CN105835745A - Self-loading and self-unloading molten aluminum ladle transportation vehicle - Google Patents

Self-loading and self-unloading molten aluminum ladle transportation vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105835745A
CN105835745A CN201610292913.4A CN201610292913A CN105835745A CN 105835745 A CN105835745 A CN 105835745A CN 201610292913 A CN201610292913 A CN 201610292913A CN 105835745 A CN105835745 A CN 105835745A
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
oil
control valve
self
actuator port
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CN201610292913.4A
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CN105835745B (en
Inventor
张洪建
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Shandong Energy Heavy Equipment Manufacturing Group Taizhuang Engineering Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Shandong Energy Heavy Equipment Manufacturing Group Taizhuang Engineering Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/02Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading with parallel up-and-down movement of load supporting or containing element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/44Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading having a loading platform thereon raising the load to the level of the load-transporting element
    • B60P1/4414Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading having a loading platform thereon raising the load to the level of the load-transporting element and keeping the loading platform parallel to the ground when raising the load

Abstract

The invention discloses a self-loading and self-unloading molten aluminum ladle transportation vehicle. The transportation vehicle comprises a front frame, a rear frame, a lifting device, a hydraulic system and a driven suspension device. The front frame and the rear frame are movably connected, the lifting device is located on the rear frame, and the driven suspension device is located below the rear frame. The lifting device comprises a lifting frame and two lifting oil cylinders, the rear frame and the lifting frame are movably connected through four rocker arms, the two ends of each lifting oil cylinder are movably connected with the rear frame and the lifting frame respectively, and the lifting oil cylinders are obliquely arranged. The transportation vehicle has the self-loading and self-unloading functions, loading and unloading can be completed without assistance of other hoisting equipment, the automation level is high, safety is high, and operation cost is low.

Description

A kind of Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to aluminum electrolysis industry equipment technology field of transport, in particular to a kind of Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle.
Background technology
During Aluminum Electrolysis Production, the transhipment of high-temperature liquid state aluminum water bag generally uses special aluminum water bag flat car to transport, at potroom, by the crane of potroom, the aluminum water bag filling aluminum water is directly lifted on the horizontal wooden handcart of special aluminum, it is transported to pour into a mould behind place, then aluminum water bag is sling work such as carrying out cast by the crane in cast place.Whole work process includes that sky aluminum water bag lands and inhales aluminum from electrolysis bath negative pressure after aluminum water bag is sling and fill the bag of aluminum water and hang playback and put and land lifting and be placed on Special flat truck and transport appointed place and be lifted into landing position cast aluminum water bag of slinging and return to landing position for empty bag-like state and be lifted on Special flat truck and return to potroom.During whole, aluminum water bag must repeatedly land, and repeatedly lifts, intricate operation, poor safety performance.Additionally, expansion along with aluminum electrolysis industry scale, the reinforcement of technological innovation, the liquid aluminium water yield that Aluminum Electrolysis Production goes out the most significantly increases, small-sized aluminum water bag does not the most adapt to the demand of transportation in assembled state, the capacity requiring aluminum water bag must constantly increase, and overall weight increases the most accordingly, it is desirable to the bearing capacity of haulage vehicle must strengthen.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle, and the transport vehicle of the present invention has Self-loading & self-unloading function, need not during handling use other hanging devices to assist, automatization level is high, and security performance is good, and operating cost is low.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle, including front frame, Rear frame, lifting device, hydraulic system and driven suspension arrangement, described front frame and Rear frame are flexibly connected, described lifting device is positioned in Rear frame, described driven suspension arrangement is positioned at below Rear frame, described lifting device includes hoisting frame and 2 lift cylinders, it is flexibly connected by 4 rocking arms between described Rear frame and hoisting frame, the two ends of described lift cylinder are flexibly connected with Rear frame and hoisting frame respectively, and described lift cylinder is obliquely installed.
Further, 2 rocking arms are symmetricly set on one end of hoisting frame, and for front arm, other 2 described rocking arms are symmetricly set on the other end of hoisting frame, are flexibly connected with described hoisting frame by bearing pin for rear arm, described lift cylinder and front arm.
Further, described Rear frame is provided with lifting and connects seat, and described front arm is connected seat flexible connection with promoting.
Further, described Rear frame is provided with elastic spacing block, and when described hoisting frame rises to extreme higher position, hoisting frame offsets with elastic spacing block.
Further, being additionally provided with 2 steering cylinders, respectively left steering oil cylinder and right turn oil cylinder between described front frame and Rear frame, described hydraulic system includes that valve is handled in the first oil pump, turning gradient control valve, steering gear and lifting,
The inlet port of described first oil pump is connected with fuel tank, and the described actuator port of the first oil pump is connected with the oil-in of turning gradient control valve;
First actuator port of described turning gradient control valve connects the actuator port of steering gear, guide's hydraulic fluid port of turning gradient control valve connects guide's hydraulic fluid port of steering gear, second actuator port of turning gradient control valve connects the oil-in promoting manipulation valve, and the oil return opening of turning gradient control valve connects fuel tank;
Steering cylinder on the right side of the right actuator port connection of described steering gear, the steering cylinder on the left of the left actuator port connection of steering gear, the oil return opening of steering gear connects fuel tank;
Promoting the actuator port connection lift cylinder handling valve, the oil return opening promoting manipulation valve connects fuel tank.
Further, described hydraulic system also includes the second oil pump, working oil path pilot operated valve device and hand control valve,
The oil-in of described second oil pump is connected with fuel tank, and the actuator port of the second oil pump is connected with the oil-in controlling mouth and hand control valve of working oil path pilot operated valve device;
The oil-in of working oil path pilot operated valve device is connected with the second actuator port of turning gradient control valve, and the actuator port of working oil path pilot operated valve device is connected with the described oil-in promoting manipulation valve, and the oil return opening of working oil path pilot operated valve device connects fuel tank;
The oil return opening of described hand control valve connects fuel tank.
Further, described hydraulic system also includes stroke control valve and protection oil cylinder,
The oil-in of described stroke control valve with promote handle valve actuator port is connected, the actuator port of stroke control valve with protect oil cylinder the first actuator port be connected, the oil return opening of stroke control valve be connected fuel tank;
First actuator port and second actuator port of described protection oil cylinder connect fuel tank respectively.
Further, one end of hoisting frame is provided with block, and described stroke control valve is arranged in Rear frame, and when described hoisting frame rises to extreme higher position, block offsets with the valve rod of stroke control valve.
Further, described driven suspension arrangement includes driven vehicle bridge support shaft, casing, wheel shaft, wheel hub and wheel, described support shaft is fixing with Rear frame to be connected, described casing is 2, and it is flexibly connected with the two ends of support shaft respectively, described wheel is arranged on casing by wheel shaft and wheel hub, and the wheel being positioned at Rear frame the same side is symmetrical arranged about support shaft.
Further, described driven suspension arrangement also includes that stop nut, described stop nut are arranged on the two ends of support shaft, and described casing is between Rear frame and stop nut.
Beneficial effects of the present invention is as follows:
1, the lifting device of the present invention uses double four-bar linkage structure, it is possible to realizing parallel lifting, parallel landing, bearing capacity is big, stable movement, reliable operation, simple in construction;
2, the hydraulic system of the present invention is provided with working oil path pilot operated valve device and hand control valve, eliminates the generation of the security incident that operator encounters control valve because of maloperation or imprudence and causes;
3, this busy hydraulic system is provided with stroke control valve and protection oil cylinder, when elevated object arrives setting position, it is possible to automatically drive protection oil cylinder and safety device, reach security protection state, realize function of safety protection, improve the security performance of driver behavior person;
4, the driven suspension arrangement of the present invention support shaft is set and casing be articulated and connected, independently installed, in vehicle operation when running into uneven road surface, it is possible to independently overcome or reduce because of road injustice cause to vehicular impact.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the transport vehicle overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the body frame structure for automotive schematic top plan view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the lifting device structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the hydraulic system structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the driven suspension arrangement structural representation of the present invention.
nullIn figure: 1 front frame,11 front beams,12 front beams,13 front longitudinals,14 rockers,15 rocker bearings,2 linkworks,Articulated slab before 21,Articulated slab after 22,3 Rear frame,31 rear cross beams,32 rear cross beams,33 floor side members,34 promote connection seat,35 lift cylinder support shafts,36 driven vehicle bridge support shafts,37 web beams,38 elastic spacing blocks,4 lifting devices,41 hoisting frames,42 lift cylinders,43 front arms,44 rear arms,45 blocks,51 fuel tanks,52 first oil pumps,53 second oil pumps,54 turning gradient control valves,55 steering gears,56 steering cylinders,57 working oil path pilot operated valve device,58 hand control valves,59 promote manipulation valve,510 stroke control valves,511 protection oil cylinders,512 bidirectional hydraulic locks,513 protective plates,6 driven suspension arrangements,61 casings,62 wheel shafts,63 wheel hubs,64 wheels,65 stop nuts,7 aluminum water bags,71 aluminum water bag framves,P oil-in,CF actuator port,EF actuator port,LS guide's hydraulic fluid port,The left actuator port of L,The right actuator port of R,K controls mouth,A actuator port,B actuator port,T oil return opening.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those skilled in the art be more fully understood that technical scheme; accompanying drawing below in conjunction with the present invention; technical scheme is carried out clear, complete description; based on the embodiment in the application; other similar embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained on the premise of not making creative work, all should belong to the scope of the application protection.
Embodiment one:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle, including front frame, driver's cabin, Rear frame, lifting device, hydraulic system and driven suspension arrangement, described front frame and Rear frame are flexibly connected, and described lifting device is positioned in Rear frame, and described driven suspension arrangement is positioned at below Rear frame, transport vehicle also includes the driver parts such as front vehicle wheel, electromotor, fluid coupling, these driver parts are positioned in front frame, and driver part is prior art, is not described in detail in this.
As shown in Figure 2, described front frame 1 and Rear frame 3 are connected by linkwork 2, described front frame includes 2 front longitudinals 13, front beam 11 and front beam 12, rocker 14 and 2 rocker bearings 15, described front longitudinal 13 is box, 2 front longitudinals 13 and 2 front beam composition rectangular frames, front beam 12 near Rear frame is box, the two ends of rocker bearing 15 are fixing with 2 front longitudinals 13 respectively to be connected, rocker bearing 15 is positioned at the lower section of rectangular frame, rocker 14 be respectively arranged at two ends with engaging lug, 2 engaging lugs are hinged with 2 rocker bearings 15 respectively.At vehicle through uneven road surface, it is likely to result in one of them wheel hanging, causes vehicle frame to bear twisting resistance deformation in such cases, owing to rocker 14 is positioned on the centrage of car load, by the swing of rocker 14, the twisting resistance suffered by vehicle frame can be eliminated, it is to avoid frame distortion.Described Rear frame includes that 2 floor side members 33 and rear cross beam 31, rear cross beam 32, described floor side member 33, rear cross beam 31 and rear cross beam 32 are respectively box, 2 floor side members 33 and 2 rear cross beam composition " work " shape frameworks.Described Rear frame 3 also includes promoting connection seat 34, and described lifting connection seat 34 is fixing with the rear cross beam 31 of close front frame 1 to be connected, and lifting connection seat 34 is positioned at the side that rear cross beam 31 is connected with floor side member 33.Described Rear frame 3 also includes lift cylinder support shaft 35, is used for installing lift cylinder 42, and described lift cylinder support shaft 35 is parallel with rear cross beam 31, and fixing with 2 floor side members 33 is connected.Described Rear frame 3 also includes driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36, is used for installing driven suspension arrangement 6, and described driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36 is parallel with rear cross beam 31, and fixing with 2 floor side members 33 is connected.Described Rear frame 3 also includes 3 web beams 37, and the two ends of described web beam 37 are fixing with described floor side member 33 respectively to be connected.Lift cylinder support shaft 35 and driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36 lay respectively between web beam 37, to ensure the stationarity of vehicle frame and to improve bearing capacity, described linkwork 2 includes 2 front articulated slabs 21, rear articulated slab 22 and bearing pin, described front articulated slab 21 is fixing with front frame to be connected, described rear articulated slab 22 is fixing with Rear frame to be connected, described rear articulated slab 22 connects between 2 front articulated slabs 21 and by bearing pin, and this set can improve the torsion capacity of vehicle frame.Front frame 1 mainly carries complete machine power set, driving and manipulation device, front wheel driving vehicle bridge and piece attachments device etc.;Rear frame 3 is driven vehicle bridge, lift cylinder support shaft, lifting system link supports seat, rear etc. after can carrying.The longitudinal and cross beam partial replacement of front truck 1 and Rear frame 3 is box Welding Structure by the present invention, hence it is evident that improves the bearing capacity that vehicle frame is overall, simplifies the processing technology of vehicle frame.
As shown in Figure 3, lifting device includes hoisting frame 41 and 2 lift cylinders 42, it is flexibly connected by 4 rocking arms between Rear frame 3 and hoisting frame 41, the two ends of described lift cylinder 42 are flexibly connected with Rear frame 3 and hoisting frame 41 respectively, 2 lift cylinders 42 are flexibly connected with Rear frame 3 commonly through lift cylinder support shaft 35, and described lift cylinder 42 is obliquely installed.This lifting device uses double oil cylinder to promote form, is effectively improved the robust motion of hoisting frame 41 in lifting process.2 front arms 43 are symmetricly set on one end of hoisting frame 41, and other 2 rear arms 44 are symmetricly set on the other end of hoisting frame 41.Described lift cylinder 42 and front arm 43 are flexibly connected with described hoisting frame 41 by same bearing pin.The side that rear cross beam 31 is relative with hoisting frame 41 is provided with elastic spacing block 38, and when described hoisting frame 41 rises to extreme higher position, described elastic spacing block 38 offsets with hoisting frame 41.The side that described rear cross beam 31 is relative with hoisting frame 41 is provided with 2 and promotes connection seat 34, and described front arm 43 is connected the connection of seat 34 bearing pin with promoting.2 front arms 43 and 2 lift cylinders 42 are connected by same bearing pin, and the other end of 2 lift cylinders 42 is connected by lift cylinder support shaft 35, is thusly-formed four-bar linkage structure.The width of front arm 43 is more than the width of rear arm 44, and front and back rocking arm arrangement uses front narrow form wide, rear, reduces hoisting frame 41 amount of vacillating now to the left, now to the right, is effectively improved the operating stability of vehicle.This lifting device uses double double leval jib forms of motion, it is possible to realizing parallel lifting, parallel landing, bearing capacity is big, stable movement, reliable operation, simple in construction.
When lifting device is in original state, lift cylinder 42 does not extends out, lift cylinder 42 is in short status, hoisting frame 41 is in extreme lower position, now can high temperature aluminum water bag 7 be placed on above hoisting frame 41, then lift cylinder 42 is started, lifting device starts lifting process, lift cylinder 42 gradually stretches out, the thrust of lift cylinder 42 is on the bearing pin that front arm 43 and lift cylinder 42 share, under lift cylinder 42 thrust, bearing pin drives front arm 43 to be swung by front arm, drive and move on hoisting frame 41, rear arm 44 is under hoisting frame 41 drives simultaneously, the lower end bearing pin motion around rear arm 44 lower end, the upper end bearing pin around rear arm 44 upper end swings.Whole process lift cylinder 42 constantly stretches out, and hoisting frame 41 the most constantly raises.When lift cylinder 42 all stretches out, front arm 43, rear arm 44 reaches maximum pendulum angle, hoisting frame 41 arrives final position, hoisting frame 41 is anterior and spacing block rubber 13 contacts and spacing, one end of hoisting frame 41 is provided with block, rear cross beam 31 is provided with formation control valve 510, when hoisting frame 41 rises to extreme higher position, block 45 on hoisting frame 41 acts on the valve rod of Stroke Control 510, complete lifting device lifting process, Rear frame 3 front portion arranges elastic spacing block 38, hoisting frame 41 rises to rely on elastic spacing block 38 during highest position, enhance the bearing stability of hoisting frame 41, improve the functional reliability of lifting device.During lifting device landing (return), lift cylinder 42 is gradually shortened, and lift cylinder 42 pulling force acts on bearing pin, under lift cylinder 42 pulling force effect, front arm 43 backswing, drives hoisting frame 41 to move down, simultaneously rear arm 44 backswing under hoisting frame 41 drives.Whole process lift cylinder 42 constantly shortens, and hoisting frame 41 the most constantly reduces, until lift cylinder 42 arrives the shortest position, hoisting frame 41 arrives minimum initial position.When described hoisting frame 41 rises to extreme higher position, front arm 43 and rear arm 44 are perpendicular to the ground, to reduce the lift cylinder 42 stress in transportation, extend the service life of lift cylinder 42.
As shown in Figure 4, hydraulic system includes first oil pump the 52, second oil pump 53, turning gradient control valve 54, steering gear 55, working oil path pilot operated valve device 57, hand control valve 58, promotes and handle valve 59, stroke control valve 510 and protection oil cylinder 511.
The inlet port of described first oil pump 52 is connected with fuel tank 51, and the described actuator port of the first oil pump 52 is connected with the oil inlet P of turning gradient control valve 54;
The actuator port CF of described turning gradient control valve 54 connects the actuator port CF of steering gear 55, and the guide hydraulic fluid port LS of turning gradient control valve 54 connects the guide hydraulic fluid port LS of steering gear 55, and the oil return inlet T of turning gradient control valve 54 connects fuel tank 51;Have employed turning gradient control valve 54 in the steering system, it is possible to realizing Vehicular turn flexible, radius of turn is little, handles light, car load runs maneuverability;
Steering cylinder 56 on the right side of the right actuator port R connection of described steering gear 55, the steering cylinder 56 on the left of the left actuator port L connection of steering gear 55, the oil return inlet T of steering gear 55 connects fuel tank 51;
The oil-in of described second oil pump 53 is connected with fuel tank 51, and the actuator port of the second oil pump 53 is connected with the control mouth K of working oil path pilot operated valve device 57 and the oil inlet P of hand control valve 58;
The oil inlet P of working oil path pilot operated valve device 57 is connected with the actuator port EF of turning gradient control valve 54, and the actuator port A of working oil path pilot operated valve device 57 is connected with the described oil-in promoting manipulation valve 59, and the oil return inlet T of working oil path pilot operated valve device 57 connects fuel tank 51;
The oil return inlet T of described hand control valve 58 connects fuel tank 51;
The described actuator port promoting manipulation valve 59 includes actuator port A and actuator port B, and the actuator port A promoting manipulation valve 59 is connected with the oil inlet P of stroke control valve 510, promotes the oil return inlet T connection fuel tank 51 handling valve 59;
The actuator port A of stroke control valve 510 and protection oil cylinder 511 actuator port A be connected, the oil return inlet T of stroke control valve 510 be connected fuel tank 51;
The actuator port A and actuator port B of described protection oil cylinder 511 connect fuel tank 51 respectively;
Described hydraulic system also includes bidirectional hydraulic lock 512, described bidirectional hydraulic lock 512 is fixing with lift cylinder 42 to be connected, the actuator port A promoting manipulation valve 59 is connected with one of them bidirectional hydraulic lock 512, and the actuator port B promoting manipulation valve 59 is connected with another bidirectional hydraulic lock 512.
During hydraulic work system, the high pressure liquid force feed of the first oil pump 52 output is transported to the P mouth of turning gradient control valve 54 by fluid pressure line, is made a slip of the tongue T mouth oil sump tank 51 through the P of working oil path pilot operated valve device 57 by the EF mouth of turning gradient control valve 54;When Vehicular turn, controlled by the LS of steering gear 55, make the output oil preferential supply steering gear 55 of the first oil pump 52, preferentially meet Vehicular turn, thus reduce transport vehicle turning radius.
The duty of lift cylinder 42 drives working oil path pilot operated valve device 57 to realize by handling hand control valve 58, when lift cylinder 42 need not work, the hydraulic oil manually direct oil sump tank 51 of control valve 58 of the second oil pump 53 output, the hydraulic oil of the EF mouth output of turning gradient control valve 54 is by the direct oil sump tank 51 of working oil path pilot operated valve device 57, lift cylinder 42 does not works, lifting manipulation valve 59 is when maloperation or imprudence are encountered, and lift cylinder 42 does not has action;When lift cylinder 42 needs work, the hydraulic oil of the second oil pump 53 output replaces by handling hand control valve 58, force the K mouth making hydraulic oil enter working oil path pilot operated valve device 57, working oil path pilot operated valve device 57 is driven to replace, the hydraulic oil of the EF mouth output of turning gradient control valve 54 enters to promote by working oil path pilot operated valve device 57 handles valve 59, handling lifting manipulation valve 59 and can control hydraulic oil entrance lift cylinder 42, drive system promotes and landing;When the system of lifting arrives setting position, opening travel control valve 510, hydraulic oil enters protection oil cylinder 511 and drives oil cylinder to extend, and drives protective plate 513 to implement safeguard function.When lifting system leaves setting position, driving stroke control valve 510 to reset, oil sump tank 51 connected by protection oil cylinder 511 hydraulic oil, and protection oil cylinder 511 resets, and releases safeguard function.
Bidirectional hydraulic lock 512 is rigidly connected with lift cylinder 42, bidirectional hydraulic lock 512 only can open work under Stress control simultaneously, and when outside oil feed line damages, the internal fluid of lift cylinder 42 can not form circulation, lift cylinder 42 will not action voluntarily, it is ensured that promote security of system.
As it is shown in figure 1, protection oil cylinder 511 is vertically mounted on the crossbeam 31 of Rear frame 3, one end of protection oil cylinder 511 is connected with protective plate 513 by bearing pin, and protective plate 513 is inner panel and outside plate The structure of suit; inner panel is fixedly connected on rear cross beam 31; when high temperature aluminum water bag 7 is raised to highest position by lifting device, protection oil cylinder 511 stretches out and drives the outside plate of protective plate 513 to raise, and driver's cabin can be played a protective role by the protective plate 513 after rising.
As shown in Figure 5, driven suspension arrangement includes driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36, casing 61, wheel shaft 62, wheel hub 63, wheel 64 and caging bolt 65, described driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36 is welded as a whole with Rear frame 3, described casing 61 is 2, and it is hinged with the two ends of driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36 respectively, casing 61 is box Welding Structure, wheel shaft 62 is fixedly connected on the two ends of casing 61, wheel hub 63 is movably connected on wheel shaft 62, wheel 64 is fixed on wheel hub 63, Rear frame 3 is respectively provided on two sides with 4 wheels 64, each 2 of the two ends of casing 61, the wheel 64 being positioned at Rear frame 3 the same side is symmetrical arranged about driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36.Described caging bolt 65 is arranged on the two ends of support shaft 36, and described casing 61 is between Rear frame 3 and caging bolt 65, and caging bolt 65 is used for preventing casing 61 from deviating from from driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36.
After using this driven suspension arrangement, driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36 is integrally welded with Rear frame 3, is effectively increased the bulk strength of Rear frame 3, improves its non-deformability, improves the bearing capacity of Rear frame 3.Suspension arrangement uses one side to support wheel construction, and in vehicle operation, wheel 64 does not results in the interference of suspension arrangement and Rear frame 3, improves intensity for Rear frame 3 and provides the space of necessity;The casing 61 of hitch uses box-structure, it is ensured that being effectively improved of suspension intensity;Driven vehicle bridge support shaft 36 and casing 61 be articulated and connected, independently installed, in vehicle operation when running into uneven road surface, it is possible to independently overcome or reduce because of road injustice cause to vehicular impact.
When transport vehicle transport aluminum water bag 7, aluminum water bag 7 is placed in above aluminum water bag support 71, aluminum water bag support 71 supporting surface bottom is an up the power acting surface in hoisting frame 41 lifting process of device 4 top, aluminum water bag support 71 supporting surface has supporting leg to support, during self-chambering, the lifting device 4 of transport vehicle is in extreme lower position state, vehicle backing makes Rear frame 3 enter below aluminum water bag support 71, after arriving assigned position, control lifting device 4 to rise, drive aluminum water bag 7 and aluminum water bag support 71 to promote simultaneously, after lift cylinder 41 all stretches out, lifting device 4 is reached home position, vehicle reaches travel position;After arriving appointed place, the lift cylinder 42 handling lifting device 4 shrinks, and drives lifting device 4 to reduce, and after arriving extreme lower position, vehicle leaves aluminum water bag support 71 smoothly, completes self-unloading process.
In addition, it is to be understood that, although this specification is been described by according to embodiment, but the most each embodiment only comprises an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of description is only for clarity sake, description should can also be formed, through appropriately combined, other embodiments that it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that as an entirety, the technical scheme in each embodiment by those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. a Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle, including front frame, Rear frame, lifting device, Hydraulic system and driven suspension arrangement, described front frame and Rear frame are flexibly connected, and described lifting fills Setting in Rear frame, described driven suspension arrangement is positioned at below Rear frame, it is characterised in that institute State lifting device and include hoisting frame and 2 lift cylinders, pass through between described Rear frame and hoisting frame 4 rocking arms are flexibly connected, and the two ends of described lift cylinder connect with Rear frame and hoisting frame activity respectively Connecing, described lift cylinder is obliquely installed.
Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that 2 Rocking arm is symmetricly set on one end of hoisting frame, and for front arm, other 2 described rocking arms are symmetrical arranged At the other end of hoisting frame, for rear arm, described lift cylinder and front arm by bearing pin with described Hoisting frame is flexibly connected.
Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that institute Stating Rear frame and be provided with lifting connection seat, described front arm is connected seat flexible connection with promoting.
Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that institute State Rear frame and be provided with elastic spacing block, when described hoisting frame rises to extreme higher position, hoisting frame and bullet Property limited block offsets.
Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute State and between front frame and Rear frame, be additionally provided with 2 steering cylinders, respectively left steering oil cylinder and right-hand rotation To oil cylinder, described hydraulic system includes that the first oil pump, turning gradient control valve, steering gear and lifting are handled Valve,
The inlet port of described first oil pump is connected with fuel tank, the actuator port of described first oil pump with turn Connect to the oil-in of pressure-gradient control valve;
First actuator port of described turning gradient control valve connects the actuator port of steering gear, turns to preferential Guide's hydraulic fluid port of valve connects guide's hydraulic fluid port of steering gear, and the second actuator port of turning gradient control valve connects Promoting the oil-in handling valve, the oil return opening of turning gradient control valve connects fuel tank;
Steering cylinder on the right side of the right actuator port connection of described steering gear, the left working oil of steering gear Steering cylinder on the left of mouth connection, the oil return opening of steering gear connects fuel tank;
Promoting the actuator port connection lift cylinder handling valve, the oil return opening promoting manipulation valve connects oil Case.
Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that institute State hydraulic system and also include the second oil pump, working oil path pilot operated valve device and hand control valve,
The oil-in of described second oil pump is connected with fuel tank, the actuator port of the second oil pump and working oil The oil-in controlling mouth and hand control valve of road pilot operated valve device connects;
The oil-in of working oil path pilot operated valve device is connected with the second actuator port of turning gradient control valve, work The actuator port of oil circuit pilot operated valve device is connected with the described oil-in promoting manipulation valve, working oil path hydraulic control The oil return opening of valve connects fuel tank;
The oil return opening of described hand control valve connects fuel tank.
Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that institute State hydraulic system and also include stroke control valve and protection oil cylinder,
The oil-in of described stroke control valve is connected with promoting the actuator port handling valve, Stroke Control The actuator port of valve with protection oil cylinder the first actuator port is connected, the oil return opening of stroke control valve and Connect fuel tank;
First actuator port and second actuator port of described protection oil cylinder connect fuel tank respectively.
Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that carry The one end rising frame is provided with block, and described stroke control valve is arranged in Rear frame, on described hoisting frame When rising to extreme higher position, block offsets with the valve rod of stroke control valve.
Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute State driven suspension arrangement and include driven vehicle bridge support shaft, casing, wheel shaft, wheel hub and wheel, described Support shaft and Rear frame are fixing to be connected, and described casing is 2, and respectively with the two ends of support shaft Being flexibly connected, described wheel is arranged on casing by wheel shaft and wheel hub, is positioned at Rear frame the same side Wheel be symmetrical arranged about support shaft.
Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that institute State driven suspension arrangement and also include that stop nut, described stop nut are arranged on the two ends of support shaft, Described casing is between Rear frame and stop nut.
CN201610292913.4A 2016-05-05 2016-05-05 A kind of Self-loading-unloading aluminum water bag transport vehicle Active CN105835745B (en)

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CN105835745B CN105835745B (en) 2018-11-06

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2243360A1 (en) * 1972-09-02 1974-03-21 Heinrich Meyer Fa MOTOR VEHICLE FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF OVERLAY WITH A LIFTING DEVICE
DE2357839A1 (en) * 1973-11-20 1975-05-22 Prestel Franz Tailgate hoist for lorry having crossed support levers - with pivot points on lorry and platform in two horizontal planes
CN201304853Y (en) * 2008-11-17 2009-09-09 中国三江航天工业集团公司特种车辆技术中心 Non-driving bearing axle device for trailer
CN203111003U (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-08-07 徐工集团工程机械股份有限公司江苏徐州工程机械研究院 Converging oil supply system of hinged type dumper lifting hydraulic system
CN203172498U (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-09-04 上海振华重工(集团)股份有限公司 Transportation vehicle and goods jacking device thereof
CN204567751U (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-08-19 山东黄金矿业(莱州)有限公司三山岛金矿 The integrated hydraulic system that a kind of Underground Mine truck operation turns to and brakes
CN204659539U (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-23 内蒙古北方重工业集团有限公司 A kind of Self-loading-unloading radial type aluminium bag transport trolley
CN105438045A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-30 长沙凯瑞重工机械有限公司 Molten aluminum ladle transport cart

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2243360A1 (en) * 1972-09-02 1974-03-21 Heinrich Meyer Fa MOTOR VEHICLE FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF OVERLAY WITH A LIFTING DEVICE
DE2357839A1 (en) * 1973-11-20 1975-05-22 Prestel Franz Tailgate hoist for lorry having crossed support levers - with pivot points on lorry and platform in two horizontal planes
CN201304853Y (en) * 2008-11-17 2009-09-09 中国三江航天工业集团公司特种车辆技术中心 Non-driving bearing axle device for trailer
CN203111003U (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-08-07 徐工集团工程机械股份有限公司江苏徐州工程机械研究院 Converging oil supply system of hinged type dumper lifting hydraulic system
CN203172498U (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-09-04 上海振华重工(集团)股份有限公司 Transportation vehicle and goods jacking device thereof
CN204567751U (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-08-19 山东黄金矿业(莱州)有限公司三山岛金矿 The integrated hydraulic system that a kind of Underground Mine truck operation turns to and brakes
CN204659539U (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-23 内蒙古北方重工业集团有限公司 A kind of Self-loading-unloading radial type aluminium bag transport trolley
CN105438045A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-30 长沙凯瑞重工机械有限公司 Molten aluminum ladle transport cart

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