CN105887784B - Poly- oil formula oil-absorbing ship - Google Patents

Poly- oil formula oil-absorbing ship Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105887784B
CN105887784B CN201610275526.XA CN201610275526A CN105887784B CN 105887784 B CN105887784 B CN 105887784B CN 201610275526 A CN201610275526 A CN 201610275526A CN 105887784 B CN105887784 B CN 105887784B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil
blotter cover
deflector
ship
hull
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201610275526.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105887784A (en
Inventor
乐京霞
罗五雄
申浩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhan University of Technology WUT filed Critical Wuhan University of Technology WUT
Priority to CN201610275526.XA priority Critical patent/CN105887784B/en
Publication of CN105887784A publication Critical patent/CN105887784A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105887784B publication Critical patent/CN105887784B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B1/00Hydrodynamic or hydrostatic features of hulls or of hydrofoils
    • B63B1/32Other means for varying the inherent hydrodynamic characteristics of hulls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/107Whirling means forming a vortex in the water; cyclones
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/204Keeping clear the surface of open water from oil spills
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T70/00Maritime or waterways transport
    • Y02T70/10Measures concerning design or construction of watercraft hulls

Abstract

The present invention relates to the poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ships of one kind, including hull and the Oil sucking device being located on hull, Oil sucking device includes downward opening blotter cover, blotter cover bottom margin can produce negative pressure, blotter cover inner concentric zone is equipped with helical blade and suction nozzle, suction nozzle inlet downward and is located on helical blade, and when work, blotter cover bottom is higher than liquid level, suction nozzle inlet is affixed on liquid level, helical blade is lower than liquid level.The oil-absorbing ship first by the floating oil collecting in processing region and then is concentrically formed thick oil pay, finally concentrates and takes away, and treatment effeciency is high, the oil slick for being suitble to processing thin layer oil slick and being distributed on a large scale.

Description

Poly- oil formula oil-absorbing ship
Technical field
The invention belongs to oil leak process fields, and in particular to the poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ship of one kind.
Background technique
Currently, handling oil leak waterborne traditionally uses following two method: 1) preventing sump oil from spreading by the oil fence, and lead to Cross conveyer belt and carry out machine driving and carry out oil slick recycling, this method need to arrange it is large-scale mechanical, it is heavy and should not operate, There is the oil leaks that can only recycle in distribution and be located at thick oil slick area for conveyer belt;2) burning processing is carried out to oil slick, and led to It crosses microorganism decomposition sump oil or greasy dirt is handled using chemical method, this method can destroy water environment, not environmentally.Therefore, it uses It is a kind of efficient, environmental protection mode that oil-absorbing ship, which carries out mobile oil suction processing, but existing oil-absorbing ship process range is small, uses The mode of oil pumping does not adapt to thin layer oil slick.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ship of one kind, the oil-absorbing ship first by processing region floating oil collecting, Then it is concentrically formed thick oil pay, finally concentrates and takes away, treatment effeciency is high, is suitble to processing thin layer oil slick and is distributed on a large scale floating Oil.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is that:
The poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ship of one kind, including hull and the Oil sucking device being located on hull, Oil sucking device includes opening down Blotter cover, blotter cover bottom margin can produce negative pressure, and blotter cover inner concentric zone is equipped with helical blade and suction nozzle, suction nozzle Enter mouth down and be located on helical blade, when work, blotter cover bottom is higher than liquid level, suction nozzle inlet is affixed on liquid level, helical-blade Piece is lower than liquid level.
Further, hull includes two sheet bodies and at least two across the connection being connected and fixed on two sheet bodies Bridge, the spacing between adjustable two sheet bodies of connecting bridge, one of connecting bridge are connected with oil suction by vertical telescopic rod Frame, oil suction frame are equipped with rotating disk, set in rotating disk there are two angular adjustment bar, fix one group respectively on two angular adjustment bars Oil sucking device.
Further, hull is equipped with bow deflector, deflector and stern deflector in ship, bow deflector and stern Deflector is arc-shaped, and deflector is in herringbone in ship and straight line portion is facing forward, and two Oil sucking devices are located at deflector in ship Straight line portion two sides, a bow deflector is respectively provided in front of two Oil sucking devices, and the head end of two bow deflectors extends It is biased on the inside of hull to sheet body, tail end, the rear of two Oil sucking devices is respectively provided with a stern deflector, two bow deflectors Head end extend to sheet body, tail end be biased to hull on the inside of.
Further, connecting bridge is successively hingedly formed by several segments, is connected between adjacent two sections by telescopic rod.
Further, cavity is equipped with inside blotter cover, cavities open is enclosed around blotter cover bottom one, and exhaust is equipped in cavity It fans, the exhaust side of exhaust fan is equipped with exhaust outlet on blotter cover.
Further, blotter cover bottom outer-edge upwarps outward.
Further, suction nozzle outlet end is connect with suction pipe, arrival end is equipped with support frame, and support frame bottom is fixed with floating body.
Further, the rotation center region of helical blade is equipped with several openings.
Further, the adjustable plate that can move up and down is equipped with below helical blade.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1. when work, blotter cover bottom margin generates negative pressure and the oil slick near blotter cover is attracted to inside blotter cover, revolve Rotating vane piece, which generates whirlpool, is attracted to the oil slick inside blotter cover in blotter cover center stack productive set, and finally, suction nozzle will float concentration Oil is taken away;The oil-absorbing ship first by the floating oil collecting in processing region and then is concentrically formed thick oil pay, finally concentrates and takes away, handles Oil slick that is high-efficient, being suitble to processing thin layer oil slick and be distributed on a large scale.
2. sheet body provides buoyancy for entire hull, connecting bridge provides support for entire hull, using two groups of Oil sucking devices, inhales Oil is high-efficient, and vertical telescopic rod is for adjusting Oil sucking device (Oil sucking device is higher than liquid level 5-8cm), angle at a distance from liquid level Adjusting rod is used to adjust the angle between two groups of Oil sucking devices, convenient for drawing greasy dirt with optimal posture.
3. greasy dirt after deflector straight line portion in ship, is split the Oil sucking device to two sides, bow deflector can be with More greasy dirts are guided by deflector straight line portion side in ship and generate preswirl (the increase greasy dirt residence time, convenient for inhaling Oil cover is collected), bow deflector can make seawater that can be whirled up on the inside of the hull to leave Oil sucking device, prevent from influencing hull side To stability.
4. the angle between adjustable adjacent two sections of telescopic rod, so as to adjust the spacing between two sheet bodies.
5. when work, empty chamber air is discharged exhaust fan from exhaust outlet, causes pressure in cavity to reduce, produce negative pressure Effect sucks outside air from cavities open (circle of blotter cover bottom one).
6. the form that blotter cover bottom uses outside to upwarp makes cavities open and blotter cover most convenient for the installation of blotter cover There is a certain distance, when preventing from adjusting blotter cover height, cavities open is closed by liquid level between bottom end.
7. floating body provides buoyancy for suction nozzle, so that suction nozzle inlet is affixed on liquid level and is not convenient for extracting greasy dirt, support frame is in addition to rising To except the effect of connection, it can also prevent floating body from blocking suction nozzle inlet.
8. rotating vane setting opening is convenient for improving the effect for concentrating greasy dirt due to gushing out directly up from central area Rate.
9. being prevented by changing adjustable plate in the thickness of the adjustable blotter cover central area greasy dirt in liquid level position below The blocked up normal operation for influencing Oil sucking device of greasy dirt.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the installation top view of Oil sucking device and hull in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the layout drawing of Oil sucking device in the embodiment of the present invention, sheet body and deflector.
Fig. 3 is the scheme of installation of median plate body of the embodiment of the present invention and connecting bridge.
Fig. 4 be Oil sucking device in the embodiment of the present invention, sheet body, connecting bridge and oil suction frame scheme of installation.
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view of Oil sucking device in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the scheme of installation of exhaust fan and motor in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the scheme of installation of suction pipe in Fig. 5, suction nozzle, support frame and floating body.
Fig. 8 is the top view of rotating vane in Fig. 5.
In figure: 1- sheet body;2- connecting bridge;3- pushes paddle;4- oil suction frame;5- angular adjustment bar;6- rotating disk;7- oil suction dress It sets;8- bow deflector;Deflector in 9- ship;10- stern deflector;11- telescopic rod;12- blotter cover;13- cavity;14- electricity Machine;15- rotary shaft;16- suction pipe;17- suction nozzle;18- rotating vane;19- adjustable plate;20- motor;21- exhaust fan;22- exhaust Mouthful;23- support frame;24- floating body;25- annulus;26- blade;27- connecting rod.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ship, including hull and the Oil sucking device 7 being located on hull, as shown in figure 5, Oil sucking device 7 includes downward opening blotter cover 12, and 12 bottom margin of blotter cover can produce negative pressure, 12 center of inside of blotter cover Region is equipped with helical blade 26(helical blade 26 and is connect across blotter cover 12 with motor 14 by rotary shaft 15) and suction nozzle 17(suction Mouth 17 passes through blotter cover 12 by suction pipe 16 and connect with oil-bearing structure, and suction pipe 16 is located near rotary shaft 15), 17 entrance court of suction nozzle It is lower and be located on helical blade 26 and (be equipped with three groups of suction nozzles 17 and suction pipe 16 above rotating vane 18), when work, blotter cover 12 Bottom is higher than liquid level, 17 entrance of suction nozzle is affixed on liquid level, helical blade 26 is lower than liquid level.
When work, 12 bottom margin of blotter cover generates negative pressure and the oil slick near blotter cover 12 is attracted in blotter cover 12 Portion, rotating vane 18, which generates whirlpool, is attracted to the oil slick inside blotter cover 12 in 12 center stack productive set of blotter cover, finally, suction nozzle 17 take oil slick concentration away;The oil-absorbing ship first by the floating oil collecting in processing region and then is concentrically formed thick oil pay, finally collects In take away, treatment effeciency is high, the oil slick for being suitble to processing thin layer oil slick and being distributed on a large scale.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, in the present embodiment, it is wedge shape, tail portion that hull, which includes the stem of two sheet body 1(sheet bodies 1, Equipped with pushing paddle 3) and at least two across the connecting bridge 2 being connected and fixed on two sheet bodies 1, connecting bridge 2 is adjustable Spacing between two sheet bodies 1, one of connecting bridge 2 are connected with oil suction frame 4 by vertical telescopic rod 11, on oil suction frame 4 It equipped with rotating disk 6, is set in rotating disk 6 there are two angular adjustment bar 5, fixes one group of oil suction dress on two angular adjustment bars 5 respectively Set 7.Sheet body 1 provides buoyancy for entire hull, and connecting bridge 2 provides support for entire hull, using two groups of Oil sucking devices 7, oil suction High-efficient, vertical telescopic rod 11 is for adjusting Oil sucking device 7 (Oil sucking device 7 is higher than liquid level 5-8cm), angle at a distance from liquid level Degree adjusting rod 5 is used to adjust the angle between two groups of Oil sucking devices 7, convenient for drawing greasy dirt with optimal posture.
As shown in Fig. 2, in the present embodiment, hull is equipped with deflector 9 and stern deflector in bow deflector 8, ship 10, bow deflector 8 and stern deflector 10 are arc-shaped, and deflector 9 is in herringbone in ship and straight line portion is facing forward, two oil suctions Device 7 is located at 9 straight line portion two sides of deflector in ship, and the front of two Oil sucking devices 7 is respectively provided with a bow deflector 8, the rear of two Oil sucking devices 7 is respectively provided with a stern deflector 10, the head end of two bow deflectors 8 extend to sheet body 1, Tail end is biased on the inside of hull.Greasy dirt is split the Oil sucking device 7 to two sides, bow is led after 9 straight line portion of deflector in ship Flowing plate 8 can guide more greasy dirts by 9 straight line portion side of deflector in ship and generate preswirl (when increasing greasy dirt stop Between, collected convenient for blotter cover 12), bow deflector 8 can make seawater that can be whirled up on the inside of the hull to leave Oil sucking device 7, It prevents from influencing hull lateral stability.
As shown in figure 3, in the present embodiment, connecting bridge 2 is successively hingedly formed by several segments, by stretching between adjacent two sections Contracting bar 11 connects.Angle between adjustable adjacent two sections of telescopic rod 11, so as to adjust the spacing between two sheet bodies 1.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, in the present embodiment, cavity 13 is equipped with inside blotter cover 12, cavity 13 is open around blotter cover 12 bottoms one circle is equipped with exhaust fan 21(exhaust fan 21 in cavity 13 and connect with motor 20), the row of exhaust fan 21 on blotter cover 12 Equipped with setting at the top of exhaust outlet 22(blotter cover 12, there are three exhaust fan 21 and three of them exhaust outlets 22 for gas side).When work, exhaust fan 21 air in cavity 13 is discharged from exhaust outlet 22, causes pressure in cavity 13 to reduce, produces vacuum effect, make outside air From the opening of cavity 13 (12 bottom one of blotter cover circle) sucking.
As shown in figure 5, in the present embodiment, 12 bottom outer-edge of blotter cover upwarps outward.12 bottom of blotter cover is using outer The form that side upwarps, convenient for the installation of blotter cover 12, make cavity 13 be open have between 12 lowermost end of blotter cover it is certain away from From when preventing from adjusting 12 height of blotter cover, the opening of cavity 13 is closed by liquid level.
As shown in fig. 7, in the present embodiment, 17 outlet end of suction nozzle is connect with suction pipe 16, arrival end is equipped with support frame 23(branch Support 23 will not block the entrance of suction nozzle 17), 23 bottom of support frame is fixed with floating body 24.Floating body 24 is that suction nozzle 17 provides buoyancy, So that 17 entrance of suction nozzle is affixed on liquid level and is not convenient for extracting greasy dirt, support frame 23 can also be prevented other than playing the role of connection Only floating body 24 blocks 17 entrance of suction nozzle.
As shown in figure 8, in the present embodiment, the rotation center region of helical blade 26 is equipped with several openings.Pivoting leaf Piece 18 includes annulus 25, the blade 26 for being fixed on 25 outside of annulus, the connecting rod 27 for being fixed on 25 inside of annulus, and connecting rod 27 is solid It is scheduled in rotary shaft 15, the gap between connecting rod 27 and annulus 25 forms opening.Rotating vane 18 setting opening convenient for due to Gush out directly up from central area, improves the efficiency for concentrating greasy dirt.
As shown in figure 5, in the present embodiment, the adjustable plate 19 that can move up and down is equipped with below helical blade 26.It adjusts 19 density of plate is larger, (can certainly be sunken in oil) with submerged in the water, adjustable plate 19 is connect (if adopting with drawstring or pull rod It is connected with drawstring, drawstring is symmetrically installed on the edge of adjustable plate 19, connects according to pull rod, and pull rod is mounted on adjustable plate 19 Edge, in short, drawstring and pull rod cannot influence the work of helical blade 26), pull drawstring or pull rod are i.e. changeable to adjust up and down Plate 19 is saved in liquid level position below.By changing adjustable plate 19 in adjustable 12 center of blotter cover in liquid level position below The thickness of domain greasy dirt prevents the blocked up normal operation for influencing Oil sucking device 7 of greasy dirt.
It should be understood that for those of ordinary skills, it can be modified or changed according to the above description, And all these modifications and variations should all belong to the protection domain of appended claims of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. the poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ship of one kind, it is characterised in that: including hull and the Oil sucking device being located on hull, Oil sucking device includes Downward opening blotter cover, blotter cover bottom margin can generate negative pressure, blotter cover inner concentric zone be equipped with helical blade and Suction nozzle, suction nozzle inlet downward and are located on helical blade, and when work, blotter cover bottom is higher than liquid level, and suction nozzle inlet is affixed on liquid Face, helical blade are lower than liquid level;
Cavity is equipped with inside blotter cover, cavities open is enclosed around blotter cover bottom one, and exhaust fan is equipped in cavity, is vented on blotter cover The exhaust side of fan is equipped with exhaust outlet;
Blotter cover bottom outer-edge upwarps outward;
Hull includes two sheet bodies and at least two across the connecting bridge being connected and fixed on two sheet bodies, and connecting bridge can be with The spacing between two sheet bodies is adjusted, one of connecting bridge is connected with oil suction frame by vertical telescopic rod, sets on oil suction frame There is rotating disk, set in rotating disk there are two angular adjustment bar, fixes one group of Oil sucking device respectively on two angular adjustment bars.
2. poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ship as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: hull is equipped with water conservancy diversion in bow deflector, ship Plate and stern deflector, bow deflector and stern deflector are arc-shaped, and deflector is in herringbone in ship and straight line portion is facing forward, Two Oil sucking devices are located at deflector straight line portion two sides in ship, and a bow is respectively provided in front of two Oil sucking devices and is led Flowing plate, the head end of two bow deflectors extends to sheet body, tail end is biased on the inside of hull, and the rear of two Oil sucking devices is respectively provided with One stern deflector, the head end of two bow deflectors extends to sheet body, tail end is biased on the inside of hull.
3. poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ship as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: connecting bridge is successively hingedly formed by several segments, phase It is connected between two sections adjacent by telescopic rod.
4. poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ship as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: suction nozzle outlet end is connect with suction pipe, arrival end is set There is support frame, support frame bottom is fixed with floating body.
5. poly- oily formula oil-absorbing ship as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the rotation center region of helical blade is equipped with several A opening.
6. formula oil-absorbing ship as described in claim 1 poly- oily, it is characterised in that: being equipped with below helical blade can move up and down Adjustable plate.
CN201610275526.XA 2016-04-29 2016-04-29 Poly- oil formula oil-absorbing ship Expired - Fee Related CN105887784B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105887784B true CN105887784B (en) 2019-01-22

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105836060A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-10 武汉理工大学 Oil absorption ship
CN108797537B (en) * 2018-06-16 2020-09-11 浙江雷奥重工机械有限公司 Oil stain cleaning device and method
CN109204721A (en) * 2018-08-02 2019-01-15 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of separable hull formula Multifunctional dirt-removing ship

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2010090C1 (en) * 1992-01-09 1994-03-30 Дмитриев Василий Георгиевич Device for cleaning of water surface from petroleum products
CN102808402A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-12-05 清华大学 Equipment and method for recovering and cleaning shipborne seaborne spilled oil
CN104691709A (en) * 2013-12-04 2015-06-10 威海中复西港船艇有限公司 Yacht having oil slick recovery device
CN204780833U (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-18 陈剑 Subglacial spilled oil recovery device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2010090C1 (en) * 1992-01-09 1994-03-30 Дмитриев Василий Георгиевич Device for cleaning of water surface from petroleum products
CN102808402A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-12-05 清华大学 Equipment and method for recovering and cleaning shipborne seaborne spilled oil
CN104691709A (en) * 2013-12-04 2015-06-10 威海中复西港船艇有限公司 Yacht having oil slick recovery device
CN204780833U (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-18 陈剑 Subglacial spilled oil recovery device

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Termination date: 20200429