CN105864936B - The method and device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating - Google Patents

The method and device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating Download PDF

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CN105864936B
CN105864936B CN201610275141.3A CN201610275141A CN105864936B CN 105864936 B CN105864936 B CN 105864936B CN 201610275141 A CN201610275141 A CN 201610275141A CN 105864936 B CN105864936 B CN 105864936B
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air
heat exchanger
heat exchange
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CN105864936A (en
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于向阳
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于向阳
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0035Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using evaporation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers

Abstract

The present invention relates to the heat change method of air-conditioning and engineering device technique fields, are a kind of method and devices of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating, the method for dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating includes the heat exchange unit of at least one.The heat exchange of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating device in the present invention is highly-safe, heat exchange efficiency is high, the heat-energy transducer of output wind and technique wind achievees the purpose that energy regenerating, mutually independent direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger ensure that air-tightness, avoiding air-to-air heat exchanger from corroding because of water leakage influences heat exchange efficiency, there is even wind action simultaneously, further increase heat exchange efficiency, by evaporation-refrigeration device of the invention be used for air-conditioner set can sufficiently meet miniaturization unit volume it is small, the high requirement of heat exchange efficiency, the arrangement of direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger can need reasonable Arrangement according to miniaturization unit, so that integral structure layout is rationally compact, it is easy to use.

Description

The method and device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating
Technical field
The present invention relates to the heat change method of air-conditioning and engineering device technique fields, are a kind of methods of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating And device.
Background technique
Used traditional indirect evaporating-cooling air-conditioning device uses composite heat exchanger in Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning field, should Heat exchanger is monolithic construction, and the heat exchanger of monolithic construction usually because of the inadequate reason of leakproofness, leads to this heat exchange side Formula and heat exchanger are easy to happen the leakage of recirculated water, cause the safety of heat exchanger inadequate, and heat exchanger also gets rusty easily so that changing Resistance to heat increases, and when circulating water quality is not high, heat exchanger is easy to happen blocking, to influence heat exchange efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of method and device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating, overcome the above-mentioned prior art no Foot can effectively solve the heat exchanger of used monolithic construction at present usually because the inadequate reason of leakproofness pacifies heat exchange The full problem that property is not high, heat exchange efficiency is low and air-conditioning device structure is not compact.
Technical solution of the present invention first is that being realized by following measures: a kind of side of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating Method includes that direct contact heat transfer system and dividing wall type are changed including the heat exchange unit of at least one, in each heat exchange unit Hot systems;Direct contact heat transfer system includes direct-contact heat exchanger, technique wind and Sprayer Circulation water, wall-type heat exchange system System includes air-to-air heat exchanger, output wind and technique wind, and an air-to-air heat exchanger corresponds to one output wind, Mei Gere Direct contact heat transfer system and wall-type heat exchange system in crosspoint correspond to each other mutually indepedent, each heat exchange list again Direct-contact heat exchanger in member corresponds to each other and mutually indepedent with air-to-air heat exchanger;Wherein, dry type indirect evaporation system Cold method carries out as follows: technique wind successively passes through at least one direct-contact heat exchanger, technique wind and spray Recirculated water successively carries out direct contact heat transfer, the work after each direct contact heat transfer in every direct-contact heat exchanger In air-to-air heat exchanger progress dry type indirect heat exchange, technique wind passes through at least one for ethics and practice and corresponding per share output wind Temperature increases discharge after the secondary heat for absorbing output wind, and the output wind after technique air cooling is sent to desired zone.
Here is further optimization or/and improvement of one of the above technical solutions of the invention:
Above-mentioned technique wind and Sprayer Circulation water carry out cross-current direct contact heat transfer or technique wind and Sprayer Circulation water into Row adverse current direct contact heat transfer or technique wind and Sprayer Circulation water carry out fair current direct contact heat transfer.
Above-mentioned includes two heat exchange units, and technique wind successively passes through two direct-contact heat exchangers, technique wind and spray Leaching recirculated water successively carries out direct contact heat transfer in every direct-contact heat exchanger, after each direct contact heat transfer Technique wind and corresponding per share output wind carry out dry type indirect heat exchange in air-to-air heat exchanger and respectively obtain the first output Wind and the second output wind.
When the wind direction of above-mentioned output wind is horizontal direction, the wind direction of technique wind is the horizontal direction vertical with air-out wind direction is produced Or it is vertical with air-out wind direction is produced from top to bottom or vertical from bottom to top with air-out wind direction is produced;Alternatively, the wind direction of technique wind is level When, the wind direction of output wind be the horizontal direction vertical with technique wind direction or it is vertical with technique wind wind direction from top to bottom or and technique Wind wind direction is vertically from bottom to top.
Above-mentioned further includes a heat exchange unit, low temperature process wind of the second output wind as the heat exchange unit, low temperature Technique wind in the direct-contact heat exchanger in the heat exchange unit with Sprayer Circulation water carry out direct contact heat transfer, first Output wind enters the low temperature process wind in the heat exchange unit and after direct contact heat transfer in air-sky of the heat exchange unit Dry type indirect heat exchange is carried out in gas heat exchanger obtains the lower output wind of temperature.
When the wind direction of above-mentioned first output wind and the second output wind is vertical direction, the wind direction of technique wind and low temperature process wind For horizontal direction;Alternatively, when the wind direction of the first output wind and the second output wind is horizontal direction: the wind direction of technique wind is Vertical Square To the wind direction of, low temperature process wind be with the horizontal direction that produce air-out wind direction vertical of the first output wind and second, or, the wind of technique wind Xiang Weiyu the first output wind and second produce the horizontal direction of air outlet vertical, the wind direction of low temperature process wind is vertical direction.
Technical solution of the present invention second is that being realized by following measures: a kind of dress of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating It sets, includes that direct-contact heat exchanger and air-air are changed including the heat exchange unit of at least one, in each heat exchange unit Hot device, the direct-contact heat exchanger in each heat exchange unit correspond to each other and mutually indepedent with air-to-air heat exchanger, directly It connects and is provided with Sprayer Circulation aquaporin and technique wind channel in contact heat exchanger, the Sprayer Circulation in direct-contact heat exchanger Aquaporin and technique wind channel, which intersect, to be arranged or is arranged in parallel;The production mutually completely cut off is provided in air-to-air heat exchanger Air-out passage and technique wind channel produce air-out passage and technique wind channel and intersect setting;Direct-contact heat exchanger and sky It is mutually indepedent between gas-air heat exchanger, the technique wind channel phase of direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger Connection produces air-out passage and is isolated with Sprayer Circulation aquaporin.
Here is further optimization or/and improvement of the technical scheme ii of the invention:
Above-mentioned direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger be horizontally disposed or air-to-air heat exchanger and directly Contact heat exchanger is setting up and down.
It is above-mentioned to be mutually to be adjacent between direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger, alternatively, direct contact type Between heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger separately;Or/and between direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger There is angle.
All direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger be successively in above-mentioned two above heat exchange unit It is arranged alternately.
Above-mentioned include two heat exchange units is respectively the first heat exchange unit and the second heat exchange unit.
Above-mentioned further includes a heat exchange unit for third heat exchange unit: the setting of third heat exchange unit is handed in the second heat Change unit left right or above or below or front or behind, the production air-out passage of the first heat exchange unit and third heat The technique wind channel of crosspoint is connected, the output wind of the production air-out passage and third heat exchange unit of the second heat exchange unit Channel is connected;Or/and third heat exchange unit be arranged in the first heat exchange unit left right or above or below or Front or behind, the first heat exchange unit production air-out passage be connected with the production air-out passage of third heat exchange unit, second The production air-out passage of heat exchange unit is connected with the technique wind channel of third heat exchange unit.
The heat exchange of the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating in the present invention is highly-safe, and heat exchange efficiency is high, output wind and work The heat-energy transducer of ethics and practice achievees the purpose that energy regenerating, mutually independent direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger are protected Air-tightness is demonstrate,proved, avoiding air-air-water- to-water heat exchanger from corroding because of water leakage influences heat exchange efficiency, while having the work of even wind With further increasing heat exchange efficiency, the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating of the invention, which is used for air-conditioner set, sufficiently to be met It is small to minimize unit volume, the high requirement of heat exchange efficiency, the arrangement of direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger Reasonable Arrangement can be needed according to miniaturization unit, so that integral structure layout is rationally compact, be easy to use.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing 1 is the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 1, embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9 and embodiment 13 in the present invention.
Attached drawing 2 is the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 1, embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9 and embodiment 14 in the present invention.
Attached drawing 3 is the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 1, embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9 and embodiment 15 in the present invention.
Attached drawing 4 is the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 1, embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9 and embodiment 16 in the present invention.
Attached drawing 5 is the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 1, embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9 and embodiment 17 in the present invention.
Attached drawing 6 is embodiment 1 in the present invention, embodiment 3, embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9, embodiment 10, implements The structural schematic diagram of example 11 and embodiment 18.
Attached drawing 7 is embodiment 1 in the present invention, embodiment 3, embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9, embodiment 10, implements The structural schematic diagram of example 11 and embodiment 19.
Attached drawing 8 is embodiment 1 in the present invention, embodiment 3, embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9, embodiment 10, implements The structural schematic diagram of example 11 and embodiment 20.
Attached drawing 9 is the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 10, embodiment 11 embodiment 12 and embodiment 21 in the present invention.
Attached drawing 10 is that air-to-air heat exchanger is tubular air-air heat exchanger embodiment 1, embodiment in the present invention 7, the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 8, embodiment 9 and embodiment 13.
Attached drawing 11 is that air-to-air heat exchanger is tubular air-air heat exchanger embodiment 1, embodiment in the present invention 7, the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 8, embodiment 9 and embodiment 15.
Attached drawing 12 is that air-to-air heat exchanger is tubular air-air heat exchanger embodiment 1, embodiment in the present invention 3, the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9, embodiment 10, embodiment 11 and embodiment 18.
Coding in attached drawing is respectively as follows: 1 for output wind, and 2 be technique wind, and 3 be direct-contact heat exchanger, and 4 be air-sky Gas heat exchanger, 5 be low temperature process wind, and 6 be the first output wind, and 7 be the second output wind.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is not limited by the following examples, can determine according to the technique and scheme of the present invention with actual conditions specific Embodiment.
In the present invention, for ease of description, the description of the relative positional relationship of each component is according to Figure of description 1 Butut mode be described, such as: the positional relationship of upper and lower, left and right is come according to the Butut direction of Figure of description Determining.
Below with reference to examples and drawings, the invention will be further described:
Embodiment 1, as shown in attached drawing 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, the method for the dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating includes at least one A heat exchange unit includes direct contact heat transfer system and wall-type heat exchange system in each heat exchange unit;Directly connect Touch heat-exchange system includes direct-contact heat exchanger 3, technique wind 2 and Sprayer Circulation water, and wall-type heat exchange system includes air- Air heat exchanger 4, output wind 1 and technique wind 2, one corresponding output wind 1 of an air-to-air heat exchanger 4, each heat exchange list Direct contact heat transfer system and wall-type heat exchange system reciprocal correspondence in member is again mutually indepedent, in each heat exchange unit Direct-contact heat exchanger 3 corresponds to each other and mutually indepedent with air-to-air heat exchanger 4;Wherein, dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating Method carries out as follows: technique wind 2 successively passes through at least one direct-contact heat exchanger 3, and technique wind 2 is followed with spray Ring water successively carries out direct contact heat transfer, the work after each direct contact heat transfer in every direct-contact heat exchanger 3 Ethics and practice 2 and corresponding per share output wind 1 are in the progress dry type indirect heat exchange of air-to-air heat exchanger 4, and technique wind 2 is by extremely Temperature increases discharge after few primary heat for absorbing output wind 1, send by the output wind 1 after cooling of technique wind 2 to desired zone.
By Sprayer Circulation water cooling after technique wind 2 again carried out with output wind 1 heat exchange direct contact heat transfer system and Wall-type heat exchange system is mutually indepedent, and direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 are mutually indepedent, realizes output Wind 1 and technique wind 2 are the heat exchange of air and air, and exchanging heat, highly-safe, heat exchange efficiency is high.
Technique wind 2 and corresponding per share output wind 1 after each direct contact heat transfer is in air-to-air heat exchanger 4 carry out dry type indirect heat exchanges, since the temperature of the technique wind 2 after each direct contact heat transfer is different, it is available not When practical application, the output wind 1 of these different temperatures is sent respectively to the region of required different temperatures for synthermal output wind 1, The cascade utilization for realizing energy, makes full use of energy, avoids energy waste.
Air-to-air heat exchanger 4 is plate-fin heat exchanger or pipe heat exchanger or plate heat exchanger or band-tube type heat exchange Device or heat-pipe heat exchanger.
Embodiment 2, as the optimization of embodiment 1, as needed, technique wind 2 and Sprayer Circulation water progress cross-current are direct Contact heat exchange or technique wind 2 and Sprayer Circulation water carry out adverse current direct contact heat transfer or technique wind 2 and Sprayer Circulation water Carry out fair current direct contact heat transfer.Technique wind 2 and Sprayer Circulation water are the heat exchange of air and water, and heat exchange efficiency is high.
Embodiment 3, as the optimization of embodiment 1 and embodiment 2, as shown in attached drawing 6,7,8, including two heat exchange lists Member, technique wind 2 successively pass through two direct-contact heat exchangers 3, and technique wind 2 is successively directly contacted at every with Sprayer Circulation water Direct contact heat transfer is carried out in formula heat exchanger 3, the technique wind 2 after each direct contact heat transfer and corresponding per share production Outlet air 1 carries out dry type indirect heat exchange in air-to-air heat exchanger 4 and respectively obtains the first output wind 6 and the second output wind 7.
Embodiment 4, as the optimization of embodiment 1, embodiment 2 and embodiment 3, as needed, the wind direction of output wind 1 is water Square to when, the wind direction of technique wind 2 be the horizontal direction vertical with 1 wind direction of output wind or it is vertical with 1 wind direction of output wind from upper and It is lower or it is vertical with 1 wind direction of output wind from bottom to top;Alternatively, when the wind direction of technique wind 2 is horizontal, the wind direction of output wind 1 is and work The vertical horizontal direction in 2 direction of ethics and practice or it is vertical with 2 wind direction of technique wind from top to bottom or it is vertical with 2 wind direction of technique wind from lower and On.According to the wind direction different from technique wind 2 of formal character output wind 1 of different air-conditioner sets.
Embodiment 5 further includes a heat exchange unit, the second output wind as shown in Fig. 9 as the optimization of embodiment 3 The 7 low temperature process wind 5 as the heat exchange unit, direct-contact heat exchanger 3 of the low temperature process wind 5 in the heat exchange unit In with Sprayer Circulation water carry out direct contact heat transfer, the first output wind 6 enter the heat exchange unit in and direct contact type changes Low temperature process wind 5 after heat carries out dry type indirect heat exchange in the air-to-air heat exchanger 4 of the heat exchange unit and obtains temperature more Low output wind 1.
Embodiment 6, as the optimization of embodiment 5, as needed, the wind direction of the first output wind 6 and the second output wind 7 is vertical Histogram to when, the wind direction of technique wind 2 and low temperature process wind 5 is horizontal direction;Alternatively, the first output wind 6 and the second output wind 7 When wind direction is horizontal direction: the wind direction of technique wind 2 be vertical direction, low temperature process wind 5 wind direction be and the first output wind 6 and the The vertical horizontal direction of two output wind, 7 wind direction, or, the wind direction of technique wind 2 is vertical with the first output wind 6 and the second output wind 7 Horizontal direction, low temperature process wind 5 wind direction be vertical direction.According to the first output of formal character of different air-conditioner sets Wind 6 and the different wind direction of the second output wind 7 and low temperature process wind 5.
Embodiment 7, as shown in attached drawing 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, the dry type of the method for the implementation dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating The device of indirect evaporation refrigerating includes the heat exchange unit of at least one, includes direct contact heat transfer in each heat exchange unit Device 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4, direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and 4 phase of air-to-air heat exchanger in each heat exchange unit It is mutually corresponding and mutually indepedent, it is provided with Sprayer Circulation aquaporin and technique wind channel in direct-contact heat exchanger 3, directly contacts Sprayer Circulation aquaporin and technique wind channel in formula heat exchanger 3, which intersect, to be arranged or is arranged in parallel;Air-to-air heat exchanger It is provided with the production air-out passage mutually completely cut off and technique wind channel in 4, produces air-out passage and technique wind channel intersects setting; Direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 are mutually indepedent each other, direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air- The technique wind channel of air heat exchanger 4 is connected, and produces air-out passage and is isolated with Sprayer Circulation aquaporin.Air-air heat exchange Device 4 is independent plate heat exchanger, has reasonable piece spacing, and heat exchange efficiency is high;Direct-contact heat exchanger 3 is air and water Heat exchange, heat exchange efficiency is high, and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 realizes the heat exchange of air-air, using mutually independent direct contact Formula heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 avoid exchanging heat using the heat exchanger of monoblock type, and heat-exchanger rig is highly-safe, Also sufficiently meet the miniaturization requirement that unit volume is small, heat exchange efficiency is high;It produces air-out passage and technique wind channel is completely isolated, that This interval ensure that the air-tightness of the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating, and the wind drained from interior enters this dress as technique wind 2 Inside is set, new air inlet is output wind 1, using the energy process output wind 1 of technique wind 2, to achieve the purpose that energy regenerating;It is more A heat exchange unit can increase the air output of output wind 1
Embodiment 8, as the optimization of embodiment 7, as shown in attached drawing 1,2,3,5,6,7,8,3 He of direct-contact heat exchanger Air-to-air heat exchanger 4 is horizontally disposed or air-to-air heat exchanger 4 and direct-contact heat exchanger 3 it is setting up and down.It can root It needs to select direct-contact heat exchanger 3 according to actual arrangement and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 is horizontally disposed or setting up and down.
Embodiment 9 as shown in attached drawing 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, is directly as the optimization of embodiment 7 and embodiment 8 It is mutually adjacent between contact heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4, alternatively, direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-air Between heat exchanger 4 separately, or/and, there is angle between direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4.Directly connect Between touch heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 separately, even wind can be played the role of, further increase heat exchange efficiency, Also, it between direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 separately, can be avoided technique wind for direct contact type Moisture in heat exchanger 3 is brought into air-to-air heat exchanger 4, and the air-to-air heat exchanger 4 of metal material is effectively avoided to corrode, Equipment safety is high, long service life.
Embodiment 10, as the optimization of embodiment 7, embodiment 8 and embodiment 9, as shown in attached drawing 6,7,8,9, two with On heat exchange unit in all direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 be successively arranged alternately.
Embodiment 11, as the optimization of embodiment 7, embodiment 8, embodiment 9 and embodiment 10, such as 6,7,8,9 institute of attached drawing Show, including two heat exchange units are respectively the first heat exchange unit and the second heat exchange unit.
Embodiment 12 further includes that a heat exchange unit is warm for third as shown in Fig. 9 as the optimization of embodiment 11 Crosspoint: third heat exchange unit be arranged in the second heat exchange unit left right or above or below front or after Side, the production air-out passage of the first heat exchange unit be connected with the technique wind channel of third heat exchange unit, the second heat exchange list The productions air-out passage of member is connected with the production air-out passage of third heat exchange unit, or/and, third heat exchange unit is arranged the The left or right of one heat exchange unit or above or below or front or behind, the first heat exchange unit production air-out passage with The production air-out passage of third heat exchange unit is connected, the second heat exchange unit produces air-out passage and third heat exchange unit Technique wind channel is connected.Low temperature process wind of the first output wind 6 as third heat exchange unit, low temperature process wind is in third warm Carry out direct contact heat transfer in direct-contact heat exchanger 3 in crosspoint with Sprayer Circulation water, the second output wind 7 and straight Low temperature process wind 5 after connecing contact heat exchange goes successively to be done in the air-to-air heat exchanger 4 in third heat exchange unit Formula indirect heat exchange obtains the lower output wind of temperature.
Embodiment 13, as shown in Figure 1, the device of the dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating includes a heat exchange unit, heat exchange Unit includes direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4, and direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-air exchange heat Device 4 is horizontally disposed and direct-contact heat exchanger 3 is located at the right side of air-to-air heat exchanger 4, direct-contact heat exchanger 3 It is inside provided with vertical Sprayer Circulation aquaporin and horizontal technique wind channel, it is vertical to be provided in air-to-air heat exchanger 4 Air-out passage and horizontal technique wind channel are produced, air-out passage is produced and technique wind channel is isolated, direct-contact heat exchanger 3 Technique wind channel is connected with the technique wind channel of air-to-air heat exchanger, produces air-out passage and is separated by with Sprayer Circulation aquaporin Absolutely;The trend of the device output wind 1 of the dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating be from top to bottom, the trend of technique wind 2 be it is horizontal from it is right extremely A left side, technique wind 2 carries out a direct contact heat transfer with Sprayer Circulation water in direct-contact heat exchanger 3, by directly connecing Technique wind 2 after touch heat exchange enters air-to-air heat exchanger 4 and output wind 1 carries out dry type indirect heat exchange, and technique wind 2 passes through Temperature increases discharge after absorbing the heat of output wind 1, send by the output wind 1 after cooling of technique wind 2 to desired zone, wherein Technique wind 2 and Sprayer Circulation water carry out cross-current direct contact heat transfer.
Embodiment 14, as shown in Fig. 2, with embodiment 13 the difference is that, direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air- Air heat exchanger 4 is separately horizontally disposed with;The trend of the device output wind 1 of the dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating be from top to bottom, work The trend of ethics and practice 2 is horizontal from right-to-left.
Embodiment 15, as shown in figure 3, with embodiment 13 and embodiment 14 the difference is that, direct contact heat transfer It is mutually adjacent between device 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 horizontally disposed;The device output wind 1 of the dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating is walked To for it is horizontal from back to front, the trend of technique wind 2 be horizontal from right-to-left.
Embodiment 16, as shown in figure 4, the difference is that, directly being connect with embodiment 13, embodiment 14 and embodiment 15 There is angle between touch heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 and is horizontally disposed with;The device of the dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating produces The trend of outlet air 1 be from top to bottom, the trend of technique wind 2 be from rear to left.
Embodiment 17, as shown in figure 5, existing with the difference of embodiment 13, embodiment 14, embodiment 15 and embodiment 16 In, it is setting up and down between direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4, and direct-contact heat exchanger 3 is located at The lower section of air-to-air heat exchanger 4;The trend of the device output wind 1 of the dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating is horizontal from right-to-left, work Ethics and practice 2 is entered by the two sides of direct-contact heat exchanger 3, trend of the technique wind 2 in direct-contact heat exchanger 3 be from lower and On, technique wind 2 and Sprayer Circulation water carry out adverse current direct contact heat transfer.Technique wind 2 carries out countercurrently direct with Sprayer Circulation water Contact heat exchange cooling effect is best.
Embodiment 18, as shown in fig. 6, with embodiment 13, embodiment 14 and embodiment 15 the difference is that, the dry type The device of indirect evaporation refrigerating includes two heat exchange units, all direct-contact heat exchangers 3 in two heat exchange units Successively alternating horizontal is arranged with air-to-air heat exchanger 4, all direct-contact heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 Technique wind channel be connected;The trend of the device output wind 1 of the dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating be from top to bottom, technique wind 2 Trend carries out cross-current direct contact heat transfer from right-to-left, technique wind 2 and Sprayer Circulation water to be horizontal.
Embodiment 19, as shown in fig. 7, with embodiment 18 the difference is that, all 3 Hes of direct-contact heat exchanger Air-to-air heat exchanger 4 is separately horizontally disposed with.
Embodiment 20, as shown in figure 8, with embodiment 18 and embodiment 19 the difference is that, all direct contacts Alternating horizontal setting is mutually adjacent between formula heat exchanger 3 and air-to-air heat exchanger 4;The device of the dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating The trend of output wind 1 be from back to front, the trend of technique wind 2 be horizontal from right-to-left.
Embodiment 21, as shown in figure 9, with embodiment 18, embodiment 19 and embodiment 20 the difference is that, left side Heat exchange unit is the first heat exchange unit, and it further includes a heat exchange that the heat exchange unit on right side, which is the second heat exchange unit, Unit is third heat exchange unit, and the top of the first heat exchange unit, the first heat exchange unit is arranged in third heat exchange unit With the left alignment of third heat exchange unit, the technique wind of the production air-out passage and third heat exchange unit of the second heat exchange unit Channel is connected;Low temperature process wind 5 of the output wind 1 of second heat exchange unit as third heat exchange unit, low temperature process wind 5 Direct contact heat transfer, the first heat are carried out with Sprayer Circulation water in the direct-contact heat exchanger 3 in third heat exchange unit The output wind 1 of crosspoint goes successively to the low temperature process wind 5 in third heat exchange unit and after direct contact heat transfer in sky Dry type indirect heat exchange is carried out in gas-air heat exchanger 4 obtains the lower output wind 1 of temperature.
The heat exchange between air-air is realized in the device heat exchange of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating in the present invention, highly-safe, Its 4 heat exchange efficiency of air-to-air heat exchanger is high;It produces air-out passage and the isolation of technique wind channel intersects, be separated from each other, utilize work The energy of ethics and practice pre-processes output wind, to achieve the purpose that energy regenerating, produces air-out passage and technique wind feeder connection edge With outlet edge sealed reliable, the air-tightness of the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating ensure that, and further will directly connect Touch heat exchanger 3 is spaced apart with air-to-air heat exchanger 4, can play even wind action, further increases heat exchange efficiency, will The device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating of the invention for air-conditioner set sufficiently meets miniaturization unit volume it is small, heat exchange efficiency height Requirement, the arrangement of direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger 4 can need to close according to miniaturization unit Removing the work is set, so that integral structure layout is rationally compact, is easy to use.
The above technical features constitute embodiments of the present invention, can basis with stronger adaptability and implementation result Actual needs increases and decreases non-essential technical characteristic, to meet the needs of different situations.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of method of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating, it is characterised in that including the heat exchange unit of at least one, each heat is handed over Change includes direct contact heat transfer system and wall-type heat exchange system in unit;Direct contact heat transfer system includes directly contacting Formula heat exchanger, technique wind and Sprayer Circulation water, wall-type heat exchange system include air-to-air heat exchanger, output wind and technique wind, One air-to-air heat exchanger corresponds to one output wind, direct contact heat transfer system and partition in each heat exchange unit Formula heat-exchange system reciprocal correspondence is again mutually indepedent, and the direct-contact heat exchanger in each heat exchange unit is changed with air-air Hot device corresponds to each other again mutually indepedent;Wherein, the method for dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating carries out as follows: technique wind successively passes through Cross at least one direct-contact heat exchanger, technique wind and Sprayer Circulation water successively in every direct-contact heat exchanger into Row direct contact heat transfer, the technique wind and corresponding per share output wind after each direct contact heat transfer are in air-sky Gas heat exchanger carries out dry type indirect heat exchange, and technique wind temperature after absorbing the heat of output wind at least once increases discharge, warp Output wind after crossing technique air cooling is sent to desired zone.
2. the method for dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that technique wind and Sprayer Circulation water It carries out cross-current direct contact heat transfer or technique wind and Sprayer Circulation water carries out adverse current direct contact heat transfer or technique wind Fair current direct contact heat transfer is carried out with Sprayer Circulation water.
3. the method for dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that including two heat exchange lists Member, technique wind successively pass through two direct-contact heat exchangers, and technique wind and Sprayer Circulation water are successively in every direct contact type Direct contact heat transfer is carried out in heat exchanger, the technique wind after each direct contact heat transfer and corresponding per share output wind Dry type indirect heat exchange, which is carried out, in air-to-air heat exchanger respectively obtains the first output wind and the second output wind.
4. the method for dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the wind direction of output wind is water Square to when, the wind direction of technique wind be the horizontal direction vertical with air-out wind direction is produced or it is vertical with air-out wind direction is produced from top to bottom or Air-out wind direction is vertical from bottom to top with producing;Alternatively, when the wind direction of technique wind is horizontal, the wind direction of output wind is and technique wind direction Vertical horizontal direction or it is vertical with technique wind wind direction from top to bottom or it is vertical with technique wind wind direction from bottom to top.
5. the method for dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the wind direction of output wind is level When direction, the wind direction of technique wind be the horizontal direction vertical with air-out wind direction is produced or it is vertical with air-out wind direction is produced from top to bottom or with Produce air-out wind direction vertically from bottom to top;Alternatively, the wind direction of output wind is to hang down with technique wind direction when the wind direction of technique wind is horizontal Straight horizontal direction or it is vertical with technique wind wind direction from top to bottom or it is vertical with technique wind wind direction from bottom to top.
6. the method for dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 3, it is characterised in that further include a heat exchange list Member, low temperature process wind of the second output wind as the heat exchange unit, low temperature process wind directly connecing in the heat exchange unit Direct contact heat transfer is carried out in touch heat exchanger with Sprayer Circulation water, the first output wind enters in the heat exchange unit and direct Low temperature process wind after contact heat exchange carries out dry type indirect heat exchange in the air-to-air heat exchanger of the heat exchange unit and obtains The lower output wind of temperature.
7. the method for dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the first output wind and second produces When the wind direction of outlet air is vertical direction, the wind direction of technique wind and low temperature process wind is horizontal direction;Alternatively, the first output wind and When the wind direction of two output wind is horizontal direction: the wind direction of technique wind be vertical direction, low temperature process wind wind direction be and first produce Outlet air and second produces the vertical horizontal direction of air-out wind direction, or, the wind direction of technique wind is and the first output wind and the second output wind The wind direction of vertical horizontal direction, low temperature process wind is vertical direction.
8. a kind of dry type of the method for dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating described in implementation according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 is indirect The device of sweat cooling, it is characterised in that include directly connecing in each heat exchange unit including the heat exchange unit of at least one Touch heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger, direct-contact heat exchanger and air-air in each heat exchange unit exchange heat Device reciprocal correspondence is again mutually indepedent, Sprayer Circulation aquaporin and technique wind channel is provided in direct-contact heat exchanger, directly Sprayer Circulation aquaporin and technique wind channel in contact heat exchanger, which intersect, to be arranged or is arranged in parallel;Air-air changes It is provided with the production air-out passage mutually completely cut off and technique wind channel in hot device, produces air-out passage and technique wind channel intersects and sets It sets;It is mutually indepedent between direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger, direct-contact heat exchanger and air- The technique wind channel of air heat exchanger is connected, and produces air-out passage and is isolated with Sprayer Circulation aquaporin.
9. the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 8, it is characterised in that direct-contact heat exchanger and Air-to-air heat exchanger is horizontally disposed or air-to-air heat exchanger and direct-contact heat exchanger it is setting up and down.
10. the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 8 or claim 9, it is characterised in that direct contact heat transfer It is mutually adjacent between device and air-to-air heat exchanger, alternatively, phase between direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger Interval;Or/and there is angle between direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger.
11. the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 8 or claim 9, it is characterised in that more than two heat are handed over Direct-contact heat exchanger and air-to-air heat exchanger all in unit is changed successively to be arranged alternately.
12. the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 10, it is characterised in that more than two heat exchanges All direct-contact heat exchangers and air-to-air heat exchanger are successively arranged alternately in unit.
13. the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 10, it is characterised in that including two heat exchange lists Member is respectively the first heat exchange unit and the second heat exchange unit.
14. the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating according to claim 11, it is characterised in that including two heat exchange lists Member is respectively the first heat exchange unit and the second heat exchange unit.
15. the device of dry type indirect evaporation refrigerating described in 3 or 14 according to claim 1, it is characterised in that further include a heat Crosspoint is third heat exchange unit: the left or right or top of the second heat exchange unit is arranged in third heat exchange unit Or lower section or front or behind, the production air-out passage of the first heat exchange unit are connected with the technique wind channel of third heat exchange unit Logical, the second heat exchange unit production air-out passage is connected with the production air-out passage of third heat exchange unit;Or/and third heat Crosspoint be arranged in the first heat exchange unit left right or above or below or front or behind, the first heat exchange list Member productions air-out passage be connected with the production air-out passage of third heat exchange unit, the production air-out passage of the second heat exchange unit and The technique wind channel of third heat exchange unit is connected.
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN102967019A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-03-13 四川澄观节能环保科技有限公司 Direct evaporation integral heat pipe exchanger
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