CN105884526A - Soil remediation agent - Google Patents

Soil remediation agent Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105884526A
CN105884526A CN201610238349.8A CN201610238349A CN105884526A CN 105884526 A CN105884526 A CN 105884526A CN 201610238349 A CN201610238349 A CN 201610238349A CN 105884526 A CN105884526 A CN 105884526A
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soil
fertilizer
repairing agent
agent
preparation
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不公告发明人
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苗庆龄
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K17/00Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials
    • C09K17/14Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials containing organic compounds only
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F1/00Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/34Nitriles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/64Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with three nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/647Triazoles; Hydrogenated triazoles
    • A01N43/6531,2,4-Triazoles; Hydrogenated 1,2,4-triazoles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/20Fabaceae or Leguminosae [Pea or Legume family], e.g. pea, lentil, soybean, clover, acacia, honey locust, derris or millettia
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2101/00Agricultural use
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2109/00MATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE pH regulation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The invention discloses a soil remediation agent. The soil remediation agent is mainly prepared from raw materials in parts by mass as follows: 260-310 parts of organic fertilizer, 25-31 parts of a microbial agent, 0.03-0.07 parts of difenoconazole, 0.05-0.1 parts of pyrethrum, 0.03-0.09 parts of derris, 0.04-0.08 parts of chlorothalonil and 0.02-0.06 parts of lactobacillus plantarum. The organic fertilizer is taken as the main raw material, the microbial agent capable of reducing heavy metal in soil as well as pesticidal and bactericidal botanical drugs and chemicals is added, so that the fertilizer efficiency of the soil can be improved, and the soil remediation agent can go deep into the soil, improve the heavy metal pollution and control pest and disease damage.

Description

Soil-repairing agent
Divisional application, original applying number 2014105572670 , the applying date 2014.10.21 , title Have process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect and preparation technology concurrently.
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental conservation remediation contaminated soil field, disclose a kind of having concurrently and process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect and preparation technology thereof.
Background technology
Heavy metal pollution, refers to the environmental pollution caused by heavy metal or its compound, mainly by caused by the anthropic factors such as mining, waste gas discharge, sewage irrigation and use heavy metal goods.Heavy metal has the characteristic of not easily shifted dissolving, can not be discharged, can cause chronic poisoning after entering organism.Pollution from other organic compound is different, and heavy metal has enriching, and heavy metal pollution is difficult to natural degradation, as the heavy metal such as lead, cadmium enters soil environment, can accumulate and destroy the self-purification capacity of soil for a long time, make soil become " storage vault " of pollutant.Planting Crops on this kind of soil, heavy metal can be absorbed by root system of plant, causes crop production reduction or output heavy metal " poison grain ", " poison vegetable ".Member of Chinese Academy of Engineering Luo Xiwen once represented in October, 2011, and 300,000,000 mu of arable lands, the whole nation are threatened by heavy metal pollution, accounted for the 1/6 of farmland, whole nation sum.Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection's file shows, finds when to 300,000 hectares of Basic Farmland Conservation Zones soil harmful heavy metal sampling monitorings of China, and having ten thousand hectares of heavy metal-polluted soils of 3 .6 to exceed standard, exceeding standard rate reaches 12.1%.Ministry of Land and Resources's statistics shows, the current whole nation till the land area more than 10% by heavy metal pollution.Compared with atmosphere and water pollution, soil remediation seems more difficult, at present, countries in the world have a variety of for the reclamation activities that heavy-metal contaminated soil proposes, contaminated soil remediation mainly includes two big principles: containment, with removal, based on above-mentioned two big principles, contaminated soil remediation mainly has isolation embedding, solidification is stable, hot smelting separates, chemically stable, electro reclamation, soil moved in improve the original and digging, Soil leaching and biological restoration etc. (include phytoremediation), but all there is certain application limitation in every kind of measure, and there is other problems more or less, some of which is even difficult to the technological difficulties overcome.If it is estimated that repair these arable lands, demand fund will many trillion unit.Add that China's current soil pollution truth of a matter is unclear, soil remediation relevant law and shortage of standard, China's arable land heavy metal pollution reparation is shouldered heavy responsibilities.
Publication No. CN 102259110A(application number 201110121299.2) Chinese patent literature disclose a kind of Novel manganese ore soil microorganism restoring agent and preparation method, after its method is the bacterial strain filtering out and having high tolerance, absorbability to manganese, by biofermentation technique, develop Novel manganese ore penicillium terrestre renovation agent.Publication No. CN 103361072A(application number 201310289456.X) Chinese patent literature disclose cadmium pollution bioremediation agent and preparation method and application, it is by core rhzomorph 10-20 part;Nutritional labeling 10-20 part;Enzyme active material 2-6 part;Rhzomorph carrier 54-78 part forms.Publication No. CN 103864542A(application number 201410076185.4) Chinese patent literature disclose employing beast poultry manure be the soil-repairing agent of raw material, preparation method and purposes, soil-repairing agent is by mixed biologic carbon, fowl and animal excrement and soil, obtain composting material, again composting material is carried out compost treatment, the most available.
The recovery technique research of heavy-metal contaminated soil is the emphasis of current environmental engineering Science and Technology research; physics and chemical method in the most conventional heavy-metal contaminated soil restorative procedure; effect is directly, quickly; but lasting effect is poor; if improper use; not only do not reach repairing effect, there will be new pollution on the contrary.Use microbial technique to add organic process, then can reach safety, holding effect, comprehensive effect, but general renovation agent only has a single function, and the fungi-proofing and weight gaining effect without insect protected.
Summary of the invention
Not enough for prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of having concurrently and process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect, there is the features such as inexpensive, preparation is convenient, repairing effect is good.
The technical scheme is that
Have process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect concurrently, mainly it is prepared from by fertilizer, microbial bacterial agent, Difenoconazole, Pyrethrum, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, Bravo and Lactobacillus plantarum, the mass parts of each raw material is: fertilizer 260-310 part, microbial bacterial agent 25-31 part, Difenoconazole 0.03-0.07 part, Pyrethrum 0.05-0.1 part, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae 0.03-0.09 part, Bravo 0.04-0.08 part, Lactobacillus plantarum 0.02-0.06 part.
In preferred version, fertilizer 270-300 part, microbial bacterial agent 27-29 part, Difenoconazole 0.04-0.06 part, Pyrethrum 0.07-0.08 part, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae 0.04-0.08 part, Bravo 0.05-0.07 part, Lactobacillus plantarum 0.03-0.05 part.
It is more preferably, fertilizer 285 parts, microbial bacterial agent 28 parts, Difenoconazole 0.05 part, Pyrethrum 0.75 part, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae 0.06 part, Bravo 0.06 part, Lactobacillus plantarum 0.04 part.
Described has process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect concurrently, and preparation process is as follows:
(1) by fertilizer as on aseptic plastic sheeting, shakeout, cover aseptic plastic sheeting, ultraviolet sterilization, lift thin film, be placed in add shady and coolly microbial bacterial agent mixing standby;
(2) by Pyrethrum and Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, dried pulverizing, sieve, add water stirring, prepares suspension, it is sprayed at uniformly on the fertilizer of step (1) gained, dries in the shade, standby;
(3) Difenoconazole, Bravo and Lactobacillus plantarum are together put in dispenser, add water, make raw material fully dissolve with waddy stirring, then mixed liquor is sprayed at uniformly the surface of step (2) gained fertilizer, dry in the shade, obtain soil-repairing agent.
Described soil-repairing agent, 1-5 days (preferably 2-4 days, more preferably 3 days) of step (1) sterilization.
Described soil-repairing agent, step (2) grit number is 100-160 mesh (preferably 120-140 mesh, more preferably 130 mesh).
Described soil-repairing agent, step (2) water weight is the water of two kinds of raw material gross weights 300-400 times (preferably 350 times).
Described soil-repairing agent, step (2) mixing time is 20-60 minute (preferably 40 minutes).
Described soil-repairing agent, using method is that the soil-repairing agent prepared is sprinkling upon soil top uniformly, thickness is 2-6 centimetre (preferably 3-5 centimetre, more preferably 4 centimetres), again with rooter by uniform to soil-repairing agent and mixing with soil so that soil-repairing agent accounts for the 20%-30% of topsoil volume.
Described soil-repairing agent, the usage amount of soil-repairing agent is 42-48 ton/mu (preferably 45 ton/mu).
In the present invention, effect of each raw material used is as follows:
Fertilizer: fertilizer refers to the Organic substances such as the feces as fertilizer, straw, comprises muck, compost etc..Fertilizer is conducive to improving the fertility of soil.Sensu lato fertilizer: be commonly called as farm manure, forms including with various animals, plant residue or metabolite, such as human and animal excreta, straw, animal residue, slaughterhouse garbage etc..Fertilizer is commonly called as farm manure, refers to the slow-release fertilizer containing materials such as large number of biological material, plant and animal residues, Excreta, biological wastes.Not containing only the required a great number of elements of plant, trace element in fertilizer, possibly together with abundant organic nutrient, fertilizer is the most comprehensive fertilizer.Fertilizer effect in agricultural production is mainly manifested in the following aspects: after one, improvement soil, culture fertility organic fertilizer are manured into soil, organic mass-energy improves soil physical chemistry situation and biological nature effectively, vegetable soil, strengthening fertilizer supply and preservation ability and the buffer capacity of soil, good edaphic condition is created in the growth for crop.Two, increase yield, raising quality organic fertilizer contains abundant Organic substance and various nutrient, provides nutrition for crops.After fertilizer decomposition, providing energy and nutriment for soil microbial activity, promote microbial activities, accelerate organic matter decomposition, the active substance of generation etc. can promote the growth of crop and improve the quality of agricultural product.Three, the utilization rate fertilizer improving fertilizer contains that nutrient is many but relative amount is low, and slowly, and chemical fertilizer unit nutrient content is high in release, and composition is few, and release is soon.
Microbial bacterial agent: microbial bacterial agent is that Beijing Huimin reaches development in science and technology center and increases for arable farming and growing and transplanting seedling enlarged areas, continuous cropping continuous cropping, the situation that diseases and pests of agronomic crop is on the rise uses the disease-resistant bacterial manure of new bio that High biotechnology develops.Its function is: 1, improves soil microorganism flora, suppression soil surface characters breeding, can effectively prevent the root-rot of crop, found the diseases such as withered.2, activating soil is organic with inorganic nutrient, improves fertilizer efficiency rate, promotes that crop circulation, Prolonged absorption utilize.Extraneous root completely filled fruit in strong sprout.3, improving soil aggregate, elimination is hardened, and improves water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability, drought resisting, degeneration-resistant, cold-resistant, resistant to lodging.
Difenoconazole: these product are colorless solid, fusing point 76 DEG C, 220 DEG C/4Pa of boiling point, vapour pressure 120nPa(20 DEG C).Dissolubility (20 DEG C): water 3.3 mg/litre, is soluble in organic solvent.K (ow) 20000(is by anti-phase TLC).≤ 300 DEG C stable, and in soil, mobility is little, slowly degrades.Interior absorption sterilizes, tool protection and therapeutical effect.Difenoconazole is that in triazole bactericidal agent, safety is higher, is widely used in the crop such as fruit tree, vegetable, effectively prevents and treats scab, anthrachose of grape, white rot, spot defoliation, powdery mildew, brown spot, rust, stripe rust, head blight etc..Suitable for crop and safety Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, Radix Betae, Fructus Musae, cereal crop, Oryza sativa L., Semen sojae atricolor, garden crop and various vegetables Lays etc..When Semen Tritici aestivi, Fructus Hordei Vulgaris are carried out stem and leaf (Plant Height in Wheat 24~42cm) process, blade there will be metachromatism sometimes, but does not interferes with yield.Controlling object is to ascus subphylum; Basidiomycotina and embrace the Fungi Imperfecti including genus, ball seat Pseudomonas, Phoma, Ramularia, Septoria, Venturia include Alternaria, two armfuls of genus of shell, Cercospora, thorn dish; Erysiphaceae; Uredinales and some kind pass cause of disease mattress lasting protection and therapeutic activity; simultaneously to beet cercospora leaf spot; wheat glume blotch, leaf blight, rust and by several cause a disease microbial mildews; scab of apple, powdery mildew; uncinula necator; target, leaf spot of peanut, net blotch etc. all have preferable therapeutic effect.
Pyrethrum: the perennial herb of Compositae Chrysanthemum.The shallow silver gray of Herb, by patch volt fine hair, adaxial surface of the leaf Mao Gengmi.Pyrethrum head sequence inflorescence contains the insecticidal constituent of 4 kinds of 0.4-2%, i.e. pyrethrin first, second and cinerin first, second.Insecticidal power is the strongest with deinsectization element first.But above-mentioned 4 kinds of compositions are unstable, easily hydrolyze and lose efficacy.The pharmacological action of parasite killing is to benumb the nerve of insecticide;After insecticide poisoning, from the beginning of vomiting, dysentery, wriggling, then benumb, can lethal die before and after health, the length of lethal time is different according to dose and caste.General insecticide, after paralysis is drunk, can recover in 24 hours;After housefly poisoning, all benumbed in 10 minutes, mortality rate 60-70%.To joint echiuran, Fish, amphibious and reptile class is the most poisonous;Inconspicuous to birds, mammals toxicity.The insecticidal effect of pyrethrin first is stronger 10 times than pyrethrin second;Cinerin first is suitable with the virulence of pyrethrin first, and cinerin second is suitable with the virulence of pyrethrin second.
Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae: belonging to pulse family liana, climbing shrub, entirety is bald only.Odd number winglike compound leaf.Raceme axil is raw or side is born on old branch;Anthocaulus consor, slightly longer than calyx;Calyx is bell;Corolla butterfly, pink.Pod is flat and thin, the most avette or square is circular.August at florescence.Really phase JIUYUE.Its root is containing insecticide active substance rotenone and the like.Insecticidal rotenone spectrum is wide, can prevent and treat 800 various pests, be one of three great tradition pesticide plants.Root, stem: fly eradication maggot, and it is used as agricultural chemical insecticide.Branch, leaf: eczema is controlled in external, and Fengshi Guanjie swells and ache, treating swelling and pain by traumatic injury (skin does not breaks).This product contains Radix Seu Caulis Millettiae Lasiopetalae ketone, and poisoning insecticide effect is fine.Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae is as agricultural insecticidal medicine, and in composition, the virulence with rotenone is the strongest, and deguelin takes second place, and remaining is the most weak.
Bravo: efficient, wide-spectrum bactericide, has protective effect.Thermally-stabilised to weak acid, weak base and light, corrosion-free effect.Easily adhere at plant surface, resistance of rainwater washing against, general 7-10 days of the longevity of residure.It is mainly used in the preventing and treating of rust, anthrax, powdery mildew, downy mildew on fruit tree, vegetable.Efficiently, wide-spectrum bactericide, there is protective effect.Thermally-stabilised to weak acid, weak base and light, corrosion-free effect.Easily adhere at plant surface, resistance of rainwater washing against, general 7-10 days of the longevity of residure.It is mainly used in the preventing and treating of rust, anthrax, powdery mildew, downy mildew on fruit tree, vegetable.
Lactobacillus plantarum: Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus plantarum is the one of lactic acid bacteria, and optimum growth temperature is 30 ~ 35, anaerobism or amphimicrobian, and strain is straight or curved shaft-like, single, sometimes in pairs or become chain, optimum pH about 6. 5, belongs to homofermentative lactic bacteria.Main Function: 1, purify water: particularly cultivate the aging ponds of water quality such as middle and late stage, organic too much, Heisui River, Lao Shui, strong tea water, red water.2, Organic substance at the bottom of the pool is decomposed, deodorization, eliminate algae toxin, build good habitat.3, degraded water body ammonia nitrogen, the harmful substance such as nitrite, reduces organic oxygen consumption, indirect oxygen supplement, improves water quality.4, maintaining bath phase, bacterium is balanced each other, and reduces and stablizes water pH value.
The soil-repairing agent having process heavy metal pollution and weight gaining effect concurrently of present invention offer can be according to the heavy metal pollution degree of soil, carry out multiple repairing efficiency, within 6 months, it is a cycle, the content of beary metal in soil can be made to be gradually reduced, thus reach environmental safety standard.Soil-repairing agent of the present invention is mainly used in the reparation of one or more combined contamination soils slightly or in moderate cadmium, lead, copper, zinc and hydrargyrum, slight pollution soil, needs to repair 1-2 cycle;Intermediate pollution soil, then need to repair 3-4 cycle.Preparation method of the present invention is simple, has stronger comprehensive function to reduce the mobility of heavy metal ion, to cut down the absorption of soil heavy metal ion, additionally, beneficial effects of the present invention is also manifested by:
1, the present invention is main raw material with fertilizer, with the addition of and has reduction heavy metal-polluted soil and the microbial bacterial agent of saline and alkaline murder by poisoning, can not only improve soil fertility, also can go deep into the inside of soil, improve the soil of heavy metal pollution;
2, product of the present invention adds plant amedica and the chemical drugs with parasite killing and bactericidal effect, can kill soil inside and the insect on surface.
Detailed description of the invention
Describe technical scheme in detail below in conjunction with embodiment and experimental example, but protection domain is not limited by this.The present invention is raw materials used all can be bought from market, and such as microorganism used therefor microbial inoculum is the complex micro organism fungicide that Shijiazhuang Fen Doufei industry Science and Technology Ltd. produces;The microbial-bacterial fertilizer that this biotech inc rich, Shandong produces can also be used for the present invention.Lactobacillus plantarum used is purchased from Weifang Wo Teng Import and Export Co., Ltd..
Embodiment 1Have process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect concurrently, be mainly prepared from by following raw material: fertilizer 260 Kg, microbial bacterial agent 25 kg, Difenoconazole 0.03 Kg, Pyrethrum 0.05 kg, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae 0.03 Kg, Bravo 0.04 kg, Lactobacillus plantarum 0.02 kg。
The preparation process of the above-mentioned soil-repairing agent having process heavy metal pollution and weight gaining effect concurrently is as follows:
(1) by fertilizer as on aseptic plastic sheeting, shakeout, cover aseptic plastic sheeting, ultraviolet sterilization 1 day, lift thin film, be placed in add shady and coolly microbial bacterial agent mixing standby;
(2) by Pyrethrum and Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, dried pulverizing, cross 100 mesh sieves, the water adding raw material 300 times stirs 20 minutes, prepares suspension, it is sprayed at uniformly on the fertilizer of step (1) gained, dries in the shade, standby;
(3) Difenoconazole, Bravo and Lactobacillus plantarum are together put in dispenser, add water, make raw material fully dissolve with waddy stirring, then mixed liquor is sprayed at uniformly the surface of step (2) gained fertilizer, dry in the shade, obtain soil-repairing agent.
Described soil-repairing agent, using method is that the soil-repairing agent prepared is sprinkling upon soil top uniformly, and thickness is 2 centimetres, then with rooter by uniform to soil-repairing agent and mixing with soil so that soil-repairing agent accounts for the 20%-30% of topsoil volume.The usage amount of soil-repairing agent is 42 tons/mu.
Embodiment 2Have process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect concurrently, be mainly prepared from by following raw material: fertilizer 310 Kg, microbial bacterial agent 31 kg, Difenoconazole 0.07 Kg, Pyrethrum 0.1 kg, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae 0.09 Kg, Bravo 0.08 kg, Lactobacillus plantarum 0.06 kg。
The preparation process of the above-mentioned soil-repairing agent having process heavy metal pollution and weight gaining effect concurrently is as follows:
(1) by fertilizer as on aseptic plastic sheeting, shakeout, cover aseptic plastic sheeting, ultraviolet sterilization 5 days, lift thin film, be placed in add shady and coolly microbial bacterial agent mixing standby;
(2) by Pyrethrum and Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, dried pulverizing, cross 160 mesh sieves, the water adding raw material 400 times stirs 60 minutes, prepares suspension, it is sprayed at uniformly on the fertilizer of step (1) gained, dries in the shade, standby;
(3) Difenoconazole, Bravo and Lactobacillus plantarum are together put in dispenser, add water, make raw material fully dissolve with waddy stirring, then mixed liquor is sprayed at uniformly the surface of step (2) gained fertilizer, dry in the shade, obtain soil-repairing agent.
Described soil-repairing agent, using method is that the soil-repairing agent prepared is sprinkling upon soil top uniformly, and thickness is 6 centimetres, then with rooter by uniform to soil-repairing agent and mixing with soil so that soil-repairing agent accounts for the 20%-30% of topsoil volume.The usage amount of soil-repairing agent is 48 tons/mu.
Embodiment 3Have process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect concurrently, be mainly prepared from by following raw material: fertilizer 270 Kg, microbial bacterial agent 27 kg, Difenoconazole 0.04 Kg, Pyrethrum 0.07 kg, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae 0.04 Kg, Bravo 0.05 kg, Lactobacillus plantarum 0.03 kg。
The preparation process of the above-mentioned soil-repairing agent having process heavy metal pollution and weight gaining effect concurrently is as follows:
(1) by fertilizer as on aseptic plastic sheeting, shakeout, cover aseptic plastic sheeting, ultraviolet sterilization 2 days, lift thin film, be placed in add shady and coolly microbial bacterial agent mixing standby;
(2) by Pyrethrum and Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, dried pulverizing, cross 120 mesh sieves, the water adding raw material 300 times stirs 20 minutes, prepares suspension, it is sprayed at uniformly on the fertilizer of step (1) gained, dries in the shade, standby;
(3) Difenoconazole, Bravo and Lactobacillus plantarum are together put in dispenser, add water, make raw material fully dissolve with waddy stirring, then mixed liquor is sprayed at uniformly the surface of step (2) gained fertilizer, dry in the shade, obtain soil-repairing agent.
Described soil-repairing agent, using method is that the soil-repairing agent prepared is sprinkling upon soil top uniformly, and thickness is 3 centimetres, then with rooter by uniform to soil-repairing agent and mixing with soil so that soil-repairing agent accounts for the 20%-30% of topsoil volume.The usage amount of soil-repairing agent is 42 tons/mu.
Embodiment 4Have process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect concurrently, be mainly prepared from by following raw material: fertilizer 300 Kg, microbial bacterial agent 29 kg, Difenoconazole 0.06 Kg, Pyrethrum 0.08 kg, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae 0.08 Kg, Bravo 0.07 kg, Lactobacillus plantarum 0.05 kg。
The preparation process of the above-mentioned soil-repairing agent having process heavy metal pollution and weight gaining effect concurrently is as follows:
(1) by fertilizer as on aseptic plastic sheeting, shakeout, cover aseptic plastic sheeting, ultraviolet sterilization 4 days, lift thin film, be placed in add shady and coolly microbial bacterial agent mixing standby;
(2) by Pyrethrum and Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, dried pulverizing, cross 140 mesh sieves, the water adding raw material 400 times stirs 50 minutes, prepares suspension, it is sprayed at uniformly on the fertilizer of step (1) gained, dries in the shade, standby;
(3) Difenoconazole, Bravo and Lactobacillus plantarum are together put in dispenser, add water, make raw material fully dissolve with waddy stirring, then mixed liquor is sprayed at uniformly the surface of step (2) gained fertilizer, dry in the shade, obtain soil-repairing agent.
Described soil-repairing agent, using method is that the soil-repairing agent prepared is sprinkling upon soil top uniformly, and thickness is 5 centimetres, then with rooter by uniform to soil-repairing agent and mixing with soil so that soil-repairing agent accounts for the 20%-30% of topsoil volume.The usage amount of soil-repairing agent is 48 tons/mu.
Embodiment 5Have process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect concurrently, be mainly prepared from by following raw material: fertilizer 285 Kg, microbial bacterial agent 28 kg, Difenoconazole 0.05 Kg, Pyrethrum 0.75 kg, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae 0.06 Kg, Bravo 0.06 kg, Lactobacillus plantarum 0.04 kg。
The preparation process of the above-mentioned soil-repairing agent having process heavy metal pollution and weight gaining effect concurrently is as follows:
(1) by fertilizer as on aseptic plastic sheeting, shakeout, cover aseptic plastic sheeting, ultraviolet sterilization 3 days, lift thin film, be placed in add shady and coolly microbial bacterial agent mixing standby;
(2) by Pyrethrum and Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, dried pulverizing, cross 130 mesh sieves, the water adding raw material 350 times stirs 40 minutes, prepares suspension, it is sprayed at uniformly on the fertilizer of step (1) gained, dries in the shade, standby;
(3) Difenoconazole, Bravo and Lactobacillus plantarum are together put in dispenser, add water, be that raw material fully dissolves with waddy stirring, then mixed liquor is sprayed at uniformly the surface of step (2) gained fertilizer, dry in the shade, obtain soil-repairing agent.
Described soil-repairing agent, using method is that the soil-repairing agent prepared is sprinkling upon soil top uniformly, and thickness is 4 centimetres, then with rooter by uniform to soil-repairing agent and mixing with soil so that soil-repairing agent accounts for the 20%-30% of topsoil volume.The usage amount of soil-repairing agent is 45 tons/mu.
Test example 1 Embodiment 5 gained has the application of the soil-repairing agent processing heavy metal pollution and weight gaining effect concurrently: experimental field choose Copper Mine discarded at certain suburban area one, in the field of vegetables from mining area general headquarters 1km, field of vegetables is divided into the sample ground of 10m × 10m, layout in units of each sample ground collection, quincunx is used to layout method, take top layer (0-20 centimetre) a certain amount of heavy-metal contaminated soil, each some repeated sampling 3 times, the soil sample fetched is detected, pre-treatment and detection method are with reference to " standard of soil environment quality " (GB15618-1995) described execution, take the meansigma methods of last testing result, record the pH=4.67 of horticultural vegetable field soil, wherein the average content of heavy metal copper is 834 mg/kg.According to the using method described in embodiment 5, the soil-repairing agent of embodiment 5 gained is applied to this by the soil of copper staining.Observe the various chemical form ratios of Copper In The Soil after repairing after 2 months, the results are shown in Table 1.
Table 1
Use embodiment 5, after two months, the Cu content of soil available declines 58.2%, illustrates that the Cu that the available state of Cu can be bioavailable is converted or be degraded to more stable combination state and the amorphous carbon nanowires combined state being difficult to migrate by microbial bacteria used in the present invention and Lactobacillus plantarum.Soil fertility change is shown in Table 2.
Soil fertility situation of change before and after table 2 reparation
Using the soil-repairing agent of the present embodiment 5 gained after two months, soil physico-chemical property is substantially improved, and pH raises, and illustrate that microorganism used therefor bacterium has also activated that soil is organic and inorganic nutrient while Heavy Metals converting, adds soil fertility.After 6 months, heavy metal in heavy-metal contaminated soil is converted into immobilized heavy metal more, losing biological effectiveness, thus realize the reparation of heavy metal, the soil environment quality after reparation meets China's " standard of soil environment quality " (GB15618-1995) secondary standard requirement.
It should be pointed out that, the detailed description of the invention more representational example that is the present invention, it is clear that technical scheme is not limited to above-described embodiment, it is also possible to have many variations.Those of ordinary skill in the art, all within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any amendment of being made, replace, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. have process heavy metal pollution and the soil-repairing agent of weight gaining effect concurrently, it is characterized in that, mainly it is prepared from by fertilizer, microbial bacterial agent, Difenoconazole, Pyrethrum, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, Bravo and Lactobacillus plantarum, the mass parts of each raw material is: fertilizer 310 parts, microbial bacterial agent 31 parts, Difenoconazole 0.07 part, Pyrethrum 0.1 part, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae 0.09 part, Bravo 0.08 part, Lactobacillus plantarum 0.06 part.
The preparation method having the soil-repairing agent processing heavy metal pollution and weight gaining effect concurrently the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step is as follows:
(1) by fertilizer as on aseptic plastic sheeting, shakeout, cover aseptic plastic sheeting, ultraviolet sterilization, lift thin film, be placed in add shady and coolly microbial bacterial agent mixing standby;
(2) by Pyrethrum and Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, dried pulverizing, sieve, add water stirring, prepares suspension, it is sprayed at uniformly on the fertilizer of step (1) gained, dries in the shade, standby;
(3) Difenoconazole, Bravo and Lactobacillus plantarum are together put in dispenser, add water, make raw material fully dissolve with waddy stirring, then mixed liquor is sprayed at uniformly the surface of step (2) gained fertilizer, dry in the shade, obtain soil-repairing agent.
Preparation method the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that 1-5 days (preferably 2-4 days, more preferably 3 days) of step (1) sterilization.
Preparation method the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that step (2) grit number is 100-160 mesh (preferably 120-140 mesh, more preferably 130 mesh).
Preparation method the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that step (2) water weight is the water of two kinds of raw material gross weights 300-400 times (preferably 350 times).
Preparation method the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that step (2) mixing time is 20-60 minute (preferably 40 minutes).
Preparation method the most according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, using method is that the soil-repairing agent prepared is sprinkling upon soil top uniformly, thickness is 2-6 centimetre (preferably 3-5 centimetre, more preferably 4 centimetres), again with rooter by uniform to soil-repairing agent and mixing with soil so that soil-repairing agent accounts for the 20%-30% of topsoil volume.
Preparation method the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the usage amount of soil-repairing agent is 42-48 ton/mu (preferably 45 ton/mu).
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