CN105850286A - Asparagus planting method - Google Patents

Asparagus planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105850286A
CN105850286A CN201610257125.1A CN201610257125A CN105850286A CN 105850286 A CN105850286 A CN 105850286A CN 201610257125 A CN201610257125 A CN 201610257125A CN 105850286 A CN105850286 A CN 105850286A
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China
Prior art keywords
asparagus
seed
implantation methods
seedbed
emergence
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CN201610257125.1A
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Inventor
罗茂清
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MIANYANG QINHE AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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MIANYANG QINHE AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610257125.1A priority Critical patent/CN105850286A/en
Publication of CN105850286A publication Critical patent/CN105850286A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/08Immunising seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention provides an asparagus planting method, and relates to the technical field of agricultural cultivation. The asparagus planting method comprises the following steps of putting seeds into water being 5 to 20 DEG C for seed soaking and germination; then, performing seeding and seedling emerging; maintaining the environment humidity to be 65 to 75 percent in the seeding and seedling emerging period; then, performing transplanting; managing plants. The asparagus planting method provided by the invention has the advantage that asparagus with better disease resistance can be planted.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of asparagus
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of agricultural cultivation, in particular to the kind of a kind of asparagus Plant method.
Background technology
Asparagus formal name used at school " asparagus ", also known as " asparagus ".Through ridging soften the tender stem gathered White asparagus, what tender stem of not earthing up was gathered after seeing light is green asparagus.Asparagus spear quality exquisiteness, Local flavor is fragrant, top closely, the few matter of fiber is crisp.White asparagus color and luster is pure white, and light is straight without spot. Green asparagus dark green is dense, and stripe shape is well-balanced, and thickness is moderate, and the salubrious matter of taste is crisp.Asparagus contains Several amino acids, protein and trace element, its content is above general fruits and vegetables, Can improve a poor appetite, help digest, particularly the asparagine in asparagus and trace elements of selenium, Molybdenum, chromium, manganese etc., have a regulation organism metabolism, improves effect of body immunity, to sum up, Asparagus has the highest healthy nutritive value.According to medical circle, asparagus is to hypertension, cancer Disease, cardio-cerebral diseases, ephritis, leukaemia etc. all have significant therapeutic effect, by American-European countries It is described as the king of vegetables.Selling well in international market, domestic market has been started up.Plantation asparagus Market prospects are good, high efficiency.
In prior art, be mostly southern area plantation asparagus, and when planting be everywhere with Kind, the more difficult control of growing state of asparagus, the disease resistance of asparagus is the most poor.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the implantation methods of a kind of asparagus, the plantation side of this asparagus Method can plant out the preferable asparagus of disease resistance.
The present invention solves it and technical problem is that and realize by the following technical solutions:
The implantation methods of a kind of asparagus, comprises the following steps: seed is put into the water of 5~20 DEG C Middle seed soaking is sprouted, then insemination and emergence, and holding ambient humidity is during insemination and emergence 65~75%, then transplant, manage plant.
Preferably, in present pre-ferred embodiments, above-mentioned seed soaking includes: utilize 5~20 DEG C Water logging kind 2~5 days, change water 2~3 times every day;
Before seed soaking, also include: utilize bactericide dilution to soak described seed 20~28h, Bactericide dilution be mass percent concentration be 45~55% bactericide dilution 300~500 Liquid after Bei.
Preferably, in present pre-ferred embodiments, above-mentioned bactericide selected from carbendazim, hundred Bacterium is clear, one or more in thiophanate methyl, zineb, Bordeaux mixture, the most bacterium Spirit.
Preferably, in present pre-ferred embodiments, also include vernalization in seed soaking period of sprouting: Utilize gauze to wrap up seed, be placed at 5~20 DEG C, utilize every day the water of 5~20 DEG C to water Drench seed 1~2 times, until seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally.
Preferably, in present pre-ferred embodiments, also include preparing nutritive cube: utilize and dredge Loose sand earth makees seedbed, is covered with mixotrophism soil on seedbed;
The preparation method of mixotrophism soil is: add phosphate fertilizer in every cubic metre of Nutrition Soil 0.75~1.25kg and plant ash 4~6kg, mix;
Nutritive cube is used for insemination and emergence.
Preferably, in present pre-ferred embodiments, during insemination and emergence, also include desinsection Overlay film: every mu of ground sprays insecticide 0.8~1.2kg, then at the furrow face tiling mulch film in seedbed, Bow canopy is utilized to set up epiphragma above furrow face.
Seedbed management preferably, in present pre-ferred embodiments, during insemination and emergence For: before emerging, the temperature on seedbed daytime is 20~30 DEG C, and the temperature in evening is 12~30 DEG C, When the amount of coming up reaches the 70% of seedling total amount, remove mulch film, ventilation hardening, and protect The surface moisture holding seedbed is 55~65%.
Preferably, in present pre-ferred embodiments, if seed is transplanted, then in 3 before needing wheat Month early and middle ten days carries out insemination and emergence;If seed needs to transplant after wheat, then in April early and middle ten days carry out Insemination and emergence.
Preferably, in present pre-ferred embodiments, above-mentioned seed soaking includes: utilize bundle Wrap up in seed, soak 2~5 days in the water of 5~20 DEG C, then take out seed and by its surface water Divide and drain, standby.
Preferably, in present pre-ferred embodiments, after insemination and emergence, in transplanting Before, also include: thinning after germination, the seedling retained after thinning is pinched.
Relative to prior art, the present invention includes following beneficial effect: the present invention passes through science Implantation methods plantation asparagus, first with warm water to seed-soaking, promote that it germinates, then make It is grown under certain damp condition, both provided sufficient moisture for its growth, and again limit The water content of environment, it is to avoid cause asparagus that disease condition occurs because ambient humidity is too big, carry The high disease resistance of asparagus.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the purpose of the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below will Technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.In embodiment not Indicating actual conditions person, the condition advised according to normal condition or manufacturer is carried out.Examination used Agent or instrument unreceipted production firm person, being can be by the commercially available conventional product bought and obtain Product.
Below the implantation methods of the asparagus of the embodiment of the present invention is specifically described.
The implantation methods of asparagus comprises the following steps: is put into by seed in the water of 5~20 DEG C and soaks seed Sprout, then insemination and emergence, and holding ambient humidity be 65~75% during insemination and emergence, Transplant again, manage plant.
The implantation methods of above-mentioned asparagus can be the method for field planting, it is also possible to for potted plant reed The method of bamboo shoot.
Asparagus seeds shell is thick and has lipid, absorbs water slower.If the implantation methods of above-mentioned asparagus For the method for field planting, then its seed soaking includes: utilize the water logging kind 2 of 5~20 DEG C~5 days, Change water 2~3 times every day.Wherein, the interval time every time changing water the most excessively limits, permissible Equipartition time, it is also possible to determine according to ambient humidity.
Before seed soaking, also include: utilize bactericide dilution to soak seed 20~28h, make medicine Liquid active ingredient is 1:8~12 with the mass ratio of seed, and bactericide dilution is mass percent Concentration be 45~55% bactericide dilute the liquid after 300~500 times.
Above-mentioned bactericide is selected from carbendazim, Bravo, thiophanate methyl, zineb, bohr One or more in many liquid, as long as medicament plant can being sterilized, excellent Select carbendazim.
When the method that implantation methods is field planting of asparagus, then sprout period also in seed soaking Including vernalization: utilize gauze to wrap up seed so that it is to obtain moisturizing after seed soaking, then by it It is placed at 5~20 DEG C, utilizes every day the water of 5~20 DEG C to water pouring seed 1~2 times, until seed Show money or valuables one carries unintentionally.Wherein, the interval time every time changing water the most excessively limits, can with equipartition time, Can also determine according to ambient humidity.Vernalization ensure that seed, after suctioning moisture, promotees The nutrient in seed is made to decompose rapidly operating, supply rataria growth.Seed can be broadcast after showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally Kind.
It addition, also include preparing nutritive cube: the loose husky earth utilizing fertility level high makees seedbed, Seedbed can wide 1.3~1.5m, deep 10~15cm, alms bowl processed goes in every cubic metre of Nutrition Soil and adds Enter phosphate fertilizer 0.75~1.25kg and plant ash 4~6kg, after mixing, play alms bowl;This nutritive cube is used In insemination and emergence.The bowl diameter of nutritive cube can be 8~20cm, preferably 8cm, and alms bowl height can Think 8~22cm, preferably 10cm, if a diameter of 8cm of the bowl of nutritive cube, a height of 10cm of alms bowl, Then every mu of land for growing field crops needs standby alms bowl 2200~2700.
At seeding time, if seed is transplanted before needing wheat, then can be in early and middle ten days sowing in March;If planting Son is transplanted after needing wheat, then can be in early and middle ten days sowing in April.During sowing, nutritive cube waters permeable, protects The ambient humidity of card seed is 65~75%, 1 seed of every alms bowl, after planting covers 2cm thick Fine earth.
Desinsection overlay film is also included: every mu of ground sprays insecticide during insemination and emergence 0.8~1.2kg, prevent and treat subterranean pest-insect, then at the furrow face tiling mulch film in seedbed, on furrow face Epiphragma set up by Fang Liyong bow canopy.First spread mulch film in furrow face, then utilize bow canopy to insert furrow face Both sides, bow canopy overlying on epiphragma.Two-membrane process can to kind of a subenvironment moisture-heat preservation, Be conducive to seed growth.Furrow face is in field, is divided into the use of stick by passageway or irrigation canals and ditches Plane in long-term cropping.
Also including seedbed management during insemination and emergence, seedbed management should be with regulation temperature, wet Degree, nurturing staff, prevent and treat disease pest centered by.Seedbed management is: before emerging, seedbed daytime Temperature be 20~30 DEG C, the temperature in evening is 12~30 DEG C, when the amount of coming up reach children Seedling total amount 70% time, remove mulch film, ventilation hardening, and keep the surface moisture in seedbed to be 55~65%.When seedling high 18~22cm, can continue takes to ventilate does not takes off the way of epiphragma, Seedling is made to adapt to external environment.During seedbed management, should mend for thin and weak seedling and execute seedling Fertilizer, such as three element compound fertilizer, dose is 7.5~10kg/ mus, and rich water combines.It addition, also The weeds in seedbed should be removed in time, find that aphid etc. endangers the medicines such as timely spraying insecticide and enters Row preventing and treating.
After asparagus seedling grows up to, should transplant, but because the implantation methods of asparagus is field kind The method planted, so referred to as field planting, during field planting, fertile, gas permeability of should choosing that the soil is porous Sandy loam good, that soil layer is deep, the content of organic matter is abundant, this kind of soil environment is conducive to reed Bamboo shoot root system development and the good quality and high output of tender stem.And the silt soil of the excessive and viscous weight of acid-base value is the most uncomfortable Preferably asparagus growth.
Asparagus is perennial crop, and once field planting, soil i.e. cannot be ploughed the most comprehensively.Therefore, Deep ploughing is combined wholely, mu organic fertilizer 3~4 tons, composite fertilizer 48~52kg before field planting.Plough After rake, do well field fill row engineering, north and south streakline excavation field planting ditch.Line-spacing 1.2~1.5m, Furrow width 40~50cm, deep 30~40cm.Transplant mu sealing fertilizer 48~52kg, cake in anterior canal Fertilizer 38~42kg, fertilizer 2~3 tons.Mix in uniformly applying ditch and with backfill soil. During transplanting, field planting ditch overhead 10cm is advisable.Every 25~30cm field planting one strain, mu is planted 1500~2000 caves.Accomplish limit lifting limit classification, plant, water, the operation such as earthing once Complete.Big strong sprout, every cave planted a strain, and the every cave of small and weak seedling plants two strains, and strong weak seedling separates field planting. To orient during field planting and plant, i.e. subterranean stem raw bulbil one end will along ditch in the same direction, Arrange in a line, it is simple to bamboo shoot are adopted in ridging later.Seedling survives after going out on new stem, be by stages Progressively fill and lead up field planting ditch.Then, field management is carried out.
Should take charge of severely after asparagus field planting strengthen strain with foster root, the violent rush autumn sends out the field management work into core Make, can be only achieved fast growing purpose in early days.If plant is short and small after field planting, then should in time in Weeding.Early then should water if weather is dry, flood season then should drain flooded fields in time, is strictly on guard against field in good time Between ponding macerate the dead seedling of root.Execute seed manure 10~15kg urea according to growth of cereal crop seedlings mu, promote seedling balance Growth.After entering August, asparagus enters the vigorous growth stage in autumn.The heavy dressing autumn is answered to send out Fertilizer, asparagus of making greater efforts to promote, in 8,9,10 trimestral growths, is established for next year early high-yield Fixed basis.The fertile general mu organic fertilizer 2 of Shi Qiufa~3 tons, composite fertilizer 48~52kg, urea 8~12kg.In row replacement of ditching at plant 40cm.Attention control pest and disease damage simultaneously.Enter the winter After, asparagus aerial part starts to wither, and in its plant, nutrition is shifted to subterranean root, favorably Strong Gen Chunfa high yield.In February at the beginning of last month of spring in winter, should thoroughly clear up plant on the ground, reduce disease Evil bacterium source.
Field planting Second Year and later adopt bamboo shoot year, answers emphasis to carry out science and plans strategies for three fertile, stay stem, The integrated control pest and disease damages such as in good time pinching, science adopts these three work of bamboo shoot:
(1) science is planned strategies for three fertile:
The i.e. vernalization of three fertilizer bamboo shoot fertilizer fertile, strong and Qiu Fafei.Basic practice is: March combines ridge Between plough, earth up that it is fertile to have executed vernalization, mu executes farmyard manure 2~3 tons, asparagus special fertilizer 50kg. Be conducive to bulbil and the tender stem demand to inorganic nutrients.June early and middle ten days execute strengthen bamboo shoot fertilizer (connect Power is fertile), mu executes urea 10~15kg, and this time fertilizer plays relay effect, can extend and adopt the bamboo shoot phase, Improve middle and later periods harvest amount of bamboo shoot.August, early and middle ten days was adopted after bamboo shoot terminate, and in conjunction with fine earth level ridges, weigh Shi Qiufa is fertile, and mu executes farmyard manure 2~3 tons, asparagus special fertilizer 100kg, urea 10kg, promotees Make the asparagus robust autumn send out, accumulate nutrition for Second Year good quality and high output, cultivate many and strong bulbil. This three is fertile supporting, and the fertilizer application mode of reasonable arrange-ment is the basis of asparagus high yield and high quality.
Asparagus is long for growth period, more drought-enduring and intolerant to waterlogging stain.But soil should be kept during adopting bamboo shoot Moistening, so, it can be only achieved, and tender Stem nematode is fast, quality better, yield are high.If this phase goes out Existing arid, then should fill horse race water in good time, if flood season is then it should be noted that get rid of flood stain, and anti-height The diseases such as rotten of temperature occur.
(2) integrated control pest and disease damage:
Stem wilt, brown spot are the Major Diseases of harm asparagus, and rapid onset, harm are seriously. There is no specific drug preventing and treating at present.It was verified that take based on agronomic measures, it is aided with and adds The Comprehensive Preventing disease pest strategy of strong chemical control, can obtain the effect got twice the result with half the effort, specific practice It is: 1. in good time pinching lodging-prevention.Asparagus Plants, up to more than 1.5m, is allowed to growth, can be tight Ghost image rings its ventilation and penetrating light, and easily lodges, and field humidity is big, disease weight.When plant reaches 70cm Time should pinching in good time, be conducive to concentrating nutrition, promote underground rhizome growth.Have ready conditions and can draw iron Silk, it is ensured that plant non-lodging.2. rural area is cleared up.Cleaning rural area reduces dip-dye source, is preventing and treating One of effective ways of stem wilt.Make an overall screening field cane February, clean invalid branches and leaves. August, early and middle ten days was adopted after bamboo shoot terminate, and in conjunction with returning soil level ridges, will thoroughly clear up stub and the most female Stem, bulbil dish medicine to be sprayed sterilizing.Autumn sends out the stage, will periodically extract the invalid branches and leaves in field, The probability that disease occurs can be reduced greatly.3. stay female stem to adopt bamboo shoot, extend and adopt the bamboo shoot phase.Field planting The new asparagus field of rear Second Year, green asparagus of only preferably gathering.What general April, early and middle ten days grew Children's stem, stays field as female stem and does not adopts, to support stock.The tender stem gone out the most again is permissible Start to gather.Depending on picking time, length sent out quality according to the autumn upper one year, typically can gather 30~50 My god.Entering the asparagus field of phase of abounding with, the tender stem that May is born before early and middle ten days can all be gathered. May early and middle ten days depending on going out the every cave of bamboo shoot situation and staying 2~3 maternal plants after, can gather to early and middle ten days in August. White asparagus field of gathering typically in May early and middle ten days start to stay female stem, every strain layer stays 1~2, Can gather continuously to early and middle ten days in August.This stay female stem to adopt bamboo shoot to not only increase bamboo shoot agriculture income, And avoid the onset peak that July, hot and humid weather caused, times for spraying can be reduced, Reduce cost.4. the rational application of fertilizer.Applying organic manure and phosphorus potash fertilizer, suitably control nitrogen fertilizer amount. The soil organism, chesson can be increased, promote asparagus cauline leaf robust growth, improve disease-resistant Ability.5. seize a favorable opportunity, reasonable chemical control.Stayed stem was unearthed in 5~7 days, strain Up to during 20cm, use the medicament stem brush such as Bordeaux mixture, carbendazim.Adopt after bamboo shoot terminate, In conjunction with cleaning stub, the germ in root dish and topsoil to be eliminated along ridge spray medicine protection root dish. Adopting the bamboo shoot phase is stayed female stem and autumn to send out the stage, on the basis of clearing up invalid branches and leaves in time, according to sky Gas, the state of an illness spray medicine preventing and treating, and alternatively administered in good time, improve spray medicine quality.Can be selected for many bacterium Spirit, thiophanate methyl, Mancozeb, Tuzet etc..Insect pest mainly has prodenia litura, sweet Dish noctuid, bollworm, cutworm etc. endanger.Nocturnal moth class can use d ichlorbenzuron, agricultural pleasure etc. 1000 The preventing and treating of times liquid, the 1000 times of liquid preventing and treatings of the available flolimats such as aphid, subterranean pest-insect can use furans Red preventing and treating, soil treatment and the preventing and treating of metrifonate bait.
(3) science adopts bamboo shoot:
Green asparagus is gathered when every morning 8~10.Require to stretch out ground according to commercial quality The young stem in face 20~24cm, cuts off at 2cm under soil, concentrates classification to sell.White if gathering Bamboo shoot, then typically combined cultivated whole fertilising before March 25 and carry out support ridger ridging work.Require soil Earth is in small, broken bits, makes bottom width 60cm, high 25~30cm, the high ridge of top width 40cm.And reach In rib, pine is outer tight, smooth surface.Before every morning 8 picking time and after at 4 in afternoon two Secondary inspection ridge is pushed up, if finding soil table be full of cracks, then should push table soil aside, with bamboo shoot cutter on subterranean stem Portion gathers, and can not damage subterranean stem when gathering.After adopting, ridge soil is restored and clap, after white bamboo shoot are adopted Shelter from heat or light and take care of, and time stage is sold.
If the method that the implantation methods of above-mentioned asparagus is potted plant asparagus, then seed soaking includes: utilize Gauze parcel seed, soaks 2~5 days in the water of 5~20 DEG C, then takes out described seed also Its surface moisture is drained, standby.
Due to the method that this method is potted plant asparagus, so every basin application rate is less, at seeding time, Utensil can be utilized to dig hole, a cave deep for 1cm in the central authorities of cultivation basket, put into equably 3~5 seeds, then press lightly on utensil, make seed be in close contact with soil, in order to From soil, moisture is absorbed in seed.Water the most immediately, and irrigate soil in basket, protect The ambient humidity of card seed is 65~75%.Can this be not only related to seed and normally sprout, Also to strengthening seed vitality later, particularly significant for reducing bad seedling.
After insemination and emergence, before transplanting, also include: after germination, every basin Only need to retain 2~3 strain seedling, remaining all does thinning and processes, and enters 2~3 seedling retained Row is pinched.When pinching, downward from seedling blade tip, cut off complete stool (from seedling base portion to top) 1/3.During transplanting, continue to cultivate in may migrate to flowerpot.
When managing plant, because asparagus is relatively strong to the adaptability of environment, so at Nutrition Soil not When being dried especially, i.e. humidity is when 40%~65%, can not water.But, at summer high temperature Time (temperature reaches 30 DEG C), must sooner or later respectively water once, it is ensured that the ambient humidity of plant is 65~75%.Asparagus is perennial root draft, and fertilising should be after cauline leaf be withered and cut off Winter, (i.e. after its complete dormancy) was carried out.Its fertilizer takes the remaining residue of oil expression and change Fertilizer, mixes according to mass ratio 1:1, obtains mixed fertilizer, according to amount of soil in flowerpot and Mixed fertilizer applying amount 200kg/ mu, calculates the dose of potted plant asparagus, by broadcast application Around plant, and stir with bamboo chip, be allowed to mix with soil.
Below in conjunction with embodiment, inventive feature and performance are described in further detail:
Embodiment one
The implantation methods of the asparagus that the present embodiment provides, comprises the following steps:
A. seed is put in the water of 15 DEG C and soak 3 days, then take out and drain;
B. the planting seed after draining, then waters, it is ensured that the ambient humidity of seed is 75%;
C., after germination emerges, continue to cultivate by sprigging, and manage plant.
Product evaluation:
The asparagus dark green planted out is dense, and stripe shape is well-balanced, and thickness is moderate, suitably views and admires use.
Embodiment two
The implantation methods of the asparagus that the present embodiment provides, comprises the following steps:
A. seed is put in the water of 5 DEG C and soak 2 days, change water every day 2 times;
B. nutritive cube is prepared: utilize loose sandy loam to make seedbed, every cube of Nutrition Soil before alms bowl processed Middle addition phosphate fertilizer 0.75kg and plant ash 4kg, plays alms bowl after mixing;Step a is obtained Seed put in nutritive cube sow, then water, it is ensured that the ambient humidity of seed is 65%, Tile on the furrow face in seedbed mulch film, inserts bow canopy in both sides, furrow face, at bow canopy overlying upper cover Film;
C., before emerging, the temperature controlling seedbed daytime is 20 DEG C, and the temperature in evening is 12 DEG C, When 70% that the amount of coming up is seedling total amount, remove mulch film, retain epiphragma, it is achieved be logical Wind hardening;
D. seedling is carried out field planting, continues to cultivate, and manage plant, referring especially to institute above The management method stated.
Product evaluation: the asparagus dark green planted out is dense, and stripe shape is well-balanced, and thickness is moderate, tender Stem quality is fine and smooth, local flavor is fragrant, top closely, the few matter of fiber is crisp.
Embodiment three
The implantation methods of the asparagus that the present embodiment provides, comprises the following steps:
A. utilize carbendazim dilution to soak seed 24h, then seed is put into the water of 12 DEG C Middle immersion 3 days, changes water every day 3 times, every minor tick 8h, and wherein, carbendazim dilution is Mass percent concentration is the liquid after the bactericide dilution 400 times of 50%;
B. the seed utilizing gauze parcel step a to obtain, is placed in vernalization at 15 DEG C, vernalization phase Between every day water pouring seed 2 times with the water of 12 DEG C, until seed shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
C. nutritive cube is prepared: utilize loose sandy loam to make seedbed, every cube of Nutrition Soil before alms bowl processed Middle addition phosphate fertilizer 1kg and plant ash 5kg, plays alms bowl after mixing;
D. water toward seedbed, it is ensured that the ambient humidity in seedbed is 70%, then sows, and Cover the thick fine earth of 2cm on seed, then spread fertilizer over the fields insecticide, then the furrow in seedbed toward seedbed Tile on face mulch film, inserts bow canopy in both sides, furrow face, epiphragma in bow canopy overlying;
E., before emerging, the temperature controlling seedbed daytime is 25 DEG C, and the temperature in evening is 20 DEG C, When 70% that the amount of coming up is seedling total amount, remove mulch film, retain epiphragma, it is achieved be logical Wind hardening;
D. seedling is carried out field planting, continues to cultivate, and manage plant, referring especially to institute above The management method stated.
Product evaluation: the asparagus dark green planted out is dense, and stripe shape is well-balanced, and thickness is moderate, tender Stem quality is fine and smooth, local flavor is fragrant, top closely, the few matter of fiber is crisp.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, For a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.All Within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. made, Should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the implantation methods of an asparagus, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps: will plant Son is put into soak seed in the water of 5~20 DEG C and is sprouted, then insemination and emergence, and sows out described Keeping ambient humidity between seedling stage is 65~75%, then transplants, and manages plant.
The implantation methods of asparagus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute State seed soaking to include: utilize the water logging kind 2 of 5~20 DEG C~5 days, change water 2~3 times every day;
Before described seed soaking, also include: utilize bactericide dilution to soak described seed 20~28h, described bactericide dilution be mass percent concentration be the bactericide of 45~55% Liquid after diluting 300~500 times.
The implantation methods of asparagus the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that institute State bactericide in carbendazim, Bravo, thiophanate methyl, zineb, Bordeaux mixture One or more, preferably carbendazim.
The implantation methods of asparagus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Described seed soaking also includes vernalization during sprouting: utilize gauze to wrap up described seed, be placed on At 5~20 DEG C, the water of 5~20 DEG C is utilized every day to water pouring described seed 1~2 times, until described kind Son shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally.
The implantation methods of asparagus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also Including preparing nutritive cube: utilize loose husky earth to make seedbed, described seedbed is covered with mixing battalion Support soil;
The preparation method of described mixotrophism soil is: add phosphate fertilizer in every cubic metre of Nutrition Soil 0.75~1.25kg and plant ash 4~6kg, mix;
Described nutritive cube is used for described insemination and emergence.
The implantation methods of asparagus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Desinsection overlay film is also included: every mu of ground sprays insecticide 0.8~1.2kg during described insemination and emergence, Then at the furrow face tiling mulch film in described seedbed, bow canopy is utilized to set up lid above described furrow face Film.
The implantation methods of asparagus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Seedbed management during described insemination and emergence is: before emerging, and the temperature on described seedbed daytime is 20~30 DEG C, the temperature in evening is 12~30 DEG C, when the amount of coming up reaches seedling total amount When 70%, remove described mulch film, ventilation hardening, and keep the surface moisture in described seedbed to be 55~65%.
The implantation methods of asparagus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that if Described seed needs to transplant before wheat, then in March early and middle ten days carry out described insemination and emergence;If it is described Seed needs to transplant after wheat, then in April early and middle ten days carry out described insemination and emergence.
The implantation methods of asparagus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute State seed soaking to include: utilize gauze to wrap up described seed, soak 2~5 days in the water of 5~20 DEG C, Then take out described seed and its surface moisture is drained, standby.
The implantation methods of asparagus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that After described insemination and emergence, before described transplanting, also include: after described germination Thinning, pinches to the seedling retained after thinning.
CN201610257125.1A 2016-04-22 2016-04-22 Asparagus planting method Pending CN105850286A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613299A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-05-10 贵州盛禾特色农产品有限公司 Method for cultivating asparagus in greenhouse
CN107295896A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-27 安徽起林芦笋种植有限公司 A kind of organic implantation methods of asparagus
CN107667840A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-02-09 广西沙田仙人滩农业投资有限公司 A kind of asparagus is without native high yield cultivating method
CN108293355A (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-07-20 骆秀菊 A kind of cultivation of asparagus method
CN108432580A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-24 浙江大学 A kind of salt reduction volume increase of greenhouse asparagus field carries the Early cropping potato relay interplanting planting method of effect
CN109105179A (en) * 2018-08-06 2019-01-01 安徽省鲜可达农业股份有限公司 A kind of daylight canopy planting asparagus method

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CN101366337A (en) * 2007-08-13 2009-02-18 上海泽辉蔬菜有限公司 Cultivation and grow method of high-quality asparagus
CN102550275A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-11 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Method for interplanting vegetables with asparagus
CN102577824A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Method for cultivating asparaguses in North China

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CN101366337A (en) * 2007-08-13 2009-02-18 上海泽辉蔬菜有限公司 Cultivation and grow method of high-quality asparagus
CN102550275A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-11 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Method for interplanting vegetables with asparagus
CN102577824A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 Method for cultivating asparaguses in North China

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613299A (en) * 2016-10-17 2017-05-10 贵州盛禾特色农产品有限公司 Method for cultivating asparagus in greenhouse
CN107295896A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-27 安徽起林芦笋种植有限公司 A kind of organic implantation methods of asparagus
CN108293355A (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-07-20 骆秀菊 A kind of cultivation of asparagus method
CN107667840A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-02-09 广西沙田仙人滩农业投资有限公司 A kind of asparagus is without native high yield cultivating method
CN108432580A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-24 浙江大学 A kind of salt reduction volume increase of greenhouse asparagus field carries the Early cropping potato relay interplanting planting method of effect
CN109105179A (en) * 2018-08-06 2019-01-01 安徽省鲜可达农业股份有限公司 A kind of daylight canopy planting asparagus method

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