CN105848088A - Network assistance for device-to-device discovery - Google Patents

Network assistance for device-to-device discovery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105848088A
CN105848088A CN201610146042.5A CN201610146042A CN105848088A CN 105848088 A CN105848088 A CN 105848088A CN 201610146042 A CN201610146042 A CN 201610146042A CN 105848088 A CN105848088 A CN 105848088A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ue
proximity
request
device
network
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610146042.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
K·约翰松
M·文卡塔查拉姆
A·S·斯托扬诺夫斯基
Original Assignee
英特尔公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201261679627P priority Critical
Priority to US13/718,745 priority patent/US9036603B2/en
Application filed by 英特尔公司 filed Critical 英特尔公司
Priority to CN201380035394.8A priority patent/CN104412698B/en
Publication of CN105848088A publication Critical patent/CN105848088A/en

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Abstract

Embodiments of system and method configurations for device discovery and connection establishment in connection with use of device-to-device (D2D) and proximity-based services are generally described herein. In some examples, an evolved packet core (EPC) of a 3GPP Long Term Evolution or 3GPP Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE/LTE-A) network is arranged to assist D2D identification and discovery procedures at user equipment (UEs) connected to the LTE/LTE-A network. Various identification and discovery procedures may be implemented in connection with proximity detection and the establishment of communication times for the establishment of the D2D communication link, between the UEs. Accordingly, the EPC of the LTE/LTE-A network may assist the establishment of a device-to-device communication link between UEs on a wireless network employing a distinct wireless protocol (for example, a direct wireless network connection via a wireless local area network (WLAN) or wireless personal area network (WPAN)).

Description

用于设备至设备发现的网络辅助 Auxiliary equipment to a network device found

[0001 ] 本申请是申请日为2014年12月31日并且申请号为201380035394.8的中国专利申请的分案申请,这里以引用的方式将其全部并入本文。 [0001] This application is filed on December 31, 2014 and the application number is a divisional application of the Chinese patent application 201380035394.8, here by reference in its entirety herein.

[0002]优先权申请 [0002] Priority Application

[0003] 本申请要求享有2012年12月18日提交的美国专利申请序列号13/718,745以及2012年8月3日提交的美国临时专利申请序列号61/679,627的优先权的权益,它们特此通过引用以其整体并入本文。 [0003] This application claims priority to US patent December 18, 2012, filed 13 / 718,745 and US Provisional Patent equity August 3, 2012, filed Application Serial No. 61 / 679,627 of the serial number, they hereby incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

技术领域 FIELD

[0004]实施例属于由无线网络中的通信设备执行的操作和通信。 [0004] Example belong operation and communication performed by the communication device in a wireless network. 一些实施例涉及由无线网络促成的设备之间的设备至设备(D2D)通信和认证技术。 Some embodiments relate to apparatus between the apparatus facilitated by a wireless network device (D2D) communication and authentication technologies.

背景技术 Background technique

[0005] D2D无线通信技术可以用于执行多种设置中的网络和移动设备之间的对等/点对点(P2P)通信。 [0005] D2D techniques may be used to perform wireless communications between the network and the peer mobile devices in a variety of settings / peer (P2P) communication. 移动设备之间的D2D通信可以被设计为补充对来自无线基站的集中式通信的使用,所述来自无线基站的集中式通信可以是例如,来自利用来自3GPP长期演进/长期演进高级(LTE/LTE-A)标准族的标准来操作的载波网络中的演进NodeBGNodeB)的集中式站至移动通信、或来自利用来自IEEE 802.11标准族的标准来操作的W1-Fi网络中的接入点(AP)的集中式站至移动通信。 D2D communication between the mobile device may be designed to complement the use of the centralized communication from a radio base station, the centralized communication from the radio base station may be, for example, from the use of (LTE / LTE from 3GPP Long Term Evolution / Long Term Evolution Advanced -A) family of standards evolution carrier network operated in standard NodeBGNodeB) centralized to the mobile communication station, from or to operate using standard IEEE 802.11 family of standards from the W1-Fi network, an access point (AP) centralized communication to the mobile station.

[0006] D2D直接通信被限制到位于所使用的无线协议或网络配置的通信范围内的设备。 [0006] D2D direct communication is limited to devices located within a communication range wireless protocol used or the network configuration. 然而,特定用户可能不知道有D2D通信能力的设备或与有D2D通信能力的设备相关联的已知用户是否位于通信范围内,或者这种设备或用户当前或预期接近特定用户。 However, the user may not know the particular device (D2D) communication capabilities, or with a known user device (D2D) communication capabilities associated is located within the communication range, or such a device or user access to certain users current or anticipated. 用于定位并找出有D2D能力的设备的现有发现技术一般涉及对广播和响应方案的使用,广播和响应方案利用精细处理、响应和数据交换以发现设备。 And find out apparatus for positioning a D2D capability discovery prior art relates generally to the use of the broadcast programs and the response, and in response to the broadcast program using fine processing, and data exchange in response to Discovery.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0007]图1示出了根据进一步描述的示例的用于通过运营商管理的网络来促成D2D通信的网络配置。 [0007] FIG. 1 shows a carrier to facilitate network managed by a network configuration according to an exemplary D2D communication described further.

[0008]图2示出了根据进一步描述的示例的用于在移动设备之间建立D2D通信而通过运营商管理的网络所传送的数据操作。 [0008] FIG. 2 shows an example further described D2D communication is established between the mobile devices managed by the operator through the operation of the data transmitted by the network.

[0009]图3示出了根据进一步描述的示例的用于通过网络运营商来建立D2D连接的数据序列。 [0009] FIG. 3 shows a data sequence established by the network operator according to an example of the D2D connection further described.

[0010]图4示出了根据进一步描述的示例的用于通过网络运营商在具有现有数据流的设备之间建立D2D连接的数据序列。 [0010] FIG. 4 shows an example of the data are further described in the sequence having the D2D connection establishment between the devices of the prior data stream via the network operator.

[0011]图5示出了根据进一步描述的示例的用于促成所连接的UE之间的D2D连接而在演进分组核心处执行的示例操作流程的流程图。 [0011] FIG. 5 shows a flowchart of the implementation of an evolved packet core in the exemplary operational flow according to an example described further contributes to the UE is connected between the D2D connection.

[0012]图6示出了根据进一步描述的示例的用于使用演进分组核心来发起至另一 UE的D2D连接而在UE处执行的示例操作流程的流程图。 [0012] FIG. 6 shows a flowchart of exemplary operational flow to be initiated in another UE D2D connection is performed at the UE according to an example of using the evolved packet core further described.

[0013]图7示出了在其上可以采用本文中描述的配置和技术的示例移动设备。 [0013] FIG. 7 shows herein may be employed in which the configurations described in the art and an example mobile device.

[0014]图8示出了可以用作用于本文中描述的计算或联网设备的计算平台的示例计算机系统。 [0014] Figure 8 illustrates a computing platform that may be used as computing or networking devices described herein an example computer system.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015]以下描述和图充分示出了特定实施例以使本领域技术人员能够实践它们。 [0015] The following description and the drawings sufficiently illustrate specific embodiments to enable those skilled in the art to practice them. 其他实施例可以结合结构、逻辑、电、过程和其他改变。 Other embodiments may incorporate structural, logical, electrical, process, and other changes. 一些实施例的部分和特征可以被包括在其他实施例的那些部分和特征中,或者替代其他实施例的那些部分和特征。 Portions and features of embodiments may be included in those portions of other embodiments and features, or alternatively those portions and features of the other embodiments. 权利要求中阐述的实施例涵盖那些权利要求的所有可获得的等同物。 Example embodiments set forth in the claims encompass all available equivalents of those claims.

[0016]本文中描述的各种技术和配置提供用于建立多个移动设备之间的D2D通信链路的网络感知和发现技术。 [0016] Various techniques and configurations described herein are provided for establishing a network-aware D2D communication link between a plurality of mobile devices and discovery technology. 这些发现技术可以用于促成发现网络内的各种有D2D能力的设备的位置以及设备之间的认证。 These findings lead to the discovery of various techniques may be used within the network between a position of an authentication apparatus and an apparatus D2D capability. 在对接近的D2D设备的发现和认证时,可以建立接近的D2D设备之间的D2D通信链路以促成无线D2D通信链路上的数据交换。 When the discovery and authentication proximity D2D device, D2D communication link may be established between the proximity D2D devices to facilitate wireless data exchange D2D communication link. 可以与各种基于位置或基于接近度的服务相结合,以及与服务管理和资源卸载相结合,来部署D2D通信链路。 With a variety of location-based services based on proximity or in combination, and in combination with the service management resources and unloading, to deploy the D2D communication link. D2D通信链路可以发生在不同无线网络(例如,W1-Fi网络)上,或者可以是基于LTE的设备至设备通信的变型。 D2D communication link can occur in different wireless networks (e.g., W1-Fi network), or may be a LTE-based variations of the communication device to device.

[0017]在一些示例中,与载波网络(例如,蜂窝无线接入网(RAN))通信的用户设备(UE)可以请求来自该载波网络的演进分组核心(EPC)的UE发现辅助。 [0017] In some examples, the carrier network (e.g., a cellular radio access network (the RAN)) user equipment (UE) may request for communication from the carrier Evolved Packet Core network (EPC) of a UE assisted discovery. 从该辅助获得的信息可以包括用于辅助D2D连接发现过程的信息,连同接近该发现UE的其他UE的发现细节一起。 Information obtained from the auxiliary information may include an auxiliary process D2D connection found, along with other details found close to the found UE UE. EPC还可以传达认证、安全和标识信息,并建立用于协调D2D发现和连接操作的时段。 EPC can also convey authentication, security and identification information, and the establishment of a period for coordination D2D discovery and connection operations.

[0018]在用于建立D2D连接的现有技术中,设备手动地(并且经常持续地)经由无线介质扫描或广播连接可用性以定位附近的有D2D能力的设备。 [0018] In the prior art for the D2D connection establishment, the device manually (and often continuously) with a D2D connection availability to the ability of the device is positioned close to the scanning or broadcast via a wireless medium. 这种技术经常涉及不断的扫描和相关联的功率使用。 This technique often involves continuous sweep and power associated with the use. 进一步地,即使在发现附近的有D2D能力的设备时,标识和认证问题可能阻止对D2D连接的建立。 Further, even when found D2D capable devices in the vicinity, identification and authentication issues may prevent the establishment of the D2D connection. 本文中描述的技术通过从载波网络传达至连接UE的数据而使能公共发现和标识机制以促成D2D连接建立过程。 By techniques described herein to convey the data from the carrier network can be connected to the public of the UE identification and discovery mechanism to facilitate D2D connection establishment procedure.

[0019] 在LTE/LTE-A网络环境中,EPC知道哪些UE与公众陆地移动网(PLMN)和特定eNodeB相关联,或者哪些UE正在以空闲模式运行。 [0019] In LTE / LTE-A network environment, the UE knows which the EPC Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) associated with the eNodeB and the specific or UE which is operating in an idle mode. 类似地,EPC还知道针对UE的跟踪区域,以及UE是否与涉及多个不同eNodeB的跟踪区域通信。 Similarly, the EPC is also known a tracking area for the UE and whether the UE is communicating a plurality of regions of different track involving eNodeB. EPC还可以维持位置服务以维持各种UE的大概位置。 EPC can also maintain the position of the various services in order to maintain the approximate location of the UE. 使用本文中描述的技术,该UE的跟踪和位置信息能够被应用以用于辅助对有D2D能力的设备的发现以及对用于直接通信的D2D连接的建立。 Using the techniques described herein, the location tracking information of the UE and can be applied to equipment for assisting discovery and D2D capable of establishing direct communication for D2D connection. 进一步地,可以横跨由EPC管理的LTE/LTE-A网络的覆盖区域而部署本文中描述的技术,将发现操作和D2D连接的建立延伸到单个无线局域网(WLAN)接入点之外。 Further, the techniques may span LTE / EPC coverage area of ​​the LTE-A network management and deployment of the described herein, and will find the D2D connection establishment operation extends beyond a single wireless local area network (WLAN) access point.

[0020]图1提供了根据一个示例的用于通过载波管理网络来促成直接D2D通信的示例网络配置100的不出。 [0020] FIG. 1 is provided to facilitate direct D2D communication not through the carrier management network configuration example of a network 100 according to one example. 在网络配置100内,一系列多模式移动设备(移动设备102A和移动设备102B)被布置用于与载波管理网络以及与D2D网络通信。 In the network configuration 100, a series of multi-mode mobile devices (mobile device 102A and mobile device 102B) arranged for communicating with the network and with the D2D carrier management network. 载波管理网络可以根据3GPP LTE/LTE-A或其他适当的无线广域网(WffAN)协议来运行,并且可以包括用于从与EPC 106操作的eNodeB 104提供无线网络通信的配置,以用于数据到IP网络108的通信。 Carrier management network can operate according to 3GPP LTE / LTE-A, or other suitable wireless wide area network (WffAN) protocol and may include wireless network configured for providing communication from the EPC eNodeB 104 106 operation, for the data to the IP communication network 108. 载波网络可以被配置用于分别使用LTE/LTE-A通信链路112A、112B来促成到移动设备102A和移动设备102B的网络通信。 Carrier network may be configured to separately use the LTE / LTE-A communication links 112A, 112B to facilitate mobile communications network to the mobile device 102A and 102B.

[0021] 移动设备102A和移动设备102B之间的通信被示出为经由IP网络108通过基础设施通信链路114被促成。 [0021] communication between the mobile device 102A and mobile device 102B is shown via an IP network infrastructure is facilitated by a communication link 114,108. 在移动设备102A和移动设备102B向公共载波网络订阅并进行与公共eNodeB 104的通信时,建立基础设施通信链路114。 Subscription 102B and the communication with the public eNodeB 104 to establish a communication link infrastructure to the common carrier network 114 the mobile device 102A and mobile devices. 然而,还可以随着单独的eNodeB或载波网络的使用而建立基础设施通信链路114。 However, it is also possible to establish a communication link 114 with the infrastructure used alone eNodeB or carrier network.

[0022] 通过D2D通信链路110来促成移动设备102々和移动设备1028之间的020通信。 [0022] The communication between the mobile device 020 and mobile device 1028 102々 be facilitated by the D2D communication link 110. 020通信链路110可以使用任意数量的WWAN、WLAN或无线个域网(WPAN)协议,例如WLAN W1-Fi直接网络协议(根据来自IEEE802.11标准族的标准来运行)或WPAN蓝牙协议(根据如由蓝牙特别兴趣小组限定的蓝牙标准来运行)。 020 communication link 110 can use any number of WWAN, WLAN, or a wireless personal area network (WPAN) protocol, e.g. WLAN W1-Fi Direct network protocol (run from the standard IEEE802.11 family of standards) or WPAN Bluetooth protocol (according to as defined by the Bluetooth special interest group Bluetooth standard to run). 所示的D2D通信链路110可以被配置为用于设备之间的直接点对点连接,但是也可以通过间接对等或多节点连接来促成。 D2D communication link 110 may be configured as shown for direct peer connection between the devices, but may also be facilitated by the peer or indirectly connected to the node.

[0023]可以在载波网络的系统内(例如,在EPC 106内)执行载波网络处的用于建立D2D通信链路的操作。 [0023] The system may be in the carrier network (e.g., in EPC 106) for performing carrier network operating at a D2D communication link is established. EPC 106的操作可以包括从移动设备102A的视角来辅助对移动设备102B的发现,并从移动设备102B的视角来辅助对移动设备102A的发现。 EPC 106 may include operations from the perspective of a mobile device 102A to assist in the discovery of the mobile device 102B, and from the perspective of the mobile device 102B to aid the discovery of the mobile device 102A. 例如,如果移动设备102A怀疑或另外被通知移动设备102B接近(例如,在通信范围中),或另外希望尝试至移动设备102B的连接,则移动设备102A能够请求来自EPC 106的D2D发现辅助。 For example, if the mobile device 102A suspected or otherwise notifies the mobile device 102B close (e.g., in the communication range), or otherwise want to try to connect to the mobile device 102B, the mobile device 102A can request from the EPC 106 D2D assisted discovery. 作为一个示例,EPC106可以执行操作以向移动设备102B确认该设备是否将允许对D2D连接的建立,并且交换信息以辅助D2D发现和连接操作。 As one example, EPC106 operations may be performed to determine whether the device will allow the establishment of the D2D connection, and exchange information to assist D2D discover and connect to the mobile device 102B. 作为另一示例,运营商还可以将这些种许可存储在数据库中,并核对它们以在用户实际询问许可之前而查看用户是否已许可由另一用户进行访问。 As another example, the operator can also use these kinds of licenses stored in the database, and check them in and see if the user has permission to ask permission before the user actually accessed by another user. (当用户向该网络登记时,用户可以例如向该网络通知这些D2D许可)。 (When the user registration to the network, to the network user can notify the license e.g. D2D). 因此,用于确认是否允许对D2D连接的建立的操作可以包括用于验证D2D连接的建立或者某些D2D连接类型的策略或用户交互的组合。 Thus, for confirming whether to permit operation of the D2D connection establishment may include a verification of the D2D connection establishment D2D connection type, or some combination of policy or user interaction.

[0024]图2提供了根据示例的用于建立移动设备102A和移动设备102B之间的D2D通信链路110而通过载波管理网络传送的示例数据操作200的示出。 [0024] FIG. 2 provides an example of data according to an exemplary D2D communication link is established between mobile device 110 and mobile devices 102A and 102B transmitted through the carrier management network illustrating operation 200. 移动设备通过与eNodeB 104的各种通信来与载波管理网络接合。 Mobile device to engage with the carrier management network through various communication with the eNodeB 104. 如在下面进一步描述的以及参照图3-6的操作流程和流程图,经由eNodeB 104在载波管理网络内传送的数据操作200可以包括与D2D连接的建立有关的各种数据更新、请求和响应的交换和协调。 As well as the operation flow with reference to the flowchart of FIG. 3-6 and further described below, may include establishing 200 a D2D connection with various data related updates, via request and response data in the eNodeB 104 is transmitted carrier management network operation exchange and coordination.

[0025]如图2所示,可以从移动设备(移动设备102A和移动设备102B)中的每个提供一系列位置更新消息202A、202B。 [0025] As shown in FIG 2, a series of locations may be provided from the mobile device (mobile device 102A and mobile device 102B) in each update message 202A, 202B. 位置更新消息202A、202B可以与由载波管理网络管理的现有位置服务或位置管理数据结合(或被结合到传达至EPC 106的位置数据中)。 Location update messages 202A, 202B may be combined with the carrier management network management by the existing location service or location management data (or incorporated into the position data transmitted to the EPC 106). 可以由载波网络使用来自位置更新消息202A、202B的位置信息以例如确定移动设备是否彼此接近以及是否在建立D2D通信链路110的范围内。 Update message 202A can be used by the carrier network from a location, for example, position information 202B to determine whether the mobile device is in proximity to one another and to establish the range of D2D communication link 110. 还可以与EPC 106的位置服务(例如,位置服务器)或跟踪UE的大概或精确位置的基于载波的网络的另一部分相结合来协调来自位置更新消息202A、202B的位置信息。 EPC may further location service 106 (e.g., a location server) or tracking approximate or precise location of the UE to another part of the network based on the combination of the carrier to coordinate the location update message 202A, 202B from the position information.

[0026] 来自位置更新消息202A、202B的位置信息可以用于检测并证实用于建立D2D通信链路110的通信范围内的该对移动设备的接近度。 [0026] from the location update message 202A, 202B of the location information may be used to detect and confirm for establishing the proximity of the mobile device within a communication range of the D2D communication link 110. 例如,当移动设备102A怀疑移动设备102B接近(或者另决定发起至移动设备102B的D2D连接)时,移动设备102A针对移动设备102B请求来自运营商网络(例如,EPC 106)的设备发现辅助。 For example, when the mobile device 102A suspected mobile device 102B close (or decides to initiate another device to move the D2D connection 102B), the mobile device 102A for the mobile device 102B requests from the carrier network (e.g., EPC 106) assisted discovery. 可以通过经由eNodeB 104从移动设备102A传送至运营商网络的一个或多个UE位置请求204,来从移动设备102A传送对于设备发现辅助的请求。 Request can be transmitted from the mobile device 204 through 102A to a carrier network or via the plurality of UE location eNodeB 104, 102A to the mobile device for transmitting from the device discovery request assistance.

[0027] 响应于诸如UE位置请求204的UE位置请求,载波管理网络可以验证移动设备102B是否为可发现的(例如,允许其他方发现它)或者另外对建立与移动设备102A的D2D连接感兴趣。 [0027] In response to the request of the UE, such as UE position location request 204, carrier management network may verify whether the mobile device is 102B (e.g., to permit others to find it) or otherwise to establish a connection with the mobile device 102A D2D of interest can be found in . 可以通过确认网络级数据库中的D2D许可来执行该验证(能够在UE登记期间或经由较早的查询来建立许可),或者该验证可以包括将D2D连接请求208传送至移动设备102B,以及从移动设备102B接收D2D连接请求210。 Network level can be confirmed by a D2D license database to perform the verification (the license can be established during an earlier query or via a registration UE), or the verification may include transmitting 208 a D2D connection request to the mobile device 102B, and from the mobile D2D connection apparatus 102B receives the request 210. 可以在移动设备102B处或者代表移动设备102B执行诸如用户界面提示或策略验证的操作以获得建立D2D连接的授权。 May establish authorization to obtain a D2D connection at the mobile device 102B or 102B perform on behalf of the mobile device, such as a user interface prompt or an operation policy validation.

[0028] 一旦载波管理网络验证了针对移动设备102A与移动设备102B直接连接的许可,则基于载波的网络可以向UE之一或两者提供信息以辅助D2D连接的建立。 [0028] Once the carrier management network authentication permission for a mobile device 102A and mobile device 102B direct connection, may be provided to assist D2D connection establishment message to the UE, one or both of the carrier-based network. 例如,这可以包括从经由eNodeB 104接收到的在UE位置响应206中传达的被传达至移动设备102A的设备发现信息。 For example, this may include receiving from the eNodeB 104 via the response is communicated to the mobile device 206 in the device 102A of discovery information communicated in the UE location. 该设备发现信息还可以包括建立该连接的参数,例如在期间该发现为有效的时间段。 The apparatus may also include discovery information to establish the connection parameters, such as found during the effective period of time.

[0029]在该发现为有效的时间段期间,发起D2D通信链路110的UE (发现UE,例如,移动设备102A)可以执行发现操作以定位并建立至被发现的UE的连接,由从EPC 106获得的设备发现信息来辅助。 [0029] In the discovery during the active period, the D2D communication link initiating UE 110 (UE found, for example, mobile device 102A) may perform discovery operations to locate and establish a connection to the UE is identified by the EPC device 106 to assist obtain discovery information. 例如,可以利用使用标准网络扫描过程的D2D通信协议(例如,利用蓝牙“设备发现”或W1-Fi “P2P寻找”模式)来识别由EPC 106所识别的为位于彼此接近的UE。 For example, using a scanning process using standard network protocols D2D communication (e.g., Bluetooth "Device Discovery" or W1-Fi "P2P seeking" mode) be recognized as located close to one another UE identified by the EPC 106. 在进一步的示例中,UE位置请求204和UE位置响应206可以用于获得关于通信参数的信息、认证信息、安全信息、或由发现设备用于定位并建立至被发现的UE的连接所使用的其他信息。 In a further example, UE 204 and UE location request location response 206 may be used to obtain information about the communication parameters, authentication information, security information, or by the discovery apparatus for positioning and establish a connection to the UE is found to be used other information.

[0030]图3提供了与由网络运营商所管理的EPC 306的数据操作200协调的用于在一对用户设备(UE A 302和UE B 304)之间建立D2D连接的数据序列300的示例示出。 [0030] FIG. 3 provides a coordinate data sequence 200 for establishing a D2D connection between a user equipment (UE A 302 and UE B 304) and the data managed by the network operator of the operation of an EPC 306 300 show. 数据序列300被示出为当在该对之间不存在通过EPC306建立的已有的数据流或连接时提供UE A 302和UE B 304之间的D2D连接的建立。 Data sequence 300 is shown set up between 302 and UE B 304 D2D connection is provided when there is no UE A EPC306 established by existing data stream or is connected between the pair.

[0031] 首先,UE A 302和UE B 304可以与EPC 306执行间歇性的位置更新(操作310A、310B)。 [0031] First, UE A 302 and UE B 304 may perform location update with intermittent EPC 306 (operation 310A, 310B). 位置更新使EPC 306能够被通知UE A 302和UE B 304中每个的当前位置。 Location update can be notified that the EPC 306 A 302 and UE B 304 UE in the current position of each. 在一些示例中,在位置更新中传达的信息包括与网络覆盖区域相关联的地点、与UE的更广阔地理区域相关联的地点、或指定确定的地理地点。 In some examples, the information conveyed in the location update including the location area associated with the network coverage, the location associated with a wider geographic area associated with the UE, or the designated geographic location is determined. 在其他示例中,位置更新包括与网络的与UE通信的部分有关的信息。 In other examples, the location update information related to the communication network portion comprises a UE. 可以使用其他技术来确定UE是否接近。 You can use other techniques to determine whether the UE close. 例如,如果UE A 302被附接至与UE B 304所附接至的PLMN不位于一处的PLMN^lJEPC 306能够推断对于D2D通信而言这些UE不接近。 For example, if the UE A 302 is attached to the 304 is attached to the UE B PLMN is not located in a PLMN ^ lJEPC 306 for D2D communication can be inferred for these UE does not close.

[0032] 接下来,EPC 306接收UE A 302想要与消息中列出的UE进行通信的通知。 [0032] Next, EPC 306 receiving UE wants to communicate with the UE a notification message listed in A 302. 该通知可以经由在UE发现请求消息(操作312)内传送的来自UE A302的直接请求而发生,或者可以经由核心网络中的高级通知而发生。 The notification may be found in the request message via the UE (operation 312) from a direct request transmitted by the UE A302 to occur, or may occur via the core network advanced notification. 该通知可以指示一次性事件,或者如果UE当前不接近,则它可以指示不断尝试直到经过某段时间为止。 The notification may indicate a one-time event, or if the UE currently does not close, it can indicate keep trying until a certain period of time elapses. UE发现请求消息可以提供指示以验证一个或多个特定UE、UE组或任意有D2D能力的UE的位置。 UE discovery request message may provide an indication to verify that one or more particular UE, UE group or a UE at any position where the D2D capability. 例如,如图3所示,针对多个UE (UE B、UE C、UE D)发出发现请求。 For example, as shown in FIG. 3, for a plurality of UE (UE B, UE C, UE D) Discovery requests. UE发现请求消息可以指示是否该UE仅想要知道特定UE(或类型的UE)是否接近,或者是否该UE想要在直接发现过程中接收来自载波网络的辅助(例如,以获得用于建立直接D2D通信链路的标识和公共发现时段信息)。 UE discovery request message may indicate whether the UE wants to know only the specific UE (or UE type) is close to, or whether the UE wants to receive assistance directly from the carrier network discovery process (e.g., to obtain a direct D2D communication link and the common identifier discovery period information).

[0033] EPC 306核对UE A 302是否与该通知中的UE中的任意UE接近(操作314)。 [0033] EPC 306 to check whether the UE A 302 notification to the arbitrary UE is close to a UE (operation 314). 可以由EPC 306使用从UE位置更新获得的信息(操作31OA、31B)。 You can use the information (operation 31OA, 31B) from the UE location update obtained by the EPC 306. 在其他示例中,例如,网络运营商可以将接近度基于UE是否与同一eNodeB相关联或者是否与特定eNodeB或网络子系统进行通信。 In other examples, for example, a network operator may be based on the proximity of the eNodeB whether the UE is associated with a particular communication or whether the eNodeB or the same network subsystem.

[0034] 在一个场景中,EPC 306可以核对现有UE信息数据库以验证UE A 302是否能够与其请求的UE连接。 [0034] In one scenario, EPC 306 may check the database to verify information prior UE UE whether the UE A 302 can be connected to their request. 在另一场景中,可以在EPC 306和在该通知中被指示用于连接的任意潜在设备(例如,UE B 304)之间进行连接请求和响应交换。 In another scenario, the EPC 306 may be any potential devices and the notification is indicated for the connection (e.g., UE B 304) a connection request and response exchange between. 这可以包括D2D连接请求(操作316)到UE B 304的传送,请求对尝试D2D连接的建立的确认。 This may include a D2D connection request (operation 316) 304 transmitted to UE B, to request confirmation of the D2D connection establishment attempt. 可以在返回至EPC 306的D2D连接响应(操作318)的传送中指示对尝试D2D连接的建立的确认或拒绝。 It may indicate D2D connection establishment attempt to confirm or reject the D2D connection response is returned to the EPC 306 (operation 318) the transmission.

[0035] 确认了UE A 302和UE B 304接近,并且确认了至UE B 304的连接请求,则EPC 306将UE发现响应(操作320)传送至发现设备(UE A 302)oEPC 306还可以将UE发现响应发送至UE B 304,从而两个UE均被通知在特定时间参与发现操作、查找哪个设备标识符、以及类似的发现信息。 [0035] confirmed that the UE A 302 and UE B 304 close, and confirmed that the connection request to the UE B 304, the EPC 306 the UE finds that the response (operation 320) to the found apparatus (UE A 302) oEPC 306 may also be UE transmits a discovery response to UE B 304, UE so that both are found at a particular time participation notification operation, find out which device identifier, and the like of discovery information. 因此,UE发现响应可以包括相互标识信息以使UE设备能够在D2D发现过程期间寻找彼此。 Accordingly, each UE discovery response may include identifying information so that the UE device can discover each other during the process of looking for the D2D. UE发现响应还可以包括与相互或公共发现时段有关的信息,以加快发现处理或另外协调发现定时(timing)。 UE discovery response may also include information related to each other or to a common discovery period to accelerate the discovery process, or in addition to coordinate the timing of discovery (timing). 在一些示例中,在进行将发现信息发送至UE A 302之前,EPC306可以首先等待UE B 304确认D2D连接请求(操作318);在其他示例中,可以代表UE B 304进行基于策略的确定是否确认D2D连接请求。 In some examples, performed before the discovery information to the UE A 302, EPC306 UE B 304 may first wait for the acknowledgment D2D connection request (operation 318); in other examples, may represent a UE B 304 based on the determined policy to confirm whether the D2D connection request.

[0036] 使用从EPC 306获得的信息,UE A 302和UE B 304执行操作以建立D2D通信链路(操作322),包括D2D发现和连接建立。 [0036] Using information obtained from the EPC 306, UE A 302 and UE B 304 performs an operation to establish the D2D communication link (operation 322), comprising a D2D discovery and connection establishment. 可以与发现时段324结合来提供用于建立D2D通信链路的操作的定时。 Period 324 may be found to provide a timing for establishing a binding operation D2D communication link. 如上面所提出的,EPC能够协调发现定时并能够将对发现时段324的指示提供至UE A 302和UE B 304;在其他示例中,EPC 306可以首先尝试与UE中每个协商以针对发现时段324建立相互协议。 As set forth above, EPC and able to coordinate the timing discovery will discover period 324 provides an indication to the UE A 302 and UE B 304; in other examples, EPC 306 may first try to find in the UE for each negotiation period 324 to establish mutual agreement. 可以由开始时间、开始和完成时间、或其他信令来指示发现和连接建立定时。 You can start and completion time by a start time, or other signaling to indicate the timing of discovery and connection establishment.

[0037]与操作322相结合,UE尝试使用由EPC 306提供的标识信息在所提出的发现时段324期间发现彼此并建立D2D通信链路。 [0037] conjunction with operation 322, UE attempt to use the identification information provided by the discovery and the EPC 306 D2D communication link established with each other during the discovery period 324 raised. 建立该通信链路的失败可以被传达至EPC 306 (并且用于获得附加信息以重新尝试D2D通信链路的建立),或连接至另一UE。 Establishing the communication link failures may be communicated to the EPC 306 (for obtaining additional information and attempt to re-establish the D2D communication link), or to another UE.

[0038]图4提供了在UE A 302和UE B 304之间在存已有数据流的情况下,用于通过由网络运营商所管理的EPC 306而建立UE A 302和UE B 304之间的D2D连接的数据序列400的示例示出。 [0038] FIG 4 is provided between the case where the UE A and the UE B 304 302 already stored in the data stream, for establishing between the UE A and UE B 304 302 by the network operators managed EPC 306 D2D connection exemplary data sequence 400 is shown. 数据序列400被示出为在存在通过与UE A 412A和UE B 412B的通信链路、通过EPC306促成的在设备对之间的数据流或连接的情况下,提供该设备对之间的D2D连接的建立。 Data sequence 400 is shown in connection with the presence of UE A 412A and 412B of the communication link UE B, contributed by EPC306 data stream or in the case where the connection between the devices, provided between the device for D2D establishment.

[0039]图4示出了这样的场景:当这些UE与另一UE通信(例如,已有的数据流)时这些UE移动到D2D通信接近。 [0039] FIG. 4 shows such a scenario: When the UE to communicate with another UE (e.g., the existing data stream) to the UE moves close D2D communication. 在该示例中,UE A 302参与与UE B 304的通信,并且经由EPC 306的基础设施而在IP网络中建立承载路径。 The communication in this example UE A 302 and UE B 304 involvement, and the bearer path is established via an IP network infrastructure 306 EPC.

[0040] EPC 306监测UE的位置以确定它们何时以及是否移动进入接近。 [0040] The position of the UE monitoring EPC 306 to determine when and if they are moved into proximity. 可以结合位置测量(例如,GPS传感器)、基于共同网络附接的接近度(例如,当两个UE经由同一或位于同一处的eNodeB而连接至网络时)、或本文中讨论的其他位置服务和技术中的任意服务和技术,来确定UE A 302和UE B304的位置。 Other services may be combined with a position measurement location (e.g., GPS sensors), based on a common network attached proximity (e.g., when the two are connected to the UE via the same network at the same or at an eNodeB), and discussed herein, or and any service art techniques to determine the position of the UE a 302 and the UE B304. 位置监测操作可以是自发的,由网络策略来实现的,或者按照由UE请求来实现的。 Position monitoring operation may be spontaneous, implemented by the network policy, or requested by the UE according achieved.

[0041 ] 当EPC 306检测到UE A 302和UE B 304接近时,EPC 306向UE提供D2D连接请求。 [0041] When the EPC 306 to the UE A 302 is detected and the UE B 304 close, EPC 306 provides a D2D connection request to the UE. 这些连接请求包括相互标识信息(以在D2D连接发现期间定位并相互连接)以及诸如相互/公共发现时段的附加信息(以加快发现处理)。 The connection request includes the identification information to each other (connected to the discovered location and connected to each other during the D2D) as well as mutual / common extensions discovery period (to speed up the discovery process). 如所示,这可以包括使用被提供至UE B 304的D2D连接请求(操作416),D2D连接请求被跟随有从UE B 304提供的D2D连接响应(操作418);这还可以包括使用被提供至UE A 302的D2D连接请求(操作420),以及伴随的D2D连接响应(操作422)。 As shown, this can be provided to the UE comprises using the D2D connection request B 304 (operation 416), the D2D connection request is followed by a response from the D2D connection B 304 provides the UE (operation 418); this may be used to provide further comprising to UE a D2D connection request 302 (operation 420), and the accompanying D2D connection response (operation 422).

[0042]在被指示给UE A 302以及给UE B 304(例如,在各自的D2D连接请求中)的发现时段(时间段426)期间,UE尝试发现彼此并建立D2D通信链路(操作424) WE处的发现和连接建立操作使用相互标识信息、认证信息、以及由EPC 306提供的其他信息(例如,在各自的D2D连接请求中)。 [0042] During is indicated to the UE A 302 and to UE B 304 (e.g., respective D2D connection request) discovery period (period 426), UE attempts to discover each other and establish a D2D communication link (operation 424) WE found at the connection establishment and operation using the information, authentication information, and other information supplied by the EPC 306 to identify each other (e.g., in the respective D2D connection request).

[0043]图5提供了根据示例的用于发起所识别的UE之间的D2D连接而在EPC处执行的操作流程500的示例示出。 [0043] Figure 5 provides an example of the connection is performed in accordance with the EPC D2D example between the identified UE for initiating operational flow 500 is illustrated. 在EPC处,管理与UE的位置和状态有关的各种信息。 Location and status information in a variety of EPC, the management and the UE-related. 可以从对所接收的D2D位置更新的处理和提取中修改该信息(操作510)。 You can modify the information (operation 510) from a position of the received updates D2D processing and extraction.

[0044] 如果没有由EPC促成的数据连接存在于UE之间,则由EPC处理请求(例如,D2D位置请求)(操作530)以触发用于建立D2D通信链路的操作。 [0044] If not contributed by the EPC data connection exists between the UE, the request by the EPC process (e.g., a location request D2D) (operation 530) operable to trigger the establishment of the D2D communication link. 如果由EPC促成的现有数据链接存在于UE之间,则检测所连接的UE的接近度(操作540)以便触发用于建立D2D通信链路的操作。 If the existing link data facilitated by the EPC exists between the UE, proximity of the UE is connected is detected (operation 540) so as to trigger the operation for establishing the D2D communication link.

[0045]可以由EPC确定D2D设备接近度(操作550)以证实可发现的设备的精确位置。 [0045] D2D proximity device (operation 550) may be determined by the EPC to confirm the precise location of the device can be found. 在确定一对UE接近以用于进行D2D通信时,EPC可以向一个或多个接近的设备发出D2D连接请求(操作560)以获得对D2D连接的建立的允许。 When determining a proximity to the UE for D2D communication, EPC D2D connection request can be issued (operation 560) to obtain a permit for the D2D connection establishment proximity to one or more devices. 在没有连接存在于设备之间的情况下,D2D连接请求可以被提供至所发现的设备(被请求的设备)。 In the case where the device is not present between the connection, D2D connection request may be provided to the device (the device is requested) found. 在连接存在于设备之间的情况下,D2D连接请求可以被提供至这两个设备。 In the case where a connection exists between the apparatus, D2D connection request may be provided to both devices.

[0046]在EPC处从接近的设备接收对D2D连接请求的响应(操作570)。 [0046] In the EPC response from the receiving apparatus closest to the D2D connection request (operation 570). 如果该响应是肯定的,则EPC将把信息提供至接近的设备以促成对该接近的设备之间的D2D通信链路的发现、认证和建立(操作580)。 If the response is positive, the EPC will provide information to the proximity of the device to facilitate discovery, authentication, and establishing the D2D communication link between the proximity device (operation 580). 可以在一个或多个消息中或响应于来自UE的特定查询而传达该信息。 It may be in one or more messages in response to a particular query or from the UE and to convey the information.

[0047]图6提供了根据示例的在UE处执行的用于利用由载波网络的EPC进行的辅助而发起至另一UE的D2D连接的操作流程600的示例示出。 [0047] FIG 6 provides an example of the auxiliary performed at the UE for use by the EPC carrier network to initiate another UE operation flow of an example of a D2D connection 600 is shown. 由发现UE所进行的操作流程600可以包括向EPC执行间歇性的位置更新(操作610)。 Operation flow performed by the UE 600 may include performing discovery intermittent location update (operation 610) to the EPC. 可以响应于UE处的网络操作而提供这些位置更新。 In response to operation of the UE at the network to provide these location update. 在其他示例中,可以基于调度的或预先确定的间隔来向EPC提供位置更新。 In other examples, it may be based on a scheduled or predetermined intervals to provide location updates to the EPC.

[0048]发现UE可以请求要与一个或多个所确定的UE建立的D2D连接链路(操作620)。 [0048] found that the UE may request to UE link D2D connection establishment with one or more of the determined (operation 620). 一个或多个所确定的UE可以包括特定UE(例如,与特定用户、联系人、或标识符和地址相关的设备)的标识、或满足特定连接标准的任意可用UE的标识。 Identifying one or more of the determined UE may include the identification of a particular UE (e.g., with a particular user, contacts, addresses or identifiers and associated equipment), or to meet specific criteria any available connector of the UE. 该发现UE可以从载波网络接收对D2D连接请求的响应消息(操作630),响应于来自各种UE的连接请求响应或者根据载波网络的参数而确定该响应消息。 The UE may receive a discovery response message to the D2D connection request from the carrier network (operation 630), in response to the connection request response from various UE or the response message is determined according to the parameters of the network carrier.

[0049 ]来自载波网络的指示特定UE可用于连接的响应消息可以被跟随有对针对特定UE的连接信息进行处理(操作640)。 [0049] The response message indicates that a particular UE from a carrier network for connecting the connection may be followed by information for a particular UE is processed (operation 640). 该连接信息可用于建立到特定UE的使用直接或P2P网络连接的D2D通信链路。 This information can be used to establish the connection using a specific UE D2D communication link directly or P2P network connection. 可以在响应消息中传达包括了对发现或连接建立时段的指示的其他相关信息。 May be conveyed in the response message includes a discovery or connection establishment other relevant information indicating the period.

[0050] UE可以经由在发现时段期间发起的直接或P2P网络连接来联合地或单独地尝试建立到彼此的D2D通信链路(操作650)。 [0050] UE initiating discovery via a P2P network or during the period directly connected jointly or separately to each attempt to establish the D2D communication link (operation 650). 连接建立至少部分地使用在来自载波网络的响应消息中提供的连接信息。 Connection is established at least in part using a response message from the network carrier to provide connection information. 在网络成功建立连接时,D2D设备可以经由至所连接的设备的直接或间接网络连接来进行D2D通信(操作660)。 When the network connection is successfully established, the D2D connection to the device via the network device is directly or indirectly connected to the D2D communication (operation 660).

[0051 ] 尽管参照特定的3GPP LTE/LTE-A和W1-Fi(IEEE 802.11)通信而提供了D2D连接的前述示例,但是将理解到可以与本文中描述的技术相结合来使用多种其他WWAN、WLAN和WPAN协议和标准。 [0051] While the foregoing example is provided with reference to the specific D2D connection 3GPP LTE / LTE-A and W1-Fi (IEEE 802.11) communication, it will be understood to be combined with the techniques described herein to use various other WWAN , WLAN and WPAN protocol and standards. 这些标准包括但不限于来自3GPP的标准(例如,LTE、LTE-A、HSPA+、UMTS)、IEEE 802.11(例如,802.lla、802.llb、802.llg、802.lln、802.llac)、802.16(例如,802.16p)或蓝牙(例如,蓝牙4.0或由蓝牙特殊兴趣小组限定的其他标准)标准族。 These include but are not limited to, from the 3GPP standards (e.g., LTE, LTE-A, HSPA +, UMTS), IEEE 802.11 (e.g., 802.lla, 802.llb, 802.llg, 802.lln, 802.llac), 802.16 (e.g., 802.16p) or Bluetooth (e.g., Bluetooth 4.0, or defined by the Bluetooth special interest group other standards) standard family. 如本文中所使用的蓝牙可以指由蓝牙特殊兴趣小组所限定的短程数字通信协议,该协议包括在2.4GHz谱中操作的短距无线协议跳频扩谱(HlSS)通信技术。 As used herein, Bluetooth may refer to a short-range digital communication protocol defined by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group, the agreement includes a short range wireless protocol operating in the 2.4GHz spectrum frequency hopping spread spectrum (HlSS) communication techniques. 可以结合当前描述的技术来使用能够促成设备至设备、机器至机器和P2P通信的其他通信标准。 May be combined with the presently described technology can be used to facilitate device-to-device, a machine to machine and other communications standards P2P communication. 进一步地,尽管参照特定的3GPP LTE/LTE-A蜂窝RAN和EPC而提供了载波网络的前述示例,但是将理解到可以结合本文中描述的技术来使用其他广域网协议和系统配置。 Further, although reference to particular 3GPP LTE / LTE-A cellular RAN and the EPC provides carrier network foregoing examples, it will be appreciated that the techniques described herein may be combined to use other WAN protocols and system configurations.

[0052]如本文中所描述的,各种方法或技术、或其某些方面或部分可以采用在有形介质(例如,闪速存储器、CD/DVD-R0M、硬盘驱动器、便携式存储设备或任意其他机器可读存储介质)中实施的程序代码(即,指令)的形式,其中,当程序代码被加载到机器(例如,计算机)中并由机器执行时,该机器变成用于实践各种技术的装置。 [0052] As described herein, various methods or techniques, or certain aspects or portions thereof may be employed in a tangible medium (e.g., flash memory, CD / DVD-R0M, hard drives, or any other portable storage device forms of machine-readable storage medium) program code (i.e., instructions) embodied, wherein, when the program code is loaded into the machine (e.g., a computer) and executed by a machine to perform when the machine becomes various techniques for practicing s installation. 在可编程计算机上执行程序代码的情况下,计算设备可以包括处理器、由处理器可读的存储介质(包括易失性和非易失性存储器和/或存储元件)、至少一个输入设备和至少一个输出设备。 In the case where the execution on programmable computers, program code, the computing device may include a processor, a storage medium readable by the processor (including volatile and nonvolatile memory and / or storage elements), at least one input device, and at least one output device. 可以实现或利用本文中描述的各种技术的一个或多个程序可以使用应用程序接口(API)、可重使用的控制等。 One or more programs that may implement or utilize the various technologies described herein may use an application program interface (API), the control can be re-used, and the like. 可以以高级过程或面向对象编程语言来实现这种程序以与计算机系统通信。 It may be in a high level procedural or object oriented programming language to communicate with a computer program such a system. 然而,如果期望,则可以以汇编或机器语言实现这种程序。 However, if desired, may be in assembly or machine language of this program. 在任何情况下,语言可以是汇编语言或解释语言,并且可以与硬件实现方式相结合。 In any case, the language may be a compiled or interpreted language, and may be combined with hardware implementations.

[0053]图7提供了诸如用户设备(UE)、移动站(MS)、移动无线设备、移动通信设备、平板计算机、手持机或其他类型移动无线设备的移动设备700的示例示出。 [0053] FIG. 7 is provided such as a user equipment (the UE), an example of a mobile station (MS), a mobile wireless device, a mobile communication device, a tablet computer, a mobile handset, or other type of mobile wireless devices of device 700 is shown. 移动设备700可以包括外壳702内的被配置为与基站(BS)、eNodeB或其他类型的无线广域网(WWAN)接入点通信的一个或多个天线708。 The mobile device 700 may be configured to include a base station (BS), a point of communication (WWAN) access eNodeB or other type of wireless WAN 708 or more antennas within the housing 702. 该移动设备可以被配置为使用包括3GPP LTE、WiMAX、高速分组接入(HSPA)、蓝牙和W1-Fi的至少一个无线通信标准来通信。 The mobile device may be configured to use the at least one wireless communication includes 3GPP LTE, WiMAX, High Speed ​​Packet Access (HSPA), W1-Fi and Bluetooth standard to communicate. 移动设备700可以使用针对每个无线通信标准的单独天线或针对多个无线通信标准的共用天线来通信。 The mobile device 700 may use separate antennas for each wireless communication standard or for a plurality of wireless communication to a communication standard shared antenna. 移动设备700可以在 Mobile device 700 may

[0054]图7还提供了可以用于来自移动设备700的音频输入和输出的麦克风720以及一个或多个扬声器712的示出。 [0054] FIG. 7 may be also provided for the microphone from the mobile device 700 of the audio input and output 720 is shown, and one or more speakers 712. 显示屏704可以是液晶显示器(IXD)屏幕或诸如有机发光二极管(OLED)显示器的其他类型显示屏。 Display 704 may be a liquid crystal display (IXD), such as a screen or an organic light emitting diode (OLED) display other types of displays. 显示屏704可以被配置为触摸屏。 Display 704 may be configured as a touch screen. 触摸屏可以使用电容式、电阻式或另一类型的触摸屏技术。 The touch screen may use capacitive, resistive, or another type of touch screen technology. 应用处理器714和图形处理器718可以被耦合至内部存储器716以提供处理和显示能力。 The application processor 714 and a graphics processor 718 may be coupled to internal memory 716 to provide the processing and display capabilities. 非易失性存储器端口710还可以用于向用户提供数据输入/输出选择。 The nonvolatile memory port 710 may also be used to provide data input / output to a user selection. 非易失性存储器端口710还可以用于扩展移动设备700的存储器能力。 The nonvolatile memory port 710 may also be used to expand the memory capacity of the mobile device 700. 键盘706可以与移动设备700集成或无线地连接至移动设备700以提供附加的用户输入。 Keyboard 706 may be connected with or integrated mobile device 700 wirelessly to the mobile device 700 to provide additional user input. 还可以使用触摸屏来提供虚拟键盘。 You can also use the touch screen to provide a virtual keyboard. 位于移动设备700前(显示屏)侧或后侧的照相机722还可以被集成到移动设备700的外壳702中。 Mobile device 700 is located in front (display) or rear side of the camera 722 may also be integrated into the housing 702 of the mobile device 700.

[0055]图8是示出在其上可以运行本文中讨论的方法中的任意一个或多个的示例计算机系统机器的框图。 [0055] FIG. 8 is a block diagram illustrating an example of any one or more of the computer systems of the machine in which the methods discussed can run on herein. 计算机系统800可以被实施为计算设备104、移动设备106、移动设备700(来自图1和图7),或者所描述的或本文中提到的任意其他计算平台。 The computer system 800 may be implemented as a computing device 104, mobile device 106, mobile device 700 (from FIG. 1 and FIG. 7), or any other computing platform, or described herein mentioned. 在替选实施例中,该机器作为独立的设备来运行或者可以被连接(例如,联网)至其他机器。 In alternative embodiments, the machine operates as a standalone device or may be connected to operate (e.g., networked) to other machines. 在联网的部署中,该机器可以以服务器-客户机网络环境中的服务器或者客户机机器的身份来运行,或者它可以作为对等(或分布式)网络环境中的对等机器。 In a networked deployment, the machine may be a server - to run client server network environment, or the identity of the client machine, or it can serve as a peer (or distributed) network environment, peer machine. 该机器可以是可便携或可不便携的个人计算机(PC)(例如,笔记本或上网本)、平板计算机、机顶盒(STB)、游戏控制台、个人数字助理(PDA)、移动电话或智能电话、网络设备、网络路由器、交换机或桥接器、或者能够执行指定要由机器所采取的动作的指令(顺序的或以其他方式)的任意机器。 The machine can be portable or not portable personal computer (PC) (eg, notebook or netbook), tablet computers, set-top boxes (STB), game consoles, personal digital assistant (PDA), a mobile phone or smart phone, network equipment , a network router, switch or bridge, or be capable of executing instructions specify the action taken by the machine (sequential or otherwise) of any machine. 进一步地,尽管仅示出了单个机器,但是术语“机器”还应当被认为包括单独地或联合地执行一组(或多组)指令以执行本文中讨论的方法中的任意一个或多个的机器的任意集合。 Further, while only a single machine is illustrated, the term "machine" shall also be considered to include any individually or jointly execute a set (or multiple sets) of instructions to perform the methods discussed herein, one or more of any machine collection.

[0056] 示例计算机系统800包括处理器802(例如,中央处理单元(CPU)、图形处理器单元(GPU)或两者)、主存储器804和静态存储器806,它们经由互联808(例如,链路、总线等)与彼此通信。 [0056] The example computer system 800 includes a processor 802 (e.g., a central processing unit (CPU), a graphics processor unit (GPU) or both), a main memory 804 and a static memory 806, which interconnect via 808 (e.g., link , bus, etc.) communicate with each other. 计算机系统800可以进一步包括视频显示单元810、文字数字输入设备812(例如,键盘)和用户界面(UI)导航设备814(例如,鼠标)。 The computer system 800 may further include a video display unit 810, an alphanumeric input device 812 (e.g., a keyboard) and user interface (UI) navigation device 814 (e.g., a mouse). 在一个实施例中,视频显示单元810、输入设备812和UI导航设备814是触摸屏显示器。 In one embodiment, the video display unit 810, an input device 812 and UI navigation device 814 is a touch screen display. 计算机系统800可以附加地包括存储设备816(例如,驱动器单元)、信号生成设备818(例如,扬声器)、输出控制器832、电源管理控制器834和网络接口设备820 (其可以包括一个或多个天线830、收发器或其他无线通信硬件,或可操作地与一个或多个天线830、收发器或其他无线通信硬件通信)、以及一个或多个传感器828(例如,GPS传感器、指南针、位置传感器、加速计或其他传感器)。 The computer system 800 may additionally include a storage device 816 (e.g., driver unit), a signal generation device 818 (e.g., a speaker), the output controller 832, power management controller 834 and a network interface device 820 (which may include one or more antenna 830, a transceiver or other wireless communication hardware, or operably linked to one or more antennas 830, the transceiver communication or other wireless communication hardware), and one or more sensors 828 (e.g., GPS sensor, a compass, a position sensor , an accelerometer or other sensor).

[0057]存储设备816包括机器可读介质822,在机器可读介质822上存储有实施本文中描述的方法或功能中的任意一个或多个的数据结构和指令824的一个或多个集合(例如,软件)或者由本文中描述的方法或功能中的任意一个或多个所利用的数据结构和指令824的一个或多个集合。 [0057] The apparatus 816 includes a machine-readable storage medium 822, storage medium 822 readable in any embodiment described herein has the methodologies or functions in a machine or a plurality of instructions and data structures 824 or a plurality of sets ( For example, software), or by the methods described herein or any one or more of the functions using data structures and one or more instruction set 824. 指令824还可以完全或至少部分地驻留于主存储器804、静态存储器806内和/或在由计算机系统800对指令824进行执行期间位于处理器802内,其中,主存储器804、静态存储器806和处理器802还构成机器可读介质。 Instructions 824 may also reside, completely or at least partially within the main memory 804, static memory 806 and / or within the processor 802 during execution by the computer system 800 instructions 824, wherein a main memory 804, static memory 806 and The processor 802 also constituting machine-readable media.

[0058]尽管在示例实施例中机器可读介质822被示出为单个介质,但是术语“机器可读介质”可以包括存储一个或多个指令824的单个介质或多个介质(例如,集中式或分布式数据库、和/或相关联的高速缓冲存储器和服务器)。 [0058] While the machine-readable medium 822 in the exemplary embodiment is shown as a single medium, the term "machine-readable medium" can include one or more instructions stored in a single medium or multiple media 824 (e.g., centralized or distributed database, and / or associated caches and servers). 术语“机器可读介质”还应当被认为包括能够存储、编码或承载用于由机器执行并使机器执行本公开的方法学中的任意一个或多个的指令的任意有形介质,或者包括能够存储、编码或承载由这样的指令所利用的数据结构或与这样的指令相关联的数据结构的任意有形介质。 The term "machine-readable medium" shall also be taken to include capable of storing, encoding or carrying any tangible medium for execution by a machine, cause the machine to one or more of instructions to perform any of the method disclosed in the school, or is capable of storing comprises , encoding or carrying data structures utilized by such instructions or associated with any tangible medium such instructions associated data structures. 术语“机器可读介质”由此应当被认为包括但不限于固态存储器以及光和磁介质。 The term "machine-readable medium" should thus be taken to include, but not limited to solid-state memories and optical and magnetic media. 机器可读介质的特定示例包括非易失性存储器,通过示例的方式包括半导体存储器件(例如,电可编程只读存储器(EPROM)、电可擦除可编程只读存储器(EEPROM))和闪速存储器设备;磁盘,例如内部硬盘和可移除盘;磁光盘;以及CD-ROM 和DVD-ROM 盘。 Specific examples of machine-readable media include non-volatile memory, including by way of example semiconductor memory devices (e.g., electrically programmable read only memory (EPROM), electrically erasable programmable read only memory (the EEPROM)) and flash speed memory devices; magnetic disks such as internal hard disks and removable disks; magneto-optical disks; and CD-ROM and DVD-ROM disks.

[0059] 可以利用多个已知传输协议(例如,HTTP)中的任一个经由网络接口设备820使用传输介质通过通信网络826来进一步传送或接收指令824。 [0059] may utilize a plurality of known transmission protocols (e.g., HTTP) to any of a further transmission through the communication network 826 using a transmission medium or via network device 824 receives an instruction 820 interfaces. 通信网络的示例包括局域网(LAN)、广域网(WAN)、互联网、移动电话网络、普通老式电话(POTS)网络、和无线数据网络(例如,W1-F1、3G和4G LTE/LTE-A或WiMAX网络)。 Examples of communication networks include a local area network (LAN), a wide area network (WAN), the Internet, mobile telephone network, a plain old telephone (POTS) network, and a wireless data networks (e.g., W1-F1,3G and 4G LTE / LTE-A, or WiMAX The internet). 术语“传输介质”应当被认为包括能够存储、编码或承载由机器执行的指令的任意无形介质,并且包括用于促成这种软件的通信数字或模拟通信信号或其他无形介质。 The term "transmission medium" shall be taken to include capable of storing, encoding or carrying instructions for execution by the machine of any intangible medium, and for facilitating communication comprising such software digital or analog communications signals or other intangible medium.

[0060]其他可应用的网络配置可以被包括在当前描述的通信网络的范围内。 [0060] Other applications of the network configuration may be included within the scope of the presently described communication network. 尽管参照局域无线网络配置和广域互联网网络连接提供了示例,但是将理解到还可以使用任意数量的个人局域网、LAN和WAN,使用有线或无线传输介质的任意组合来促成通信。 Although the configuration with reference to a local area wireless network and a wide area network connected to the Internet provides an example, it will be appreciated that any number may also be used in personal area network, LAN and the WAN, using any combination of wired or wireless transmission medium to facilitate communication.

[0061]可以在硬件、固件和软件中的一个或组合中实现上面描述的实施例。 [0061] or may be a combination of hardware, firmware, and software implemented in the above-described embodiments. 实施例还可以被实现为可以由至少一个处理器读取以执行以执行本文中描述的操作的、被存储在计算机可读存储设备上的指令。 Example embodiments may also be implemented as to perform the operations described herein, the instructions are stored on a computer-readable storage device may be read by the at least one processor. 计算机可读存储设备可以包括用于以由机器(例如,计算机)可读的形式存储信息的任意非瞬时性机制。 The computer-readable storage device may include any non-transitory mechanism by a machine (e.g., computer) readable form of information storage. 例如,计算机可读存储设备可以包括只读存储器(ROM)、随机存取存储器(RAM)、磁盘存储介质、光学存储介质、闪存设备、以及其他存储设备和介质。 For example, computer-readable storage device may include read only memory (ROM), a random access memory (RAM), magnetic disk storage media, optical storage media, flash memory devices, and other storage devices and media.

[0062]应当理解到本说明书中描述的功能单元或能力可以称作或标记为组件或模块,以便更特别地强调它们的实现方式独立性。 [0062] It should be appreciated that the functional units described in this specification or capability may be referred to or labeled as modules or components, in order to more particularly emphasize their implementation independence. 例如,组件或模块可以被实现为包括定制的超大规模集成(VLSI)电路或门阵列、诸如逻辑芯片的现成半导体、晶体管或其他分立组件的硬件电路。 For example, components or modules may be implemented as comprising custom very large scale integration (VLSI) circuits or gate arrays, off-shelf semiconductors such as logic hardware circuit chips, transistors, or other discrete components. 还可以在诸如现场可编程门阵列、可编程阵列逻辑、可编程逻辑器件等的可编程硬件设备中实现组件或模块。 Components or modules may also be implemented in programmable hardware devices such as field programmable gate arrays, programmable array logic, programmable logic devices or the like. 还可以在用于由各种类型的处理器执行的软件中实现组件或模块。 Components or modules may also be implemented in software for execution by various types of processors. 可执行的代码的所识别的组件或模块可以例如包括计算机指令的一个或多个物理或逻辑块,计算机指令可以例如被组织为对象、过程或功能。 One or more physical or logical block components or modules of the identified executable code may, for example, computer instructions include, for example, the computer instructions may be organized as an object, procedure, or function. 尽管如此,所识别的组件或模块的可执行单元(executables)不需要物理地位于一起,而可以包括在不同位置中存储的不同指令,当所述指令在逻辑上联在一起时包括组件或模块,并实现针对该组件或模块的所陈述的目的。 Nevertheless, the executables cell assemblies or modules identified (executables) need not be physically located together, but may comprise disparate instructions stored in different locations which, when linked together, when the instruction includes a logical component or modules and achieve the stated purpose for the component or module.

[0063]实际上,可执行代码的组件或模块可以是单个指令或许多指令,并且甚至可以横跨若干存储器设备、在不同程序中、以及在若干不同代码片段上分布。 [0063] In practice, a component or module of executable code could be a single instruction, or many instructions, and may even across several memory devices, among different programs, and distributed over several different code segments. 类似地,在本文中可以在组件或模块内识别并示出操作数据,并且可以以任意适当形式实施并且在任意适当类型的数据结构内组织操作数据。 Similarly, it may be identified herein within the component or module and illustrates the operation data, and may be implemented in any suitable form and organized within any suitable operation data type of data structure. 操作数据可以被采集为单个数据集合,或者可以被分布在不同位置上(包括在不同存储设备上),并且可以至少部分地仅作为系统或网络上的电信号而存在。 The operational data may be collected as a single data set, or may be distributed over different locations (including over different storage devices), and may be at least partially merely as electronic signals on a system or network presence. 组件或模块可以是无源的或有源的,包括可操作用于执行期望功能的代理。 Components or modules may be passive or active, including agents operable to perform desired functions.

[0064]当前描述的方法、系统和设备实施例的附加示例包括以下非限制性配置。 [0064] Additional exemplary embodiments of the presently described embodiment of the method, system and apparatus comprising a non-limiting configurations. 以下非限制性示例中的每个可以独立存在,或者可以与以下或本公开通篇所提供的其他示例中的任意一个或多个以任意排列或组合来结合。 The following non-limiting examples may be independently present or may be one or more in any permutation or combination thereof in combination with any other examples of the present disclosure or provided throughout in.

[0065]示例I包括由设备(例如,用户设备(UE))执行的用于利用网络辅助而建立设备至设备无线连接的方法所实施的主题内容,包括:向第一无线网络的演进分组核心(EPC)提供UE的位置信息,第一无线网络是3GPP长期演进或高级3GPP长期演进(LTE/LTE-A)无线网络之一,UE与EPC通信;向EPC提供设备至设备连接信息以用于与第二UE的连接,以建立该UE和第二UE之间的设备至设备无线连接,第二UE与EPC通信;并且基于来自EPC的对建立与第二UE的设备至设备无线连接的响应,使用经由第二无线网络传送的设备至设备通信来执行第二UE的发现。 [0065] Example I includes a device (e.g., user equipment (the UE)) using the network for establishing the auxiliary execution of the subject matter of the method to a wireless connection device of the embodiment includes: a core packet network to the first wireless Evolved (EPC) provides location information of the UE, a first one of the wireless network is a 3GPP long Term Evolution or 3GPP long Term Evolution advanced (LTE / LTE-a) radio network, in communication with UE EPC; providing apparatus to a connected device information to the EPC for and connecting the second UE, to establish a device-to-device wireless connection between the UE and the second UE, the second UE in communication with EPC; and based on a response to the device to establish a connection with the wireless device from a second UE, the EPC , discovery is performed using the second UE via a second wireless communication device to the network transmission device.

[0066] 在示例2中,示例I的主题内容能够可选地包括通过UE和第二UE之间的设备至设备无线连接进行通信。 [0066] In Example 2, Example I of the subject matter can optionally include a device connected to the apparatus through a wireless connection between the UE and a second UE in communication.

[0067]在示例3中,示例1-2中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括:通过从UE向EPC传送对建立设备至设备无线连接的请求,向EPC提供设备至设备连接信息。 [0067] In Example 3, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination of 1-2 can optionally include: a request to establish a wireless connection to the device, providing device to the device via a transmission from the UE to the EPC to the EPC information.

[0068]在示例4中,示例1-3中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括以预先定义的间隔而进行向EPC提供UE的位置信息,其中,位置信息包括与UE的已知位置的地理区域相关联的数据。 [0068] In Example 4, Example 1-3 or a combination of any of the subject matter can optionally include a pre-defined intervals and to provide location information of the UE to the EPC, wherein the location information comprises the UE has known data associated with a geographic area location.

[0069I 在示例5中,示例1-4中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括指示所述UE请求连接的一个或多个UE的位置请求。 [0069I] In Example 5, an example of a subject matter, or any combination of 1-4 can optionally include an indication of the position of the UE requesting a connection request to one or more UE.

[0070]在示例6中,示例1-5中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括来自EPC的对建立设备至设备无线连接的响应,响应于EPC验证UE至第二UE的接近度而从EPC提供该响应,其中,所述UE的接近度是至少部分地通过所述UE和所述第二UE至公共演进节点B(eNodeB)的连接而确定的。 [0070] In Example 6, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination of 1-5 can optionally include a response from the EPC device to establish a connection to the wireless device in response to verification EPC proximity to the second UE UE of the response from the EPC is provided, wherein the proximity of the UE is determined at least in part by connecting the UE and the second UE to the common evolved node B (eNodeB) is.

[0071]在示例7中,示例1-6中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括从无线设备向第二无线设备传送的以建立直接的设备至设备无线连接的设备至设备通信,直接的设备至设备无线连接根据来自以下的标准而执行通信:LTE/LTE-A标准族、IEEE 802.11标准族、IEEE 802.16标准族或蓝牙特殊兴趣小组标准族。 [0071] In Example 7, the subject matter of one or any combination of Examples 1-6 can optionally include a transmission from the wireless device to the second device to establish a wireless communication device directly to the device connected to the wireless device apparatus directly connecting equipment to the wireless device performs a communication according to the standard from the following: LTE / LTE-a family of standards, IEEE 802.11 family of standards, IEEE 802.16 family of standards, or Bluetooth special interest group family of standards.

[0072]示例8能够包括示例1-7中的一个或任意组合的主题内容的全部或部分,或者能够可选地与示例1-7中的一个或任意组合的主题内容的全部或部分结合,以包括由诸如用户设备(UE)的无线通信设备实施的主题内容,包括:多模收发机,多模收发机包括被布置为经由LTE/LTE-A网络连接来执行与3GPP长期演进或高级3GPP长期演进(LTE/LTE-A)网络中的演进N0deB(eNB)的无线通信并且经由设备至设备连接来执行与第二UE的无线通信的电路,该电路还被布置为通过执行以下操作来促成设备至设备连接以用于UE和第二UE之间的直接通信:根据预先确定的定时向与所述LTE/LTE-A网络进行通信的演进分组核心(EPC)传送所述UE的位置数据;向EPC传送设备至设备连接请求,设备至设备连接请求包括第二UE的标识,第二UE具有被建立的至LTE/LTE-A网络的网络连接;从EPC接收设备至设备连接响应,设备 [0072] Example 8 can include all or part of the subject matter of Examples 1-7 one or any combination of, or alternatively can be combined with all or part of the subject matter of Examples 1-7 or any combination of a, to include the subject matter of the wireless communication device such as user equipment (UE) is implemented, comprising: a multi-mode transceiver, multi-mode transceiver includes arranged to be connected via the LTE / LTE-a network performs 3GPP long Term Evolution or advanced 3GPP long Term Evolution (LTE / LTE-a) network evolution N0deB (eNB) and a wireless communication device to be performed via the wireless communication device circuit connected to the second UE, the circuit is further arranged to facilitate operation by performing the following device to device connection for direct communication between the UE and the second UE: communication to evolve the LTE / LTE-a network in accordance with the timing of a predetermined packet core (EPC) transmitting position data for the UE; transmitting a connection request to the EPC request, device to device to device connection apparatus comprises a second UE identity, the UE has a second network is established to LTE / LTE-a network connection; EPC from device to device receiving a connection response, the device 设备连接响应包括用于第二UE的连接信息和用于执行对第二UE的发现的定时信息;并且在使用定时信息确定的连接建立时段期间向第二UE传送一个或多个设备至设备通信以使用用于第二UE的连接信息来建立设备至设备连接。 Device connection response comprising connection information for the second UE, and timing information for performing discovery of the second UE; establishing a communication connection and determining one or more devices to the device transmits to the second UE using the timing information during a period using the connection information for establishing the second UE device to a connected device.

[0073]在示例9中,示例8的主题内容能够可选地包括以下电路,该电路进一步被配置为利用第二UE,响应于在连接建立时段期间对第二UE的成功发现和认证而经由设备至设备连接与第二UE直接传送和接收设备至设备数据。 [0073] In Example 9, Example 8 of the subject matter can optionally include the following circuitry is further configured to utilize a second UE, during a connection establishment in response to the period of the second UE via the successful discovery and authentication device to a second device connected to the transmitting and receiving apparatus UE directly to the device data.

[0074]在示例10中,示例8-10中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括以预先定义的间隔向EPC传送的UE的位置数据,其中,位置数据包括UE的确定的地理地点。 [0074] In Example 10, the subject matter of one or any combination of 8-10 can optionally include a position data of the UE at intervals of a predefined transmission to the EPC, wherein the determined geographic location data includes the UE location.

[0075]在示例11中,示例8-10中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括向EPC传送的设备至设备连接请求,设备至设备连接请求包括用于尝试设备至设备连接的多个UE的标识,多个UE包括第二UE。 [0075] In Example 11, the subject matter of the examples or any combination of 8-10 can optionally include a device to transmit a device connection request to the EPC, it comprises a device-to-device connection request for attempting device to a connected device identifying a plurality of the UE, the UE includes a plurality of the second UE.

[0076] 在示例12中,示例8-11中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括显示屏,其中用于促成UE和第二UE之间的设备至设备通信的操作包括在经由显示屏上呈现的用户界面上提供一个或多个交互式显示,以使能对建立设备至设备连接的用户控制。 [0076] In Example 12, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination of 8-11 can optionally include a display screen, wherein for facilitating operation of the communication device to the second device between the UE and the UE via comprises on a user interface presented on a display screen or a plurality of interactive display, to enable the user to establish the control device to a connected device.

[0077]在示例13中,示例8-12中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括多模收发机,多模收发机被进一步布置为经由与LTE/LTE-A网络不通的无线网络来执行设备至设备通信,其中,与来自以下的标准相结合而在UE和第二UE之间执行设备至设备通信:LTE/LTE-A标准族、IEEE 802.11标准族、IEEE 802.16标准族或蓝牙特殊兴趣小组标准族。 [0077] In Example 13, the subject matter of one or any combination of Examples 8-12 can optionally include a multi-mode transceiver, multi-mode transceiver is further arranged to via the LTE / LTE-A radio network nowhere performing a network communication device to device, wherein the device to device communication is performed with the following standards from the combination between the UE and the second UE: LTE / LTE-a family of standards, IEEE 802.11 family of standards, IEEE 802.16 family of standards or Bluetooth special interest group family of standards.

[0078]示例14能够包括示例1-14中的一个或任意组合的主题内容的全部或部分,或者能够可选地与示例1-14中的一个或任意组合的主题内容的全部或部分结合,以包括由设备(例如,用户设备(UE))执行的用于经由在UE和第二UE之间建立的直接设备至设备连接来促成数据流的方法所实施的主题内容,包括:接收用于建立至第二UE的设备至设备连接的请求,该请求包括第二UE的标识和发现时段的标识,响应于对UE至第二UE的接近度的检测从3GPP长期演进或高级3GPP长期演进(LTE/LTE-A)网络的演进分组核心(EPC)提供该请求;向EPC传送对用于建立至第二UE的设备至设备连接的请求的响应;并且使用第二UE的标识,在发现时段期间建立到第二UE的设备至设备连接,其中,建立UE和第二UE之间经由设备至设备连接的数据流以替代UE与第二UE之间经由EPC的现有数据流。 [0078] Example 14 can include all or part of an example of the subject matter in a 1-14 or any combination thereof, and optionally all or can be the subject matter of Examples 1-14 or a combination of any or binding portion, to include a device (e.g., user equipment (UE)) for execution via a direct device-to-device connection between the UE and the second UE to facilitate the establishment of the subject matter of a method embodiment of the data stream, comprising: receiving establishment request to the second UE device to a connected device, the request includes an identification of a second UE identity and the discovery period, in response to detection of the UE to the second UE from the proximity of the long term evolution advanced 3GPP or 3GPP long term Evolution ( LTE / LTE-a) network is an evolved packet core (EPC) provides the request; response to the establishment request to the second UE device connected to the device for transmitting to the EPC; and using the second UE identity, the discovery period during the establishment of the second UE to the apparatus connected to the apparatus, wherein, to establish the data flow between the UE and the second UE via a device connected to the device to replace an existing data flow between the UE and the EPC via the second UE.

[0079]在示例15中,示例14的主题内容能够可选地包括从EPC传送至第二UE的用于建立设备至设备连接的第二请求,第二请求包括第一UE的标识,其中,响应于对用于建立设备至设备连接的第二请求的肯定响应,第一UE和第二UE执行用于建立设备至设备连接的操作。 [0079] In Example 15, the subject matter of Example 14 can optionally include a second transmission from the EPC to the UE device a request for establishing a second connection to the device, the second request includes an identification of the first UE, wherein, certainly in response to a request for establishing a second device connected to the device in response to the first and second UE device to perform operations for establishing a connection device.

[0080] 在示例16中,示例14-15中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括第一UE的标识,第一UE的标识包括用于从第二UE发现第一UE并向第一UE认证的信息,并且其中,第二UE的标识包括从第一UE发现第二UE并向第二UE认证的信息。 [0080] In Example 16, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination 14-15 can optionally include a first UE identity, the UE comprises means for identifying the first from the first UE and a second UE discovers authentication information of the first UE, and wherein the identifying information includes a second UE and a second UE from the first authentication UE finds the second UE.

[0081] 在示例17中,示例14-16中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括基于UE和第二UE至LTE/LTE-A网络中的公共演进NodeB(eNodeB)的连接而对UE至第二UE的接近度的检测。 [0081] In Example 17, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination of 14 to 16 can optionally be connected to the second UE based on the UE and the LTE / LTE-A network, public evolved NodeB (eNodeB) and comprises detection of the UE to the second UE proximity.

[0082]在示例18中,示例14-17中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括基于与设备至设备连接的最大通信距离相比,由EPC确定的UE和第二UE的位置来对UE至第二UE的接近度的检测。 [0082] In Example 18, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination 14-17 can optionally include a comparison based on the maximum communication distance to a device connected to the device, the EPC is determined by the location of the UE and the second UE detecting proximity of the UE to the second UE.

[0083]示例19能够包括示例1-18中的一个或任意组合的主题内容的全部或部分,或者能够可选地与示例1-18中的一个或任意组合的主题内容的全部或部分结合,以包括由演进分组核心(EPC)实施的主题内容,EPC被布置为对3GPP长期演进或高级3GPP长期演进(LTE/LTE-A)无线网络的处理组件进行操作,LTE/LTE-A无线网络被布置为经由一个或多个演进NodeB(eNodeB)来与第一用户设备(UE)建立LTE/LTE-A网络通信链路,并且EPC包括被布置为通过执行以下操作来促成第二无线网络上第一UE和第二UE之间的设备至设备通信链路的建立的一个或多个组件:确定第一UE和第二UE之间的LTE网络通信链路的建立;确定第一UE和第二UE之间的接近度;并且经由LTE/LTE-A无线网络向第一UE并向第二UE传送标识信息和发现定时,以用于经由第二无线网络建立设备至设备通信链路。 [0083] Example 19 can comprise all or part of an example of the subject matter in a 1-18 or any combination thereof, or alternatively can be combined with all or part of Examples 1-18 or a combination of any of the subject matter, to include the subject matter of the evolved packet core (EPC) embodiment, EPC is arranged (LTE / LTE-a) processing component 3GPP long Term Evolution or advanced 3GPP LTE networks operate, LTE / LTE-a radio network is arranged to establish a first user equipment (UE) via one or more evolved NodeB (eNodeB) LTE / LTE-a network communication link, comprising a first EPC and is arranged to perform the following operations facilitated by a second wireless network establishing one or more components of device to device communication link between the UE and a second UE: determining an LTE network to establish a communication link between the first UE and a second UE; UE determining a first and second proximity between the UE; UE and to transmit the second identification information to the first UE via LTE / LTE-a radio network discovery and timing device for establishing a communication link to the device via a second wireless network.

[0084] 在示例20中,示例19的主题内容能够可选地包括:基于向EPC传达的第一UE和第二UE的位置信息而执行对第一UE和第二UE之间的接近度的确定。 [0084] In Example 20, the subject matter of Example 19 can optionally include: perform a proximity between the first and second UE based on the position information of the first UE and the second UE is conveyed to the EPC determine.

[0085] 在示例21中,示例19-20中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括响应于在EPC内提供的通知或根据由第一UE提供的通知,开始建立对设备至设备通信链路的建立。 [0085] In Example 21, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination 19-20 can optionally include a response to a notification provided in accordance with the notification EPC or a first provided by the UE, to start building the device-to-device establishing a communication link.

[0086] 在示例22中,示例19-21中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括以下操作,该操作用于响应于接收来自第一UE的设备至设备连接请求而执行的对第一UE和第二UE之间的设备至设备通信链路的建立,来自第一UE的设备至设备连接请求包括UE的标识;其中,用于经由至第一UE和第二UE的LTE无线网络来传送标识信息和发现定时的操作包括:从EPC向第二UE发出第二设备至设备连接请求,第二设备至设备连接请求包括标识信息和发现定时,并且标识信息包括第一UE的标识;并且响应于对第二设备至设备连接请求的确认,向第一UE发出设备至设备连接响应。 [0086] In Example 22, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination 19-21 can optionally include the following operations in response to the operation of the receiving apparatus from the first device a connection request to the UE is performed establishing a device-to-device communication link between the first and second UE, from a first device to a connected device UE comprises a UE identity request; wherein, for the LTE radio via to the first UE and the second UE network to transmit the identification information and the operation timing discovery comprising: issuing from the EPC to the UE a second device to the second device a connection request, the second device-to-device connection request includes the identification information and timing of discovery, and the identification information includes a first UE identity ; and in response to a confirmation of the second device-to-device connection request issued to the device connected to the device in response to the first UE.

[0087]在示例23中,示例19-22中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括被提供至第一UE的标识信息,标识信息包括用于使用经由第二无线网络传送的设备至设备通信向第二UE认证的认证信息,并且其中,被提供至第二UE的标识信息包括用于使用经由第二无线网络传送的设备至设备通信向第一UE认证的认证信息。 [0087] In Example 23, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination 19-22 can optionally include the identification information is provided to the first UE, the device comprises means for using the identification information transmitted via a second wireless network authentication information to the second communication device to the authentication of the UE, and wherein the identification information is provided to the UE comprises means for using the second communication device to a second device via a wireless network transmit authentication information to the first UE authentication.

[0088]在示例24中,示例19-23中的一个或任意组合的主题内容能够可选地包括结合对来自以下的标准的使用而在无线通信设备和第二无线通信设备之间执行的设备至设备通信;3GPP长期演进或高级3GPP长期演进标准族、IEEE 802.11标准族、IEEE 802.16标准族或蓝牙特殊兴趣小组标准族。 [0088] In Example 24, an example of the subject matter of one or any combination of the devices 19-23 can optionally include binding performed using the following criteria from the wireless communication device and between the second wireless communication device to the communication device; 3GPP long Term Evolution or 3GPP long Term Evolution advanced family of standards, IEEE 802.11 family of standards, IEEE 802.16 family of standards or the Bluetooth special interest group family of standards.

[0089]提供摘要以允许读者弄清本技术公开的本质和主旨。 [0089] The Abstract is provided to allow the reader to ascertain the nature and gist of the technical disclosure. 所主张的理解为它将不被用于限制或解释权利要求的范围或含义。 It understood as claimed it will not be used to limit or interpret the scope or meaning of the claims. 以下权利要求特此被并入详细描述中,其中每条权利要求独立存在而作为单独的实施例。 The following claims are hereby incorporated into the detailed description, as a separate embodiment wherein the presence of each independent claim.

Claims (25)

1.一种方法,包括: 从第一无线网络的第一用户设备(UE)和第二UE接收基于接近度的服务登记请求; 从所述第一UE接收接近度请求,所述接近度请求包括对通知所述第二UE何时接近所述第一UE以经由不同于所述第一无线网络的第二无线网络而进行与所述第二UE的直接通信的请求; 从所述第一UE和所述第二UE接收UE位置信息; 至少部分地基于从所述第一UE和所述第二UE接收的UE位置信息来检测所述第二UE何时接近所述第一UE;并且响应于检测到所述第二UE接近所述第一UE,向所述第一UE传送警告以作为对所接收的接近度请求的响应。 1. A method, comprising: receiving a service registration request based on the proximity of the first wireless network, a first user equipment (UE) and a second UE; UE receives the first request from the proximity of said proximity request notifying the second comprising proximate the first UE when the UE via the first wireless network is different from a second wireless network a request for the direct communication with the second UE; from the first UE and the second UE receives UE location information; at least partially based on detecting the first UE and the UE location information received from the second UE and the second UE is approaching the first UE; and in response to detecting the second UE is close to the first UE, the first UE to transmit a warning in response to the proximity of the received request.
2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,还包括: 存储针对所述第一UE和所述第二UE的基于接近度的服务上下文数据。 2. The method according to claim 1, further comprising: a first UE and the service context data storage proximity for the second UE based.
3.根据权利要求2所述的方法,还包括: 从所述第一UE和所述第二UE中的至少一个接收对从基于接近度的服务撤销登记的请求;并且移除针对相应UE的所存储的基于接近度的服务上下文数据。 3. The method according to claim 2, further comprising: receiving a request for at least one deregistration from the proximity-based service from the first UE and the second UE; and removing the respective UE for proximity-based service context stored data.
4.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,所述第二无线网络包括无线局域网(WLAN)或无线个域网(WPAN)中的至少一个。 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the second wireless network comprises a wireless local area network (WLAN) or wireless personal area network (WPAN) is at least one.
5.根据权利要求4所述的方法,还包括: 向所述第一UE传送针对所述第二UE的WLAN点对点(P2P)设备标识符。 5. The method as claimed in claim 4, further comprising: transmitting to the first UE (P2P) a device identifier for the second peer WLAN UE.
6.根据权利要求1所述的方法,还包括: 从所述第一UE和所述第二UE接收间歇性的UE位置信息更新;其中,至少部分地基于从所述第二UE接收的多个间歇性的UE位置信息更新,所述第二UE被检测为接近所述第一UE。 6. The method according to claim 1, further comprising: updating the first UE and the UE location information received intermittently from the second UE; wherein, at least in part based on the received UE from the second plurality intermittent updating location information of UE, the second UE is detected as proximate to the first UE.
7.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,从所述第一UE接收的所述接近度请求和向所述第一 UE传送的所述警告包括超文本传输协议(HTTP)消息。 The method according to claim 1, wherein the proximity of the received request from the first UE and the first UE to transmit the alert including Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) message.
8.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,从所述第一UE接收的所述接近度请求包括与所述请求相关联的时限,并且其中,响应于在与所述请求相关联的所述时限期间检测到所述第二 UE接近所述第一UE,所述警告被传送至所述第一UE。 8. The method according to claim 1, wherein the request from the proximity of the first UE comprises receiving timing associated with the request, and wherein, in response to the request associated with the detecting during said second time the UE is close to the first UE, wherein the warning is transmitted to the first UE.
9.一种包括指令的机器可读介质,当电子设备的处理器执行所述指令时,使得所述电子设备执行根据权利要求1-8中的任意一项所述的方法。 A machine-readable medium comprising instructions, the electronic device when the processor executes the instruction, so that the execution of any electronic device 1-8 according to a method as claimed in claim.
10.—种装置,包括用于执行根据权利要求1-8中的任意一项所述的方法的单元。 10.- species means comprising means for performing the method according to any one of claims 1-8.
11.一种处理电路,包括: 位置检测电路,其用于至少部分地基于从第一无线网络的第一用户设备(UE)和第二UE接收的UE位置信息来检测所述第一UE和所述第二UE是否接近; 接收器电路,其用于: 从所述第一UE和所述第二UE接收基于接近度的服务登记请求; 从所述第一UE和所述第二UE接收UE位置信息;并且从所述第一UE接收接近度请求,所述接近度请求包括对通知所述第二UE何时接近所述第一UE以经由第二无线网络而进行与所述第一UE的直接通信的请求;以及传送电路,其用于响应于检测到所述第二UE接近所述第一UE,向所述第一UE传送警告以作为对所接收的接近度请求的响应。 A processing circuit, comprising: a position detecting circuit for detecting at least partially based on the first user equipment UE location information of a first wireless network (UE) and a second UE received from the first UE and It is close to the second UE; a receiver circuit for: the first UE and the second UE based on the service registration request is received from proximity; received from the first UE and the second UE UE location information; and a request received from the proximity of the first UE, wherein the request comprises a proximity notification for the second UE is approaching to the first UE via a second wireless network with the first the direct communication request to the UE; and a transmission circuit for in response to detecting the second UE is close to the first UE, the first UE to transmit a warning in response to the proximity of the received request.
12.根据权利要求11所述的处理电路,还包括: 基于接近度的服务存储器电路,其用于存储针对所述第一UE和所述第二UE的基于接近度的服务上下文数据。 12. A processing circuit as claimed in claim 11, further comprising: a memory circuit based on the proximity of the service, for the first UE and the service context data storage proximity for the second UE based.
13.根据权利要求12所述的处理电路,其中,所述接收器电路还用于从所述第一UE或所述第二UE中的至少一个接收对从基于接近度的服务撤销登记的请求,并且所述基于接近度的服务存储器电路还用于移除针对相应UE的所存储的基于接近度的服务上下文数据。 13. A processing circuit as claimed in claim 12, wherein the receiver circuit is further for receiving a request for at least one from a proximity based deregistration of the service from the first or the second UE in , and the service based on the proximity of the memory circuit is further configured to remove the service context data stored for a proximity based on the respective UE.
14.根据权利要求11所述的处理电路,其中,所述第二无线网络包括无线局域网(WLAN)或无线个域网(WPAN)中的至少一个。 14. The processing circuit according to claim 11, wherein the second wireless network comprises a wireless local area network (WLAN) or wireless personal area network (WPAN) is at least one.
15.根据权利要求14所述的处理电路,其中,所述传送电路还用于向所述第一UE传送针对所述第二UE的WLAN点对点(P2P)设备标识符。 15. The processing circuit according to claim 14, wherein said transmitting circuit further for transmitting (P2P) WLAN device identifier for the second point to the first UE UE.
16.根据权利要求11所述的处理电路,其中,所述接收器电路还用于从所述第一UE和所述第二UE接收间歇性的UE位置信息更新;其中,至少部分地基于从所述第二UE接收的多个间歇性的UE位置信息更新,所述第二UE被检测为接近所述第一UE。 16. A processing circuit as claimed in claim 11, wherein the receiver circuit is further configured to update the first UE and the UE location information received intermittently from the second UE; wherein, at least in part based on the a plurality of intermittent reception of UE location information of the second UE updates the second UE is detected as proximate to the first UE.
17.根据权利要求11所述的处理电路,其中,从所述第一UE接收的所述接近度请求和向所述第一UE传送的所述警告包括超文本传输协议(HTTP)消息。 17. The processing circuit according to claim 11, wherein the proximity of the received request from the first UE and the UE transmits to the first alert including Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) message.
18.根据权利要求11所述的处理电路,其中,从所述第一UE接收的所述接近度请求包括与所述请求相关联的时限,并且其中,响应于在与所述请求相关联的所述时限期间检测到所述第二UE接近所述第一UE,所述警告被传送至所述第一UE。 18. The processing circuit according to claim 11, wherein the proximity received from the UE requests comprising first timing associated with the request, and wherein, in response to the request associated with detecting during said second time the UE is close to the first UE, wherein the warning is transmitted to the first UE.
19.根据权利要求11所述的处理电路,其中,所述位置检测电路、所述接收器电路、和所述传送电路被包括在所述第一无线网络的演进分组核心(EPC)中的一个或多个设备中。 19. The processing circuit according to claim 11, wherein said position detecting circuit, said receiver circuit and said transmission circuit includes a first evolved packet core in the wireless network (EPC) of or more devices.
20.—种用户设备(UE)的装置,包括: 一个或多个处理器;以及待经由所述一个或多个处理器执行以进行以下操作的软件: 向无线网络的基于接近度的服务功能传送登记请求; 向所述基于接近度的服务功能传送接近度请求,所述接近度请求包括对通知第二UE何时接近所述UE以经由无线局域网(WLAN)而进行与所述第二UE的直接通信的请求; 从所述基于接近度的服务功能接收响应,所述响应包括所述第二UE接近所述UE的警告以及针对所述第二UE的WLAN点对点(P2P)设备标识符;并且使用针对所述第二UE的所述WLAN P2P标识符来建立与所述第二UE的WLAN P2P连接。 20.- species means a user equipment (UE), comprising: one or more processors; and to be via the one or more processors to execute software to perform the following operations: a wireless network based services proximity transmitting a registration request; based on proximity to the transfer function of the proximity of the service request, the proximity notification request comprises a second UE when the UE via the proximity wireless local area network (WLAN) and with the second UE the direct communication request; receiving a response from the proximity-based service function, the response of the proximity warnings comprising the UE and a second UE (P2P) a device identifier for the second peer WLAN UE; and for using said second identifier of the WLAN P2P UE to establish a connection with the WLAN P2P second UE.
21.根据权利要求20所述的装置,其中,所述软件还用于从所述基于接近度的服务功能撤销登记。 21. The apparatus according to claim 20, wherein said software further configured to de-register from the proximity-based services.
22.根据权利要求20所述的装置,其中,所述软件还用于向所述基于接近度的服务功能传送间歇性的UE位置信息更新。 22. The apparatus according to claim 20, wherein said software further configured to service said proximity function of transmitting intermittently updated based on UE location information.
23.根据权利要求20所述的装置,其中,向所述基于接近度的服务功能传送的所述接近度请求和从所述基于接近度的服务功能接收的所述响应包括超文本传输协议(HTTP)消息。 23. The apparatus according to claim 20, wherein, based on the proximity to the proximity of the service function request transmitted from the response and based on the proximity of the service function comprises receiving a hypertext transfer protocol ( HTTP) messages.
24.根据权利要求20所述的装置,其中,向所述基于接近度的服务功能传送的所述接近度请求包括与所述请求相关联的、对从所述基于接近度的服务功能接收响应的时限。 24. The apparatus according to claim 20, wherein, based on the proximity to the proximity of the service function request includes a transfer associated with the request, receiving a response from the proximity-based services time limit.
25.根据权利要求20所述的装置,其中,所述接近度请求包括对通知包括所述第二UE的多个UE中的任何一个何时接近所述UE以经由所述WLAN而进行直接通信的请求。 25. The apparatus according to claim 20, wherein the proximity includes any direct communication request when a proximity to the UE via the WLAN performs notification comprises said plurality of second UE in the UE requests.
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