CN105835536B - A writing method for writing small portable machines for - Google Patents

A writing method for writing small portable machines for Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105835536B
CN105835536B CN 201610171795 CN201610171795A CN105835536B CN 105835536 B CN105835536 B CN 105835536B CN 201610171795 CN201610171795 CN 201610171795 CN 201610171795 A CN201610171795 A CN 201610171795A CN 105835536 B CN105835536 B CN 105835536B
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CN
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CN 201610171795
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105835536A (en )
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魏宏辉
魏天浩
魏妗羽
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江苏浩宇电子科技有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种写字机及其书写方法,写字机包括机架及壳体;壳体上设有输入接口,壳体底部设有书写窗;机架上设有书写机构、位移机构和行走机构;书写机构为安装有书写笔,并控制书写笔完成抬笔落笔状态切换的书写机构;位移机构为控制书写机构形成书写轨迹的位移机构;行走机构为控制写字机整机行走以切换待书写区域的行走机构。 The present invention discloses a method of writing and writing machine, the machine comprises a frame and a write housing; the housing is provided with an input interface, the bottom of the housing is provided with a window writing; write means provided on the frame, and the displacement mechanism Walking means; writing means is attached to the pen, and controls the writing pen complete pen down state of the switching mechanism of the pen up; displacement means is formed as displacement control means writing track writing means; walking mechanism to control the write switch machine would be written to walk region of the running gear. 其书写方法是通过不断改变第一、第二电机的转动方向和/或转速以带动书写机构在书写窗内产生位移,结合书写机构控制书写笔落笔抬笔,进行打点式书写或笔画式逐笔书写来完成书写标识功能。 Which is written by changing a first direction of rotation of the second motor and / or writing speed to drive the displacement means in the write window, control means in conjunction with the writing stylus pen up pen down, RBI transaction-type writing or stroke of formula writing to finish writing the identification function. 本发明结构合理,维护简单,整套机构的成本较低,且耗材便宜易更换,具有很好的实用性和推广意义。 The invention has reasonable structure, easy maintenance, low cost set of institutions, and supplies cheap and easy to replace, has good practicability and significance.

Description

一种用于小型便携式写字机的书写方法 A writing method for writing small portable machines for

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种用途为特征而构造选择性印刷机构,具体涉及一种写字机及其书写方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a use wherein the printing mechanism is selectively configured, particularly, to a method of writing and writing machine.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]当今,标识技术在工业方面的应用范围越来越广,应用的复杂性大为增加,使得标识成为各种行业生产中不可缺少的重要组成部分。 [0002] Today, identification technology application in industry more widely, the complexity of applications has increased considerably, making identification to become an important and indispensable part of the production of a variety of industries. 业界主要采用喷码机在包装上进行标识的实时印刷,其运用带电的墨水微粒,由高压电场偏转的原理,在各种物体表面上喷印上图案文字和数码,是一种机电一体化的智能设备。 Inkjet printing industry mainly identified in real time on the package, which use the charged ink particle, the principle of high voltage electric field deflected to print on a variety of patterns on the surface of an object and a digital text, a mechatronics smart device. 喷码机广泛应用于包装工业、食品工业、化妆品工业、医药工业、汽车等零件加工行业、电线电缆行业、铝塑管行业、烟酒行业以及其它领域,可用于喷印生产日期、批号、条型码以及商标图案、防伪标记和中文字样,是贯彻卫生法和促进包装现代化强有力的设备。 Inkjet printer is widely used in the packaging industry, food industry, cosmetics industry, pharmaceutical industry, automobile industry parts processing, wire and cable industry, plastic pipe industry, tobacco industry and other areas, can be used for printing production date, lot number, bar barcode and logo, forgery and Chinese words, is to implement the health law and the promotion of a strong modern packaging equipment.

[0003] 现有喷码机如中国专利文献CN201192929Y所公开的便携式手持喷码机,由主控机和与主控机连接的喷头构成;喷头包括喷头外壳,在喷头外壳上固定有喷头手柄,在喷头手柄上固定有喷码控制开关,在喷头外壳的前端上部固定有信号输出端与主控机连接的同步器;使用者手握手柄并将同步器紧贴待喷码平面进行移动,喷码控制开关就会控制喷头在产品的外包装上喷印各种产品信息。 [0003] The conventional printer disclosed in Chinese Patent Document CN201192929Y portable handheld inkjet printer, and composed of a host computer and the host computer connected to the head; nozzle head comprises a housing, the housing is fixed in the nozzle head handle, the handle is fixed in the nozzle Coding control switch, the upper portion of the front end of the housing is fixed to the head synchronization signal output terminal connected to the master; the user hand against the handle and the synchronizer Coding plane to be moved, spray code printing head control switch will control the packaging of various products in the product. 其结构较为精密,喷码的原理的是利用油墨带电偏转的方式将油墨偏移出正常的飞行路线,射向工作物的表面,整套系统的造价较高,耗材也较为昂贵,同步器在长期使用的磨损下会降低精度,上述不足限制了喷码机的应用领域。 Its structure is more precise, the principle is to use the ink charging Coding deflected ink offset manner the normal flight path, toward the surface of the work piece, high cost of the entire system, but also more expensive consumables, long synchronizer will reduce the accuracy in the use of wear and tear, these shortcomings limit the application field of inkjet printer. 因此,急需一种可靠性更高、成本更低的可以替代喷码机的产品和标识方法来解决如上技术问题。 Thus, an urgent need higher in reliability, lower cost alternative to the inkjet printer and the product identification method to solve the above technical problem.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 发明目的:为了克服现有技术中存在的不足,本发明提供一种写字机及其书写方法。 [0004] Object of the invention: In order to overcome the disadvantages present in the prior art, the present invention provides a method of writing and writing machine.

[0005] 技术方案:为解决上述技术问题,本发明提供的写字机,包括机架及安装于机架外的壳体; [0005] Technical Solution: writing unit to solve the above problems, the present invention provides, comprising a frame and an outer frame attached to the housing;

[0006] 所述壳体上设有输入接口,所述壳体底部设有书写窗; [0006] The input interface is provided on the housing, the housing bottom is provided with a writing window;

[0007] 所述机架上设有书写机构、位移机构和行走机构; [0007] The writing means is provided, and the displacement mechanism running gear rack;

[0008] 所述书写机构为安装有可拆卸的书写笔,并控制书写笔完成抬笔、落笔状态切换的书写机构; [0008] The writing means is detachably attached to the pen, the pen and the control is completed pen up, pen-down state of the writing switching means;

[0009] 所述位移机构为控制书写机构在书写窗内形成书写轨迹的位移机构; [0009] The displacement means is formed to control the writing means writing the track displacement mechanism in the writing window;

[0010]所述行走机构为控制所述与字机整机行走以切换书写窗对应的待书写区域的行走机构。 [0010] The traveling means and the control word written to switch the machine would travel window corresponding to the region to be written in the running gear.

[0011]优选的,所述位移机构包括第一电机、第二电机、导轨、滑座、惰轮、同步轮和同步带, [0011] Preferably, the displacement mechanism comprises a first motor, a second motor, rail, slide, idler, and the synchronous belt wheel,

[0012] 所述导轨沿X轴方向布置,所述滑座与导轨滑动配合;所述惰轮是安装于滑座上的四个,所述同步轮安装于机架上,所述同步轮包括第一主动轮、第一从动轮、第二主动轮和第二从动轮,第一主动轮安装于第一电机的输出轴上,第二主动轮安装于第二电机的输出轴上;所述同步带安装于惰轮和同步轮上并呈空心的工字形,四个惰轮分别位于工字形的一竖线与两横线连接处的四个转折处,四个同步轮分别位于工字形的四个端点上; [0012] The guide rails are arranged along the X-axis direction, the carriage and the guide rail sliding fit; the idler is attached to the four carriage, the wheels are mounted to the frame synchronization, the synchronization wheel comprising a first capstan, the first driven gear, a second drive wheel and the second driven gear, a first drive wheel mounted on the output shaft of the first motor, a second drive wheel mounted on the output shaft of the second motor; the a timing belt and mounted on the idler wheel and synchronization of a hollow I-shaped, four idler are located at a vertical turning four I-shaped with two horizontal junction, four wheels are located synchronization -shaped four on the endpoint;

[0013] 所述滑座上具有沿Y轴方向布置的滑轨,所述滑轨上具有与之滑配的滑块,所述滑块固定连接于同步带上,所述书写机构安装于滑块上。 [0013] The carriage having a Y-axis direction are arranged rails, having assigned thereto a slider sliding on the slide, the slide is fixedly connected to the belt, said writing means is attached to the carriage block.

[0014] 优选的,所述书写机构包括书写电机、凸轮和书写笔;所述书写电机固定设置于滑块上,所述凸轮受书写电机驱动,所述书写机构还包括设置于滑块上、位于凸轮下方、用于安装书写笔、并与凸轮配合使得书写笔完成起落状态切换的安装座。 [0014] Preferably, said writing means including writing a motor, a cam and pen; said writing motor fixed to the slider, the cam drive motor by writing, said writing means further comprising a slider disposed on, located below the cam for mounting the pen, and the pen so that the cam with the installation of the seat landing state switch.

[0015] 进一步优选的,所述安装座上部设有与凸轮配合的接触部,下部设有受力于安装座和滑块底壳之间的复位弹簧; [0015] Further preferably, the seat mounting portion is provided in contact with the cam portion, the lower portion is provided with a return spring force to the mount between the bottom case and the slider;

[0016] 所述书写笔可拆卸的安装在安装座上; [0016] The pen is removably mounted on the mounting base;

[0017] 当书写电机转动使得凸轮的凸出部面向安装座上的接触部时,安装座的接触部抵靠凸轮的凸出部,复位弹簧受力形变,安装座及其上安装的书写笔下落切换至落笔书写状态; [0017] When the motor is rotated such that the writing of the cam convex portion facing the contact portion when the seat is mounted, the contact portion abutting against the mounting base of the projecting portion of the cam, the deformation of the return spring force, the mounting seat mounted on the pen and writing pen-down state is switched to the fall;

[0018] 当书写电机转动使得凸轮的非凸出部面向安装座上的接触部时,复位弹簧受力减小或消失,使得安装座抬起至其接触部抵靠凸轮的非凸出部,书写笔抬起切换至抬笔非书写状态。 [0018] When the motor is rotated such that writing the non-projecting portion facing the contact portion of the cam when the seat is mounted, the force of the return spring is reduced or eliminated, such that the mount to the raised portion in contact with the non-projecting portion which abuts against the cam, lift stylus pen-switch to a non-writing state.

[0019] 优选的,所述行走机构包括行走轮和行走电机,所述行走电机的输出轴安装有第一伞形齿轮,所述第一伞形齿轮与行走轮轴上的第二伞形齿轮相啮合。 [0019] Preferably, the traveling mechanism includes a driving motor and running wheels, the travel motor output shaft is attached to the first bevel gear, a second bevel gear on the first bevel gear and traveling with the axle engagement.

[0020] 优选的,所述写字机壳体长和宽的尺寸均不大于20cm。 [0020] Preferably, writing the housing length and width dimensions of not greater than 20cm.

[0021] 优选的,所述第一电机和第二电机为步进电机或伺服电机,所述导轨包括平行设置的第一导轨和第二导轨。 [0021] Preferably, the first and second motors is a stepper motor or servo motor, the rail includes first and second rails disposed in parallel. 优选的,所述壳体上还设有显示屏。 Preferably, the upper housing is also provided with a display screen. 该显示屏用于信息显示和/ 或人机交互。 The display screen for displaying information and / or interactive.

[0022] 优选的,所述同步带的内侧具有凸齿,所述第一主动轮和第二主动轮上具有与所述凸齿相互匹配的外齿,所述滑座上具有与所述凸齿配合的固定槽。 [0022] Preferably, the inside of the timing belt having teeth, said teeth having outer teeth matched with the first capstan and the second driving wheel, said carriage having the projection mating tooth fixing groove.

[0023]本发明同时提供一种用于上述写字机的书写方法,该工作方法包括如下步骤: [0024]点阵化待书写文字的步骤:将通过输入接口输入的文字点阵化,存储点阵化后各点对应的位置信息; [0023] The present invention also provides a method of writing the above-described writing machine for working the method comprising the steps of: [0024] Step a dot of the text to be written: a dot of the interface by entering text input, memory point after the array of the points corresponding to the position information;

[0025]整机行走切换书写窗的步骤:根据点阵化待书写文字的步骤输出的位置信息,通过行走机构移动整机使得书写窗位于待书写区域上方; [0025] The step of switching the traveling machine writing window: the position information to be written word output step of rasterizing, by traveling mechanism to move the machine to be written so that the window is positioned above the writing area;

[0026]书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤:通过改变第一电机和第二电机的转动方向和/或转速来实现等效于XY轴的插补运算,以带动滑块上的书写机构在书写窗内位移; [0026] The step of moving the writing means writing window: equivalent to the XY axis to achieve an interpolation operation by changing the direction of rotation of the first and second motors and / or rotational speed to drive the writing means writing the slider displacement within the window;

[0027] 书写的步骤:通过整机行走切换书写窗的步骤和书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤带动书写机构位移至文字点阵化后各点的位置上方,利用书写机构实现落笔和抬笔的状态切换,逐一打点完成书写。 [0027] Step writing: writing step of switching window by running the machine and the step of moving the writing means writing the writing window drive mechanism is displaced to a position above the respective points rasterizing text using a writing implement mechanism of pen down and pen up state switching one by one to complete the writing dot.

[0028]本发明同时提供另一种用于上述写字机的书写方法,该工作方法包括如下步骤: [0029]待书写文字笔画分解的步骤:将通过输入接口输入的文字按笔画分解,并存储按笔蘭顺序的待书写轨迹和坐标变化,以及上述待书写轨迹和坐标变化对应的位置信息和驱动信息;所述驱动信息包括第一、第二电机的转向和转速参数; [0028] The present invention also provides another method of writing the above-described writing machine for working the method comprising the steps of: [0029] be the step of writing characters stroke decomposition: decomposition by stroke through the text input interface, and stores written by the pen trajectory and changes in the coordinates to be the order of blue, and the position information and the driving information to be written and the coordinate variation corresponding to the track; the drive speed and the steering parameter information comprises a first, a second motor;

[0030] 整机行走切换书写窗的步骤:根据上述步骤输出的位置信息,通过行走机构移动整机使得书写窗位于待书写区域上方; [0030] The step of switching the traveling machine writing window: the position information of the output step, traveling through the machine such that the mechanism moving the writing window is positioned above the area to be written;

[0031] 书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤:根据笔画分解的步骤输出的对应待书写轨迹的驱动信息,通过改变第一电机和第二电机的转动方向和/或转速以带动滑块上的书写机构在书写窗内位移; [0031] The step of moving the writing means writing window: The output step corresponding to the stroke information written decomposition trajectory to be driven, by changing the direction of rotation of the first and second motors and / or writing speed to drive the slider displacement means in a writing window;

[0032] 书写的步骤:通过整机行走切换书写窗的步骤和书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤带动书写机构位移至起笔位置,利用书写机构实现的落笔和抬笔的状态切换,来实现笔画起笔的落笔动作和笔画收笔的抬笔动作,通过书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤带动书写机构在书写窗内位移来形成笔画书写动作,按待书写轨迹逐笔完成书写。 [0032] Step writing: writing step of switching window by running the machine and the writing step of the window moving mechanism moves the writing position drive mechanism pen writing position, the pen down and pen up state of the writing switching means implemented to achieve pen strokes the pen-down action and pen-up stroke in the operation, the displacement in the writing window formed by the operation of the writing strokes writing step of writing window moving mechanism driven by the writing means, to be written by the transaction-completion of writing the track.

[0033]有益效果:本发明提供的写字机及其书写方法,其使用的位移机构,可以通过不断改变第一电机和第二电机的转动方向和/或转速以带动滑块上的书写机构在书写窗内产生位移,结合书写机构利用凸轮机构进行书写落笔和抬笔状态的切换,利用可拆卸的书写笔如油性记号笔、荧光笔等进行书写,其可以很便捷地实现点阵化后的打点式书写或笔画式逐笔书写以完成书写标识功能; [0033] Advantageous Effects: The present invention provides a method of writing and writing machine, which uses the displacement mechanism, by changing the rotational direction of the first and second motors and / or writing speed to drive the slide mechanism the displacement writing window, with a switching mechanism using a cam mechanism for writing a writing pen down and pen up status, using the removable pen as permanent marker, highlighter like writing, which can be very easily achieved after the rasterizing dot writing or writing strokes to complete the transaction-type writing function identifier;

[0034]通过本发明提供的构造和方法实现按笔画式逐笔书写时,输出文字具有更好的连续性和一致性; When [0034] implemented by writing strokes of formula case by case basis by the constructions and methods of the present invention to provide the output character having better continuity and consistency;

[0035]本发明同时可根据需要选择使用不同耗材笔芯的书写笔,灵活满足用户所需,且耗材便宜易于更换; [0035] The present invention also can be selected using different pen refill supplies flexibly meet user requirements, inexpensive and easy to replace consumables;

[0036]同时本发明很巧妙地利用行走轮克服了位移机构移动范围的不足,在一个移动范围内书写结束后,行走机构可以带动整机进入下一待书写区域进行书写,使得整机的体积可以做得很小,很好地满足了小型化和便携式的使用需求。 Volume [0036] While the invention is very clever use of the running wheel overcomes the disadvantages of the movement range of the displacement mechanism, the writing ends in a moving range, can drive the whole bogies to be written into the next write area, which makes the can be made small, good to meet the needs of small and portable.

[0037]总而言之,本发明很好地取代了现有喷码机喷墨带电偏转的方式,结构合理,维护简单,整套机构的成本较低,且耗材便宜易更换,具有很好的实用性和推广意义。 [0037] In summary, the present invention is well inkjet printer replaces the conventional manner deflecting charged, reasonable structure, simple maintenance and low cost of the whole mechanism, inexpensive and easy to replace consumables, with good usability and promote meaningful.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0038]图1是本发明中书写机构的装配图; [0038] FIG. 1 is an assembly view of the present invention, the writing means;

[0039]图2是本发明中书写机构的结构示意主视图; [0039] FIG. 2 is written in the present invention means a schematic front view of the structure;

[0040] 图3是本发明中书写机构的结构示意立体图; [0040] FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view the structure of the writing means of the present invention, FIG;

[0041] 图4是本发明中书写机构的内部结构示意主视图; [0041] FIG. 4 is an internal configuration of the present invention in a schematic front view of the writing means;

[0042] 图5是本发明中书写机构的内部结构示意立体图; [0042] FIG. 5 is an internal structure of the present invention in a schematic perspective view of the writing means;

[0043] 图6是使用本发明中书写机构的写字机的整体结构示意图; [0043] FIG. 6 is an overall schematic view of the present invention, the writing means writing machine use;

[0044] 图7是图6中壳体内部机框部分的结构示意图; [0044] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the chassis portion of the housing 6;

[0045] 图8是图6的装配图; [0045] FIG. 8 is a view of the assembly of FIG 6;

[0046] 图9是图8中位移机构和书写机构的装配图; [0046] FIG. 9 is a diagram showing a displacement mechanism assembly in FIG. 8, and the writing means;

[0047] 图10是图9中位移机构沿Y轴向上运动的原理图; [0047] FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of the motion of the displacement mechanism 9 in the Y axis direction in FIG;

[0048] 图11是图9中位移机构沿Y轴向下运动的原理图; [0048] FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the displacement mechanism 9 along the Y-axis motion;

[0049] 图12是图9中位移机构沿X轴向左运动的原理图; [0049] FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the displacement mechanism 9 to the left along the X axis movement;

[0050]图13是图9中位移机构沿X轴向右运动的原理图; [0050] FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the displacement mechanism 9 moves to the right along the X axis;

[OOfl]图中:上盖1-1,中壳1-2,底座1-3,位移机构2,书写机构3,书写电机3-1,凸轮3-2, 书写笔3-3,上滑块座3-4,窗口3-41,齿条状固定槽3-44,安装座3-5,复位弹簧3-51,接触部3-52,下滑块座3-6,滑块底部3-61,电路板3-7,行走机构4,行走轮4-1,行走电机4-2,第一主动轮5-1,第二主动轮5-2,第一从动轮5-3,第二从动轮5-4,第一电机6-1,第二电机6-2, 惰轮7,同步带8。 [OOfl] FIG: cover 1-1, 1-2 in the housing, the base 1-3, the displacement mechanism 2, the writing means 3, a writing motor 3-1, a cam 3-2, 3-3 pen, the slide block housing 3-4, the window 3-41, 3-44 rack-shaped fixing grooves, mount 3-5, 3-51 a return spring, the contact portions 3-52, 3-6 lower slider holder, the bottom of the slider 3 -61, the board 3-7, the running gear 4, running wheels 4-1, 4-2 traveling motor, a first drive wheel 5-1, 5-2 second capstan, the first driven gear 5-3, a first two driven wheels 5-4, 6-1 first motor, a second motor 6-2, the idler gear 7, the belt 8.

具体实施方式[0052] 实施例: DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS [0052] Example:

[0053]下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作更进一步的说明。 [0053] The following embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and description of the present invention will be still further embodiment. _4]本实施例提供了一种便携式写字机,其整机外形如图6所示,具有盒状的壳体,壳体长和宽均为14cm,壳体包括上盖1-1,中壳1-2和底座1_3,在上盖1-1上具有USB接口、操作按键和显示屏,底座1-3的底部具有行走轮,底座中部设有书写窗,在壳体内安装有机框(即机架)。 4] This embodiment provides a portable writing machine that the whole shape shown in FIG. 6, having a box-shaped housing, housing both length and width 14cm, the housing including an upper cover 1-1, the housing 1-2 1_3 and the base, the upper cover having 1-1 USB interfaces, and the bottom of the display operation button, the base 1-3 has a travel wheel, the writing base is provided with central windows, organic installation frame (i.e., in the machine housing frame). 当然与字机壳体长和宽的尺寸可以根据需要设计,优选长和宽均不大于2〇cm的便携式构造。 Of course, word length and width of the housing may be designed size, preferably not larger than the length and width of the portable structure 2〇cm.

[0055]如图7和图8所示,在上盖1-1、中壳1-2和底座1-3包围形成的空间中安装有机框, 机框上安装位移机构2、书写机构3和行走机构4,各自负责笔的位移、落笔抬笔以及行走的动作,即:所述书写机构3为安装有可拆卸的书写笔,并控制书写笔完成抬笔、落笔状态切换的书写机构;所述位移机构2为控制书写机构在书写窗内形成书写轨迹的位移机构;所述行走机构4为控制所述写字机整机行走以切换书写窗对应的待书写区域的行走机构。 [0055] FIGS. 7 and 8, the mounting space in the upper cover frame organic 1-1, 1-2 and 1-3 surrounded by a shell formed by the base, the displacement mechanism is mounted on the machine frame 2, 3 and the writing means traveling mechanism 4, each responsible for the displacement of the pen, pen-down and pen-running operation, namely: the writing means 3 is detachably attached to the pen, the pen and the control is completed pen up, pen-down state of the writing switching means; the said displacement mechanism 2 is formed to control the writing means writing the track displacement mechanism in the writing window; the traveling means 4 to control the writing unit to switch the machine running bogie corresponding to a window to be written in the writing area.

[0056]行走机构4包括行走轮4-1和行走电机4-2,行走电机4-2可采用直流减速电机或步进电机或伺服电机,其动力输出与行走轮轴通过一对伞形齿轮相互啮合,即所述行走电机的输出轴安装有第一伞形齿轮,所述第一伞形齿轮与行走轮轴上的第二伞形齿轮相啮合, 可对行走距离和进行精确的控制。 [0056] The traveling means 4 comprises a pair of bevel gear wheels running and walking motor 4-1 4-2, 4-2 travel motor can be a stepping motor or a DC gear motor or servo motor, its power output by each axle and walking engagement, i.e., the travel motor output shaft is attached to the first bevel gear, a second bevel gear meshed with the first bevel gear on the axle and walking, and can travel distance for precise control. 使用时将行走轮4-1放在待书写平面的上方,作为整个机架的支撑点,当书写机构3在位移机构2的移动范围内书写结束后,行走机构4可以带动整机进入下一待书写区域进行书写。 When using the running wheel 4-1 will be placed over the writing surface, as a supporting point of the rack, when the writing end of the writing means 3 within the moving range of the displacement mechanism 2, 4 can be driven by the machine running gear into the next writing area to be written. 也可以将书写和行走的动作同步执行。 It may be the writing operation and running synchronously.

[0057]如图9所示,位移机构包括第一电机、第二电机、导轨、滑座、惰轮7、同步轮和同步市8,所述第一电机和弟一电机可米用步进电机或伺服电机。 [0057] As shown in FIG. 9, the displacement mechanism comprises a first motor, a second motor, rail, slide, idler gear 7, and the synchronization timing pulley 8 city, a brother of the first motor and the motor may be a stepping meter motor or servo motor. 其中导轨沿X轴方向布置,滑座与导轨滑动配合。 Wherein the guide rails are arranged along the X-axis direction, the carriage sliding fit with the guide rail. 惰轮7有四个,分别安装在滑座的四个角上。 There are four idler 7, are mounted on the four corners of the carriage. 四个同步轮安装于机架的四个角上,包括第一主动轮5-1、第一从动轮5-3、第二主动轮5-2和第二从动轮5-4,其中第一主动轮具有外齿,安装在第一电机6_1的输出轴上;第二主动轮5-2也具有外齿,安装在第二电机6_2的输出轴上;同步带8安装于惰轮7和同步轮上并呈空心的工字形,四个惰轮7分别位于工字形的一竖线与两横线连接处的四个转折处,四个同步轮分别位于工字形的四个端点上。 Four wheels are mounted to the frame synchronization of the four corners, comprising a first driving wheel 5-1, the first driven gear 5-3, a second drive wheel and the second driven gear 5-2 5-4, wherein the first drive wheel having external teeth, mounted on the output shaft of the first motor 6_1; second capstan 5-2 also has external teeth, mounted on the output shaft of the second motor 6_2; 8 attached to the belt 7 and the idler synchronization and a hollow wheel of the I-shaped, four idler 7 are located with a vertical I-shaped two horizontal lines at the four corner junction, four wheels are located on four synchronous -shaped end. 同步带8的内侧具有凸齿。 Inner belt 8 having teeth.

[0058]在滑座上具有沿Y轴方向布置的滑轨,所述滑轨上具有与之滑配的滑块,所述滑块设有用于噛合固定同步带的齿条状固定槽3-44,与同步带8上的凸齿相互咬合形成固定的连接。 [0058] having a Y-axis direction is arranged on the slide rails, having assigned thereto a slider sliding on said rail, said slider is provided with a groove for fixing a rack-shaped fixing belt engaged Yao 3- 44, with the teeth on the timing belt 8 connected to each other to form a fixed engagement.

[0059]所述书写机构安装于滑块上,包括固定设置于滑块上的书写电机3-1、安装于书写电机3-1的输出轴上受书写电机驱动的凸轮3-2,以及设于凸轮下方、用于安装书写笔3-3、 并与凸轮配合使得书写笔完成起落状态切换的安装座3-5。 [0059] writing means mounted on said slider comprising a slider fixed to the writing motor 3-1, mounted on the output shaft of the motor 3-1 is written by writing a cam driven by a motor 3-2, and provided below the cam 3-3 for mounting the pen, and the pen so that the cam with the installation seat landing state switch 3-5. 所述书写电机3-1可采用直流减速电机或步进电机。 3-1 may be employed for the writing DC gear motor or stepper motor.

[0060]如图1所示,所述滑块由上滑块座3-4与下滑块座3-6对接构成,上滑块座3-4上设有窗口3-41,下滑块座3-6的底部为滑块底部3-61,所述凸轮3-2上设有手杆,如图2、3所示, 所述凸轮3-2受书写电机驱动并设置于窗口3-41位置。 [0060] As shown in FIG 1, the slider is constituted by a slider abutting the lower seat 3-43-6 slider seat, provided with a window on 3-41 3-4 slider seat, the slider 3-6 is a bottom seat bottom slider 3-61, the cam provided on the hand lever 3-2, 2 and 3, the cam driving motor 3-2 by the writing and the window is provided 3- 41 position.

[0061]如图1所示,所述安装座3-5上部设有与凸轮配合的接触部3-52,下部设有受力于安装座和滑块底部3-61之间的复位弹簧3-51,复位弹簧3-51可对称设置; [0061] 1, 3-5 the mount provided on the upper portion in contact with the cam 3-52, the lower portion is provided to mount the force of the return spring 3 and a bottom slide between 3-61 -51, the return spring may be disposed symmetrically 3-51;

[0062]如图4、5所示,当书写电机3-1转动使得凸轮3-2的凸出部面向安装座上的接触部3_52时,安装座的接触部3-52抵靠凸轮3-2的凸出部,复位弹簧3-51受力形变,安装座及其上安装的书写笔3_3下落切换至落笔书写状态。 [0062] As shown in FIG 4 and 5, when the writing is rotated such that the motor 3-1 3-2 when the cam projection facing the mounting base portion 3_52 contact, the contact portion abutting against the mount cam 3-52 3- convex portion 2, the force of the return spring 3-51 deformation, and the mounting seat mounted on the pen to pen-down switch 3_3 fall writing state.

[0063] ^书写电机3-1转动使得凸轮3-2的非凸出部面向安装座上的接触部3-52时,复位弹簧3-51受力减小或消失,使得安装座抬起至其接触部3-52抵靠凸轮3—2的非凸出部,书写笔3-3抬起切换至抬笔非书写状态(该状态未在图中示出)。 [0063] ^ 3-1 rotates the motor so that writing the non-projecting portion of the cam contact portion 3-2 3-52 facing the mounting base, the return spring force is reduced or eliminated by 3-51, so that the mount to the raised 3-52 contact portion against the non-projecting portion of the cam abuts 3-2, 3-3 pen lift is switched to the non-writing pen up state (this state is not shown in the drawings).

[OOM]所述书写笔3-3包括笔帽和笔身,笔身内部装有书写耗材,本实施例中书写笔3-3 为油性记号笔或荧光笔,其可拆卸的安装在安装座3-5上:本实施例中所述安装座3-5下部设有卡槽,所述书写笔3-3的尾部设有卡扣,书写笔通过卡扣插入卡槽中可拆卸的安装在安装座上。 [The OOM] 3-3 including the pen cap and pen body, an internal body with a pen writing supplies, embodiments of the present embodiment 3-3 is a pen or highlighter permanent marker, which is detachably mounted in the mounting seat 3 a-5: this embodiment is provided with a lower portion of the mount slots 3-5, the trailing pen is provided with a snap 3-3, pen by snap into the slot removably mounted in a mounting seat. 当然也可以是所述书写笔3-3和安装座3-5通过螺纹配合可拆卸的安装在安装座上等其他可拆卸可替换方式。 Of course, the pen may be 3-3 and 3-5 by a threaded fitting mount detachably mounted in another alternative embodiment mounts detachably the like. 本发明中不仅书写笔本身可以很方便的从书写机构上拆卸,以根据实际所需进行更换和补充,也可通过更换书写笔笔身内部耗材替芯的方式,进行耗材的更换和补充。 The present invention is not only the pen itself can be easily removed from the writing means, in accordance with the actual and desired replacement supplement, also by changing the writing pen body supplies for internal mode core, and complementary to replace consumables.

[0065]滑块上还设有通过FPC排线与写字机信号电路连接的电路板3-7,所述电路板3-7 与书写电机3-1电路连接。 [0065] further provided with a slider connected to the circuit board through the FPC cable and a local signal writing circuit 3-7, 3-7 of the circuit board is connected to the writing circuit of the motor 3-1.

[0066]使用时,当第一电机和第二电机的输出轴同向同速转动时,滑块沿Y轴方向移动; 当第一电机和第二电机的输出轴异向同速转动时,滑块沿X轴方向移动:如图10所示,当第一电机5-1和第二电机5-2的输出轴同向同速逆时针转动时,位移机构带动书写机构3沿Y轴向上移动。 [0066] In use, when the output shaft of the first motor and the second motor rotates with the same speed, the slider is moved in the Y-axis direction; and when the output shaft of the first motor and the second motor is rotated with different speed, slider X-axis direction: as shown, when the first output shaft of the motor 5-1 and 5-2 of the second motor is rotated counterclockwise at the same speed in the same direction, the displacement mechanism drives the writing means 103 along the Y axis on the move. 如图11所不,当第一电机5-1和第二电机5-2的输出轴同向同速顺时针转动时,位移机构带动书写机构3沿Y轴方向向下移动。 11 do not, when the first motor output shaft is rotated clockwise 5-1 and 5-2 of the second motor with the same speed, the displacement mechanism 3 is moved downward driven by the writing means in the Y-axis direction. 如图12所示,当第一电机5-1和第二电机5-2的输出轴以相反转向同速向内转动时,位移机构带动书写机构3沿X轴向左运动。 12, when the output shaft of the first motor and the second motor 5-1 5-2 rotates in the reverse turning inwardly at the same speed, the displacement mechanism drives the writing means 3 moves to the left along the X axis. 如图13所示, 当第一电机5-1和第二电机5-2的输出轴以相反转向同速向外转动时,位移机构带动书写机构3沿X轴向右运动。 As shown, when the output shaft of the first motor and the second electric machines 5-1 to 5-2 at the same speed when the steering is rotated opposite outward displacement mechanism 3 driven by the writing means 13 moves to the right along the X axis. 同时,当第一电机和第二电机的输出轴中有且只有一个转动时,滑块沿斜线方向移动;当第一电机和第二电机的输出轴同向或异向不同速转动时,滑块沿弧线方向移动。 Meanwhile, when the output shaft of the first motor and the second electric machine and only one is rotated, the slider is moved in a diagonal direction; and when the output shaft of the first motor and the second motor to different rotation speed in the same or different, slider along an arc direction. 因为当第一电机和第二电机具有转速差的时候(即两个电机的输出轴的转速不同, 转速比不等于1),滑座整体带动滑块在X轴方向上的移动与滑块沿着皮带在Y轴方向的移动相互叠加,两个运动的合成即可使得滑块带动书写笔形成斜线、弧线等轨迹。 Because when the first and second motors has a rotational speed difference (i.e., two different rotational speeds of the output shaft of the motor, the speed ratio not equal to 1), driven by the carriage moves integrally with the slider in the slider along the X-axis direction a belt superimposed on each other in the Y-axis direction, the two movements can be synthesized so that the slider is formed oblique pen drive, like an arc trajectory.

[0067]因此,对于某一笔画或某一系列连续笔画,书写机构可以一次落笔并沿着笔画轨迹进行运动,模仿人工书写形成印字,最终完成书写。 [0067] Thus, for a certain stroke or a continuous series of strokes, the writing mechanism may be a pen-down and moves along the stroke trajectory, artificial imitation of writing the printing form, the final completion of the writing. 还可以是,结合点阵化文字和打点的方式形成书写轨迹。 It may also be a combination of text and dot-matrix dot writing tracks are formed.

[0068] 本实施例提供的一种用于上述写字机的书写方法,包括如下步骤: [0068] The present embodiment provides the above-described writing method for writing machine, comprising the steps of:

[0069]点阵化待书写文字的步骤:将通过输入接口输入的文字点阵化,存储点阵化后各点对应的位置彳目息;所述位置信息包含书写窗位置信息及对应到书写窗内XY轴坐标的位置信息; Step [0069] rasterizing text to be written: a dot of a character input via the input interfaces, corresponding to each dot position of the dot after the storage destination information left foot; the location information comprises location information of the writing window corresponds to the writing and XY-axis position information within the window coordinates;

[0070]整机行走切换书写窗的步骤:根据点阵化待书写文字的步骤输出的位置信息,通过行走机构移动整机使得书写窗位于待书写区域上方; [0070] The step of switching the traveling machine writing window: the position information to be written word output step of rasterizing, by traveling mechanism to move the machine to be written so that the window is positioned above the writing area;

[0071]书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤:通过改变第一电机和第二电机的转动方向和/或转速来实现等效于XY轴的插补运算,以带动滑块上的书写机构在书写窗内位移;上述改变第一电机和第二电机的转速包括改变第一电机和第二电机输出轴的转速比和/或转速差; [0072]书写的步骤:通过整机行走切换书写窗的步骤和书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤带动书写机构位移至文字点阵化后各点的位置上方,利用书写机构实现落笔和抬笔的状态切换,逐一打点完成书写。 [0071] The step of moving the writing means writing window: equivalent to the XY axis to achieve an interpolation operation by changing the direction of rotation of the first and second motors and / or rotational speed to drive the writing means writing the slider displacement of the window; and the change of the first and second motors comprises changing the rotational speed and / or rotational speed difference between the rotational speed ratio of the first motor and a second motor output shaft; [0072] step written: by writing the whole window is switched to walk step moving window and the writing means writing the writing drive mechanism is displaced to a position above the respective points rasterizing text using the writing pen down and pen up mechanism to achieve the state switching one by one to complete the writing dot.

[0073]本实施例提供的另一种用于上述写字机的书写方法,包括如下步骤: [0073] The present embodiment provides another method for writing the above-described writing machine, comprising the steps of:

[0(F4]待书写文字笔画分解的步骤:将通过输入接口输入的文字按笔画分解,并存储按笔画顺序的待书写轨迹和坐标变化,以及上述待书写轨迹和坐标变化对应的位置信息和驱动信息;所述位置信息包含书写窗位置信息及对应到书写窗内XY轴坐标的位置信息;所述驱动信息包括第一、第二电机的转向和转速参数; [0 (F4] Step be written word stroke decomposition: the press stroke decomposed by the text input interface and the storage location information written trajectory and the coordinate transformation to be press stroke order, and corresponding to the to be written track and coordinate changes and driving information; the location information comprises a writing window position information and the corresponding location information within the write window coordinates XY axis; the drive speed and the steering parameter information comprises a first, a second motor;

[0075]整机行走切换书写窗的步骤:根据上述步骤输出的位置信息,通过行走机构移动整机使得书写窗位于待书写区域上方; [0075] The step of switching the traveling machine writing window: the position information of the output step, traveling through the machine such that the mechanism moving the writing window is positioned above the area to be written;

[0076]书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤:根据笔画分解的步骤输出的对应待书写轨迹的驱动^息,通过改变第一电机和第二电机的转动方向和/或转速以带动滑块上的书写机构在书写窗内位移;上述改变第一电机和第二电机的转速包括改变第一电机和第二电机输出轴的转速比和/或转速差; [0076] The step of moving the writing means writing the window: an output corresponding to the stroke according to the procedure to be written in the track exploded driving ^ interest, by changing the direction of rotation of the first and second motors and / or the rotational speed to drive the slider writing in a writing window displacement mechanism; and the change of the first and second motors comprises changing the rotational speed and / or rotational speed difference between the rotational speed ratio of the first motor and a second motor output shaft;

[0077] 书写的步骤:通过整机行走切换书写窗的步骤和书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤带动书写机构位移至起笔位置,利用书写机构实现的落笔和抬笔的状态切换,来实现笔画起笔f落笔动作和笔画收笔的抬笔动作,通过书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤带动书写机构在书写窗内位移来形成笔画书写动作,按待书写轨迹逐笔完成书写。 [0077] Step writing: writing step of switching window by running the machine and the writing step of the window moving mechanism moves the writing position drive mechanism pen writing position, the pen down and pen up state of the writing switching means implemented to achieve pen strokes f pen-down action and pen-up stroke in the operation of the writing means in a writing window displacement strokes formed by the writing operation of the writing step of writing window moving mechanism, driven by the transaction-completion of writing the track to be written.

[0078] 以上实施列对本发明不构成限定,相关工作人员在不偏离本发明技术思想的范围内,所进行的多样变化和修改,均落在本发明的保护范围内。 [0078] The above embodiments of the present invention does not form a column defining relevant staff within a scope not departing from the technical idea of ​​the present invention, various changes and modifications are made, it is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种用于小型便携式写字机的书写方法,其特征在于:该方法用于小型便携式写字机,其包括机架及安装于机架外的壳体; 所述壳体上设有输入接口,壳体底部设有书写窗; 所述机架上设有书写机构、位移机构和行走机构; 所述书写机构为安装有可拆卸的书写笔,并控制书写笔完成抬笔、落笔状态切换的书写机构; 所述位移机构为控制书写机构在书写窗内形成书写轨迹的位移机构; 所述行走机构为控制所述写字机整机行走以切换书写窗对应的待书写区域的行走机构; 所述写字机壳体长和宽的尺寸均不大于20ctn; 所述位移机构包括第一电机、第二电机、导轨、滑座和同步带,所述滑座上具有沿Y轴方向布置的滑轨,所述滑轨上具有与之滑配的滑块,所述滑块固定连接于同步带上,所述书写机构安装于滑块上; 所述书写机构包括书写电机、凸轮和 1. A writing method for writing small portable machine, characterized in that: the method is used to write small portable machine, which includes a frame and an outer frame attached to the housing; the housing is provided with an input interface , the housing bottom is provided with a writing window; with writing means, the displacement mechanism and the traveling mechanism chassis; said writing means is detachably attached to the pen, the pen and the control is completed pen up, pen down state switch writing means; said displacement means is formed to control the writing means writing the track displacement mechanism in the writing window; walking mechanism to control the writing of the whole machine to switch the travel bogie writing window corresponding to the region to be written; the writing housing length and width dimensions of not greater than 20ctn; the displacement mechanism comprises a first motor, a second motor, rail, and a timing belt carriage, said carriage having arranged in the Y-axis direction slide, a slider having a sliding fit therewith on the slide, the slide is fixedly connected to the belt, said writing means is attached to the slider; writing said writing means comprises a motor, a cam, and 写笔;所述书写电机固定设置于滑块上,所述凸轮受书写电机驱动,所述书写机构还包括设置于滑块上、位于凸轮下方、用于安装书写笔、 并与凸轮配合使得书写笔完成起落状态切换的安装座; 所述滑块设有用于嗤合固定同步带的齿条状固定槽; 该方法包括如下步骤: 点阵化待书写文字的步骤:将通过输入接口输入的文字点阵化,存储点阵化后各点对应的位置信息; 整机行走切换书写窗的步骤:根据点阵化待书写文字的步骤输出的位置信息,通过行走机构移动整机使得书写窗位于待书写区域上方; 书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤:通过改变第一电机和第二电机的转动方向和/或转速来实现等效于XY轴的插补运算,以带动滑块上的书写机构在书写窗内位移; 书写的步骤:通过整机行走切换书写窗的步骤和书写窗内移动书写机构的步骤带动书写机构位移至文 Stylus; writing the motor fixed to the slider, the cam drive motor by writing, said writing means further comprising a slider disposed on, is located below a cam for mounting a pen, and with the cam such that the writing completion of pen state switching landing mount; of the slider is provided with a groove for fixing a rack-shaped fixing belt engaged laugh; the method comprising the following steps: step a dot of the text to be written: text input through the input interface rasterization, the position information of each point of the lattice corresponding to the memory; machine running writing window switching step: outputting position information in accordance with the steps of the dot to be written word, by traveling mechanism to move the machine to be positioned such that the writing window above the writing area; writing step of writing window moving mechanism: by changing the direction of rotation of the first and second motors and / or the rotational speed equivalent to an interpolation operation to achieve the XY axes, to drive the writing means on the slider writing displacement within the window; writing step: writing step of switching window by running the machine and the step of moving the window to drive the writing means writing the writing mechanism is displaced to the text 字点阵化后各点的位置上方,利用书写机构实现落笔和抬笔的状态切换, 逐一打点完成书与; 所述位移机构还包括惰轮和同步轮, 所述导轨沿X轴方向布置,所述滑座与导轨滑动配合;所述惰轮是安装于滑座上的四个,所述同步轮安装于机架上,所述同步轮包括第一主动轮、第一从动轮、第二主动轮和第二从动轮,第一主动轮安装于第一电机的输出轴上,第二主动轮安装于第二电机的输出轴上;所述同步带安装于惰轮和同步轮上并呈空心的工字形,四个惰轮分别位于工字形的一竖线与两横线连接处的四个转折处,四个同步轮分别位于工字形的四个端点上; 所述安装座上部设有与凸轮配合的接触部,下部设有受力于安装座和滑块底壳之间的复位弹簧; 所述书写笔可拆卸的安装在安装座上; 当书写电机转动使得凸轮的凸出部面向安装座上的接触部时, Above the position of each point of the word lattice, the use of the writing implement mechanism of pen down and pen up state switch, and the book is completed by one dot; the displacement mechanism further comprises an idler wheel and synchronization, the guide rail is arranged along the X-axis direction, the carriage with the guide rail slidably fitted; said idler gear is mounted on the carriage of four, the wheels are mounted to the frame synchronization, the synchronization wheel comprising a first capstan, the first driven gear, a second the drive pulley and the second driven gear, a first drive wheel mounted on the output shaft of the first motor, a second drive wheel mounted on the output shaft of the second motor; and a timing belt was mounted to the idler wheel and synchronization -shaped hollow, four are located at a vertical idler -shaped with two horizontal lines at the four corner junction, four wheels are located on four synchronous -shaped end; the mounting base portion is provided with cooperating with the cam contact portion, a lower portion of a return spring force is provided between the bottom case and the slider mount; the pen is removably mounted on the mounting seat; motor rotates so that when the writing of the cam facing the convex portion when the contact mounting portion of the seat, 装座的接触部抵靠凸轮的凸出部,复位弹簧受力形变,安装座及其上安装的书写笔下落切换至落笔书写状态; 当书写电机转动使得凸轮的非凸出部面向安装座上的接触部时,复位弹簧受力减小或消失,使得安装座抬起至其接触部抵靠凸轮的非凸出部,节与笔抬起切换至抬笔非书写状0 The contact portion abuts against the fitting seat projecting cam portion, the deformation force of the return spring, is mounted on the mounting seat and fall switching to pen writing pen down state; motor when the writing of the cam is rotated such that the non-projecting portion facing the mounting base when the contact portion, the force of the return spring is reduced or eliminated, such that the mount to the raised portion in contact with the non-projecting portion which abuts with the cam, the lift section with the pen to switch to the non-writing pen-shaped 0
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的用于小型便携式写字机的书写方法,其特征在于:所述行走机构包括行走轮和行走电机,所述行走电机的输出轴安装有第一伞形齿轮,所述第一伞形齿轮与行走轮轴上的第二伞形齿轮相啮合。 The writing method for writing small portable machine according to claim 1, wherein: said traveling means comprises a driving motor and running wheels, said running the first bevel gear mounted on the output shaft of the motor, the said first bevel gear and the second bevel gear engages on the axle walk.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的用于小型便携式写字机的书写方法,其特征在于:所述第〜电机和第二电机为步进电机或伺服电机,所述导轨包括平行设置的第一导轨和第二导轨,所述壳体上还设有显示屏。 The writing method for writing small portable machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: - said first and second motors is a stepper motor or servo motor, the rail includes a first rail disposed in parallel and a second guide rail, is also provided with a display screen on the housing.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1所述的用于小型便携式写字机的书写方法,其特征在于:所述同法带的内侧具有凸齿,所述第一主动轮和第二主动轮上具有与所述凸齿相互匹配的外齿。 The writing method of writing small portable machine according to claim 1, wherein: said inner belt having teeth with a method having the said first and second capstan drive wheel teeth matched external teeth.
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