CN105834186B - A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment - Google Patents

A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105834186B
CN105834186B CN201610320340.1A CN201610320340A CN105834186B CN 105834186 B CN105834186 B CN 105834186B CN 201610320340 A CN201610320340 A CN 201610320340A CN 105834186 B CN105834186 B CN 105834186B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rod
photovoltaic panel
column
cleaning
fix bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610320340.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105834186A (en
Inventor
王观宇
张经功
钱志宏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Zhongdian Boshun Intelligent Equipment Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Beijing Zhongdian Boshun Intelligent Equipment Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Beijing Zhongdian Boshun Intelligent Equipment Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Zhongdian Boshun Intelligent Equipment Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610320340.1A priority Critical patent/CN105834186B/en
Publication of CN105834186A publication Critical patent/CN105834186A/en
Priority claimed from US15/437,441 external-priority patent/US9923513B2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105834186B publication Critical patent/CN105834186B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B11/00Cleaning flexible or delicate articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B11/04Cleaning flexible or delicate articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto specially adapted for plate glass, e.g. prior to manufacture of windshields
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/024Cleaning by means of spray elements moving over the surface to be cleaned
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of telescoping mechanism and the photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment with the telescoping mechanism.The telescoping mechanism is arranged on rack for cleaning, the rack for cleaning includes the head rod being detachably connected, second connecting rod, 3rd connecting rod and the 4th connecting rod, the head rod is provided with the first fix bar, the second fix bar and the 3rd fix bar are provided between second connecting rod and the 4th connecting rod, 3rd connecting rod is provided with the 4th fix bar, the telescoping mechanism includes the first telescopic unit and the second telescopic unit, first telescopic unit is detachably arranged between first fix bar and the second fix bar, second telescopic unit is detachably arranged between the 3rd fix bar and the 4th fix bar.Compared with prior art, the present invention coordinates barrier getting over mechanism to realize that body is moved on another photovoltaic plate array from a photovoltaic plate array automatically by the telescoping mechanism, time saving and energy saving.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar energy generation technology field, specially a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment.
Background technology
With the development in an all-round way of global industry, every country industry-by-industry drastically expands to the demand of the energy, and the energy is needed Ask number have become weigh a country Economic Development Status standard.Regenerative resource mainly has water energy, too Positive energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, biomass energy equal energy source situation, are that people are in use with self-recovery ability the characteristics of which is maximum During, regenerative resource can be continuously supplemented from nature, and it is inexhaustible energy Source.Through research and the demonstration of scholar, it has been recognized that solar energy and wind energy are to solve energy crisis and environmental pollution most Effective and feasible energy source type, is the most important energy source type of new century.Especially solar energy is more next with its unique advantage More paid close attention to by people, it is because solar energy is inexhaustible, renewable;Application of Solar Energy region is extensive;Solar energy Cleaning, it is pollution-free;Solar electrical energy generation does not have moving component, is hardly damaged, and safeguards simple.
Various countries start to put into substantial contribution construction solar photo-voltaic power generation station, and solar energy photovoltaic panel is photo-voltaic power generation station electric energy The root of generation, the generating efficiency of photovoltaic panel directly decide the generated energy of solar power plant.Whether photovoltaic plate surface cleans Very big is affected on the generated energy of solar power plant.As solar photo-voltaic power generation station is built more and more, the photovoltaic panel of cleaning is needed Also increase severely therewith, rapid cleaning is carried out to photovoltaic panel how and also ensures that cleaning effect has become each photovoltaic generation enterprise Industry urgent need to solve the problem.Existing cleaning equipment cannot move to another photovoltaic plate array from a photovoltaic plate array automatically On, need, by manually being removed over, to waste time and energy.
In view of drawbacks described above, creator of the present invention passes through prolonged research and practice obtains the present invention finally.
The content of the invention
To solve above-mentioned technological deficiency, the invention provides a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment.
The technical solution used in the present invention is, there is provided a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment, which includes body, the body bag Telescoping mechanism is included, the telescoping mechanism is arranged on rack for cleaning, head rod that the rack for cleaning includes being detachably connected, Two connecting rods, the 3rd connecting rod and the 4th connecting rod, the head rod are provided with the first fix bar, second connecting rod The second fix bar and the 3rd fix bar are provided with and the 4th connecting rod between, the 3rd connecting rod is provided with the 4th fixation Bar, the telescoping mechanism include the first telescopic unit and the second telescopic unit, and first telescopic unit is detachably arranged in Between first fix bar and the second fix bar, second telescopic unit be detachably arranged in the 3rd fix bar and Between 4th fix bar;
The photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment also includes barrier getting over mechanism, and it is described that the telescoping mechanism coordinates the barrier getting over mechanism to realize Body moves to another photovoltaic plate array from a photovoltaic plate array;The barrier getting over mechanism includes movable stand and fixed mount, institute State, finite place piece is set on the movable stand, the locking device coordinates the locating part to incite somebody to action The movable stand is locked on the fixed mount;The fixed mount includes carrier and carries bracing frame;
The locking device includes:Base plate, locking bail, rotation urging part, return unit, the first column, the second column, the 3rd Column, the 4th column and drawstring;The base plate is fixed on the fixed mount;Fixed column, the lock are provided with the base plate Tight hook is rotated with the fixed column and is connected;The rotation urging part is connected with one end of the locking bail, the rotation urging part The locking bail can be outwards pulled open in the presence of external force, so as to the locating part is unlocked;The return unit is arranged on institute The junction of rotation urging part and the locking bail is stated, when the external force for acting on the rotation urging part disappears, the reset Part makes the locking bail set back;First column and the 4th column are located at the two ends of the base plate, second column And the 3rd column be located between first column and the 4th column;First column and the 4th column are equipped with two positions One high and one low vertical pulley;A horizontal trolley is equipped with second column and the 3rd column;The drawstring winds institute It is connected with the rotation urging part after stating vertical pulley and horizontal trolley.
Preferably, first telescopic unit includes:Pars contractilis, housing section and power part, the pars contractilis are located at described In housing section, and stretching motion can be done under the drive of the power part.
Preferably, first telescopic unit is the first linear electric machine.
Preferably, second telescopic unit includes:Pars contractilis, housing section and power part, the pars contractilis are located at described In housing section, and stretching motion can be done under the drive of the power part.
Preferably, second telescopic unit is the second linear electric machine.
Preferably, each connection in the head rod, the second connecting rod, the 3rd connecting rod and the 4th connecting rod Four sides of bar are both provided with chute.
Preferably, each connection in the head rod, the second connecting rod, the 3rd connecting rod and the 4th connecting rod The inside of bar is provided with some hollow bores through whole connecting rod.
Preferably, the quantity of the hollow bore is 5.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:A kind of telescoping mechanism and stretch with this that the present invention is provided The photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment of contracting mechanism, coordinates barrier getting over mechanism to realize body automatically from a photovoltaic plate array by the telescoping mechanism Move on another photovoltaic plate array, it is time saving and energy saving.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of functional block diagram of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment of the present invention;
Structural representations of the Fig. 2 for rack for cleaning;
Structural representations of the Fig. 3 for the single connecting rod of rack for cleaning;
Structural representations of the Fig. 4 for wiper mechanism;
Structural representations of the Fig. 5 for row brush;
Structural representations of the Fig. 6 for water injector;
Fig. 7 is travel mechanism's structural representation;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation that self-locking mechanism is arranged in travel mechanism;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation that straightening mechanism is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Figure 10 is to correct the angle schematic diagram between guide wheel and driving wheel;
Figure 11 is the structural representation that a kind of escapement is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Figure 12 is the structural representation that another kind of escapement is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Figure 13 is the structural representation after dynamic temperature measurement mechanism is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Axonometric charts of the Figure 14 for charging connector;
Side views of the Figure 15 for charging connector;
Figure 16 is the structural representation in charging storehouse;
Structural blast schematic diagrams of the Figure 17 for self-charging terminal;
Figure 18 is the functional block diagram of another photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the structural representation that telescoping mechanism is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Structural representations of the Figure 20 for barrier getting over mechanism;
Magnified partial views of the Figure 21 for barrier getting over mechanism.
Specific embodiment
It is below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, above-mentioned to the present invention to be described in more detail with other technical characteristic and advantage.Implement Example one
As shown in figure 1, for a kind of functional block diagram of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment disclosed by the invention, the photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment Including:Body, charging storehouse 11 and exterior terminal 12.Body includes:Rack for cleaning 1, central controller 2, wiper mechanism 3, moving machine Structure 4, self-locking mechanism 5, straightening mechanism 6, escapement 7, dynamic temperature measurement mechanism 8, power module 9 and communication module 10.Wherein, in Centre controller 2, wiper mechanism 3, travel mechanism 4, self-locking mechanism 5, straightening mechanism 6, escapement 7, dynamic temperature measurement mechanism 8, electricity Source module 9 and communication module 10 are arranged on rack for cleaning 1.Wiper mechanism 3 is connected with central controller 2, for photovoltaic panel Cleaned.Travel mechanism 4 is connected with central controller 2, for making body steadily move in photovoltaic panel.Self-locking mechanism 5 with Travel mechanism 4 coordinates, constant motion during for enabling body to move in photovoltaic panel, and during stopping, moment is static.Straightening mechanism 6, for steadily being moved in photovoltaic panel after correction again when body is inclined.Escapement 7, for preventing body from light Drop on volt plate.Dynamic temperature measurement mechanism 8 is connected with central controller 2, the temperature of the photovoltaic panel cleaned for kinetic measurement body Degree.Charging storehouse 11, for this bulk charging and for its stop.Power module 9 is connected with each consuming parts in body, for for Each consuming parts are powered.Communication module 10 is connected with central controller 2, for realize exterior terminal 12 and central controller 2 it Between data interaction.Exterior terminal 12, for realizing the remotely control of body.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, structural representations of the Fig. 2 for rack for cleaning, Fig. 3 show for the structure of the single connecting rod of rack for cleaning It is intended to.Rack for cleaning 1 includes:Head rod 101, the second connecting rod 102, the 3rd connecting rod 103 and the 4th connecting rod 104.Should Head rod 101, the second connecting rod 102, the 3rd connecting rod 103 and the 4th connecting rod 104 constitute a framework, the preferred frame Frame is rectangular frame, can so reduce the volume of body, improves its motility.Preferably, the area of the rack for cleaning 1 is usually The 75% of one piece of photovoltaic plate suqare, can either so ensure the cleaning performance of photovoltaic panel, and the weight for being unlikely to increase body again is kept away Exempt to damage photovoltaic panel by pressure.The minor face of head rod 101 and the 3rd connecting rod 103 as rectangular frame, the second connecting rod 102 and Long side of four connecting rods 104 as rectangular frame.Head rod 101, the second connecting rod 102, the 3rd connecting rod 103 and the 4th Connecting rod 104 adopts aluminium, can so mitigate the weight of body.Four sides of each connecting rod of rack for cleaning set Chute 105 is equipped with, in the form of chute, it is possible to achieve facilitate body to increase or reduce other functions part.Each company The inside of extension bar is provided with some hollow bores 106 through whole connecting rod, it is preferred that the quantity of hollow bore 106 is five, So can further mitigate the weight of body, it is to avoid body damages photovoltaic panel by pressure.
One end of second connecting rod 102 is fixedly connected with one end of head rod 101 by the first T-shaped connecting plate 107, The other end is fixedly connected with one end of the 3rd connecting rod 103 by the second T-shaped connecting plate 108;One end of 4th connecting rod 104 leads to Cross the 3rd T-shaped connecting plate 109 to be fixedly connected with the other end of the 3rd connecting rod 103, the other end passes through the 4th T-shaped connecting plate 1010 It is fixedly connected with the other end of head rod 101;Each connecting rod causes cleaning by the connected mode that T-shaped connecting plate connects Realize being detachably connected between each connecting rod in frame such that it is able to carry out the size of rack for cleaning according to the model of photovoltaic panel Adjustment, so that body can adapt to the photovoltaic panel of different model, it is easy to assembly.Due to photovoltaic panel to be cleaned it is general all with its Ground is installed at an angle, that is to say, that when body is moved in photovoltaic panel, and with ground at an angle, therefore can now will Upper edge of the photovoltaic panel away from one end referred to as photovoltaic panel on ground, the one end near ground is referred to as the lower edge of photovoltaic panel, when body sets When putting in photovoltaic panel, near the upper edge of photovoltaic panel, the 3rd connecting rod 103 is near photovoltaic panel for the head rod 101 of rack for cleaning 1 Lower edge.
As shown in figure 4, for the structural representation of wiper mechanism, wiper mechanism 3 includes:Rack for cleaning, cleaning part, cleaning item and Cleaning part power unit., for the attachment in photovoltaic panel is peeled away, cleaning item is for by the attachment peeled away for cleaning part Clean out, cleaning part power unit for give cleaning part provide power.Cleaning part and cleaning item are equal with the annexation of rack for cleaning For detachable connection, so readily replaceable and maintenance.By the cooperation of cleaning part and cleaning item, photovoltaic can be effectively improved The cleaning performance of plate.
Cleaning part includes:The first coaxially connected round brush 301 and the second round brush 302.In cleaning process, the first round brush 301 and second round brush 302 rotate simultaneously.Rack for cleaning also includes the 5th connecting rod 1011, and one end of the 5th connecting rod 1011 leads to Cross the 5th T-shaped connecting plate 1012 to be fixedly connected with the second connecting rod 102, the other end passes through the 6th T-shaped connecting plate 1013 and the 4th Connecting rod 104 is fixedly connected.One end of first round brush 301 is detachably arranged on head rod 101, and the other end is detachable In the 5th connecting rod 1011.One end of second round brush 302 is detachably arranged in the 3rd connecting rod 103, another End is detachably arranged in the 5th connecting rod 1011.Certainly, cleaning part is not limited to by the first round brush 301 and the second round brush 302 the two round brush are constituted, and the quantity of round brush can be adjusted according to the actual requirements, for example, when the width of photovoltaic panel to be cleaned When spending larger, the quantity of round brush can be further added by.
Cleaning item includes:Two the first row brushes 303 and two the second row brushes 304.Two the first row brushes 303 are dismountable In the second connecting rod 102, two the second row brushes 304 are detachably arranged in the 4th connecting rod 104.Each row brush Structure it is all identical, as shown in figure 5, for the structural representation of row brush, each row brush includes:Row brush frame 305 and bristle 306, Installing hole 3051 is provided with row brush frame 305, row brush frame 305 is fixed in connecting rod through installing hole 3051 by screw, 306 one end of bristle is fixed in the bristle groove 3052 on row brush frame 305, it is preferred that filling adhesive will in the bristle groove 3052 Bristle 306 is fixed on row brush frame 305, so, during cleaning, it becomes possible to effectively prevent bristle from dropping, and extends clear Sweep the service life of part.It is due to being dismountable connected mode between cleaning item and rack for cleaning, convenient to change cleaning item at any time.It is excellent Choosing, bristle 306 adopts nylon, can be directly by 306 Melting And Solidification of bristle in bristle groove 3052, thus not using nylon Need to use binding agent, reduces cost.Certainly, cleaning item is not limited to by two the first row brushes 303 and two the second row brushes 304 Composition, the quantity of row brush can be adjusted according to the actual requirements, when the width of photovoltaic panel to be cleaned is larger, can be further added by The quantity of row brush.
Cleaning part power unit includes:Round brush motor 307, the round brush motor 307 are installed on head rod 101, when So also may be installed in the 3rd connecting rod 103, and be connected with central controller 2, this can just be controlled by central controller 2 Round brush motor 307 works, so as to control cleaning part rotation.Cleaning part power unit also includes:Self-locking device, the self-locking device position Between round brush motor 307 and cleaning part, when round brush motor 307 is shut down, cleaning part moment can be made to stop operating, so as to anti- Only cleaning part idle running, reduces abrasion unnecessary between cleaning part and photovoltaic panel, while being also avoided that debris wind.
Self-locking device includes:Worm gear and worm screw.The power output shaft of round brush motor 307 is connected with worm screw, worm and wheel Connection, worm gear are coaxially connected with the first round brush 301 of cleaning part.When being worked by central controller controls round brush motor 307, The power output shaft of round brush motor 307 drives worm screw to rotate, and worm screw drives worm gear wheel, worm gear to drive the first round brush 301 to rotate, Second round brush 302 is also with the first round brush 301 while rotation, the bristle on the first round brush 301 and the second round brush 302 and photovoltaic panel plate Face Rapid contact, peels away so as to will be attached to the attachment in photovoltaic panel plate face, and the attachment peeled away is again by the first row brush 303 and second row brush 304 sweep, at the end of cleaning, quit work by central controller controls round brush motor 307, due to only Worm gear can be driven by worm screw, and worm screw can not be driven by worm gear, so round brush motor 307 quits work, the first round brush 301 and Two round brush 302 can stop operating moment.
Sometimes the attachment in photovoltaic panel is tight with the comparison of plate face adhesion, is difficult to make attachment using cleaning part merely Peel away from photovoltaic panel plate face.Wiper mechanism on the body of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment of the present invention also includes water injector.The spray Water installations can be sprayed at water in photovoltaic panel drenches attachment, while playing a part of to lower the temperature photovoltaic panel.
As shown in fig. 6, for the structural representation of water injector, the water injector includes:Sparge pipe 308 and storage tank 309. Sparge pipe 308 is connected with storage tank 309.Sparge pipe 308 is detachably arranged on cleaning item, arranges some for spraying thereon Change the nozzle 3081 of water.Storage tank 309 is detachably arranged on rack for cleaning 1, is mounted therein with hydraulic pamp 3091, the hydraulic pamp 3091 are connected with sparge pipe 308, the water in storage tank 309 can be pumped in sparge pipe 308.Hydraulic pamp 3091 and central authorities' control Device 2 connects.The startup of hydraulic pamp 3091 can be controlled at any time by central controller 2 to close down, so as to control hydraulic pamp as needed 3091 carry out spraying-rinsing to photovoltaic panel.Nozzle 3081 spray atomized water can large area drench photovoltaic panel, water can be saved, Cleaning effect can be improved again.Further, since the atomized water that nozzle 3081 sprays can carry out large-area covering, light to photovoltaic panel Water on volt plate can be evaporated after the irradiation of sunlight, and the heat that can be taken away in evaporation process in photovoltaic panel makes photovoltaic panel lower the temperature, So as to improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic panel.
In order to accurately know the situation of the water yield in storage tank 309, water yield detection is additionally provided with storage tank 309 Alarm device 3010, the just alert when water yield detection alarm device 3010 detects 309 hydropenia of storage tank, notifies to use Family carries out moisturizing operation to storage tank 309.User gives storage tank 309 moisturizing for convenience, and the water injector also includes water aspirator 3011, it is preferred that the water aspirator is arranged on storage tank 309, when the water yield detects 3010 alert of alarm device, use Family is quickly moved to the water tank at dry point by central controller controls body, by the water aspirator 3011 from the water tank of peripheral hardware It is interior water to be added in storage tank 309.Body can be so made to be in optimal cleaning condition all the time.The water injector also includes With the water yield, distance recording unit, the distance recording unit detect that alarm device and central controller are connected respectively, when the water yield is detected When alarm device detects 309 hydropenia of storage tank, the distance recording unit is able to record that body moves to dry point from hydropenia point Range data, after water intaking terminates, central controller moves to the position of hydropenia point according to range data control body, so Wiper mechanism is controlled afterwards continues to complete remaining cleaning.
As shown in fig. 7, being travel mechanism's structural representation.Travel mechanism includes:Rack for cleaning, plane walking unit and side Walking unit.Plane walking unit is located at rack for cleaning below, and side walking unit is located at the side of rack for cleaning.Body is in photovoltaic panel When upper mobile, plane walking unit is contacted with the plate face of photovoltaic panel, the contacts side surfaces on edge in side walking unit and photovoltaic panel, Can play prevents body from dropping from photovoltaic panel.
Plane walking unit includes:First driving wheel 401, the first motor 4001, the second driving wheel 402, second drive Galvanic electricity machine 4002, the first driven pulley 403 and the second driven pulley 404.First driving wheel 401 is detachably arranged in head rod 101 and the 4th connecting rod 104 junction, the second driving wheel 402 is detachably arranged in the 3rd connecting rod 103 and the second connection The junction of bar 102, i.e. the first driving wheel 401 and the second driving wheel 402 are in a diagonal diagonal installed in rack for cleaning 1 On.So, when body in photovoltaic panel advances or retreats, the thrust being subject to is uniform, can make body in photovoltaic panel Upper stable movement.First driven pulley 403 is detachably arranged in the junction of head rod 101 and the second connecting rod 102, Second driven pulley 404 is detachably arranged in the junction of the 4th connecting rod 104 and the 3rd connecting rod 103, i.e., the two are driven Wheel is on diagonal another diagonal installed in rack for cleaning 1.It is of course also possible to the first driving wheel 401 and second is driven Wheel 402 is arranged on one side, it is also possible to change driving into by the first driven pulley 403 and the second driven pulley 404 or all Wheel.
Plane walking unit also includes:3rd driven pulley 407 and the 4th driven pulley 408, the 3rd driven pulley 407 are dismountable Installed in the 5th connecting rod 1011 and the junction of the second connecting rod 102, the 4th driven pulley 408 is detachably arranged in the 5th company The junction of extension bar 1011 and the 4th connecting rod 104.Pressure of the body to photovoltaic panel can so be disperseed, so as to avoid body from inciting somebody to action Pressure concentrates on the both sides of photovoltaic panel and photovoltaic panel is damaged.First driving wheel 401, the second driven pulley 404 and the 4th are driven Wheel 408 is connected by the first axle rod 410, and 409 two ends of the first axle rod are provided with first shaft coupling 4100.Second driving wheel 402nd, the first driven pulley 403 and the 3rd driven pulley 407 are connected by the second axle rod 420, and 420 two ends of the second axle rod are respectively provided with There is second shaft coupling 4200.By arranging axle rod, it is possible to increase the stability of this running body.First motor 4001 drives First driving wheel 401 is rotated, and is driven the first axle rod 410 to rotate, and then is driven the second driven pulley 404 and the 4th driven pulley 408 Rotate.Second motor 4002 drives the second driving wheel 402 to rotate, and drives the second axle rod 420 to rotate, and then drives first Driven pulley 403 and the 3rd driven pulley 407 are rotated.
Side walking unit includes:3rd driving wheel 405, the 3rd motor 4005, the 4th driving wheel 406 and 4 wheel driven Galvanic electricity machine 4006.3rd driving wheel 405 and the 4th driving wheel 404 are detachably arranged on head rod 101.First drives Galvanic electricity machine 4001, the second motor 4002, the 3rd motor 4005 and the 4th motor 4006 with central controller 2 Connection, can just control the working condition of above-mentioned motor by central controller 2, so as to control body in photovoltaic panel back and forth It is mobile.
Shown in Fig. 8, it is structural representation of the self-locking mechanism in travel mechanism.Self-locking mechanism includes being arranged on plane In walking unit:First from lock unit 501 and second from lock unit 502.First is arranged on the first driving electricity from lock unit 501 Between machine 4001 and the first driving wheel 401, for realizing the self-locking of the first driving wheel 401;Second is arranged on from lock unit 502 Between two motors 4002 and the second driving wheel 402, for realizing the self-locking of the second driving wheel 402.
First includes from lock unit 501:Worm gear and worm screw, power output shaft and the worm screw of the first motor 4001 connect Connect, worm and wheel connection, worm gear are coaxially connected with the first driving wheel 401, control the first motor by central controller 2 4001 work, the power output shaft of the first motor 4001 drive worm screw to rotate, and worm screw drives worm gear wheel, and worm gear drives the One driving wheel 401 is rotated;When the first motor 4001 quits work, as worm gear can only be driven by worm screw, and can not be by Worm gear drives worm screw, so the first motor 4,001 1 quits work, the first driving wheel 401 is also stopped operating therewith, so as to Realize the self-locking of the first driving wheel 401.
Second includes from lock unit 502:Worm gear and worm screw, power output shaft and the worm screw of the second motor 4002 connect Connect, worm and wheel connection, worm gear are coaxially connected with the second driving wheel 402, control the second motor by central controller 2 4002 work, the power output shaft of the second motor 4002 drive worm screw to rotate, and worm screw drives worm gear wheel, worm gear to drive and drive Wheel rotation;When the second motor 4002 quits work, as worm gear can only be driven by worm screw, and can not be driven by worm gear Worm screw, so the second motor 4,002 1 quits work, the second driving wheel 402 is also stopped operating therewith, so as to realize second The self-locking of driving wheel 402.
Self-locking mechanism also includes being arranged in the walking unit of side:3rd from lock unit 503 and four selfs lock unit 504.3rd is arranged between the 3rd motor 4005 and the 3rd driving wheel 405 from lock unit 503, for realizing the 3rd driving The self-locking of wheel 405;Four selfs lock unit 504 is arranged between the 4th motor 4006 and the 4th driving wheel 406, for realizing The self-locking of the 4th driving wheel 406.
3rd includes from lock unit 503:Worm gear and worm screw, power output shaft and the worm screw of the 3rd motor 4005 connect Connect, worm and wheel connection, worm gear are coaxially connected with the 3rd driving wheel 405, control the 3rd motor by central controller 2 4005 work, the power output shaft of the 3rd motor 4005 drive worm screw to rotate, and worm screw drives worm gear wheel, and worm gear drives the Three driving wheels 405 are rotated;When the 3rd motor 4005 quits work, as worm gear can only be driven by worm screw, and can not be by Worm gear drives worm screw, so the 3rd motor 4,005 1 quits work, the 3rd driving wheel 405 is also stopped operating therewith, so as to Realize the self-locking of the 3rd driving wheel 405.
Four selfs lock unit 504 includes:Worm gear and worm screw, power output shaft and the worm screw of the 4th motor 4006 connect Connect, worm and wheel connection, worm gear are coaxially connected with the 4th driving wheel 406, control the 4th motor by central controller 2 4006 work, the power output shaft of the 4th motor 4006 drive worm screw to rotate, and worm screw drives worm gear wheel, worm gear to drive and drive Wheel rotation;When the 4th motor 4006 quits work, as worm gear can only be driven by worm screw, and can not be driven by worm gear Worm screw, so the 4th motor 4,006 1 quits work, the 4th driving wheel 406 is also stopped operating therewith, so as to realize the 4th The self-locking of driving wheel 406.
Worm and gear in self-locking mechanism 5 can make body with constant speed drive in photovoltaic panel, so as to ensure photovoltaic panel Cleaning performance.In addition, self-locking mechanism can also be such that body moment stops in photovoltaic panel, so as to avoid due to inertia, make Body goes out photovoltaic panel, and when body rests in acclive photovoltaic panel, body can be avoided to slide due to action of gravity.
As the photovoltaic panel in photovoltaic plate array may have the uneven situation of level due to due to installing ground, or When the power of person's body is uneven, run-off the straight when body can be caused to clean on photovoltaic plate array is even rocked, so that this Body steadily can not be moved, and can so reduce the cleaning performance of photovoltaic panel.Therefore body also includes straightening mechanism 6.As shown in figure 9, The structural representation on rack for cleaning 1 is arranged on for straightening mechanism 6.Straightening mechanism 6 includes:First correction guide wheel 601 and second is rectified Positive guide wheel 602.First correction guide wheel 601 and the second correction guide wheel 602 are detachably arranged in the 3rd connecting rod.Such as Figure 10 It is shown, it is to correct the angle schematic diagram between guide wheel and driving wheel, there is folder in the first correction guide wheel 601 and the 3rd driving wheel 405 Angle a, 0 ° of < a≤5 °;There are angle b, 0 ° of < b≤5 ° in the second correction guide wheel 602 and the 4th driving wheel 406;Preferably, angle a Angle it is identical with the angle of angle b.Because there is angle a, the second correction in the first correction guide wheel 601 and the 3rd driving wheel 405 There is angle b in guide wheel 602 and the 4th driving wheel 406, therefore, when body not run-off the straight in photovoltaic panel, the first correction guide wheel 601 and second correct side of the guide wheel 602 not in contact with photovoltaic panel lower edge, only when body run-off the straight in photovoltaic panel, And when inclined angle c reaches 0 ° of < c≤5 °, the first correction guide wheel 601 and the second correction guide wheel 602 can just contact photovoltaic panel The side of lower edge, so that body can be steadily moved in photovoltaic panel, does not shake.
Sometimes photovoltaic panel to be cleaned may be close to vertical with the angle on ground, and now body is moved in photovoltaic panel When, may drop from photovoltaic panel.Body also includes escapement 7.Which is detachably arranged on rack for cleaning 1, for preventing Only body drops from photovoltaic panel.
As shown in figure 11, it is a kind of structural representation of escapement on rack for cleaning.Escapement includes:First Hook and the second hook.Certainly, escapement can also be linked up with using one.First hook and the dismountable peace of the second hook It is mounted on head rod 101.First hook and the second hook include:Fixed part 701 and anti-delinking part 702, fixed part 701 are used In being fixed by screws on rack for cleaning 1, anti-delinking part 702 is used to clasp photovoltaic panel.Preferably, fixed part 701 and anti-delinking part 702 It is mutually connected vertically, i.e., the first hook and the second hook are L-shaped structure.In photovoltaic panel during normal movement, first hangs body The anti-delinking part 702 of hook and the second hook does not contact photovoltaic panel.Preferably, the first hook and the second hook are removably installed respectively On the both sides of round brush motor 307, so make in photovoltaic panel when body is hung over, pressure of the body to edge in photovoltaic panel can be disperseed, Prevent from damaging photovoltaic panel.
As shown in figure 12, it is structural representation of another kind of escapement on rack for cleaning, in the escapement Link up with and with Figure 11 differences be:Some through holes 703 are vertically provided with first hook and the respective fixed part of the second hook, To be inserted by screw and tightened with rack for cleaning in different through holes, it becomes possible to realized between anti-delinking part 702 and the rack for cleaning of hook The adjustment of distance, so that escapement can preferably adapt to the photovoltaic panel of different-thickness.
There is the photovoltaic plate array of substantial amounts in solar energy power generating factory, during operation, some photovoltaic panels are difficult Exempt to damage, if whether damaged using manual observation block photovoltaic panel, waste time and energy.Therefore the body of the application includes:Dynamic Temperature measuring mechanism, which is arranged on rack for cleaning, for the temperature in kinetic measurement photovoltaic panel and measurement body in photovoltaic panel Position.
As shown in figure 13, it is structural representation of the dynamic temperature measurement mechanism after rack for cleaning.Dynamic temperature measurement mechanism 8 wraps Include:Temperature probe 801, probe mobile device and position-measurement device 802.Temperature probe 801 is used to obtain the temperature in photovoltaic panel Temperature data is simultaneously transferred to central controller 2 by degree, it is preferred that adopt wireless transmission.Probe mobile device is used for Temperature probe 801 is driven to move in photovoltaic panel.Position-measurement device 802 is used to obtain position data of the body in photovoltaic panel And position data is transferred to into central controller, it is preferred that adopt wireless transmission.
Probe mobile device includes first gear 803, second gear 804, the first worm screw 805, the first worm gear 806, first Transmission wheel 807, the second transmission wheel 808 and transmission belt 809.First gear 803 with second from lock unit 502 worm gear coaxially connect Connect, second gear 804 is engaged with first gear 803, the first worm gear 806 is connected with second gear 804 by the first worm screw 805, First transmission wheel 807 is coaxially connected with the first worm gear 806, and the second transmission wheel 808 passes through transmission belt 809 and the first transmission wheel 807 Connection, is provided with probe bracket 8010 in transmission belt 809, temperature probe 801 is arranged on probe bracket 8010.Second drives electricity Machine 4002 works, drive second from lock unit 502 worm gear wheel, second from lock unit 502 worm gear drive first gear 803 Rotate, first gear 803 drives second gear 804 to rotate, second gear 804 drives the first worm screw 805 to rotate, the first worm screw 805 the first worm gears 806 of drive are rotated, and the first worm gear 806 drives the first transmission wheel 807 to rotate, and the first transmission wheel 807 drives transmission Band 809 is moved, so as to drive temperature probe 801 to move.Central controller 2 is judged according to the temperature data and position data that obtain Go out with the presence or absence of the photovoltaic panel damaged in the photovoltaic panel passed through by body, if the photovoltaic panel damaged, central controller will By the positional information of the photovoltaic panel of damage display device or by note or voice by way of notify maintainer, allow Photovoltaic panel of the maintainer as early as possible to damaging is keeped in repair.
Power module 9 in body is arranged on rack for cleaning, provides electric power for each consuming parts to body.Power supply The charging connector charged to power module is also associated with module 9.As shown in FIG. 14 and 15, solids of the Figure 14 for charging connector Figure, side views of the Figure 15 for charging connector.The charging connector includes:Connector for joint 901, telescopic electric-conductor, electric-conductor are exhausted Edge shell 902 and electric-conductor installed part 903.Connector for joint 901 is fixedly connected with electric-conductor installed part 903, and for it is clear Wash frame connection.903 two ends of electric-conductor installed part are provided with screwed hole 9031, after the insertion screwed hole 9031 of electric-conductor insulation crust 902, It is fixed on electric-conductor installed part 903 by hollow insulating nut 904.Telescopic electric-conductor includes:Spring and electric-conductor 905, spring is arranged in electric-conductor insulation crust 902, and 905 one end of electric-conductor is passed through spring or wire and connected with charging module Connect, due to the effect of spring, electric-conductor 905 can stretch in electric-conductor insulation crust 902 up and down.Electric-conductor insulation crust Water proof and dust proof cap 906 is also equipped with 902, is prevented dust and rainwater from entering in electric-conductor insulation crust 902, is shortened charging connector Service life.Electric-conductor 905 can be copper post or charcoal post.Preferably copper post, is not easily broken, long service life.
As shown in figure 16, be charging storehouse 11 structural representation.Charging storehouse is used to stop body and be charged which.Fill Electric storehouse 11 includes:Charging parking bracket 111 and Telescopic support.Charging parking bracket 111, for stopping body and charging to which; Telescopic support, for supporting and adjusting the angle of charging parking bracket 111, makes charging parking bracket 111 with photovoltaic panel to be cleaned In same plane.Charging parking bracket 111 includes charging part 1110 and stop portion 1111.Be provided with charging part 1110 for The solar energy photovoltaic panel 1112 of this bulk charging;Stop portion 1111 is used to stop body.The back of charging part 1110 is provided with photoelectricity Transducer and energy storage, optical-electrical converter for solar energy is converted to electric energy, energy storage is for deposited by electric energy Storage is got up.Self-charging terminal 112 is detachably installed in stop portion 1111.Self-charging terminal 112 is for being connected with charging connector.
As shown in figure 17, be self-charging terminal 112 structural blast schematic diagram, self-charging terminal 112 includes:Terminal is fixed Block 1121, slope electric-conductor 1122 and slope electric-conductor installed part 1123.1123 one end of slope electric-conductor installed part arranges first Mounting groove 11231, the other end arrange the second mounting groove 11232.Slope electric-conductor installed part 1123 is fixedly mounted on terminal and fixes On block 1121, the two ends of slope electric-conductor 1122 are respectively installed in the first mounting groove 11231 and the second mounting groove 11232.Tiltedly Slope electric-conductor 1122 is preferably copper electric-conductor.Slope electric-conductor 1122 is connected with energy storage by wire.
Telescopic support includes:Symmetrically arranged two the first extensible members, symmetrically arranged two the second extensible members and Symmetrically arranged two the 3rd extensible members.Symmetrically arranged two the first extensible member upper ends are turned with one end of charging parking bracket 111 Dynamic connection;Symmetrically arranged two the 3rd extensible members are fixedly connected with the other end of charging parking bracket 111;Symmetrically arranged two Second extensible member is fixedly mounted on the middle part of charging parking bracket 111.
First extensible member, the second extensible member and the 3rd extensible member include:Sleeve pipe 113 and expansion link 114, on sleeve pipe 113 Some through holes are set, some screwed holes are set on expansion link 114, expansion link is realized through different through hole whorl holes by screw Flexible connection between 114 and sleeve pipe 113.Except for the difference that, the expansion link in the first extensible member is rotated with charging parking bracket and is connected, Expansion link in second extensible member and the 3rd extensible member is fixedly connected with charging parking bracket.Certainly, between sleeve pipe and expansion link Scalable being fixedly connected can also be realized by hydraulic pressure, certainly, be also not limited to that above two is scalable to be fixedly connected. The first reinforcement 115, two the first reinforcements 115 are additionally provided between first extensible member, the second extensible member and the 3rd extensible member Between be additionally provided with two the second reinforcements 116, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase the stability in charging storehouse.
The lower end of the first extensible member, the second extensible member and the 3rd extensible member is respectively provided with universal wheel 117, is moved easily charging Storehouse, improves the maneuverability in charging storehouse.
Before starting to be cleaned to photovoltaic panel to be cleaned, charging storehouse is moved to beside photovoltaic panel to be cleaned, regulation is filled The Telescopic support in electric storehouse makes charging parking bracket 111 with photovoltaic panel to be cleaned in same plane, and body starts cleaning, During which exits into photovoltaic panel to be cleaned from charging parking bracket 111, while also to the sun on charging parking bracket 111 Energy photovoltaic panel 1112 is cleaned, and realizes the self-cleaning function in charging storehouse.
When body needs to charge, after resting in the charging parking bracket 111 in charging storehouse, the charging connector on body can be with Self-charging terminal 112 is contacted, so as to realize the charging of body.Specific in the application, charging connector includes that two telescopic are filled Electric part, self-charging terminal 112 include two slope electric-conductors 1122, when body rests in the charging parking bracket 111 in charging storehouse, Two telescopic charging parts are contacted with two slope electric-conductors 1122, and slide friction in the domatic of slope electric-conductor 1122, this Sample can wipe the oxide layer on slope electric-conductor 1122, so as to ensure two telescopic charging parts and two slope electric-conductors Stably contact between 1122 such that it is able to prevent the self-charging terminal 112 in charging storehouse aging, extend making for self-charging terminal 112 Use the life-span.
Embodiment two
As shown in figure 18, be another photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment disclosed by the invention functional block diagram, the present embodiment discloses A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment with one difference of embodiment be:Disclosed in the present embodiment, photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment is also wrapped Include:Barrier getting over mechanism 13 and the telescoping mechanism 14 being arranged on rack for cleaning 1.Barrier getting over mechanism 13, for making body pass through two Space between photovoltaic plate array.Telescoping mechanism 14 is connected with central controller 2, for making body move on barrier getting over mechanism 13 It is dynamic, and coordinate barrier getting over mechanism 13 to make body pass through the space between the photovoltaic plate array of two dislocation.
Sometimes, as a certain distance is not only existed between photovoltaic plate array, and also likely to be present high and low position Dislocation.So by the cooperation of barrier getting over mechanism 13 and telescoping mechanism 14 in the application, it becomes possible to make body from a photovoltaic panel battle array Row are smoothly moved to by another photovoltaic plate array.
As shown in figure 19, it is structural representation of the telescoping mechanism 14 on rack for cleaning.Telescoping mechanism includes:First stretches Contracting unit and the second telescopic unit, the first telescopic unit and the second telescopic unit are respectively provided with pars contractilis 141, housing section 142 and move Power portion 143, pars contractilis 141 are located in housing section 142, and can do stretching motion under the drive of power part 143.Rack for cleaning 1 Head rod 101 be provided with the first fix bar 1014, in the second connecting rod 102 of rack for cleaning 1 and the 4th connecting rod 104 it Between be provided with the second fix bar 1015 and the 3rd fix bar 1016, the 3rd connecting rod 103 of rack for cleaning 1 is provided with the 4th fix bar 1017.First telescopic unit is detachably arranged between the first fix bar 1014 and the second fix bar 1015.Second is flexible single Unit is detachably arranged between the 3rd fix bar 1016 and the 4th fix bar 1017.In the application, the first telescopic unit is the One linear electric machine, the second telescopic unit are the second linear electric machine.First linear electric machine and the second linear electric machine with central control Device 2 connects, and controls the first linear electric machine and the work of the second linear electric machine by central controller 2.
As shown in figure 20, be barrier getting over mechanism structural representation.Barrier getting over mechanism 13, which is used to stop body temporarily, and matches somebody with somebody Close telescoping mechanism 14 and realize that body moves to the photovoltaic panel of high position from the photovoltaic panel of lower position, or from the photovoltaic panel of high position Move to the photovoltaic panel of lower position.
Barrier getting over mechanism includes:Movable stand and fixed mount.Movable stand, stops body for interim;Fixed mount, moves for placing Moving frame simultaneously coordinates telescoping mechanism to realize moving on movable stand or declining.
Movable stand includes:First connector 1301, the second connector 1302, the 3rd connector 1303 and the 4th connector 1304.First connector 1301, the second connector 1302, the 3rd connector 1303 and 1304 head and the tail of the 4th connector connect into one Rectangular box, is provided with movable pulley 1305 on the second connector 1302 and the 4th connector 1304.Second connector, 1302 He Locating part 1306 is provided with 4th connector 1304.Sensor stand 1307 is provided with 3rd connector 1303, its use In sensor is placed, the sensor is connected with central controller 2, and the sensor is used to detect whether body rests in movable stand On.
Fixed mount includes:Carrier and carrying bracing frame.
Carrier includes:First bearer connection bar 1308, the second bearer connection bar 1309,1310 and of the 3rd bearer connection bar 4th bearer connection bar 1311.First bearer connection bar 1308, the second bearer connection bar 1309,1310 and of the 3rd bearer connection bar 4th bearer connection bar, 1311 head and the tail connect into rectangle frame.Locking device is additionally provided with carrier, the locking device is fixed and set Put between the second bearer connection bar 1309 and the 4th bearer connection bar 1311.The locking device is coordinated with locating part 1306 makes shifting Moving frame is locked on fixed mount.Baffle plate 1312 is fixedly installed on 3rd bearer connection bar 1310.
As shown in figure 21, be barrier getting over mechanism magnified partial view.Locking device includes:Base plate 1313, the first column 1314, Second column 1315, the 3rd column 1316, the 4th column 1317, locking bail 1318, rotation urging part 1319, return unit and drawstring 1320.One end of base plate 1313 is fixed on the second bearer connection bar 1309, and the other end is fixed on the 4th bearer connection bar 1311 On.The both sides of base plate 1313 are respectively arranged with fixed column 1321.Locking bail 1318 is rotated with fixed column 1321 and is connected, and which is used to lock Tight locating part 1306.Rotation urging part 1319 its be connected with one end of locking bail 1318, can be by locking bail in the presence of external force 1318 outwards pull open, so as to locating part 1306 is unlocked.Return unit is arranged on the company of rotation urging part 1319 and locking bail 1318 Place is met, when the external force for acting on rotation urging part 1319 disappears, which can make locking bail 1318 inwardly set back.The reset machine Structure is torsion spring.
First column 1314 and the 4th column 1317 are separately fixed at the two ends of base plate 1313, are equipped with two thereon vertically Pulley 1322, the two positions of vertical pulley 1322 on column are one high and one low, and the two vertical pulleys 1322 are by the One fixed block 1323 is detachably arranged on column, and the two vertical pulleys 1322 are installed in the one of the first fixed block 1323 End.
Second column 1315 and the 3rd column 1316 are arranged between the first column 1314 and the 4th column 1317, and second stands A horizontal trolley 1324 is equipped with post 1315 and the 3rd column 1316, horizontal trolley 1324 can by the second fixed block 1325 Dismounting on column, wherein, the horizontal trolley 1324 on the second column 1325 is arranged on 1325 one end of the second fixed block Top, the horizontal trolley 1324 on the 3rd column 1316 is arranged on the lower section of 1325 one end of the second fixed block.Drawstring 1320 One end is fixedly connected with a rotation urging part 1319, the other end be wrapped over after vertical pulley 1322 and horizontal trolley 1324 with it is another One rotation urging part is fixedly connected.The simple structure of this locking device, stability reliability.Vertical pulley and horizontal trolley Arrange, drawstring can be made to be not easily disconnected from pulley, it is ensured that the lasting force to rotation urging part 1319.
Carrying bracing frame is used for support carrying frame, and rotates with which and be connected.The supporting leg for carrying bracing frame can be adjusted Highly.Carry and be additionally provided with against frame 1327 on bracing frame, which is used for against baffle plate 1312, prevents the pars contractilis of the second telescopic unit When withstanding baffle plate 1312, baffle plate 1312 is pushed up askew.
When body moves to high position photovoltaic panel from lower position photovoltaic panel, body is first moved to from lower position photovoltaic panel In moving frame, the sensor sensing on movable stand to body is moved on movable stand, signals to central controller, central controller Control body makes which be still on movable stand, and then, the second telescopic unit of central controller controls makes stretching for the second telescopic unit Contracting portion 141 persistently stretches out, and pars contractilis 141 withstands baffle plate 1312, movable stand is slowly moved up along carrier, until movement Locking bail 1318 is backed down by the locating part 1306 on frame, when locking bail 1318 sets back in the presence of return unit, is now locked Tight hook 1318 will block locating part 1306, and now, central controller 2 controls the pars contractilis 141 of the second telescopic unit and retracts, by Locating part 1306 has been blocked in locking bail 1318, so movable stand cannot glide, then, central controller 2 control body from High position photovoltaic panel is moved on displacement frame, that is, body is completed from lower position photovoltaic panel to the work(to high position photovoltaic panel obstacle detouring Energy.
When body moves to lower position photovoltaic panel from high position photovoltaic panel, body is first moved to from high position photovoltaic panel In moving frame, the sensor sensing on movable stand to body is moved on movable stand, signals to central controller, central controller Control body makes which be still on movable stand, and then, central controller first controls the second telescopic unit, makes the second telescopic unit Pars contractilis 141 persistently stretches out, and pars contractilis 141 withstands baffle plate 1312, then controls the first telescopic unit, makes the first telescopic unit Pars contractilis persistently stretches out, and the groove on pars contractilis snaps in drawstring 1320, and drawstring 1320 passes through vertical pulley 1322 and horizontal trolley 1324 exert a force on rotation urging part 1319, and then locking bail 1318 is outwards pulled open and make locking bail by rotation urging part 1319 1318 are departed from locating part 1306, then allow the pars contractilis of the second telescopic unit slowly to be retracted, and movable stand is due to the effect of gravity Slowly move down along carrier, stop moving down after the positive stop 1326 on carried frame is blocked, afterwards, central authorities' control Device control body processed moves to lower position photovoltaic panel from displacement frame, that is, complete body from high position photovoltaic panel to lower position light The function of volt plate obstacle detouring.
Although being described in detail to the present invention with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for a person skilled in the art, Which still can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or which part technical characteristic is carried out etc. With replacing, all any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements within the spirit and principles in the present invention, made etc. should be included in this Within the protection domain of invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment, which includes body, it is characterised in that the body includes telescoping mechanism, described flexible Mechanism is arranged on rack for cleaning, head rod that the rack for cleaning includes being detachably connected, the second connecting rod, the 3rd connecting rod With the 4th connecting rod, the head rod is provided with the first fix bar, second connecting rod and the 4th connecting rod it Between be provided with the second fix bar and the 3rd fix bar, the 3rd connecting rod is provided with the 4th fix bar, and the telescoping mechanism includes First telescopic unit and the second telescopic unit, first telescopic unit are detachably arranged in first fix bar and second Between fix bar, second telescopic unit is detachably arranged between the 3rd fix bar and the 4th fix bar;
The photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment also includes barrier getting over mechanism, and the telescoping mechanism coordinates the barrier getting over mechanism to realize the body Another photovoltaic plate array is moved to from a photovoltaic plate array;The barrier getting over mechanism includes movable stand and fixed mount, described solid Determine on frame, to arrange locking device, finite place piece is set on the movable stand, the locking device coordinates the locating part will be described Movable stand is locked on the fixed mount;The fixed mount includes carrier and carries bracing frame;
The locking device includes:Base plate, locking bail, rotation urging part, return unit, the first column, the second column, the 3rd stand Post, the 4th column and drawstring;The base plate is fixed on the fixed mount;Fixed column, the locking are provided with the base plate Hook is rotated with the fixed column and is connected;The rotation urging part is connected with one end of the locking bail, and the rotation urging part exists The locking bail can be outwards pulled open in the presence of external force, so as to the locating part is unlocked;The return unit is arranged on described The junction of rotation urging part and the locking bail, when the external force for acting on the rotation urging part disappears, the return unit The locking bail is made to set back;First column and the 4th column are located at the two ends of the base plate, second column and 3rd column is located between first column and the 4th column;First column and the 4th column are equipped with two positions one High one low vertical pulley;A horizontal trolley is equipped with second column and the 3rd column;The drawstring winding is described It is connected with the rotation urging part after vertical pulley and horizontal trolley.
2. photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first telescopic unit includes:It is flexible Portion, housing section and power part, the pars contractilis are located in the housing section, and can do flexible under the drive of the power part Motion.
3. photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that first telescopic unit is first linear Motor.
4. photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that second telescopic unit includes:It is flexible Portion, housing section and power part, the pars contractilis are located in the housing section, and can do flexible under the drive of the power part Motion.
5. photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment according to claim 4, it is characterised in that second telescopic unit is second linear Motor.
6. photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the head rod, the second connecting rod, Four sides of each connecting rod in the 3rd connecting rod and the 4th connecting rod are both provided with chute.
7. photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the head rod, the second connecting rod, The inside of each connecting rod in the 3rd connecting rod and the 4th connecting rod is provided with some hollow bores through whole connecting rod.
8. photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the quantity of the hollow bore is 5.
CN201610320340.1A 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment Active CN105834186B (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610320340.1A CN105834186B (en) 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment
US15/437,441 US9923513B2 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-02-21 Cleaning mechanism having water spray function and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same
US15/442,474 US9831820B1 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-02-24 Moving mechanism and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same
US15/444,347 US10008976B2 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-02-28 Self-locking mechanism and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same
US15/445,920 US9831821B1 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-02-28 Correction mechanism and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same
US15/445,994 US10016637B2 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-03-01 Anti-falling mechanism and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same
US15/448,513 US10050582B2 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-03-02 Self-charging terminal and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same
US15/447,143 US10050468B2 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-03-02 Charging compartment and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same
US15/449,887 US9831822B1 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-03-03 Telescopic mechanism and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same
US15/449,999 US9831823B1 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-03-05 Obstacle crossing mechanism and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same

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CN106517005A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-22 河南森源重工有限公司 Automatic-balanced telescopic arm and photovoltaic plate cleaning equipment with telescopic arm
CN111438089A (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-07-24 河北工程大学 Automatic cleaning device for solar photovoltaic panel

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