CN105864342B - Circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber - Google Patents

Circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105864342B
CN105864342B CN201610288323.4A CN201610288323A CN105864342B CN 105864342 B CN105864342 B CN 105864342B CN 201610288323 A CN201610288323 A CN 201610288323A CN 105864342 B CN105864342 B CN 105864342B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cartridge module
shock absorber
damper stem
damper
lower
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610288323.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105864342A (en
Inventor
周长峰
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山东交通学院
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Priority to CN201610288323.4A priority Critical patent/CN105864342B/en
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Publication of CN105864342B publication Critical patent/CN105864342B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G7/00Mechanical-power-producing mechanisms, not otherwise provided for or using energy sources not otherwise provided for
    • F03G7/08Mechanical-power-producing mechanisms, not otherwise provided for or using energy sources not otherwise provided for recovering energy derived from swinging, rolling, pitching or like movements, e.g. from the vibrations of a machine

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, including dust cover, damper stem component, upper cartridge module and lower cartridge module, damper stem is welded on dust cover endoporus baseplane center, damper stem component is arranged in upper cartridge module, upper cartridge module is bolted into shock absorber entirety with lower cartridge module, damper stem in damper stem component, flat key, leading screw, ball moves up and down, roller in drive in cartridge module rotates around damper stem center line, roller drives planet gear speed increaser and the outside output electric energy of generator rotation in lower cartridge module.The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The mechanical energy of suspension vibration is transformed into electrical power storage, has saved energy;Damper stem obtains the suitable double fulcrum supports of spacing, has good kinetic stability;The structure type of shock absorber and cylinder type damper are completely the same, are being installed with cylinder type damper with good interchangeability.

Description

Circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber

Technical field

The invention belongs to vehicle vibration damping technical field, and in particular to a kind of circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber.

Background technology

Automobile can be vibrated in road traveling by impact of the uneven road surface to vehicle so as to produce, and lasting vibration is easy Occupant is felt uncomfortable or tired, in order that the vibration of elastic system decays as early as possible, shock absorber is also equipped with suspension, so that Suspension vibration is decayed rapidly.Tube hydraulic shock absorber widely used at present, has compression valve, rebound valve, flowing valve and compensation Four valve groups of valve, during compression travel, damper piston moves down, and piston lower chambers volume reduces, and oil pressure rise, fluid is through flowing valve Piston upper chamber room is flowed to, the increased volume of upper chamber is less than the volume that lower chambers reduce, therefore some fluid pushes compression open Valve flows back to oil storage cylinder, and these valves just cause the damping force to suspension compresses motion to the throttling action of fluid;During extension stroke, subtract Shaken device Tensile, and damper piston moves up, and piston upper chamber room volume reduces, and oil pressure rise, fluid is flowed under piston through rebound valve Chamber, the increased volume of lower chambers are more than the volume that upper chamber reduces, and the fluid in oil storage cylinder just pushes recuperation valve open and flows into cavity of resorption Room, the throttling action of these valves produce the damping force of suspension stretching exercise.In fluid motion process, the mechanical energy of suspension vibration Thermal energy consumption is converted into dissipate.Above-mentioned conventional damper fails, by partially or completely vibration energy regeneration, the very big of energy be present Waste.By retrieving prior art literature, patent CN1626370 discloses a kind of energy storage type active suspension actuator of electric motor, specially Profit proposes that the rotation of DC brushless motor is converted into ball screw and moved along a straight line by sharp ball nut and ball screw mechanism, passes through The rotation of controlled motor carrys out active control actuator catenary motion, to realize suspension caused by active buffer and decay Uneven road Vibration, this actuator are needed from power input electric energy, are also not carried out the effect to recover energy, it is therefore desirable to are redesigned new Type damper structure, with the vibration kinetic energy of partially recycled automobile suspension system to reduce energy dissipation.

The content of the invention

It is in view of the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art and insufficient, it is an object of the present invention to propose a kind of circulating ball type electricity Magnetic power feeding shock absorber, while recovery suspension part vibrational energy is realized, holding is being installed with existing cylinder type damper Good interchangeability.

In order to realize above-mentioned task, the present invention uses following technical solution:

A kind of circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, including dust cover, damper stem component, upper cartridge module and lower cylinder group Part, it is characterised in that damper stem is welded on dust cover endoporus baseplane center, and damper stem component is arranged on upper cylinder group In part, upper cartridge module and lower cartridge module are bolted into shock absorber entirety, damper stem in damper stem component, flat Key, leading screw, ball move up and down, and the roller in drive in cartridge module rotates around damper stem center line, and roller drives lower cylinder group Planet gear speed increaser and generator in part rotate outwards output electric energy.

Above-mentioned circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, it is characterised in that damper stem component by damper stem, flat key, Leading screw, ball, seal on ball and block composition is sealed under block, ball, damper stem upper end coordinates with the guide holder in upper cartridge module, lower end Coordinated by the roller in leading screw, ball and upper cartridge module, damper stem is double fulcrum supports, and fulcrum spacing, which can properly improve, to be subtracted Shake the job stability of device bar, is provided with an elongated hole among damper stem, is easy to fluid to flow back.

Above-mentioned circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, it is characterised in that upper cartridge module is by upper cylinder, upper cylinder shock absorber spiral shell Mother, packing ring, oil seal cover, oil sealing, oil seal spacer ring, oil seal spring, guide holder, bushing, up-thrust bearing, lower thrust-bearing and roller Composition, the interior bearing shoulder block that is provided with of upper cylinder fix lower thrust-bearing, and cylinder support is between up-thrust bearing and lower thrust-bearing, rolling Tube inner chamber one end open, other end closing, the interior injection fluid of roller, when damper stem moves up and down, lubricate ball, roller There is a raceway inside, and the ball on damper stem rolls in raceway, and roller bottom axle stretch end is provided with spline.

Above-mentioned circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, it is characterised in that lower cartridge module is by lower cylinder, planetary gear speedup Device, shaft coupling, generator, bolt and pin bank are into lower cylinder bottom is provided with the wire hole of extraction wire, and lower cylinder is assembled into upper cylinder The split type shell of shock absorber.

The circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber of the present invention, when automotive wheel rolls on projection or rolls out pit, wheel moves Nearly vehicle frame, shock absorber is compressed, and damper stem moves downward, and drives roller, planet gear speed increaser and generator rotation successively, When automotive wheel rolls into pit or is rolled off projection, wheel relative frame is removed, and damper stem Tensile, damper stem is transported upwards It is dynamic, roller, planet gear speed increaser and the rotation of generator opposite direction are driven successively, outwards export electric energy.The beneficial effect of the present invention Fruit is:The mechanical energy of suspension vibration is transformed into electrical power storage, has saved energy;Damper stem obtains suitable pair of spacing Fulcrum support, there is good kinetic stability;The structure type of shock absorber and cylinder type damper are completely the same, with cartridge type vibration damping Device is being installed with good interchangeability.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber front view for representing one embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the sectional view at A-A in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the sectional view at B-B in Fig. 2.

Drawing reference numeral explanation

1st, dust cover, 2, damper stem, 3, leading screw, 4, flat key, 5, ball, 6, roller, 7, seal block on ball, 8, under ball Seal block, 9, lower thrust-bearing, 10, upper cylinder nut, 11, packing ring, 12, oil seal cover, 13, oil sealing, 14, oil seal spacer ring, 15, oil sealing bullet Spring, 16, guide holder, 17, bushing, 18, up-thrust bearing, 19, planet gear speed increaser, 20, generator, 21, shaft coupling, 22, Lower cylinder, 23, pin, 24, bolt, 25, upper cylinder, 26, bearing shoulder block, 27, oilhole, 28, raceway, 29, spline, 30, wire hole, 31st, fluid.

Embodiment

Below, it is described in detail below with reference to 1~3 pair of circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber of the invention of accompanying drawing.

As shown in Figures 1 to 3, circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber by dust cover 1, damper stem component, upper cartridge module and Lower cartridge module composition, wherein damper stem component on damper stem 2, leading screw 3, flat key 4, ball 5, ball including sealing block 7 and rolling Block 8 is sealed under pearl, upper cartridge module is by upper cylinder 25, upper cylinder shock absorber nut 10, packing ring 11, oil seal cover 12, oil sealing 13, oil seal spacer ring 14th, oil seal spring 15, guide holder 16, bushing 17, up-thrust bearing 18, lower thrust-bearing 9, roller 6 form, and lower cartridge module is under Cylinder 22, planet gear speed increaser 19, shaft coupling 21, generator 20, bolt 24, pin 23 form.

The upper end of damper stem 2 coordinates with the guide holder 16 in upper cartridge module, and lower end passes through leading screw 3, ball 5 and upper cylinder group The raceway 28 of roller 6 in part coordinates, and damper stem 2 is double fulcrum supports, and fulcrum spacing is suitable, improves the work of damper stem 2 Make stability, a long oilhole 27 is provided among damper stem 2, is easy to fluid to flow back.

Bearing shoulder block 26 is provided with upper cylinder 25 to fix lower thrust-bearing 9, roller 6 is supported on up-thrust bearing 18 and pushed away with Between power bearing 9, injection fluid, when damper stem 2 moves up and down, lubricates ball 5, has raceway inside roller 6 in roller 6 28, the bottom axle stretch end of roller 6 is provided with spline 29.

The lower bottom of cylinder 22 is provided with the wire hole 30 of extraction wire, and lower cylinder 22 is assembled into the split type of shock absorber with upper cylinder 25 Shell.

As shown in Figures 1 to 3, damper stem 2 is welded on the endoporus baseplane center of dust cover 1, and damper stem 2 is first loaded onto Upper cylinder shock absorber nut 10, packing ring 11, oil seal cover 12, oil sealing 13, oil seal spacer ring 14, oil seal spring 15, guide holder 16, bushing 17, then install to seal on ball and block 8 is sealed under block 7, flat key 4, leading screw 3, ball 5 and ball, the up-thrust bearing on the set of the top of roller 6 18, damper stem 2 is rotated and loads roller 6, lower thrust-bearing 9 is put into upper cylinder 25, places into roller 6, by upper cylinder vibration damping Device nut 10 is screwed on upper cylinder end portion screw thread, and generator 20 is put into lower cylinder 22, by the wire of generator 20 going out from lower cylinder 22 String holes 30 is drawn, and generator 20 is associated on planet gear speed increaser 19 by shaft coupling 21, the spline of planet gear speed increaser 19 In the spline 29 of the axle insertion axle stretch end of roller 6, lower cylinder 22 is linked into an integrated entity with upper cylinder 25 with pin 23 and bolt 24.

Circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, when damper stem 2 moves downward, roller 6, planetary gear is driven to increase successively Fast device 19 and generator 20 work, and when damper stem 2 moves upwards, drive roller 6, planet gear speed increaser 19 and hair successively The opposite direction of motor 20 rotates, and outwards exports electric energy.

The deformation of embodiment

In addition, the invention is not limited in above-mentioned embodiment, the deformation in the range of the object of the invention can be realized, improved It is contained in the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber, including dust cover, damper stem component, upper cartridge module and lower cartridge module, Characterized in that, damper stem is welded on dust cover endoporus baseplane center, damper stem component is arranged on upper cartridge module In, upper cartridge module and lower cartridge module are bolted into shock absorber entirety, damper stem, flat key in damper stem component, Leading screw, ball are moved up and down, and the roller in drive in cartridge module rotates around damper stem center line, and roller is driven in lower cartridge module Planet gear speed increaser and generator rotate outwards output electric energy.
2. circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that damper stem component is by shock absorber Bar, flat key, leading screw, ball, seal on ball and block composition is sealed under block, ball, damper stem upper end and the guide holder in upper cartridge module Coordinate, lower end is coordinated by the roller in leading screw, ball and upper cartridge module, and damper stem is double fulcrum supports, and fulcrum spacing is closed The suitable job stability that can improve damper stem, an elongated hole is provided among damper stem, is easy to fluid to flow back.
3. circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that upper cartridge module is by upper cylinder, upper cylinder Shock absorber nut, packing ring, oil seal cover, oil sealing, oil seal spacer ring, oil seal spring, guide holder, bushing, up-thrust bearing, lower thrust axle Hold and formed with roller, bearing shoulder block is provided with upper cylinder and fixes lower thrust-bearing, cylinder support is in up-thrust bearing and lower thrust axle Between holding, drum cavity one end open, other end closing, the interior injection fluid of roller, when damper stem moves up and down, to ball Lubrication, drums inside have a raceway, and the ball on damper stem rolls in raceway, and roller bottom axle stretch end is provided with spline.
4. circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that lower cartridge module is by lower cylinder, planet Gear speeder, shaft coupling, generator, bolt and pin bank are provided with the wire hole of extraction wire into, lower cylinder bottom, lower cylinder with it is upper Cylinder is assembled into the split type shell of shock absorber.
CN201610288323.4A 2016-04-25 2016-04-25 Circulating ball type electromagnetism power feeding shock absorber CN105864342B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106641080B (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-08-17 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of fluid pressure type variable-damp vibration damper with generating function
CN106763455B (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-12-28 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of pneumatic spring variable-damp vibration damper assembly to generate electricity
CN106594152B (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-07-17 上乘精密科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of variable damping absorber that can be generated electricity
CN107965542A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-27 山东交通学院 A kind of combined electromagnetic damper
CN108799030A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-13 北京航空航天大学 Electromagnetic type vibration damping and energy-absorbing power generator

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GB2520646A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-05-27 Richard Samuel Mcadam Regenerative hydraulic vibration damper
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CN203945935U (en) * 2014-05-09 2014-11-19 安徽霍山县东湖汽车贸易有限公司 A kind of automobile energy regenerative suspension bumper
CN204419973U (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-06-24 西安科技大学 A kind of energy magneto-rheological vibration damper
GB2520646A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-05-27 Richard Samuel Mcadam Regenerative hydraulic vibration damper
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