CN105875154A - Strawberry planting method - Google Patents

Strawberry planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105875154A
CN105875154A CN201610249556.3A CN201610249556A CN105875154A CN 105875154 A CN105875154 A CN 105875154A CN 201610249556 A CN201610249556 A CN 201610249556A CN 105875154 A CN105875154 A CN 105875154A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
strawberry
soil
seedling
root
fermentation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610249556.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
范传红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guzhen Chuanhong Family Farm
Original Assignee
Guzhen Chuanhong Family Farm
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guzhen Chuanhong Family Farm filed Critical Guzhen Chuanhong Family Farm
Priority to CN201610249556.3A priority Critical patent/CN105875154A/en
Publication of CN105875154A publication Critical patent/CN105875154A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C7/00Fertilisers containing calcium or other cyanamides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F1/00Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof
    • C05F1/002Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof from fish or from fish-wastes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention relates to a strawberry planting method. The strawberry planting method comprises the following steps: (1) raising seedlings and screening robust seedlings; (2) fermenting soil; (3) ridging; (4) transplanting; (5) pollinating; (6) topdressing; (7) picking strawberry fruits when more than 80 percent of strawberry fruits become red. By adopting the strawberry planting method disclosed by the invention, the yield of the strawberry can be obviously improved, the strawberry taste and fragrance are improved, and not only can the economic benefits of growers be guaranteed, but also the healthy development of the strawberry planting industry is guaranteed.

Description

A kind of strawberry cultivation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture field, be specifically related to a kind of strawberry cultivation method.
Background technology
Fructus Fragariae Ananssae cry again raspberry, ocean the certain kind of berries, the certain kind of berries etc., be the fruit of a kind of redness.Fructus Fragariae Ananssae is to Rosaceae strawberry plants Common name, belongs to herbaceos perennial.The outward appearance of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae is heart, delicious red tender, sarcocarp succulence, containing special strong fruit virtue Fragrant;Strawberry nutrition is worth height, and containing abundant vitamin C, effect of helpful digestion, meanwhile, Fructus Fragariae Ananssae can also consolidate tooth Gum, fresh breath, moist throat;Edible Fructus Fragariae Ananssae is the etaerio of achenes that the holder of this kind of plant has expanded, its real fruit It is those tiny granules of holder surface, belongs to herbaceos perennial, floral white.Originating in the ground such as South America, Europe, China various places are all There is cultivated strawberry, also have wild;Pluck during fruit maturation between annual 5 ~ June.It is the most all listing in winter, because being all booth The anti-season fruit of plantation;Carotene contained in Fructus Fragariae Ananssae is the important substance of synthetic vitamin A, has improving eyesight nourishing the liver effect; Fructus Fragariae Ananssae all has certain nourishing opsonic action to gastrointestinal tract and anemia;Fructus Fragariae Ananssae is in addition to can preventing vitamin C deficiency, hard to preventing and treating tremulous pulse Changing, coronary heart disease also has preferable curative effect;It is adapted to greenhouse gardening, the strawberry cultivation method of high yield, ensure Fructus Fragariae Ananssae simultaneously Mouthfeel, fragrance are the problems that the plantation of high-quality strawberry greenhouse needs to consider.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to the plantation form for this Fructus Fragariae Ananssae of booth, by strawberry cultivating links is changed Enter so that it is reach industrialization level, and improve mouthfeel and the fragrance of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae.
In order to realize this purpose, we disclose techniques below scheme:
A kind of strawberry cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) nursery, and filter out sturdy Seedling and carry out detoxification, form virus-free strawberry Seedling to be transplanted, want many bands soil during lifting, pluck Except old residual leaf, seedling root is cut and stays 10 cm;
(2) soil fermentation: being mixed homogeneously with fermentation composition by soil, under conditions of 30 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, overlay film nature stacking is sent out Ferment is made;
(3) in August, start to take thin film off, after waiting soil dry, start to do ridge, add subterranean pest-insect medicine and the height of 50 jin every mu Effect fertilizer, carries out ridge;
(4) JIUYUE starts to transplant virus-free strawberry Seedling;
(5), after the flowers are in blossom, in booth, Apis is put into;
(6) start to chase after after spending and all withering to spread fertilizer;
(7) after strawberry fruit more than 80% is the reddest, start to pluck;
Described Fructus Fragariae Ananssae carries out drug treating, energy hestening rooting and growth to root system before transplanting, and soaks with the Nafusaku of 5-10ppm Root 2-6 hour;Can promote growth, increase yield, effect is notable;
Described fermentation composition is that middle ratio of weight and number is: animal wastes 1500-2000 part, rapeseed cake 500-600 part, Calx Nitrogen 100-200 part, richness takes root 4-8 part, cake fertilizer 50-100 part, the miscellaneous 20-40 of fish, poultry viscera 5-10 part, after uniformly rotation is mixed, water spray Spray thoroughly, covers with thin film, about 45 days;
Described fertilizer includes dish leaf, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, rotten Semen Glycines, fishbone, Os Sus domestica, adds, after putting into sealing cylinder, shape of rotting Become the fertilizer of high N-P-K content;
Beneficial effects of the present invention: a kind of strawberry cultivation method of the present invention, can dramatically increase the yield of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae, and improve grass Certain kind of berries mouthfeel and strawberry aroma, i.e. ensure that the economic benefit at plantation family, in turn ensure that the sound development of strawberry cultivating industry.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of strawberry cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
First at the beginning of by the end of March 4 months when, carry out nursery work, and filter out sturdy Seedling and carry out detoxification, formed to be transplanted Virus-free strawberry Seedling;The certain kind of berries carries out drug treating, energy hestening rooting and growth to root system before transplanting, and soaks with the Nafusaku of 5-10ppm Root 2-6 hour;Can promote growth, increase yield, effect is notable;
Carry out the process of soil in advance, complete soil fermentation work: mixed homogeneously with fermentation composition by soil, 30 DEG C ~ 35 Under conditions of DEG C, the fermentation of overlay film nature stacking is made;Described fermentation composition ratio of weight and number is: animal wastes 1500 parts, Rapeseed cake 500 parts, lime nitrogen 100 parts, richness takes root 5 parts, 50 parts of cake fertilizer, miscellaneous 20 parts of fish, poultry viscera 5 parts, after uniformly rotation is mixed, spray Water spray thoroughly, covers with thin film;Described mixed mixture overlay film under natural temperature conditions ferments one month, according to then Temperature condition, prolongation that can be suitable or shorten fermentation time, considering the soil after fermentation is black fluffy powder shape;
In August, start to take thin film off, after waiting soil dry, start to do ridge, add the efficient of subterranean pest-insect medicine and 50 jin every mu Fertilizer, carries out ridge, lays weep pipe respectively, covers mulch film and awning film, and it is 18 ~ 30cm that the soil fermented piles radius Semi-cylindrical plantation ridge, spacing 35 ~ 50cm between adjacent plantation ridge.Regulation canopy temperature to 25 DEG C ~ 30 DEG C, nocturnal temperature Being not less than 8 DEG C, JIUYUE starts to transplant on virus-free strawberry Seedling extremely plantation ridge, before florescence, carries out Fructus Fragariae Ananssae disease pest removal, it is ensured that grass The state without insect pest of certain kind of berries plant;By virus-free strawberry transplantation of seedlings;The embedded depth of seedling of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae to be considered during transplanting, accomplishes deeply not bury The heart, shallow do not leak root, fully water.Start to place Apis florescence initiating terminal when, all wither when spending, chase after after result Fertile.After strawberry fruit more than 80% is the reddest, start to pluck;After harvesting, Fructus Fragariae Ananssae puts into ventilation preservation.
By contrasting with traditional planting patterns, yield is significantly improved, and the mouthfeel of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae and fragrance Significantly improve.

Claims (3)

1. a strawberry cultivation method, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) nursery, and filter out sturdy Seedling and carry out detoxification, form virus-free strawberry Seedling to be transplanted, want many bands soil during lifting, pluck Except old residual leaf, seedling root is cut and stays 10 cm;
(2) soil fermentation: being mixed homogeneously with fermentation composition by soil, under conditions of 30 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, overlay film nature stacking is sent out Ferment is made;
(3) in August, start to take thin film off, after waiting soil dry, start to do ridge, add subterranean pest-insect medicine and the height of 50 jin every mu Effect fertilizer, carries out ridge;
(4) JIUYUE starts to transplant virus-free strawberry Seedling;
(5), after the flowers are in blossom, in booth, Apis is put into;
(6) start to topdress after spending and all withering;
(7) after strawberry fruit more than 80% is the reddest, start to pluck.
Strawberry cultivation method the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: transplant the front naphthalene acetic acid to root system 5-10ppm Sodium leaching root 2-6 hour.
Strawberry cultivation method the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that described fermentation composition is middle ratio of weight and number For animal wastes 1500-2000 part, rapeseed cake 500-600 part, lime nitrogen 100-200 part, richness takes root 4-8 part, cake fertilizer 50-100 Part, fish miscellaneous 20-40 part, poultry viscera 5-10 part, after uniformly rotation is mixed, water spray spray thoroughly, covers fermentation 45 days with thin film.
CN201610249556.3A 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 Strawberry planting method Pending CN105875154A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610249556.3A CN105875154A (en) 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 Strawberry planting method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610249556.3A CN105875154A (en) 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 Strawberry planting method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105875154A true CN105875154A (en) 2016-08-24

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610249556.3A Pending CN105875154A (en) 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 Strawberry planting method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105875154A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106212034A (en) * 2016-09-07 2016-12-14 淮南市农康农业科技有限公司 A kind of strawberry cultivation method based on ecological, environmental protective
CN107079688A (en) * 2017-04-22 2017-08-22 蚌埠市乔峰农业蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless strawberry
CN107182534A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-09-22 苏州蓝碧农产品发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of strawberry
CN107593318A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-19 镇江市丹徒区世业盛果农产品协会 A kind of strawberry cultivation method
CN108522165A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-09-14 山东胜伟农业科技有限公司 A method of planting organic strawberry on salt-soda soil
CN109220622A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-01-18 贵州金黔地生态农业有限公司 A kind of strawberry cultivating technology

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102577825A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 High-yield and pollution-free cultivation method for strawberries
CN102860190A (en) * 2011-07-04 2013-01-09 刘炜 Strawberry potting technology
CN103238454A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-08-14 管朝来 Strawberry planting method
CN103875390A (en) * 2014-03-06 2014-06-25 高洋 Potted strawberry cultivating method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102860190A (en) * 2011-07-04 2013-01-09 刘炜 Strawberry potting technology
CN102577825A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 High-yield and pollution-free cultivation method for strawberries
CN103238454A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-08-14 管朝来 Strawberry planting method
CN103875390A (en) * 2014-03-06 2014-06-25 高洋 Potted strawberry cultivating method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106212034A (en) * 2016-09-07 2016-12-14 淮南市农康农业科技有限公司 A kind of strawberry cultivation method based on ecological, environmental protective
CN107079688A (en) * 2017-04-22 2017-08-22 蚌埠市乔峰农业蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless strawberry
CN107182534A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-09-22 苏州蓝碧农产品发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of strawberry
CN107593318A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-19 镇江市丹徒区世业盛果农产品协会 A kind of strawberry cultivation method
CN108522165A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-09-14 山东胜伟农业科技有限公司 A method of planting organic strawberry on salt-soda soil
CN109220622A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-01-18 贵州金黔地生态农业有限公司 A kind of strawberry cultivating technology

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Application publication date: 20160824

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