CN105863229A - Building external wall surface brick paving machine - Google Patents

Building external wall surface brick paving machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105863229A
CN105863229A CN201610242638.5A CN201610242638A CN105863229A CN 105863229 A CN105863229 A CN 105863229A CN 201610242638 A CN201610242638 A CN 201610242638A CN 105863229 A CN105863229 A CN 105863229A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
storage case
external
outlet
slip casting
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CN201610242638.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105863229B (en
Inventor
刘合敏
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长江师范学院
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Priority to CN201610242638.5A priority Critical patent/CN105863229B/en
Publication of CN105863229A publication Critical patent/CN105863229A/en
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Publication of CN105863229B publication Critical patent/CN105863229B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F21/18Implements for finishing work on buildings for setting wall or ceiling slabs or plates
    • E04F21/1838Implements for finishing work on buildings for setting wall or ceiling slabs or plates for setting a plurality of similar elements
    • E04F21/1844Implements for finishing work on buildings for setting wall or ceiling slabs or plates for setting a plurality of similar elements by applying them one by one

Abstract

The invention discloses a building external wall surface brick paving machine. The building external wall surface brick paving machine is characterized in that the machine comprises a wall brick containing box used for being horizontally installed on the external wall surface of a building. Vertical wall bricks can be arranged and stacked in an inner cavity of the wall brick containing box, one end of the wall brick containing box is the open end and forms an outlet, and the other end of the wall brick containing box is provided with a wall brick push device. The wall brick push device can be used for pushing the wall bricks vertically arranged and stacked in the inner cavity of the wall brick containing box out of the outlet. A plastering grouting device used for performing grouting and plastering on a wall in front of the pushed-out wall bricks is disposed on the upper side of the open end of the wall brick containing box. A supporting lifting device is also included, used for making the outlet end of the wall brick containing box directly face the wall and be supported on the wall and capable of lifting the wall brick containing box upwards. By means of the building external wall surface brick paving machine, automatic flow paving of the building external wall surface bricks can be achieved, and the labor intensity of wall brick paving is relieved. The building external wall surface brick paving machine has the advantages that the working efficiency is high, the project quality is good, and the project quality consistency can be guaranteed.

Description

A kind of external wall face brick laydown machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to house decoration field, be specifically related to a kind of external wall face brick laydown machine.
Background technology
When modern high building is built, decoration of exterior wall is typically to select the mode pasting exterior wall tile.The laying of building wall face brick for a long time is all completed by artificial manual operations, and hand lay-up first has to unwrapping wire, Then relying on laying, the stickup of one piece one piece manually, its labor intensity is big, inefficiency, and the uniformity of the flatness of ceramic tile, gap is uneven, and hollowing rate is higher, and construction quality is difficult to ensure.
China's number of patent application 201510439456.2 once disclosed a kind of tile lying device, and it belongs to construction and decoration field.It mainly includes ceramic tile bracing frame, is provided with the peaceful bar that puts one's child in a boarding nursery of vacuum cup before ceramic tile bracing frame, is provided with vacuum pump and taps hammer after ceramic tile bracing frame, and vacuum cup is connected with vacuum pump;It is provided with vertical masonry joint mark post bottom described ceramic tile bracing frame;It is provided with buffer spring between described vacuum cup and ceramic tile bracing frame.This invention achieves polylith ceramic tile and lays simultaneously, settles compacting simultaneously, and the ceramic tile surface laid is smooth, gap uniform, without hollowing.
But the more laying being mainly used in floor tile of this invention, when walltile is laid, it is difficult to form the automatic laying effect of streamlined, equally exist labor intensity big, ineffective defect.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problem to be solved is: how to provide one to be capable of external wall face brick automatization flowing water and lays, reduce wall brick and lay labor intensity, improve work efficiency, improve construction quality conforming external wall face brick laydown machine.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, present invention employs following technical scheme: the application uses state to carry out orientation description based on equipment.
A kind of external wall face brick laydown machine, it is characterized in that, including one for being horizontally arranged at the wall brick storage case of building exterior wall face, wall brick storage case inner chamber can be stacked for the wall brick arrangement of vertical state, wall brick storage case one end is open end and forms outlet, the other end is provided with wall brick pushing means, the wall brick that wall brick pushing means can be used in stacking vertical array in wall brick storage case inner chamber is released from outlet, it is provided with on the upside of described wall brick storage case open end and realizes the grouting device of plastering that slip casting is plastered for wall brick being pushed out front body of wall, also include supporting lifting device, support lifting device to be lifted up being supported on body of wall and be capable of wall brick storage case for the outlet of wall brick storage case being rectified.
So, when this equipment uses, the order first laid as required by the wall brick of vertical state being aligned in wall brick storage case by rows, then by supporting lifting device by proper for the outlet of wall brick storage case to being supported on body of wall.First realize wall brick is pushed out front body of wall by grouting device of plastering to realize slip casting and plaster, control wall brick pushing means after plastering and forefront is positioned at the first vertical setting of types wall brick of wall brick storage case exit position releases, it is achieved the laying of this row's wall brick.Rely on the distance supporting lifting device drive wall brick storage case one wall brick height of rising the most again, synchronize realization by grouting device of plastering during Gai to plaster slip casting, this vertical setting of types wall brick leaning on wall brick pushing means that forefront is positioned at wall brick storage case exit position again is released and is realized the laying of this row's wall brick, circulate successively, it is achieved automatization's flowing water of external wall face brick is laid.Therefore reduce wall brick and lay labor intensity, improve work efficiency, and ensure that construction quality concordance.
As optimization, described wall brick storage case exports two side positions and has the one section of slip casting rim charge protective block extending anteriorly out preset length, and side, slip casting rim charge protective block front end is that elastomeric material prepares.
So, dependence plaster grouting device carry out slip casting time, slurry can enter into lower section and lay in the wall brick in wall brick upper surface and wall brick storage case and the regional space between slip casting rim charge protective block, plaster so that slip casting is better achieved, it is to avoid slurry leaks.Side, slip casting rim charge protective block front end is that elastomeric material is prepared can preferably block gap, it is ensured that slip casting effect.Wherein said preset length is one piece of wall brick thickness plus the coat of plaster thickness preset adds and can produce deformation preferably to block the elastic deformation surplus in gap for slip casting rim charge protective block front end elastomeric material, to guarantee above-mentioned slip casting effect.The elastomeric material of side, slip casting rim charge protective block front end preferably employs elastomeric material, with low cost and elastic effect is good.Further, slip casting rim charge protective block downwardly extends out the distance of at least one wall brick height along wall brick storage case.As such, it is possible to the pulp layer both sides in the wall brick laid for lower section continue to provide a support, it is to avoid slurry drops, and ensures bond effect.
As optimization, described wall brick pushing means includes that is vertically arranged to the push pedal that is interior and that just arrange the outlet of wall brick storage case of wall brick storage case, and push pedal rear is provided with translation controlling organization and can move horizontally toward wall brick storage case Way out by translation controlling organization control push pedal.
So, control push pedal by translation controlling organization and wall brick level is released, be more favorable for ensureing stationarity and the reliability that wall brick level is released.
As optimization, described wall brick storage case bottom surface and both sides inwall being provided with push pedal chute, described push pedal lower surface and two end surfaces are correspondingly arranged on roller and are slidably fit in push pedal chute.
So, further, improve stationarity and reliability that push pedal promotes, improve the smooth and easy degree of work.
As optimization, described translation controlling organization includes being arranged at the interior push-and-pull motor away from outlet side of wall brick storage case, push-and-pull motor output shaft connects one and wall brick storage case exports the power transmission shaft be arrangeding in parallel, translation controlling organization also includes at least horizontally disposed actuator push rod, actuator push rod one end is vertically connected on push pedal and deviates from outlet side, side, the other end is slidably fit in the push-rod hole that wall brick storage case deviates from exit end end, actuator push rod lower surface is provided with driving rack, travelling gear and driving rack engagement it is installed with on described power transmission shaft.
So, relying on push-and-pull motor by rack and pinion engagement transmission, drive actuator push rod promotes push pedal, has simple in construction, easy to control, the advantage that stationarity is good.This structure is convenient simultaneously sets up the many actuator push rod being set up in parallel as required, to improve the stationarity of pushing course further.
Further, push-and-pull motor output shaft is connected by reductor and transmission shaft driven.So, the output of push-and-pull motor can be better controled over through reductor, it is ensured that control accuracy.Further, described power transmission shaft is installed in rotation on and is arranged at intervals in wall brick storage case away from the drive axle support in the inner chamber of outlet side, and described actuator push rod is arranged at intervals with many side by side.So, structure is more stable, runs more steady.Further, described actuator push rod both side surface is axially disposed push rod chute, and push rod chute is slidably fit in the projection of push-rod hole inwall both sides so that the driving rack of actuator push rod lower surface is formed unsettled in push-rod hole.In such manner, it is possible to better ensure that the movable stationarity of actuator push rod and reliability.Further, actuator push rod outer end is provided with the diameter spacing head more than push-rod hole diameter.So can play position-limiting action, prevent actuator push rod from passing push-rod hole.
As optimization, grouting device of plastering includes the slip casting container above an exit end being arranged on wall brick storage case, slip casting container has above an outlet being positioned at wall brick storage case the pulp portion that direction is rectangular of overlooking, pulp portion is positioned at the upper lateral edges position of outlet of wall brick storage case and has the grouting port consistent with outlet length, and grouting port lower surface has the sheet of plastering smoothed for plastering that the elastomeric material that one section of entirety extends forward prepares.
So, during wall brick storage case rises and realizes plastering, slurry flows out from grouting port, and relies on the elastic force of sheet of plastering to make it be applied on metope, and plaster effect is better achieved.Sheet of wherein plastering preferably employs elastomeric material to be worth, and has with low cost, elasticity can convenient, flexible adjustment to ensure to plaster the advantages such as effect.
As optimization, plaster and grouting device is additionally provided with grout injection control mechanism, described grout injection control mechanism includes being connected in slip casting container the upright cylindric measure control portion arranging pulp portion behind pulp portion, lumen centers position, measure control portion direct-axis is to being provided with spiral feeding axis, being provided with feeding screw blade on spiral feeding axis, spiral feeding axis one end passes slip casting container and a feeding being fixed on slip casting external container controls motor and is connected.
As such, it is possible to the rotation output relying on feeding to control motor controls, it is achieved the control to the slurry output component plastered every time, it is ensured that the slurry component plastered is required component, it is ensured that effect of plastering every time, improve construction quality concordance.
As optimization, grout injection control mechanism also includes being positioned at the pulp rotating shaft that pulp portion is arranged along grouting port length direction, slip casting container is extended in pulp rotating shaft one end and a pulp being fixed on slip casting external container controls motor and is connected, in pulp rotating shaft along axis centre position the symmetrical helical blade that is distributed, described measure control portion just to pulp rotating shaft medium position arrange.So, after measure control portion measure control slurry arrives pulp portion, by helical blade symmetrical in pulp rotating shaft, slurry is spread out even toward direction, the left and right sides, the most again from grouting port pulp, better assure that the uniformity that slip casting is plastered.Further, between described pulp portion and measure control portion, also linking has one to overlook direction is the larger diameter end trapezoidal convergence part towards pulp portion;So, the helical blade on this convergence part and pulp rotating shaft coordinates, and better ensures that pulp uniformity.
Further, be additionally provided with send slurry pipeline be connected with slip casting container.Ensure that the without interruption of slurry, alleviate the deadweight of wall brick storage case, with convenient, it is promoted control.
As optimization, also include that wall brick is plastered strengthening mechanism, described wall brick is plastered strengthening mechanism, it is less than a horizontally disposed reinforcing bar of one piece of wall brick height including being positioned at distance outlet below the outlet of wall brick storage case, reinforcing bar and be connected to wall brick storage case by flexible connecting rod, flexible connecting rod is used for reinforcing the elastic force of bar applying inwardly top and realizing the reinforcing compression spreading wall brick.
So, reinforce bar and can further the wall brick just laid be carried out smooth, it is ensured that its laying quality;And the setting of this structure makes when, in the process of deployment of this equipment row's wall brick in realization, next row has been laid wall brick and reinforcing bar can be relied on to be able to bracing reinforcement, it is to avoid has just laid wall brick and has dropped owing to slurry adhesion is strong not.
Further, reinforce on bar rotatably arranged with there being row's pinch rollers, and contact realization reinforcing by pinch rollers with spreading wall brick surface.So, when wall brick storage case rises, contact pressure reinforcing by roller with spreading wall brick surface, preferably reduce friction, improve consolidation effect, beneficially holding means improving stability.Further, pinch rollers surface is arranged with the resilient sleeve that one layer of elastomeric material prepares, and preferably improves and compresses effect and ensure device improving stability, meanwhile, when laying the wall brick of different-thickness, can change thickness to adapt to by changing resilient sleeve.Resilient sleeve preferably employs elastomeric material and obtains, with low cost and elastic preferably.
As optimization, support lifting device and include being preset in two guide rails of both sides, wall brick region to be spread in external wall, described wall brick storage case both sides are the most extended has support arm and supporting arm front end to be coordinated on guide rail by elevator wheel, support lifting device and also include hoisting mechanism, hoisting mechanism includes being arranged on the elevator motor on wall brick overlying regions building to be spread body and fixed pulley group, elevator motor output end connecting steel wire ropes, steel wire rope is through fixed pulley group and connects down on wall brick storage case.
So, wall brick storage case direction of improvement is guided by the guide rail by presetting, it is ensured that the concordance of laying and reliability, meanwhile, relies on hoisting mechanism by rope hoisting wall brick storage case;The convenient control realizing rising wall brick storage case and stopping, is beneficial to ensure the controllability of its work process and reliability.
Further, described guide rail is i shaped steel, each supporting arm front end be arranged at intervals with two elevator wheel side by side and by two elevator wheel snap-fit engagement to i shaped steel grooves on two sides inside.So simple in construction, guide rail and elevator wheel stress are steadily reliable, and it is spacing to be capable of the clamping to elevator wheel, it is ensured that during promoting wall brick, wall brick storage case will not outwards be ejected.
Further, each support arm is all axially installed with spring shock (absorber) strut along support arm.The most not only there is damping effect, and the wall brick region surface distance to be spread not exported to external wall so that spring shock (absorber) strut by wall brick storage case during external force can be set and add the distance of the coat of plaster thickness preset less than one piece of wall brick thickness.So, when promoting push pedal to realize wall brick laying, need the elastic force overcoming some spring shock (absorber) struts that wall brick storage case entirety is outwards overhanged some distances, the laying that could realize wall brick puts in place, after wall brick is laid, wall brick storage case can continue to during being lifted up ensure the wall brick just laid is applied certain pressure, improve it and metope combines effect, it is ensured that overall laying effect is excellent.
In sum, this equipment is capable of external wall face brick automatization flowing water and lays, and reduces wall brick and lays labor intensity, has work efficiency high, and good engineering quality, construction quality consistent performance accesses the advantages such as guarantee.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view that Fig. 1 overlooks direction.
Fig. 3 be Fig. 1 individually plasters grouting device slip casting container in can show that the schematic diagram of slurry portion partial structurtes.
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 1 individually supports in lifting device during Fig. 5 the structural representation showing that guide rail and elevator wheel coordinate.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Optimum embodiment: as Figure 1-5, a kind of external wall face brick laydown machine, including one for being horizontally arranged at the wall brick storage case 1 of building exterior wall face, wall brick storage case 1 inner chamber can be stacked for wall brick 2 arrangement of vertical state, wall brick storage case one end is open end and forms outlet 3, the other end is provided with wall brick pushing means, the wall brick 2 that wall brick pushing means can be used in stacking vertical array in wall brick storage case inner chamber is from outlet 3 release, it is provided with on the upside of described wall brick storage case 1 open end and realizes the grouting device of plastering that slip casting is plastered for wall brick being pushed out front body of wall, also include supporting lifting device, support lifting device to be lifted up being supported on body of wall and be capable of wall brick storage case for the outlet of wall brick storage case being rectified.
So, when this equipment uses, the order first laid as required by the wall brick of vertical state being aligned in wall brick storage case by rows, then by supporting lifting device by proper for the outlet of wall brick storage case to being supported on body of wall.First realize wall brick is pushed out front body of wall by grouting device of plastering to realize slip casting and plaster, control wall brick pushing means after plastering and forefront is positioned at the first vertical setting of types wall brick of wall brick storage case exit position releases, it is achieved the laying of this row's wall brick.Rely on the distance supporting lifting device drive wall brick storage case one wall brick height of rising the most again, synchronize realization by grouting device of plastering during Gai to plaster slip casting, this vertical setting of types wall brick leaning on wall brick pushing means that forefront is positioned at wall brick storage case exit position again is released and is realized the laying of this row's wall brick, circulate successively, it is achieved automatization's flowing water of external wall face brick is laid.Therefore reduce wall brick and lay labor intensity, improve work efficiency, and ensure that construction quality concordance.During enforcement, wall brick storage case is rectangular profile and the body structure with rectangular inner cavity, to facilitate wall brick to stack.Preferably selecting is that wall brick storage case cavity heights is slightly above one piece of wall brick height distance (typically exceeding 2-50mm), can preferably facilitate wall brick vertically to stack, does not the most affect the slip of its level and is as the criterion.
Wherein, described wall brick storage case 1 exports two side positions and has the one section of slip casting rim charge protective block 4 extending anteriorly out preset length, and side, slip casting rim charge protective block 4 front end is that elastomeric material prepares.
So, dependence plaster grouting device carry out slip casting time, slurry can enter into lower section and lay in the wall brick in wall brick upper surface and wall brick storage case and the regional space between slip casting rim charge protective block, plaster so that slip casting is better achieved, it is to avoid slurry leaks.Side, slip casting rim charge protective block 4 front end is that elastomeric material is prepared can preferably block gap, it is ensured that slip casting effect.Wherein said preset length is one piece of wall brick thickness plus the coat of plaster thickness preset adds and can produce deformation preferably to block the elastic deformation surplus in gap for slip casting rim charge protective block front end elastomeric material, to guarantee above-mentioned slip casting effect.The elastomeric material of side, slip casting rim charge protective block front end preferably employs elastomeric material, with low cost and elastic effect is good.Further, slip casting rim charge protective block 4 downwardly extends out the distance of at least one wall brick height along wall brick storage case.As such, it is possible to the pulp layer both sides in the wall brick laid for lower section continue to provide a support, it is to avoid slurry drops, and ensures bond effect.
Wherein, described wall brick pushing means includes that is vertically arranged to the push pedal 5 that is interior and that just arrange the outlet of wall brick storage case of wall brick storage case, and push pedal 5 rear is provided with translation controlling organization and can move horizontally toward wall brick storage case Way out by translation controlling organization control push pedal.
So, control push pedal by translation controlling organization and wall brick level is released, be more favorable for ensureing stationarity and the reliability that wall brick level is released.
Wherein, described wall brick storage case 1 bottom surface and both sides inwall being provided with push pedal chute, described push pedal 5 lower surface and two end surfaces are correspondingly arranged on roller and are slidably fit in push pedal chute.
So, further, improve stationarity and reliability that push pedal promotes, improve the smooth and easy degree of work.
Wherein, described translation controlling organization includes being arranged at the interior push-and-pull motor 6 away from outlet side of wall brick storage case, push-and-pull motor 6 output shaft connects one and wall brick storage case exports the power transmission shaft 7 be arrangeding in parallel, translation controlling organization also includes at least horizontally disposed actuator push rod 8, actuator push rod 8 one end is vertically connected on push pedal 5 and deviates from outlet side, side, the other end is slidably fit in the push-rod hole 14 that wall brick storage case deviates from exit end end, actuator push rod 8 lower surface is provided with driving rack 9, it is installed with travelling gear 10 on described power transmission shaft 7 and driving rack 9 engages.
So, relying on push-and-pull motor by rack and pinion engagement transmission, drive actuator push rod promotes push pedal, has simple in construction, easy to control, the advantage that stationarity is good.This structure is convenient simultaneously sets up the many actuator push rod 8 being set up in parallel as required, to improve the stationarity of pushing course further.
Wherein, push-and-pull motor 6 output shaft is in transmission connection by reductor 11 and power transmission shaft 7.So, the output of push-and-pull motor can be better controled over through reductor, it is ensured that control accuracy.Further, described power transmission shaft 7 is installed in rotation on and is arranged at intervals in wall brick storage case away from the drive axle support 12 in the inner chamber of outlet side, and described actuator push rod 8 is arranged at intervals with many side by side.So, structure is more stable, runs more steady.Further, described actuator push rod 8 both side surface is axially disposed push rod chute 13, and push rod chute 13 is slidably fit in the projection of push-rod hole 14 inwall both sides so that the driving rack of actuator push rod lower surface is formed unsettled in push-rod hole.In such manner, it is possible to better ensure that the movable stationarity of actuator push rod and reliability.Further, actuator push rod outer end is provided with the diameter spacing head more than push-rod hole diameter.So can play position-limiting action, prevent actuator push rod from passing push-rod hole.
Wherein, grouting device of plastering includes the slip casting container 15 above an exit end being arranged on wall brick storage case, slip casting container 15 has above an outlet being positioned at wall brick storage case the pulp portion 16 that direction is rectangular of overlooking, pulp portion 16 is positioned at lateral edges position in the outlet 3 of wall brick storage case to be had and the outlet consistent grouting port of length, and grouting port lower surface has the sheet 17 of plastering smoothed for plastering that the elastomeric material that one section of entirety extends forward prepares.
So, during wall brick storage case rises and realizes plastering, slurry flows out from grouting port, and relies on the elastic force of sheet of plastering to make it be applied on metope, and plaster effect is better achieved.Sheet of wherein plastering preferably employs elastomeric material to be worth, and has with low cost, elasticity can convenient, flexible adjustment to ensure to plaster the advantages such as effect.
Wherein, plaster and grouting device is additionally provided with grout injection control mechanism, described grout injection control mechanism includes being connected in slip casting container the upright cylindric measure control portion 18 arranging pulp portion behind pulp portion, lumen centers position, measure control portion 18 direct-axis is to being provided with spiral feeding axis 19, be provided with feeding screw blade on spiral feeding axis, spiral feeding axis 19 one end pass slip casting container 15 be fixed on one slip casting external container feeding control motor 20 be connected.
As such, it is possible to the rotation output relying on feeding to control motor controls, it is achieved the control to the slurry output component plastered every time, it is ensured that the slurry component plastered is required component, it is ensured that effect of plastering every time, improve construction quality concordance.
Wherein, grout injection control mechanism also includes being positioned at the pulp rotating shaft 21 that pulp portion is arranged along grouting port length direction, pulp rotating shaft 21 one end extend slip casting container 15 be fixed on one slip casting external container pulp control motor 22 be connected, in pulp rotating shaft 21 along axis centre position the symmetrical helical blade 23 that is distributed, described measure control portion 18 just to pulp rotating shaft 21 medium position arrange.So, after measure control portion measure control slurry arrives pulp portion, by helical blade symmetrical in pulp rotating shaft, slurry is spread out even toward direction, the left and right sides, the most again from grouting port pulp, better assure that the uniformity that slip casting is plastered.Further, between described pulp portion 16 and measure control portion 18, also linking has one to overlook direction is the larger diameter end trapezoidal convergence part 24 towards pulp portion;So, the helical blade on this convergence part and pulp rotating shaft coordinates, and better ensures that pulp uniformity.Further, described convergence part 24 and measure control portion 18 are inclined upwardly setting away from the one end in direction, pulp portion, are so more favorable for pulp flow feeding, it is ensured that slip casting smoothness.
Wherein, be additionally provided with send slurry pipeline 25 be connected with slip casting container.Ensure that the without interruption of slurry, alleviate the deadweight of wall brick storage case, with convenient, it is promoted control.
Wherein, also include that wall brick is plastered strengthening mechanism, described wall brick is plastered strengthening mechanism, it is less than a horizontally disposed reinforcing bar 26 of one piece of wall brick height including being positioned at distance outlet below the outlet of wall brick storage case, reinforcing bar 26 and be connected to wall brick storage case by flexible connecting rod 27, flexible connecting rod 27 is used for reinforcing bar 26 applying the elastic force of inwardly top and realizes the reinforcing to spreading wall brick to compress.
So, reinforcing bar can rely on the elastic force of flexible connecting rod to carry out smooth to the wall brick just laid further, it is ensured that its laying quality;And the setting of this structure makes when, in the process of deployment of this equipment row's wall brick in realization, next row has been laid wall brick and reinforcing bar can be relied on to be able to bracing reinforcement, it is to avoid has just laid wall brick and has dropped owing to slurry adhesion is strong not.When being embodied as, flexible connecting rod is realized at the stiff rod of wall brick storage case lower surface and the tension spring connected up between stiff rod and wall brick storage case lower surface by a upper end thereof, so being convenient for changing tension spring makes it can either ensure to support and compress consolidation effect so that regulation elastic force is moderate, again will not be excessive and to affect wall brick storage case up.
Wherein, reinforce on bar 26 rotatably arranged with there being row's pinch rollers 28, and contact realization reinforcing by pinch rollers 28 with spreading wall brick surface.So, when wall brick storage case rises, contact pressure reinforcing by roller with spreading wall brick surface, preferably reduce friction, improve consolidation effect, beneficially holding means improving stability.Further, pinch rollers 28 surface is arranged with the resilient sleeve 29 that one layer of elastomeric material prepares, and preferably improves and compresses effect and ensure device improving stability, meanwhile, when laying the wall brick of different-thickness, can change thickness to adapt to by changing resilient sleeve.Resilient sleeve preferably employs elastomeric material and obtains, with low cost and elastic preferably.
Wherein, support lifting device and include being preset in two guide rails 30 of both sides, wall brick region to be spread in external wall, described wall brick storage case 1 both sides are the most extended has support arm 32 and support arm 32 front end to coordinate on guide rail 30 by elevator wheel 33, support lifting device and also include hoisting mechanism, hoisting mechanism includes being arranged on the elevator motor 31 on wall brick overlying regions building to be spread body and fixed pulley group 34, elevator motor 31 outfan connecting steel wire ropes 35, steel wire rope 35 is through fixed pulley group 34 and connects down on wall brick storage case 1.
So, wall brick storage case direction of improvement is guided by the guide rail by presetting, it is ensured that the concordance of laying and reliability, meanwhile, relies on hoisting mechanism by rope hoisting wall brick storage case;The convenient control realizing rising wall brick storage case and stopping, is beneficial to ensure the controllability of its work process and reliability.
Wherein, described guide rail 30 is i shaped steel, each supporting arm front end be arranged at intervals with two elevator wheel 33 side by side and by two elevator wheel snap-fit engagement to i shaped steel grooves on two sides inside.So simple in construction, guide rail and elevator wheel stress are steadily reliable, and it is spacing to be capable of the clamping to elevator wheel, it is ensured that during promoting wall brick, wall brick storage case will not outwards be ejected.
Wherein, each support arm 32 is all axially installed with spring shock (absorber) strut 36 along support arm.The most not only there is damping effect, and the wall brick region surface distance to be spread not exported to external wall so that spring shock (absorber) strut by wall brick storage case during external force can be set and add the distance of the coat of plaster thickness preset less than one piece of wall brick thickness.So, when promoting push pedal to realize wall brick laying, need the elastic force overcoming some spring shock (absorber) struts that wall brick storage case entirety is outwards overhanged some distances, the laying that could realize wall brick puts in place, after wall brick is laid, wall brick storage case can continue to during being lifted up ensure the wall brick just laid is applied certain pressure, improve it and metope combines effect, it is ensured that overall laying effect is excellent.

Claims (10)

1. an external wall face brick laydown machine, it is characterized in that, including one for being horizontally arranged at the wall brick storage case of building exterior wall face, wall brick storage case inner chamber can be stacked for the wall brick arrangement of vertical state, wall brick storage case one end is open end and forms outlet, the other end is provided with wall brick pushing means, the wall brick that wall brick pushing means can be used in stacking vertical array in wall brick storage case inner chamber is released from outlet, it is provided with on the upside of described wall brick storage case open end and realizes the grouting device of plastering that slip casting is plastered for wall brick being pushed out front body of wall, also include supporting lifting device, support lifting device to be lifted up being supported on body of wall and be capable of wall brick storage case for the outlet of wall brick storage case being rectified.
2. external wall face brick laydown machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described wall brick storage case exports two side positions and has the one section of slip casting rim charge protective block extending anteriorly out preset length, side, slip casting rim charge protective block front end is that elastomeric material prepares.
3. external wall face brick laydown machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described wall brick pushing means includes that is vertically arranged to the push pedal that is interior and that just arrange the outlet of wall brick storage case of wall brick storage case, and push pedal rear is provided with translation controlling organization and can move horizontally toward wall brick storage case Way out by translation controlling organization control push pedal.
4. external wall face brick laydown machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that being provided with push pedal chute on described wall brick storage case bottom surface and both sides inwall, described push pedal lower surface and two end surfaces are correspondingly arranged on roller and are slidably fit in push pedal chute.
5. external wall face brick laydown machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described translation controlling organization includes being arranged at the interior push-and-pull motor away from outlet side of wall brick storage case, push-and-pull motor output shaft connects one and wall brick storage case exports the power transmission shaft be arrangeding in parallel, translation controlling organization also includes at least horizontally disposed actuator push rod, actuator push rod one end is vertically connected on push pedal and deviates from outlet side, side, the other end is slidably fit in the push-rod hole that wall brick storage case deviates from exit end end, actuator push rod lower surface is provided with driving rack, travelling gear and driving rack engagement it is installed with on described power transmission shaft.
6. external wall face brick laydown machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, grouting device of plastering includes the slip casting container above an exit end being arranged on wall brick storage case, slip casting container has above an outlet being positioned at wall brick storage case the pulp portion that direction is rectangular of overlooking, pulp portion is positioned at the upper lateral edges position of outlet of wall brick storage case and has the grouting port consistent with outlet length, and grouting port lower surface has the sheet of plastering smoothed for plastering that the elastomeric material that one section of entirety extends forward prepares.
7. external wall face brick laydown machine as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, plaster and grouting device is additionally provided with grout injection control mechanism, described grout injection control mechanism includes being connected in slip casting container the upright cylindric measure control portion arranging pulp portion behind pulp portion, lumen centers position, measure control portion direct-axis is to being provided with spiral feeding axis, being provided with feeding screw blade on spiral feeding axis, spiral feeding axis one end passes slip casting container and a feeding being fixed on slip casting external container controls motor and is connected.
8. external wall face brick laydown machine as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, grout injection control mechanism also includes being positioned at the pulp rotating shaft that pulp portion is arranged along grouting port length direction, slip casting container is extended in pulp rotating shaft one end and a pulp being fixed on slip casting external container controls motor and is connected, in pulp rotating shaft along axis centre position the symmetrical helical blade that is distributed, described measure control portion just to pulp rotating shaft medium position arrange.
9. external wall face brick laydown machine as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, also include that wall brick is plastered strengthening mechanism, described wall brick is plastered strengthening mechanism, it is less than a horizontally disposed reinforcing bar of one piece of wall brick height including being positioned at distance outlet below the outlet of wall brick storage case, reinforcing bar and be connected to wall brick storage case by flexible connecting rod, flexible connecting rod is used for reinforcing the elastic force of bar applying inwardly top and realizing the reinforcing compression spreading wall brick.
10. external wall face brick laydown machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, support lifting device and include being preset in two guide rails of both sides, wall brick region to be spread in external wall, described wall brick storage case both sides are the most extended has support arm and supporting arm front end to be coordinated on guide rail by elevator wheel, support lifting device and also include hoisting mechanism, hoisting mechanism includes being arranged on the elevator motor on wall brick overlying regions building to be spread body and fixed pulley group, elevator motor output end connecting steel wire ropes, steel wire rope is through fixed pulley group and connects down on wall brick storage case.
CN201610242638.5A 2016-04-19 2016-04-19 A kind of external wall face brick laydown machine Active CN105863229B (en)

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CN109083423A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-25 浙江智盛南洋新材料有限公司 Assembled wall mounting device
CN109267733A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-01-25 杭州曼京科技有限公司 The box finishing of one kind uses auxiliary device
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CN109083423A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-25 浙江智盛南洋新材料有限公司 Assembled wall mounting device
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CN110778079A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-02-11 邵阳学院 Automatic tile pasting unit and tile pasting mechanical device for building outer wall
CN111119454A (en) * 2020-03-13 2020-05-08 平湖市聚顶包装有限公司 Ceramic tile assembly robot

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