CN105864892B - A kind of air purifier with 360 ° of dust-absorbing functions - Google Patents

A kind of air purifier with 360 ° of dust-absorbing functions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105864892B
CN105864892B CN201610249892.8A CN201610249892A CN105864892B CN 105864892 B CN105864892 B CN 105864892B CN 201610249892 A CN201610249892 A CN 201610249892A CN 105864892 B CN105864892 B CN 105864892B
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China
Prior art keywords
pipeline
air purifier
holding tank
cylinder
air
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CN201610249892.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105864892A (en
Inventor
卜慧丽
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Fengyang Qingcarbon Environmental Protection Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Yongkang Huage Industrial Product Design Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/108Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using dry filter elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/15Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means
    • F24F8/167Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means using catalytic reactions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/90Cleaning of purification apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • F24F11/32Responding to malfunctions or emergencies
    • F24F11/39Monitoring filter performance

Abstract

A kind of air purifier with 360 ° of dust-absorbing functions, including pipeline (1), further includes setting in the photocatalyst net (27) in pipeline (1), between holding tank (11) and fan component (15) and be arranged on pipeline (1) inner wall, the ultraviolet lamp (28) for issuing ultraviolet light to photocatalyst net (27).Air purifier further includes dust exhaust apparatus;The dust exhaust apparatus includes being installed on the fixed cylinder (34) being connected on pipeline (1) and with air inlet, cyclone cylinder (33) and is separately connected fixed cylinder (34) and cyclone cylinder (33), the bearing (30) for being relatively rotatable to each other fixed cylinder (34) and cyclone cylinder (33).Air-purifier designs of the invention are ingenious, and good air purification effect is economical and practical.

Description

A kind of air purifier with 360 ° of dust-absorbing functions
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of air purifiers with 360 ° of dust-absorbing functions.
Background technique
The structure that existing air purifier mostly uses greatly plain gauze to combine with photocatalyst net, utilizes plain gauze pair Air carries out primary filtration, then PM2.5 particle, harmful organic principle etc. in air are eliminated using photocatalyst net.This air After long-term use, plain gauze can be covered with dust all over clarifier, to reduce air purification efficiency.Meanwhile photocatalyst net is necessary It could be filtered out in the case where being in contact with PM2.5 particle and harmful organic principle.And in strainer after long term wear, it is empty Certain bulky grains in gas can leak through strainer, and be attached on photocatalyst net, thus reduce the contact surface of photocatalyst net and air, To influence the elimination efficiency of PM2.5 particle and harmful organic principle.Also, these bulky grains can also be ground under the action of air-flow Damage photocatalyst net.Meanwhile existing air purifier does not have 360 ° of dust-absorbing functions.
Summary of the invention
After long-term use for existing air purifier, plain gauze can be covered with dust all over the present invention, to reduce air Purification efficiency, meanwhile, in strainer after long term wear, certain bulky grains in air can leak through strainer, and be attached to photocatalyst On the net, so that the problem of reducing the contact surface of photocatalyst net and air, it is net to propose a kind of air with 360 ° of dust-absorbing functions Change device.
Technical solution proposed by the invention is as follows:
The invention proposes a kind of air purifiers, which is characterized in that including the pipeline with air inlet and air outlet;It is empty Gas purifier further include be arranged on the inner wall of pipeline and by be separated into inside pipeline top first passage and lower section second The isolation board in channel;Second channel inner wall, which protrudes downwards, is formed with holding tank;Second channel inner wall is located at holding tank upstream Position protrude form finite place piece upwards;The locating part and isolation board interval are arranged;
Air purifier further includes the convex block positioned at isolation board upstream position that inner wall of the pipe is arranged in, and is opened up on the convex block There is first through hole;Air purifier further includes positioned at locating part upstream position and being slidably disposed on the work in second channel Plug connect with piston and slideably stretches and the telescopic rod in first through hole and is set on telescopic rod and both ends connect respectively Connect the spring of convex block and piston;When spring is in relaxed state, piston is in contact with isolation board, and piston is complete by second channel Full blocking;When piston slides downstream, gap is separated out between piston and isolation board, so that second channel be made to be connected;
Air purifier further includes being arranged in first passage and occupying the filter screen of first passage whole cross section and set Set the fan component at pipeline air outlet, for air-flow to be drawn into pipeline air outlet from pipeline air inlet;Air purifier It further include the first water pipe extending into holding tank, the first spray head on the end in holding tank that the first water pipe is set And it is arranged on the first water pipe, the first water pump for driving water to flow along the first water pipe and spray from first spray head;It is empty Gas purifier further include displacement sensor for detecting the displacement of telescopic rod and respectively with displacement sensor and the first water pump The controller of electric connection;Controller is used for when receiving displacement sensor preset displacement occurring downstream because of telescopic rod After the alarm signal issued, start the first water pump to drive water to spray from first spray head;
Air purifier further includes the photocatalyst net being arranged in the duct, between holding tank and fan component and sets Set the ultraviolet lamp in inner wall of the pipe, for issuing ultraviolet light to photocatalyst net;
Air purifier further includes dust exhaust apparatus;The dust exhaust apparatus includes being installed on pipeline and being connected to air inlet Fixed cylinder, cyclone cylinder and is separately connected fixed cylinder and cyclone cylinder, the axis for being relatively rotatable to each other fixed cylinder and cyclone cylinder It holds;
Cyclone cylinder include it is axially extending along fixed cylinder and by bearing be mounted on mounting cylinder in fixed cylinder and with installation Cylinder is connected and along the tangentially extending introducing cylinder of mounting cylinder;Cyclone cylinder is used under the action of air-flow inside it relative to solid Safety barrel rotation.
In the above-mentioned air purifier of the present invention, fan component includes the bracket being arranged in inner wall of the pipe, rotationally Blade on bracket is set, output shaft connect with blade, for driving blade first motor and with first motor electrical property It connects, for changing the speed changer of blade rotational speed.
In the above-mentioned air purifier of the present invention, the bottom of holding tank offers the first opening, and pipeline is located at holding tank The cylinder that the first opening is connected to holding tank is formed through on the outer wall of slot bottom;Holding tank and cylinder constitute U-tube;Holding tank In accommodate by first opening sealing water.
In the above-mentioned air purifier of the present invention, one end that the separate holding tank first of cylinder is open passes through pipeline and first Water pump connection for making the water in the first water pump suction holding tank, and sprays the water in the holding tank from first spray head, thus It falls after rise into holding tank.
In the above-mentioned air purifier of the present invention, displacement sensor is arranged on the inner wall of pipeline, and air purifier also wraps Include the seal closure for being arranged on the inner wall of pipeline and displacement sensor being sealed together with convex block and inner wall of the pipe.
In the above-mentioned air purifier of the present invention, isolation board includes leading portion and middle section;Leading portion and middle section are in tabular respectively; Middle section is horizontally disposed, and the rear end of leading portion is connect with middle section, and the front end of leading portion tilts down;Piston has parallel with leading portion oblique Face;When spring is in relaxed state, inclined-plane and the leading portion of piston fit.
In the above-mentioned air purifier of the present invention, isolation board further includes in flat back segment;The front end and middle section of back segment Connection, the rear end of back segment tilts down;The plate body that locating part is vertically arranged, and the leading portion of neighbouring isolation board or middle section.
In the above-mentioned air purifier of the present invention, multiple second through-holes are offered on the back segment of isolation board;After isolation board Section is located at the top of holding tank;Air purifier further includes the second water pipe extending into first passage, is arranged in the second water pipe Second spray head in the first passage and on the end that is located above back segment and be arranged on the second water pipe, for driving The second water pump that water is flowed along the second water pipe and sprayed from second spray head;Controller is also electrically connected with the second water pump, is used for Receive displacement sensor because downstream preset displacement occurs for telescopic rod when the alarm signal that is issued after, starting second Water pump is to drive water to spray from second spray head.
It further include that being located at filter screen downstream position, using for first passage is set in the above-mentioned air purifier of the present invention In opening or closes the closing door of first passage and connect with closing door, the driving mechanism for driving closing door to slide;When When spring is in relaxed state, closing door is in the open state;Controller is also connect with driving mechanism, for receiving displacement Sensor by control driving mechanism because being driven after the alarm signal that is issued when preset displacement occurs downstream for telescopic rod Dynamic closing door termination first passage.
The air primary filtration process of air purifier of the invention combines filtering type process of cleaning and spray for dust suppression method The advantages of;Specifically, it when dust is less, is cleared up using filtering type process of cleaning;When dust is more, using removing by spraying Dirt method is cleared up.The switching between two kinds of dedusting methods is realized to judge automatically the quantity of dust by setting piston, is led to It crosses also using closing door, it can be achieved that the purpose of filter screen still can be replaced when air purifier operates normally, also using cylinder Body and pipeline realize recycling for water.The efficiency of spray for dust suppression method is also improved by using the structure of isolation board back segment.This The air-purifier designs of invention are ingenious, and good air purification effect is economical and practical.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples, in attached drawing:
Fig. 1 shows the schematic diagram of the air purifier of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 shows the use states of air purifier shown in FIG. 1 with reference to figure;
Fig. 3 shows the schematic diagram of cyclone cylinder shown in FIG. 1.
Specific embodiment
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is existing air purifier is after long-term use, plain gauze can be covered with ash Dirt, so that air purification efficiency is reduced, meanwhile, in strainer after long term wear, certain bulky grains in air can leak through strainer, And be attached on photocatalyst net, to reduce the contact surface of photocatalyst net and air.Solution technical problem proposed by the present invention Technical thought be: construct a kind of air purifier, the air primary filtration process of the air purifier combines filtering type The advantages of process of cleaning and spray for dust suppression method;Specifically, it when dust is less, is cleared up using filtering type process of cleaning;Work as ash When dirt is more, cleared up using spray for dust suppression method.Air purification efficiency is reduced after being covered with dust all over so as to avoid plain gauze The case where.
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, Fig. 1 shows the schematic diagram of the air purifier of the embodiment of the present invention.The air purifier includes Pipeline 1 with air inlet and air outlet, applies term when the positional relationship between each component of air purifier is described below " upstream " and " downstream ", here, " upstream " and " downstream " are determined according to the flow direction of air-flow in pipeline 1, Ke Yili Solution, 1 air inlet of pipeline are located at the upstream of 1 air outlet of pipeline, and correspondingly, 1 air outlet of pipeline is located at the downstream of 1 air inlet of pipeline;
Air purifier further includes the first passage that is arranged on the inner wall of pipeline 1 and will be separated into inside pipeline 1 top With the isolation board 13 of the second channel of lower section.Second channel inner wall, which protrudes downwards, is formed with holding tank 11;Second channel inner wall The position positioned at 11 upstream of holding tank protrude form finite place piece 12 upwards;The locating part 12 is set with the interval of isolation board 13 It sets;
Air purifier further includes the convex block 16 positioned at 13 upstream position of isolation board that 1 inner wall of pipeline is arranged in, the convex block First through hole 161 is offered on 16;Air purifier further includes positioned at 12 upstream position of locating part and being slidably disposed on the Piston 17 in two channels connect with piston 17 and slideably stretches and the telescopic rod 18 in first through hole 161 and is arranged On telescopic rod 18 and both ends are separately connected the spring 19 of convex block 16 and piston 17.When spring 19 is in relaxed state, piston 17 are in contact with isolation board 13, and piston 17 is completely plugged by second channel;When piston 17 slides downstream, piston 17 It is separated out gap between isolation board 13, so that second channel be made to be connected;In the present embodiment, which can be increasing.Here, The variation in gap be not limited to it is increasing, by the design to 13 shape of isolation board, gap can also first become larger become smaller afterwards or It is constant.
Air purifier further include be arranged in first passage and occupy first passage whole cross section filter screen 14 and It is arranged at 1 air outlet of pipeline, the fan component 15 for air-flow to be drawn into 1 air outlet of pipeline from 1 air inlet of pipeline.Air Clarifier further include the first water pipe (not shown) extending into holding tank 11, be arranged in the first water pipe in holding tank First spray head 20 on end in 11 and it is arranged on the first water pipe, for driving water to flow along the first water pipe and from the The first water pump (not shown) that one spray head 20 sprays.Air purifier further includes the position for detecting the displacement of telescopic rod 18 Displacement sensor 21 and the controller (not shown) being electrically connected respectively with displacement sensor 21 and the first water pump.Controller For receive displacement sensor 21 because downstream preset displacement occurs for telescopic rod 18 when the alarm signal that is issued after, Start the first water pump to drive water to spray from first spray head 20.
Air purifier further includes the photocatalyst net being arranged in pipeline 1, between holding tank 11 and fan component 15 27 and be arranged on 1 inner wall of pipeline, for photocatalyst net 27 issue ultraviolet light ultraviolet lamp 28.In the present embodiment, light Catalyst network 27 includes the metal mesh of 3-40 mesh, and the photocatalyst layer being attached on metal net surface.The photocatalyst layer can be Nano-TiO2、ZnO、CdS、WO3、Fe2O3、PbS、SnO2、ZnS、SrTiO3、SiO2One of.Photocatalyst layer is in ultraviolet light Light-catalyzed reaction can occur under irradiation, to filter out in pipeline 1 through PM2.5, the organic principle in the air-flow of photocatalyst net 27 Deng.Here, ultraviolet lamp 28 can share same switch with fan component 15, to start simultaneously;Independence can also be respectively adopted Switch, does not start simultaneously.
Through the above technical solutions, when filter screen 14 is not blocked by dust and fan component 15 brings into operation, air-flow It can only cannot pass through second channel by first passage.At this point, dust entrained by air-flow only pass through filtering type process of cleaning into Row filters out.After having accumulated excessive dust on filter screen 14, filter screen 14 can entirely shut;As fan component 15 is after reforwarding Row, the space positioned at 17 downstream of piston of second channel can generate negative pressure, so as to cause the downward downstream of piston 17, telescopic rod 18 Also downward downstream therewith.At this point, being separated out gap between piston 17 and isolation board 13, i.e., second channel is opened, and air-flow can lead to Second channel is crossed, and is discharged from 1 air outlet of pipeline.At the same time, when downstream preset displacement occurs for telescopic rod 18, water can be with It sprays, can be adhered on the water by the dust that air-flow is swept along by first spray head 20, and fallen into together with water from first spray head 20 Into holding tank 11, at this point, the dust in air-flow is filtered out by spray for dust suppression method.When fan component 15 stops working, The negative pressure in the space positioned at 17 downstream of piston of second channel disappears, and piston 17 upstream slides under the action of spring 19, directly Relaxed state is come back to spring 19.
Further, fan component 15 includes the bracket 152 being arranged on 1 inner wall of pipeline, is rotatably arranged in bracket Blade 151 on 152, output shaft connect with blade 151, for driving blade 151 first motor (not shown) and It is electrically connected, with first motor for changing the speed changer (not shown) of 151 revolving speed of blade.This fan is existing knot Structure does not just repeat one by one here.When user feels to filter out the dust in air using the filter screen 14 in first passage, effect When rate is too low, the revolving speed of blade 151 can be tuned up using speed changer, in this way, can also make second channel is located at piston The space in 17 downstreams generates negative pressure.To make the downward downstream of piston 17, and then open second channel, it is final to realize to air In dust carry out spray for dust suppression.
Further, air purifier further includes dust exhaust apparatus;The dust exhaust apparatus include be installed on pipeline 1 and with into The fixed cylinder 34 of air port connection, cyclone cylinder 33 and is separately connected fixed cylinder 34 and cyclone cylinder 33, for making fixed cylinder 34 and rotation The bearing 30 that air duct 33 is relatively rotatable to each other;
As shown in figure 3, cyclone cylinder 33 includes axially extending along fixed cylinder 34 and is mounted in fixed cylinder 34 by bearing 30 Mounting cylinder 31 and be connected with mounting cylinder 31 and along the tangentially extending introducing cylinder 32 of mounting cylinder 31;Cyclone cylinder 33 is used for It is rotated under the action of air-flow relative to fixed cylinder 34 inside it.In the present embodiment, bearing 30 includes inner ring 35 and outer ring 29, Inner ring 35 is fixedly connected with mounting cylinder 31, and outer ring 29 is fixedly connected with fixed cylinder 34.In this way, in the effect of newton third theorem Under, by the air-flow that introducing cylinder 32 enters mounting cylinder 31 cyclone cylinder 33 is rotated.If the flow velocity of air-flow is larger, whirlwind 33 achievable continuous rotations of cylinder.And by the rotation of cyclone cylinder 33, it can be achieved that the suction to dust around air purifier.It can be with Understand, in other embodiments, inner ring 35 can be connect with fixed cylinder 34, meanwhile, outer ring 29 is connect with mounting cylinder 31.
Further, in the present embodiment, the bottom of holding tank 11 offers the first opening, and pipeline 1 is located at holding tank The cylinder 22 that the first opening is connected to holding tank 11, also, holding tank 11 and cylinder 22 are formed through on the outer wall of 11 slot bottoms Constitute U-tube;It is accommodated in holding tank 11 by the water of the first opening sealing.In this way, space in holding tank 11 just with extraneous phase Every.Meanwhile pipeline 1 can also be flowed out from cylinder 22 from the water of the ejection of first spray head 20.It is appreciated that in some embodiments In, the volume of holding tank 11 can be designed sufficiently large, and cylinder 22 can be by a plug that separably blocking first is open Son substitution.When air purifier work, plug can be blocked the first opening;It, can when air purifier stops working To take off plug, so that the water in holding tank 11 is discharged.Further, it is preferable that the separate holding tank 11 of cylinder 22 One end of one opening is connect by pipeline with the first water pump, for making the water in the first water pump suction holding tank 11, and makes the appearance The water received in slot 11 is sprayed from first spray head 20, in this way, it is possible to reduce water pollution caused by spray for dust suppression method.
Further, filter screen 14 can be the metal mesh of -300 mesh of 150 mesh, may include one or more layers metal mesh.
Further, displacement sensor 21 is also known as linear transducer, is a kind of linear unit for belonging to metal induction, position The effect of displacement sensor is that various measurands are converted to electricity.In process of production, the measurement of displacement is generally divided into survey Measure full size and two kinds of mechanical displacement.Form by measured variable transformation is different, and displacement sensor can be divided into analog sum number Two kinds of word formula.It is analog and physical property type and two kinds of structural type can be divided into.Common displacement sensor is in the majority with analog structure type, packet Include potentiometric displacement transducer, inductive displacement transducer, selsyn, capacitive displacement transducer, electric vortex type displacement Sensor, Hall displacement transducer etc..Displacement sensor 21 is mainly used for the preset displacement conversion by telescopic rod 18 downstream For alarm signal, and the alarm signal is sent to controller, controller drives the first water pump further according to alarm signal.It needs Bright, in the present embodiment, alarm signal is current signal, and controller is mainly current amplifier, and effect is will to alarm Then signal controls the electromagnetic coil of the first water pump by processing amplification, amplified signal, so that the first water pump of starting carries out It pumps.Controller can also be simple amplifier, the controller that can also be constituted using CPU.Due in the present invention, the control Device processed is not sought protection, and is not just repeated specifically.
In the present embodiment, displacement sensor 21 is arranged on the inner wall of pipeline 1, and air purifier further includes being arranged in pipe The seal closure 23 for sealing displacement sensor 21 on the inner wall in road 1 and together with 1 inner wall of convex block 16 and pipeline.Pass through seal closure 23 So that displacement sensor 21 will not be carried the airflow influence of dust.
Further, in the present embodiment, isolation board 13 includes leading portion 131, middle section 132 and back segment 133;Leading portion 131, in Section 132 and back segment 133 are in tabular respectively;Middle section 132 is horizontally disposed, and the rear end of leading portion 131 is connect with middle section 132, leading portion 131 Front end tilt down;The front end of back segment 133 is connect with middle section 132, and the rear end of back segment 133 tilts down;Piston 17 have with The parallel inclined-plane 171 of leading portion 131, as shown in Figure 2.When spring 19 is in relaxed state, the inclined-plane 171 and leading portion of piston 17 131 fit, in this way, piston 17 is just completely plugged by second channel;As piston 17 downstream slides, the inclined-plane of piston 17 Gap is separated out between 171 and leading portion 131, and the gap is increasing.
In the present embodiment, further, air purifier further include be arranged in first passage be located at filter screen 14 under It swims position, the closing door 24 for being used to open or closing first passage and is connect with closing door 24, for driving closing door 24 sliding Dynamic driving mechanism 25.When spring 19 is in relaxed state, closing door 24 is in the open state.Controller also with driving mechanism 25 connections, for receive displacement sensor 21 because downstream preset displacement occurs for telescopic rod 18 when the alarm that is issued After signal, closing door 24 is driven to close first passage by control driving mechanism 25.Closing first is completed when closing door 24 When the task in channel, the space positioned at 17 downstream of piston of second channel can quickly generate negative pressure.So as to more efficiently Open second channel in ground.In the present embodiment, the position of pipeline 1 being located at closing door 24 offers the second opening, closing door 24 is scalable in second opening;Two pulleys of the driving mechanism 25 including being separately positioned on 24 two sides of closing door, this two The wheel face of pulley offsets with two sides of closing door 24 respectively;Driving mechanism 25 further includes being electrically connected, being used for controller Start the second motor rotated with driving pulley under the control of the controller.The sliding of pulley can make closing door 24 in frictional force Under the action of slide.In this way, closing door 24 under the action of frictional force, can stretch out in outside pipeline 1 from the second opening, thus First passage is opened.It is appreciated that closing door can also be rotation door, driving mechanism can be the machine of driving closing door rotation Structure, these are all the prior art, are not just repeated specifically.
Further, the plate body that locating part 12 is vertically arranged, and the leading portion 131 of neighbouring isolation board 13 or middle section 132.This The area of section of sample, second channel is upper increasing downstream from locating part 12.In this way, when air-flow passes through locating part 12 Afterwards, the speed of air-flow can reduce, in this way, the dust in air-flow is easier to be filtered out by the water that first spray head 20 sprays.
Further, multiple second through-holes 134, also, the back segment of isolation board 13 are offered on the back segment 133 of isolation board 13 133 are located at the top of holding tank 11.Meanwhile air purifier further include the second water pipe for extending into first passage (in figure not Show), be arranged in the second water pipe in the first passage and the second spray head 26 that is located on the end of 133 top of back segment and It is arranged on the second water pipe, the second water pump for driving water to flow along the second water pipe and spraying from second spray head 26 is (in figure It is not shown).Controller is also electrically connected with the second water pump, for receiving displacement sensor 21 because of the downward roam all around the would of telescopic rod 18 To after the alarm signal issued when preset displacement occurs, start the second water pump to drive water to spray from second spray head 26.In this way, When second spray head 26 starts water spray, water can be fallen on the back segment 133 of isolation board 13, and be fallen from the second through-hole 134.It takes part When air-flow with dust passes through the second through-hole 134, it can more fully be contacted with water, thus by filtering.Preferably, cylinder One end that the separate holding tank 11 first of body 22 is open also passes through pipeline and connect with the second water pump, for holding the suction of the second water pump The water received in slot 11, and spray the water in the holding tank 11 from second spray head 26.Further, air-flow passes through holding tank 11 When, air-flow can sweep along vapor, these vapor can also clean photocatalyst net.
It should be understood that for those of ordinary skills, it can be modified or changed according to the above description, And all these modifications and variations should all belong to the protection domain of appended claims of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of air purifier, which is characterized in that including the pipeline (1) with air inlet and air outlet;Air purifier is also Including being arranged on the inner wall of pipeline (1) and pipeline (1) inside being separated into the first passage of top and the second channel of lower section Isolation board (13);Second channel inner wall, which protrudes downwards, is formed with holding tank (11);Second channel inner wall is located at holding tank (11) position of upstream is protruded upwards forms finite place piece (12);The locating part (12) and isolation board (13) interval are arranged;
Air purifier further includes convex block (16) positioned at isolation board (13) upstream position of the setting in pipeline (1) inner wall, this is convex First through hole (161) are offered on block (16);Air purifier further includes positioned at locating part (12) upstream position and slideably Piston (17) in the second channel is set, is connect with piston (17) and stretching in first through hole (161) of slideably stretching Contracting bar (18) and it is set in the spring (19) that on telescopic rod (18) and both ends are separately connected convex block (16) and piston (17);Work as bullet When spring (19) is in relaxed state, piston (17) is in contact with isolation board (13), and piston (17) is completely plugged by second channel; When piston (17) slides downstream, it is separated out gap between piston (17) and isolation board (13), so that second channel be made to lead It is logical;
Air purifier further includes being arranged in first passage and occupying the filter screen (14) of first passage whole cross section and set Set the fan component at pipeline (1) air outlet, for air-flow to be drawn into pipeline (1) air outlet from pipeline (1) air inlet (15);Air purifier further include the first water pipe extending into holding tank (11), be arranged in the first water pipe in holding tank (11) first spray head (20) on the end in and be arranged on the first water pipe, for drive water along the flowing of the first water pipe simultaneously The first water pump sprayed from first spray head (20);Air purifier further includes that the displacement for detecting the displacement of telescopic rod (18) passes Sensor (21) and the controller being electrically connected respectively with displacement sensor (21) and the first water pump;Controller is for receiving Displacement sensor (21) is because after the alarm signal that is issued when downstream preset displacement occurs for telescopic rod (18), starting first Water pump is to drive water to spray from first spray head (20);
Air purifier further includes being arranged in the photocatalyst in pipeline (1), between holding tank (11) and fan component (15) The ultraviolet lamp (28) of net (27) and setting on pipeline (1) inner wall, for issuing ultraviolet light to photocatalyst net (27);
Air purifier further includes dust exhaust apparatus;The dust exhaust apparatus includes being installed on pipeline (1) and what is be connected to air inlet consolidates Safety barrel (34), cyclone cylinder (33) and is separately connected fixed cylinder (34) and cyclone cylinder (33), for making fixed cylinder (34) and whirlwind The bearing (30) that cylinder (33) is relatively rotatable to each other;
Cyclone cylinder (33) includes axially extending along fixed cylinder (34) and is mounted on the installation on fixed cylinder (34) by bearing (30) Cylinder (31) and it is connected with mounting cylinder (31) and along the tangentially extending introducing cylinder (32) of mounting cylinder (31);Cyclone cylinder (33) For being rotated under the action of air-flow inside it relative to fixed cylinder (34).
2. air purifier according to claim 1, which is characterized in that fan component (15) includes being arranged in pipeline (1) Bracket (152) on inner wall, the blade (151) being rotatably arranged on bracket (152), output shaft connect with blade (151), It is electrically connected, for the first motor of driving blade (151) and with first motor for changing the speed change of blade (151) revolving speed Device.
3. air purifier according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the bottom of holding tank (11) offers first and opens Mouthful, pipeline (1) is formed through the cylinder that the first opening is connected to holding tank (11) on the outer wall of holding tank (11) slot bottom Body (22);Holding tank (11) and cylinder (22) constitute U-tube;It is accommodated in holding tank (11) by the water of the first opening sealing.
4. air purifier according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the separate holding tank (11) first of cylinder (22) is opened One end of mouth is connect by pipeline with the first water pump, for making the water in the first water pump suction holding tank (11), and makes the receiving Water in slot (11) is sprayed from first spray head (20), to fall after rise into holding tank (11).
5. air purifier according to claim 1, which is characterized in that displacement sensor (21) is arranged in pipeline (1) On inner wall, air purifier further includes being arranged position on the inner wall of pipeline (1) and together with convex block (16) and pipeline (1) inner wall The seal closure (23) of displacement sensor (21) sealing.
6. air purifier according to claim 1, which is characterized in that isolation board (13) includes leading portion (131) and middle section (132);Leading portion (131) and middle section (132) are in tabular respectively;Middle section (132) is horizontally disposed, and the rear end of leading portion (131) is in Section (132) connection, the front end of leading portion (131) tilts down;Piston (17) has the inclined-plane (171) parallel with leading portion (131);When When spring (19) is in relaxed state, inclined-plane (171) and the leading portion (131) of piston (17) fit.
7. air purifier according to claim 6, which is characterized in that isolation board (13) further includes in flat back segment (133);The front end of back segment (133) is connect with middle section (132), and the rear end of back segment (133) tilts down;Locating part (12) is vertical The plate body of setting, and the leading portion (131) of neighbouring isolation board (13) or middle section (132).
8. air purifier according to claim 7, which is characterized in that offered on the back segment (133) of isolation board (13) Multiple second through-holes (134);The back segment (133) of isolation board (13) is located at the top of holding tank (11);Air purifier further includes The second water pipe for extending into first passage, be arranged in the second water pipe in first passage and be located above back segment (133) End on second spray head (26) and be arranged on the second water pipe, for driving water to flow along the second water pipe and from second The second water pump that spray head (26) sprays;Controller is also electrically connected with the second water pump, for receiving displacement sensor (21) Because after the alarm signal that is issued when preset displacement occurs downstream for telescopic rod (18), starting the second water pump with drive water from Second spray head (26) sprays.
9. air purifier according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include be arranged in first passage be located at filtering It net (14) downstream position, the closing door (24) for being used to open or closing first passage and connect, with closing door (24) for driving The driving mechanism (25) of dynamic closing door (24) sliding;When spring (19) is in relaxed state, closing door (24) is in open shape State;Controller is also connect with driving mechanism (25), for receiving displacement sensor (21) because of telescopic rod (18) downward roam all around the would To after the alarm signal that is issued when occurring preset displacement, closing door (24) closing the is driven by control driving mechanism (25) One channel.
CN201610249892.8A 2016-04-20 2016-04-20 A kind of air purifier with 360 ° of dust-absorbing functions Active CN105864892B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1146925A (en) * 1995-07-21 1997-04-09 华纳·汉茨科 Method and apparatus for cleaning dusty air
US6340383B1 (en) * 1997-11-10 2002-01-22 Simatek A/S Filter having a cleaning nozzle
CN103599673A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-26 天津华庆百胜塑业有限公司 Purification equipment capable of effectively treating dense smoke and dust
CN204699527U (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-14 张艳秋 Air purifier
CN205037427U (en) * 2015-08-19 2016-02-17 陈婷婷 Automatic clearance formula air purifier

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1146925A (en) * 1995-07-21 1997-04-09 华纳·汉茨科 Method and apparatus for cleaning dusty air
US6340383B1 (en) * 1997-11-10 2002-01-22 Simatek A/S Filter having a cleaning nozzle
CN103599673A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-02-26 天津华庆百胜塑业有限公司 Purification equipment capable of effectively treating dense smoke and dust
CN204699527U (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-14 张艳秋 Air purifier
CN205037427U (en) * 2015-08-19 2016-02-17 陈婷婷 Automatic clearance formula air purifier

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