CN105830618B - A kind of millet mechanical harvesting exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding - Google Patents

A kind of millet mechanical harvesting exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105830618B
CN105830618B CN201610131131.2A CN201610131131A CN105830618B CN 105830618 B CN105830618 B CN 105830618B CN 201610131131 A CN201610131131 A CN 201610131131A CN 105830618 B CN105830618 B CN 105830618B
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China
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type
plantation
line
sowing
distribution mode
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CN201610131131.2A
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CN105830618A (en
Inventor
马爱平
王裕智
亢秀丽
靖华
崔欢虎
程麦凤
安晓东
苏年贵
郑彩萍
刘玲玲
朱杏梅
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Wheat Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Wheat Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern

Abstract

A kind of millet mechanical harvesting exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding, the wheat rotary tillage sowing suppression all-in-one machine of mating use and wheat harvester operation, it is therefore an objective to prevent the winding of side row grain ear, be suitable for spring, grain quality mechanized harvest;The present invention first divides plantation point, and A type and Type B is arranged and plants line number distribution mode: A type plantation line number distribution mode be the 1st, 3,5,7,9,11,13 totally 7 it is capable do not sow, the 2nd, 4,6,8,10,12 totally 6 rows sow;Type B plant line number distribution mode be the 1st, 3,5,9,11, sow by totally 6 rows for 13 rows, the 2nd, 4,6,7,8,10,12 7 capable do not sow totally;When sowing from field bund side, the first machine first broadcasts A type plantation line number distribution mode, and the second machine sowing Type B plants line number distribution mode, and third machine sowing A type plants line number distribution mode, completes a planter units sowing;It is gathered in wheat harvester, a machine harvests a growth belt.

Description

A kind of millet mechanical harvesting exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Band texture methods that millet mechanical harvesting exempts from grain ear winding.
Background technique
About 20,000,000 mu of annual planting area of the millet in the whole nation at present, wherein 60% is distributed in the Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongol in North China It is ancient.In recent years, millet production cost, agriculture are reduced as millet exempts from thinning planting technology, Application of Herbicides reaches its maturity, The enthusiasm that the people plant millet improves, and sown area rises year by year.Another restraining factors of puzzlement millet production are at present Millet harvest needs to put into a large amount of artificial, higher cost, directly affects its economic benefit.In recent years, scientific worker is in machine Toolization harvest aspect has carried out more research, and Agricultural University Of Shanxi introduces " Kubo field " combine harvester and reequiped, Gao Ping Grand Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd. of city has carried out " millet Special combine harvester " development, these harvesting machineries equipment is reducing paddy Important function is played in son harvest cost.But it winds, is receiving with grain ear in the ranks since current implantation methods mostly have row Harvester one or both sides millet is pulled down and falls on ground during obtaining, and causes production loss.In recent years, horse likes equality people Disclose it is a kind of " the small individual high yield abridged edition simple cultivation method of the big group of grain quality (Chinese patent discloses (bulletin) number: CN104365327A) ", by the way that compared with wide row space (line-spacing about 40-45 cm) and big group, (application rate is big and not thinning 6-8 per acre Ten thousand plants) cultivation mode of small individual (grain ear about 12cm half is upright), it effectively reduces row and is wound with grain ear in the ranks, facilitate machine Toolization harvest.And millet of sowing in spring at present mostly use greatly the big individual of microcommunity (implement precision drilling per acre ten thousand plants of about 2-4) (grain ear >= 20cm and be bent) and it is smaller sowing line-spacing (about 30-35cm) cultivation mode, row in the ranks grain ear wind it is more serious. Therefore, the more difficult adaptation mechanized harvest of the general planting method of previous spring sowing millet cultivation mode.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is to overcome the shortcomings of above-mentioned prior art, providing one kind prevents the winding of side row grain ear, is suitable for spring, summer The millet mechanical harvesting for broadcasting millet mechanized harvest exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding.
Millet mechanical harvesting of the present invention exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding, and the wheat rotary tillage of mating use sows suppression All-in-one machine is rotary tillage process breadth 200cm, seeding operation breadth 180cm, sows 13 row of behavior, header of wheat harvester operation width Width is 260cm, it is characterized in that:
(1) divide plantation point: the every 200cm in both ends in farmland field bund side makees a label, the mark as every machine sowing kind Will point.
(2) A type and Type B are set and plant line number distribution mode: A type plant line number distribution mode be the 1st, 3,5,7,9,11, 13 totally 7 it is capable do not sow, the 2nd, 4,6,8,10,12 totally 6 rows sow;It is the 1st, 3,5,9,11,13 rows that Type B, which plants line number distribution mode, Totally 6 rows are sowed, and the 2nd, 4,6,7,8,10,12 7 capable do not sow totally;The plantation line number distribution mode of A type and Type B is 6 rows, row Away from being 30cm.
(3) sow: the wide about 600cm of each planter units, including 2 plantation bands, each plantation band include 1 Growth belt and 1 intervallum;When sowing from field bund side, the first machine first broadcasts A type plantation line number distribution mode, the second machine sowing B Type plants line number distribution mode, and third machine sowing A type plants line number distribution mode, completes a planter units sowing;Successively sow, Several planter units are formed, removes outside field bund side, sequentially forms 60,50,60 alternately arranged intervallums.Seeding box cover packet Seeding box cover A and the seeding box cover B without lower seed hole that side is equipped with connectivity lower seed hole are included, seeding box cover A, B are separately mounted to It sows and goes and do not sow on row;It is broadcast to control the seeding row of wheat rotary tillage sowing suppression all-in-one machine with not seeding row and seeding row The size of kind amount.
(4) gather in: the plantation band formed according to sowing, using wheat harvester, a machine harvests a growth belt.It can adopt It is arbitrarily harvested with the mode of turn-taking.
Related calculation method of parameters: plantation bandwidth=5 × c+ [(a-b)/2+(a-b)/2]+d+2 × c;The intervallum of 50cm Wide=[a-b)/2+(a-b)/2]+2 × d;Interval bandwidth=2 × c of 60cm;Plant a bandwidth=a+a/2;Planter units are wide=3 × a.Wherein a is rotary cultivator working width 200cm;B is seeding-tilling machine working width 180cm;C is millet planting line-spacing 30cm;D is paddy The i.e. former wheat planting line-spacing 15cm of the half (c/2) of sub- Planting Row Distance original.
It is about 30(SG-1 that the method for the present invention, which is equally applicable for seeding operation breadth), 50(contain cutting edge of a knife or a sword/2BG-3 seeding operation breadth 48cm), 60(LL-BZJ-3), 120(SL STJB), 125(2BJ-6) cm various small, medium-sized millet special seeders, foundation Each model seeding operation breadth determines the seeder number of each growth belt, forms growth belt, remain spaced band between growth belt, shape At plantation band, with each plantation band for a planter units, (ceding of Taiwan is wide about for combined wheat harvester for each planter units 260cm) gather in a machine.
The method of the present invention is applicable to wheat stubble replay and spring sowing millet cultivation mode, and sowing line-spacing meets millet sowing Agronomic technique requirement, strong operability.By Band texture formed 50-60cm intervallum, two adjacent growth belts while row and while Grain ear between row is not wound, and has the function of that ventilation and penetrating light, enhancing are anti-fall and increase Dominance in border row, solves current production Upper existing millet harvester during harvest as side row grain ear is wound and caused by grain loss;And due to intervallum In the presence of, harvester can the mode of turn-taking harvest arbitrarily harvest (being not required to consider the grain ear winding of harvester two sides), intervallum is also For spitting grass in combined wheat harvester operation process, solves the implantation methods of previous not band, careless amount is spat in harvesting Adjacent rows can be overwhelmed when big is unfavorable for the problem of machine is received;This method has widened wheat rotary tillage sowing suppression all-in-one machine, wheat joint The function of harvester, realizes a tractor serves several purposes, improves a year utilization rate;This method inherits wheat rotary tillage sowing suppression one simultaneously The high feature of body machine, combined wheat harvester operating efficiency, overcomes small-sized millet seeder and millet Special combine harvester The low problem of operating efficiency, the deep welcome by local farmers.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is that A type of the present invention plants line number distribution mode schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is that Type B of the present invention plants line number distribution mode schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is planter units structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure: 1, there are the seeding box cover A of connectivity lower seed hole, 2, the seeding box cover B without lower seed hole in side;A1 is rotary tillage work Industry breadth 200cm, B1 are seeding operation breadth 180cm, and C1 is that A type plants line number distribution mode, and C2 is that Type B plants line number distribution Mode, D1 are growth belt 245cm, and D2 is intervallum 60cm, and D3 is intervallum 50cm, and E1 is plantation bandwidth 300cm, and F1 is kind The wide 600cm of unit is planted, G1 is the wide 260cm of harvester header.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
The method of the present invention in June, 2015 tries in Shanxi Wheat Research Institute Of Agriculture Scinces Han Cun (Linfen, Shanxi development zone) The field from which wheat has been reaped replay millet for testing base is demonstrated 15 mu, and bandwidth about 240cm, intervallum about 60cm are planted.In millet harvest time (2015 On October 12) investigation, adjacent two growth belts while row with while grain ear in the ranks do not wind.
Wheat rotary tillage sowing suppression all-in-one machine is selected by the production of Yuncheng Yanhu District great Qu combined seed and fertilizer drill factory, type Number for SGTN- 200Z14A7 " modified (local operator of farm machinery improve), wheat rotary tillage sowing suppression all-in-one machine, that is, rotary tillage process Breadth 200cm (A1), seeding operation breadth 180cm (B1) (while row with while in the ranks at a distance from), plantation 13 rows wheat rotary tillage broadcast Kind suppression all-in-one machine.
(1) divide plantation point: the every 200cm in both ends in farmland field bund side makees a label, the mark as every machine sowing kind Will point.
(2) setting A type plants line number distribution mode (C1) and Type B plantation line number distribution mode (C2): A type plants line number point Mode for cloth (C1) be the 1st, 3,5,7,9,11,13 totally 7 it is capable do not sow, the 2nd, 4,6,8,10,12 totally 6 rows sow;Type B plants line number Distribution mode (C2) is the 1st, 3,5,9,11, sow by totally 6 rows for 13 rows, the 2nd, 4,6,7,8,10,12 7 capable do not sow totally;A type kind The plantation line number distribution mode (C2) for planting line number distribution mode (C1) and Type B is 6 rows, and line-spacing is 30cm.
(3) side has the seeding box cover one (1) of connectivity lower seed hole and the seeding box cover two (2) of no lower seed hole to be respectively adopted Seeding box cover one and seeding box cover two in Chinese patent CN204968391U " a kind of millet application rate regulation device ".It is revolved in wheat It ploughs sowing suppression all-in-one machine side to rise, 1,3,5,7,9,11,13 rows install seeding box cover two (2), the installation of 2,4,6,8,10,12 rows Seeding box cover one (1) completes A type plantation line number distribution mode (C1) installation.A type plants line number distribution mode (C1) in field bund one A machine is first planted in side, is then spaced a machine and plants A type plantation line number distribution mode (C1) again, completes one planter units (F1) and broadcast Kind, then A type plantation line number distribution mode (C1) of next planter units (F1) is planted, in the A type of all planter units (F1) After the completion of planting line number distribution mode (C1) plantation, A type is planted according to the requirement of Type B plantation line number distribution mode (C2) and is gone Number distribution mode (C1) seeding box cover exchange is installed as 1,3,5,9,11,13 rows installation seeding box cover one (1), 2,4,6,7,8, 10, after exchange is installed, the label of point is planted according to every machine for 12 installation seeding box cover two (2), then fills out kind of a Type B plantation line number Distribution mode (C2).First kind A type plantation line number distribution mode (C1) plants Type B plantation line number distribution mode (C2) again to improve sowing Efficiency.
(4) according to sowing formed plantation band (E1), using the wide 260cm(G1 of harvester header) wheat combining The phenomenon that machine harvesting a, machine harvests a growth belt (D1), falls in harvesting process there is no grain ear.
Debugging combined wheat harvester air quantity is needed before harvesting.By adjusting the size and fan of belt pulley working diameter The big minor adjustment air quantity of air inlet, guarantee is not blown out under the precondition of grain, then guarantees certain cleannes.
Embodiment 2
Method according to the present invention is sowed using the millet special seeder of different model, determines suitable seeder number, structure At the growth belt of about 245cm, the intervallum of 50-60cm is reserved, it can be with combined wheat harvester (the wide 260cm of the ceding of Taiwan) mating receipts Cut, can effectively solve in harvester harvesting process as grain ear winding and caused by production loss.
Be about 30(SG-1 using seeding operation breadth), 50(contain cutting edge of a knife or a sword/2BG-3 seeding operation breadth 48cm), 60(LL- BZJ-3), 120(SL STJB), 125(2BJ-6) cm various small, medium-sized millet special seeders, to sow 8 respectively, 5,4, 2,2 machine, is respectively formed the growth belt of 240,250,240,240,250cm, and the intervallum of 50-60cm is stayed between growth belt, point Not Xing Cheng 295,305,295,295,305 plantation band, with each plantation band be a planter units, each planter units A machine is gathered in for combined wheat harvester (the wide about 260cm of the ceding of Taiwan).Using the millet special seeder of different model, it shall be noted that Linking distance between every machine, it is ensured that growth belt, plantation band, planter units width, to be cut with combined wheat harvester Platform width is corresponding.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of millet mechanical harvesting exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding, the wheat rotary tillage sowing suppression one of mating use Machine is rotary tillage process breadth 200cm, seeding operation breadth 180cm, sows 13 row of behavior, and wheat harvester working width is 260cm, it is characterized in that:
(1) divide plantation point: the every 200cm in both ends in farmland field bund side makees a label, the index point as every machine sowing kind;
(2) A type and Type B is arranged and plants line number distribution mode: it is the 1st, 3,5,7,9,11,13 totally 7 that A type, which plants line number distribution mode, It is capable not sow, the 2nd, 4,6,8,10,12 totally 6 rows sow;Type B plant line number distribution mode be the 1st, 3,5,9,11,13 rows totally 6 row It sows, the 2nd, 4,6,7,8,10,12 7 capable do not sow totally;The plantation line number distribution mode of A type and Type B is 6 rows, and line-spacing is 30cm;
(3) sow: the wide about 600cm of each planter units, including two plantation bands, each plantation band include one kind Plant band and an intervallum;When sowing from field bund side, the first machine first broadcasts A type plantation line number distribution mode, the second machine sowing Type B Line number distribution mode is planted, third machine sowing A type plants line number distribution mode, completes a planter units sowing;It successively sows, shape At several planter units, removes outside field bund side, sequentially form 60,50,60 alternately arranged intervallums;Seeding box cover includes The seeding box cover one and the seeding box cover two without lower seed hole that side is equipped with connectivity lower seed hole, seeding box cover one, two are installed respectively It goes and does not sow on row sowing;
(4) gather in: the plantation band formed according to sowing is gathered in using wheat harvester, and a machine harvests a growth belt.
2. millet mechanical harvesting as described in claim 1 exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding, it is characterized in that each plantation Band includes the growth belt of a wide 245cm and the intervallum of a wide 50cm or 60cm.
3. millet mechanical harvesting as claimed in claim 1 or 2 exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding, it is characterized in that using turning Circle mode arbitrarily harvests.
4. millet mechanical harvesting as claimed in claim 1 or 2 exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding, it is characterized in that A, Type B Plantation line number distribution is symmetrically arranged, and is not influenced by plantation direction, and plantation direction can be chosen at random.
CN201610131131.2A 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 A kind of millet mechanical harvesting exempts from the Band texture method of grain ear winding Expired - Fee Related CN105830618B (en)

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