CN105824043A - Optical fiber-buried laser light source earthquake alarming device - Google Patents

Optical fiber-buried laser light source earthquake alarming device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105824043A
CN105824043A CN201610382655.9A CN201610382655A CN105824043A CN 105824043 A CN105824043 A CN 105824043A CN 201610382655 A CN201610382655 A CN 201610382655A CN 105824043 A CN105824043 A CN 105824043A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
light guide
optical fiber
earthquake
guide plate
signal
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CN201610382655.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105824043B (en
Inventor
林建宝
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漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司
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Priority to CN201610382655.9A priority Critical patent/CN105824043B/en
Publication of CN105824043A publication Critical patent/CN105824043A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
    • G01V1/00Seismology; Seismic or acoustic prospecting or detecting
    • G01V1/008Earthquake measurement or prediction
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/10Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados or earthquakes

Abstract

The invention discloses an optical fiber-buried laser light source earthquake alarming device which comprises an earthquake alarming device body .The earthquake alarming device body comprises a laser, an optical fiber, an earthquake wave shattering device and an intelligent alarming system; the earthquake wave shattering device comprises detachable light guide plates, a resetting device is arranged on the detachable light guide plates, the laser emits laser light to generate a signal, the laser light or signal is propagated along the optical fiber, the detachable light guide plates are detached when the detachable light guide plates encounter an earthquake or sense earthquake waves, laser light transmission is interrupted, the signal cannot be transmitted to a signal collector of the intelligent alarming system along the optical fiber, when the signal collector cannot receive the signal or the signal is interrupted, it is judged that the earthquake occurs, the intelligent alarming system gives an alarm, and when the signal collector can receive the signal, the earthquake does not occur .The optical fiber-buried laser light source earthquake alarming device is simple, practical, high in sensitivity, capable of giving the alarm of the earthquake in advance, low in manufacturing cost and suitable for application and popularization.

Description

A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of earthquake alarm, particularly relate to a kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device.
Background technology
Earthquake is the destructive natural disaster that a kind of impersonal force can be resisted, earthquake can cause huge destructive power in moment, earthquake happens occasionally from ancient times, owing to manpower can not resist, can do is exactly to find in advance, give warning in advance, withdraw in time, so earthquake prewarning device causes the great attention of the mankind, there is ancient times seismograph can predict the generation of earthquake, also having many peculiar geographical phenomenons before earthquake can effective foreseeing earthquake, the Novel presentation of such as animal and the Novel presentation of weather, but the development due to industrialization and urbanization, this natural prediction method is the most inapplicable, nowadays it is both provided with earthquake prewarning device in many places, it it is the crystallization of modern science and technology, but effect is not fine, the most it is not well positioned to meet the demand of people.In China's natural disaster causes personnel death's ratio, earthquake disaster proportion is up to 54%, is that China causes the most natural disaster of personnel death.Earthquake disaster not only damages national economy, and directly contributes the massive losses of people's life, property, in seismic wave devastatingly not yet arrives front several seconds or tens of second, earthquake information is announced the external world, can be substantially reduced the injures and deaths of personnel.Theoretical research shows, if pre-warning time is 3 seconds, casualties can be made than minimizing 14%;If 10 seconds, casualties was than minimizing 39%.Therefore, the direction that timely, accurate and effective earthquake warning system always people work hard is set up.
At present, seismic survey and the many seismic survey centers in country's specialty of alarm device or scientific research institution use, owing to these machines are accurate, huge, expensive, and the sensor of these seismic survey devices to be placed into specific region and certain depth, use cannot be popularized in resident's daily life, when earthquake disaster occurs, resident can not receive alarm sounds the very first time, and keep away calamity in time, people are often caught unprepared, it is difficult to casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level, it is big that existing earthquake alarm system there is also floor space, the forecast is inaccurate really, cost is high, it is unfavorable for the shortcoming promoted the use of.
China is divided into 12 degree earthquake intensity, the earthquake of different earthquake intensitys, and its impact and destruction are as follows: just can recorded less than three degree of people's numbnesss, only instrument;Feel the dead of night people for three degree;The people of four~five degree of sleeps can wake up with a start, and pendent lamp rocks;Six degree of vessel are toppled over, house slight damage;Seven~octave house destroyed, there is crack in ground;Nine~ten degree of house collapses, ground failure is serious;11~12 degree of destructive destructions.
A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device of the present invention, simple and practical, highly sensitive, earthquake can be sent in advance alarm, low cost of manufacture, be suitable for popularization and application, be stably hardly damaged, efficiency is high.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to the problem above overcoming prior art to exist, it is provided that a kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device,
For realizing above-mentioned technical purpose, reaching above-mentioned technique effect, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
nullA kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device,Including earthquake alarming device body,Described earthquake alarming device body includes laser instrument、Optical fiber、Seismic wave shatters device and intelligent alarm system,Described laser instrument、Seismic wave shatters device、Intelligent alarm system is linked in sequence successively by optical fiber,The length of described optical fiber is more than 5 kilometers,Described optical fiber is arranged in stainless steel pipes,Described intelligent alarm system includes signal collector,The described seismic wave device that shatters includes separable light guide plate,Described separable light guide plate can be divided into 1-12 bar laid out in parallel,Each described separable light guide plate is provided with the earthquake magnitude of correspondence,Each separable light guide plate of described division can separate according to the dynamics of earthquake,Described separable light guide plate is provided with resetting means,Described resetting means can promote separable light guide plate to reset after isolation,Described laser instrument is launched laser and is produced signal,Described laser or signal are along spread fiber,Described separable light guide plate produces when running into earthquake or when experiencing seismic wave and separates,Described Laser Transmission interrupt can not be along optical fiber transmission signal to signal collector on,When described signal collector does not receives signal or signal interruption,Described intelligent alarms system alarm,Then it is judged as earthquake,When described signal collector is able to receive that signal,For normally there is not earthquake,Described resetting means can make separable light guide plate repeatedly use.
Further, each separable light guide plate of described division is divided into different stage, it is able to receive that the separation that different earthquake progression brings, the corresponding different magnitude of each separable light guide plate of described division, such as, Article 1, separable light guide plate correspondence first order earthquake progression, Article 2 separable light guide plate correspondence second level earthquake progression, Article 3 separable light guide plate correspondence third level earthquake progression, if it occur that three grades of earthquakes, Article 1, separable light guide plate and the separable light guide plate of Article 2 will separate, the separable light guide plate of Article 3 then will not separate.
Further, described resetting means can be divided into adjustable resetting means and automatic reset device, described adjustable resetting means can reset separable light guide plate between 1 second-1 minute in limited time, making separable light guide plate connect, described automatic reset device also is able to making separable light guide plate connect.
Further, described separable light guide plate is provided with fixing end and round end, described fixing end and round end are all connected with optical fiber, described round end can make fixing end and the round end rotating separation of separable light guide plate, when described fixing end separates with round end, the signal Transmission in a fiber that described laser instrument produces, it is impossible to enough transmit signals on signal collector.
Further, described resetting means can make fixing end and round end reset connect, and when described fixing end and round end connect, the signal that described laser instrument produces transmits in a fiber.
Further, described earthquake alarming device body is arranged on earth's surface or above ground structure.
Further, described intelligent alarms system can be connected with extraneous communication apparatus, and described extraneous communication apparatus includes that mobile phone, electronics the Internet or the external world are able to receive that the display screen of wireless signal.
Further, described separable light guide plate can propagate light or laser, and described separable light guide plate is that the material of PC, PMMA, PS, PP is made.
Further, described resetting means includes spring.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1. simple in construction, practical;
The most with low cost, it is suitable for popularization and application;
3. can interpolate that the rank that earthquake occurs;
4. earthquake can be sent in advance alarm, it is to avoid or alleviate the disaster that earthquake causes, casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level.
Described above is only the general introduction of technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand the technological means of the present invention, and can be practiced according to the content of description, below with presently preferred embodiments of the present invention and coordinate accompanying drawing to describe in detail.The detailed description of the invention of the present invention is shown in detail in by following example and accompanying drawing thereof.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing described herein is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, constitutes the part of the application, and the schematic description and description of the present invention is used for explaining the present invention, is not intended that inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device structural representation that the present invention relates to;
Fig. 2 is separable light guide plate 7 structural representation in a kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device that the present invention relates to.
Label declaration in figure: earthquake alarming device body 1, laser instrument 2, optical fiber 3, seismic wave shatters device 4, signal collector 5, intelligent alarm system 6, separable light guide plate 7, resetting means 8, seismic wave 9, fixing end 10, round end 11.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
nullReferring to figs. 1 through shown in Fig. 2,A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device,Including earthquake alarming device body 1,Described earthquake alarming device body 1 includes laser instrument 2、Optical fiber 3、Seismic wave shatters device 4 and intelligent alarm system 6,Described laser instrument 2、Seismic wave shatters device 4、Intelligent alarm system 6 is linked in sequence successively by optical fiber 3,The length of described optical fiber 3 is more than 5 kilometers,Described optical fiber 3 is arranged in stainless steel pipes,Described intelligent alarm system 6 includes signal collector 5,The described seismic wave device 4 that shatters includes separable light guide plate 7,Described separable light guide plate 7 can be divided into 1-12 bar laid out in parallel,Each described separable light guide plate 7 is provided with the earthquake magnitude of correspondence,Each separable light guide plate 7 of described division can separate according to the dynamics of earthquake,Described separable light guide plate 7 is provided with resetting means 8,Described resetting means 8 can promote separable light guide plate 7 to reset after isolation,Described laser instrument 2 is launched laser and is produced signal,Described laser or signal are propagated along optical fiber 3,Described separable light guide plate 7 produces when running into earthquake or when experiencing seismic wave 9 and separates,Described Laser Transmission interrupts to transmit signal to signal collector 5 along optical fiber 3,When described signal collector 5 does not receives signal or signal interruption,Described intelligent alarms system 6 is reported to the police,Then it is judged as earthquake,When described signal collector 5 is able to receive that signal,For normally there is not earthquake,Described resetting means 8 can make separable light guide plate 7 repeatedly use.
Further, each separable light guide plate 7 of described division is divided into different stage, it is able to receive that the separation that different earthquake progression brings, the corresponding different magnitude of each separable light guide plate 7 of described division, such as, Article 1, separable light guide plate correspondence first order earthquake progression, Article 2 separable light guide plate correspondence second level earthquake progression, Article 3 separable light guide plate correspondence third level earthquake progression, if it occur that three grades of earthquakes, Article 1, separable light guide plate and the separable light guide plate of Article 2 will separate, the separable light guide plate of Article 3 then will not separate.
Further, described resetting means 8 can be divided into adjustable resetting means and automatic reset device, described adjustable resetting means can reset separable light guide plate 7 between 1 second-1 minute in limited time, making separable light guide plate 7 connect, described automatic reset device also is able to making separable light guide plate 7 connect.
Further, described separable light guide plate 7 is provided with fixing end 10 and round end 11, described fixing end 10 and round end 11 are all connected with optical fiber 3, described round end 11 can make fixing end 10 and round end 11 rotating separation of separable light guide plate 7, when described fixing end 10 and round end 11 separate, signal Transmission in optical fiber 3 that described laser instrument 2 produces, it is impossible to enough transmit signals on signal collector 5.
Further, described resetting means 8 can make fixing end 10 and round end 11 reset connect, and when described fixing end 10 and round end 11 connect, the signal that described laser instrument 2 produces transmits in optical fiber 3.
Further, described earthquake alarming device body 1 is arranged on earth's surface or above ground structure.
Further, described intelligent alarms system 6 can be connected with extraneous communication apparatus, and described extraneous communication apparatus includes that mobile phone, electronics the Internet or the external world are able to receive that the display screen of wireless signal.
Further, described separable light guide plate 7 can propagate light or laser, and described separable light guide plate 7 is that the material of PC, PMMA, PS, PP is made.
Specific embodiment:
nullUser uses one optical fiber of the present invention buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device,Including earthquake alarming device body 1,Earthquake alarming device body 1 includes laser instrument 2、Optical fiber 3、Seismic wave shatters device 4 and intelligent alarm system 6,Laser instrument 2、Seismic wave shatters device 4 and intelligent alarm system 6 is linked in sequence successively by optical fiber 3,Laser instrument 2 is launched laser and is produced signal,Laser or signal are propagated along optical fiber 3,When running into earthquake or when experiencing seismic wave 9,Separable light guide plate 7 produces and separates,Laser can not transmit signal to signal collector 5 along optical fiber 3,Transmission,When signal collector 5 does not receives signal or signal interruption,Described intelligent alarms system 6 is reported to the police,Meanwhile,Because separable light guide plate 7 can be divided into 1-9 bar laid out in parallel,Each the separable light guide plate 7 divided is provided with the earthquake magnitude of correspondence,Each the separable light guide plate 7 divided can separate according to the dynamics of earthquake,The corresponding different magnitude of each separable light guide plate 7 divided,Such as,Article 1, separable light guide plate correspondence first order earthquake progression,Article 2 separable light guide plate correspondence second level earthquake progression,Article 3 separable light guide plate correspondence third level earthquake progression,If it occur that three grades of earthquakes,Article 1, separable light guide plate and the separable light guide plate of Article 2 will separate,The separable light guide plate of Article 3 then will not separate,User can judge, according to the situation that each separable light guide plate 7 separates, the rank that earthquake occurs,Simultaneously,Separable light guide plate 7 is additionally provided with resetting means 8,Resetting means 8 can promote separable light guide plate 7 to reset after isolation,Separable light guide plate 7 is made to repeatedly use.
The above; being only the detailed description of the invention of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any those familiar with the art is in the technical scope that the invention discloses; change can be readily occurred in or replace, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should described be as the criterion with scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

  1. null1. an optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device,Including earthquake alarming device body (1),It is characterized in that: described earthquake alarming device body (1) includes laser instrument (2)、Optical fiber (3)、Seismic wave shatters device (4) and intelligent alarm system (6),Described laser instrument (2)、Seismic wave shatters device (4)、Intelligent alarm system (6) is linked in sequence successively by optical fiber (3),The length of described optical fiber (3) is more than 5 kilometers,Described optical fiber (3) is arranged in stainless steel pipes,Described intelligent alarm system (6) includes signal collector (5),The described seismic wave device (4) that shatters includes separable light guide plate (7),Described separable light guide plate (7) can be divided into 1-12 bar laid out in parallel,Each described separable light guide plate (7) is provided with the earthquake magnitude of correspondence,Each separable light guide plate (7) of described division can separate according to the dynamics of earthquake,Described separable light guide plate (7) is provided with resetting means (8),Described resetting means (8) can promote separable light guide plate (7) to reset after isolation,Described laser instrument (2) is launched laser and is produced signal,Described laser or signal are propagated along optical fiber (3),Described separable light guide plate (7) produces when running into earthquake or when experiencing seismic wave (9) and separates,Described Laser Transmission interrupts to transmit signal to signal collector (5) along optical fiber (3),When described signal collector (5) does not receives signal or signal interruption,Described intelligent alarms system (6) is reported to the police,Then it is judged as earthquake,When described signal collector (5) is able to receive that signal,For normally there is not earthquake,Described resetting means (8) can make separable light guide plate (7) repeatedly use.
  2. A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: each separable light guide plate (7) of described division is divided into different stage, it is able to receive that the separation that different earthquake progression brings, the corresponding different magnitude of each separable light guide plate (7) of described division.
  3. A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described resetting means (8) can be divided into adjustable resetting means and automatic reset device, described adjustable resetting means can reset separable light guide plate (7) between 1 second-1 minute in limited time, making separable light guide plate (7) connect, described automatic reset device also is able to making separable light guide plate (7) connect.
  4. A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described separable light guide plate (7) is provided with fixing end (10) and round end (11), described fixing end (10) and round end (11) are all connected with optical fiber (3), described round end (11) can make fixing end (10) and round end (11) rotating separation of separable light guide plate (7), when described fixing end (10) and round end (11) separate, the signal that described laser instrument (2) produces is Transmission in optical fiber (3), can not transmit signals on signal collector (5).
  5. A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device the most according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described resetting means (8) can make fixing end (10) and round end (11) reset connect, when described fixing end (10) and round end (11) connect, the signal that described laser instrument (2) produces is transmission in optical fiber (3).
  6. A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described earthquake alarming device body (1) is arranged on earth's surface or above ground structure.
  7. A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described intelligent alarms system (6) can be connected with extraneous communication apparatus, described extraneous communication apparatus includes that mobile phone, electronics the Internet or the external world are able to receive that the display screen of wireless signal.
  8. A kind of optical fiber buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described separable light guide plate (7) can propagate light or laser, and described separable light guide plate (7) is that the material of PC, PMMA, PS, PP is made.
CN201610382655.9A 2016-06-01 2016-06-01 A kind of buried LASER Light Source earthquake alarming device of optical fiber CN105824043B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108761393A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-11-06 惠安县金建达电子科技有限公司 A kind of underground longitude and latitude measuring device and method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101393268A (en) * 2008-11-06 2009-03-25 复旦大学 Earthquake early-warning system based on communication optical cable
US20120092960A1 (en) * 2010-10-19 2012-04-19 Graham Gaston Monitoring using distributed acoustic sensing (das) technology
CN105225425A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-06 泉州黄章智能科技有限公司 A kind of optical fiber is used in the method and apparatus of earthquake alarm
WO2016021689A1 (en) * 2014-08-07 2016-02-11 古河電気工業株式会社 Optical fiber sensor, seismic prospecting method, method for measuring distribution of petroleum/natural gas reservoir layer, strain detection method, and method for specifying position of fissure in stratum
CN205982655U (en) * 2016-06-01 2017-02-22 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Optic fibre underground laser lamp -house earthquake warning device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101393268A (en) * 2008-11-06 2009-03-25 复旦大学 Earthquake early-warning system based on communication optical cable
US20120092960A1 (en) * 2010-10-19 2012-04-19 Graham Gaston Monitoring using distributed acoustic sensing (das) technology
WO2016021689A1 (en) * 2014-08-07 2016-02-11 古河電気工業株式会社 Optical fiber sensor, seismic prospecting method, method for measuring distribution of petroleum/natural gas reservoir layer, strain detection method, and method for specifying position of fissure in stratum
CN105225425A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-06 泉州黄章智能科技有限公司 A kind of optical fiber is used in the method and apparatus of earthquake alarm
CN205982655U (en) * 2016-06-01 2017-02-22 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Optic fibre underground laser lamp -house earthquake warning device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108761393A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-11-06 惠安县金建达电子科技有限公司 A kind of underground longitude and latitude measuring device and method

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