CN105832457A - Intelligent adjustable neck support - Google Patents

Intelligent adjustable neck support Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105832457A
CN105832457A CN 201610153761 CN201610153761A CN105832457A CN 105832457 A CN105832457 A CN 105832457A CN 201610153761 CN201610153761 CN 201610153761 CN 201610153761 A CN201610153761 A CN 201610153761A CN 105832457 A CN105832457 A CN 105832457A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
neck
neck support
front portion
left
right
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CN 201610153761
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105832457B (en )
Inventor
荣克峰
张晓霞
王若临
荣紫涵
周显亮
王海东
张立华
周文昊
王峰
王梦涵
董小凡
吕晓丽
王杨
杨强
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山东省固特矫医疗器械科技有限公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/05Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for immobilising
    • A61F5/055Cervical collars

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of medical equipment, and discloses an intelligent adjustable neck support, which comprises a neck support front portion and a neck support rear portion, wherein two sides of the neck support front portion are connected to two sides of the neck support rear portion by virtue of magic tapes, so that a columnar form, which is similar to the profile of a neck, is formed; a cheek supporting mechanism and a neck support front portion bracket are arranged on the neck support front portion, and the cheek supporting mechanism is in charge of supporting cheeks and making the cheeks move within a local range by a small amplitude and the neck support front portion bracket takes effects on supporting and regulating the height of the neck support; the cheek supporting mechanism is arranged above the neck support front portion bracket and the cheek supporting mechanism is connected to the neck support front portion bracket by virtue of a left side plate and a right side plate, so that an air tube opening for breathing and ventilation is formed. The neck support provided by the invention can effectively limit cervical vertebra in bending, stretching and rotating; through the heights of left and right sides, independent or synchronous adjustment is achieved; and since the cheeks can move by a small amplitude, a patient or a user, in a treatment process for a relatively long time, can conveniently and relatively easily turn and swing head left and right by a small amplitude and can do such action as talking, taking food and the like that the movement of the cheeks is required.

Description

一种智能调节式颈托 An intelligent adjustable neck support

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及医疗器械领域,特别涉及一种智能调节式颈托。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of medical devices, and particularly relates to an intelligent adjustable neck support.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]颈托是颈椎病辅助治疗器具,能起到制动和保护颈椎,减少神经的磨损,减轻椎间关节创伤性反应,并有利于组织水肿的消退和巩固疗效、防止复发的作用;职场工作人员现在工作压力大,加班工作更加重颈椎的负担。 [0002] cervical collar cervical spondylosis adjuvant treatment appliance, and can play a protective cervical brake, reducing wear nerve, intervertebral joint reduce traumatic reaction subsided and facilitate tissue edema and consolidation effect, preventing relapse; workplace staff now work pressure, overtime work more burden cervical spine. 现在,智能手机的普及,人们在休闲时间也在低头看智能手机,在休闲中也加重了颈椎的负担,更容易引发颈椎病。 Now, the popularity of smart phones, people are looking down at their leisure time smartphone in leisure also increased the burden on the cervical spine, more likely to lead to cervical spondylosis.

[0003]医院经常采用的颈托,可限制颈椎的弯曲、拉伸和转动,以促进佩戴者的恢复;可根据佩戴者需要调节颈托的大小使之固定在颈部;可根据个人需要调节颈托的总高度;颈托的功能不断增加的同时,结构也越来越复杂。 [0003] Hospital often used cervical collar, cervical limit bending, stretching and rotation, to facilitate recovery of a wearer; according to need to adjust the size of the wearer's neck collar to fix it in the neck; may be adjusted according to individual needs the total height of the neck collar; neck support function is increasing, while more and more complex structure.

[0004]现有技术中,由于颈托的佩戴时间较长,患者或使用者在较长时间的治疗过程中,由于经常会左右小幅度扭转、摆动头部,及说话和进食时腮部活动等动作,使得颈托存在头部不能左右小幅度扭转,腮部活动不灵活的问题,会增加患者的痛苦,对颈部治疗不利。 [0004] prior art, due to the longer time wearing neck collar, the patient or user in the course of treatment for a long time, since about often a slight twist, swing head, cheeks and talking and eating activities etc, so that the head is not a problem cervical collar around a slight twist, cheeks activities are not flexible, it will increase the suffering of patients, unfavorable treatment on the neck. 再者,虽然颈托具有整体的高度调节的功能,但是,对于斜颈患者,尤其是小儿斜颈的患者,在初期治疗时,由于颈托不能单独实现左右颈部的高度调节,使得现有技术的颈托存在佩戴不适、矫形效果不佳的问题,无法分别对颈部两侧进行有效的固定和支撑。 Furthermore, although the entire cervical collar having a height adjustment feature, however, for torticollis patients, especially pediatric patients torticollis, when the initial treatment, since the height adjustment can not be achieved cervical collar around the neck of the individual, so that the existing present wear discomfort, bad effects orthopedic neck collar technical problems, not both sides of the neck are effectively fixed and supported.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种智能调节式颈托,解决了现有技术中头部不能左右小幅度扭转,腮部活动不灵活的问题,还解决了颈托不能单独实现左右颈部的高度调节的问题。 [0005] The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing an intelligent adjustable cervical collar solves the prior art problems can not be left a slight head twisting, cheeks activities are not flexible, but also to solve the neck collar can not be achieved alone about neck height adjustment problems.

[0006] —种智能调节式颈托,包括颈托前部、颈托后部,颈托前部两侧通过魔术带与颈托后部两侧连接,形成与颈部轮廓相仿的柱形;颈托前部设有能够支撑腮部并使腮部局部小幅度运动的腮托机构和起支撑作用及单独调节颈托左右高度的颈托前部支架,腮托机构位于颈托前部支架上方,通过左侧板、右侧板与颈托前部支架连接,形成了能通风透气的气管开口。 [0006] - intelligences adjustable cervical collar cervical collar comprising a front portion, a rear neck brace, both sides of the front portion of the connection neck collar, the neck portion is formed by a cylindrical contour similar magic tape on both sides and a rear neck support; neck collar front portion provided with means capable of supporting cheeks chinrest local cheeks and small amplitude movements and play a supportive role and individual adjustment of the height of the neck collar around the neck portion of the front bracket holder, chinrest mechanism located above the neck portion of the front bracket Torr , right side plates are connected by the left side plate and the front bracket cervical collar, can form a tracheal ventilation openings.

[0007]作为进一步的技术方案,腮托机构包括上腮托板和下腮托板,下腮托板左右两侧与左侧板、右侧板扣件连接;腮托机构上设有能够调节腮托左右位置的滑块,上腮托板和下腮托板上设有凹槽,滑块的两端设置在凹槽内,凹槽截面为一端中部开口的矩形。 [0007] As a further aspect, the mechanism comprises a chinrest cheek and a lower cheek pallet the pallet, the left and right sides of the pallet and left cheek plate, right side plate connecting fastener; provided with means capable of adjusting the chinrest chinrest left position of the slide, is provided on the upper and lower cheek gills pallet pallet recess ends, the slider is disposed within the groove, the groove has a rectangular cross-section open at one end of the middle.

[0008]作为进一步的技术方案,滑块包括上滚柱、连接部件和下滚柱;连接部件一端与上滚柱轴套连接,另一端与下滚柱轴套连接;上滚柱设置在上腮托板的凹槽内,下滚柱设置在下腮托板的凹槽内。 [0008] As a further aspect, the slider includes an upper rollers and the lower roller connecting member; connecting member having one end connected to the roller sleeve, and the other end connected to the lower roller sleeve; disposed on the upper roller pallet recess cheek, lower cheek lower rollers disposed within the recess of the pallet.

[0009]作为进一步的技术方案,颈托前部支架上设有颈托高度调节机构,颈托前部支架左右两侧上设有与高度调节机构配合作用的颈托高度调节档位,高度调节机构与颈托高度调节档位连接;高度调节机构上设有高度调节旋钮,位于颈托前部支架前端。 [0009] As a further aspect, the height adjustment mechanism is provided with a neck collar on the neck portion of the front bracket holder, neck collar is provided with right and left front brackets height adjusting mechanism cooperates neck support height adjustment range on both sides of the height adjustment neck support height adjustment mechanism connected to the gear; height adjusting mechanism provided on the height adjustment knob, the front end of the cradle neck portion of the front bracket.

[0010]作为进一步的技术方案,颈托前部支架上设有换挡开关,位于高度调节旋钮上方,换挡开关与颈托高度调节机构连接。 [0010] As a further aspect, is provided on the neck portion of the front bracket Tropsch shift switch is located above the height adjusting knob, the shift switch connected to a neck collar height adjustment mechanism.

[0011 ]作为进一步的技术方案,高度调节旋钮上设有齿轮,高度调节机构包括左齿条、右齿条、左定位片和右定位片;左定位片中部与左齿条连接,左定位片底部在颈托前部支架内相对滑动,左齿条通过调节换挡开关与高度调节旋钮上的齿轮啮合;右定位片中部与右齿条连接,右定位片底部在颈托前部支架内相对滑动,右齿条通过调节换挡开关与高度调节旋钮上的齿轮啮合。 [0011] As a further aspect, the height adjustment knob is provided with a gear, a rack height adjusting mechanism includes left and right rack, left and right positioning piece positioning piece; middle left positioning sheet and left rack connection, the left positioning sheet the bottom of the neck brace relative sliding bracket front portion, a left rack gear shift by adjusting the height adjustment switch knob gear; the right middle and right rack positioning piece is connected, the right bottom piece is positioned in the opposing front neck support bracket sliding, the right rack gear by adjusting the height adjustment gear shift switch and the knob.

[0012]作为进一步的技术方案,颈托后部的两侧设有圆形头部护托,头部护托与颈托后部转轴式连接;颈托后部的中部设有头部开口。 [0012] As a further aspect, both sides of the rear portion of a circular neck support head nursing care, nursing care head and neck support shaft rear connector; neck support is provided in the middle of the rear opening of the head.

[0013]作为进一步的技术方案,颈托前部支架的前端下侧与颈部贴合处设有分压片。 [0013] As a further aspect, the distal end portion of the front bracket of the cervical collar and the neck side at the bonded sheet has a partial pressure.

[0014]作为进一步的技术方案,还包括胸部扩展支撑机构,胸部扩展支撑机构包括前胸护板,后背护板,前胸护板通过尼龙搭扣与后背护板连接;前胸护板和后背护板通过支撑杆分别与颈托前部、颈托后部连接。 [0014] As a further aspect, the support mechanism further including chest expansion, comprising a support mechanism extended breast shield chest, back guard, chest guard plate and connected by velcro back fender; chest guard and with the back fender cervical collar front, rear support rods are connected by a neck brace.

[0015]作为进一步的技术方案,支撑杆上设有伸缩杆,所述伸缩杆上设有档位孔,支撑杆上设有与档位孔配合的按扣。 [0015] As a further aspect, the support bar is provided with a telescopic rod, the telescopic rod is provided with the gear hole, the hole is provided with the gear on the support bar snaps.

[0016]作为进一步的技术方案,颈托前部、颈托后部、前胸护板和后背护板均设有聚氨酯泡沫衬垫。 [0016] As a further aspect, neck collar front portion, a rear neck collar, chest and back guard guards have a polyurethane foam cushion.

[0017]采用上述技术方案,由于采用仿形结构的颈托前部、颈托后部通过魔术带连接后,对头部起到了支撑的作用,对颈部形成了一种向上牵引的作用力,起到了颈部固定牵引的作用,有效限制了颈椎的弯曲、拉伸和转动; [0017] The above technical solution, since the neck portion of the front bracket structure contoured rear neck support is connected by the Magic tape, played a role of supporting the head, the neck portion is formed on the upwardly pulling force of one kind of , played a role in fixing neck traction, effectively limits the bending of the cervical spine, stretching and rotation;

[0018]左侧板、右侧板与颈托前部支架连接,形成了能通风透气的气管开口,能够通风透气,远离湿热,方便医生观察颈静脉,方便咀嚼吞咽食物; [0018] The left side plate and right side plates and neck support bracket connected to the front portion, can be formed a ventilation opening of the trachea, ventilation is possible, away from heat, convenient for doctors to observe the jugular vein, easy chew and swallow food;

[0019] 腮托机构不仅能够起到支撑腮部和限制腮部大幅度移动,而且保证了腮部能够小幅度的移动,方便患者或使用者在较长时间的治疗过程中,能够较轻松的左右小幅度扭转、摆动头部,及说话和进食时腮部活动等动作,减轻了患者的痛苦,使颈椎治疗达到较好的康复效果。 [0019] chinrest institutions can not only play a supporting cheeks and cheeks greatly restrict movement, but also to ensure that the cheeks can move a small margin, to facilitate the patient or user in the course of treatment for a long time, it is possible more relaxed about a slight twist, swing head, cheeks and talking and eating activities and other actions to reduce the suffering of patients, the treatment of cervical achieve better rehabilitation.

[0020]颈托高度调节机构不仅可以实现前后高度调节,同时左右两边的高度也可以实现独立或同步调节的颈托,不仅可以满足了普通颈托佩戴者的需求,也可以满足斜颈佩戴者的需求; [0020] neck brace height adjustment mechanism can be achieved not only before and after the height adjustment, while the height of the left and right sides can also be implemented independently or synchronized adjustable neck support, not only to meet the needs of the common carotid Tuopei wearer, the wearer also meet torticollis demand;

[0021]此外,胸部扩展支撑机构将颈部支撑所需的部分作用力转移到胸部,减轻了颈部压力和颈部疼痛,同时,还可对颈部以下的脊柱进行塑型和修复。 [0021] In addition, chest expansion supporting the neck support means a force required to be transferred to the chest portion, reducing the pressure of the neck and neck pain, at the same time, also on the neck of the plastic spine and repair.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022]图1为本发明一种智能调节式颈托第一种实施方式的结构示意图; [0022] Fig 1 a schematic structural view of smart adjustable neck support a first embodiment of the present invention;

[0023]图2为本发明一种智能调节式颈托第二种实施方式的结构示意图; [0023] Fig 2 a schematic view of the structure of formula neck brace to the second embodiment of the present invention, an intelligent regulator;

[0024]图3为本发明一种智能调节式颈托第三种实施方式的结构示意图; [0024] Fig 3 a schematic view of structural formula neck brace to the third embodiment of the present invention, an intelligent regulator;

[0025]图4为图1中上聰托板的仰视图; [0025] FIG. 4 is a bottom view of the pallet on Cong 1;

[0026]图5为图1中下腮托板的俯视图; [0026] FIG. 5 is a plan view of the pallet of Figure 1 gills;

[0027]图6为图1中上腮托板和下腮托板的剖视图; [0027] FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view on the cheek and cheek pallet in the pallet;

[0028]图7为高度调节机构的结构示意图。 [0028] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the height adjusting mechanism.

[0029]图中,1-颈托前部,2-颈托后部,3-魔术带,4-腮托机构,5-颈托前部支架,6_左侧板,7-右侧板,8-上腮托板,9-下腮托板,10-颈托高度调节档位,11-高度调节旋钮,12-换挡开关,13-分压片,14-头部护托,15-前胸护板,16-后背护板,17-支撑杆,18-伸缩杆,19-档位孔,20-按扣,21-凹槽,22-通气孔,23-按扣孔,24-上滚柱,25-连接部件,26-下滚柱,27-左齿条,28-右齿条,29-左定位片,30-右定位片。 [0029] FIG, 1 neck collar front portion, a rear neck collar 2-, 3- magic tape, 4 means chinrest, 5-neck brace bracket front portion, a left side plate 6_, 7 the right side plate , gills pallet 8-, 9- lower cheek pallet, neck collar height adjustment range 10-, 11- height adjusting knob, shift switch 12-, 13- dividing sheet 14- head of nursing care, 15 - shield chest, back shield 16-, 17- rod, the telescopic rods 18, 19 shift hole 20 snaps, the grooves 21, 22 vent holes, 23 holes snap, 24- upper roller, the connecting member 25, the lower rollers 26-, 27- left rack, the right rack 28-, 29- positioning piece left, right locating plate 30-.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0030]下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式作进一步说明。 [0030] The following drawings of specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in conjunction. 在此需要说明的是,对于这些实施方式的说明用于帮助理解本发明,但并不构成对本发明的限定。 Note that here, for the description of these embodiments to assist in understanding the present invention but do not limit the present invention. 此外,下面所描述的本发明各个实施方式中所涉及的技术特征只要彼此之间未构成冲突就可以相互组合。 The technical features of the various embodiments of the invention described below involved no conflict as long as the configuration can be combined with each other to each other.

[0031]图1出示的是本发明一种智能调节式颈托的第一种实施方式,包括颈托前部1、颈托后部2,颈托前部I两侧通过魔术带3与颈托后部2两侧连接,形成与颈部轮廓相仿的柱形,通过调整魔术带的扣紧长度来使颈托与颈部的贴合度;颈托前部1、颈托后部2设有黏扣,用于黏连可压缩的泡沫材料制成的纯棉衬垫,确保了压力扩散,使得与头部、颈部贴合的地方更舒适,本发明优选的泡沫材料为聚氨酯泡沫。 [0031] FIG. 1 is presented a first embodiment of the present invention is an intelligent adjustable cervical collar comprising a rear portion, the front portion of a cervical collar neck collar 2, the neck portion of the front bracket I through magic tape on both sides of the neck 3 2 a rear bracket connected to both sides, forming a cylindrical neck profile similar to the fit that the neck collar of the neck by adjusting the length of the fastening tape magic; a rear portion, the front portion of a cervical collar neck collar provided 2 there Velcro, sticky cotton pad made of a compressible foam material attached to ensure that the pressure diffuser, so that the head, neck bonded place more comfortable, the present invention is preferably the foamed material is polyurethane foam.

[0032] 颈托前部I设有腮托机构4和颈托前部支架5,腮托机构位于颈托前部支架5上方,通过左侧板6、右侧板7与颈托前部支架5连接,形成了能通风透气的气管开口,为呼吸道提供有效的通道;腮托机构包括上腮托板8和下腮托板9,下腮托板9左右两侧与左侧板6、右侧板7扣件连接;腮托机构上设有能够调节腮托左右位置的滑块,如图4和图6所示,上腮托板8上设有凹槽21,滑块的两端设置在凹槽21内,凹槽21截面为一端中部开口的矩形;上腮托板8上还设有用于通气的若干通气孔22。 [0032] I cervical collar front portion 4 is provided with means chinrest front portion and neck support bracket 5, positioned above the chinrest mechanism cervical collar front brackets 5, 6 by the left side plate, the right front plate portion 7 and the neck support bracket 5 are connected, can form a ventilation opening of the trachea, to provide effective respiratory channels; chinrest mechanism includes an upper cheek and a lower cheek 8 pallets pallet 9, 9 at both sides of the left and right cheek pallet left side plate 6, a right side panels 7 connected to the fastener; chinrest provided on the left and right slide mechanism capable of adjusting the position of the chin-rest, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 6, 21 is provided on both ends of the slide groove provided on the pallet 8 gills 21 in the rectangular recess 21 opening at one end of the middle section groove; cheek on the pallet 8 further provided with a plurality of vent holes 22 for ventilation. 如图5所示,下腮托板9上设有凹槽21,滑块的两端设置在凹槽21内,凹槽21的外侧中部开口;上腮托板8上还设有用于通气的若干通气孔22和与左侧板6、右侧板7连接的按扣孔23。 5, the gills pallet 21 is provided with a groove 9, provided at both ends of the slider in the recess 21, the recess 21 of the external central opening; gills on the carrier 8 is also provided with a ventilation a plurality of vent holes 22 and a left side plate 6, 7 is connected to the right side plate 23 by the engaging holes. 上腮托板8和下腮托板9上的凹槽21个数可以为I个至4个,本发明优选为2个,上腮托板8凹槽21的长度大于或等于下腮托板9凹槽21的长度。 The groove cheek on the pallet 21 on the number of pallets 8 and 9 may be lower cheek I to 4, the present invention is preferably 2, the length of the groove cheek 21 of the pallet 8 is greater than or equal to the pallet gills 9 the length of the groove 21.

[0033]如图6所示,滑块包括上滚柱24、连接部件25和下滚柱26;连接部件25—端与上滚柱24轴套连接,另一端与下滚柱26轴套连接;上滚柱24设置在上腮托板8的凹槽21内,下滚柱26设置在下腮托板9的凹槽21内,腮部运动使上腮托板8移动,上腮托板8凹槽21内的上滚柱24通过连接部件25带动下滚柱26在下腮托板9凹槽21内滚动,上滚柱24和下滚柱26减少了运动过程的摩擦了,使运动更灵活。 , The slider comprising upper roller 24, the roller 25 and the lower connection member 26 [0033] FIG. 6; and the upper end of the connecting member 25 connected to the sleeve roller 24, the roller 26 at the other end connected to the sleeve ; within the groove 8 on the gills 21 of the pallet, the rollers 26 provided on rollers 24 is provided a groove 9 of the lower cheek 21 of the pallet, the pallet 8 is moved on the cheek cheeks movement causes the upper cheek tray 8 the upper roller 24 within the recess 21 by rolling the roller 26 the lower cheek 21 of the groove 9 the pallet 25 to drive the lower connecting member, the upper roller 24 and lower roller 26 reduces the friction of the movement, to make more flexible movement .

[0034]颈托前部支架5为左右对称结构,上设有颈托高度调节机构,高度调节机构位于颈托前部支架5内,颈托前部支架5左右两侧上设有与高度调节机构配合作用的颈托高度调节档位10,颈托高度调节档位10是左定位片29和右定位片30上的多个档位柱,左侧板6和右侧板7上设有与档位柱配合作用的颈托档位孔,高度调节机构与颈托高度调节档位10连接;高度调节机构上设有高度调节旋钮11,位于颈托前部支架5前端。 [0034] The front bracket 5 torr neck bilaterally symmetric structure, the height adjusting mechanism is provided with a neck collar, the height adjustment mechanism is located within the front bracket 5 a cervical collar, neck brace brackets on the front portion 5 is provided with height adjustment on both sides means cooperates neck support height adjustment gear 10, neck support height adjustment gear 10 are a plurality of column shift positioning sheet 29 on the left and the right positioning piece 30, and 7 with the left side plate and the right side plate 6 column shift gear cooperates cervical collar aperture, and the height adjusting mechanism neck support height adjustment gear 10 is connected; height adjusting mechanism provided on the height adjusting knob 11, the distal end 5 located in the front portion of neck support bracket. 颈托前部支架5上设有换挡开关12,位于高度调节旋钮11上方。 Shift switch 12 is provided on the front portion of neck support bracket 5, positioned above the height adjusting knob 11.

[0035]如图7所示,高度调节旋钮11上设有齿轮,高度调节机构包括左齿条27、右齿条28、左定位片29和右定位片30;左定位片29中部与左齿条27连接,左定位片29底部侧壁上有凹凸长形凸棱,与颈托前部支架5上的凸棱配合作用,使左定位片29能够在颈托前部支架5内相对滑动,左齿条27通过调节换挡开关12与高度调节旋钮11上的齿轮啮合;右定位片30中部与右齿条28连接,右定位片30底部侧壁上有凹凸长形凸棱,与颈托前部支架5上的凸棱配合作用,使左定位片29能够在颈托前部支架5内相对滑动,右齿条28通过调节换挡开关12与高度调节旋钮11上的齿轮啮合。 [0035] As shown in FIG. 7, the height adjusting knob 11 is provided with a gear, a rack height adjusting mechanism 27 includes a left and right rack 28, positioning pieces 29 and the left and right positioning piece 30; 29 and the left central tooth left positioning sheet Article 27 is connected, a concavo-convex elongate ribs 29 on the bottom left side wall sheet is positioned, with the ribs on the neck portion of the front bracket cooperates bracket 5, the left relative to the positioning plate 29 can slide within the neck portion of the front bracket 5 Torr, by adjusting the left rack 27 meshing with the shift switch 12 on the gear height adjustment knob 11; the central and the right positioning piece 30 connected to the right rack 28, a concavo-convex elongate ribs on the bottom of the right side wall 30 positioning sheet, with a cervical collar ribs on the front bracket 5 cooperates with the left positioning piece 29 can slide relative to the front portion in the neck support bracket 5, the right rack 28 meshing shift switch 12 by adjusting the height adjustment knob 11 on the gear. 通过换挡开关12将左齿条、右齿条与高度调节旋钮11的齿轮啮合或脱离;正常情况下,换挡开关12凸起,高度调节旋钮11上的齿轮与左齿条27啮合连接,拉出并旋转高度调节旋钮11,右定位片30上的档位柱在左侧板6上的颈托档位孔上的位置改变,实现了颈托前部支架5左侧高度的调节;按下换挡开关12,高度调节旋钮11上的齿轮与右齿条28啮合连接;拉出并旋转高度调节旋钮11,右定位片30上的档位柱在右侧板7的颈托档位孔上的位置改变,实现了颈托前部支架5右侧高度的调节;再次按下换挡开关12,换挡开关12复位;此过程实现了颈托的前后高度调节和颈托左右两边的高度单独调节。 Left shift switch 12 by the rack, and the right rack gear height adjustment knob 11 to engage or disengage; Normally, the shift switch 12 is raised, and the left rack gear height adjustment knob 1127 on the mating connector, Pull and rotate the height adjustment knob 11, the position of the gear change on the neck support post holes on the gear plate 30 is positioned right on the left side of the plate 6, to achieve a height adjustment neck support bracket 5 on the left side front portion; press the shift switch 12, the height adjustment gear 11 is connected to the knob 28 engages with the right rack; Pull and rotate the height adjustment knob 11, positioned on the right column the gear piece 30 in the right side of the neck hole gear holder plate 7 change in the position, the height adjustment to achieve the right carotid 5 Torr front bracket; shift switch 12 again pressed, shift switch 12 is reset; this process to achieve a height adjustment of the front and rear neck collar and neck support both sides of the height individually adjustable.

[0036]颈托前部支架5的前端下侧与颈部贴合处设有分压片13,把点的支撑作用力转化成面的作用了,减少了颈部压力,增加了使用者的舒适度。 [0036] 5 at the front end side of the front neck support bracket with the neck portion of the bonding sheet 13 is provided with a partial pressure, the supporting point is converted into a force acting in the surface, reducing the pressure of the neck, increasing the user's comfort.

[0037]图2出示的是本发明一种智能调节式颈托的第二种实施方式,与上述第一种实施方式不同的是颈托后部2的两侧设有圆形头部护托14,头部护托14与颈托后部2转轴式连接,头部护托14能够分别从两边旋转,自动调节以环绕患者的不同头型,提供附加的支撑和舒适度;头部护托14上设有黏扣,用于黏连可压缩的泡沫材料制成的纯棉衬垫,确保了压力扩散,使得与头部、颈部贴合的地方更舒适,本发明优选的泡沫材料为聚氨酯泡沫;颈托后部2的中部设有头部开口,为空气流通及其它需求提供出口,防止皮肤溃破处的热量生产。 [0037] FIG. 2 is a second embodiment of the present embodiment of the present invention is an intelligent adjustable neck Torr, the above-described first embodiment except that a circular head nursing care rear sides of neck support 2 14, head 14 and neck brace nursing care trunnion connected to the rear portion 2, the head holder 14 can protect from both sides are rotated, it adjusts automatically to different first type surrounding the patient, to provide additional support and comfort; head nursing care 14 is provided with Velcro, a cotton pad made of a compressible foam adhesion material ensures a pressure diffuser, so that the head, neck place more comfortable fit, presently preferred foam material polyurethane foam; middle neck collar 2 is provided with a rear opening of the head, to provide an outlet for the air flow and other needs, to prevent the heat production at the skin ulceration.

[0038]图3出示的是本发明一种智能调节式颈托的第三种实施方式,与上述第二种实施方式不同的是颈托还设有胸部扩展支撑机构,胸部扩展支撑机构具有和躯体相似的仿形构造,使得其在患者身上非常伏贴,胸部扩展支撑机构包括前胸护板15,后背护板16,前胸护板15通过尼龙搭扣与后背护板16连接,可以通过调节尼龙带的长度来进行穿戴和舒适度的调节;前胸护板15和后背护板16通过支撑杆17分别与颈托前部1、颈托后部2连接。 [0038] FIG. 3 is presented a third embodiment of the present invention is an intelligent adjustable neck Torr, the above-described embodiment except that the second embodiment also has a neck brace support mechanism chest expansion, chest expansion and having a support mechanism contoured body similar configuration such that it is fit perfectly on the patient support means comprises a chest expansion chest shield 15, shield 16 back, chest guard plate connected by velcro 16 and back shield 15, can be wearer comfort and be adjusted by adjusting the length of the nylon band; chest guard plate 15 and the back shield 161, a rear neck support 2 is connected to the front portion by a neck brace support bar 17, respectively.

[0039]支撑杆17上设有伸缩杆18,伸缩杆18上设有若干档位孔19,支撑杆17上设有与档位孔19配合的按扣20,按扣20可一端穿过档位孔19,锁定伸缩杆18在支撑杆17的位置,这样可顺应不同使用者的身形变化,确保使用者在躺卧、坐下或站立时都能得到舒适的支撑。 It is provided on the [0039] support rod 17 extendable rod 18, a plurality of holes 19 provided on the gear extendable rod 18, support rod 17 is provided with a gear 19 cooperating snap holes 20, 20 can snap through the end of file positioning hole 19, the locking lever 18 in the position of the telescopic support rod 17, so that the user can adapt to different body shape changes, to ensure that the user lying down, can sit down or get comfortable support when standing.

[0040]前胸护板15、后背护板16和支撑杆17贴近身体的一侧均设有黏扣,用于黏连可压缩的泡沫材料制成的纯棉衬垫,确保了压力扩散,使得与头部、颈部贴合的地方更舒适,本发明优选的泡沫材料为聚氨酯泡沫。 [0040] chest shield 15, shield 16 and the support bar back close to the side of the body 17 are provided with Velcro, a cotton pad made of a compressible foam material adhesion, to ensure that the pressure diffuser , so that the head, neck place more comfortable fit, presently preferred foam is a polyurethane foam.

[0041]本发明不用制作成各种尺寸就能够满足不同身形、头型和颈部的使用者需求,省去了制造成本,同时各部件的仿形设计使本发明是一款接近人体构造,能够与人体各部件紧密贴合,具有极佳的舒适度,实用便捷的颈部护具。 [0041] The present invention is not made into a variety of sizes will be able to meet users' needs of different stature, the head and neck type, eliminating the manufacturing costs, while copying the design of each member of the present invention is a structure close to the body , member capable of close contact of the human body, has excellent comfort, practical and convenient neck brace.

[0042]以上结合附图对本发明的实施方式作了详细说明,但本发明不限于所描述的实施方式。 [0042] been described in detail above in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described. 对于本领域的技术人员而言,在不脱离本发明原理和精神的情况下,对这些实施方式进行多种变化、修改、替换和变型,仍落入本发明的保护范围内。 For those skilled in the art, without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, these embodiments make various changes, modifications, substitutions and variations still fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,包括颈托前部、颈托后部,所述颈托前部两侧通过魔术带与颈托后部两侧连接,形成与颈部轮廓相仿的柱形;所述颈托前部设有能够使腮部局部小幅度运动的腮托机构和起支撑作用及可单独调节颈托左右高度的颈托前部支架,所述腮托机构位于所述颈托前部支架上方,通过左侧板、右侧板与所述颈托前部支架连接,形成了能通风透气的气管开口。 An intelligent adjustable cervical collar, characterized in that the front portion comprising a rear neck collar, neck collar, the neck support both sides of the front portion of the rear portion connected by a magic tape and the cervical collar, the neck portion is formed with a profile similar cylindrical; said front portion is provided with a neck collar cheeks can be made locally with slight movement chinrest and play a supportive role and mechanism can be adjusted around the neck collar height neck support bracket separate front portion, said means positioned chinrest the neck support bracket over the front, right side and front of the neck plate holder bracket is connected through the left side plate, can form a tracheal ventilation openings.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,所述腮托机构包括上腮托板和下腮托板,所述下腮托板左右两侧与左侧板、右侧板扣件连接;所述腮托机构上设有能够调节腮托左右位置的滑块,所述上腮托板和下腮托板上设有凹槽,所述滑块的两端设置在凹槽内,所述凹槽截面为一端中部开口的矩形。 The intelligent adjustable cervical collar according to claim 1, wherein said means comprises a chinrest upper cheek and a lower cheek pallet the pallet, the lower left and right sides of the pallet and left cheek plate right side panels connected to the fastener; chinrest provided on the right and left slider means capable of adjusting the position of the chin rest, the upper cheek and a lower cheek pallet pallet provided with a groove, disposed at both ends of the slider within a groove central rectangular section open at one end.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,所述滑块包括上滚柱、连接部件和下滚柱;所述连接部件一端与所述上滚柱轴套连接,另一端与所述下滚柱轴套连接;所述上滚柱设置在所述上腮托板的凹槽内,所述下滚柱设置在所述下腮托板的凹槽内。 The intelligent adjustable cervical collar according to claim 2, wherein said slider includes an upper rollers and the lower roller connecting member; end of the connecting member is connected to the upper roller sleeve, the other end of the sleeve is connected with the lower roller; the upper rollers disposed within said groove on the cheek pallet, the lower rollers disposed within the recess in the lower cheek of the pallet.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,所述颈托前部支架内设有颈托高度调节机构,所述颈托前部支架左右两侧上设有与所述高度调节机构配合作用的颈托高度调节档位,所述高度调节机构与所述颈托高度调节档位连接;所述高度调节机构上设有高度调节旋钮,位于所述颈托前部支架前端。 According to claim smart adjustable cervical collar of claim 3, wherein said neck brace bracket features a front portion of a cervical collar height adjustment mechanism, the neck support is provided with right and left front portion of the bracket on both sides said height adjusting means cooperating neck support height adjustment range, the height adjusting mechanism and the height adjustment gear neck brace; said height adjusting means is provided on the height adjustment knob located between the front portion of the neck holder bracket front end.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,所述颈托前部支架上设有换挡开关,位于所述高度调节旋钮上方,所述换挡开关与所述颈托高度调节机构连接。 According to claim smart adjustable cervical collar of claim 4, wherein the shift switch provided on the front portion of neck support bracket located above the height adjusting knob, the shift switch and the neck Torr height adjustment mechanism is connected.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,所述高度调节旋钮上设有齿轮,所述高度调节机构包括左齿条、右齿条、左定位片和右定位片;所述左定位片中部与所述左齿条连接,所述左定位片底部在所述颈托前部支架内相对滑动,所述左齿条通过调节所述换挡开关与所述高度调节旋钮上的齿轮啮合;所述右定位片中部与所述右齿条连接,所述右定位片底部在所述颈托前部支架内相对滑动,所述右齿条通过调节所述换挡开关与所述高度调节旋钮上的齿轮啮合。 According to claim smart adjustable cervical collar of claim 5, wherein said height adjusting knob is provided with a gear, the rack height adjusting mechanism comprises a left and right rack, left and right positioning piece positioning piece ; middle of the left positioning sheet with the left rack gear connected to the bottom of the left slide relative positioning sheet holder within the neck portion of the front bracket, the left rack by adjusting the shift switch and the height adjustment gear engagement knob; the right medial positioning piece and the right rack gear connected relative sliding movement within said neck support bracket of the right front portion of the bottom sheet is positioned, the right rack by adjusting the shift switch the height adjustment knob on the gear.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,所述颈托后部的两侧设有圆形头部护托,所述头部护托与所述颈托后部转轴式连接;所述颈托后部的中部设有头部开口。 7. Smart adjustable cervical collar according to claim 6, wherein a circular head on both sides of the rear portion of the nursing care cervical collar and the head of the nursing care rear neck collar connection shaft; middle rear portion of the neck collar provided with a head opening.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,所述颈托前部支架的前端下侧与颈部贴合处设有分压片。 According to claim smart adjustable cervical collar of claim 7, wherein the neck portion attached to the lower side of the front end portion of the front neck support bracket provided at the partial engagement tableting.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,还包括胸部扩展支撑机构,所述胸部扩展支撑机构包括前胸护板,后背护板,所述前胸护板通过尼龙搭扣与所述后背护板连接;所述前胸护板和所述后背护板通过支撑杆分别与所述颈托前部、所述颈托后部连接。 According to claim smart adjustable cervical collar of claim 8, wherein the supporting means further including chest expansion, comprising a support mechanism extended breast shield chest, back shield, said shield chest by Velcro connected with the back fender; the guard plate and the back chest shield support rods through the cervical collar front portion, a rear bracket connected to said neck, respectively.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的智能调节式颈托,其特征在于,所述支撑杆上设有伸缩杆,所述伸缩杆上设有档位孔,所述支撑杆上设有与所述档位孔配合的按扣。 10. The intelligent adjustable cervical collar according to claim 9, wherein said support bar is provided with a telescopic rod, the telescopic rod is provided with the gear hole, said upper support rod is provided with the snap fit hole gear.
CN 201610153761 2016-03-17 2016-03-17 Kinds of intelligent adjustable neck support CN105832457B (en)

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RU2391947C2 (en) * 2005-07-28 2010-06-20 Карсар, Ллс, Us Corset for fixation of cervical vertebra, adjusted by mechanism of change-wheel gear
CN202526364U (en) * 2012-02-07 2012-11-14 余姚市通济医疗器械有限公司 Neck support capable of adjusting curvature of cervical vertebra
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CN204766078U (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-11-18 广州舒瑞医疗科技有限公司 But neck brace of independently adjust left and right sides height
CN204698781U (en) * 2015-06-13 2015-10-14 青岛市市立医院 Cervical vertebra nursing neck brace
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106267555A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 师玉国 Novel multifunctional field-effect apparatus retainer treatment bracket special for cervical vertebra

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