CN105850524A - Turning bud-grafting grafting method of Vitis vinifera - Google Patents

Turning bud-grafting grafting method of Vitis vinifera Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105850524A
CN105850524A CN201610285228.9A CN201610285228A CN105850524A CN 105850524 A CN105850524 A CN 105850524A CN 201610285228 A CN201610285228 A CN 201610285228A CN 105850524 A CN105850524 A CN 105850524A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
scion
bud
grafting
stock
branch
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610285228.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡英明
秦泽荣
赵福振
王福友
郭靖
马欢
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Puren Ecology Tech, Co., Ltd., Beijing
Original Assignee
Anhui Yidi Ecological Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Yidi Ecological Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Yidi Ecological Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610285228.9A priority Critical patent/CN105850524A/en
Publication of CN105850524A publication Critical patent/CN105850524A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/30Grafting

Abstract

The invention discloses a turning bud-grafting grafting method of Vitis vinifera. The method comprises steps as follows: a bud is cut from a good-variety Vitis vinifera branch by the aid of a blade to be used as a scion; a strong branch is selected and reserved as a stock in the germination period of the Vitis vinifera; the scion is washed with clear water and dried, and the scion bud is reserved without damage; a full bud is selected from the Vitis vinifera branch selected as the stock, the branch is cut off in the position 0.5-1 cm away from the upper end of the bud, the full bud on the Vitis vinifera branch of the stock is cut down by the blade, a grafting port corresponding to the scion in size is cut by the blade, the scion is closely attached to the grafting port with an inarching method, the bud tip of the scion is rotated anticlockwise by 90-270 degrees relative to the bud tip of the scion on a stock plant, and after a scion port is well sealed, the grafting port is wrapped with an ultra-strong microfilm; the buds on the stock are removed, so that sufficient nutrients are provided for growth of the scion bud. A Vitis vinifera seedling grafted with the method grows better, the time from planting to fruiting is short, and grown fruits are large and full.

Description

A kind of grape turns to bud grafting engrafting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to fruit tree seedling culture field, specifically a kind of grape turns to bud grafting engrafting method.
Background technology
Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) belongs to Vitaceae (Vitaceae in botany classification Lindley or Ampelideae Kunih) the liana berry of Vitis (Vitis L.).In Vitaceae There are 12 genus, about 600 kinds.Grape is one of the most ancient angiosperm, originate from Europe, Sub-continent and the area in flakes in North America.Main Cultivation type then originates from West Asia, the Central Asia one band, Along with human culture and economic interaction gradually expand to Europe or even all over the world.It is distributed mainly on The temperate zone in the world, subtropical zone, torrid areas.Graminaceous plant majority is climbing vine, and minority is Shrub, dungarunga and herbaceous plant.Main wild is in forest, hillside or river valley and other places.Grape In section, only Vitis has higher economic worth, and is cultivated widely and more deep Research, grape is the berry that a kind of nutritive value is higher, is commodity pig important on international market Fruit and liquor-making raw material.
Along with the raising of people's living standard, to red wine and grape as the demand of fruit Amount is gradually increased, and wine-growing, flourish, this adds increased the nursery demand to grape; The nursery of grape at present mostly is cuttage.Grape grafting is made up of with stock scion, The harvesting high-quality high-yield plant that proterties is stable is picked up from scion, it is possible to keep maternal good characteristic.Stock Resistance can strengthen the cold-resistant, non-irrigated, flooded, saline and alkaline of Grafted Variety and pest and disease damage ability, expand Suitable kind of area of big kind.Meanwhile, aging grape variety can be improved by grape grafting. Patent CN201510194811.4 discloses a kind of grape green branch anvil and connects the engrafting method of hard branch, bag Include scion selection, scion storage, stock cultivation, scion, grafting and scion cultivated.The present invention Method adapts to the natural conditions in the north, grape grafting time early, germinate early, growth is fast, survive Rate is high, current increment is big, degree of lignification is high, it is easy to the advantage such as survive the winter.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of grape and turn to bud grafting engrafting method, with generally used now The maximum of grafting method disclosed in grafting method and patent CN201510194811.4 is not both and connects The bud point directional steering of fringe sprout arranges grafting.
A kind of grape of the present invention turns to bud grafting engrafting method, said method comprising the steps of:
(1) scion selects: selecting the improved seeds branches and tendrils of annual maturation, sprout is full, nothing The branch of pest and disease damage, a diameter of 0.6~1cm, cut on improved seeds grape branch with blade Go out sprout as scion;
(2) Root-stock selection: at vine germination period, sturdy branch of selecting and remain is as stock;
(3) scion processes: scion clear water is cleaned airing, and it is the most impaired to retain scion sprout Wound;
(4) grafting: select full sprout on the grape branch be chosen as stock, described Disconnected branch is cut in sprout upper end 0.5~1cm, excises on the grape branch of described stock with blade Full sprout, cuts out the grafting mouth corresponding with scion size with blade, scion is pasted with inarching method Tight described grafting mouth, scion bud point direction relative to scion bud on maternal plant point direction be by Counterclockwise rotate 90~270 °, after good seal scion mouth, then with superpower mems thin film binding grafting mouth;
(5) scion cultivated: extract the rudiment on stock, allows enough nutrient supply scion sprouts Growth.
Preferably, in described step (4), drip 1~5ml to the faying face of scion and stock The aqueous solution of butyric acid potassium 6ppm.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The present invention turns to bud grafting engrafting method, is observed by the plantation of inventor, and maximum has Benefit effect is that the vine growth speed after grafting survival significantly improves, and the grape fruit born is also Substantially want individual big and full, it may be possible to because the bud point directional steering of scion sprout arranges grafting After, take full advantage of scion apical dominance on maternal plant so that grape grafting is when growth The gemma of low side has more sufficient nutrition deposit, so growing way is more preferable when growth, bears Fruit is the biggest and full.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described:
A kind of grape turns to bud grafting engrafting method:
Selecting the improved seeds branches and tendrils of annual maturation, sprout is full, without the branch of pest and disease damage, A diameter of 0.6~1cm, cut out sprout as scion with blade at improved seeds grape branch;
At vine germination period, sturdy branch of selecting and remain is as stock;
Scion clear water is cleaned airing, and it is injury-free to retain scion sprout;
The grape branch be chosen as stock selects full sprout, in described sprout upper end 0.5~1cm cuts disconnected branch, excises the full sprout on the grape branch of described stock with blade, Cut out the grafting mouth corresponding with scion size with blade, with inarching method, scion is adjacent to described grafting Mouthful, the direction of scion bud point is by rotating counterclockwise relative to the direction of the point of scion bud on maternal plant 90~270 °, for preferably promoting the healing of grafting mouth, drip to the faying face of scion and stock The aqueous solution of butyric acid potassium 6ppm of 1~5ml;After good seal scion mouth, then with superpower micro- Film bundling grafting mouth;
Scion cultivated: extract the rudiment on stock, allow enough nutrient supply scion sprouts grow.

Claims (2)

1. a grape turns to bud grafting engrafting method, it is characterised in that described method includes following Step:
(1) scion selects: selecting the improved seeds branches and tendrils of annual maturation, sprout is full, nothing The branch of pest and disease damage, a diameter of 0.6~1cm, cut out at improved seeds grape branch with blade Sprout is as scion;
(2) Root-stock selection: at vine germination period, sturdy branch of selecting and remain is as stock;
(3) scion processes: scion clear water is cleaned airing, and it is the most impaired to retain scion sprout Wound;
(4) grafting: select full sprout on the grape branch be chosen as stock, described Disconnected branch is cut in sprout upper end 0.5~1cm, excises on the grape branch of described stock with blade Full sprout, cuts out the grafting mouth corresponding with scion size with blade, scion is pasted with inarching method Tight described grafting mouth, scion bud point direction relative to scion bud on maternal plant point direction be by Counterclockwise rotate 90~270 °, after good seal scion mouth, then with superpower mems thin film binding grafting mouth;
(5) scion cultivated: extract the rudiment on stock, allows enough nutrient supply scion sprouts Growth.
Grape the most according to claim 1 turns to bud grafting engrafting method, it is characterised in that In described step (4), drip the butyric acid potassium of 1~5ml to the faying face of scion and stock The aqueous solution of 6ppm.
CN201610285228.9A 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 Turning bud-grafting grafting method of Vitis vinifera Pending CN105850524A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610285228.9A CN105850524A (en) 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 Turning bud-grafting grafting method of Vitis vinifera

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610285228.9A CN105850524A (en) 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 Turning bud-grafting grafting method of Vitis vinifera

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105850524A true CN105850524A (en) 2016-08-17

Family

ID=56629846

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610285228.9A Pending CN105850524A (en) 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 Turning bud-grafting grafting method of Vitis vinifera

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105850524A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106342560A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-01-25 莒县葡萄研究所 Mechanical hard grape branch grafting method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU627781A1 (en) * 1977-05-18 1978-10-15 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Виноделия И Виноградарства "Магарач" Method of grafting plants
KR20010088558A (en) * 2001-08-06 2001-09-28 이호태 Modifications for sex of ginkgo trees and improvements for growth patterns of ginkgo trees compared to prior grafting a branch
CN102823439A (en) * 2012-09-20 2012-12-19 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Method for temperature control and humidity control graftage of carya illinoensis
CN104737831A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-01 宁夏成功红葡萄酒产业有限公司 Grape green branch stock hard branch grafting method
CN105123278A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-12-09 安徽省滁州市国盛现代农业开发有限公司 Inverted-bud grafting method for vines

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU627781A1 (en) * 1977-05-18 1978-10-15 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Виноделия И Виноградарства "Магарач" Method of grafting plants
KR20010088558A (en) * 2001-08-06 2001-09-28 이호태 Modifications for sex of ginkgo trees and improvements for growth patterns of ginkgo trees compared to prior grafting a branch
CN102823439A (en) * 2012-09-20 2012-12-19 江苏省中国科学院植物研究所 Method for temperature control and humidity control graftage of carya illinoensis
CN104737831A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-01 宁夏成功红葡萄酒产业有限公司 Grape green branch stock hard branch grafting method
CN105123278A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-12-09 安徽省滁州市国盛现代农业开发有限公司 Inverted-bud grafting method for vines

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106342560A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-01-25 莒县葡萄研究所 Mechanical hard grape branch grafting method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104322289A (en) Inferior litchi tree top grafting method
CN104322290A (en) Litchi tree grafting method
CN103650929A (en) Longan tree grafting method
CN104855146A (en) Grape grafting and cultivating method
CN107509576B (en) Method for high-position grafting cultivation of sakura pendula by taking sakura huazhou as rootstock
CN109601281B (en) Seedling cultivation method for enhancing resistance of passion fruit plants to stem base rot
CN104920155A (en) Cultivating method for pecans
CN103039274A (en) Walnut seedling grafting method
CN102106237A (en) Walnut grafting and seedling method
CN105660203A (en) Navel orange grafting method
CN105191675A (en) Multi-line crossing multi-fruit variety scenery tree and grafting method thereof
CN104871837A (en) Twig grafting method for engrafting in crown of camellia oleifera tree
CN104365388A (en) Grafting method for black tea tree
CN102668832A (en) Pot culture method for persimmons
CN102893811A (en) Walnut grafting method
CN107969238A (en) The breeding method of color silk flosssilk wadding wood
CN108575477B (en) Efficient propagation method of ilex verticillata
CN103385118A (en) Grafting breeding method for plukenetia volubilis
CN107371829B (en) Method for improving grafting survival rate of custard apple in open field
CN106034760A (en) Method for top grafting of high-quality mango tree on low-quality mango seedling tree
CN102668892B (en) Cultivating method of Shaniodendron subaequalum stock grafted seedlings
CN104737825A (en) High-stem wintersweet cultivation method
CN105850524A (en) Turning bud-grafting grafting method of Vitis vinifera
CN104429634A (en) Fruit tree three-bud grafting method
CN105453972A (en) Cultivation method for moon-red persimmon tree

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
TA01 Transfer of patent application right
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Qin Zerong

Inventor after: Luo Guangjian

Inventor before: Cai Yingming

Inventor before: Qin Zerong

Inventor before: Zhao Fuzhen

Inventor before: Wang Fuyou

Inventor before: Guo Jing

Inventor before: Ma Huan

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20170930

Address after: 102200, room 23, 205 torch street, Changping District science and Technology Park, Beijing

Applicant after: Puren Ecology Tech, Co., Ltd., Beijing

Address before: 230088, B2 building, 800 Innovation Industrial Park, Wangjiang West Road, Hefei hi tech Zone, Anhui

Applicant before: ANHUI YIDI ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20160817