditional Natural calamity monitoring system, mostly uses and artificially collects mode, there is data collection not in time, and information is covered The shortcoming that capping is not enough.Along with science and technology development, wild environment monitoring day by day move towards intellectuality, systematization, Synthesization, occurs in that the environmental monitoring system of application sensor network, and wireless sensor network technology extends sensor Perception feeler, it is achieved to the noncontact transmission of target status information, in real time monitoring, collaborative process, substantially increase information Real-time, reliability and the motility gathered.
Compared with traditional environmental monitoring means, using sensor network to carry out environmental monitoring has significant advantage: one is sensing The volume of device node is the least and whole network has only to dispose once;Two is that in sensor network, each node all can detect that The information of local environment is also aggregated into aggregation node, therefore has data acquisition amount big, the feature that precision is high;Three is wireless Sensor node has wireless communication ability, can carry out cooperative monitoring between node.Above feature makes sensor network Environmental change, sensor network Self-variation and network control instruction can be made reaction in time, thus be applicable to many Plant in environmental monitoring application.
Wireless sensor network technology is started late at home, is currently mainly in theoretical research stage, though existing open country Outer monitoring automatically, is also only limitted to a few independent demonstration area, the most only realize the management to subregion sensor and Scheduling, have ignored the fusion treatment of sensor acquisition information, it is difficult to meet the quick early warning of disaster and the need of emergency disposal Ask.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is the defect existed for tradition wild environment monitoring system, it is provided that a kind of cost Information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network low, that efficiency is high, precision is high, assists distributed dynamic information With perception and process, form comprehensive information monitoring system, in conjunction with sensor technology, embedding assembly technology, distributed Treatment technology and communication technology, the in real time various environmental informations in monitoring, perception and collection network distribution region, and to this A little information carry out fusion treatment, it is thus achieved that information accurately, and these information send to the user of needs.In whole network All nodes all have monitoring and the function of location, and command centre personnel can stay indoors, by upper computer software at any time Solving field condition, take measures in time, site environment information also can be checked by Website login at any time by domestic consumer, and this is System can make people obtain a large amount of information reliably with under any environmental condition at any time, can be widely applied to country's peace Entirely, environmental monitoring, natural disaster early warning, the field such as emergent.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network, it is characterised in that: by the great amount of terminals laid in the wild Node, routing node, aggregation node, Wireless Telecom Equipment, based on private network or the wireless communication module of public network be positioned at finger Waving the host computer composition at center, terminal node, routing node and aggregation node lay in the wild, use MANET mode, Can be in communication with each other between each node, forward data, terminal node timing can be presently in region to aggregation node transmission Information, these information are environmental information and positional information, and aggregation node is then to wireless communication module based on private network or public network Sending the environmental information of ad-hoc location, the environmental information of upper computer software labelling diverse location, user can Website login at any time Checking that site environment information understands field condition, the command centre personnel with authority can also according to circumstances control to set accordingly Standby.
Further, above-mentioned terminal node be responsible for environment information acquisition, routing node and aggregation node be responsible for route data, Building network, compositing terminal node is divided into four module: core processor module, wireless communication module, sensor assembly And power module, wherein, core processor module is by end node locations information, the ring collected together with sensor assembly Environment information, is sent collectively to aggregation node by wireless communication module;Wireless communication module is that terminal node realizes wireless biography Defeated core component, this wireless communication module meets wireless communication standard, is the support of wireless sensor network, its agreement The various equipment being positioned in consolidated network environment can be made freely to communicate;Sensor assembly is environmental information sensing Device, by sensor acquisition environmental information, by arranging a large amount of such node in the wild, forms a network, is formed Seamless monitoring to wild environment;Once there is ANOMALOUS VARIATIONS, abnormal environmental information and positional information by processing in environment Device module and wireless communication module feed back to aggregation node;Wireless Telecom Equipment gathers aggregation node data and passes to upper Machine;Terminal node is low in energy consumption, and power module uses battery to power, and battery altering frequency is low.
Further, the data that aggregation node completes to send routing node, terminal node collect, respond, and root Corresponding action is made according to host computer instruction;In wild environment information is passed to control by aggregation node by private network or public network The heart, through fusion treatment, when upper computer software reflects environmental information exception, command centre staff can send in time Alarm command, triggers alarm device, it is simple to relevant departments timely respond to;Data collection station is by aggregation node, channel radio Letter equipment, alarm device form;Wireless Telecom Equipment external expansion interface can mount numerous external equipment, passes through private network Or the data received are transferred to control centre's host computer by public network;Data collection station and the data interaction of upper computer end, Based on connectionless transport layer protocol.
Further, this system uses the technology such as cloud computing, cloud storage, based on unified environmental information data, and knot Synthesize ripe generalized information system, the management ambient condition in region, development trend are showed with the formal intuition such as data, figure Out, it is achieved data visualization.System is by technology such as telemetry intelligence (TELINT) extraction, data statistic analysis and management of information database Combine together, it is provided that the functions such as Telemetering Data Processing, management of information database, data analysis and aid decision, it is established that Wild environment information monitoring management system, improves monitoring efficiency, meets many Back ground Information demands.
This beneficial effect of the invention is: (1) is placed on the substantial amounts of sensor node of monitored area to wild environment by cloth Monitor in real time, once have abnormal conditions just can notify aggregation node in time and can quickly position, in remotely controlling Heart personnel just can take some stringent effort after learning accurate location, such as triggers alarm device, it is simple to dependent part Door timely responds to, it is ensured that life security, it is to avoid the heavy losses of property.(2) for substantial amounts of wireless sensor node, can To place it on ground, use special device to fix, prevent from being destroyed.(3) present invention uses the wireless of maturation Communication standard protocol, makes to be wirelessly transferred more stable, will not have influence on the work of other node because of the fault of a certain node. (4) present invention can use private network to transmit data, can be used for the region that public network does not covers, will not produce campus network, The Wireless Telecom Equipment extensibility used is strong, it is convenient to add the functional module needed, it is not necessary to increases extra purchase and sets Standby cost.(5) the upper computer software friendly interface of the present invention, can intuitively show wild environment information state, it is simple to control Center personnel processed notes abnormalities in time, positions ignition point, takes counter-measure in time.Domestic consumer also can be by logging in net Stand and check site environment information at any time.(6) present invention has low-power consumption, intensive, high robust, real-time, low one-tenth This, the features such as volume is little, strong interference immunity, fit entirely into wild environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the terminal node structured flowchart in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the data collection station structured flowchart in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic network structure in the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is described, in order to be better understood from the present invention.
Embodiment
In the embodiment of the present invention, wild environment information is monitored in real time, soon by setting up a wireless sensor network Speed identifies abnormal environment information, is accurately positioned, and by wireless private network or public network, environmental information is passed to command centre, Intuitively demonstrate wild environment situation on upper computer software, or check wild environment situation by Website login, there is low one-tenth The features such as basis, low-power consumption, strong interference immunity.
Information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network in the embodiment of the present invention, by the great amount of terminals laid in the wild Node, routing node, aggregation node, Wireless Telecom Equipment, based on private network or the wireless communication module of public network be positioned at finger Waving the host computer composition at center, terminal node, routing node and aggregation node lay in the wild, use MANET mode, Can be in communication with each other between each node, forward data, terminal node timing can be presently in region to aggregation node transmission Information, these information are environmental information and positional information, and aggregation node is then to wireless communication module based on private network or public network Sending the environmental information of ad-hoc location, the environmental information of upper computer software labelling diverse location, user can Website login at any time Checking that site environment information understands field condition, the command centre personnel with authority can also according to circumstances control to set accordingly Standby.
The present invention uses the technology such as cloud computing, cloud storage, based on unified environmental information data, in conjunction with maturation Generalized information system, by the management ambient condition in region, development trend graphically, show, real the formal intuition such as data Existing data visualization.The technology such as telemetry intelligence (TELINT) is extracted by system, data statistic analysis and management of information database combine together, There is provided the functions such as Telemetering Data Processing, management of information database, data analysis and aid decision, it is established that wild environment is believed Breath management system for monitoring, improves monitoring efficiency, meets many Back ground Information demands.System includes three aspects: the One layer is data collection layer, positional information and environmental information form basic database, and timing updates;The second layer is to be System public information platform, it is achieved to field natural environment, the forest reserves, the management of bio-diversity;Third layer is application Layer, sets up different data analysiss and aid decision-making system according to the different demands of user.
Above-mentioned terminal node is responsible for environment information acquisition, routing node and aggregation node and is responsible for route data, building network, The structured flowchart of terminal node is as it is shown in figure 1, compositing terminal node is broadly divided into four module: core processor module, Wireless communication module, sensor assembly and power module.
Core processor module, according to terminal node position, save location information, collects together with sensor assembly Weather environment information, is sent collectively to aggregation node by wireless communication module, has stability strong, low in energy consumption, receives Highly sensitive, the feature such as strong interference immunity.
Wireless communication module is the core component that terminal node is capable of being wirelessly transferred, and this wireless communication module meets wireless Communication standard, is the support of wireless sensor network, its agreement can make the various equipment that are positioned in consolidated network environment from Communicated by ground.
Sensor assembly is mainly JA(junction ambient) information sensor, by sensor acquisition environmental information, by cloth in the wild Put a large amount of such node, form a network, form the seamless monitoring to field.Once the environment of current location will Changing, environment and the positional information of this position feed back to aggregation node by processor module and wireless communication module, Finally feed back to control centre's host computer.
Power module mainly uses battery to power, and feature low in energy consumption based on terminal node, battery altering frequency is low.
Data collection station groundwork has been that the data sending terminal node collect, respond, and according to upper Corresponding action is made in machine instruction.In wild environment information is passed to control by data collection station by private network or public network The heart, reflects when having abnormal conditions by upper computer software, and staff can send alarm command in time, triggers dress of reporting to the police Put, it is simple to relevant departments timely respond to.Data collection station structure is as shown in Figure 2.High property is comprised in Wireless Telecom Equipment Energy processor, data-handling capacity is strong, and stable performance, real-time, graft procedure system carries out task scheduling thereon And management so that it is with better function, external expansion interface can mount numerous external equipment.
The data received can be transferred to control centre's host computer by private network or public network by Wireless Telecom Equipment.Shown in Fig. 3 It it is the network structure of data collection station and control centre's server communication.Data collection station and control centre's server end Data interaction, based on connectionless transport layer protocol.Upper computer software friendly interface, can intuitively demonstrate wild environment Information, and according to circumstances field apparatus is controlled.
The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that come for those skilled in the art Saying, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, it is also possible to make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also regard For protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. an information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network, it is characterised in that: a large amount of by lay in the wild Terminal node, routing node, aggregation node, Wireless Telecom Equipment, based on private network or the wireless communication module of public network and position Host computer in command centre forms;Terminal node, routing node and aggregation node lay in the wild, use MANET side Formula, can be in communication with each other between each node, forwards data, and terminal node timing can be presently in ground to aggregation node transmission The information in territory, these information are environmental information and positional information, and aggregation node is to radio communication mold based on private network or public network Block sends the environmental information of ad-hoc location, and the environmental information of upper computer software labelling diverse location, user can be reached by net Network checks that site environment information understands field condition, and the command centre personnel with authority can also according to circumstances control accordingly Equipment.
Information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute Stating terminal node to be responsible for environment information acquisition, routing node and aggregation node and be responsible for route data, building network, terminal saves Put and be divided into four modules: core processor module, wireless communication module, sensor assembly and power module, wherein, core Heart processor module, by end node locations information, the environmental information collected together with sensor assembly, passes through radio communication Module is sent collectively to aggregation node;Wireless communication module is the core component that terminal node realizes being wirelessly transferred, and is wireless The support of sensor network, its agreement can make the various equipment being positioned in consolidated network environment freely communicate;Pass Sensor module is environmental information sensor, by arranging substantial amounts of node in the wild, forms a wireless network, and it is right to be formed The seamless monitoring of wild environment;Abnormal environmental information and positional information are fed back by processor module and wireless communication module To aggregation node;Wireless Telecom Equipment gathers aggregation node data and passes to host computer;Terminal node is low in energy consumption, power supply mould Block uses battery to power, and battery altering frequency is low.
Information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute Stating aggregation node, the data sending routing node, terminal node collect, respond, and refer to according to host computer decision-making Corresponding action is made in order;When wild environment information is passed to control centre by private network or public network by aggregation node, by upper When position machine software reflects environmental information exception, staff can send alarm command in time, triggers alarm device, it is simple to Timely responding to, domestic consumer can be reached by network and check site environment information;Data collection station is by aggregation node, nothing Line communication equipment, alarm device form;Wireless Telecom Equipment external expansion interface can mount numerous external equipment, passes through The data received are transferred to control centre's host computer by private network or public network;The data of data collection station and upper computer end are handed over Mutually, based on connectionless transport layer protocol;System uses the technology such as cloud computing, cloud storage, with unified environmental information number Based on according to, in conjunction with ripe generalized information system, by the management ambient condition in region, development trend graphically, the shape such as data Formula shows intuitively, it is achieved data visualization;System is by telemetry intelligence (TELINT) extraction, data statistic analysis and information data The technology such as library management combine together, it is provided that Telemetering Data Processing, management of information database, data analysis and aid decision etc. Function, it is established that wild environment information monitoring management system, improves monitoring efficiency, meets many Back ground Information demands.
CN201610447202.XA 2016-06-12 2016-06-12 Information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network Pending CN105898898A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106131224A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-11-16 孟玲 A kind of data transmission system
CN106254513A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 孟玲 A kind of insect pest monitoring and warning system based on cloud computing platform
CN110415490A (en) * 2019-08-06 2019-11-05 成都雷尼尔科技有限公司 Geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword
CN113393647A (en) * 2021-05-12 2021-09-14 深圳市北斗云信息技术有限公司 Trigger type disaster monitoring system and method with multi-communication means integrated

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CN202019371U (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-10-26 山东财政学院 Environment information remote inquiry and real-time alarm system
CN102890142A (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-01-23 华东理工大学 Online lake water quality monitoring system based on internet of things
CN104332042A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-04 浙江大学 Arduino-based wireless sensor network island parameter monitoring system
CN104713600A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-17 青岛理工大学 Real-time dynamic urban atmospheric environment monitoring system integrating ZigBee technique and GIS technique

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202019371U (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-10-26 山东财政学院 Environment information remote inquiry and real-time alarm system
CN102196601A (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-09-21 大连理工大学 Wireless data transmission device based on WSN (wireless sensor network), GPRS (general packet radio service) and GPS (global position system)
CN102890142A (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-01-23 华东理工大学 Online lake water quality monitoring system based on internet of things
CN104332042A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-04 浙江大学 Arduino-based wireless sensor network island parameter monitoring system
CN104713600A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-17 青岛理工大学 Real-time dynamic urban atmospheric environment monitoring system integrating ZigBee technique and GIS technique

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106131224A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-11-16 孟玲 A kind of data transmission system
CN106254513A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 孟玲 A kind of insect pest monitoring and warning system based on cloud computing platform
CN110415490A (en) * 2019-08-06 2019-11-05 成都雷尼尔科技有限公司 Geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword
CN113393647A (en) * 2021-05-12 2021-09-14 深圳市北斗云信息技术有限公司 Trigger type disaster monitoring system and method with multi-communication means integrated

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