CN105869251A - Switchgear equipment and authentication method thereof as well as switch system - Google Patents

Switchgear equipment and authentication method thereof as well as switch system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105869251A
CN105869251A CN201610331047.5A CN201610331047A CN105869251A CN 105869251 A CN105869251 A CN 105869251A CN 201610331047 A CN201610331047 A CN 201610331047A CN 105869251 A CN105869251 A CN 105869251A
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China
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ultrasonic
switching
signal
ultrasonic sensor
biometric information
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CN201610331047.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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闫满意
牟桂贤
余祥
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珠海格力电器股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201610331047.5A priority Critical patent/CN105869251A/en
Publication of CN105869251A publication Critical patent/CN105869251A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K9/00Methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns, e.g. fingerprints
    • G06K9/00496Recognising patterns in signals and combinations thereof
    • G06K9/00536Classification; Matching
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00563Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys using personal physical data of the operator, e.g. finger prints, retinal images, voicepatterns

Abstract

The invention discloses switchgear equipment an an authentication method thereof as well as a switch system thereof. The switchgear equipment comprises a switch device, an ultrasonic sensor and a processor, wherein the ultrasonic sensor is used for transmitting ultrasonic signals and receiving reflection signals reflected by a human body from the ultrasonic signals; the processor is connected with each of the switch device and the ultrasonic sensor and is used for controlling the starting of the switch device under the situation of identifying an authorized user by utilizing the reflection signals. Through the invention, the problem in the prior art that the face identification applied to the switchgear equipment is easily affected by the environment to cause low identification rate is solved.

Description

开关设备及其认证方法和开关系统 Switching apparatus and authentication method and switching system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及开关设备领域,具体而言,涉及一种开关设备及其认证方法和开关系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of switching devices, in particular, to a switching device and a switching system and an authentication method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]近年来,随着计算机技术的高速发展,图像处理技术越来越成熟,其中人脸识别技术得到了空前的发展,通过摄像头采集人脸图像,根据各种分析算法将人脸的五官特征向量、皮肤色调进行分析处理,合成人脸数字模型,将其与之前数据库存储的数据对比分析,从而达到人脸识别。 [0002] In recent years, with the rapid development of computer technology, more and more sophisticated image processing technology, wherein the face recognition technology has been an unprecedented development, acquired face images through the camera, the analysis algorithms in accordance with various features of the face feature vector, analysis and processing skin tone, synthesized human face model number, comparative analysis of the data which is previously stored in the database, so as to achieve recognition. 将这种识别的方式应用到开关设备上,以人体的生物信息作为密码或者钥匙,十分方便并且保密性高。 The application of such identifiable manner to the switch device to the biological information of the human body as a password or key is very convenient and highly confidential.

[0003]然而,目前这种技术存在诸多不足,很容易受环境影响,想要再进一步研究开发难度非常大,比如:周围环境光线的强弱,人脸对光线的反光程度,外因对人脸肤色的影响等等;虽然现在已经有光感三维面部扫描仪,但运用的基本都是可见光(激光等),给人造成诸多不舒服的影响。 [0003] However, at present this technology many deficiencies, is very susceptible to environmental influences, wants to further research and development very difficult, for example: the intensity of ambient light, the light reflective face of the extent of external factors on the human face color effects, and so on; although it has a sense of three-dimensional facial scanner light, but basically the use of visible light (laser), giving cause many uncomfortable impact.

[0004]针对现有技术中应用到开关设备的人脸识别容易受环境影响的问题,目前尚未提出有效的解决方案。 [0004] For the prior art applied to the problem of face recognition switching device susceptible to environmental impact, we have not yet come up with effective solutions.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]本发明的主要目的在于提供一种开关设备及其认证方法和开关系统,以解决现有技术中应用到开关设备的人脸识别容易受环境影响导致识别率低的问题。 [0005] The main object of the present invention is to provide a switching device and a switching system and an authentication method, to solve the problems of the prior art is applied to the switching device easily affected by the environment recognition result in low recognition rate.

[0006]为了实现上述目的,根据本发明实施例的一个方面,提供了一种开关设备,包括:开关装置;超声波传感器,用于发射超声波信号,并接收所述超声波信号经过人体反射回来的反射信号;以及处理器,与所述开关装置和所述超声波传感器分别相连接,用于在利用所述反射信号识别出授权用户的情况下,控制所述开关装置开启。 [0006] To achieve the above object, according to one aspect of the embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a switching apparatus, comprising: switching means; ultrasonic sensor for emitting ultrasonic signals and receiving the reflected ultrasonic signal is reflected back through the body signal; and a processor, and said switching means and said ultrasonic transducer are connected, for the case of using the reflected signal identification of the authorized user, controlling said switching means is turned on.

[0007]进一步地,所述开关设备还包括:信号放大电路,连接在所述超声波传感器和所述处理器之间,用于对所述超声波传感器接收到的所述反射信号进行放大处理。 [0007] Further, the switching device further comprises: a signal amplifying circuit connected between the ultrasonic sensor and the processor for the reflected signal received by the ultrasonic sensor performs enlargement processing.

[0008] 进一步地,所述开关设备还包括:滤波电路,连接在所述超声波传感器和所述处理器之间,用于对所述超声波传感器接收到的所述反射信号进行滤波处理。 [0008] Further, the switching device further comprising: a filter circuit connected between the ultrasonic sensor and the processor for the reflected signal received by the ultrasonic sensor to a filtering process.

[0009]进一步地,所述超声波传感器为多个,其中,多个所述超声波传感器设置在不同的位置,分别与所述处理器相连接。 [0009] Further, the plurality of ultrasonic sensors, wherein said plurality of ultrasonic sensors disposed at different positions, are respectively connected to the processor.

[0010]进一步地,所述超声波传感器包括:发射器,用于向所述人体的方位发射所述超声波信号;接收器,用于接收所述超声波信号经过人体反射回来的反射信号。 [0010] Further, the ultrasonic sensor comprising: a transmitter for transmitting an ultrasonic signal to the orientation of the human body; a receiver for receiving the ultrasonic signal reflected signal reflected back through the body.

[0011 ]进一步地,所述超声波传感器还包括:控制单元,与所述发射器和所述接收器分别相连接,用于控制所述发射器发送所述超声波信号以及判断所述接收器是否接收到所述反射信号。 [0011] Further, the ultrasound transducer further comprising: a control unit are connected to the transmitter and the receiver for controlling the transmitter to transmit the ultrasonic signal and the receiver determines whether the received to the reflected signal.

[0012]进一步地,所述开关设备还包括:检测器,与所述控制单元相连接,用于检测所述超声波信号发射方向上是否出现所述人体,其中,所述控制单元还用于在检测到所述人体的情况下控制所述发射器发送所述超声波信号。 [0012] Further, the switching device further comprises: a detector, connected with the control unit for detecting whether there is a human body on the radiation direction of the ultrasonic signal, wherein said control unit is further configured to the case of detecting a human body to control the transmitter to transmit the ultrasonic signal.

[0013] 进一步地,所述处理器上设置有控制接口,用于连接外部控制器。 [0013] Further, there is provided on the processor control interface for connecting an external controller.

[0014]为了实现上述目的,根据本发明实施例的另一方面,提供了一种开关系统。 [0014] To achieve the above object, according to another aspect of embodiments of the invention, there is provided a switch system. 根据本发明的开关系统包括:所述的开关设备;以及服务器,与所述开关设备相连接,用于存储授权用户的人体生物特征信息。 The switching system of the present invention comprises: the switching device; and a server connected with the switching device, for storing biometric information of the authorized user.

[0015] 进一步地,所述开关系统还包括:云端控制器,通过网络与所述服务器或者所述开关设备相连接,用于进行远程授权。 [0015] Further, the switching system further comprising: a cloud-based controller, is connected to the server via a network or the switching device for remote authorization.

[0016]为了实现上述目的,根据本发明实施例的另一方面,提供了一种开关设备的认证方法。 [0016] To achieve the above object, according to another aspect of embodiments of the invention, there is provided a method of switching the authentication apparatus. 根据本发明的开关设备的认证方法包括:接收超声波信号经过人体反射回来的反射信号;利用所述反射信号生成人体的生物特征信息;对所述生物特征信息进行识别,判断所述生物特征信息是否是授权用户所具有的生物特征信息;以及在识别出是所述授权用户的生物特征信息的情况下,控制开关装置开启。 The authentication method according to the invention the switching device comprises: receiving an ultrasonic signal reflected signal back through the body; generating biometric information of a human body using the reflected signal; identifying the biometric information, the biometric information is determined is an authorized user having biometric information; and is identified in the authorization biometric information of the user, the control switching means is turned on.

[0017]进一步地,对所述生物特征信息进行识别包括:将所述生物特征信息与数据库中的存储的授权用户的生物特征信息进行匹配,其中,如果匹配上数据库中的生物特征信息,则为授权用户。 [0017] Further, the biometric information identifying comprises: biometric information of the authorized user and the biometric information stored in the database to match, wherein, if the matching biometric information in the database, then as an authorized user.

[0018]根据本发明实施例,通过采用超声波传感器20发射超声波信号并接收反射信号,处理器利用超声波的反射信号识别当前用户是否为授权用户,并在识别出是授权用户时,控制开关装置开启,由于采用超声波来识别人体,不会受到周围环境影响,抗干扰能力强,识别精度高。 [0018] According to an embodiment of the present invention, and receives the reflected signal by using the ultrasonic sensor 20 emits an ultrasonic signal, the processor using the reflected ultrasonic wave signal identifying the current user is an authorized user, and authorized user is identified, the control device turns on the switch , due to the use of ultrasound to identify the body, not subject to the surrounding environment, anti-interference ability, high recognition accuracy.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019]构成本申请的一部分的附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,本发明的示意性实施例及其说明用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的不当限定。 [0019] The drawings constitute a part of this application are intended to provide further understanding of the invention, exemplary embodiments of the present invention are used to explain the present invention without unduly limiting the present invention. 在附图中: In the drawings:

[0020]图1是根据本发明实施例的开关设备的示意图; [0020] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a switching device according to the present invention;

[0021 ]图2是根据本发明实施例的超声波传感器工作原理图; [0021] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an ultrasonic sensor operating in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

[0022]图3是根据本发明实施例的超声波传感器的结构示意图; [0022] FIG. 3 is a schematic configuration of an ultrasonic sensor according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0023]图4是根据本发明实施例的开关系统的结构示意图; [0023] FIG. 4 is a diagram showing the configuration of a switch system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0024]图5是根据本发明实施例开关设备的认证方法的流程图。 [0024] FIG. 5 is a flowchart of an authentication method according to the present invention, the switching device according to embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0025]需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本申请中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。 [0025] Incidentally, in the case of no conflict, embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application can be combined with each other. 下面将参考附图并结合实施例来详细说明本发明。 Below with reference to accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.

[0026]为了使本技术领域的人员更好地理解本发明方案,下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分的实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0026] In order to make those skilled in the art a better understanding of the invention, in conjunction with the following drawings of the present invention embodiments, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described, obviously, the described Example embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention rather than all embodiments. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都应当属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts shall be made available, should fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0027]需要说明的是,本发明的说明书和权利要求书及上述附图中的术语“包括”和“具有”以及他们的任何变形,意图在于覆盖不排他的包含,例如,包含了一系列元器件的系统、产品或设备不必限于清楚地列出的那些元器件,而是可包括没有清楚地列出的或对于这些系统、产品或设备固有的其它元器件。 [0027] Incidentally, the above-mentioned book and in the drawings the term "comprising" and "having" and their rights, and any modification of the present invention, the specification requirements, intended to cover non-exclusive inclusion, for example, contains a list of Component system or apparatus is not necessarily limited to those expressly listed components, but may include not expressly listed or these systems, products or other components for device-specific.

[0028]本发明实施例提供了一种开关设备。 Embodiment [0028] The present invention provides a switching device.

[0029]图1是根据本发明实施例的开关设备的示意图。 [0029] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the switching apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图1所示,该开关设备包括:开关装置10、超声波传感器20和处理器30。 1, the switching device comprising: a switch 10, the ultrasonic sensor 20 and the processor apparatus 30.

[0030]超声波传感器20用于发射超声波信号,并接收超声波信号经过人体反射回来的反射信号。 [0030] The ultrasonic sensor 20 for emitting ultrasonic signals and receiving ultrasonic signals reflected signal reflected back through the body.

[0031]处理器30与开关装置10和超声波传感器20分别相连接,用于在利用反射信号识别出授权用户的情况下,控制开关装置10开启。 [0031] The processor 30 of the switching device 10 and the ultrasonic sensor 20 are connected, for the case of using the reflected signal identification of the authorized user, the control switch means 10 is turned on.

[0032]本实施例中,超声波传感器20既可以发射超声波信号,也可以接收经过人体反射回来的反射信号,其中,人体包括但不限于人脸,还可以是手指(3D指纹)、手掌(3D手掌)等身体部位。 [0032] In this embodiment, the ultrasonic sensor 20 may emit an ultrasonic signal may also be received via the reflected signal human reflected, wherein the body including but not limited to the face, also may be a finger (3D fingerprints), palm (3D palm) and other parts of the body. 超声波传感器20接收到经过人体反射回来的反射信号之后,可以将其转化成处理器30可以识别的信号。 After the ultrasonic sensor 20 receives the reflected signal reflected back through the body, can be converted to a signal processor 30 may be identified. 经过处理器30的识别之后,如果确定出当前用户属于授权用户,则控制开关装置10开启;反之,则可以通过报警器进行报警提示,或者输出相关的提示信息等。 After recognition processor 30, if it is determined that the current user belongs to an authorized user, the control switch means 10 is turned on; the contrary, the alarm may be performed by the alarm device, outputs the relevant message or the like.

[0033]超声波传感器20的工作原理如图2所示,超声波传感器20向人脸等部位发射超声波信号,由于超声波的波长短,频率较高,所以超声波在定向传播时,在两种不同媒质的分界面上,会出现类似于光线一样的透射、反射和折射现象,且恪守几何光学上的定律。 Working Principle [0033] The ultrasonic sensor 20 shown in Figure 2, the ultrasonic sensor 20 emits an ultrasonic signal to the face and other parts, due to the ultrasonic wave length, high frequency, ultrasonic wave propagation orientation, in two different medium the boundary surface, appear similar to the same light transmission, reflection and refraction, and abide by the laws of geometrical optics. 基于上述原理,超声波信号遇到人脸时,会发生反射,超声波传感器20接收经过人脸反射的反射信号,并将其转化或者处理之后传输给处理器30进行识别。 Based on the above principle, when the ultrasonic signal encounters the face, will be reflected occurs, the ultrasonic sensor 20 receives the reflection face after reflection signal, and transmits it to the processor, after conversion processing 30 or identified.

[0034] 处理器30可以是中央处理器,由于超声波在空气中的传播速度340m/s,结合发射与接收的时间间隔t,得到对应的距离s = 340t/2(m),基于该原理可以根据超声波信号及其反射信号得到人体各部位与超声波传感器之间的距离,然后利用分析算法把这些不同的距离形成人体的生物特征信息,构建成高精度人体数字模型,然后与数据库中存储的数据进行对比,从而确定此用户是否为授权用户。 [0034] The processor 30 may be a central processor, since the ultrasonic propagation velocity in air is 340m / s, in conjunction with transmit and receive time interval t, to obtain a distance corresponding to s = 340t / 2 (m), based on the principle ultrasonic signal and reflected signal to obtain a distance between the body parts of the ultrasonic transducer according to, and then use these different analysis algorithm of biometric information is formed from the body, the body constructed precision digital model, then the data stored in the database compared to determine whether the user is an authorized user.

[0035]根据本发明实施例,通过采用超声波传感器20发射超声波信号并接收反射信号,处理器利用超声波的反射信号识别当前用户是否为授权用户,并在识别出是授权用户时,控制开关装置开启,由于采用超声波来识别人体,不会受到周围环境影响,抗干扰能力强,识别精度高。 [0035] According to an embodiment of the present invention, and receives the reflected signal by using the ultrasonic sensor 20 emits an ultrasonic signal, the processor using the reflected ultrasonic wave signal identifying the current user is an authorized user, and authorized user is identified, the control device turns on the switch , due to the use of ultrasound to identify the body, not subject to the surrounding environment, anti-interference ability, high recognition accuracy. 另外,由于超声波频率超出了人的感知范围,可以在不知不觉中完成人脸自动识别,从而避免给人带来不舒服的感觉。 In addition, due to the ultrasonic frequency range beyond human perception, it can be completed automatically recognize human faces unconsciously, in order to avoid giving an uncomfortable feeling.

[0036] 优选地,本发明的开关设备还包括:信号放大电路,连接在超声波传感器和处理器之间,用于对超声波传感器接收到的反射信号进行放大处理。 [0036] Preferably, the switching apparatus of the invention further comprises: a signal amplifying circuit connected between the ultrasonic sensor and the processor for the reflected signal received by the ultrasonic sensor enlargement processing.

[0037]本实施例中,超声波传感器接收到反射信号之后,将该信号先通过信号放大电路进行放大处理,然后再传输给处理器进行识别。 [0037] In this embodiment, after the ultrasonic sensor receives the reflected signal, amplifies the signal processed by the first signal amplification circuit, and then transmitted to the processor identified.

[0038] 进一步地,开关设备还包括:滤波电路,连接在超声波传感器和处理器之间,用于对超声波传感器接收到的反射信号进行滤波处理。 [0038] Further, the switching apparatus further comprising: a filter circuit connected between the ultrasonic transducer and a processor for receiving a reflected signal of the ultrasonic sensor to a filtering process.

[0039]本实施例中,可将反射信号进行滤波处理,从而降低干扰信号。 [0039] In this embodiment, the reflected signal may be filtered to reduce interference signals. 具体地,可以是将反射信号经过信号放大电路和滤波电路进行放大、滤波处理之后,得到处理器识别处理的可用信号,然后传输给处理器。 Specifically, the reflected signal through a signal amplifying circuit amplifying and filtering circuits, after filtering, to obtain the available signal processor identification process, and then transmitted to the processor.

[0040]优选地,超声波传感器为多个,其中,多个超声波传感器设置在不同的位置,分别与处理器相连接。 [0040] Preferably, a plurality of ultrasonic sensors, wherein the plurality of ultrasonic sensors disposed at different positions, are respectively connected with the processor.

[0041]本实施例中,超声波传感器可以为多个,这样,采用设置在不同位置的多个超声波传感器进行人体的生物特征识别,从而提高识别精度。 [0041] In this embodiment, the ultrasonic sensor may be a plurality of such, the use of biometric identification of the human body is provided in a plurality of different positions of the ultrasonic sensor, thereby improving the recognition accuracy. 优选地,为避免多个超声波传感器之间产生干扰,不同的超声波传感器所发射的超声波信号的频率各不相同。 Preferably, in order to avoid interference between the plurality of ultrasonic sensors, the frequency of the ultrasonic signals emitted by a different ultrasonic sensor varies.

[0042]优选地,如图3所示,本实施例的超声波传感器20包括:发射器201,用于向人体的方位发射超声波信号;接收器202,用于接收超声波信号经过人体反射回来的反射信号。 [0042] Preferably, as shown in FIG. 3, the ultrasonic sensor 20 of the present embodiment comprises: a transmitter 201 for transmitting ultrasonic signals to position the body; a receiver 202 for receiving the reflected ultrasonic wave signal reflected back through the body signal.

[0043]进一步优选地,超声波传感器还包括:控制单元,与发射器和接收器分别相连接,用于控制发射器发送超声波信号以及判断接收器是否接收到反射信号。 [0043] Further preferably, the ultrasonic transducer further comprising: a control unit are connected to a transmitter and a receiver, for controlling the transmitter to transmit an ultrasonic signal and determining whether the receiver receives the reflected signal.

[0044]本实施例中,采用控制单元来控制超声波信号的发射和反射信号接收的识别,从而实现超声波传感器的可控性。 [0044] In this embodiment, the control unit controls employed to identify the transmitted and reflected signal received ultrasonic signal, thereby realizing the controllability of the ultrasonic sensor.

[0045]优选地,开关设备还包括:检测器,与控制单元相连接,用于检测超声波信号发射方向上是否出现人体,其中,控制单元还用于在检测到人体的情况下控制发射器发送超声波信号。 [0045] Preferably, the switching device further comprises: a detector, and is connected to the control unit, for detecting whether the human body appears on the ultrasonic signal transmitting direction, wherein the control unit further controls the transmitter in a case where a human body is detected transmission ultrasonic signal.

[0046]检测器可以用于检测在预设位置上是否出现人体,例如可测量区域内超声波信号的发射方向是否存在人脸、手掌等。 [0046] The detector may be used to detect whether the human body in a predetermined position on, for example, the emission direction of a measurable region of the ultrasound signal is the presence or absence of the face, hands and so on. 如果检测到,则向超声波传感器的控制单元发送信号,以使其控制发射器发射超声波信号。 If detected, the control unit sends a signal to the ultrasonic sensor so as to control the transmitter to transmit an ultrasonic signal. 其中,检测器包括但不限于红外探测器等可以识别人体的检测设备。 Wherein the detector including but not limited to infrared detectors can identify the human detection device.

[0047]本实施例中,通过设置检测器来探测是否出现人体,以便于告知超声波传感器工作,这样,减少超声波传感器在不断地发射超声波所带来的能耗。 [0047] In this embodiment, by providing the detector to detect whether there is the human body, so as to inform the ultrasonic sensor to work so, reduce energy consumption in the ultrasonic sensor emits ultrasonic waves constantly brought.

[0048] 优选地,处理器上设置有控制接口,用于连接外部控制器。 [0048] Preferably, the processor is provided with a control interface for connecting an external controller.

[0049]本实施例中,在处理器上还预留有控制接口,以便于是的其它的外部控制器通过该接口连接到开关设备,实现多系统联合使用。 [0049] In this embodiment, the processor also has room for a control interface to other external controller then connected to the switching device, used in conjunction with multi-system via the interface.

[0050]需要说明的是,本发明实施例的开关设备可用于智能密码锁、门禁保险柜等领域,其中,开关装置可以是继电器等装置。 [0050] Incidentally, the switching apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention may be used for smart lock, the safe access control and other fields, wherein the switching means may be a device such as a relay.

[0051]本发明实施例的另一个方面,还提供了一种开关系统,该系统包括开关设备和服务器,该服务器与开关设备相连接,用于存储授权用户的人体生物特征信息。 Another aspect of the embodiment of the [0051] embodiment of the present invention also provides a switching system comprising a switching device and a server, which is connected to the switching device, for storing biometric information of the authorized user. 其中,开关设备为本发明上述实施例所提供的开关设备。 Wherein the switching device of the switching apparatus of the present embodiment provided by the invention.

[0052]开关设备与服务器通过有线或者无线连接,具体地,开关设备的处理器与服务器相连接,授权用户的生物特征信息存储在服务器的数据库中,这样,当处理器生成人体的生物特征信息之后,可以将其与服务器中的数据进行对比,确定其是否为授权用户的生物特征信息,如果是,则认证成功,开启开关装置。 [0052] The switching device and a server via a wired or wireless connection, in particular, the processor and the server is connected to the switching device, an authorized user's biometric information stored in the server database, so that the processor generates the biometric information of a human body when Thereafter, it can be compared with data from the server, to determine whether it is authorized biometric information of the user, if yes, the authentication is successful, the switching device is turned on.

[0053]优选地,本实施例的开关系统还包括:云端控制器,通过网络与服务器或者开关设备相连接,用于进行远程授权。 Switch System [0053] Preferably, the present embodiment further comprises: Drive controller, connected via a network server or a switching device for remote authorization. 通过在云端设置云端控制器,这样方便远程对开关设备的控制授权。 Drive is provided by the controller in the cloud so that the switching control authority for remote devices.

[0054]本发明一种优选的开关系统如图4所示,其中,包括开关设备、服务器40、云端控制器50以及外部控制器60,其中,开关设备包括:开关装置10、超声波传感器20、处理器30。 [0054] A preferred according to the present invention, the switching system shown in Figure 4, wherein the device comprises a switch, a server 40, a controller 50 and an external controller Drive 60, wherein the switching apparatus comprising: switching means 10, the ultrasonic sensor 20, processor 30.

[0055]本发明实施例的另一个方面,还提供了一种开关设备的认证方法,该方法主要基于超声波的人体识别技术,可以用于本发明实施例的开关设备。 Another aspect of the embodiment of the [0055] embodiment of the present invention further provides a method of switching the authentication apparatus, the method mainly based on human recognition technology ultrasound, it may be used in the switching apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention. 如图5所示,方法包括: As shown in FIG 5, the method comprising:

[0056]步骤S501,接收超声波信号经过人体反射回来的反射信号。 [0056] step S501, the received reflected signal through the body of the reflected ultrasonic signal.

[0057]步骤S502,利用反射信号生成人体的生物特征信息。 [0057] step S502, by the reflection signal generating biometric information of the human body.

[0058]步骤S503,对生物特征信息进行识别,判断生物特征信息是否是授权用户所具有的生物特征信息。 [0058] step S503, the biometric identification information, determines whether or not the biometric information of the biometric information is an authorized user has.

[0059]步骤S504,在识别出是授权用户的生物特征信息的情况下,控制开关装置开启。 [0059] step S504, is identified in the authorization biometric information of the user, the control switching means is turned on.

[0060]由于超声波的波长短,频率较高,所以超声波在定向传播时,在两种不同媒质的分界面上,会出现类似于光线一样的透射、反射和折射现象,且恪守几何光学上的定律。 [0060] Since the ultrasonic wave length, high frequency, ultrasonic wave propagation orientation when, at the interface of two different media, as will appear similar to the light transmission, reflection and refraction, and adhere to the geometric optics law. 基于上述原理,超声波信号遇到人体时,会发生反射,通过接收经过人体反射的反射信号,并将其转化或者处理之后生成人体的生物特征信息,例如构建人体三维数字模型;然后通过识别该生物特征信息来判断当前用户是否为授权用户,在识别出是授权用户的情况下,控制开关装置开启,也即是认证成功。 Based on the above principle, when the ultrasonic signal encounters the body, the reflection will occur, the reflected signal after reflection of the body, the body generates the biometric information after the conversion and by receiving or processing, for example, constructing the body dimensional digital model; followed by identifying the organism feature information to determine whether the current user is an authorized user, in case that the identified user is authorized, the control switching means is turned on, that is, authentication is successful.

[0061]根据本发明实施例,通过接收人体反射回来的超声波的反射信号,利用超声波的反射信号生成生物特征信息,以识别当前用户是否为授权用户,并在识别出是授权用户时,控制开关装置开启,由于采用超声波来识别人体,不会受到周围环境影响,抗干扰能力强,识别精度高。 When the [0061] embodiment of the present invention, by receiving the body ultrasonic waves reflected by the reflection signal using an ultrasonic reflection signal generating biometric information to identify the current user is an authorized user, and identify an authorized user, the control switch device is activated, since the use of ultrasound to identify the human body, is not subject to the surrounding environment, anti-interference ability, high recognition accuracy. 另外,由于超声波频率超出了人的感知范围,可以在不知不觉中完成人脸自动识别,从而避免给人带来不舒服的感觉。 In addition, due to the ultrasonic frequency range beyond human perception, it can be completed automatically recognize human faces unconsciously, in order to avoid giving an uncomfortable feeling.

[0062]优选地,上述步骤S503包括:将生物特征信息与数据库中的存储的授权用户的生物特征信息进行匹配,其中,如果匹配上数据库中的生物特征信息,则为授权用户。 [0062] Preferably, the step S503 comprises: the authorized user's biometric information and the biometric information stored in the database to match, wherein, if the matching biometric information in the database, for the authorized user.

[0063]授权用户的生物特征信息存储在服务器的数据库中,这样,当生成人体的生物特征信息之后,可以将其与服务器中的数据进行匹配,如果匹配成功,则确定其是否为授权用户的生物特征信息,认证成功,继而开启开关装置。 [0063] The authorized user biometric information stored in the server database, so that, when generating biometric information of the human body, it can be matched with the data server, if the match is successful, it is determined whether it is an authorized user biometric information, the authentication is successful, then turn on the switching device.

[0064]需要说明的是,对于前述的各方法实施例,为了简单描述,故将其都表述为一系列的动作组合,但是本领域技术人员应该知悉,本发明并不受所描述的动作顺序的限制,因为依据本发明,某些步骤可以采用其他顺序或者同时进行。 [0064] Incidentally, the foregoing embodiments of the methods for, for ease of description, it is described as a series combination of actions, those skilled in the art should understand that the present invention is not described in the operation sequence It limited since according to the present invention, some steps may be performed simultaneously or in other sequences. 其次,本领域技术人员也应该知悉,说明书中所描述的实施例均属于优选实施例,所涉及的动作和模块并不一定是本发明所必须的。 Secondly, those skilled in the art should also understand that the embodiments are described in the specification are exemplary embodiments, actions and modules involved are not necessarily required by the present invention.

[0065]在上述实施例中,对各个实施例的描述都各有侧重,某个实施例中没有详述的部分,可以参见其他实施例的相关描述。 [0065] In the above embodiment, the description of the various embodiments have different emphases, certain embodiments not detailed in part, be related descriptions in other embodiments.

[0066]以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本发明可以有各种更改和变化。 [0066] The above description is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the invention to those skilled in the art, the present invention may have various changes and variations. 凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 Any modification within the spirit and principle of the present invention, made, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1.一种开关设备,其特征在于,包括: 开关装置; 超声波传感器,用于发射超声波信号,并接收所述超声波信号经过人体反射回来的反射信号;以及处理器,与所述开关装置和所述超声波传感器分别相连接,用于在利用所述反射信号识别出授权用户的情况下,控制所述开关装置开启。 1. A switching apparatus comprising: switching means; ultrasonic sensor for emitting ultrasonic signals and receiving the ultrasonic signals reflected signal back through the body of the reflector; and a processor, the switching means and the are respectively connected to said ultrasonic sensor, is used in the case of using the reflected signal identification of the authorized user, controlling said switching means is turned on.
2.根据权利要求1所述的开关设备,其特征在于,所述开关设备还包括: 信号放大电路,连接在所述超声波传感器和所述处理器之间,用于对所述超声波传感器接收到的所述反射信号进行放大处理。 The switching device according to claim 1, wherein said switching apparatus further comprises: a signal amplifying circuit connected between the ultrasonic sensor and the processor, for receiving said ultrasonic sensor amplifying the reflected signal processing.
3.根据权利要求1所述的开关设备,其特征在于,所述开关设备还包括: 滤波电路,连接在所述超声波传感器和所述处理器之间,用于对所述超声波传感器接收到的所述反射信号进行滤波处理。 The switching apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said switching apparatus further comprising: a filter circuit connected between the ultrasonic sensor and the processor for receiving the ultrasonic sensor the reflected signal is filtered.
4.根据权利要求1所述的开关设备,其特征在于,所述超声波传感器为多个,其中,多个所述超声波传感器设置在不同的位置,分别与所述处理器相连接。 4. The switching apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of ultrasonic sensors, wherein said plurality of ultrasonic sensors disposed at different positions, are respectively connected to the processor.
5.根据权利要求1所述的开关设备,其特征在于,所述超声波传感器包括: 发射器,用于向所述人体的方位发射所述超声波信号; 接收器,用于接收所述超声波信号经过人体反射回来的反射信号。 The switching apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said ultrasonic sensor comprising: a transmitter for transmitting an ultrasonic signal to the orientation of the human body; a receiver for receiving the ultrasonic signals after body reflected the reflected signal.
6.根据权利要求5所述的开关设备,其特征在于,所述超声波传感器还包括: 控制单元,与所述发射器和所述接收器分别相连接,用于控制所述发射器发送所述超声波信号以及判断所述接收器是否接收到所述反射信号。 6. The switching apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein said ultrasonic sensor further comprising: a control unit are connected to the transmitter and the receiver for controlling the transmitter to transmit the an ultrasonic signal and determining whether the receiver receives the reflected signal.
7.根据权利要求6所述的开关设备,其特征在于,所述开关设备还包括: 检测器,与所述控制单元相连接,用于检测所述超声波信号发射方向上是否出现所述人体,其中,所述控制单元还用于在检测到所述人体的情况下控制所述发射器发送所述超声波信号。 7. The switching device according to claim 6, wherein said switching apparatus further comprises: a detector, connected with the control unit for detecting whether there is a human body on the radiation direction of the ultrasonic signal, wherein said control means further controls the transmitter in a case where the human body is detected to transmit the ultrasonic signal.
8.根据权利要求1所述的开关设备,其特征在于,所述处理器上设置有控制接口,用于连接外部控制器。 8. The switching apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that a control interface on the processor for connecting an external controller.
9.一种开关系统,其特征在于,包括: 权利要求1至8中任一项所述的开关设备;以及服务器,与所述开关设备相连接,用于存储授权用户的人体生物特征信息。 A switching system comprising: a switching device 8 to any one of claim 1; and a server connected to the switching device, for storing biometric information of the authorized user.
10.根据权利要求9所述的开关系统,其特征在于,所述开关系统还包括: 云端控制器,通过网络与所述服务器或者所述开关设备相连接,用于进行远程授权。 10. The switching system according to claim 9, wherein said switching system further comprises: Drive controller, connected to the server via a network or the switching device for remote authorization.
11.一种开关设备的认证方法,其特征在于,包括: 接收超声波信号经过人体反射回来的反射信号; 利用所述反射信号生成人体的生物特征信息; 对所述生物特征信息进行识别,判断所述生物特征信息是否是授权用户所具有的生物特征信息;以及在识别出是所述授权用户的生物特征信息的情况下,控制开关装置开启。 11. A method of authentication of the switching device, characterized in that, comprising: receiving a reflected signal via the ultrasound signal reflected back body; reflection signal generation using the biometric information on the body; the biometric identification information, determines whether the if said authorized biometric information is biometric information of the user has; and is identified in the authorization biometric information of the user, the control switching means is turned on.
12.根据权利要求11所述的方法,其特征在于,对所述生物特征信息进行识别包括: 将所述生物特征信息与数据库中的存储的授权用户的生物特征信息进行匹配,其中,如果匹配上数据库中的生物特征信息,则为授权用户。 12. The method according to claim 11, wherein the biometric identification information comprises: the biometric information of the authorized user's biometric information stored in the database matching, wherein, if a match biometric information on a database, for the authorized user.
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