CN105825575A - Quick coin sorting and counting device - Google Patents

Quick coin sorting and counting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105825575A
CN105825575A CN201610159516.XA CN201610159516A CN105825575A CN 105825575 A CN105825575 A CN 105825575A CN 201610159516 A CN201610159516 A CN 201610159516A CN 105825575 A CN105825575 A CN 105825575A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sorting
coin
track
frame
counting assembly
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Granted
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CN201610159516.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105825575B (en
Inventor
秦衡峰
尹业熙
袁俊鹏
刘浩东
王英俊
雷高攀
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Xiangtan University
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Xiangtan University
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Priority to CN201610159516.XA priority Critical patent/CN105825575B/en
Publication of CN105825575A publication Critical patent/CN105825575A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D3/00Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations
    • G07D3/16Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations in combination with coin-counting
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D3/00Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations
    • G07D3/02Sorting coins by means of graded apertures
    • G07D3/04Sorting coins by means of graded apertures arranged on an inclined rail

Abstract

The invention discloses a quick coin sorting and counting device, which comprises a rack. A material arranging device, a sorting device, a driving device and a counting device are arranged on the rack. A large number of mixed coins are put in a material arranging box in the case of coin sorting, a leading-in blade and a guiding block are used for quickly and orderly pushing the coins one by one to sorting rails, and when the sorting rails sort the coins, physical features of the coins themselves are made full use of; and in addition, the device adopts four identical sorting rails for simultaneously sorting the coins. Classification and counting of the coins of the Fifth sets of RMB mainly circulating in the current market are automatically completed, a coin clamping phenomenon does not happen in the case of classification, a large number of coins can be sorted in a unit time, the structure is simple and compact, the manufacturing cost is low, the sorting efficiency is high, and the error rate is extremely small.

Description

The quick sorting of coin and counting assembly
Technical field
The present invention relates to the 5th set Renminbi coin's sorting and counting equipment field, be specifically related to the quick sorting of coin and counting assembly.
Background technology
At present, coin still important component part as currency is circulating in a large number on the market so that the working strength processing the bank of coin, public transport company, supermarket, automatic selling business etc. is the biggest;Meanwhile, according to news report, there are citizen to hold several tons of coin banks to be stored in, go whistle because bank can consume substantial amounts of manpower and time when carrying out coin and checking;Therefore, if can solve the sorting problem of coin, on the one hand the use of coin, circulation and position will effectively improve, and on the other hand alleviate the labor intensity checking workman greatly.To this end, many Crinis Carbonisatus understand that the coin mixed is carried out sorting and statistics with various face amounts by various automatic coin sorting device.
Existing Coin sorting device is mainly by mechanisms such as vibration, cracks, by coin successively crack formula sorting, but, when the number of coins that vibration screening mechanism processes is the biggest, required time of vibration is the longest, and work efficiency is the lowest, simultaneously, there will be two or more coin stacking phenomenon together when vibration, thus cause sorting error higher.
Summary of the invention
The problem that the present invention is directed to above-mentioned existence, devises the quick sorting of coin and counting assembly.
The quick sorting of coin of the present invention and counting assembly, including frame, frame is provided with material sorting device, sorting device, driving means and counting assembly;Material sorting device is above, and sorting device and driving means are all located at the inside of frame, and driving means is connected with material sorting device, and a counting assembly part is arranged at frame side, and another part is arranged at above the coin exit passage of sorting device;The coin fast finishing mixed is become on the orderly track serially entering sorting device by material sorting device, by the fork guide pad in sorting device, one jiao of separating opening and five jiaos of separating openings Jiang Yijiao respectively, five jiaos, unitary Coin sorting out, and counted by counting assembly.
Preferably, described material sorting device, including material all in one piece case, it is arranged on the guide pad of material all in one piece case corner and is installed on the importing sword at material all in one piece case center, the square shape of material all in one piece case and being fixedly mounted in frame, material all in one piece case corner is equipped with rectangle and enters coin mouth, its a length of 25mm < L < 30mm, a width of 1.85mm < H < 2.5mm, the work surface entering coin mouth is arc transition.
Preferably, importing sword (204) its shape is blade-like, i.e. its lower surface be plane, upper surface be smooth surface, import the circle formed when sword rotates and be inscribed within square material all in one piece case.
Preferably, guide pad upper surface is inclined-plane, medial surface is the face of cylinder, its radius is equal with the radius of turn importing sword, and lower surface is provided with two rectangular opening not of uniform size, its long respectively 25mm < L1 < 30mm, 40mm < L2 < 50mm, width is 25mm < H < 30mm, high respectively 25mm < T1 < 30mm, 1.85mm < T2 < 2.5mm.
Preferably, described sorting device includes track upper cover, track lower cover and collecting bag, being provided with sorting track in the middle of lid and track lower cover in orbit, sorting track is provided with fork guide pad, one jiao of separating opening and five jiaos of separating openings, and described track is covered with open-work lid and sensor installation port.
Preferably, described sorting track is made up of straight line and circular arc, is provided with fork guide pad at each one jiao of separating opening, five jiaos of separating openings;A height of 19.5mm-20mm of the fork guide pad lower surface distance track lower cover at one jiao of separating opening, a height of 21mm-23mm of the fork guide pad lower surface distance track lower cover at five jiaos of separating openings.
Preferably, described machine frame inside is provided with four equally distributed sorting devices, frame upper horizontal plane and sorting device have the 20-45 degree angle of depression, the track lower cover of each sorting device is 8-15 degree with the horizontal normal of frame side, side, and the side of sorting device is low near frame lateral ends, away from frame lateral ends height.
Preferably, described driving means includes that motor installs set, motor, shaft coupling, rotary shaft and deep groove ball bearing, motor is installed set by motor and is arranged on framework soleplate, rotary shaft one end connects motor shaft by shaft coupling, the other end is connected with importing sword and drives importing sword to rotate, and rotary shaft carries out located lateral by being installed on the deep groove ball bearing of frame and material sorting device.
Preferably, described counting assembly includes three enumerators and organizes correlation photoelectric sensor more, and enumerator is arranged at frame side, and correlation is arranged on sensor installation port when electric transducer.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: can directly the coin mixed in a large number be put in material all in one piece case when carrying out Coin sorting, utilize import sword and guide pad make coin quickly and orderly, one by one push sorting track, sorting track is when carrying out sorting to coin, the physical characteristic of fully utilized coin itself, additionally, this device uses four identical sorting tracks coin to be carried out sorting simultaneously;The present invention can be automatically performed classification and the counting of the 5th set Renminbi coin that existing market mainly circulates, do not have card coin phenomenon when classification, sorting can go out mass of coins in the unit interval, simple in construction, compact, cheap for manufacturing cost, sorting efficiency is high and error rate is minimum;Sorting track in sorting device is formed by circular arc and straight line are tangent, and the physical characteristic of coin only need to be utilized when carrying out sorting, without adding high-end, accurate actuating mechanism, further increasing the functional reliability of equipment and reduce the probability that equipment fault occurs.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the quick sorting of coin and counting assembly overall structure figure.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the quick sorting of coin and counting assembly overall structure sectional view.
Accompanying drawing 3 is for importing sword structure chart.
Accompanying drawing 4 is guide pad three-view diagram.
Accompanying drawing 5 is sorting device structure chart.
Accompanying drawing 6 is sorting track structure explosive view.
Detailed description of the invention
The quick sorting of coin of the present invention and counting assembly, as shown in Figures 1 to 6, including including frame 1, frame 1 is provided with material sorting device 2, sorting device 3, driving means 4 and counting assembly 5.
Material sorting device 2 is above, and sorting device 3 and driving means 4 are all located at the inside of frame 1, and driving means 4 is connected with material sorting device 2, and counting assembly 5 part is arranged at frame 1 side, and another part is arranged at above the coin exit passage of sorting device 3;The coin mixed is pushed on the track of sorting device 3 by material sorting device 2 the most one by one, by 306, one jiao of separating opening 309 of the fork guide pad in sorting device 3 and five jiaos of separating openings 310 Jiang Yijiao respectively, five jiaos, unitary Coin sorting out, and counted by counting assembly 5.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 2, material sorting device 2, including material all in one piece case 201, it is arranged on the guide pad 203 of 201 4 jiaos of material all in one piece case and is installed on the importing sword 204 at material all in one piece case 201 center, the square shape of material all in one piece case 201 and being fixedly mounted in frame 1,201 4 jiaos of material all in one piece case is equipped with rectangle and enters coin mouth 202, its a length of 25mm < L < 30mm, a width of 1.85mm < H < 2.5mm, the work surface entering coin mouth 202 is arc transition.
As shown in Figure 2, driving means 4 includes that motor installs set 401, motor 402, shaft coupling 403, rotary shaft 404 and deep groove ball bearing 405, motor 402 is installed set 401 by motor and is arranged on frame 1 base plate, rotary shaft 404 one end connects motor shaft by shaft coupling 403, the other end is connected with importing sword 402 and drives importing sword 402 to rotate, and rotary shaft 404 carries out located lateral by being installed on the deep groove ball bearing 405 of frame 1 and material sorting device 2.
As it is shown on figure 3, importing its shape of sword 204 is blade-like, i.e. its lower surface be plane, upper surface be smooth surface, import the circle formed when sword 204 rotates and be inscribed within square material all in one piece case 201.
As shown in Figure 4, guide pad 203 upper surface is inclined-plane, medial surface is the face of cylinder, its radius is equal with the radius of turn importing sword 204, and lower surface is provided with two rectangular opening not of uniform size, its long respectively 25mm < L1 < 30mm, 40mm < L2 < 50mm, width is 25mm < H < 30mm, high respectively 25mm < T1 < 30mm, 1.85mm < T2 < 2.5mm.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, sorting device 3 includes track upper cover 302, track lower cover 305 and collecting bag 308, it is provided with sorting track 301 in orbit in the middle of lid 302 and track lower cover 305, sorting track 301 is provided with 306, one jiao of separating opening 309 of fork guide pad and five jiaos of separating openings 310, and described track upper cover 302 is provided with open-work lid 303 and sensor installation port 304.
As shown in Figure 6, sorting track 301 is made up of straight line and circular arc, separates at each one jiao and is provided with fork guide pad 306 at 309, five jiaos of separating openings 310;A height of 19.5mm-20mm of the fork guide pad 306 lower surface distance track lower cover 305 at one jiao of separating opening 309, a height of 21mm-23mm of the fork guide pad 306 lower surface distance track lower cover 305 at five jiaos of separating openings 310.
Frame 1 is internally installed four equally distributed sorting devices 3, frame 1 upper horizontal plane and sorting device 3 have the 20-45 degree angle of depression, the track lower cover 305 of each sorting device 3 is 8-15 degree with the horizontal normal of side frame 1 side, and the side of sorting device 3 is low near frame 1 lateral ends, away from frame 1 lateral ends height.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, counting assembly 5 includes three enumerators 502 and many group correlation photoelectric sensor 501, and enumerator 502 is arranged at frame 1 side, and correlation is arranged on sensor installation port 304 when electric transducer 501.
The quick sorting of coin and counting assembly, mainly the 5th currently used set Renminbi coin is carried out sorting and counting, 5th set Renminbi coin's face amount can be divided into unitary, five jiaos, one jiao three kinds, sorting track 301 is provided with two fork guide pads 306 and combines one jiao of separating opening 309(one jiao is separated) and five jiaos of separating opening 310(five jiaos and unitary are separated).
Again because of the diameter of these three coin: unitary is 25mm, five jiaos is 20.5mm, and one jiao is 19mm, thickness: unitary is 1.85mm, and five jiaos is 1.65mm, and one jiao is 1.45mm;So the fork guide pad 306 of one jiao of separating opening 309 is apart from a height of 19.5mm-20mm of track lower cover 305, the fork guide pad 306 of five jiaos of separating openings 310 is apart from a height of 21mm-23mm of track lower cover 305;Material all in one piece case 201 bottom corner enters the length and width of coin mouth 202 and the width of guide pad 203 lower surface rectangular opening, high all slightly larger than diameter and the thickness of unitary coin.
First the mix in a large number the 5th set Renminbi coin is put in the material all in one piece case 201 of material sorting device 2, the motor 402 of driving means 4 is started working, axle 404 is rotated by shaft coupling 403 and importing sword 204 rotates, import sword 204 and the coin mixed rapidly and orderly, is one by one pushed to the rectangular opening of guide pad 203 lower surface, enter back into material all in one piece case 201 bottom corner enters coin mouth 202, is finally pushed to by coin on the sorting track 301 of sorting device 2.
Each coin is entered into sorting track 301 by material all in one piece case 201, more substantially coincident to the sorting process of coin.
Owing to when installing, frame 1 upper horizontal plane and sorting device 3 have the 20-45 degree angle of depression, so, the coin automatic the most down fast scroll because of its gravity in orbit;Again because of, track lower cover 305 and the side frame 1 side horizontal normal of each sorting device 3 are 8-15 degree, and the side of sorting device 3 is low near frame 1 lateral ends, high away from frame 1 lateral ends, so, coin from toward fast scroll time can be close to the one side of sorting track 301.
Enumerator 502 in counting assembly 5 has two kinds of duties: state of activation, unactivated state;During unactivated state, the light that correlation photoelectric sensor 501 sends can all be received by the receiver, and enumerator 502 is not activated;State of activation, the light short time that emission sensor 501 sends is not received by the receiver, thus activates enumerator 502, promotes its action, i.e. numerically adds up 1 in former display.
Below, as a example by unitary coin, after unitary coin is transported to sorting track 301, first pass around the fork guide pad 306 of one jiao of separating opening 309, due to fork guide pad 306 apart from the higher primary school of track lower cover 305 in the diameter of unitary coin, thus dime can only be made to pass through by diversion mono-jiao of separating opening 309 of one jiao of separating opening 309(, and make it into dime collection slide) continue lower rolling, at five jiaos of separating openings 310, due to its fork guide pad 306 apart from the higher primary school of track lower cover 305 in the diameter of unitary coin, because of and half a buck can only be made to pass through by diversion five jiaos of separating openings 310 of five jiaos of separating opening 310(, and make it into half a buck collection slide);Hereafter, coin flows into the collection slide 307 of unitary coin;When coin is before sensor installation port 304, and enumerator 502 is in unactivated state, and display digit is constant;When coin is through out-of-date, and coin covers the light that correlation photoelectric sensor sends, make receptor fail to receive photoelectricity, thus activate enumerator 502 so that it is numerically add up 1 in original display;When coin is through later, enumerator 502 is become unactivated state, the numeral after changing during enumerator 502 display activation from state of activation;Finally, coin flows into collecting bag 308, thus circulates, until treating that sorting coin is all complete by sorting, enumerator obtains sum, and then obtains total amount.
Summary, the present invention can accomplish the end in view.

Claims (7)

1. the quick sorting of coin and counting assembly, it is characterised in that include frame (1), frame (1) is provided with material sorting device (2), sorting device (3), driving means (4) and counting assembly (5);Material sorting device (2) is positioned at frame (1) top, sorting device (3) and driving means (4) are all located at the inside of frame (1), and driving means (4) is connected with material sorting device (2), counting assembly (5) part is arranged at frame (1) side, and another part is arranged at above the coin exit passage of sorting device (3);The coin mixed is pushed on the track of sorting device (3) by material sorting device (2) the most one by one, by the fork guide pad (306) in sorting device (3), one jiao of separating opening (309) and five jiaos of separating openings (310) Jiang Yijiao respectively, five jiaos, unitary Coin sorting out, and counted by counting assembly (5).
The quick sorting of coin the most according to claim 1 and counting assembly, it is characterized in that, described material sorting device (2), including material all in one piece case (201), it is arranged on the guide pad (203) of material all in one piece case (201) corner and is installed on the importing sword (204) at material all in one piece case (201) center, material all in one piece case (201) square shape and being fixedly mounted in frame (1), material all in one piece case (201) corner is equipped with rectangle and enters coin mouth (202), its a length of 25mm < L < 30mm, a width of 1.85mm < H < 2.5mm, the work surface entering coin mouth (202) is arc transition.
The quick sorting of coin the most according to claim 2 and counting assembly, it is characterized in that, importing sword (204) its shape is blade-like, i.e. its lower surface be plane, upper surface be smooth surface, import the circle formed when sword (204) rotates and be inscribed within square material all in one piece case (201).
4. according to the quick sorting of coin described in claim 2,3 and counting assembly, it is characterized in that, guide pad (203) upper surface is inclined-plane, and medial surface is the face of cylinder, and its radius is equal with the radius of turn importing sword (204), lower surface is provided with two rectangular opening not of uniform size, its long 25mm < L1 < 30mm, 40mm < L2 < 50mm that is respectively, wide is 25mm < H < 30mm, high respectively 25mm < T1 < 30mm, 1.85mm < T2 < 2.5mm.
The quick sorting of coin the most according to claim 1 and counting assembly, it is characterized in that, described sorting device (3) includes track upper cover (302), track lower cover (305) and collecting bag (308), it is provided with sorting track (301) in orbit in the middle of lid (302) and track lower cover (305), sorting track (301) is provided with fork guide pad (306), one jiao of separating opening (309) and five jiaos of separating openings (310), and described track upper cover (302) is provided with open-work lid (303) and sensor installation port (304).
The quick sorting of coin the most according to claim 5 and counting assembly, it is characterized in that, described sorting track (301) is made up of straight line and circular arc, at one angle separating opening (309), five jiaos of separating opening (310) places be provided with fork guide pad (306);A height of 19.5mm-20mm of fork guide pad (306) lower surface distance track lower cover (305) at one jiao of separating opening (309) place, a height of 21mm-23mm of fork guide pad (306) lower surface distance track lower cover (305) at five jiaos of separating opening (310) places.
7. according to the quick sorting of coin described in claim 1,5 and counting assembly, it is characterized in that, described frame (1) is internally installed four equally distributed sorting devices (3), the upper horizontal plane of frame (1) and sorting device (3) have the 20-45 degree angle of depression, the track lower cover (305) of each sorting device (3) and the horizontal normal of side frame (1) side are 8-15 degree, and the side of sorting device (3) is low near frame (1) lateral ends, away from frame (1) lateral ends height.
CN201610159516.XA 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 The quick sorting of coin and counting device Active CN105825575B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106384424A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-08 杭州师范大学钱江学院 Full-automatic coin sorting machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5607351A (en) * 1994-11-10 1997-03-04 Automated Currency Instruments, Inc. Coin counting machine
US6165063A (en) * 1996-03-27 2000-12-26 Mag-Nif, Incorporated Coin sorting apparatus
CN2657111Y (en) * 2003-11-07 2004-11-17 江门市汉宇电器有限公司 Coin-sorting device
CN103578182A (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-02-12 江西理工大学 Multifunctional bus money inserting machine
CN103606218A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-02-26 上海理工大学 Coin sorter
CN104933801A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-09-23 东南大学 Rail type coin seperator
CN105023338A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-11-04 常州工学院 Mechanical device for classification, counting, and arrangement of coins

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5607351A (en) * 1994-11-10 1997-03-04 Automated Currency Instruments, Inc. Coin counting machine
US6165063A (en) * 1996-03-27 2000-12-26 Mag-Nif, Incorporated Coin sorting apparatus
CN2657111Y (en) * 2003-11-07 2004-11-17 江门市汉宇电器有限公司 Coin-sorting device
CN103578182A (en) * 2013-11-12 2014-02-12 江西理工大学 Multifunctional bus money inserting machine
CN103606218A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-02-26 上海理工大学 Coin sorter
CN104933801A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-09-23 东南大学 Rail type coin seperator
CN105023338A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-11-04 常州工学院 Mechanical device for classification, counting, and arrangement of coins

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106384424A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-08 杭州师范大学钱江学院 Full-automatic coin sorting machine
CN106384424B (en) * 2016-09-27 2018-09-07 杭州师范大学钱江学院 All-automatic coin sorter

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