CN105846452B - Kinds of intelligent self-programmable integrated module and from reactive programming - Google Patents

Kinds of intelligent self-programmable integrated module and from reactive programming Download PDF

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CN105846452B
CN105846452B CN 201610403392 CN201610403392A CN105846452B CN 105846452 B CN105846452 B CN 105846452B CN 201610403392 CN201610403392 CN 201610403392 CN 201610403392 A CN201610403392 A CN 201610403392A CN 105846452 B CN105846452 B CN 105846452B
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module
intelligent
power
reactive
integrated
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CN 201610403392
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CN105846452A (en )
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夏文
王宗臣
王新明
杨建�
钱培泉
冯国伟
王春生
夏武
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江苏现代电力科技股份有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E40/00Technologies for an efficient electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y02E40/30Reactive power compensation

Abstract

本发明公开了种可自编程的智能集成无功模块及其自编程方法,包含复合开关K、塑壳断路器QF、电力电容器C、散热风扇F以及智能组件A,智能组件A包含智能集成无功模块主控芯片M1、电源模块、配电电压、取样单元、控制模块O1、保护模块O2、显示模块O3、USB模块T1、串口通信模块T2和外部存储模块T3,智能集成低压模块内部程序被划分为两段程序:第段程序是引导程序,只实现对第二段程序的操作,占用空间小,模块出厂后无需任何更改;第二段程序是用户程序,现场只需更新用户程序实现不同的功能。 The present invention discloses a kind of self-programmable integrated intelligent reactive power module and a self-programming method, comprising the combination switch K, QF molded case circuit breakers, power capacitor C, a cooling fan F, and an intelligent component A, component A comprises intelligent intelligent integrated no control chip power module M1, power modules, the voltage distribution, a sampling unit, a control module O1, protection module O2, the display module O3, USB module Tl, T2 serial communication module and the external storage module T3, the low pressure inside the module intelligent integration program is program is divided into two sections: the first section of the program is to guide procedures, only the operation of the second stage of the procedure, a small footprint, the module factory without any change; the second stage program is a user program, the scene just update the user program to achieve different function. 这种方法无需任何额外的接线即可实现程序的升级更新,对于后期维护方便。 This method does not require any additional wiring can upgrade the update, convenient for later maintenance.

Description

一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块及其自编程方法 An integrated self-reactive module programmed intelligence and self programming

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种无功模块及其自编程方法,特别是一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块及其自编程方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a self-reactive programming module and, in particular, an intelligent self-programmable integrated module and from reactive programming.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 无功补偿,在电力供电系统中起提高电网的功率因数的作用,降低供电变压器及输送线路的损耗,提高供电效率,改善供电环境。 [0002] The reactive power compensation, in the power supply system serves to improve the power factor of the grid, reducing the loss of power transmission lines and transformer, to improve power supply efficiency, improve power supply environment. 所以无功功率补偿装置在电力供电系统中处在一个不可缺少的非常重要的位置。 Therefore, the reactive power compensation device in an indispensable very important position in the power supply system. 现有低压无功模块,现场维护不方便,现场程序更新步骤繁琐,需要通过程序烧写器才能完成程序升级。 Existing low-voltage power module, site maintenance is not convenient, on-site program updates complicated steps required to complete the upgrade program by program programmer. 而程序烧写口一般均在无功模块壳体内部,需要拆开模块外壳,连接烧写器的程序下载接口才能实现程序烧写。 Generally the port has been programmed in the module housing interior reactive, you need to disassemble the module housing, to connect the programmer writing the program download interface can be achieved. 对于配电现场成千上百台设备而言,这种升级方式极其不方便,费时费力,维护成本高。 For distribution site in terms of hundreds of thousands of devices, this upgrade is extremely inconvenient, time-consuming, high maintenance costs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是提供一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块及其自编程方法,它安全可靠,结构简单,现场维护方便。 [0003] The present invention solves the technical problem of providing an integrated self-reactive module programmed intelligence and self-programming, it is safe and reliable, simple structure, convenient on-site maintenance.

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采用的技术方案是: [0004] To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution employed in the present invention:

[0005] —种可自编程的智能集成无功模块,其特征在于:包含复合开关K、塑壳断路器QF、 电力电容器C、散热风扇F以及智能组件A,智能组件A包含智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml、电源模块、配电电压、取样单元、控制模块01、保护模块02、显示模块03、USB模块Tl、串口通信模块T2和外部存储模块T3,塑壳断路器QF输入端与三相电源连接,塑壳断路器QF输出端与复合开关K的一端连接,复合开关K的另一端与电力电容器C的一端连接,电力电容器C的另一端与地线相连接,电源模块、配电电压、取样单元、控制模块01、保护模块02、显示模块03、 USB模块T1、串口通信模块T2和外部存储模块T3分别与智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml连接, 电源模块与三相四线电源相连,将220V交流电源转换成直流24V与3.3V电源分别与散热风扇F与智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml连接从而提供电源, [0005] - a kind of self-programmable integrated intelligent reactive power module, wherein: a composite switch comprising K, QF molded case circuit breakers, power capacitor C, a cooling fan F, and an intelligent component A, component A comprises intelligent integrated intelligent reactive of Ml master chip module, power module, the voltage distribution, a sampling unit, a control module 01, the protection module 02, a display module 03, USB module Tl, T2 serial communication module and the external storage module T3, QF input and MCCB Three-phase power supply is connected, molded case circuit breaker QF output terminal connected to one end of the composite switch K, the other end of the composite switch K is connected to one end of the capacitor C of the power, the power of the capacitor C and the other end connected to ground, a power module, with voltage, sampling unit, a control module 01, the protection module 02, a display module 03, USB module Tl, T2 serial communication module and the external storage module are integrated reactive T3 module Ml is connected to the control chip intelligent power module and three-phase four is connected to the power line, converts 24V DC into 220V AC power supply and 3.3V, respectively, the integrated control chip reactive module Ml is connected to supply power to the cooling fan F and intelligence, 制模块01输入侧与主控芯片Ml 的IO 口连接,输出侧连接于复合开关K与散热风扇F,保护模块02输入侧与主控芯片Ml的IO 口连接,输出侧连接于塑壳断路器QF。 System module 01 and the input side of the control chip IO port Ml connected to the output side is connected to the cooling fan combination switch K F., The protection module 02 and the input side of the control chip IO port Ml connected to the output side is connected to MCCB QF.

[0006] 进一步地,所述取样单元包含配电电压、电流取样单元Sl、电容器电流取样单元S2 和电容器温度传感器S3,配电电压、电流取样单元Sl分别采用电压、电流传感器将强电信号转换成弱电电压信号,经过电压抬升转换成芯片取样范围内电压信号,直接接入智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml具有AD功能的IO口,电容器电流取样单元S2是电力电容器C与复合开关K的输出端之间连接线穿过电流互感器,电流互感器的输出侧经过电压抬升转换成芯片取样范围内电压信号连接于智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml具有AD功能的IO口,电容器温度传感器S3探头放置于电力电容器C内部,信号输出端与智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml的AD 功能的IO 口相连,用来实时监测电力电容器C的运行情况。 [0006] Further, the sampling unit comprises a distribution voltage, current sampling means Sl, S2 and the capacitor current sampling unit capacitor temperature sensor S3, the distribution voltage, current respectively voltage Sl sampling unit, the current sensor converts the electrical signal strength to a weak voltage signal through a voltage raising chip sampling range is converted into a voltage signal, direct access to the integrated intelligent control chip module Ml reactive functionality with AD IO port, a current sampling unit capacitor power capacitor C S2 is a composite switch K through a connecting line between the output terminal of the current transformer, the output side of the current transformer into a chip IO port is connected to a voltage signal sampling range intelligent integrated control chip module Ml reactive with AD through the voltage raising function, the capacitor temperature sensor S3 probe is placed inside the power capacitor C, and the signal output terminal IO port intelligent integration AD reactive functional module Ml is connected to the master chip, the power for real-time monitoring the operation of the capacitor C.

[0007] 进一步地,所述智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml采用STM32F105VET6芯片,其具有高精度AD采样功能,内嵌SPI以及USB硬件通信协议。 [0007] Further, the intelligent module control chip integrated reactive Ml employed STM32F105VET6 chip having a high-precision AD sampling function, and the USB hardware embedded SPI communication protocol.

[0008] 进一步地,根据应用场合不同,智能集成无功模块分为单相、三相以及分相补偿, 单相只需1路复合开关K,三相需要2路复合开关K,而分相需要完全相同的3路复合开关K。 [0008] Further, depending on the application, the intelligent module integrated into a single reactive phase, three-phase and phase compensation, only the single-phase 1 composite switch K, the three-phase requires two composite switch K, and the phase requires identical 3-way combination switch K.

[0009] 进一步地,所述显示模块03包含液晶显示器以及电容状态指示灯。 [0009] Further, the liquid crystal display device comprising a display module 03 and a capacitor status indicator.

[0010] 进一步地,所述USB模块Tl直接连接于主控芯片Ml的USB_0TG功能IO口,用来读出智能集成无功模块运行记录以及现场程序升级时程序读入,USB模块Tl中0TG_HS_VBUS0为电源线,提供USB电源,0TG_HS_DM与0TG_HS_DP为数据线完成数据交互,0TG_HS_EN控制U2的电源转换,〇TG_HS_ID为USB设备地址线,选择主从模式,智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml采取主机模式,只焊接R4,R3不用焊接或者使用智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml 口线PB12拉低。 [0010] Further, the USB module Tl is connected directly to the master chip IO port USB_0TG functions of Ml, for reading an integrated intelligent reactive power module and log the scene program upgrade program reads, as the USB module and Tl 0TG_HS_VBUS0 power line for supplying power USB, 0TG_HS_DM 0TG_HS_DP complete data interaction with the data lines, 0TG_HS_EN controlling the power conversion U2, 〇TG_HS_ID USB device address line, select primary integrated control chip module Ml reactive slave mode, take a smart host mode, welding only R4, R3 without soldering or using integrated intelligent control chip module Ml reactive PB12 port line pulled low. U2 芯片为STMPS214STR是5V到VDD电压变换器,同时也起到限制电流的作用,VDD为2-3.6V电源,典型值取3.3V,U3为PRTR5V0U2X芯片,是一种超低电容双rai 1-to-rai I ESD保护二极管,用来保护双高速数据线路或高频信号线路避免受到ESD的损坏,Ul为标准USB接口,用来连接U盘。 STMPS214STR chip U2 to VDD is 5V voltage converter, and also functions to limit current, is 2-3.6V supply VDD, typically take 3.3V, U3 is PRTR5V0U2X chip, is an ultra low capacitance bis rai 1- to-rai I ESD protection diodes, used to protect high-speed data line or dual high frequency signal line avoid ESD damage, Ul is the standard USB interface, for connecting the U disk.

[0011] 进一步地,所述外部存储模块T3采用25P16连接与连接于主控芯片Ml的SPI功能IO 口,用来存储智能集成无功模块运行记录以及临时存储智能集成无功模块升级程序。 [0011] Further, the external memory module using 25P16 T3 is connected to the control chip is connected to the SPI function Ml IO port, for storing the integrated intelligent reactive power and temporarily storing the log module integrated intelligent reactive upgrade module.

[0012] —种可编程的智能集成无功模块的自编程方法,其特征在于: [0012] - Programmable Intelligent integrated module reactive self-programming method, comprising:

[0013] 智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml内部程序被划分为两段程序:第一段程序是引导程序,只实现对第二段程序的操作,占用空间小,模块出厂后无需任何更改;第二段程序是用户程序,现场只需更新该用户程序实现程序功能的变更与升级; [0013] Reactive intelligent integrated control chip module Ml internal program is divided into two procedures: the first program is a boot procedures, only the operation of the second segment of the program, a small footprint, the module does not require any changes to the factory; the second stage program is a user program, the scene just update the user program to achieve change and upgrade program functions;

[0014] 智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml检测到USB模块Tl接入U盘并且U盘中包含程序升级文件,读取U盘中文件写入外部存储模块T3中,读写完成后在主控芯片Ml的0x807F800处写入程序更新标志,启动软复位; [0014] Reactive intelligent integrated module detects the USB control chip module Ml Tl and U U disk access disk contains upgrade file, read U disk file written to the external memory module T3, the write is completed after the main at 0x807F800 cHIP update flag Ml write procedure, starting soft reset;

[0015] 智能集成无功模块程序上电或软复位启动时检测0X807F800处是否需要更新程序,需要更新读取指定的外部FLASH内容覆盖用户程序后,跳转到用户程序,不需要更新程序直接跳转到用户程序。 [0015] After the detection of the need to update the program 0X807F800 power-on or soft reset start reactive intelligent integrated module program, to update the contents of an external FLASH user program reads the specified coverage, the user jumps to the program, does not need to update the program jumps directly go to the user program.

[0016] 进一步地,所述智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml内部程序的程序版本包含时间版本、程序类型以及硬件版本三类识别码,只有程序类型以及硬件版本完全相同的智能集成无功模块收到程序升级指令才会响应,通过检测系统中具有相同程序类型和硬件版本的所有时间版本类型,如有不同的时间版本,主机获取到系统中最新的时间版本对应的模块,主机请求最新的时间版本对应的模块通过网络口或RS485接线发出程序传输指令,对应相同程序类型以及硬件版本的模块将所收到的程序写入外部存储模块T3中,传输完成后写入程序更新标志,主机程序传输完成后下达程序复位指令,所有智能集成无功模块自动启动软件复位指令,检测是否有程序更新,做出相应处理。 [0016] Further, the intelligent control chip integrated module Ml reactive internal program version contains time program version, hardware version and a type of three program identifier, program type, and only the hardware version identical reactive intelligent integration module will respond to, all the time having the same program type and version type of the hardware version by the detection system, if different versions of time, the host system acquired the latest version of the time corresponding to the module receives an instruction program upgrade, the host requests the latest release time through the network module sends a corresponding port or RS485 connection program transfer command, the program corresponding to the same type of hardware version and the received program module written to the external memory module T3, the write transfer is complete the program update flag, the host program after the transfer is complete reset instruction issued by the program, all intelligent integration module reactive automatically start the software reset instruction, to detect whether a program update process accordingly.

[0017] 进一步地,所述U盘读取的程序文件为加密文件,将智能集成无功模块编译器生成的BIN或HEX文件,经过加密算法生成USB模块读取的特殊文件,特殊文件中包含文件解密钥匙以及加密过的智能集成无功模块程序,智能集成无功模块读取文件时读取出文件解密钥匙后用相同的加密算法将智能集成无功模块程序解密后存储到外部存储模块T3中。 [0017] Further, the program file of the U disk is read encrypted file, intelligent reactive power integrated module generated by the compiler BIN or HEX file, special file through an encryption algorithm to generate the USB module is read, the special file contains file decryption key and the encrypted program module intelligent integration reactive, reactive intelligent integration module reads the file when reading the file decryption key using the same encryption algorithm reactive intelligent integrated module the decrypted program stored in the external memory module T3 in.

[0018] 本发明与现有技术相比,具有以下优点和效果:安全可靠,后期无需任何接线,无需专业人士现场处理即可完成程序升级更新,相比传统现场程序更新,更加节约人力成本, 节约时间,不影响现场正常运行工作,同时又保证了技术文件的保密性。 [0018] The present invention over the prior art, has the following advantages and effects: safe and reliable, the latter without any wiring, no professional site treatment to complete the program updates, compared to traditional on-site program updates, and more to save labor costs, saving time, does not affect the normal operation of the site work, while ensuring the confidentiality of technical documents.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 图1是本发明的一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块的示意图。 [0019] FIG. 1 according to the present invention is a self-programmable integrated intelligent power module schematic no.

[0020] 图2是本发明的USB模块Tl的示意图。 [0020] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the USB module Tl invention.

[0021] 图3是本发明的外部存储模块T3的示意图。 [0021] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of an external storage module of the present invention, and T3.

[0022] 图4是本发明的智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml内部程序的分配示意图。 [0022] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the distribution of reactive control chip module Ml internal procedures of the present invention intelligent integration.

[0023] 图5是本发明的自编程方法的流程图。 [0023] FIG. 5 is a flowchart of the self-programming method of the present invention.

[0024] 图6是本发明的无功补偿系统的原理示意图。 [0024] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the reactive power compensation system of the principles of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0025] 下面结合附图并通过实施例对本发明作进一步的详细说明,以下实施例是对本发明的解释而本发明并不局限于以下实施例。 [0025] The following Examples and accompanying drawings further illustrate the present invention in detail, the following Examples are intended to explain the present invention and the present invention is not limited to the following embodiments.

[0026] 如图所示,本发明的可自编程的智能集成无功模块,包含复合开关K、塑壳断路器QF、电力电容器C、散热风扇F以及智能组件A,智能组件A包含智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml、电源模块、配电电压、取样单元、控制模块01、保护模块02、显示模块03、USB模块Tl、串口通信模块T2和外部存储模块T3,塑壳断路器QF输入端与三相电源连接,塑壳断路器QF输出端与复合开关K的一端连接,复合开关K的另一端与电力电容器C的一端连接,电力电容器C 的另一端与地线相连接,电源模块、配电电压、取样单元、控制模块01、保护模块02、显示模块03、USB模块Tl、串口通信模块T2和外部存储模块T3分别与智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml 连接,电源模块与三相四线电源相连,将220V交流电源转换成直流24V与3.3V电源分别与散热风扇F与智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml连接从而提供电源, [0026] As shown, the smart self-programmable integrated present invention reactive module, comprising the combination switch K, QF molded case circuit breakers, power capacitor C, a cooling fan F, and an intelligent component A, component A comprises intelligent intelligent integrated reactive of Ml main chip module, power module, the voltage distribution, a sampling unit, a control module 01, the protection module 02, a display 03, USB module Tl, T2 serial communication module and the external storage module T3, molded case circuit breaker QF input module end of the three phase power supply is connected, molded case circuit breaker QF output terminal connected to one end of the composite switch K, the other end of the composite switch K is connected to one end of the capacitor C of the power, the power of the capacitor C and the other end connected to ground, the power supply module , the voltage distribution, a sampling unit, a control module 01, the protection module 02, a display module 03, USB module Tl, T2 serial communication module and the external storage module are integrated reactive T3 module Ml is connected to the control chip intelligent power module with three phase four-wire power source, converts 24V DC into 220V AC power supply and 3.3V, respectively, the integrated control chip reactive module Ml is connected to supply power to the cooling fan F and intelligence, UA、UB、UC任意一相有电智能集成无功模块可正常工作,控制模块01输入侧与主控芯片Ml的IO 口连接,输出侧连接于复合开关K与散热风扇F,控制模块01可以根据主控芯片Ml的指令吸合或关断复合开关K,启动或停止散热风扇F。 UA, UB, UC any one phase reactive electric intelligent integrated module can work normally, the control module 01 and the input side of the control chip IO port Ml connected to the output side is connected to the cooling fan combination switch K F., The control module 01 can the master chip Ml instructions or pull off the combination switch K, start or stop the cooling fan F. 保护模块02输入侧与主控芯片Ml的IO 口连接,输出侧连接于塑壳断路器QF。 The protection module 02 and the input side of the control chip IO port Ml connected to an output side connected to the molded case circuit breaker QF. 当发生不可恢复的故障时,智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml发出指令切除塑壳断路器QF, 将故障隔离,以防引起二次故障。 When the fault unrecoverable, intelligent module control chip integrated reactive Ml instructs removal of molded case circuit breaker QF, fault isolation to avoid the danger of secondary failure. 若发生可恢复故障时智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml只关断复合开关K,退运电力电容器C,当故障恢复后,继续根据负荷情况工作。 If recoverable failure reactive intelligent integrated control chip module Ml composite switch off only K, the power returned a capacitor C, when the fault recovery, proceed in accordance with the load situation.

[0027] 所述取样单元包含配电电压、电流取样单元S1、电容器电流取样单元S2和电容器温度传感器S3,配电电压、电流取样单元Sl分别采用电压、电流传感器将强电信号转换成弱电电压信号,经过电压抬升转换成芯片取样范围内电压信号,直接接入智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml具有AD功能的IO 口,配电数据采用交流采样技术,以每一周期内取128点数据为例。 [0027] The sampling unit comprises a distribution voltage, current sampling units S1, S2 and the capacitor current sampling unit capacitor temperature sensor S3, the distribution voltage, current respectively voltage Sl sampling unit, the current sensor converts the electrical signals into strong weak voltage signal, after raising the voltage range is converted into a voltage signal sampling chip, direct access to the integrated intelligent reactive power control chip module Ml IO port having a function in AD, AC power distribution data sampling techniques to fetch the data for 128 dots per cycle Example.

Figure CN105846452BD00061

Figure CN105846452BD00071

[0033] 电容器电流取样单元S2是电力电容器C与复合开关K的输出端之间连接线穿过电流互感器,电流互感器的输出侧经过电压抬升转换成芯片取样范围内电压信号连接于智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml具有AD功能的IO 口。 [0033] The capacitor current sampling unit S2 is connected between the output terminal of the power line and the capacitor C through the switch K complex current transformer, the output side of the current transformer is converted into a voltage signal sampling range chip is connected to a intelligent integrated through the voltage raising reactive master chip module Ml IO port having a function of AD.

[0034] 电容器温度传感器S3探头放置于电力电容器C内部,信号输出端与智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml的AD功能的IO 口相连,用来实时监测电力电容器C的运行情况。 [0034] The temperature sensor S3 capacitor probe is placed inside the power capacitor C, and the signal output terminal IO port intelligent integration AD reactive functional module Ml is connected to the master chip, the power for real-time monitoring the operation of the capacitor C.

[0035] 智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml采用STM32F105VET6芯片,其具有高精度AD采样功能,内嵌SPI以及USB硬件通信协议。 [0035] Reactive intelligent integrated control chip module Ml employed STM32F105VET6 chip having a high-precision AD sampling function, and the USB hardware embedded SPI communication protocol. 同时该芯片内FLASH存储器具有电可擦除的特点,在程序运行过程中可以对FLASH存储器的数据或程序进行更新。 While the FLASH memory chip having an electrically erasable characteristics, the program is running may be updated data or program FLASH memory. 智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml 根据现场无功负荷、电压大小以及功率因数的变化情况,吸合或关断复合开关K,从而投运或退运电力电容器C,保证功率因数处于合格范围内。 Reactive intelligent integrated control chip module according Ml site reactive load changes, the magnitude of the voltage and power factor, or pull off the combination switch K, the power returned or put into operation so that a capacitor C, to ensure that the power factor in the range of qualified .

[0036] 根据应用场合不同,智能集成无功模块分为单相、三相以及分相补偿,单相只需1 路复合开关K,三相需要2路复合开关K,而分相需要完全相同的3路复合开关K。 [0036] Depending on the application, the intelligent module integrated into a single reactive phase, three-phase and phase compensation, only the single-phase 1 composite switch K, the three-phase requires two composite switch K, and the need to exactly the same phase 3-way combination switch K.

[0037] 显示模块03包含液晶显示器以及电容状态指示灯。 [0037] The display module 03 comprises a liquid crystal display and a capacitor status indicator. 散热风扇F根据主控芯片Ml采集电容器内部温度传感器的温度启动或停止,保证电力电容器C工作于良好的环境中,延长整机使用寿命。 Collecting fan F capacitor according to the internal temperature sensor Ml temperature control chip starting or stopping work to ensure power capacitor C in a good environment, prolong the life of the machine.

[0038] USB模块Tl直接连接于主控芯片Ml的USB_0TG功能IO口,用来读出智能集成无功模块运行记录以及现场程序升级时程序读入,USB模块T1中0TG_HS_VBUS0为电源线,提供USB 电源,0TG_HS_DM与0TG_HS_DP为数据线完成数据交互,0TG_HS_EN控制U2的电源转换,0TG_ HS_ID为USB设备地址线,选择主从模式,智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml采取主机模式,只焊接R4,R3不用焊接或者使用智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml 口线PBl 2拉低。 [0038] Tl is directly connected to the USB module USB_0TG function of Ml master chip IO port for reading out the recording operation of intelligent integrated module and the reactive site when the program upgrade program reads, in 0TG_HS_VBUS0 USB module to the power supply line T1, provide USB power, 0TG_HS_DM 0TG_HS_DP completed with data interaction data lines, 0TG_HS_EN controlling the power conversion U2, 0TG_ HS_ID the USB device address lines, select primary integrated control chip module Ml reactive slave mode, take a smart host mode, only welding R4, R3 intelligent integrated without using welding or reactive control chip module Ml port lines PBl 2 down. U2芯片为STMPS214STR是5V到VDD电压变换器,同时也起到限制电流的作用,VDD为2-3.6V电源,典型值取3.3V,U3为PRTR5V0U2X芯片,是一种超低电容双rail-to-rail ESD保护二极管,用来保护双高速数据线路或高频信号线路避免受到ESD的损坏,Ul为标准USB接口,用来连接U盘。 STMPS214STR chip U2 to VDD is 5V voltage converter, and also functions to limit current, is 2-3.6V supply VDD, typically take 3.3V, U3 is PRTR5V0U2X chip, a rail-to ultra low capacitance bis -rail ESD protection diodes, used to protect high-speed data line or dual high frequency signal line avoid ESD damage, Ul is the standard USB interface, for connecting the U disk.

[0039] 外部存储模块T3采用25P16连接与连接于主控芯片Ml的SPI功能IO口,用来存储智能集成无功模块运行记录以及临时存储智能集成无功模块升级程序。 [0039] T3 using the external memory module connected to the connection 25P16 master chip SPI functionality Ml IO port, for storing log reactive intelligent integrated module and temporarily storing the integrated intelligent reactive upgrade module.

[0040] 一种可编程的智能集成无功模块的自编程方法,智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml内部程序被划分为两段程序:第一段程序是引导程序,只实现对第二段程序的操作,占用空间小,模块出厂后无需任何更改;第二段程序是用户程序,现场只需更新该用户程序实现程序功能的变更与升级;在现场无需变更任何接线,只需通过原有的接线即可将程序写入智能集成无功模块。 [0040] A programmable integrated intelligent module reactive self-programming method, reactive intelligent integrated control chip module Ml internal program is divided into two procedures: the first program is a boot procedures, only the second section operating procedures, small footprint, the module factory without any change; the second stage program is a user program, the scene just update the user program to achieve change and upgrade program functions; in the field without changing any wiring, simply by existing wiring can write a program intelligent integration reactive modules.

[0041] 智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml检测到USB模块Tl接入U盘并且U盘中包含程序升级文件,读取U盘中文件写入外部存储模块T3中,读写完成后在主控芯片Ml的0x807F800处写入程序更新标志,启动软复位; [0041] Reactive intelligent integrated module detects the USB control chip module Ml Tl and U U disk access disk contains upgrade file, read U disk file written to the external memory module T3, the write is completed after the main at 0x807F800 cHIP update flag Ml write procedure, starting soft reset;

[0042] 智能集成无功模块程序上电或软复位启动时检测0x807F800处是否需要更新程序,需要更新读取指定的外部FLASH内容覆盖用户程序后,跳转到用户程序,不需要更新程序直接跳转到用户程序。 [0042] After the detection of the need to update the program 0x807F800 power-on or soft reset start reactive intelligent integrated module program, to update the contents of an external FLASH user program reads the specified coverage, the user jumps to the program, does not need to update the program jumps directly go to the user program.

[0043] 无功补偿系统一般由控制器与智能集成无功模块通过网络口或RS485通信接线相互串联构成,如图6所示。 [0043] The reactive power compensation system consists of an integrated controller and intelligent reactive power through the network module port or RS485 communication connection in series with each other, as shown in FIG. 最简单的无功补偿系统也可以直接由智能集成无功模块通过网络口或RS485通信接线相互串联构成。 The simplest reactive power compensation system may also be integrated directly by the intelligent reactive power through the network module or RS485 communication port junction connected in series with each other.

[0044] 智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml内部程序的程序版本包含时间版本、程序类型以及硬件版本三类识别码,只有程序类型以及硬件版本完全相同的智能集成无功模块收到程序升级指令才会响应,通过检测系统中具有相同程序类型和硬件版本的所有时间版本类型, 如有不同的时间版本,主机获取到系统中最新的时间版本对应的模块,主机请求最新的时间版本对应的模块通过网络口或RS485接线发出程序传输指令,对应相同程序类型以及硬件版本的模块将所收到的程序写入外部存储模块T3中,传输完成后写入程序更新标志,主机程序传输完成后下达程序复位指令,所有智能集成无功模块自动启动软件复位指令,检测是否有程序更新,做出相应处理。 [0044] Reactive intelligent integrated control chip module Ml internal program version contains time program version, hardware version and a type of three program identifier, program type, and only the hardware version identical reactive intelligent integration module receives instruction program upgrade will respond to, all the time having the same program type and version type of the hardware version by the detection system, if different versions of time, the host system acquired the latest version of the module corresponding to the time, the time the host requests the latest version of the corresponding module transmission instruction issuing program through a network port or RS485 connection, corresponding to the same type of program modules and hardware versions of the received program written to the external memory module T3, the write program update flag transfer is completed, the host application program transfer is complete release reset instruction, all reactive intelligent integration module automatically start the software reset instruction, to detect whether a program update process accordingly.

[0045] 传统的智能集成无功模块升级需要断电拆除升级必然会影响现场的无功补偿,本方案无需断电,程序升级时智能集成无功模块正常运行工作,对现场无功补偿几乎无任何影响。 [0045] The traditional reactive intelligent integration module upgrade requires removal of off-site upgrade will definitely affect the reactive power compensation, this solution does not require power, reactive power intelligent integration module is operating normally work program to upgrade, the scene almost no reactive power compensation any impact.

[0046] U盘读取的程序文件具有技术保密性,需要做特殊处理。 [0046] U disk file having read technical confidentiality, require special handling. U盘读取的程序文件为加密文件,将智能集成无功模块编译器生成的BIN或HEX文件,经过加密算法生成USB模块读取的特殊文件,特殊文件中包含文件解密钥匙以及加密过的智能集成无功模块程序,智能集成无功模块读取文件时读取出文件解密钥匙后用相同的加密算法将智能集成无功模块程序解密后存储到外部存储模块T3中。 U disk file is read encrypted file, the reactive intelligent integration module generated by the compiler BIN or HEX file, encrypted algorithm to generate the USB module reads the special file, special file contains Smart Documents and the encrypted decryption key the integrated program modules reactive, reactive intelligent integration module integrates intelligent read program module after reactive with the same file decryption key decrypted encryption algorithm stored in the external memory module T3 when reading the file. 如此解决了技术文件的保密性,可以直接将加密后的特殊文件发给用户直接升级处理。 So to solve the confidentiality of technical documentation, can directly special encrypted files to users directly upgrade process.

[0047] 本说明书中所描述的以上内容仅仅是对本发明所作的举例说明。 Above [0047] described in the present specification is merely illustrative of the present invention is made. 本发明所属技术领域的技术人员可以对所描述的具体实施例做各种修改或补充或采用类似的方式替代,只要不偏离本发明说明书的内容或者超越本权利要求书所定义的范围,均应属于本发明的保护范围。 Those skilled in the art of the present invention may be the specific embodiments described herein make various modifications or additions, or a similar alternative embodiment, without departing from the content of the description of the present invention or exceed the scope of the claims as defined, should be It falls within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1. 一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块,其特征在于:包含复合开关K、塑壳断路器QF、电力电容器C、散热风扇F以及智能组件A,智能组件A包含智能集成无功模块主控芯片M1、电源模块、配电电压、取样单元、控制模块〇1、保护模块02、显示模块03、USB模块T1、串口通信模块T2和外部存储模块T3,塑壳断路器QF输入端与三相电源连接,塑壳断路器QF输出端与复合开关K的一端连接,复合开关K的另一端与电力电容器C的一端连接,电力电容器C的另一端与地线相连接,电源模块、配电电压、取样单元、控制模块01、保护模块02、显示模块03、 USB模块T1、串口通信模块T2和外部存储模块T3分别与智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml连接, 电源模块与三相四线电源相连,将220V交流电源转换成直流24V与3.3V电源分别与散热风扇F与智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml连接从而提供电源,控 An integrated self-reactive intelligent programming module, characterized by: a composite switch comprising K, QF molded case circuit breakers, power capacitor C, a cooling fan F, and an intelligent component A, component A comprises intelligent integrated intelligent reactive power module master chip M1, power modules, the voltage distribution, a sampling unit 〇1 control module, the protection module 02, a display module 03, USB module Tl, T2 serial communication module and the external storage module T3, QF input and MCCB Three-phase power supply is connected, molded case circuit breaker QF output terminal connected to one end of the composite switch K, the other end of the composite switch K is connected to one end of the capacitor C of the power, the power of the capacitor C and the other end connected to ground, a power module, with voltage, sampling unit, a control module 01, the protection module 02, a display module 03, USB module Tl, T2 serial communication module and the external storage module are integrated reactive T3 module Ml is connected to the control chip intelligent power module and three-phase four is connected to the power line, converts 24V DC into 220V AC power supply and 3.3V, respectively, the integrated control chip reactive module Ml is connected to supply power to the cooling fan F and intelligent control 模块01输入侧与主控芯片Ml 的IO口连接,输出侧连接于复合开关K与散热风扇F,保护模块02输入侧与主控芯片Ml的IO 口连接,输出侧连接于塑壳断路器QF。 Module 01 and the input side of the control chip IO port Ml connected to the output side is connected to the cooling fan combination switch K F., The protection module 02 and the input side of the control chip IO port Ml connected to an output side connected to the molded case circuit breaker QF .
  2. 2. 按照权利要求1所述的一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块,其特征在于:所述取样单元包含配电电压、电流取样单元S1、电容器电流取样单元S2和电容器温度传感器S3,配电电压、电流取样单元Sl分别采用电压、电流传感器将强电信号转换成弱电电压信号,经过电压抬升转换成芯片取样范围内电压信号,直接接入智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml具有AD功能的IO口,电容器电流取样单元S2是电力电容器C与复合开关K的输出端之间连接线穿过电流互感器,电流互感器的输出侧经过电压抬升转换成芯片取样范围内电压信号连接于智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml具有AD功能的IO口,电容器温度传感器S3探头放置于电力电容器C 内部,信号输出端与智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml的AD功能的IO 口相连,用来实时监测电力电容器C的运行情况。 2. claimed in claim 1, one of the self-programmable integrated intelligent reactive power module, wherein: the sampling means comprises a distribution voltage, current sampling units S1, S2 and the capacitor current sampling unit capacitor temperature sensor S3, distribution voltage, current respectively voltage Sl sampling unit, the current sensor converts the electrical signals into strong weak voltage signal is converted into a voltage signal sampling range chip voltage through the lift, direct access to the integrated intelligent control chip module Ml reactive with AD IO port function, a current sampling unit S2 is a capacitor connection line between the output of the current transformer through the capacitor C and the composite power switch K, the output side of the current transformer is converted into a voltage signal sampling range chip is connected to a voltage via lift intelligent integrated control chip module Ml reactive with AD IO port function, the capacitor temperature probe is placed inside the sensor S3 power capacitor C, a signal output terminal IO port integrated with the intelligent AD reactive functional master chip module Ml is connected with real-time monitoring of the operation of the power capacitor C.
  3. 3. 按照权利要求1所述的一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块,其特征在于:所述智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml采用STM32F105VET6芯片,其具有高精度AD采样功能,内嵌SPI以及USB硬件通信协议。 3. recited in Claim 1, the self-programmable integrated intelligent reactive power module, wherein: said intelligent reactive integrated control chip module Ml employed STM32F105VET6 chip having a high-precision AD sampling function, inline SPI and USB hardware communication protocols.
  4. 4. 按照权利要求1所述的一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块,其特征在于:根据应用场合不同,智能集成无功模块分为单相、三相以及分相补偿,单相只需1路复合开关K,三相需要2路复合开关K,而分相需要完全相同的3路复合开关K。 4. according to claim 1, one of the self-programmable integrated intelligent reactive power module, wherein: Depending on the application, the intelligent module integrated into a single reactive phase, three-phase and phase compensation, only the single-phase need one composite switch K, the three-phase requires two composite switch K, and the required phase identical 3-way combination switch K.
  5. 5. 按照权利要求1所述的一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块,其特征在于:所述显示模块03包含液晶显示器以及电容状态指示灯。 5. according to claim 1, one of the self-programmable integrated intelligent reactive power module, wherein: the display module comprises a liquid crystal display device 03 and a capacitor status indicator.
  6. 6. 按照权利要求1所述的一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块,其特征在于:所述USB模块Tl直接连接于主控芯片Ml的USB_0TG功能IO口,用来读出智能集成无功模块运行记录以及现场程序升级时程序读入,USB模块Tl中0TG_HS_VBUS0为电源线,提供USB电源,0TG_HS_ DM与0TG_HS_DP为数据线完成数据交互,0TG_HS_EN控制U2的电源转换,0TG_HS_ID为USB设备地址线,选择主从模式,智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml采取主机模式,只焊接R4,R3不用焊接或者使用智能集成无功模块主控芯片Ml 口线TO12拉低,U2芯片为STMPS214STR是5V到VDD电压变换器,同时也起到限制电流的作用,VDD为2-3.6V电源,U3为PRTR5V0U2X芯片,是一种超低电容双rail-to-rail ESD保护二极管,用来保护双高速数据线路或高频信号线路避免受到ESD的损坏,Ul为标准USB接口,用来连接U盘。 6. According to one of claim 1 self-programmable integrated intelligent reactive power module as claimed in claim, wherein: said USB module Tl is connected directly to the master chip Ml USB_0TG function IO port for reading out the non-intelligent integrated power modules operating records and field program upgrade program reads, USB module and Tl 0TG_HS_VBUS0 for the power lines to provide USB power, 0TG_HS_ DM and 0TG_HS_DP data lines for data interaction, 0TG_HS_EN controlling power conversion U2 is, 0TG_HS_ID USB device address line selecting from the master mode integrated, intelligent reactive power control chip module Ml take host mode, only welding R4, R3 without soldering or using integrated intelligent control chip module Ml reactive TO12 port line pulled low, U2 is 5V to the chip STMPS214STR VDD voltage converter, also play a role in limiting the current, the power supply VDD is 2-3.6V, U3 is PRTR5V0U2X chip, is an ultra low capacitance dual rail-to-rail ESD protection diodes, used to protect high-speed data lines bis or high frequency signal line avoid ESD damage, Ul is the standard USB interface, for connecting the U disk.
  7. 7. 按照权利要求1所述的一种可自编程的智能集成无功模块,其特征在于:所述外部存储模块T3采用25P16连接与连接于主控芯片Ml的SPI功能IO口,用来存储智能集成无功模块运行记录以及临时存储智能集成无功模块升级程序。 According to one claim 1 7. A self-programmable integrated intelligent reactive power module as claimed in claim, wherein: said external memory function module T3 SPI-25P16 IO port connected to the control chip is connected to the Ml, for storing intelligent integrated reactive run record and temporary storage module integrated intelligent reactive module upgrades.
CN 201610403392 2016-06-08 2016-06-08 Kinds of intelligent self-programmable integrated module and from reactive programming CN105846452B (en)

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