CN105828651A - Multiregion heated eye shield - Google Patents

Multiregion heated eye shield Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105828651A
CN105828651A CN201480053542.3A CN201480053542A CN105828651A CN 105828651 A CN105828651 A CN 105828651A CN 201480053542 A CN201480053542 A CN 201480053542A CN 105828651 A CN105828651 A CN 105828651A
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China
Prior art keywords
heating
goggles
material
plurality
substrate
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CN201480053542.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杰克·C·科尼利厄斯
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阿巴米纳博实验室有限责任公司
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Priority to US14/040,683 priority Critical patent/US9210737B2/en
Application filed by 阿巴米纳博实验室有限责任公司 filed Critical 阿巴米纳博实验室有限责任公司
Priority to PCT/US2014/057887 priority patent/WO2015048564A1/en
Publication of CN105828651A publication Critical patent/CN105828651A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F9/00Methods or devices for treatment of the eyes; Devices for putting-in contact lenses; Devices to correct squinting; Apparatus to guide the blind; Protective devices for the eyes, carried on the body or in the hand
    • A61F9/02Goggles
    • A61F9/029Additional functions or features, e.g. protection for other parts of the face such as ears, nose or mouth; Screen wipers or cleaning devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F9/00Methods or devices for treatment of the eyes; Devices for putting-in contact lenses; Devices to correct squinting; Apparatus to guide the blind; Protective devices for the eyes, carried on the body or in the hand
    • A61F9/04Eye-masks ; Devices to be worn on the face, not intended for looking through; Eye-pads for sunbathing
    • A61F9/06Masks, shields or hoods for welders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63CLAUNCHING, HAULING-OUT, OR DRY-DOCKING OF VESSELS; LIFE-SAVING IN WATER; EQUIPMENT FOR DWELLING OR WORKING UNDER WATER; MEANS FOR SALVAGING OR SEARCHING FOR UNDERWATER OBJECTS
    • B63C11/00Equipment for dwelling or working underwater; Means for searching for underwater objects
    • B63C11/02Divers' equipment
    • B63C11/12Diving masks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B1/00Details of electric heating devices
    • H05B1/02Automatic switching arrangements specially adapted to apparatus ; Control of heating devices
    • H05B1/0227Applications
    • H05B1/023Industrial applications
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/10Heater elements characterised by the composition or nature of the materials or by the arrangement of the conductor
    • H05B3/12Heater elements characterised by the composition or nature of the materials or by the arrangement of the conductor characterised by the composition or nature of the conductive material
    • H05B3/14Heater elements characterised by the composition or nature of the materials or by the arrangement of the conductor characterised by the composition or nature of the conductive material the material being non-metallic
    • H05B3/141Conductive ceramics, e.g. metal oxides, metal carbides, barium titanate, ferrites, zirconia, vitrous compounds
    • H05B3/143Conductive ceramics, e.g. metal oxides, metal carbides, barium titanate, ferrites, zirconia, vitrous compounds applied to semiconductors, e.g. wafers heating
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/84Heating arrangements specially adapted for transparent or reflecting areas, e.g. for demisting or de-icing windows, mirrors or vehicle windshields
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/18Face protection devices
    • A42B3/22Visors
    • A42B3/24Visors with means for avoiding fogging or misting
    • A42B3/245Visors with means for avoiding fogging or misting using means for heating, e.g. electric heating of the visor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/002Heaters using a particular layout for the resistive material or resistive elements
    • H05B2203/005Heaters using a particular layout for the resistive material or resistive elements using multiple resistive elements or resistive zones isolated from each other
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/011Heaters using laterally extending conductive material as connecting means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/013Heaters using resistive films or coatings
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/037Heaters with zones of different power density
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2214/00Aspects relating to resistive heating, induction heating and heating using microwaves, covered by groups H05B3/00, H05B6/00
    • H05B2214/04Heating means manufactured by using nanotechnology

Abstract

The invention discloses a multiregion heated eye shield. The eye shield here is adapted for fog prevention for use in a ski goggle, dive mask, medical or testing face shield or the like, while preventing undesirable hot spots on the eye shield, and compriss an optically-transparent substrate, a plurality of conductive regions defined on the substrate and connected to a powered circuit of one or more channels. The regions on the substrate are electrically isolated from each other in a first embodiment, and the regions on the substrate are not electrically isolated, or contiguous with adjacent regions on the substrate, in a second embodiment. The regions may be uniformly-sized or of varying sizes and shapes from one region to the next region, and resistivity per square of heating material applied to the regions may be selected based on formulation of the heating material and/or thickness of the heating material.

Description

多区域加热的眼罩 Multizone heating blindfold

[0001] 相关申请的交叉引用 CROSS [0001] REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0002] 本申请要求2014年9月29日递交的、美国专利申请序列号14/040,683、为多区域加热的眼罩(此处之后称为“优先权申请”)的权益和优先权。 [0002] This application claims September 29, 2014, filed, U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 14 / 040,683, for the multi-zone heating goggles (herein after referred to as "priority application"), the benefit of and priority. 该优先权申请是美国专利申请序列号为13/397,691、2012年2月16日递交的、为眼罩的PWM加热系统、公开号为US-2013-0212765-A1、2013年8月22日公布、授权为美国专利号8566962(此处之后称为“母申请”)的部分继续申请。 The priority application is U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 13 / 397,691, 2012, filed February 16, PWM heating system for the visor, Publication No. US-2013-0212765-A1, 2013 dated 22 is on. 8 Day announced the authorization to continue to apply part of US Patent No. 8,566,962 (herein after referred to as "the parent application") is. 该母申请还被作为PCT专利申请提交,其序列号为PCT/US2013/026227,并且通过引用被合并于此。 The parent application also filed as PCT patent application, which is Serial No. PCT / US2013 / 026227, and is incorporated herein by reference.

技术领域 FIELD

[0003]本发明涉及防雾眼罩,当其用作电功率源供电的防雾系统的一部分时,被适合为防止雾化,并且更具体地,涉及在眼罩上具有所分配的薄电阻膜加热器的眼罩,以使得能够对透镜进行均匀的加热,或可替换地,使能对透镜加热的配置并用于防雾眼罩,涉及防雾潜水面罩或其他便携式的透明防雾护眼面罩。 [0003] The present invention relates to an anti-fogging goggles, when used as part of an electrical power source when the power supply of the anti-fogging system, is adapted to prevent fogging, and more particularly, to a thin film resistor having allocated on goggles heater the goggles to enable uniform heating of the lens, or alternatively, can be configured to enable heating and antifogging lens goggles, diving masks relates antifogging transparent antifogging or other portable eye mask.

背景技术 Background technique

[0004]在涉及如下条件的环境中通常下希望使用运动防护镜、潜水面罩或其他极其便携的透明护眼面罩:该条件导致在眼罩上聚集凝结并且甚至由于雾化所带来的暂时性视力减弱将是有问题的。 [0004] In an environment condition relates generally desirable to use at sports goggles, diving mask or other highly portable transparent eye mask: This condition leads to aggregation and coagulation in the goggles even as fogging caused by transient vision weakening would be problematic. 当这种眼罩的温度已经将至结露温度以下时(即在该环境温度以下,水滴开始凝结并且可以形成露水),出现了雾化。 When this temperature has been approaching condensation visor temperature (i.e., at the ambient temperature, and may drop begins to condense dew formation), atomization occurs.

[0005]这种便携式护眼面罩的通用特征是,它们重量足够轻以能够戴在用户的头部,并且位于相对靠近用户的脸部,以致用户的呼吸和身体热量使得雾化条件加剧。 [0005] General features of the portable eye masks is that they can be lightweight enough to be worn on the user's head, and is located relatively close to the user's face, so that the user's breathing and body heat such that the atomizing conditions exacerbated. 意欲在冬季活动中使用的易于雾化的运动防护镜的示例已经包括用于下坡滑雪、越野滑雪、滑板滑雪、雪橇滑雪、赛车(tubing)、冰雪攀岩(ice climbing)等的护目镜,并且该运动护目镜被体育爱好者和其他其职责或活动要求他们在有雪的户外或其他严酷的冰冷条件下的人所周知并被其广泛地利用。 Example motion goggles readily atomized intended for use in winter activities have been included for downhill skiing, cross-country skiing, snowboarding, tobogganing, racing (Tubing Talk to), ice climbing (ice climbing) goggles and the like, and the sports goggles are asking them to sports enthusiasts and other people of their duties or activities in outdoor or other harsh cold conditions of the snow is well known and its widespread use. 易于雾化的潜水面罩的示例已经包括独立于呼吸装置的眼部和鼻部面罩,以及其中集成了呼吸装置的全脸部面罩。 Example diving mask easily atomized in the eye and has separate nasal mask breathing apparatus, and wherein the integrated full face mask breathing apparatus. 易于受雾影响的护眼面罩的示例已经包括医生或牙医可能佩戴以防止病菌进入用户的嘴或眼镜中的面罩,或摩托车或雪地摩托车头盔的透明脸罩部分。 Eye mask exemplary susceptible to the influence of the fog has been worn may include a doctor or dentist transparent visor portion to prevent bacteria entering the user's mouth mask or glasses, or snow scooter or motorcycle helmets. 这种护目镜、潜水面罩和护眼面罩的通用问题是,雾化减弱了视力。 This goggles, diving masks and eye problems common mask is atomized weakened eyesight.

[0006]已经有各种设计为防止凝结在护眼面罩的眼罩上聚集的各种传导性装置,并且虽然带有薄膜加热器的矩形眼罩可跨越眼罩被均匀地加热,但是还没有教导用于在眼罩中利用薄膜加热系统的方法,该薄膜加热系统使能对眼罩的均匀加热,或可替换地,根据透镜加热廓线(heating profile)来对眼罩的加热进行配置,根据配置和将薄膜加热材料应用到眼罩来对眼罩的加热进行配置。 [0006] There have been various designs to prevent condensation on the mask eye goggles aggregation of various conductive devices, and although the rectangular eye mask with a thin film heater may be uniformly heated across the goggles, but no teachings for using a film heating system in goggles method, the film heating system to enable uniform heating of the eyewear, or alternatively, to configure the heat visor the lens heating profile (heating profile), according to the configuration and the film is heated material is applied to goggles to configure the heat eyewear. 这些传导性装置的目的仅为提供一种可保持没有凝结的眼罩以使得用户能够在观看活动期间享受非阻塞的视力,并且如此,它们经受如下问题:在非规则形状的透镜上创建热点以及未提供对透镜加热的配置。 These purposes only conductive to provide a holding device without coagulation goggles to enable a user to enjoy during the non-blocking vision viewing activity, and as such, they are subjected to the following problem: create hot spots on the irregular shape of the lens, and not lens configured to provide heating. 现有的带有电子系统的运动护目镜主要用于要求高便携性的环境中,即,用于对设备的电子装置进行供电的电源被有优势地承载在护目镜的条带上或护目镜自身上,在共同未决的美国专利申请序列号13/519,150、由McCu11 och等发明的针对适于加热以防止雾化的带有易更换透镜的护目镜中示出并描述了上述护目镜。 Sports goggles with the conventional electronic system is mainly used for high portability environment, i.e., power supply device for powering the electronic device is advantageously carried tape strip goggle or goggles itself, in U.S. Patent No. copending application serial No. 13 / 519,150, the inventors McCu11 och adapted for heating with easily replaceable visor to prevent fogging of the lens is shown and described in the above-described guard eyepiece.

[0007]提供对护目镜透镜的加热的公开的某些示例包括以下:Curc1的美国专利号为4,868,929的电加热滑雪护目镜,其包括带有嵌入式电阻线的眼罩,该嵌入式电阻线经由切换装置可操作地连接至外部电源,该外部电源适合为出于防雾目的而产生对眼罩的加热。 [0007] The goggle lenses to provide heating of certain examples of the disclosure include the following: Curc1 U.S. Patent No. 4,868,929 is an electrically heated ski goggles, goggles comprising a resistance wire with an embedded, the embedding resistor line via a switching means operatively connected to the external power supply, the external power source is adapted for the purpose of generating an anti-fogging eyewear heating. Curc1公开并未教导队透镜的均匀加热,或可替换地,并未教导通过利用对透镜上的薄膜加热材料的某些配置来对透镜加热进行配置。 Curc1 disclosure does not teach a team uniform heating of the lens, or alternatively, does not teach some configurations on the material film is heated to configure the lens by using a lens heating.

[0008] Lebel等的美国专利号为2009/0151057A1的用于护目镜的可反转的装有条带的夹子(clip),以及Welchel等的美国专利号为7,648,234的带有加热元件的眼部穿戴,公开了使用薄膜加热元件,其用于加热带有用于开启来自眼镜穿戴条带或眼镜穿戴臂上承载的电池的功率的按钮开关。 [0008] Lebel et al, US Patent No. 2009 / 0151057A1 is provided with strips for reversible goggles clip (Clip) band, and the like Welchel U.S. Patent No. 7,648,234 with heating eye wear member, discloses the use of film heating element for heating with a push button switch for turning power from the spectacles or spectacle wearer wear band bearer arm battery. Leb e I或We I che I等均未教导对非规则形状透镜的均匀加热,或可替换地,均未教导通过利用对透镜上的薄膜加热材料的配置来对透镜加热进行配置。 Leb e I or We I che I, were not uniformly heated teachings irregular shape of the lens, or alternatively, no teaching to configure the lens by heating the film using a heating material disposed in the lens.

[0009] Reuber等的美国专利号为5,351,339的电护罩的双透镜意识到当电导通膜被沉积在非规则形状的护目镜(visor)透镜上时非均匀加热的问题,并且提出了特定的汇流条(bus bar)配置(电极50和60),其解决了使得电极之间的距离本质上相同以针对跨越电导通膜的电流的极其非均一的流动的问题。 [0009] Reuber et U.S. Patent No. 5,351,339 to electrically shield the lenticular lens appreciated that when electrical conduction film is deposited in a non-regular shapes goggles (Visor) lens non-uniform heating problem, and proposed a specific bus bar (bus bar) arranged (electrode 50 and 60), which addresses the same problem in a very non-uniform flow of current for the electrical conduction across the film so that the distance between the electrodes in nature. 但是,Reuber等并未公开对透镜的均匀加热,或可替换地,并未公开通过利用对透镜上的薄膜加热材料的某些配置、根据加热廓线来对透镜的配置加热。 However, does not disclose the like Reuber uniform heating of the lens, or alternatively, the configuration does not disclose the use of certain thin film by heating the material on the lens, the lens configured to heat under heating profile. 另外,Reuber等的眼罩比惯常的护目镜更加均一,其具有适合为适合用户的鼻梁的开口部分。 Further, goggles and the like Reuber more uniform than usual goggles, having an opening portion adapted to fit a user's nose. 因此,Rebuer等的电极汇流条的配置将不能满足更加惯常的护目镜透镜配置。 Thus, the bus bar electrodes disposed Rebuer the like will not meet more customary goggle lens configuration.

[0010]因此,利用的电加热的运动护目镜的一个问题是,在非规则形状的眼罩的整个表面上的非均匀加热。 [0010] Thus, a problem of the use of electrically heated sports goggles is, non-uniform heating over the entire surface of the visor irregular shapes. 护目镜和潜水面罩以及其眼罩是以非规则的形状制造的,以保持靠近佩戴者的脸部的位置并且允许鼻部的开口和用于周边视觉的扩展边。 Diving mask and goggles and goggles which are produced irregular shapes, to maintain its position close to the face of a wearer's nose and allows for the opening of the extension side peripheral vision. 虽然已经做出了各种常规的尝试,以通过在眼罩透镜上或眼罩透镜内包括蜿蜒的线缆来跨越整个表面均匀地加热眼罩,例如在如下文献中所公开的:已公布的美国专利申请号为2008/0290081Al、Biddel的防雾设备和防雾观看部,以及美国专利号4,638,728的、Elenewski的眼罩除霜器,但是,在现有技术中还未曾教导队非规则形状眼罩的均匀加热,或带有薄膜加热器的这种眼罩的已配置的加热。 Although various conventional attempts made to be uniformly heated across the entire surface of the goggles, for example in the following documents disclosed by the lens on the eye shield or the goggles lens comprises a cable winding: U.S. Patent Published application No. 2008 / 0290081Al, Biddel anti-fog and anti-fog device watch section, and US Patent No. 4,638,728 is, Elenewski goggles defroster, however, in the prior art teachings team have not yet irregular shape uniform heating of the goggles, goggles, or with such a thin-film heater configured to heat.

[0011] Lebel等将易于受到热点的影响,并且在有限的电池供电应用中使用这种设备不适当地对电池进行了放电。 [0011] Lebel like susceptible to hot spots, and the battery is improperly discharge apparatus using such a limited battery-powered applications. 热点的原因是由于跨越眼罩上的电阻元件的电连接之间的电阻性在眼罩的不同位置处更大或更小,使得在终端连接之间的距离更小的区域中的电流消耗量更大,而终端连接之间的距离更大的区域中的电流消耗量较少。 The reason is due to hot spots at different locations between the electrical resistance of the resistance element is connected across the eyewear goggles larger or smaller, so that the distance between the more current consumption of the terminal connection region is smaller , less current consumption and a greater distance between the terminal connection region. 例如,当终端处于电阻线应用的透镜的任意一侧上时,存在关于均匀加热透镜的问题,因为线缆不得不从一个终端进行到另一终端的距离比从鼻梁进行到眼镜下部的线缆要大,而后者跨越透镜的中心部分行进了更短的距离。 For example, when the terminal is on either side of the lens of the resistance wire application, there is a problem regarding the uniform heating of the lens, because the cable has to be the distance from one terminal to another terminal of the cable from the lower portion of the nose to the glasses ratio should be large, while the latter travels across the center of the lens portion of the shorter distance. 为了克服雾化条件,必须施加足够的功率,以克服带有终端连接点之间的最长距离的区域中的雾,这导致较小的区域被过度加热,这反过来浪费了功率。 In order to overcome the atomizing conditions, sufficient power must be applied to overcome the mist longest distance between a terminal connection points with the region, which results in a smaller area is excessively heated, which in turn wastes power. 因此,导致对护目镜眼罩的加热使用有限的问题。 Thus, the problem led to the use of a limited heating eyewear goggles. 由于眼罩的非规则形状,因此存在这些问题,不管是考虑电阻线应用还是电阻膜应用。 Since the goggles of irregularly shaped, these problems therefore, to consider whether it is resistive wire or resistance film applications application.

[0012]与护目镜和潜水面罩具体相关联的另一问题是设备的眼罩部分和用户的脸部之间所设置的空间量。 [0012] DETAILED diving masks and goggles and other problems associated with the amount of space is provided between the user device and the eye shield portion of the face. 当提供了不足够的空间时,禁止在护目镜或面罩内佩戴矫正性的透镜眼镜。 When adequate space is not provided to prohibit wear corrective eyeglasses lens in goggles or mask. 另外,当在设备的眼罩部分和用户的眼镜之间设置了过大的距离时,将矫正性透镜合并到护目镜或面罩眼罩自身中的能力被禁止。 Further, when the portion between the eye shield and the glasses of the user equipment is provided over a large distance, the corrective lenses in their ability to be incorporated into goggles or face shield goggles is disabled. 用户眼睛和眼罩之间的增加的距离已经提高了典型的依赖空气流的防雾护目镜的防雾化能力,但是,为了辅助防雾化而将眼罩位于这种距离用户的眼镜如此远的距离使得矫正性护目镜透镜针对矫正视力不那么有效,因为将需要过大的透镜厚度,以适应进行必要的视力矫正所必须的透镜的更高的曲率。 Increased distance between the user's eyes and have improved anti-fogging goggles antifogging capability dependent on the air flow typical of the goggle, but rather to assist the anti-fogging goggles from the user of such glasses is located so far away so that corrective eyewear lens for vision correction less effective, because the lens would require an excessively large thickness to accommodate the necessary vision correction necessary higher curvature of the lens. 因此,长期以来在矫正性透镜护目镜或潜水面罩、领域中所需要的是一种技术,其将允许矫正性眼罩透镜足够靠近用户的眼睛以从视力矫正的角度看能适当地工作,但是还能够允许有效地防雾。 Thus, in the long corrective lens goggles or a diving mask, the field required is a technique that would allow corrective eyewear lens sufficiently close to the user's eye perspective from a vision correction can work properly, but also antifogging allow efficient. 因此,发展了一种需求,以平衡眼罩的区域,从而使能跨越整个眼罩表面的对眼罩的均匀加热,而没有对功率或热点的过度使用,并且出于视力矫正目的,不存在用户眼睛和眼罩自身之间的过度空间。 Therefore, the development of a need to balance the area of ​​the goggles, so that the visor can be uniformly heated across the entire surface of the goggles, without hot spots or excessive use of power, and for the purpose of vision correction, and the user's eye is not present goggles excessive space between themselves.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0013]本发明的多区域眼罩在被分割成多个区域的眼罩或透镜表面上提供薄膜导电加热元件,例如根据非规则的且不同形状的透镜部分来分割区域,诸如与直接位于眼睛前方相比,直接跨越鼻梁,从而使能对这种不同形状或大小的区域的均匀、或可替换地,定制的加热。 [0013] multizone goggles of the present invention to provide a film electrically conductive heating element on goggles or a lens surface is divided into a plurality of areas, for example in accordance with the divided regions of the lens portions of different shapes and irregular, such as directly in front of the eye relative ratio, directly across the bridge of the nose, so that this region can be uniformly of different shapes or sizes, or may alternatively be customized heating.

[0014]根据本发明的一个方面,提供了一种适合与供电电路一起使用的眼罩,所述供电电路具有给定电压,以用于防止所述眼罩的雾化并用于防止所述眼罩上的热点。 [0014] In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a power supply circuit suitable for use with the goggles, the power supply circuit has a given voltage, for preventing fogging of the visor and the visor for preventing hot spot. 根据本发明的该方面的眼罩包括:光透明衬底,适合用于保护用户眼睛中的至少一个,并且适合用于限定所述用户眼睛中的至少一个与所述衬底之间的至少一个部分封闭的空间;以及所述衬底上的光透明电阻抗薄膜导电加热材料的多个电子导电区域。 According to this aspect of the goggles according to the present invention comprises: a light transparent substrate, suitable for protecting the at least one eye of the user, and suitable for defining at least a portion between said at least one of the user's eyes and the substrate enclosed space; and a plurality of optically transparent electrically conductive regions of electronic impedance electrically conductive heating film on the substrate material. 优选地,根据本发明的该方面,提供了能够跨越整个眼罩的本至少均匀加热的眼罩,即使该眼罩是不规则形状的眼罩。 Preferably, according to this aspect of the invention, there is provided at least this can be uniformly heated across the entire eyewear goggles, goggles even if the goggles are irregularly shaped.

[0015]优选地,根据本发明的该方面,导电区域的数量和每个导电区域的大小是根据该不规则形状透镜区域的预定的功率密度来确定的。 [0015] Preferably, according to this aspect, the number and size of each of the conductive regions of the conductive regions of the present invention is the power density of a predetermined area of ​​the irregular shape of the lens is determined. 根据本发明的该方面的一个实施例,优选地,每个区域的所述功率密度与每个其他区域的所述功率密度相同。 According to one embodiment of this aspect of the present invention, preferably, the power density of each region and each of the other regions of the power density is the same. 根据本发明的该方面的另一个实施例,至少一个区域的所述功率密度不同于另一区域的所述功率密度。 According to another embodiment of this aspect of the present invention, the power density of the at least one region is different than the power density of another region.

[0016]衬底上多个区域的数量以及每个区域的大小可以根据加热廓线做出,也可以不根据加热廓线做出。 [0016] The number and size of the substrate a plurality of regions each region may be made according to the heating profile, may not be made according to the heating profile. 在这方面,根据本发明的这方面,加热廓线可以仅为设计者方对透镜的理解,他或她希望跨越透镜衬底以可能的程度进行均匀加热。 In this regard, according to this aspect of the present invention, the heating profile may be only the designer of the lens side of understanding, that he or she wishes to extent possible uniform heating across a lens substrate. 或者,根据本发明的另一方面,理解或廓线可包含对眼罩的配置加热,与滑雪者的情形相比,例如可能是滑板者的情形。 Alternatively, according to another aspect of the present invention, be understood that the configuration or profile may include heating of the visor, as compared with the case of the skier, skater, for example, the case may be. 加热廓线通常可被用于当眼罩的一个或多个部分要有意地比眼罩的其他部分更暖和(例如,一侧比另一侧更暖和,或者边缘比眼罩的中间更暖和)。 Or more portions of a heating profile generally be used when the visor to be intentionally warmer than other portions of the eye shield (e.g., warmer than the other side, or warmer than the central edge of the goggles). 因此,例如,在滑板者的情形中,对应于单板滑雪者的前脚的透镜一侧可能需要更多的热量,因为单板滑雪者通常从山上滑下时倾斜站立。 Thus, for example, in the case of the skater, corresponding to the lens side of the forefoot snowboarders may require more heat, since the snowboarder usually slide down a hill when the tilt stand. 根据本发明的均匀加热方面或者根据本发明的定制加热方面,加热廓线可包括更加详细的书面廓线,其包括一个或多个所限定的透镜加热材料区域,对透镜加热材料区域的大小和形状的识别,具有相对增加的加热的所希望的区域,或减少加热的所希望的区域,以及对各自区域功率密度的识别和计算。 According to aspects of the invention uniformly heated or heated according to the customized aspect of the invention, the heating profile may include more detailed written profile, which comprises a lens or a plurality of heating the material region defined, the size of the region and the heating of the material of the lens shape recognition, having a relatively increased heating of the desired area, or reduce the heating of the desired area, and an identification of the respective area and power density calculations. 因此,加热廓线可以非常简单,甚至仅被理解,或者更加复杂并且甚至书面,并且确定跨越眼罩从一个导电区域至下一个导电区域是希望均衡的加热还是均匀的加热,或者针对给定眼罩配置或目的,是否更希望对每个区域的完全或成比例的配置廓线。 Thus, heating profile can be very simple, even be understood only, or more complex and even in writing, and determines spanning goggles from one conductive area to the next one electrically conducting region is even heating or uniform heating desired, or for a given goggles configuration or object, whether it is more desirable to complete the configuration profiles or proportional to each region. 本发明可被用于产生规则形状的和更加不规则形状的眼罩二者,其被均匀加热,或可替换地,根据定制加热廓线加热。 Both goggles present invention can be used to produce a more regularly shaped and irregularly shaped, which is uniformly heated, or alternatively, the heating according to the customized heating profile.

[0017]在本发明的一个实施例中,每个导电区域被眼罩衬底上的电子导通区域隔离。 [0017] In one embodiment of the present invention, each of the conductive regions are isolated electron conductive region on the substrate goggles. 本发明的本实施例使得设计者和制造商能够提供针对通过单独的电子通道的、对眼罩的单独区域的驱动,如在共同未决美国专利申请序列号13/397,691、公布号US2013/0212765A1、Cornel ius所做出的发明中所描述的。 This embodiment of the present invention enables designers and manufacturers to provide for by driving of the individual regions of the eye cup separate electronic channel, as described in co-pending U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 13 / 397,691, in Publication No. US2013 / 0212765A1, Cornel ius invention made as described.

[0018]在本发明的另一实施例中,每个导电区域被提供为与眼罩上的加热材料的相邻区域连续。 [0018] In another embodiment of the present invention, each conductive region is provided adjacent to the heating zone of the continuous material on the goggles. 本发明的本实施例使得设计者和制造商能够提供一种眼罩,其被均匀加热,或根据廓线被加热,其可带有或不带有HVM控制,并且因此本发明的该实施例简化了护目镜的制造,因此允许花费较少的护目镜。 This embodiment of the present invention enables designers and manufacturers to provide a goggles, which is uniformly heated, or is heated according profile, which may be with or without HVM control, and therefore a simplified embodiment of the embodiment of the present invention. manufactured goggles, thus allowing less expensive goggles.

[0019]根据以上所描述的本发明的任一实施例,根据本发明的该方面的眼罩还可包括至少两个汇流条,其连接至导电区域并适合用于将导电区域与供电电路互连。 [0019] According to the present invention according to any one of the above-described embodiment, this aspect of the goggles according to the present invention may further comprise at least two bus bars, which is connected to the conductive region and the conductive region adapted for interconnection with a power supply circuit . 本发明的该实施例允许眼罩的设计者和制造商与护目镜中所提供的单个通道电路一起工作。 Designers and manufacturers work with a single channel circuit goggles provided This embodiment allows the goggles of the present invention. 可替换地,在本发明的任一实施例中,根据本发明的该方面的眼罩还可包括多个导电汇流条,其连接至所述导电区域中的每一个,并且适合用于将每个所述导电区域与供电电路互连。 Alternatively, in an embodiment of the present invention to any embodiment, aspect of the goggles according to the present invention may further comprise a plurality of conductive bus bars, each of which is connected to the conductive regions, and adapted to each the power supply circuit interconnected with the conductive region. 本发明的该实施例允许已加热的眼罩的设计者和制造商与多通道电路一起工作,以提供对眼罩加热的甚至更大的控制。 Working with this embodiment of the present invention allow heated eyewear designer and manufacturer of multi-channel circuit, to provide even greater control of the heating goggles.

[0020]根据本发明的任一方面,并且通过本发明的任一实施例,加热材料的指定阻抗可根据加热材料的不同制成来改变,,例如,每平方1欧姆的ITO (或其他家人材料),每平方20欧姆的ITO等,或者加热材料的厚度可被改变以改变该阻抗。 [0020] According to any aspect of the invention, and by any of an embodiment of the present invention, the specified resistance heating material can be made to vary depending on the material to be heated ,, e.g., 1 ohm per square ITO (or other family members material), 20 ohm per square ITO or the like, or the thickness of the heating material may be varied to vary the impedance. 或者,可替换地,根据本发明的任一方面,可利用加热材料的可变制成和可变厚度的组合。 Or, alternatively, according to any aspect of the invention, it may be made using a combination of a variable and a variable thickness of material to be heated. 因此,根据本发明的任一方面以及本发明的任一实施例,眼罩的多个导电区域中的至少一个的加热材料可被设置为具有指定的每平方阻抗,其不同于眼罩的多个导电区域中的另一个的加热材料的指定的每平方阻抗。 Thus, according to an aspect of the present invention and any one to any one of the embodiments of the present invention, a plurality of conductive regions of the eye patch of at least one material to be heated may be set to have a specified impedance per square, which is different from the plurality of conductive eyewear specified per square resistance heating material in the region of the other. 另外,所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料的制成是根据所述加热材料的每平方的给定阻抗所选择的。 Further, formed at least one of the plurality of heating material is electrically conductive regions per square according to the given impedance of the heating material is selected. 另外,所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料的每平方阻抗是至少部分通过改变应用到所述衬底的所述加热材料的厚度来确定的。 Further, the impedance of the heating material per square plurality of the conductive regions of the at least one at least partially determined by the thickness of the substrate is applied to the material to be heated changes. 通过这种方式,不管是否通过加热廓线,眼罩的设计者和制造商能够有更大的灵活性从而通过根据本发明的任一方面或任一实施例从可用的材料和厚度中选择以设计眼罩和其所希望的加热特征。 In this manner, whether by heating profile, designers and manufacturers of the goggles so as to have greater flexibility by selecting from the available materials and thicknesses according to any aspect of the invention or any embodiment to design goggles and heating features they want. 给定大小、形状、电压输入和功率密度要求,这种在设计和制造期间针对眼罩的设计选择的灵活性使得更加容易实现跨越多个导电区域的功率密度的均衡。 Given size, shape, density and power requirements of the input voltage, the flexibility of design choice for the visor such that the power density of more easily balanced across multiple conductive regions implemented during design and manufacture.

[0021]同样,关于本发明的具有定制的加热方面和/或实施例(不管是在电隔离加热区域实施例中还是连续加热区域实施例中),鉴于前述显然的是,设置有多个导电区域中的至少一个区域具有功率密度,该功率目的不同于多个导电区域中的另一个的功率密度。 [0021] Similarly, with regard heated to customize and / or embodiments (whether electrically isolate the heating region In this embodiment the heating region or continuous embodiment), view of the foregoing it is apparent that a plurality of conductive provided on the invention at least one of the regions has a power density, the power of another object different from the plurality of conductive regions of the power density. 因此,通过利用一个或多个具有比另一个或其他不同的每平方阻抗的导电区域,或使得导电区域的厚度不同,或使得相同眼罩上的加热元件不同,可以容易地使能配置加热廓线,以适应具体的需求,诸如极端条件下的性能要求,定制应用,极其不规则形状的眼罩等。 Thus, by using one or more different than another or other conductive regions of different impedances per square, or so that the thickness of the conductive region, so that the heating element or on the same goggles different, can be easily configured to enable heating profile to meet specific needs, such as performance requirements under extreme conditions, custom applications, goggles and the like is extremely irregular.

[0022]根据发明的另一方面,针对本发明的所有实施例以及是否使用均匀加热或定制加热,优选地,眼罩的衬底是不规则形状,因为正是这种眼罩将易于受到非均匀加热的影响。 [0022] According to another aspect of the invention, for all embodiments of the present invention, and whether uniform heating or a custom heating, preferably, the substrate is irregularly shaped visor, goggles since it is this non-uniform heating will readily be Impact. 在该上下文中,不规则形状的眼罩或衬底意味着除了正方形或矩形以外的任意形状的眼罩或衬底。 In this context, means that the goggles or irregularly shaped substrate other than a square or rectangular shape of goggles or any substrate.

[0023]因此,根据本发明的第一方面,提供了一种适合与供电电路一起使用的眼罩,所述供电电路具有给定电压,以用于防止所述眼罩的雾化并用于防止所述眼罩上的热点,包括:光透明衬底,适合用于保护用户眼睛,并且适合用于限定所述用户眼睛与所述衬底之间的至少一个部分封闭的空间;以及所述衬底上的光透明电阻抗薄膜导电加热材料的多个电隔离导电区域,其中每个区域的所述功率密度与每个其他区域的所述功率密度相同,并且其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的加热材料具有指定的每平方阻抗,所述指定的每平方阻抗不同于所述多个导电区域中的另一个的加热材料的指定的每平方阻抗。 [0023] Thus, according to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a power supply circuit suitable for use with the goggles, the power supply circuit has a given voltage, for preventing fogging of the visor and for preventing the hot spots on goggles, comprising: a light transparent substrate, suitable for protecting the user's eyes, and at least one partly enclosed space defined between the user's eyes and the substrate suitable for use; on the substrate and a plurality of optically transparent electrically conductive thin film electrical resistance heating material isolated conductive regions, wherein the power density in each region is the same as the power density of each of the other regions, the plurality of conductive regions and wherein said at least one of heating material having a specified impedance per square, the impedance of the specified per square per square different from the plurality of specified impedance conductive region of the other of the heated material.

[0024]或者,可替换地,根据本发明的第一方面的可替换实施例,提供了一种适合与供电电路一起使用的眼罩,所述供电电路具有给定电压,以用于防止所述眼罩的雾化并用于防止所述眼罩上的热点,包括:光透明衬底,适合用于保护用户眼睛,并且适合用于限定所述用户眼睛与所述衬底之间的至少一个部分封闭的空间;以及所述衬底上的光透明电阻抗薄膜导电加热材料的多个连续导电区域,其中每个区域的所述功率密度与每个其他区域的所述功率密度相同,并且其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的加热材料具有指定的每平方阻抗,所述指定的每平方阻抗不同于所述多个导电区域中的另一个的加热材料的指定的每平方阻抗。 [0024] or, alternatively, according to a first aspect of the alternative embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a power supply circuit suitable for use with the goggles, the power supply circuit has a given voltage, for preventing the goggles atomization and hot spots on the visor for preventing, comprising: a light transparent substrate, suitable for protecting the user's eyes, and adapted for closing at least a portion defined between the user's eyes and the substrate space; and a plurality of discrete conductive regions optically transparent electrically conductive film impedance heating of the material on the substrate, wherein the density of each zone is the same as the power density of the power of each of the other regions, and wherein said plurality conductive regions of the at least one heating material having a specified impedance per square, the impedance of the specified per square per square different from the plurality of specified impedance conductive region of the other of the heated material.

[0025]另外,鉴于前述可理解,所述多个导电区域中的所述至少一个的所述加热材料的每平方阻抗是至少部分通过改变应用到所述衬底的所述加热材料的厚度来确定的。 [0025] Further, in view of the foregoing appreciated, the electrically conductive region in at least one of the plurality of said per square resistance heating material is applied to at least in part by changing the thickness of the substrate material to be heated to definite. 因此,应该理解作为本发明的一部分的加热材料的任意区域的阻抗可通过选择具有不同制成的加热材料以及改变应用到透镜衬底的加热材料的厚度之一或二者来改变。 Accordingly, it should be understood that as the impedance of any portion of the region of the heating material of the present invention may have different heating material made by selecting and changing the thickness of one or both of heating the lens material applied to the substrate is changed.

[0026]本发明的眼罩提供了独特的防雾眼罩以用于与滑雪护目镜、潜水面罩、摩托车头盔护目镜或雪地摩托头盔护目镜等一起使用。 [0026] The goggles of the present invention provides a unique anti-fog and goggles for skiing goggles, diving mask, a motorcycle helmet visor or goggles snowmobile helmet used together. 另外,根据本发明的眼罩提供了独特的防雾眼罩,以用于医用、高科技、测试或护目镜或眼罩的雾化将成为问题的其他工作环境。 Further, a unique anti-fogging goggles goggles according to the present invention, for medical, high-tech, or atomized test goggles or other eyewear will become the working environmental problems. 通过本发明,实现了对眼罩上不希望的热点的去除,因为每个区域可被设计为合适的大小和形状,其产生适于被加热的区域的大小的功率密度。 By the present invention, to achieve the removal of undesirable hot spots on the goggles, since each zone may be designed to an appropriate size and shape, which is adapted to produce a heated area of ​​the size of the power density. 并且虽然本发明在使能防雾的同时还使能防止眼罩上的热点,而无需脉宽调制(PWM)系统,该脉宽调制系统在共同未决的美国专利申请序列号13/397,691、公开号为1^2013/0212765六1、(:0«^1丨118的发明中进行了描述,但是,如果希望的话或者出于其他原因,其也可以与这种PWM系统一起使用。因此,本发明实现了对眼罩的加热,并且因此实现了防雾同时还防止眼罩上的热点,因为对眼罩的加热的均衡或反之的对眼罩的定制区加热是由眼罩自身并在设计和制造之时确定的。这使得眼罩的提供以及结果的护目镜、面罩或其他眼罩更加性价比高地生产,并且在防雾和防止眼罩上的热点方面更加功能有效,因为能够利用较不负载和更加廉价的电子来产生眼罩以及由此的结果眼部穿戴。 Although the present invention and at the same time enabling antifogging also enable prevent hot spots on the goggles, without a pulse width modulation (PWM) system, the PWM system in copending U.S. Application Serial No. 13 / 397,691 , 1 ^ Publication No. 2013/0212765 six 1, (: 0 «^ 1 Shu invention 118 has been described, but, if desired, or for other reasons, which may be used with this PWM system therefore. the present invention achieves heating of the goggles, and thus achieving the antifogging while also preventing hot spots on the goggles, since the heating of the visor, or vice versa balanced heating of customizing region eyewear goggles by itself and in the design and manufacture of when determined. this allows the goggles and the results provided goggles, face shield or goggles other more cost-effective production Heights, and anti-fog and preventing hot spots on the goggles function more efficiently, since it is possible using an electronic load less expensive and more eye goggles and generating therefrom a result of wear.

[0027]本发明的前述方面提供了一种眼罩,其适合用于在电子电路中被加热,以将眼罩的内表面的温度提高至高于结露点,以便防雾,而不会在眼罩的部分上创建不希望的热点,例如,跨越鼻梁,其中统一的均匀应用的加热材料将产生针对该区域过大的功率从而导致过度加热。 Aspect of the [0027] present invention provides a goggles, suitable for use in an electronic circuit is heated to the temperature of the inner surface of the visor raised to above the dew point, so that fog, without the visor portion creating unwanted hot spots on, for example, across the bridge of the nose, wherein the uniform heating of the material is uniformly applied to the region for generating power causing excessive overheating. 另外,通过利用PWM来最大化系统的效率,如在共同未决的美国专利申请序列号13/397,691、公开号为1^2013/0212765六1、(:0«^1丨118的发明中所描述的,前述益处和特性可通过用单个、极其便携的功率源供电来实现,诸如保持在框架或护目镜的条带中的锂离子电池。但是,通过本发明的帮助,包括一个或多个电池(诸如锂离子电池)以及开/闭开关的简单电路将足以提供无雾的护目镜透镜,其或跨越整个透镜被均匀地加热,或者可替换地,根据定制模式来被加热。 Shu invention 118 1 0 «^: Further, by using PWM to maximize the efficiency of the system, as described in copending U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 13 / 397,691, Publication No. 1 ^ 2013/0212765 six 1, ( as described in the aforementioned benefits and features can be obtained by a single, highly portable source of power supply to achieve, such as holding the strip in the goggle frame or a lithium ion battery. However, with the help of the present invention, comprises one or a plurality of cells (such as a lithium ion battery) and an opening / closing switch circuit will be sufficient to provide a simple non-fogging eyewear lens or across the whole lens is uniformly heated, or alternatively, be heated in accordance with customization.

[0028]本发明的该方面的设备使能对眼罩的均衡的、或可替换地,定制的加热,其可带有或不带有脉宽调制(PWM)加热器驱动器,如在共同未决的美国专利申请序列号13/397,691、公开号为US2013/0212765Al、Cornelius的发明中所描述的。 [0028] The apparatus aspect of the present invention is to enable equalization of goggles, or alternatively, the customized heating, which may be with or without a pulse width modulation (PWM) drives the heater, as described in co-pending U.S. Patent application serial No. 13 / 397,691, Publication No. US2013 / 0212765Al, Cornelius the invention described herein. 因此,本发明的方法提供了一种眼罩,其容易生产并且性价比高,并且眼罩还将工作以允许针对各种不同的加热护目镜、面罩或护目镜进行均匀的或定制的加热。 Thus, the method of the present invention provides an eye patch which is easy to produce and cost effective, and goggles will work to allow a uniform or tailored for a variety of heating heating goggles, face shield or goggles. 虽然如在共同未决的美国专利申请序列号13/397,691、公开号为1^2013/0212765六1、(:0«^1丨118的发明中所描述的?¥1加热器驱动器将允许眼罩上的加热材料的输出的可变性,并且将允许在电池使用方面的甚至更大的系统效率,但是,针对本发明的目的,PWM加热器驱动器不是必须的,因为如果用户仅希望眼罩的均匀或定制加热廓线,而无需通过单个PWM通道加热器驱动器来改变眼罩的加热输出以尽可能地保持能量的能力,则用户可仅使用恒定电压、恒定输出的加热系统,以用于本发明的眼罩,从而获得所希望的结果。因此,本发明可被适合用于与利用便携式电池的眼罩加热系统一同使用,如承载在护目镜本体或条带上的较小电池的情形,或者如果更大的电池也是可用的,则如雪地摩托、飞机、汽车或其他车辆上的电池的情形。 Although as described in copending U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 13 / 397,691, Publication No. 1 ^ 2013/0212765 six 1, (: 0 «^ 1 Shu invention 118 as described in the heater driver ¥ 1? allows the output of the heating material on the visor variability, and would allow even greater system efficiency in the use of the battery, however, for purposes of the present invention, the PWM heater driver is not necessary, because if the user wants only eyewear a uniform heating profile or custom, without having to change the heating output of the PWM channel goggles by a single heater driver with the ability to maintain the energy as much as possible, the user can only use a constant voltage, constant output of the heating system, for use in the present invention eye mask, so as to obtain the desired result. Accordingly, the present invention may be adapted for use with a portable battery for use with heating systems goggles, goggles body as in the case of a small battery or strip carrier, or, if more a large battery is also available, the snowmobile, the situation of the battery on the airplane, car or other vehicle.

[0029]通过本发明的任一前述实施例,可在加热材料上应用非导电保护性涂层以保护加热材料。 [0029] Example embodiments of the present invention by any of preceding may be applied in a non-conductive protective coating on the heating material to protect the heating material. 该保护性涂层保持在加热材料上并且衬底帮助确定加热材料将不会由于划伤而毁损,划伤将削弱眼罩上的加热材料的功能。 The protective coating remains on the substrate material and heating the heated material will not help determine the damage due to the scratch, the scratch impaired function of the heating material on the goggles.

[0030]用于制造本发明的眼罩的方法的任一前述方面,或者本发明的结果眼罩,可被适合用于与体育护目镜或任何保护性眼罩的制造一起使用,诸如,用于滑雪、室内赛车(innertubing)、平底雪橇滑雪、攀登冰坡、骑雪摩托、骑自行车、跑步、与患者一起工作,在其他医用或测试环境中等。 Any of the aforementioned aspects [0030] A method for producing the goggles according to the present invention, the goggles or the result of the present invention can be adapted for use with any protective sports goggles or manufacturing eyewear, such as for skiing, indoor racing (innertubing), tobogganing, climbing Bingpo, snowmobile riding, cycling, running, working with patients, medical or other medium in the test environment. 另外,本发明的任意前述方面可被适合用于生产潜水面具眼罩。 Further, any of the foregoing aspects of the invention may be suitable for the production mask diving goggles.

[0031]在本说明书的结尾部分具体指出并清晰地要求保护本发明的主体内容。 [0031] particularly pointed out in the concluding portion of this specification and claimed subject clearly present invention. 但是,组织和操作的方法二者以及其进一步的优势和目的可通过参照以下与附图一起的描述被最佳地理解,其中相似的参考字符指相似的元件。 However, both the organization and method of operation, together with further advantages and objects by reference to the following description can be best understood in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference characters refer to like elements.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0032]图1是根据本发明的一个方面的用于适合在系统中使用眼罩的方法的流程图,该系统用于防止眼罩的雾化同时防止眼罩中的热点; [0032] FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a method suitable for use in the system of the goggles according to one aspect of the present invention, the system for atomizing visor while preventing the goggles prevent hot spots;

[0033]图2是眼罩的至少一部分图形表示的前视图,该眼罩在规则形状的透镜衬底上具有多个等大小的、电隔离加热材料区域,并且并行地与直流电池相连接; [0033] FIG. 2 is a front view of a graphical representation of at least a portion of the goggles, the goggles and the like having a plurality of sizes on the lens substrate regularly shaped heating material electrically isolating regions, and in parallel with the battery connected to the DC;

[0034]图3是眼罩的至少一部分可替换实施例的图形表示的前视图,该眼罩在不规则形状的透镜衬底上具有多个等长度的、电隔离加热材料区域,并且并行地与直流电池相连接; [0034] FIG. 3 is at least a portion of an alternative front view of goggles graphical representation of the embodiment, the eye shield having a plurality of equal length on the lens substrate, irregularly shaped, electrically isolating material heating zone, and in parallel to the DC the battery is connected;

[0035]图4是图3的可替换实施例的图形表示的前视图,但是其中,眼罩的功率由多个对应的脉宽调制加热器驱动器控制; [0035] FIG. 4 is a front view of an alternative embodiment of the graphics representation of the embodiment 3 but in which the power is controlled by a plurality of goggles corresponding to the pulse width modulated heater drive;

[0036]图5是眼罩的至少一部分另一可替换实施例的图形表示的前视图,该眼罩在不规则形状的透镜衬底上具有多个不同大小的(在平面图中)、电隔离的加热材料区域,并且利用单个上部汇流条和单个下部汇流条经由单个脉宽调制器并行地与直流电池相连接; [0036] FIG. 5 is at least part of the goggles front view of another alternative embodiment of the graphical representation, the goggles having a plurality of different sizes (in plan view) on the lens substrate irregularly shaped, electrically isolated heating material region, using a single upper and a single bus bar and a lower bus bar connected in parallel to the battery via a single DC pulse width modulator;

[0037]图6a是眼罩的至少一部分的另一可替换实施例的图形表示的前视图,该眼罩在不规则形状的透镜衬底上具有多个不同大小的(在平面图中)、电隔离加热材料区域,并且该衬底可具有等厚度的或不同厚度的加热材料区域; [0037] Figure 6a is another at least a portion of the eyewear front view of an alternative embodiment of the graphical representation, the goggles having a plurality of different sizes (in plan view) in the irregularly shaped lens substrate, electrically isolated heating material region, and the substrate may have a constant thickness or a heating material regions of different thickness;

[0038]图6b是图6a(假定图6a中不同的厚度加热元件区域)中所示的加热的眼罩的一部分的可替换实施例的图形表示的底视图,其中假定透镜衬底上跨越多个电隔离加热元件区域是均匀加热的,并且通过向透镜衬底应用不同厚度的同一透明薄膜导电材料来实现; [0038] FIG. 6a 6b is a view (FIG. 6a assumed different heating element region thickness) bottom view of a graphical representation of the embodiment of the visor shown in a heated portion of an alternative embodiment, assuming that the substrate across a plurality of lens the heating element is electrically isolated from the region of uniform heating, and the substrate is achieved by applying the same to the lens material, a transparent conductive film of a different thickness;

[0039]图6c是图6a(假定图6a中不同的厚度加热元件区域)中所示的加热的眼罩的一部分的可替换实施例的图形表示底视图,其中假定透镜衬底上跨越多个电隔离加热元件区域是定制加热的(即,在中心处更冷,而在每一端更热),并且通过向透镜衬底应用不同厚度的同一透明薄膜导电材料来实现; [0039] FIG. 6a 6c is a view (FIG. 6a assuming different heating element region thickness) pattern visor embodiment illustrated in the heated portion of an alternative representation of a bottom view, assuming the lens substrate across a plurality of electrically the heating element isolation region is heated customized (i.e., at the center cooler, hotter and at each end), and realized by the same transparent conductive film material is applied to the different thicknesses of the lens substrate;

[0040]图7a是眼罩的至少一部分的另一可替换实施例的图形表示的前视图,该眼罩在不规则形状的透镜衬底上具有多个不同大小的(在平面图中)、连续的加热材料区域,并且该衬底可具有等厚度或不同厚度的加热材料区域; [0040] Figure 7a is at least a portion of the eyewear of another alternative embodiment of a front view of the graphical representation of the embodiment, the eye shield having a plurality of different sizes (in plan view) in the irregularly shaped lens substrate, successive heating material region, and the substrate thickness or the like may have regions of different thickness heating material;

[0041]图7b图7a(假定图7a中不同的厚度加热元件区域)中所示的加热的眼罩的一部分的可替换实施例的图形表示的底视图,其中假定透镜衬底上跨越多个连续加热元件区域是均匀加热的,并且通过向透镜衬底应用不同厚度的同一透明薄膜导电材料来实现; Graphical representation of a bottom view of the embodiment shown heating visor [0041] FIG. 7b 7a (FIG. 7a assumed different heating element region thickness) of a portion of an alternative, assuming that the substrate across a plurality of consecutive lenses uniform heating zone is a heating element, and realized by the same transparent conductive film material is applied to the different thicknesses of the lens substrate;

[0042]图7c是图7a(假定图7a中不同的厚度加热元件区域)中所示的加热的眼罩的一部分的可替换实施例的图形表示的底视图,其中假定透镜衬底上跨越多个连续加热元件区域是定制加热的(即,在中心处更冷,而在每一端更热),并且通过向透镜衬底应用不同厚度的同一透明薄膜导电材料来实现; [0042] FIG. 7a 7c is a view (FIG. 7a assumed different heating element region thickness) bottom view of a graphical representation of the embodiment of the visor shown in a heated portion of an alternative embodiment, assuming that the substrate across a plurality of lens continuously heated heating element is a custom region (i.e., at the center cooler, hotter and at each end), and realized by the same transparent conductive film material is applied to the different thicknesses of the lens substrate;

[0043]图8是眼罩的另一可替换实施例的图形表示的前视图,该眼罩在不规则形状的透镜衬底上具有多个电隔离的加热材料区域,并且利用多个上部汇流条和单个下部接地汇流条以将加热材料区域中的每一个与多通道电路相连接,以作为多通道PWM受控的护目镜电路。 [0043] FIG. 8 is another front view of goggles alternative embodiment of the graphical representation, the goggles having a plurality of heating material electrically isolated areas on the irregular shape of the lens substrate, and an upper portion with a plurality of bus bars and single ground bus bar to the lower portion of each of the multi-channel circuit is connected to the heating material regions, as the multi-channel PWM circuit goggles controlled.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0044] 参照图1,公开了方法100,该方法开始于初始位置102,以用于适合光透明眼罩用于电子电路中以防止眼罩的雾化,同时防止眼罩上的热点。 [0044] Referring to FIG. 1, a method 100, the method 102 begins at an initial position, suitable for atomizing light transparent goggles to prevent an electronic circuit visor, while preventing hot spot on the goggles. 在开始于102之后,该方法100包括以下步骤:在104处选择非导电性衬底,其限定了光透明眼罩以及眼罩的外围;在106处,确定电源电压,其优选地为直流电池电压源(例如,8.4 VDC,其为两个4.2 VDC、充满电的锂离子电池的输出),但是,其可能不是来自PWM驱动器的输出;用于限定眼罩的外围内的加热模式的加热廓线;在108处,根据加热廓线来确定多个区域的数量以及每个区域的大小(是电隔离的还是连续的);在110处,针对每个区域选择所希望的功率密度(Pd);在112处,将加热区域映射至眼罩衬底的对应区域;利用公式R=(E2-Pd)/H2来计算针对每个区域的每平方的阻抗(R),其中R=每平方的阻抗,E =电压,Pd =功率密度,以及H=汇流条之间的距离(此处表示为H,因为它是上部汇流条和下部汇流条之间的垂直距离,如在高度中的);将带有每平方对应阻抗的加热材料应用116至眼 After starting in 102, the method 100 comprises the steps of: selecting a non-conductive substrate 104, which defines the periphery of the light transparent goggles and goggles; at 106, the supply voltage is determined, which is preferably a DC battery voltage source (e.g., 8.4 VDC, which is a two 4.2 VDC, full output power of the lithium ion battery), but it may not be output from the PWM driver; heating mode for heating the profile is defined within the peripheral visor; the at 108, to determine the number and the size of each of a plurality of regions based on the heating profile (electrically isolated or continuous); at 110, for each area to select a desired power density (Pd); 112 at the heating region is mapped to a corresponding region of the substrate goggles; using the formula R = (E2-Pd) / H2 calculated for impedance (R) per square for each region, wherein each of the impedance R square =, E = the distance between the voltages, Pd = power density, and H = busbar (here denoted as H, as it is the vertical distance between the upper and lower bus bars of the bus bar, as the height); with each of the impedance corresponding to the square of the heating material 116 applied to the eye 罩的对应导电区域,以使得眼罩的每个对应区域适合用于导通电流;以及在116处,应用连接至适合用于导通电流的区域的汇流条,汇流条和适合用于导通电流的区域被适合用于完成有电池供电的电子电路。 Conductive areas corresponding to the cover, so that the visor for each corresponding region for conducting current; and at 116, the application area is connected to the bus bar for conducting current for the bus bar and adapted for conducting current area is suitable for a battery-powered electronic circuit for completing. 应该理解,如所示并在以下连同图8进一步描述的,可以使用多个上部汇流条和的单个汇流条,或者如所示并在以下连同图5进一步描述的,可使用单个上部汇流条和单个下部汇流条。 It should be appreciated that, as shown in a single bus bar and further described below in connection with FIG. 8, a plurality of bus bars and the upper, or as shown and described further below in connection with FIG. 5, using a single bus bar and the upper portion the lower single busbar. 将理解,存在若干种将加热材料(诸如,ITO)应用到衬底的方法,其包括公知的离子溅射、涂层、真空沉积涂层、喷涂、粘合剂、粘合剂涂底(adhesive backed)方法以及其他方法。 It will be appreciated, the present method is applied to the substrate several heating material (such as, the ITO), which comprises a known ion sputtering, coating, vacuum deposition coating, spray coating, adhesive, primer adhesive (Adhesive backed) method and other methods.

[0045]用于根据本发明来创建加热透镜的处理的额外步骤可涉及将非导通性保护涂层应用到加热材料,以保护衬底上的加热材料。 [0045] The additional step of heating the process for creating a lens according to the present invention may involve non-conductive protective coating applied to the heated material to protect the heating material on the substrate. 因此,保护性涂层被固定在加热材料和衬底上,以帮助确保加热材料不会被由于划伤而毁坏,划伤将削弱眼罩衬底上的加热材料的功會K。 Thus, the protective coating layer is fixed on the substrate and heating the material, to help ensure that the material is not heated and destroyed due to the scratches, the scratches would weaken the power of the heating material on the substrate goggles K.

[0046] 眼罩衬底(例如,图2的212,图3的312,图6a的602,图7a的702,或图8的800)可从任意数量的材料中选择104,诸如光透明聚碳酸酯,其他塑料,钢化玻璃等,其足够坚硬以掩蔽用户的眼镜以防降雪、雨水、风或用户环境中其他相对较小的空中游离微粒。 [0046] goggles substrate (e.g., 212 of FIG. 2, 312 in FIG. 3, 602, 702 of FIG. 7a FIG. 6a or FIG 8008) of 104 can be selected from any number of materials, such as transparent polycarbonate light esters, other plastics, glass and the like, which is hard enough to mask against a user's glasses snow, rain, wind or other user environment relatively small particle free air. 在滑雪护目镜或其他寒冷天气护目镜的情形中,优选地,眼罩衬底(例如,图2的212,图3的312,图6a的602,图7a的702,或图8的800)足够柔韧以一般地符合用户的头部和脸部,眼罩优选地被保持在半弯曲的框中,该框保持眼罩环绕其外围,并且经由使用惯常的条带,将眼罩保持在距离用户的脸部合适的距离处,以便环绕用户的眼睛并在用户的眼睛前方形成封闭的空间,该框通常在用户的脸部和护目镜的剩余部分之间提供半渗透的密封。 In the case of cold weather ski goggles or other eyewear, preferably, goggles substrate (e.g., 212 of FIG. 2, 312 in FIG. 3, 602 of Figure 6a, Figure 7a 702, or 800 of FIG. 8) is sufficient flexible to generally conform to the user's head and face, goggles are preferably held in a half-bent in the box, the box holding goggles around its periphery, and through the use of usual strips, maintained in the goggles from the user's face at a suitable distance, so as to surround the user's eyes and form a sealed space in front of the user's eye, which typically provides a semi-permeable seal between the remaining part of the user's face and goggles. 本发明所使用的各种眼罩的材料还应当抗震、抗破裂或否则抗击破,如其被选择的特定目的所必须的,并且是本领域技术人员所公知的。 Various eye mask used in the present invention, the material should also earthquakes, rupture or otherwise broken combating particular object as it must be selected, and is known to those skilled in the art.

[0047]在潜水面罩的情形中,眼罩衬底(例如,图2的212,图3的312,图6a的602,图7a的702,或图8的800)将通常从某种程度上更加坚硬的塑料或玻璃材料中选择104,并且在护目镜或医用全脸眼罩的情形中,衬底将同样从某种程度上更加坚硬的塑料或玻璃材料中选择104,该材料足够轻型,但是还足够坚硬,以允许耐用并重复地将眼罩放置在合适的位置以保护用户的眼睛。 [0047] In the case of the diving mask, goggles substrate (e.g., 212 of FIG. 2, 312 in FIG. 3, 602, 702 of FIG. 7a FIG. 6a or FIG 8008) A somewhat more typically from selecting a hard plastic or glass material 104, and in the case of medical goggles or full-face visor, the substrate 104 will likewise selected from somewhat more rigid plastic or glass material, the material is light enough, but also stiff enough to allow the durable goggles and repeatedly placed in position to protect the user's eyes. 优选地,对眼罩衬底的选择104将是在其内部(后侧)表面和其外部(前侧)表面二者上的触感都平滑的材料,并且其被适合为与所选加热材料形成粘合。 Preferably, the selection of the substrate 104 pairs of goggles will be inside (rear side) and its outer surface (front side) of the touch on both the surfaces of smooth material, and it is suitably selected adhesive material is heated co. 眼罩衬底材料是本领域技术人员所公知的,并且,对任何类型的光透明眼罩衬底的选择将落入此处所附权利要求的范围。 Goggles substrate materials are well known to the skilled person, and the choice of any type of light transparent substrate goggles will fall within the scope of the claims appended hereto.

[0048]仍旧参照图1,多个区域的数量和衬底上每个区域的大小可以根据加热廓线做出,也可以不根据加热廓线做出。 [0048] Still referring to FIG. 1, the number of the plurality of regions of the substrate, and the size of each area can be made according to the heating profile, may not be made according to the heating profile. 加热廓线可以仅为透镜的设计者方的希望、想法或理解,跨越透镜衬底的可能程度的均匀加热是所希望的。 Desired heating profile may be only the side of the lens designer, the idea or understanding, the degree uniform heating across the lens may be a substrate is desired. 或者,可替换地,加热廓线可涉及对眼罩的定制加热,如与滑雪者加热简档相比,用于滑雪板的情形。 Or, alternatively, the heating profile may involve heating of customizable goggles, as compared with skier heating profile, for the case of skis. 因此,不同于简单地跨越眼罩的均匀加热,可使用更加正式的加热廓线,其中有意将眼罩的一个或多个部分比眼罩的其他部分更暖和(例如,一侧比另一侧更暖和,或者,边缘比眼罩的中间更暖和)。 Thus, unlike simple uniform heating across the visor, can be used more formal heating profile, wherein the one or more portions intentionally goggles warmer than other portions of the eye shield (e.g., warmer than the other side, Alternatively, warmer than the central edge of the goggles). 因此,例如,在单板滑雪的情形中,对应于单板滑雪者的前脚的透镜一侧可能需要更多的热量,因为单板滑雪者通常从山上滑下时倾斜站立。 Thus, for example, in the case of snowboarding, the front leg corresponding to the lens side of snowboarders may require more heat, since the snowboarder usually slide down a hill when the tilt stand. 均匀加热被构想还是定制加热被构想,加热廓线可包括更加详细的书面廓线,其包括一个或多个限定的透镜加热材料区域,对加热材料区域的大小和形状的识别,相对增加的加热或降低加热的所希望的区域,以及对各自区域功率密度的识别或计算。 Heating the uniform heating or a custom contemplated are contemplated, heating profile may include more detailed written profile, comprising one or a plurality of material regions defining the lens heating, the identification of the size and shape of the heated material region, the relative increase in heating or reducing the heating of the desired area, and identifying regions or calculated for the respective power densities. 因此,加热廓线可以非常简单,甚至仅被理解,或者更加复杂并且甚至是书面的。 Thus, heating profile can be very simple, even be understood only, or even more complex and writing. 加热廓线确定从跨越眼罩的一个导电区域至下一个是希望均衡的加热还是均匀的加热,或者确定针对给定眼罩配置或目的,是更加希望针对每个区域的完全加热还是成比例加热的配置廓线。 Heating profile is determined across the visor from a conductive region to the next or even heating is desired uniform heating, or determining for a given purpose goggles or configuration, or to be more desirable allocation ratio for heating each heating zone completely profile. 本发明可被用于产生均匀加热的规则形状和更加不规则形状的眼罩二者,或可替换地,根据定制加热廓线的眼罩。 Both regular shape of the present invention can be used to produce more uniform heating and irregularly shaped goggles, or alternatively, according to the heating profile customized goggles.

[0049]现具体参照图2至图8,示出了从连续的不太复杂至更加复杂的本发明的不同实施例,以阐释许多可能的加热区域大小和形状的组合,以适应衬底的不同大小和形状、对眼罩供电的不同方法(例如,直流电池和PWM)、加热材料的不同形成和厚度、不同的应用(例如,电隔离的和连续的),以及越来越精细的衬底细分,以一般化加热或特定的多通道PWM系统。 [0049] Referring now specifically to FIG. 2 to FIG 8, shows a less complex from a continuous to a more complex embodiment various embodiments of the present invention, to illustrate the many possible combinations of size and shape of the heating zone, to accommodate the substrate different sizes and shapes, different methods of powering goggles (e.g., a battery, and the PWM DC), and are formed of different thickness, different material, the application of heat (e.g., electrical isolation and continuous), and increasingly sophisticated thin substrate points, or specific heat in a generalized multi-channel PWM system. 应该理解,将存在前述基本元件的其他组合,以形成已加热的眼罩透镜,这将不偏离本说明书的权利要求部分中所给出的本发明的范围和精神。 It should be understood that there will be other combinations of the basic elements, to form a heated eye shield lens, it will not be departing from the scope and spirit of the invention as set forth in claim section of the present specification. 例如,虽然在本发明中电源示出为来自透镜的上方,汇流条在上部并且位于透镜下方,但是,本领域技术人员将理解,电源可来自透镜的任一侧或来自透镜的底部的电子设计是不偏离所要求保护的本发明的真正范围和精神的。 For example, although the present invention is illustrated in the power supply for the lens from above, the upper portion of the bus bar and located under the lens, however, those skilled in the art will appreciate that power may be from either side of the lens or electronic design from the bottom of the lens It is not departing from the true scope and spirit of the invention as claimed.

[0050]具体参照图2,存在示出为规则(矩形的)眼罩212上的三个等大小的、矩形、电隔离加热元件区域六、8和(:(分别为214,216和218),其经由并行电路204,206,208,210从带有8.4伏直流电流(VDC)的电压源202从顶部供电,并且经由并行电路220,222,224从底部在226处接地。这些区域A,B和C中的每一个具有相同的加热元件涂层,诸如以相同的阻抗(例如,所有可利用每平方20欧姆的加热材料的阻抗制定)、透明并电导通的薄膜加热器制定(formulat1n),诸如ΙΤ0,氧化铟锌(Z1),锡锌氧化物(ZTO),或者双壁碳纳米管(DWNT)。在图2中,示出了本发明的均匀加热实施例的简单版本,其中这些区域的功率密度(Pd)将是相同的,因为每个区域是相同大小、厚度和化学配方。根据给出的每平方20欧姆的阻抗(R),我们可通过以下公式来计算每个区域的功率密度: [0050] With particular reference to FIG. 2, there is shown a regular (rectangular) size and the like on three blinders 212, rectangular, electrically isolated from the heating element zone six, and 8 (:( 214, 216 and 218, respectively), 202 208, 210 from the top thereof via the parallel circuit from the supply voltage source with a 8.4 volt direct current (VDC), and via the parallel circuit 220, 222 from the base grounded at 226. these zones a, B C, and each heating element has the same coating layer, such as in the same impedance (for example, all of the available heating material formulated per square impedance of 20 ohms), the transparent and electrically conductive thin film heater developed (formulat1n), such ΙΤ0, indium zinc oxide (Zl), zinc tin oxide (ZTO), or double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNT). in FIG. 2, illustrating the uniform heating of the simple version of the invention embodiment, wherein these regions power density (Pd) will be the same, because each area is the same size, thickness and chemical formulations. the given impedance 20 ohms per square (R), we may calculate the power in each region by the following formula density:

[0051 ] Pd = E2/R.H2,其中Pd是功率密度,E是电压,R是每平方的阻抗,并且H是高度(汇流条之间的距离)。 [0051] Pd ​​= E2 / R.H2, where Pd is the power density, E is voltage, R is the resistance per square, and H is the height (the distance between the bus bar).

[0052] 给该公式加入值产生如下结果:8.42/20.32=.392每平方的瓦特= Pd。 [0052] The value added to the results in the following formula: 8.42 / 20.32 = .392 watts per square = Pd. 再次,针对每个区域,该功率密度将是相同的,并且因为所有其他前述因子将是相等的(例如,加热材料的配方,加热材料的厚度,以及加热材料的高度),眼罩212将跨越整个眼罩被均匀地加热。 Again, for each region, the power density will be the same, and since all the other factors will be equal (e.g., heating the material formulation, the thickness of the material being heated, and the height of the heating of the material), span the entire goggles 212 goggles is uniformly heated. 有意思的是,通过看功率密度的公式,距离L并没有作用,使得即使A、B或C被合并成单个加热元件,功率密度仍将是相同的(假定相等的输入电压,相等的H值、加热材料的制定,以及加热材料的厚度)。 Interestingly, the power density by the equation watching distance L and no effect, so that even if A, B or C are combined into a single heating element, the power density will be the same (assuming equal input voltage values ​​equal to H, developing the heated material, and the thickness of the material being heated). 因此,在该规则形状衬底的简单情形中,虽然单个加热元件可被利用以获得相同的结果,但是图2示出了将加热元件分割成多个区域打开了单独加热每个区域的选项,其通过单独的电池或通过PWM通道控制,根据Cornelius专利申请序列号为13397,691,公开号为US2013/0212765A1。 Thus, in the simple case of regular shape of the substrate, although a single heating element may be utilized to obtain the same result, but FIG. 2 shows a heating element is divided into a plurality of individual heating areas open option for each region, by a battery or by a separate PWM control channel, according to Cornelius Patent application serial No. 13397,691, Publication No. US2013 / 0212765A1. 另外,由于通过矩形或方形衬底上的薄膜加热元件来获得均匀加热不是那么困难,因此,图2示出了应用本发明将多个加热元件应用到单个眼罩衬底的最简单的情形。 Further, since the heating element by a thin film on the substrate to obtain a rectangular or square uniform heating is not so difficult, and therefore, FIG. 2 illustrates an application of the present invention is applied to a plurality of heating elements in the simplest case of a single substrate goggles.

[0053]另外,图2中没有示出汇流条,这阐释了如下事实:根据本发明,取决于眼部穿戴的所希望的配置,汇流条可位于眼罩透镜212自身之上,或被覆盖在护目镜框(未示出)中。 [0053] Further, not shown in FIG. 2 of the bus bar, which illustrates the fact that: According to the present invention, depending on the eye of the wearer of the desired configuration, the bus bar may be positioned above the eye shield lens 212 itself, or covered in goggles frame (not shown).

[0054]现具体参照图3,其介绍了比图2中所示的附加的复杂度,非规则形状的衬底312,其要求三个电隔离区域A、B、C(分别为314,316,318)不具有等同的高度,而是被调整以适应梯形衬底312。 [0054] Referring now specifically to FIG. 3, which introduces additional complexity than that shown in FIG. 2, irregularly shaped substrate 312, which requires three electrical isolation region A, B, C (respectively 314, 316 , 318) does not have an identical height, but is adapted to the trapezoidal shape of the substrate 312. 没有本发明,由于眼罩设备上的非规则形状的眼罩衬底312,这种实施例将开始引入非均匀加热。 Without the present invention, since the substrate 312 goggles irregular shape in the goggles apparatus, such an embodiment would start the introduction of non-uniform heating. 图3的实施例阐释了,加热元件材料A、B、C(314,316,318)的H值越高,功率密度Pd的值越低。 FIG 3 illustrates an embodiment of a heating element material A, B, C (314,316,318) the higher the value of H, the lower the value of the power density Pd. 因此,给定每平方20欧姆的一致阻抗(R),由于用于覆盖梯形衬底312的不同形状A、B、C,功率密度计算产生不同的结果,如下所示: Thus, consistent with a given impedance (R) 20 ohms per square, since the substrate 312 for covering the trapezoidal shape different from A, B, C, the power density calculated to produce different results, as follows:

[0055] A:Pd = E2/R.H2添加值:8.42/20.32=.392瓦特每平方 [0055] A: Pd = E2 / R.H2 Add Value: 8.42 / 20.32 = .392 watts per square

[0056] B:Pd = E2/R.H2添加值:8.42/20.3.62=.272瓦特每平方 [0056] B: Pd = E2 / R.H2 Add Value: 8.42 / .272 = watts per square 20.3.62

[0057] C:Pd = E2/R.H2添加值:8.42/20.4.22=.200瓦特每平方 [0057] C: Pd = E2 / R.H2 Add Value: 8.42 / .200 = watts per square 20.4.22

[0058]因此,可见具有更大高度的形状(S卩,区域C,318),其他因子(输入电压,加热材料厚度和加热材料的阻抗制定)相等,比具有更小高度(H)的其他形状具有更低的功率密度(例如,处于200瓦特每平方)。 [0058] Thus, the shape can be seen with greater height (S Jie, region C, 318), other factors (input voltage, and an impedance development of the material thickness of the heating material to be heated) is equal, than having a smaller height (H) Other shape has a lower power density (e.g., at 200 watts per square). 区域的功率密度越低,给定相同的电压输入,区域将操作更低温。 The lower power density area, given the same input voltage, the operation region of lower temperature. 相反地,具有更小高度的形状(即,区域A,314),其他因子(输入电压,加热材料厚度和加热材料的阻抗制定)相等,比具有更小高度(H)的其他形状具有更高的功率密度。 Conversely, a shape having a smaller height (i.e., the region A, 314), other factors (input voltage, and an impedance development of the material thickness of the heating material to be heated) is equal to, higher than those with a smaller height (H) Other shapes power density. 因此,由于已经有一种使得矮区域变得过度加热的趋势,诸如本实施例中的区域A,因此,将区域分割并根据所希望的廓线来设计功率密度廓线是有优势的,不管是跨越衬底的均匀加热,还是定制加热,因为在根据所希望的参数来设计透镜的过程中,眼罩的设计者和制造商可以改变所选加热材料的配方,所应用的加热材料的厚度,或加热元件的高度,如所示并稍后参照图5至图8所描述的。 Thus, because they have so low there is a tendency to become excessively heated region, such as region A in the present embodiment, therefore, the divided regions according to the desired profile of the power density profile design is advantageous, either uniform heating across the substrate, or custom heating, as desired according to the design parameters of the lens process, designers and manufacturers may vary the selected recipe goggles heating material, the thickness of the applied material to be heated, or the height of the heating element, and as shown in FIG. 5 to FIG. 8 described later with reference to FIG.

[0059]参照图2至图8,应当注意到,本发明包括眼罩的多个不同的实施例,其范围从简单的到更加复杂的。 [0059] Referring to FIG. 2 to FIG 8, it should be noted that the invention comprises a plurality of different embodiments of the goggles, which range from simple to more complex. 作为根据本发明的一个更加简单的眼罩的示例,现参照图3,区域A、B、C(分别为314,316,318)的每个配方被假定为具有相同的阻抗制定材料(800埃厚度处每平方20欧姆),相同的厚度,以及所应用的相同的电压。 Each formulation as simpler example of a visor according to the present invention, Referring now to Figure 3, the region A, B, C (314,316 respectively) is assumed to develop material (having a thickness of 800 angstroms have the same impedance at 20 ohms per square), the same thickness, and the same applied voltage. 但是,由于加热元件区域的不同高度(H),没有应用本发明,将发生对图3的实施例的区域的非均匀加热。 However, due to the different height (H) of the heating element region, the present invention is not applied, non-uniform heating of the FIG. 3 embodiment of the region will occur. 如此处本发明的任意实施例,将理解,可以改变加热元件的制定或厚度,以便改变其阻抗并且因此根据廓线来反复改变(massage)区域的功率密度,不管是均匀加热还是定制加热。 Thus at any embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood to develop or change the thickness of the heating element, so as to change its impedance and thus repeatedly changing the power density (Massage) area according to the profile, uniform heating either heating or custom.

[0060]另外,连同图3—起应当注意,虽然已经示出了电隔离分段或区域A、B、C(314,316,318),但是,这些区域经由并行电路线306、308、310被单个电源302驱动并且经由并行电路线320、322、324在326处接地。 [0060] Further, in conjunction with FIG from 3- should be noted that while has been shown electrically isolated segments or regions A, B, C (314,316,318), however, these regions 306, 308 via the parallel circuit lines driven by a single power supply 302 and wires 320, 322 via the parallel circuit is grounded at 326. 暗示了单个汇流条(或相反地,多个汇流条可被用于向所示出的单个电源供能并从所示出的单个电源汲取能量),因此使得本发明的本实施例适于带有或不带有PWM受控加热的受控加热。 Suggesting a single bus bar (or conversely, a plurality of bus bars may be energized to draw power from a single power source and shown to a single power source shown), thus making the present invention suitable for the present embodiment with with or without a controlled heating of the PWM controlled heating. 应当注意,在所示出的单个电源302的情形中,还可利用连续分段A、B、C,其带有类似的结果。 It should be noted that, in the case shown a single power supply 302 may also be utilized continuous segments A, B, C, which carry a similar result.

[0061]现具体参照图4,其呈现了类似于图3的眼罩和衬底414的实施例。 [0061] Referring now specifically to FIG. 4, which presents an embodiment similar to Figure 3 of the substrate 414 and the goggles. 但是,在图4中所示的实施例中,限定了三通道的PffM电路,这在Cornelius专利申请中示出了,其序列号为13/397,691,公布号为US2013/0212765A1,其包括PffM-1 402、PWM_2 404、PWM_3 406,以用于驱动眼罩通过独立的连接408、410、412以加热区域六、8、(:(分别为416、418、420)。如图3,每个区域A、B、C具有每平方相同的阻抗,例如,20欧姆每平方,但是在本实施例中,可通过限制PWM输出来控制每个区域的功率量,因此给B更少的功率,并且给A甚至更加少的功率,直到这些区域二者具有与C相同的功率密度(Pd)为止,以提供均匀加热的眼罩。应当注意,为了获得对所有眼罩区域A、B、C的最大均衡(均匀)功率,主要可用的选项是(在本实施例中经由PffM)限制区域B和A的功率,因为这些区域将要比C更热(假定C以全功率运行)。 However, in the embodiment shown in Figure 4, it defines a three-channel circuit PffM, Cornelius which patent application is shown, which is Serial No. 13 / 397,691, published as US2013 / 0212765A1, comprising PffM- 1 402, PWM_2 404, PWM_3 406, goggles for driving connection to a separate heating zone six 408,410, 412, 8, (416,418,420 :( respectively). 3, each of area a in FIG. , B, C have the same resistance per square, e.g., 20 ohms per square, but in the present embodiment, the PWM may be controlled by limiting the amount of output power in each region, and therefore less power to B and a to even more little power until both of these regions have the same power density of up to C (Pd), goggles to provide uniform heating. It should be noted that, in order to obtain the maximum equilibrium goggles all regions a, B, C of (uniform) power, the main option is to limit the available area of ​​a and B power (via PffM embodiment in the present embodiment), since these areas will be hotter than C (C is assumed to run at full power).

[0062] 现参照图5,示出了其上具有四个电隔离加热元件区域A、B、C、D(分别为510、512、514、516)的眼罩的非规则形状的衬底506,并且其经由电路线504由单通道PffM(PffM-1)电源502供电至单个上部汇流条508以及至接地线520的下部汇流条518。 The substrate 506 [0062] Referring now to Figure 5, which shows a heating element having electrically isolated from four regions A, B, C, D (510,512,514,516, respectively) of the irregular shape of the goggles, and its power supply to a single bus bar 508 and the upper portion of the ground line to a lower portion of the bus bar 518,520 by single-channel PffM (PffM-1) power supply circuit 502 via line 504. 利用公式R= (E2/Pd)/H2,可计算每个区域的阻抗值(R),并且根据以下假定,E = 8.4伏特直流(VDC),功率密度(Pd) =.2瓦特每平方,以及给定的高度(汇流条之间的距离,例如,Ha = 3.0 ,Hb = 4.0,Hc =4.0and Hd = 2.5): Using the formula R = (E2 / Pd) / H2, calculated impedance value (R) of each region, and according to the assumption, E = 8.4 volts direct current (VDC), the power density (Pd) = .2 watts per square, and a given height (the distance between the bus bars, e.g., Ha = 3.0, Hb = 4.0, Hc = 4.0and Hd = 2.5):

[0063] A: R= (E2/Pd)/H2 添加值:R= (8.42/.2)/32 = 39.2 欧姆每平方 [0063] A: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 add the value: R = (8.42 / .2) / 32 = 39.2 ohms per square

[0064] B:R= (E2/Pd)/H2添加值:R= (8.42/.2)/42 = 22.I欧姆每平 [0064] B: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 add the value: R = (8.42 / .2) / 42 = 22.I ohms per square

[0065] C: R = (E2/Pd)/H2添加值:R = (8.42/.2) /42 = 22.I欧姆每平方 [0065] C: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 add the value: R = (8.42 / .2) / 42 = 22.I ohms per square

[0066] D: R= (E2/Pd)/H2 添加值:R= (8.42/.2)/2.52 = 56.5 欧姆每平方 [0066] D: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 add the value: R = (8.42 / .2) /2.52 = 56.5 ohms per square

[0067]因此,通过基于这些计算来应用加热材料,产生了跨越整个透镜具有均匀加热(gp,等功率密度)的眼罩。 [0067] Thus, based on these calculations by the application of heat to the material, resulting in a uniform heating across the entire lens (GP, power density, etc.) of the goggles. 可通过针对不同的加热元件选择不同的加热材料制定来获得每平方的阻抗结果,或可替换地,可通过根据计算将不同厚度的等阻抗制定的加热材料应用于加热元件区域来获得该每平方的阻抗结果。 Can be obtained by selecting different materials for the development of different heating elements heating results impedance per square, or alternatively, may be obtained by the calculation of the per square heating the material thickness of the development of different impedance is applied to the heating element region the impedance results. 或者,可替换地,可利用改变阻抗的两种方法二者的结合。 Or, alternatively, we may utilize a combination of both the two methods of changing the impedance. 最后,如果希望定制加热,这可通过以下的图6计算并入连同图6—起指定的那样完成。 Finally, if desired heated to customize, which can be calculated from FIG incorporated together complete as specified by the following 6- 6 in FIG.

[0068]仍旧参照图5,现在已经获得了均匀加热均衡的眼罩,如所示,可使用单通道PffM来改变输入电流以获得整个眼罩所希望的功率密度水平。 [0068] Still referring to FIG. 5, it has now obtained a balanced goggles uniform heating, as shown, a single channel may be used to vary the input current PffM entire goggles to obtain the desired level of power density. 例如,如果希望跨越整个透镜50%的功率是均匀的,则通过将单通道PffM 502设置为50%开启50%关闭的设置,可通过本发明的本实施例来完成。 For example, to span the entire power of the lens is 50% uniform, then by 50% open 50% off a single channel is provided PffM 502 is provided, it can be accomplished by embodiments of the present invention. 因此,通过本发明的本实施例,并不需要多通道PWM来均衡眼罩区域,因为这已经直接通过眼罩的构造和其加热元件实现了。 Thus, embodiments of the present invention, does not need to equalize the multi-channel PWM area goggles, goggles since this has a direct heating element, and a configuration achieved by. 并且,如果在另一方面,针对给定眼罩,全功率应用是优选的话,则单通道PWM仅被单个电池和开/闭开关所替代,其用于通过本发明的本实施例来均匀地提供跨越整个透镜的开/闭全功率。 And, on the other hand, if, for a given goggles, full power application is preferred, then the single channel only a single battery and PWM on / off switch is replaced, for the present embodiment of the present invention to provide a uniformly across the lens on / off full power.

[0069]现参照图6a,眼罩衬底602设置有比之前的实施例甚至更多的电隔离加热元件区域AH,以增强眼罩可受控的程度并进一步增强跨越更加不规则形状的眼罩所能获得的均匀加热或定制加热的程度。 [0069] Referring now to Figure 6a, a substrate 602 is provided goggles previous embodiments have even more than the heating element is electrically isolated from the region AH, to enhance the degree of goggles can be enhanced and further controlled across a more irregular shape can goggles uniform heating or heating degree of customization available. 因此,如图6a所示,提供了眼罩,其具有八个加热元件区域A、B、(:、04^、6和!1(分别为604、606、608、610、612、614、616、618),其具有所示的大小值。 Thus, as shown in FIG. 6a, a goggles, a heating element having eight regions A, B, (:, 04 ^, 6 and! 1 (604,606,608,610,612,614,616, respectively, 618), which has a size values ​​shown.

[0070]本发明的本实施例的加热元件区域AG的阻抗已经被标准化,以通过利用应用到如图6b中所示的620、622、624、626、628、630、632、634处的衬底602的不同厚度的加热元件材料(例如,ΙΤ0),或通过利用应用到衬底的加热材料的不同阻抗制成(例如,在800埃厚度ITO处的10欧姆每平方,在800埃厚度ITO处的20欧姆每平方等),提供跨越整个眼罩衬底602的均匀加热。 [0070] The resistance heating element according to the present invention, the region AG embodiment has been standardized, through the liner at 620,622,624,626,628,630,632,634 shown in Figure 6b by the application to 602 different impedances bottom heating element materials of different thickness (e.g., ΙΤ0), or applied to the substrate by using a heating material made (e.g., 10 ohms at 800 angstroms thickness of the ITO in the ITO thickness of 800 angstroms per square, at 20 ohms per square, etc.), to provide uniform heating across the entire substrate 602. goggles. 最后,可利用这些方法的组合。 Finally, a combination of these methods.

[0071]可替换地,本实施例的加热元件区域AH的阻抗可如图6c所示的被定制,以在眼罩的内侧(例如,在区域CF处)提供更大的加热,而在眼罩的外侧(例如,在区域AB和GH处)提供较少的加热,或根据某些其他定制廓线来配置。 AH impedance heating element region [0071] Alternatively, the present embodiment can be customized as shown in FIG. 6C, to the inside of the goggles (e.g., in the region of the CF) to provide greater heating in eyewear the outside (e.g., in the area AB and GH) provides less heating, or some other custom configured according to the profile. 如图6c所示,这是通过改变眼罩每个区域636、638、640、642、644、646、648、650、652的厚度从而变更眼罩该部分的阻抗来完成的。 As shown in FIG 6c, this is by changing the thickness of each region 636,638,640,642,644,646,648,650,652 goggles that alter the impedance of the portion of the goggles to complete. 可替换地,这可通过选择应用到衬底的不同的加热材料的阻抗制成(例如,在800埃厚度ITO的10欧姆每平方,在800埃厚度ITO的20欧姆每平方等)来完成。 Impedance Alternatively, this can be applied to the substrate by selecting different heating material made of (e.g., 800 Å in the thickness of the ITO 10 ohms per square, 800 angstroms in thickness of the ITO 20 ohms per square, etc.) to complete. 最后,还可利用这些方法的组合。 Finally, also a combination of these methods.

[0072]因此,可以理解,不管是希望眼罩的均匀加热的实施例,还是希望眼罩的定制加热的实施例,可通过来改变厚度从而改变眼罩的不同分段的阻抗,通过选择加入材料的不用制成、或通过如在Cornelius专利申请序列号13/397,691、公开号为US2013/0212765A1中所公开的利用PWM加热通道技术来获得所希望的结果。 [0072] Therefore, it is understood that, whether it is desirable embodiment goggles uniform heating, or heated to customize desirable embodiment of the goggles, the thickness may be varied to vary the impedance of goggles by different segments, by selecting the material without addition of made, or by the Cornelius as Patent application serial No. 13 / 397,691, Publication No. heating channel using PWM technology to achieve the desired results US2013 / 0212765A1 disclosed.

[0073]因此,包括区域AH的图6a中所示出的实施例可被标准化、或均衡,用于均衡上述功率密度的R值利用加热材料的制成选择和厚度应用之一或二者。 [0073] Thus, as shown in the region including AH Figure 6a an embodiment may be standardized, or equalization, and selection is made for one or both of the thickness of the applied power density above equilibrium values ​​R by heating the material. 因此,通过图6a中所示的实施例的一个优势是,例如可用多通道PWM加热源来变更区域的功率密度,PWM系统无需补偿所不希望的热点,因为透镜已经被标准化了。 Accordingly, an advantage Figure 6a embodiment is shown, for example, available multichannel heat source changes the PWM power density region, compensated PWM system without undesirable hot spot, because the lens has been standardized. 反过来,这允许PWM对整个透镜的更大范围的控制,因为在补偿对眼罩的过度加热区域的过程中,部分可用的调整程度将不会被丢失。 In turn, this allows a wider range of PWM control of the entire lens, because in the superheated region in compensation for goggles, partly available adjustment will not be lost.

[0074]通过参照图6a,可希望增加区域的数量从而提供对眼罩加热区域的控制的更佳的间隔尺寸、或者程度,该眼罩如所示具有按以下计算的变化(并且能够按照上述获得)的阻抗值: [0074] 6a, it may be desirable to increase the number of regions so as to provide a better reference to FIG goggles granularity control of the heating zone, or the degree of change in the goggles having calculated as shown in the following (and as described above can be obtained) the impedance values:

[0075 ] A: R = (E2/Pd) /H2添加值:R = (8.42/.2) /32 = 39.2 [0075] A: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 add the value: R = (8.42 / .2) / 32 = 39.2

[0076] B: R= (E2/Pd)/H2 添加值:R= (8.42/.2)/3.72 = 25.8 [0076] B: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 add the value: R = (8.42 / .2) /3.72 = 25.8

[0077] C: R= (E2/Pd)/H2 添加值:R= (8.42/.2)/3.82 = 24.4 [0077] C: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 add the value: R = (8.42 / .2) /3.82 = 24.4

[0078] D: R= (E2/Pd)/H2 添加值:R= (8.42/.2)/4.22 = 20.0 [0078] D: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 add the value: R = (8.42 / .2) /4.22 = 20.0

[0079]已:尺=化2/卩(1)/!12添加值:1?=(8.42/.2)/4.22 = 20.0 [0079] is: ft = 2 of / Jie (1) / 12 add the value:! 1 = (8.42 / .2) /4.22 = 20.0?

[0080] F: R= (E2/Pd)/H2 添加值:R= (8.42/.2)/3.82 = 24.4 [0080] F: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 add the value: R = (8.42 / .2) /3.82 = 24.4

[0081] 6:尺=化2/卩(1)/!12添加值:1?=(8.42/.2)/2.72 = 48.4[0082 ] H: R = (E2/Pd) /H2 添加值:R = (8.42/.2) /2.22 = 7 2.9 [0081] 6: Size of = 2 / Jie (1) / 12 add the value:!? 1 = (8.42 / .2) /2.72 = 48.4 [0082] H: R = (E2 / Pd) / H2 was added Found: R = (8.42 / .2) /2.22 = 7 2.9

[0083]前述每平方的阻抗值是针对跨越整个衬底602的均与加热所计算的,并且可通过变更PffM的有效电压,或通过如上所述变更所应用的加热材料的制成或应用厚度来获得。 [0083] The resistance value of each of the foregoing is directed to square across the substrate 602 are heated and the calculated, and the effective voltage may be changed by PffM or application is made, or by changing the material thickness of the heating applied as described above obtained. 另夕卜,应该理解,区域的特异性越大,例如图8中所示和描述的,则可获得对透镜的更大的控制,并且可获得跨越整个透镜的更大程度的均匀性。 Another Bu Xi, it should be understood that the larger the specific region, such as shown and described in FIG. 8, for greater control of the lens and a greater degree of uniformity is obtained across the entire lens.

[0084]现参照图7a至图7c,其提供了眼罩衬底702的一部分,其具有多个连续的加热区域八_!1(分别为704、706、708、710、712、714、716、718)。 [0084] Referring now to FIGS. 7a to 7C, a portion of which is provided goggles substrate 702 having a plurality of successive heating zone eight _! 1 (704,706,708,710,712,714,716, respectively, 718). 如果希望给定眼罩具有更大程度的均匀加热特异性,例如针对极其不规则形状的眼罩,但是却希望假话的电子系统,甚至如同单个电池般简单,则本发明包括如图7a所示的实施例,其中单个上部汇流条754和单个下部汇流条756可被用于与多个连续的加热元件区域相连接。 If desired goggles given a greater degree of specificity uniform heating, for example, goggles very irregularly shaped, but lie desired electronic system, even as simple as a single cell, the present invention comprises as shown in FIG. 7a embodiment, wherein a single upper and a single bus bar 754 may be a lower bus bar 756 for connection to a plurality of successive heating element region.

[0085]在图7b中,示出了均衡的加热眼罩或屏幕,类似于图6b,均匀加热可通过变更所应用的加热材料的厚度以及针对不同区域选择不同的加热材料制成中的一个或二者来获得。 [0085] In Figure 7b, is shown equilibrium heating goggles or screen, similar to Figure 6b, a uniform heating of the heated material can be made by changing the thickness of the applied and selecting for different regions of different materials or heating both obtained. 但是,变更本发明的加热材料的厚度是优选的,因为通过这种方式,可获得跨越透镜的更加平滑的阻抗变化过渡而无需条带(banding)。 However, the thickness variations of the present invention, material to be heated is preferred, because in this way, can be obtained across the resistance change smoother transitions without lens strips (banding). 因此,图7b示出了均匀加热眼罩,其包括区域720、722、724、726、728、730、732、734,其中内部区域724、726、728、730 比外部区域720、722、732、734更厚,以提供跨越整个衬底的标准化加热,这类似于连同图6b—起之前所描述的。 Thus, FIG. 7b shows a uniform heating goggles, comprising 720,722,724,726,728,730,732,734 region, wherein the inner region than the outer region 720,722,732,734 724,726,728,730 thicker, standardized to provide heating across the entire substrate, as previously described in conjunction with FIG 6b- since it is similar. 但是,如图7b所示,加热材料的连续分段或区域之间的过渡更加平滑,更少阶梯步进(stair-stepped),这允许区域之间更小的对比,并且因此允许区域之间更加平滑的功率密度过渡。 However, 7b, the transition between the continuous material heating region or segment smoother, less ladder step (stair-stepped), which allows for a smaller area between the contrast between the regions and thus allows smoother transition of power density. 换言之,图7b中所示的眼罩的连续实施例的功率密度是连续可变的。 In other words, the power density of the continuous embodiment of the goggles shown in FIG. 7b is continuously variable.

[0086]在图7c中,示出了定制加热的眼罩,其具有多个连续的加热元件736、738、740、742、744、746、748、750、752,其中类似于图6(:,定制加热廓线在中间区域740、742、744、746中提供更暖和的分段,而在外部区域736、738、750、752中提供更冷的区域。如连同图7b—起描述的,本实施例的功率密度过渡更少阶梯步进,并且跨越眼罩更加连续可变,因此在这些连续区域之间提供了更加平滑的密度过度。还如同图6a至图6v以及图7a至图7b,图7c中所示的本发明的实施例可通过单个电源来实现,诸如单个电池,或单通道PWM,其驱动单个汇流条754、756。 [0086] In Figure 7c, there is shown a custom heated goggles, having a plurality of successive heating elements 736,738,740,742,744,746,748,750,752, wherein similar to FIG. 6 (:, custom heating profile provided in the intermediate region segments 740,742,744,746 warmer, cooler is provided in the region of the outer areas 736,738,750,752. as described in conjunction with FIG 7b- from the present Example transition power density less ladder step and continuously variable across more goggles, thus providing a more smooth transition between the density of the continuous area. as further 6v Figures 6a and 7a-7b, the FIG. 7c embodiment of the invention shown can be implemented by a single power source, such as a single cell, or the PWM single channel, which drives a single bus bar 754, 756.

[0087]示出了图6b、图6c、图7b和图7c中所示的本发明的实施例的示图仅是出于阐释目的。 [0087] a diagram showing 6b, Fig 6c, 7b, and 7c show an embodiment of the present invention, shown merely for illustrative purposes. 并且虽然已经尝试按比例显示应用加热材料的厚度中的相对不同,但是应该理解,由于这些厚度是以几百埃的厚度为量级的,因此附图代表对材料相对厚度的粗略估计,而非实际的按比例呈现。 Although attempts have been made and shown to scale relative to different thicknesses of material the application of heat, it will be appreciated that, since these thicknesses are of the order of several hundred angstroms thickness, and therefore a rough estimate of the drawings represent the relative thickness of the material, rather than the actual proportion rendering.

[0088]现参照图8,示出了眼罩衬底800,其比先前所描述的实施例被分割成更多的加热区域,即二十四个区域802,AX。 [0088] Referring now to Figure 8, there is shown a substrate 800 goggles, more than the previous heating area which is divided into the described embodiments, i.e. twenty-four region 802, AX. 优选地,这些加热区域802,AX中的每一个已经按上述被标准化,使得它们具有均匀加热或所希望的定制廓线。 Preferably, heating zone 802, AX each of the above has been standardized by, that they have a uniform heating or a custom profile desired. 本发明的本实施例清晰地示出了,在鼻梁上该区域不太高(即,基于小于H的值),并且因此在传统上如果没有本发明它们将易于收到过渡加热的影响。 Example embodiments of the present invention clearly shows, in the region of the nose is not too high (i.e., less than the value of H based), and thus the present invention is not conventionally if they receive the impact transition will be readily heated. 另外,提供了多个通道ax,使得可使用多个PffM通道,如CorneI ius专利申请序列号13/397,691,公布号1^2013/0212765六1中所描述的,以进一步以保持电池寿命的方式指定并驱动眼罩加热系统。 Further, a plurality of channels ax, such that a plurality of channels PffM as CorneI ius Patent Application Serial No. 13 / 397,691, Publication No. 1 ^ 2013/0212765 describes a six to further to preserve battery life specify the drive and heating system goggles. 进一步,图8示出了使用多个汇流条,每个通道使用一个汇流条,以使能对每个加热区域802,AX的独立控制和供能,并且具有单个接地汇流条806。 Further, FIG. 8 illustrates the use of a plurality of bus bars, each channel using one bus bar to enable each heating zone 802 pairs, and independent control of the energy supply AX, and has a single ground bus bar 806.

[0089 ]由于图8的本发明的实施例设置有更大的所指定的控制间隔尺寸(granu I ar i ty),因此,通过相同的眼罩可实现所有不同的详细的廓线,该眼罩由护目镜中所包括的计算机微处理器驱动。 [0089] Since the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 8 is provided with a control interval size (granu I ar i ty) larger designated, therefore, can achieve all the different details of the goggles with the same profile, that the goggles the computer includes a microprocessor driving the goggles. 这些廓线的某些示例包括滑雪者晴天廓线、滑板者结冰条件廓线,攀岩者下雨条件廓线,救援巡逻队廓线,驾雪车者廓线和潜水面具廓线等。 Some examples of these profiles include profiles sunny skiers, snowboarders icing conditions profiles, profile climbers rain conditions, the rescue patrol profiles, driving the snowmobile's profile and diving masks and other profiles.

[0090]虽然已经示出并描述了本发明的优选实施例,但是,对于本领域技术人员显然的是,可做出许多变更和修改,而不偏离更广阔方面中的本发明。 [0090] While there has been shown and described preferred embodiments of the present invention, however, obvious to a person skilled in the art that many variations and modifications may be made without departing from the broader aspects of the present invention is. 例如,将理解,本领域技术人员可混合并匹配本发明的各种实施例的各种组件,而不偏离所要求保护的本发明的真正精神。 For example, it will be appreciated that those skilled in the art can mix and match various embodiments of the present invention, various components of the embodiments without departing from the true spirit of the invention as claimed. 因此,所附权利要求意欲覆盖所有这种变更和修改,其落入本发明的真正精神和范围。 Accordingly, the appended claims are intended to cover all such changes and modifications required, which fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (23)

1.适合与供电电路一起使用的眼罩,所述供电电路具有给定电压,以用于防止所述眼罩的雾化并用于防止所述眼罩上的热点,包括: 光透明衬底,适合用于保护用户眼睛中的至少一个,并且适合用于限定所述用户眼睛中的至少一个与所述衬底之间的至少一个的部分封闭的空间;以及所述衬底上的光透明电阻抗薄膜导电加热材料的多个电子导电区域。 1. goggles suitable for use with a power supply circuit, the power supply circuit has a given voltage, for preventing fogging of the visor and to prevent hot spots on the goggles, comprising: a light transparent substrate, suitable for use protect the user at least one eye, and suitable for defining at least a portion of the closed space between the user's eyes and at least one of the substrate; and the optically transparent electrically conductive film on a substrate impedance a plurality of electronically conductive material heating areas.
2.根据权利要求1所述的眼罩,其中导电区域的数量和每个导电区域的大小是根据预定的功率密度来确定的。 2. The goggles according to claim 1, wherein the number and size of each electrically conductive region of the conductive regions are determined according to a predetermined power density.
3.根据权利要求2所述的眼罩,其中每个区域的所述功率密度与每个其他区域的所述功率密度相同。 3. The goggles according to claim 2, wherein the power density of each region the same as the power density of each of the other regions.
4.根据权利要求2所述的眼罩,其中至少一个区域的所述功率密度不同于另一区域的所述功率密度。 4. The goggles according to claim 2, wherein the power density of the at least one region different from another region of the power density.
5.根据权利要求1所述的眼罩,还包括至少两个汇流条,所述至少两个汇流条连接至所述导电区域并适合用于将所述导电区域与所述供电电路互连。 The goggles according to claim 1, further comprising at least two bus bars, at least two bus bars and connected to the conductive area for the conductive region adapted to interconnect the power supply circuit.
6.根据权利要求1所述的眼罩,其中每个导电区域被所述衬底上的非导电区域隔离。 6. The goggles according to claim 1, wherein each of the conductive regions is non-conductive areas on the substrate isolation.
7.根据权利要求6所述的眼罩,还包括多个导电汇流条,所述多个导电汇流条连接至所述导电区域中的每一个,并且适合用于将每个所述导电区域与所述供电电路互连。 7. The goggles according to claim 6, further comprising a plurality of electrically conducting bus bar, a plurality of electrically conductive bus bars coupled to each of the conductive regions, and adapted to each of said electrically conductive region and the said power supply circuit interconnects.
8.根据权利要求1所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料具有的指定的每平方阻抗,所述指定的每平方阻抗不同于所述多个导电区域中的另一个的所述加热材料的所指定的每平方阻抗。 8. The goggles according to claim 1, wherein at least one of said heating material having a specified per square impedance of the plurality of conductive regions, the specified impedance per square different from the plurality of conductive regions per square designated impedance of the heating of the material in the other.
9.根据权利要求6所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料具有的指定的每平方阻抗,所述指定的每平方阻抗不同于所述多个导电区域中的另一个的所述加热材料的所指定的每平方阻抗。 9. The goggles according to claim 6, wherein at least one of said heating material having a specified per square impedance of the plurality of conductive regions, the specified impedance per square different from the plurality of conductive regions per square designated impedance of the heating of the material in the other.
10.根据权利要求8所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料的配方是根据所述加热材料的每平方的给定阻抗所选择的。 10. The goggles according to claim 8, wherein said formulation at least a plurality of the heating conductive region material is selected according to a given impedance per square of the material to be heated.
11.根据权利要求9所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料的配方是根据所述加热材料的每平方的给定阻抗所选择的。 11. The eye shield of claim 9, wherein said formulation at least a plurality of the heating conductive region material is selected according to a given impedance per square of the material to be heated.
12.根据权利要求8所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料的每平方阻抗是至少部分通过改变应用到所述衬底的所述加热材料的厚度来确定的。 12. The goggles according to claim 8, wherein the plurality of conductive regions of said at least one per square resistance heating material is at least partially applied by changing the thickness of the substrate material to be heated to definite.
13.根据权利要求8所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料的每平方阻抗是至少部分通过改变应用到所述衬底的所述加热材料的厚度来确定的。 13. The goggles according to claim 8, wherein the plurality of conductive regions of said at least one per square resistance heating material is at least partially applied by changing the thickness of the substrate material to be heated to definite.
14.根据权利要求1所述的眼罩,其中每一所述导电区域的功率密度相对于每一其它所述导电区域被均衡,以跨越所述衬底均匀加热。 14. The goggles according to claim 1, wherein each of the power density of the conductive region with respect to each of the other of said conductive regions is equalized to uniform heating across the substrate.
15.根据权利要求1所述的眼罩,其中所述衬底是非规则形状。 15. The goggles according to claim 1, wherein said substrate is a non-regular shape.
16.根据权利要求8所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的区域具有功率密度,所述功率密度不同于所述多个导电区域中的另一个的功率密度。 16. The goggles according to claim 8, wherein the at least one region of the plurality of conductive regions having a power density, the power density is different from the other of the plurality of conductive regions in power density.
17.根据权利要求9所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的区域具有功率密度,所述功率密度不同于所述多个导电区域中的另一个的功率密度。 17. The goggles according to claim 9, wherein the at least one region of the plurality of conductive regions having a power density, the power density is different from the other of the plurality of conductive regions in power density.
18.适合与供电电路一起使用的眼罩,所述供电电路具有给定电压,以用于防止所述眼罩的雾化并用于防止所述眼罩上的热点,包括: 光透明衬底,适合用于保护用户眼睛,并且适合用于限定所述用户眼睛与所述衬底之间的至少一个的部分封闭的空间;以及所述衬底上的光透明电阻抗薄膜导电加热材料的多个电隔离导电区域,其中每个区域的所述功率密度与其它每个区域的所述功率密度相同,并且其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料具有指定的每平方阻抗,所述指定的每平方阻抗不同于所述多个导电区域中的另一个所述加热材料的指定的每平方阻抗。 18. goggles suitable for use with a power supply circuit, the power supply circuit has a given voltage, for preventing fogging of the visor and to prevent hot spots on the goggles, comprising: a light transparent substrate, suitable for use protect the user's eyes, and for at least a portion of the closed space between the user's eyes and the substrate for defining; a plurality of electrical impedance, and a light transparent electrically conductive film on the substrate in the isolated conductive heating material region, wherein the density of each zone is the same as the power of the other power density in each region, and wherein said plurality of conductive regions of the at least one heating material having a specified impedance per square, the designated per square impedance different from the impedance of the other specified per square heating of the material in the plurality of conductive regions.
19.适合与供电电路一起使用的眼罩,所述供电电路具有给定电压,以用于防止所述眼罩的雾化并用于防止所述眼罩上的热点,包括: 光透明衬底,适合用于保护用户眼睛,并且适合用于限定所述用户眼睛与所述衬底之间的至少一个部分封闭的空间;以及所述衬底上的光透明电阻抗薄膜导电加热材料的多个连续导电区域,其中每个区域的所述功率密度与每个其他区域的所述功率密度相同,并且其中所述多个导电区域中的至少一个的所述加热材料具有指定的每平方阻抗,所述指定的每平方阻抗不同于所述多个导电区域中的另一个的所述加热材料的指定的每平方阻抗。 19. goggles suitable for use with a power supply circuit, the power supply circuit has a given voltage, for preventing fogging of the visor and to prevent hot spots on the goggles, comprising: a light transparent substrate, suitable for use protect the user's eyes, and suitable for defining at least a portion of said enclosed space between the user's eyes and the substrate; and a plurality of discrete conductive regions optically transparent electrically conductive film is heated impedance on the substrate material, wherein the power density of each region the same as the power density of each of the other regions, and wherein said plurality of conductive regions of the at least one heating material having a specified impedance per square, each of the designated Unlike squared per square impedance of the impedance of the other of said specified plurality of conductive regions heated material.
20.根据权利要求18所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的所述至少一个的所述加热材料的每平方阻抗是至少部分通过改变应用到所述衬底的所述加热材料的厚度来确定的。 20. The eye shield according to claim 18, said at least one impedance per square wherein the plurality of the conductive regions of the heating material is at least in part by changing the heating applied to the substrate material the thickness determined.
21.根据权利要求19所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的所述至少一个的所述加热材料的每平方阻抗是至少部分通过改变应用到所述衬底的所述加热材料的厚度来确定的。 21. The goggles according to claim 19, said at least one impedance per square wherein the plurality of the conductive regions of the heating material is at least in part by changing the heating applied to the substrate material the thickness determined.
22.根据权利要求18所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的所述至少一个的所述加热材料的配方是根据所述加热材料的每平方的给定阻抗所选择的。 22. The eye shield according to claim 18, said at least one formulation of said plurality of conductive regions wherein the material is heated according to a given impedance per square heating the material chosen.
23.根据权利要求19所述的眼罩,其中所述多个导电区域中的所述至少一个的所述加热材料的配方是根据所述加热材料的每平方的给定阻抗所选择的。 23. The goggles according to claim 19, said at least one formulation of said plurality of conductive regions wherein the material is heated according to a given impedance per square heating the material chosen.
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