CN105841161B - Self energy type waste incinerator - Google Patents

Self energy type waste incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105841161B
CN105841161B CN201610349793.7A CN201610349793A CN105841161B CN 105841161 B CN105841161 B CN 105841161B CN 201610349793 A CN201610349793 A CN 201610349793A CN 105841161 B CN105841161 B CN 105841161B
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China
Prior art keywords
amplifier
combustion
supporting
energy
insulating barrier
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Application number
CN201610349793.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105841161A (en
Inventor
刁景华
同建辉
王晓杰
刘存杰
申秋华
崔炳楠
王爽
嵇赟喆
同雯琼
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Sunshine Land (tianjin) Environmental Protection Engineering Co Ltd
Service Institute Of Naval University Of Engineering Pla
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Sunshine Land (tianjin) Environmental Protection Engineering Co Ltd
Service Institute Of Naval University Of Engineering Pla
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Priority to CN201610349793.7A priority Critical patent/CN105841161B/en
Publication of CN105841161A publication Critical patent/CN105841161A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/027Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment pyrolising or gasifying stage
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/08Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2202/00Combustion
    • F23G2202/10Combustion in two or more stages
    • F23G2202/102Combustion in two or more stages with supplementary heating

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of self energy type waste incinerator, including body of heater, chimney, cooling water recirculation system, feeding garbage device, fire grate, ashes collection device and dreg removing system, it is characterised by:Body of heater is arranged in portable casing, igniter, multiple self extinguishing type combustion-supportings and connected energy amplifier are provided with the circumference of lower portion of furnace body outer wall, self extinguishing type combustion-supporting and lower portion of furnace body are affixed, gas adpting flange and outlet adpting flange after handling are connected with chimney, the inwall of body of heater is provided with flame retardant coating.Advantage is:Rubbish thermal decomposition process, garbage carbonized processing and incineration treatment of garbage technique are organically incorporated in a body of heater, realize the self extinguishing type sustained combustion of rubbish;Can be by body of heater loaded in portable casing, installation is quick, movement is flexible, energy-efficient, floor space is small, processing cost is low and scope is wide, thoroughly solves the problems such as energy waste and flue gas environmental pollution in conventional Refuse Incineration Process, economic benefit, environmental benefit are notable.

Description

Self energy type waste incinerator
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of garbage disposal equipment, more particularly to a kind of self energy type waste incinerator.
Background technology
Burning method has become processing domestic waste by the advantage of volume reduction, innoxious and recycling etc. Technical way, and be widely used in countries in the world.But at present, garbage incineration technology is in city Do not promoted widely always, the problem of being primarily present is as follows:1st, municipal refuse complicated, and compare with seasonal variations Greatly, refuse thermal value is again relatively low, when handling rubbish using traditional incineration technology, it is necessary to add auxiliary fuel, cause to invest and transport Row cost remains high.2nd, traditional burning disposal addressing need to typically avoid resident's inhabitation accumulation regions, so increase garbage disposal Freight.When the 3rd, handling rubbish using traditional incineration technology, due to not abundant enough, the dust and harmful gas in flue gas of burning Body content is more, causes the discharge of fume emission especially bioxin to be unable to reach discharging standards, for the rubbish of small lot Rubbish processing, if using traditional garbage incineration process, it is necessary to put into substantial contribution at incinerator and expensive tail gas clean-up Manage in equipment.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of self energy type waste incinerator to solve technical problem present in known technology.
This self energy type waste incinerator is especially suitable for the rubbish processing to be harmless of 1~30 ton per day, and body of heater is loaded on portable case In vivo, rubbish source region can be flexibly moved to, reduces garbage transportation cost, saves man power and material, installation is simple, runs into This is extremely low.It is real as a result of self extinguishing type combustion-supporting, energy amplifier induced draught system, unique furnace binding and electric-control system Show the self extinguishing type sustained combustion of rubbish, thoroughly solve energy waste and flue gas environmental pollution in conventional Refuse Incineration Process Problem, economic benefit, environmental benefit are clearly.
The present invention is adopted the technical scheme that to solve technical problem present in known technology:
Self energy type waste incinerator, including body of heater, the chimney being arranged at the top of body of heater, cooling water recirculation system and body of heater Feeding garbage device, the fire grate installed in lower portion of furnace body, ashes collection device and the dreg removing system of side connection, its feature exist In:The body of heater is arranged in portable casing, and it is combustion-supporting that igniter, multiple self extinguishing types are provided with the circumference of lower portion of furnace body outer wall Device and the energy amplifier being connected with self extinguishing type combustion-supporting, the self extinguishing type combustion-supporting is affixed with lower portion of furnace body by fastener, Gas adpting flange and outlet adpting flange after handling are connected with the chimney, the inwall of the body of heater is provided with flame retardant coating.
The self extinguishing type combustion-supporting be by steel pipe, the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting first, combustion-supporting alloy hoop, yttrium-base heavy rare earth layer, Axial magnetic stripe, the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting second, annular magnet ring and stainless steel sleeve are formed, and are sequentially arranged between steel pipe and stainless steel sleeve The insulating barrier of combustion-supporting first, combustion-supporting alloy hoop, yttrium-base heavy rare earth layer, axial magnetic stripe, the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting second and annular magnetic Ring, the screw thread for connecting energy amplifier is formed with one end of steel pipe, and the other end of steel pipe is formed with for connecting with furnace body outer wall The screw thread connect.
The present invention can also adopt the following technical scheme that:
It is exhausted that the energy amplifier includes locknut, the insulating barrier of amplifier first, the alloy hoop of amplifier first, amplifier second Edge layer, the alloy hoop of amplifier second, the insulating barrier of amplifier the 3rd and reducing energy-gathering ring, on the isometrical portion axial direction of reducing energy-gathering ring The insulating barrier of amplifier first, the alloy hoop of amplifier first, the insulating barrier of amplifier second, amplifier second are sequentially arranged with from left to right Alloy hoop, the insulating barrier of amplifier the 3rd, the insulating barrier of amplifier first outside passes through locknut and reducing energy-gathering ring is locked.
The combustion-supporting alloy hoop uses copper alloy ring.
The alloy hoop of amplifier first and amplifier second alloy hoop uses copper alloy ring.
The present invention has the advantages and positive effects of:Because the present invention uses above-mentioned technical proposal, i.e. this self energy type rubbish Rubbish incinerator can make the reactivity oxygen of a large amount of high speeds by the self extinguishing type combustion-supporting and the energy amplifier that are arranged on lower portion of furnace body Gas is constantly poured in stove, and any oil, burning gases and combustion-supporting material need not be added after igniting, completely can with automatic continuous burning, And 1100 DEG C or so of high temperature is produced in body of heater central part, with various house refuses, hospital useless rubbish, kitchen garbage and animal corpse The rubbish such as body fully burn, and discharge amount of heat, are constantly supplied to subsequent processes.In addition, this self energy type rubbish burns Body of heater can be loaded in portable casing by burning stove when carrying out garbage disposal, and installation is quick, movement is flexible, maintenance is simple, and It is energy-efficient, floor space is small, processing cost is low, process range is wide, reduction is obvious, thoroughly solve conventional rubbish and burn Energy waste and flue gas environmental pollution during burning.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is energy amplifier of the present invention and self extinguishing type combustion-supporting assembling structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of energy amplifier of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is self extinguishing type combustion-supporting structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 A-A sectional views.
In figure:1st, chimney;2nd, valve;3rd, cooling circulating water system;4th, body of heater;5th, feeding garbage device;6th, self extinguishing type helps Burner;6-1, steel pipe;6-2, the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting first;6-3, combustion-supporting alloy hoop;6-4, yttrium-base heavy rare earth layer;6-5, axial direction Magnetic stripe;6-6, the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting second;6-7, annular magnet ring;6-8, stainless steel sleeve;7th, energy amplifier;7-1, locknut;7- 2nd, the insulating barrier of amplifier first;7-3, the alloy hoop of amplifier first;7-4, the insulating barrier of amplifier second;7-5, amplifier second closes Jin Huan;7-6, the insulating barrier of amplifier the 3rd;7-7, reducing energy-gathering ring;8th, igniter;9th, dreg removing system;10th, portable casing; 11st, gas adpting flange after handling;12nd, outlet adpting flange;13rd, flame retardant coating;14th, combustion-supporting protective cover;15th, fire grate;16th, stove Grey collector.
Embodiment
In order to further understand the content, features and effects of the present invention, hereby enumerating following examples, and coordinate accompanying drawing Describe in detail as follows:
It should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " first ", " second " etc., which do not represent order, pacifies Dress, the importance of described part is not represented yet.
Refer to Fig. 1-Fig. 5, self energy type waste incinerator, including body of heater 4, the chimney 1, the cooling water that are arranged at the top of body of heater The circulatory system 3, the feeding garbage device 5 being connected with body of heater side, the fire grate 15 installed in lower portion of furnace body, ashes collection device 16 And dreg removing system 9.The body of heater is arranged in portable casing 10, and igniter 8, more is provided with the circumference of lower portion of furnace body outer wall Individual self extinguishing type combustion-supporting 6 and the energy amplifier 7 being connected with self extinguishing type combustion-supporting, the self extinguishing type combustion-supporting by fastener with Lower portion of furnace body is affixed, and the lower portion of furnace body corresponds to self extinguishing type combustion-supporting and energy amplifier position is provided with combustion-supporting protective cover 14. Gas adpting flange 11 and outlet adpting flange 12 after handling are connected with the chimney, valve 2 is also equipped with chimney.The stove Flame retardant coating 13 is fixed with the inwall of body.
In the present embodiment, the self extinguishing type combustion-supporting 6 is closed by steel pipe 6-1, the first insulating barrier of combustion-supporting 6-2, combustion-supporting Golden ring 6-3, yttrium-base heavy rare earth layer 6-4, axial magnetic stripe 6-5, the second insulating barrier of combustion-supporting 6-6, annular magnet ring 6-7 and stainless steel sleeve 6-8 is formed, and the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting first, combustion-supporting alloy hoop, yttrium-base heavy rare earth are sequentially arranged between steel pipe and stainless steel sleeve Layer, axial magnetic stripe, the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting second and annular magnet ring, the spiral shell for connecting energy amplifier is formed with one end of steel pipe Line, the other end of steel pipe are formed with the screw thread for being connected with furnace body outer wall.
In the present embodiment, the combustion-supporting alloy hoop uses copper alloy ring.
In the present embodiment, the energy amplifier 7 includes locknut 7-1, the first insulating barrier of amplifier 7-2, amplifier first Alloy hoop 7-3, the second insulating barrier of amplifier 7-4, the second alloy hoop of amplifier 7-5, the insulating barrier 7-6 of amplifier the 3rd and reducing gather Can ring 7-7, be sequentially arranged with the insulating barrier of amplifier first, amplifier the from left to right in the axial direction in the isometrical portion of reducing energy-gathering ring One alloy hoop, the insulating barrier of amplifier second, the alloy hoop of amplifier second, the insulating barrier of amplifier the 3rd, the amplifier first are exhausted Locked on the outside of edge layer by locknut and reducing energy-gathering ring.
In the present embodiment, the alloy hoop of amplifier first (positive pole) and the alloy hoop of amplifier second (negative pole) use copper Alloy hoop.
In the present embodiment, the circumference of the lower portion of furnace body outer wall is provided with three circle self extinguishing type combustion-supportings 6 and connected Energy amplifier 7, the self extinguishing type combustion-supporting 6 communicate with lower portion of furnace body inner chamber, in self extinguishing type combustion-supporting and energy amplifier Under effect, the reactivity oxygen of a large amount of high speeds is constantly poured in stove, is fully burnt with rubbish, is discharged amount of heat, constantly It is supplied in subsequent processes.
The present invention operation principle be:
Rubbish is entered in the furnace chamber of self energy type waste incinerator by feeding garbage device 5, rubbish is lighted by igniter 8 Rubbish, the rubbish of burning are separated by flame retardant coating 13 with self energy type garbage cremator inner wall.With the continuous dispensing of rubbish in furnace chamber, The rubbish to be burnt in furnace chamber is divided into multiple energy conversions and conversion zone, is carbon upwards successively by the energy conversion coating of the bottom Change refuse burning layer, energy storage layer, carburizing reagent layer, preliminary carbonization treatment layer, thermal decomposition process layer, destructive distillation process layer, heat Resolution process layer, gasification reaction and gas burning zone, heat exchange layers, smoke evacuation and water cooling layer.The heat energy of incineration firing storage exists In the presence of self extinguishing type combustion-supporting and energy amplifier, carbon molecules is sufficiently mixed sequence with comburant, strengthen comburant carbon Molecular oxidation combustion reaction, 1100 DEG C or so of high-temperature region is produced in central part, be the follow-up decomposition for adding rubbish, reaction in stove Sufficient energy is provided with burning, ensures the system in the case of without combustion adjuvant and combustion-supporting material, continuously to rubbish Rubbish carries out complete, thoroughly harmless treatment.
Rubbish thermal decomposition process technique, garbage carbonized handling process and rubbish can be burnt using this self energy type waste incinerator Burn handling process to be organically incorporated in a body of heater, to rubbish layered shaping, combustible inorganic matter in rubbish is directly fired Burn;Oily and protein-based organic matter low temperature thermal decomposition, imflammable gas and material are produced, and discharge heat energy;Plant type organic Direct destructive distillation processing, discharges inflammable substance and gas;It is changed into the higher carbon of calorific value, incineration firing after solid organic matters carbonization The heat energy of storage makes house refuse further fully burn, released under the collective effect of self extinguishing type combustion-supporting and energy amplifier The heat put provides energy constant for rubbish subsequent treatment, and the self extinguishing type for realizing house refuse continues burning disposal.
Embodiment described in accompanying drawing of the present invention is exemplary, is only used for explaining the present invention, and it is not intended that to this The limitation of invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of self energy type waste incinerator, including body of heater, the chimney being arranged at the top of body of heater, cooling water recirculation system and stove Feeding garbage device, the fire grate installed in lower portion of furnace body, ashes collection device and the dreg removing system of body side connection, its feature exist In:The body of heater is arranged in portable casing, and it is combustion-supporting that igniter, multiple self extinguishing types are provided with the circumference of lower portion of furnace body outer wall Device and the energy amplifier being connected with self extinguishing type combustion-supporting, the self extinguishing type combustion-supporting is affixed with lower portion of furnace body by fastener, Gas adpting flange and outlet adpting flange after handling are connected with the chimney, the inwall of the body of heater is provided with flame retardant coating;
The self extinguishing type combustion-supporting is by steel pipe, the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting first, combustion-supporting alloy hoop, yttrium-base heavy rare earth layer, axial direction Magnetic stripe, the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting second, annular magnet ring and stainless steel sleeve are formed, and are sequentially arranged between steel pipe and stainless steel sleeve combustion-supporting The insulating barrier of device first, combustion-supporting alloy hoop, yttrium-base heavy rare earth layer, axial magnetic stripe, the insulating barrier of combustion-supporting second and annular magnet ring, One end of steel pipe is formed with the screw thread for connecting energy amplifier, and the other end of steel pipe is formed with the spiral shell for being connected with furnace body outer wall Line.
2. self energy type waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The energy amplifier include locknut, The insulating barrier of amplifier first, the alloy hoop of amplifier first, the insulating barrier of amplifier second, the alloy hoop of amplifier second, amplifier Three insulating barriers and reducing energy-gathering ring, on the isometrical portion axial direction of reducing energy-gathering ring being sequentially arranged with amplifier first from left to right insulate Layer, the alloy hoop of amplifier first, the insulating barrier of amplifier second, the alloy hoop of amplifier second, the insulating barrier of amplifier the 3rd, it is described to put Locked on the outside of the big insulating barrier of device first by locknut and reducing energy-gathering ring.
3. self energy type waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The combustion-supporting alloy hoop is closed using copper Jin Huan.
4. self energy type waste incinerator according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The alloy hoop of amplifier first and put The big alloy hoop of device second uses copper alloy ring.
CN201610349793.7A 2016-05-24 2016-05-24 Self energy type waste incinerator Active CN105841161B (en)

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CN105841161B true CN105841161B (en) 2017-11-24

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4327958C1 (en) * 1993-08-19 1994-11-17 Ppv Verwaltungs Ag Process and apparatus for recycling waste containing plastic and/or organic material
CN102032580A (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-04-27 姜翔龙 Solid waste digestion furnace
CN202660559U (en) * 2012-07-13 2013-01-09 谭建军 Novel flow waste incinerator
CN202709118U (en) * 2012-06-04 2013-01-30 遵化市斗星环保能源设备有限公司 Magnetizing energy generator
CN203393097U (en) * 2013-05-06 2014-01-15 廊坊三利木业有限公司 Garbage carbonizing and pyrolyzing furnace
CN206176389U (en) * 2016-05-24 2017-05-17 阳光大地(天津)环保工程有限公司 Self energy type waste incinerator

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4327958C1 (en) * 1993-08-19 1994-11-17 Ppv Verwaltungs Ag Process and apparatus for recycling waste containing plastic and/or organic material
CN102032580A (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-04-27 姜翔龙 Solid waste digestion furnace
CN202709118U (en) * 2012-06-04 2013-01-30 遵化市斗星环保能源设备有限公司 Magnetizing energy generator
CN202660559U (en) * 2012-07-13 2013-01-09 谭建军 Novel flow waste incinerator
CN203393097U (en) * 2013-05-06 2014-01-15 廊坊三利木业有限公司 Garbage carbonizing and pyrolyzing furnace
CN206176389U (en) * 2016-05-24 2017-05-17 阳光大地(天津)环保工程有限公司 Self energy type waste incinerator

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