CN105850559A - Indoor planting system capable of realizing early warning of water shortage and wireless control - Google Patents

Indoor planting system capable of realizing early warning of water shortage and wireless control Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105850559A
CN105850559A CN201610255619.6A CN201610255619A CN105850559A CN 105850559 A CN105850559 A CN 105850559A CN 201610255619 A CN201610255619 A CN 201610255619A CN 105850559 A CN105850559 A CN 105850559A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
wireless
control
early warning
water supply
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610255619.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林振华
伏小强
Original Assignee
苏州创必成电子科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610255619.6A priority Critical patent/CN105850559A/en
Publication of CN105850559A publication Critical patent/CN105850559A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/022Pots for vertical horticulture
    • A01G9/023Multi-tiered planters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses an indoor planting system capable of realizing early warning of water shortage and wireless control. The system comprises a support, a control system, an automatic water supply system, humidity sensors and a water level sensor, wherein the automatic water supply system comprises a water tank, a water pipe, a water pump, a water supply port and a water return port, the water pump is placed in the water tank and connected with the water pipe in soil through the water supply port, water through holes are formed in the wall of the water pipe, the water return port is arranged above the water tank, and the vertical water outlet position is lower than the water pipe. The control system is taken as a core, the humidity of the soil is acquired through the humidity sensors, circulating irrigation is performed through the automatic water supply system, humidity control is realized, early warning of water shortage is realized through the water level sensor, wireless intelligent remote control is realized through a wireless device, and the system is high in automation degree, high in space utilization rate and capable of being flexibly controlled as a whole.

Description

A kind of indoor implant system of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless

Technical field

The present invention relates to planting technology field, particularly relate to the indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless.

Background technology

In recent years, continuous growth along with urban population, the high buildings and large mansions of reinforced concrete are the most increasing, so that the green coverage in city is constantly reducing, meanwhile, the crowd in city, the food of vegetable etc is all to be bought by market, people cannot be by naked eyes identification vegetable whether safety, so that urbanite is faced with the problem such as environmental pollution, food safety.

Family planting vegetable garden refers to that resident utilizes the space of family housing to carry out planting vegetable, not only act as indoor greening, decorate the effect viewed and admired, and the vegetable planted eats for people, ensure that food safety, meanwhile, the job morale of the busy anxiety of people and the heaviest learning pressure of child, can be by culturing vegetable personally, enjoy the enjoyment that Arcadian life brings, thus serve the effect of mood of releiving.

nullDifferent vegetable varieties is for illumination、Temperature and humidity has different requirements,For illumination and temperature,Cheap and the light compensating lamp that is easily achieved can effective supplementary light,The most universal air-conditioning can effectively regulate temperature,But,The most effectively control watering time and irrigation amount,Thus ensure the humidity requirement of vegetable variety,But it is not easy to,A kind of three-dimensional paddy field wall such as Chinese Patent Application No. 201210082682.6,Have employed water and cycle facilities thereof、Plant and cultivating facility thereof、Forms facility,In Fen、Outward、Interior three hierarchical combination become the wall body structure in house,Intervalometer and fixing water supply installation is used to control irrigation amount,But the timing function of intervalometer is parameter-embedded,This invention does not provides control device to carry out parameter setting,The present invention is made to there is culturing vegetable single、The defect of malfunction;The light filling type sectional kitchen garden planting unit of Chinese Patent Application No. 201410350469.8, the devices such as microcomputer controller, micropump, LED light supplement lamp are used to realize computer semiautomatic control irrigation amount, operate the most flexible, but this invention have employed the mode of top water spray, water flows from top to bottom, the humidity that there is top layer and bottom is uneven, and the water of ejection is poured onto on vegetable, has that the soil is porous, moisture evaporation and a defect such as unbecoming;A kind of root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system of China Patent No. 201420207751.6, use controlling water level and the mode of bottom sponge infiltration, realize automatic irrigation and control the beneficial effect of soil moisture, avoid many defects that top water spray brings, but the contact of water-absorbing sponge and soil makes soil can absorb moisture always, until soil moisture is saturated or has reached the situation that sponge humidity is consistent, humid control is undesirable and the problem that there is soil's being over wet;nullA kind of balcony vegetable plantation equipment of the automatic irrigation of China Patent No. 201510632916.3,The change of soil moisture content is judged by detection soil resistivity change,Realize pouring water by the with holes little water pipe being embedded in soil,Thus realize the technique effect of automatic irrigation,But this invention measures soil moisture content indirectly by soil resistivity,Its error is bigger,Not accurate enough,Simultaneously because tube-type receptacle two ends are by covering closure,If monolayer tube-type receptacle,Then space availability ratio is the lowest,If multilamellar tube-type receptacle,Then do not connect mutually between multilamellar,Water circulation can not be formed,Flow into the water in little water pipe with holes to flow out from the perforate of one end capping in the case of reaching suitable soil moisture,The water flowed out is regardless of whether there is collection,The water collected is regardless of whether reuse,All make this invention cannot realize water-saving irrigation and automatic irrigation simultaneously.

A kind of the family planting system that automatic watering function, energy-conservation irrigation, space availability ratio are high and can control flexibly can be realized it is therefore desirable to design.

Summary of the invention

The present invention solves that the problems referred to above provide the indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless, with control system as core, soil moisture is gathered by humidity sensor, it is circulated irrigation by automatic water supply system, achieve humid control, achieve hydropenia early warning by level sensor, and pass through wireless device, achieving intelligent wireless remote control, automaticity is high on the whole, space availability ratio is high and can control flexibly.

For achieving the above object, reaching the effect above, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:

A kind of indoor implant system of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless, including support, control system, automatic water supply system, humidity sensor and level sensor, described automatic water supply system includes tank, water pipe, water pump, feed water inlet and water return outlet, described water pump is placed in the sink, it is connected with the water pipe being placed in soil by feed water inlet, described water pipe is provided with permeable hole on tube wall, described water return outlet is arranged on the top of tank, and the upright position of water outlet is less than water pipe, described control system and automatic water supply system, humidity sensor, level sensor connects.

Further, described support includes that short planting groove, long planting groove, universal wheel and collet, described short planting groove are connected with long planting groove, and described water pipe is positioned at short planting groove, the bottom of long planting groove, and described tank is placed on collet.

Further, described control system includes display, button, central controller, sensor processing module and wireless device, and described wireless device can be attached with the smart machine of user, and described wireless device is WIFI module or Bluetooth module.

Further, described humidity sensor is provided with one or more, contacts with the soil in planting groove, and described control system, by receiving the soil humidity information that humidity sensor gathers, automatically controls startup or the closedown of automatic water supply system.

Further, described level sensor is placed on tank, and described control system is by receiving the tank water level information that level sensor gathers, thus controls whether to send hydropenia early warning.

Further, the parameter can changed in described control system includes but not limited to: soil moisture range, default hydropenia alarming value, the startup of controlled in wireless or the closedown that the output of automatic water supply system and water supply time, different cultivars are corresponding, described control system preserves the parameter that user sets, thus is controlled automatic water supply system, hydropenia prior-warning device.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

The indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless, has the advantage that

1, by being embedded in the water pipe with holes bottom soil, using pumping for water pump to eminence, flow through planting groove along water pipe, the most unnecessary current return flume, entirety achieves the technique effect of water circulation, thus avoids unnecessary water to discharge the waste caused;By arranging different water supply parameters in the controls, to adapt to the humidity requirement of different vegetable kind, enabling users to control more flexibly irrigation amount, the water content in soil monitored in real time by humidity sensor simultaneously, it is achieved thereby that the technique effect automatically watered;

2, the wireless device in control system can be connected with the smart machine of user so that user can carry out the Wireless remote control to whole system by the APP program being contained on smart machine in advance;

3, gathered the water level information in tank by level sensor, by user preset hydropenia alarming value, the software algorithm in control system judge, and send early warning signal, thus remind user to carry out moisturizing in time;

In sum, the present invention is a kind of intelligent implant system with humid control, wireless remote control, hydropenia early warning.

Described above is only the general introduction of technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand the technological means of the present invention, and can be practiced according to the content of description, below with presently preferred embodiments of the present invention and coordinate accompanying drawing describe in detail as after, the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is shown in detail in by following example and accompanying drawing thereof.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Accompanying drawing described herein is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, constitutes the part of the application, and the schematic description and description of the present invention is used for explaining the present invention, is not intended that inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 2 is the front view of the indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional view of the indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 4 is the axonometric chart of the indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 5 is the top view of the indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the automatic water supply system that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the control system that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 8 is the schematic internal view of the control system that the present invention relates to.

Wherein, support 1, control system 2, automatic water supply system 3, humidity sensor 4, smart machine 5, level sensor 6, top cover plate 11, long beam 12, tail trimmer 13, column 14, short planting groove 15, long planting groove 16, universal wheel 17, collet 18, buttress brace 19, display 21, button 22, central controller 23, sensor processing module 24, wiring hole 25, wireless device 26, tank 31, water pipe 32, water pump 33, feed water inlet 34, water return outlet 35.

Detailed description of the invention

Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments, the present invention is described in detail:

As Figure 1-Figure 8, a kind of indoor implant system of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless, by support 1, control system 2, automatic water supply system 3, humidity sensor 4 and level sensor 6 form, control system 2 and automatic water supply system 3 are placed on support 1, control system 2 automatic water supply system 3, humidity sensor 4, level sensor 6 is connected, wherein automatic water supply system 3 includes tank 31, water pipe 32, water pump 33, feed water inlet 34 and water return outlet 35, water pump 33 is placed in tank 31, it is connected with the water pipe 32 being placed in soil by feed water inlet 34, the tube wall of water pipe 32 is provided with permeable hole, water return outlet 35 is positioned at the top of tank 31, and the upright position of water outlet is less than water pipe 32.

As it is shown in figure 1, support 1 includes top cover plate 11, long beam 12, tail trimmer 13, column 14, short planting groove 15, long planting groove 16, universal wheel 17, collet 18 and buttress brace 19;Short planting groove 15 is connected with long planting groove 16, forms loop;Water pipe 32 is positioned at short planting groove 15, the bottom of long planting groove 16, and the soil overlaid with plantation of water pipe 32, tank 31 is placed on collet 18, and collet 18 is arranged on the bottom of support 1;Control system 2 is then positioned at the top of long beam 12, against long planting groove 16;Humidity sensor 4 is provided with three, is each provided with one on every layer long planting groove 16, is placed on the sidewall of long planting groove 16, contacts with the soil in long planting groove 16.

The height that control system 2 is placed on support 1 is at about one meter, it is simple to user is controlled;Whole support 1 is provided with three layers of plantation layer altogether, and space availability ratio is higher, and every layer is separated by 0.4 meter, the growing space that vegetable has is at about 0.3 meter, suitable cultivation most vegetables kind, support 1 is provided with four universal wheels 17 altogether, it is simple to user moves according to practical situation;Whole support 1 use long beam 12, tail trimmer 13, column 14 as body frame structure, simultaneously in the middle of be provided with four buttress braces 19 and carry out load-bearing, securely.

As it is shown on figure 3, level sensor 6 is placed on tank 31, touch with tank 31 bottom connection.

As shown in Figs. 7-8, control system 2 includes display 21, button 22, central controller 23, sensor processing module 24, wiring hole 25 and wireless device 26, wireless device 26 is WIFI module, wireless connections can be carried out with the smart machine 5 of user, be connected energising with external power source by wiring hole 25.

The overall work process of this embodiment is as follows: the power line of connection control system 2, user is planting vegetable kind in short planting groove 15, long planting groove 16, and according to vegetable variety, the requirement of humidity is carried out parameter setting, after being provided with, control system 2 carries out humid control and hydropenia early warning, and user chooses whether to open controlled in wireless, automatic mode and the switching of manual mode also dependent on the practical situation of oneself.

Realize the process that parameter arranges as follows: carry out parameter first when arranging, check operation interface by display 21, input parameter and corresponding vegetable variety, the central controller 23 being then saved in control system 2 by button 22, after parameter is arranged successfully first, according to the vegetable variety of plantation, search corresponding sequence number, recall the parameter arranged before, carry out using, if finding, the parameter recalled does not meets the actual requirement of oneself, can modify, and uses after preservation.

The process realizing humid control is as follows: the soil humidity information gathered by the humidity sensor 4 being embedded in soil, and the soil humidity information gathered is sent to control system 2, computing is carried out by the software algorithm in control system 2, judge whether in the soil moisture range that user sets, when the soil moisture range lower limit set less than user, control system 2 starts water pump 33, water in tank 31 is through the absorption of water pump 33, water pipe 32 is flowed into from feed water inlet 34, water pipe 32 flows through short planting groove 15, in long planting groove 16, soil is penetrated into from permeable hole, owing to the upright position of water return outlet 35 water outlet is less than water pipe 32, unnecessary water can be in water return outlet 35 flows back to tank 31, after reaching the soil moisture range higher limit that user sets, switch off the pump 33, stop supplying water.

The process realizing hydropenia early warning is as follows: the current level information gathered by level sensor 6, and the water level information gathered is sent to control system 2, computing is carried out by the software algorithm in control system 2, judge whether reaching the hydropenia alarming value of user preset, when the hydropenia alarming value set less than user, control system 2 sends hydropenia early warning, notifies the timely moisturizing of user.

The process realizing controlled in wireless is as follows: user selects to open controlled in wireless by display 21, smart machine 5 is installed the APP program that can control this implant system, carry out wireless connections by WIFI, by the operation in APP program, implant system is carried out controlled in wireless.

The process realizing Non-follow control is as follows: user selects to open Non-follow control by display 21, judge according to practical situation, the parameter about humidity is inputted by button 22, after determining, control instruction is sent by control system 2, thus automatic water supply system 3 is controlled, complete the parameter that user is manually entered.

In the foregoing, parameter control system 2 can changed includes but not limited to: soil moisture range, default hydropenia alarming value, the startup of controlled in wireless or the switching of closedown, automatic mode and manual mode that the output of automatic water supply system 3 and water supply time, different cultivars are corresponding.

Understand in conjunction with above, when user goes away, when cannot take care of plant in time, can be in advance toward tank 31 topped up with water, line parameter of going forward side by side is preset, and closes controlled in wireless, monitored in real time by control system 2, controlled startup and the closedown of automatic water supply system 3 by control system 2, carry out humid control, thus ensure the growth humidity requirement of plant;Water returns to the cyclic design of tank 31 after whole automatic water supply system 3, it is to avoid unnecessary water is drained the waste caused, and reaches the beneficial effect of energy-conservation irrigation;By arranging the different parameters that different vegetable is corresponding in control system 2, user also may select manual mode or automatic mode or wireless remote control pattern so that user can control flexibly according to different practical situations.

The above, only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not the present invention is made any pro forma restriction;The those of ordinary skill of all industry all can shown in by specification accompanying drawing and the above and implement the present invention swimmingly;But, all those skilled in the art, in the range of without departing from technical solution of the present invention, utilize disclosed above technology contents and a little change made, the equivalent variations modifying and develop, are the Equivalent embodiments of the present invention;Meanwhile, any equivalent variations that above example is made by all substantial technological according to the present invention change, modify and differentiation etc., within all still falling within the protection domain of technical scheme.

Claims (6)

  1. null1. the indoor implant system of an energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless,Including support (1)、Control system (2)、Automatic water supply system (3)、Humidity sensor (4) and level sensor (6),It is characterized in that: described automatic water supply system (3) includes tank (31)、Water pipe (32)、Water pump (33)、Feed water inlet (34) and water return outlet (35),Described water pump (33) is placed in tank (31),It is connected with the water pipe (32) being placed in soil by feed water inlet (34),Described water pipe (32) is provided with permeable hole on tube wall,Described water return outlet (35) is arranged on the top of tank (31),And the upright position of water outlet is less than water pipe (32),Described control system (2) and automatic water supply system (3)、Humidity sensor (4)、Level sensor (6) connects.
  2. The indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described support (1) includes short planting groove (15), long planting groove (16), universal wheel (17) and collet (18), described short planting groove (15) is connected with long planting groove (16), described water pipe (32) is positioned at short planting groove (15), the bottom of long planting groove (16), and described tank (31) is placed on collet (18).
  3. The indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described control system (2) includes display (21), button (22), central controller (23), sensor processing module (24) and wireless device (26), described wireless device (26) can be attached with the smart machine (5) of user, and described wireless device (26) is WIFI module or Bluetooth module.
  4. The indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described humidity sensor (4) is provided with one or more, contact with the soil in planting groove, described control system (2), by receiving the soil humidity information that humidity sensor (4) gathers, automatically controls startup or the closedown of automatic water supply system (3).
  5. The indoor implant system of a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described level sensor (6) is placed on tank (31), described control system (2) is by receiving tank (31) water level information that level sensor (6) gathers, thus controls whether to send hydropenia early warning.
  6. 6. according to the indoor implant system of one of them described a kind of energy hydropenia early warning controlled in wireless of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: the upper parameter that can change of described control system (2) includes but not limited to: soil moisture range, default hydropenia alarming value, the startup of controlled in wireless or the closedown that the output of automatic water supply system (3) and water supply time, different cultivars are corresponding, described control system (2) preserves the parameter that user sets, thus is controlled automatic water supply system (3), hydropenia prior-warning device.
CN201610255619.6A 2016-04-22 2016-04-22 Indoor planting system capable of realizing early warning of water shortage and wireless control CN105850559A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107360880A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-11-21 安徽盛美金属科技有限公司 A kind of portable plantation cultivating stand

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KR20130070031A (en) * 2011-12-19 2013-06-27 (주) 파루 Water culture device structure for improving the energy efficiency
CN203538045U (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-04-16 陕西旭田光电农业科技有限公司 Column-shaped plant water culture frame
CN104904584A (en) * 2015-05-16 2015-09-16 周晚来 Plant cultivation device
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2116343U (en) * 1992-03-13 1992-09-23 单学林 Stereoscopic non-soil cultivation room for vegetable and flower of household
JPH1132601A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-02-09 Nippon Beet Sugar Mfg Co Ltd Irrigation into seedling raising vessel and equipment therefor
CN2860055Y (en) * 2005-12-26 2007-01-24 韩山师范学院 Automatic drip irrigation greening groove
CN2887049Y (en) * 2006-03-15 2007-04-11 华中科技大学 An automatic drop irrigation device for household bonsy
CN201919391U (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-08-10 张红亮 Vegetable cultivating device
CN102217506A (en) * 2011-06-08 2011-10-19 赵艳丽 Plant mural device
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CN202738518U (en) * 2012-05-28 2013-02-20 深圳市地丽生态科技有限公司 Plant cultivation device and system
CN102870663A (en) * 2012-07-02 2013-01-16 北京中农富通园艺有限公司 Conical air-storage liquid-storage culture system
CN203538045U (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-04-16 陕西旭田光电农业科技有限公司 Column-shaped plant water culture frame
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107360880A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-11-21 安徽盛美金属科技有限公司 A kind of portable plantation cultivating stand

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RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20160817

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication