CN105897149B - A flexible sheet for a solar cell battery case - Google Patents

A flexible sheet for a solar cell battery case Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105897149B
CN105897149B CN201610282160.9A CN201610282160A CN105897149B CN 105897149 B CN105897149 B CN 105897149B CN 201610282160 A CN201610282160 A CN 201610282160A CN 105897149 B CN105897149 B CN 105897149B
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flexible
solar cell
battery case
textile
knitting
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CN201610282160.9A
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CN105897149A (en
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赵晋
景文玥
韩旭
李锦芳
于滨
张仁杰
董卫国
韩振邦
朱若英
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天津工业大学
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Abstract

本发明涉及种太阳能电池片用柔性电池盒,属于纺织、能源等学科的交叉领域。 The present invention relates to a flexible solar cell species battery case, subject belongs to the intersection of textile and energy. 本发明利用纺织领域的编织纱技术将包有阻燃层的极细金属导电纤维编植入纺织品内部,形成柔性电子传导体系;使用时尚的相框造型,将已有的太阳能电池片通过植入纺织品内部的电路进行串、并联,同时与附属的升压电路板及USB接口连接起来,形成柔性太阳能电池盒。 The present invention utilizes the art of textile technology knitting yarn package has fine electrically conductive metal layer is flame-retardant fiber textile knitting implanted into the interior, forming a flexible conductive electron system; using frame shape fashion, the conventional solar cells by implantation of textiles internal circuit series-parallel, and connected to the booster circuit board attached and USB interface, forming a flexible solar cell cartridge. 此太阳能电池片用柔性电池盒在不影响室内美观且不占用普通地面活动空间的前提下,易清洗,性能稳定。 Under the premise of the solar cell sheet of a flexible battery case without affecting the beauty of the room does not take up space in the common ground, easy to clean, stable performance. 本发明整合了太阳能电池组和柔性电路体系的优点,利用智能纺织品的方式,简便地将太阳能的光伏效应应用于家居生活,作为电能的重要补充。 The present invention integrates the advantages of the solar cell and a flexible circuit system, using a smart textiles embodiment, the photovoltaic effect of the solar easily applied to home life, as an important complement to the electric energy. 本发明应用广泛,操作简单,整体性能稳定,具备产业化的潜力。 The present invention is applied widely, simple, stable overall performance, with industrial potential.

Description

—种太阳能电池片用柔性电池盒 - kind of solar cell with a flexible battery case

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于新能源开发利用与智能纺织品开发的交叉技术研究领域,具体为一种太阳能电池片用柔性电池盒。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of new energy development cross-art research and development of intelligent textiles, particularly with a flexible battery case is a solar cell sheet.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 由于世界各国研宄者对太阳能发展的高度关注,太阳能电池从传统的第一代电池板迅速发展到如今的第三代包括量子点太阳能电池以及染料敏化太阳能电池为主的新型高效的电池片。 [0002] As the world's attention on the study based on the development of solar energy, solar cells from the traditional first-generation panels rapid development of today's third generation including quantum dot solar cells and dye-sensitized solar cell consisting mainly of new high efficiency cell sheets. 随着太阳能技术的迅速更新换代,越来越多的研宄者将注意力放在了将其应用领域拓展到普通的日常生活中。 With the rapid upgrading of solar technology, more and more research will focus on the traitor will expand to normal daily life in their applications.

[0003] 现有概念版利用太阳能的智能纺织品中,太阳能电池片只是机械性地粘贴在织物或柔性载体表面,其载体本身在整体光电转换过程中不提供任何附加功能,反而太阳能电池片及其附属导线的加入影响了织物等柔性载体在使用过程中的灵活度,同时,左右缠绕的电线也会影响整体美观度;且普通电线外皮的胶皮暴露在强阳光下长时间进行照射,安全方面存在一定隐患。 [0003] smart textiles prior version of the concept of utilizing solar energy, the solar cells only mechanically attached to the surface of a fabric or a flexible carrier, which carrier itself does not provide any additional functionality in the overall process of the photoelectric conversion, but their solar cells Effect of the added subsidiary wire flexibility flexible carrier fabric and the like during use, while wound around the wire will affect the overall aesthetics; normal cable sheath and rubber exposed to strong sunlight for a long time exposure, the presence of security certain risks. 由于上述缺陷的制约,太阳能电池片在普通家用领域上的应用出现了瓶颈期。 Since the constraints of the above drawbacks, the application of solar cells on a common household art bottleneck occurred.

[0004]为了增大太阳能电源的功率,有些太阳能移动电源使用了多片折叠的方式来解决问题,如专利CN201639317公开的一种折叠式太阳能充电器。 [0004] In order to increase the power of the solar power, solar energy and some mobile power uses multiple sheet folded manner to solve the problem, Patent CN201639317 discloses a foldable solar charger. 这种将太阳能电池组装的方式在柔性上依然存在较大的欠缺。 This manner of assembling the solar cell still has enough lacking in flexibility. 专利CN102780252A是通过卷轴的方式增加电池盒的柔性及便携性,但成本相对较高,推广存在一定难度。 Patent CN102780252A spool is increased by the way of flexibility and portability of the battery case, but the cost is relatively high, there is a certain difficulty promotion.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]针对现有技术的不足,本发明提供了一种太阳能电池片用柔性电池盒。 [0005] for the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a solar cell sheet of a flexible battery case. 柔性太阳能电池盒生产过程简单,技术稳定性强,电池片可随时拆装,不影响纺织品的清洗,可以为包括柔性电池片、普通传统硅基电池片等以光伏效应为基础的光伏单电池提供以串联或并联的形式而形成电池组的条件,轻松达到连接USB接口对小型电器或蓄电池进行充电的目的。 Flexible solar cell production process cartridge is simple, technical stability, cell ready disassembly, does not affect the cleaning textiles, batteries may be provided as a flexible sheet include, Common to conventional silicon solar cells and other photovoltaic effect based photovoltaic unit cell in the form of series or parallel to form a group of the condition of the battery, the purpose of easily connecting a USB interface for small appliances or charging a battery. 实质上,本发明主要是利用纺织领域中编织纱技术将金属导电纤维植入纺织品纤维内部,形成可定向导电的柔性电子传导体系;使用相框造型,将太阳能电池片通过植入纺织品内部的电路进行串并联,同时与附属小型升压电路板及USB输出接口连接起来,形成太阳能电池片组载体的设计。 In essence, the present invention is the use of the knitting yarn in the textile art technique metal conductive fibers implanted into the interior textile fibers, forming a flexible electron-conducting system may be oriented conductive; use frame shape, the solar cells implanted into the interior through the circuit textiles series-parallel, and connected to the booster circuit board and a small subsidiary USB output interface, the design of solar cells forming the support group.

[0006]本发明所采用的技术方案,一种太阳能电池片用柔性电池盒,包括的具体步骤为: 将适度粗细的镀锡铜线(带绝缘皮)或锻银铜线(带绝缘皮)置于中心位置;4一一8根缠绕着任意类型的纱线纤维的纱筒分别固定在8锭低速编织机的纱锭上;调节齿轮大小与电机转速,使8锭低速编织机运转速率适中;编织纱编织完成后作为缝纫线,将其按照需要植入纺织品中,端头部分使用模型飞机配件中常用的接线扣(公母端头之一),将导线裸露部分封入接线扣端头内部;太阳能电池片两极的电线端头连接接线扣端头的另外一部分,通过插拔端头达到太阳能电池片与电池盒接入和断开的过程。 [0006] used in the present invention of a solar cell sheet of a flexible battery case, comprising specific steps are: tinned copper modest thickness (insulation tape) forging silver or copper wire (insulated skin) at the center; 8 4 eleven any type of yarn wound around the bobbin fibers are fixed on the spindle 8 of the low-speed knitting machine; regulating the size of the gear motor speed, so that the low-speed knitting machine 8 operating rate is moderate; after completion of the knitting yarn as a sewing thread knitting, which is implanted as required textiles, end portions using the model fitting commonly used in aircraft wiring buckle (one male and female ends), the exposed part of the wire is enclosed inside the buckle end terminal; solar cells poles snap-connecting the wire ends of another portion of the tip, by the plug tip reaches solar cell and the battery case access disconnection process. 操作方法简单,技术性能稳定,且安全系数较高;纺织品柔性电池盒另外一端连接小型升压电路板及USB输出接口。 The method of operation is simple, stable technical performance, and high safety factor; textile flexible battery case other end connected to the booster circuit board and small USB output.

[0007] 本发明的有益效果体现在: [0007] Advantageous effects of the present invention are embodied in:

[0008]本项目产品的设计思路既不同于现有的各种类型太阳能电池组应用系统,也不同于现有的其他硅胶银浆柔性电路的应用体系。 [0008] The product design concept of the project is different from the conventional solar cell applications of various types, but also different from the existing application system Other silicone silver flexible circuit. 项目首次将具有金属纤维芯材的导电编织纱作为太阳能电池片光生载流子中电子的传输通路,将光生电势相对较低的太阳能柔性单电池片串联成为一个整体,并以纺织品的方式组合进入相框型纺织品中。 Project the first having metallic fiber core conducting the knitting yarn as a solar cell sub transmission path of photogenerated carriers of electrons, a relatively low photo potential solar flexible battery cell sheet in series as a whole, and in combination of textile way into frame-type textiles. 本项目产品不影响室内美观,不占用普通地面活动空间,易清洗,性能稳定。 Products of this project does not affect the beauty of the room, does not occupy common ground space, easy to clean, stable performance.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0009]下面将结合实施例进一步阐明本发明的内容,但这些实施例并不限制本发明的保护范围。 [0009] The following examples further illustrate embodiments in conjunction with the present invention, but these examples do not limit the scope of the present invention.

[0010] 实施例1: [0010] Example 1:

[0011] 1)将直径为〇_3圓的镀锡铜线(带绝缘皮)置于中心位置,8根0.1mm直径的棉纱筒分别固定在8锭低速编织机的四周纱锭上。 [0011] 1) tinned copper wire having a diameter of a circle 〇_3 (with insulation) placed in the center, eight 0.1mm diameter cylindrical yarn spindles are fixed to the four weeks of eight low-speed knitting machines.

[0012] 2)调节齿轮大小与电机转速,使编织机运转速率适中。 [0012] 2) the size of the adjustment gears and motor speed, the knitting machine operating rate is moderate.

[0013] 3)编织纱编织完成后作为缝纫线,将其按照需要植入纺织品中,端头部分使用模型飞机配件中常用的接线扣(公母端头之一),将导线裸露部分封入接线扣端头内部。 After [0013] 3) completion of knitting the knitting yarn as sewing thread, which is implanted as required textiles, end portions using the model fitting commonly used in aircraft wiring buckle (one male and female ends), the exposed part of the conductor wiring enclosed buckle inner end.

[0014] 4)太阳能电池两极的电线端头连接接线扣端头的另外一部分,通过插拔端头达到电池与电池盒接入和断开的过程。 [0014] 4) The solar cell bipolar snap-connecting the wire ends of another portion of the tip, the tip insertion and ejection of the battery reaches the battery case and the access disconnection process. 操作方法简单,技术性能稳定,且安全系数较高。 The method of operation is simple, stable technical performance, and high safety factor.

[0015] 5)纺织品柔性电池盒另外一端连接升压电路及USB接口。 [0015] 5) a flexible textile battery case and the other end connected to the booster circuit USB interface.

[0016]实施例2: _7]将实施例1步骤1中的镀锡铜线(带绝缘皮)调整为〇.5mm镀锡铜线(带绝缘皮),其余同实施例1,串并联方式根据实际情况略作调整。 [0016] Example 2: [7] of Example 1, step 1 tinned copper (with insulation) is adjusted to 〇.5mm tinned copper (with insulation), remaining the same as in Example 1, series and parallel slightly adjusted according to the actual situation. ⑽18]实施例3: _9]将实施例丨步骤^〇3ram的镀锡铜线(带绝缘皮)调整为〇5mm镀银铜线(带绝缘皮),其余同实施例1,串并联方式根据实际情况略作调整。 ⑽18] Example 3: [9] Example embodiments Shu step of tinned copper 〇3ram ^ (with insulation) is adjusted to 〇5mm silver-plated copper (with insulation), with the remaining one embodiment, series and parallel in accordance with Example the actual situation slightly adjusted.

[0020]实施例4: [0020] Example 4:

[0021]将实施例1步骤1中8锭棉纱调整为4锭棉纱,其余同实施例丨,串并联方式根据实际情况略作调整。 [0021] Example 1, Step 1 8 cotton yarn was adjusted to 4, and the rest with the embodiment Shu, series-parallel slightly adjusted according to the actual situation.

[0022]性能测试例5: ^〇23]使用万用表测量整体植入纺织品内部的导电编织纱最终的导电性能,结果显示编j纱植入纺纟2品内部的过程没有对其基础导电性能产生任何影响。 [0022] Performance Test Example 5: ^ 〇23] measured using a multimeter entire implant final conductivity inside the conductive braid textile yarns showed a yarn knitting j 2 Si implanted into the interior textile goods during no conductive properties on its base any impact. 8锭棉纱编织外皮包裹^,、从表观上芫全与普通等直径粗细的棉纱相同,植入纺织品后不会出现视觉上的突兀感, 达到将线路完全隐身于纺织品的目的。 Knitting yarn sheath wrapped 8 ^ ,, coriander diameter full thickness like ordinary cotton yarn from the same appearance, the visual sense of not unexpected after implantation textile achieve completely hidden in the textile line. 同时,纺织品的柔性比普通的塑料片等其他柔性载体都_,眶手獻普糊纱_,麵刊接受細,#稀喊常使用。 Meanwhile, the flexible textile flexible carrier other than ordinary plastic sheet are _, P orbital hand lay yarn _ offer, acceptance fine print surface, # dilute call often used.

Claims (3)

  1. B 1•一、种太阳能电池片用柔性电池盒,其特征是,一种利用纺织领域编织纱技术将金属导3纤维植入纺织品纤维内部,形成可定向导电的柔性电子传导体系;使用相框造型,将太阳能电池片通过植入纺织品内部的电路进行串并联,同时与附属的小型升压电路板及USB 输出接口连接起来,形成太阳能电池片组载体的设计•, 所述柔丨生电池蓝制作工艺为:将直径为〇• 3mm的锻锡铜线置于中心位置,8根〇• lmm直径的棉纱筒分别固定在8锭低速编织机的四周纱锭上;调节齿轮大小与电机转速,使8锭低速编织机运转速率适于编织纱编织;编织纱编织完成后作为缝纫线,将其植入纺织品中,端头部分使用模型飞机配件中的接线扣,将导线裸露部分封入接线扣端头内部;太阳能电池片两极的电线端头连接接线扣端头的另外一部分,通过插拔端头达到太阳能电池片与电 B 1 • a, kind of solar cells of a flexible battery case, characterized in that the textile art utilizing techniques knitting yarn guide metal fibers 3 implanted inside textile fibers, may be oriented forming conductive flexible electronic conduction system; the use of frame shape , while the solar cells are connected to the subsidiary small boost circuit board and USB output interface circuit via an implanted inside textile series and parallel, to form a solar cell group • design support, said flexible Shu blue green cell production process: • 3mm diameter of the square at the center of the forging copper, tin, 8 square cotton • lmm diameter cylinder are fixed to the spindle 8 low-speed four weeks the knitting machine; regulating the size of the gear motor speed, so that 8 low operating rate spindle braiding machine adapted to braid knitting; after completion of knitting the knitting yarn as sewing thread, implanted in the textiles, the head portion fitting using model aircraft wiring buckle, the bare wire ends inside portion enclosed wiring buckle ; solar cells poles snap-connecting the wire ends of another portion of the tip, by the plug tip reaches the solar cells electrically 池盒接入和断开的过程;纺织品柔性电池盒另外一端连接小型升压电路板及USB输出接口。 Disconnecting the battery case and the access process; textile flexible battery case other end connected to the booster circuit board and small USB output.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能电池片用柔性电池盒,其特征是,电机整定电流范围为0•3-1•5A〇 The solar cell sheet according to claim 1 of a flexible battery case, characterized in that the range of the motor current setting 0 • 3-1 • 5A〇
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能电池片用柔性电池盒,其特征是,卷绕编织纱的齿轮直径大小为34-116rara。 The solar cell sheet according to claim 1 of a flexible battery case, characterized in that the gear diameter of the knitting yarn is wound 34-116rara.
CN201610282160.9A 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 A flexible sheet for a solar cell battery case CN105897149B (en)

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CN1650057A (en) * 2002-05-10 2005-08-03 沙诺夫股份有限公司 Plural layer woven electronic textile, article and method
CN204089706U (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-07 浙江环球光伏科技有限公司 Split-type portable photovoltaic power supply

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