CN105822223B - A kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig - Google Patents

A kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105822223B
CN105822223B CN201610175546.XA CN201610175546A CN105822223B CN 105822223 B CN105822223 B CN 105822223B CN 201610175546 A CN201610175546 A CN 201610175546A CN 105822223 B CN105822223 B CN 105822223B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
hinged
oil cylinder
adjustment
unit
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CN201610175546.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105822223A (en
Inventor
刘化国
古仁龙
刘睿
李涛
刘�东
张金鹏
周扬理
徐仁峰
郭枝鑫
于海华
Original Assignee
山东胜利石油装备产业技术研究院
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Priority to CN201610175546.XA priority Critical patent/CN105822223B/en
Publication of CN105822223A publication Critical patent/CN105822223A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105822223B publication Critical patent/CN105822223B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • E21B7/023Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting the mast being foldable or telescopically retractable
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B15/00Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts
    • E21B15/003Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts adapted to be moved on their substructure, e.g. with skidding means; adapted to drill a plurality of wells
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/08Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods
    • E21B19/083Cam, rack or like feed mechanisms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/14Racks, ramps, troughs or bins, for holding the lengths of rod singly or connected; Handling between storage place and borehole
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/16Connecting or disconnecting pipe couplings or joints
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/22Handling reeled pipe or rod units, e.g. flexible drilling pipes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B33/00Sealing or packing boreholes or wells
    • E21B33/02Surface sealing or packing
    • E21B33/03Well heads; Setting-up thereof

Abstract

A kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig,Including main car unit and auxiliary car unit,Described main car unit includes vehicle-mounted chassis、Onboard power systems、Combined shaft frame system、The vehicle-mounted control system of main car,Described auxiliary car unit includes the vehicle-mounted chassis of semi-mounted、Drilling rod tier pole moves lever system comb part、Continuous pipe row injection system、The vehicle-mounted control system of auxiliary car,Described combined shaft frame system includes drilling machine platform、Rig floor supporting leg、Main support、Assistant support、Derrick luffing posture adjusting system、Wellhead column button processing system、Wellhead protecting system、Pinion and-rack lift system、Continuous pipe injected system and drilling rod tier pole move lever system and move tube portion,Main car unit can individually complete conventional single drilling well、Super single drilling well and slant hole drilling operation,Auxiliary car unit is combined with main car unit can complete continuous tubing drill well operations,Main car unit、Auxiliary car unit matching realizes single drilling well、Slant hole drilling and continuous tubing drill well operations.

Description

A kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig, specifically one kind can be suitable for conventional single brill The multi-functional full-automatic integration drilling and repairing well device of well, super single drilling well, coiled tubing drilling, off-angle drilling and well workover, belongs to Petroleum equipment field.
Background technology
According to traditional drillng operation mode, different types of drilling mode needs to select different rigs to complete, example Such as, deep straight well drillng operation is typically chosen conventional drill, and Horizontal Well Drilling well operations are typically chosen gear rack drilling machine, and underbalance is bored Well and old well reentry operation are typically chosen continuous pipe rig, and slant hole drilling operation needs the slant rig of specialty, single in a large number Frequently calling for function rig not only increases quantities, wastes substantial amounts of human and material resources and financial resources, and rig itself Performance is obtained also less than fully playing, and causes cost performance not high, and cost increases, with sending out energetically for oil field drilling and repairing well equipment industry Exhibition, small-sized oil-well rig develop to the direction of variation, composite multifunction, super singles rig, deviated wells rig and continuous Oil pipe rig becomes following developing direction of rig industry.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig, the rig not only can carry out routine Single drillng operation, super single drillng operation, it is also possible to carry out continuous pipe drillng operation, not only can carry out straight well drilling well, Horizontal well drilling, branch well drilling well operations can also carry out slant hole drilling operation, not only can carry out new well drillng operation, old Well reentry operation can also complete the workover treatments such as pressure break, pickling, disclosure satisfy that oil field polymorphic type and complex function drilling and repairing well Job requirements.
The present invention solves its technical problem and is adopted the technical scheme that:A kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig, bag Include main car unit and auxiliary car unit, described main car unit include vehicle-mounted chassis, onboard power systems, combined shaft frame system, The vehicle-mounted control system of main car, described auxiliary car unit include that lever system comb part, continuous is moved on the vehicle-mounted chassis of semi-mounted, drilling rod tier pole Oil pipe row's injection system, the vehicle-mounted control system of auxiliary car, main car unit individually can complete conventional single drilling well, super single drilling well and Slant hole drilling operation, auxiliary car unit is combined with main car unit can complete continuous tubing drill well operations, main car unit, auxiliary car list First two chassis coordinate realizes single drilling well, three kinds of drillng operations of slant hole drilling and coiled tubing drilling;Described main car unit On be provided with coiled tubing injected system and drilling rod tier pole and move lever system and move tube portion, described coiled tubing row's injection system and brill Bar tier pole moves lever system comb part and is separately positioned on the two ends on the vehicle-mounted chassis of semi-mounted, described coiled tubing injected system, brill Bar tier pole moves lever system shifting tube portion, coiled tubing row's injection system and drilling rod tier pole shifting lever system comb part and realizes coiled tubing Drillng operation;
Described combined shaft frame system include drilling machine platform, rig floor supporting leg, main support, assistant support, upper posture adjustment strutbeam, under Posture adjustment strutbeam, support posture adjustment oil cylinder, derrick luffing posture adjusting system, wellhead column buckle processing system, wellhead protecting system, gear teeth Bar formula lift system, continuous pipe injected system and drilling rod tier pole move lever system and move tube portion.
Used as optimization, described drilling machine platform lower end is provided with four rig floor supporting legs, and described drilling machine platform is provided below There is well head unit, installed in the upper end of drilling machine platform, described main support is door type structure to described main support, and described master props up The medium position of frame both sides is all hinged with upper posture adjustment strutbeam, and the other end of described upper posture adjustment strutbeam is hinged with the middle part of assistant support Together, described assistant support is door type structure and forms by square steel welding processing that the lower end both sides of described assistant support are equal Hinged with lower posture adjustment strutbeam, the other end of described lower posture adjustment strutbeam is all hinged with drilling machine platform, described Main support, assistant support, upper posture adjustment strutbeam, lower posture adjustment strutbeam form two parallel parallelogram sturcutres, described main support The middle part of the both sides of door type structure is all hinged with the end of the cylinder barrel of support posture adjustment oil cylinder, and described assistant support gate-type is tied The middle part of the both sides of structure is all hinged with the end of the piston rod of support posture adjustment oil cylinder, two side stand posture adjustment cylinder piston rods When stretching out, parallelogram sturcutre launches, and described upper posture adjustment strutbeam two ends are cut with scissors with main support and assistant support respectively by bearing pin Connect fixation, described lower posture adjustment strutbeam by bearing pin respectively with main support and the hinged fixation of assistant support;
Described derrick luffing posture adjusting system include posture adjustment diagonal brace, jib lubbing mechanism, posture adjustment guide rail, adjustment block, drilling machine platform, Cushion block, rig floor supporting leg, posture adjustment oil cylinder and assistant support supporting leg, two rig floor supporting legs of described close main car car body side and main car Car body is hinged, described drilling machine platform bottom mounting platform attitude-adjusting unit, and described platform attitude-adjusting unit includes cushion block, posture adjustment oil Cylinder, rig floor supporting leg, one end of the piston rod of described posture adjustment oil cylinder installed in the inside of rig floor supporting leg, described posture adjustment oil cylinder The end of cylinder barrel is hinged with cushion block, and the platform attitude-adjusting unit of four rig floor supporting legs all adopts this structure, and four tune Appearance oil cylinder is individually control elongation;Two described symmetrical posture adjustment diagonal brace one end respectively with main support door type structure Both sides are hinged, the other end posture adjustment hinged, described with two adjustment blocks being symmetrically mounted on posture adjustment guide rail On main car car body, described adjustment block includes clamping screw, latch segment, gear groove, gear block and slide block matrix to guide rails assembling, Described gear groove is uniformly arranged on posture adjustment guide rail, and described gear block is arranged in the groove of slide block matrix by bearing pin, institute The slide block matrix that states is fixed on posture adjustment guide rail by latch segment, and described latch segment is connected with slide block matrix by clamping screw Connect;Two described symmetrical jib lubbing mechanism one end are hinged with main car car body respectively, the other end respectively with main support in The both sides of portion's door type structure are hinged, by adjusting adjustment block in the position of the gear groove of posture adjustment guide rail and platform posture adjustment list The attitude of unit can adjust the spatial attitude of main support and assistant support, to adapt to the different demands of conventional drilling and deviated well drilling;
Described wellhead column button processing system includes power head unit and impact tong, and described power head unit includes to move Power head drive motor and decelerator, unit head directive wheel, main shaft, main shaft drives motor, gooseneck, main support gear and unit head Main body, described unit head main body both sides are respectively symmetrically four structure identical unit head directive wheels of installation, described unit head Main body both sides are respectively symmetrically two unit head drive motors of installation and decelerator, and described main support gear is driven installed in unit head On the axle of dynamic motor and decelerator, the installing plate of described impact tong is fixedly mounted on the pithead position of drilling machine platform, conventional brill When well and slant hole drilling, the upper shackle operation of drilling rod is completed by the cooperation of impact tong and power head unit;
Described pinion and-rack lift system includes main support tooth bar, power head unit, main support, main support guide rail, The inner side both sides of described main support door type structure all correspondences are installed with mutually isostructural main support tooth bar, and described main support is led Rail is installed in the inner side of main support door type structure, and is symmetrically mounted on the both sides of two main support tooth bars, described unit head list Unit is installed in the inner side of main support door type structure, the main support gear of described power head unit both sides and main support door type structure The corresponding engagement respectively of main support tooth bar on the inside of both sides, the unit head directive wheel of described power head unit both sides is corresponding respectively to pacify It is mounted on the main support guide rail of main support both sides, the main support guide rail of both sides is distributed in the interior of corresponding two unit head directive wheels Side, described gooseneck are arranged in unit head main body and are connected with main shaft, can be passed through to main shaft and drilling rod by gooseneck Drilling fluid, in unit head main body, drilling rod is installed in described main shaft end for described main shaft, described main shaft drives motor In unit head main body, described main shaft drives motor drive shaft is rotated, and is realized the rotation of drilling rod, is driven by unit head Dynamic motor and decelerator drive main support pinion rotation to realize power head unit and move along main support tooth bar direction, realize drilling rod Drilling and lifting operation;
Described wellhead protecting system include wellhead assembly vertical guide, upper hinged block, vertically drive oil cylinder, under hinged Block, main support hinged block, conventional wellhead assembly, browpiece, laterally movable hinged block, laterally laterally driven oil cylinder, fixing hinge Block, well head cross slide way is connect, installed in the bottom of drilling machine platform, described conventional wellhead assembly is solid for described wellhead protecting system Dingan County is mounted on browpiece, in well head cross slide way direction, is symmetrically installed with the laterally driven oil cylinder of two groups of structure identicals, horizontal stroke To be movably hinged block and laterally fixing hinged block realize browpiece and move along well head cross slide way, described laterally driven oil cylinder One end is hinged with the laterally movable hinged block being fixedly mounted on browpiece, and the other end is with to be fixedly mounted on wellhead assembly vertical Horizontal fixing hinged block on guide rail is hinged, and one end of described vertical driving oil cylinder is vertically led with wellhead assembly is fixedly mounted on Lower hinged block on rail is hinged, and the other end is hinged with the upper hinged block being fixedly mounted on well head cross slide way, described Well head cross slide way installed in wellhead assembly vertical guide guide-track groove in, pacify in four wellhead assembly vertical guide respectively Equipped with upper hinged block accordingly, oil cylinder, lower hinged block and well head cross slide way is vertically driven, four wellhead assembly vertical guide are divided It is not fixedly mounted on four rig floor supporting legs;
Described continuous pipe injected system includes complex function unit, coiled tubing injection head unit, injection head support frame, note Entering head drives the position of oil cylinder, injection head guide rail and roller, described coiled tubing injection head unit to be located at the top of impact tong, The position of described injection head guide rail is located at the top of impact tong, and described injection head support frame is located at the top of impact tong, described Injection head drive the cylinder barrel end of oil cylinder to be hinged on one end top of drilling machine platform, described injection head drives the piston of oil cylinder The end of bar is hinged with one end of injection head support frame, and the both sides of described injection head support frame are symmetrically installed with four rollings Wheel, monosymmetric four rolling is symmetrically mounted on the injection head guide rail of derrick both sides, described coiled tubing injection head list Unit is on injection head support frame;Described complex function unit includes that segment posture adjustment oil cylinder, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder, guiding arc are big Section, guiding arc segment, linkage section, manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder, manipulator, composite structure drive motor and decelerator, assistant support tooth Wheel, directive wheel, composite structure support, adjustment strutbeam, upper adjustment strutbeam are hinged, gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, lower adjustment strutbeam are hinged, Adjustment oil cylinder, roller, roller fix hinged, gooseneck adjustment section, and described complex function unit includes coiled tubing posture adjustment function Area and move pipe posture adjustment complex function area, described shifting pipe posture adjustment complex function area include segment posture adjustment oil cylinder, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder, Big section of arc of guiding, guiding arc segment, linkage section, manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder, manipulator, composite structure drive motor and decelerator, Assistant support gear, directive wheel, composite structure support, described directive wheel is on composite structure support, and directive wheel is paired Install, be respectively symmetrically in the both sides of composite structure support and six pairs of directive wheels are installed, described guiding arc segment is hinged on compound The upper end of mechanism rack, described linkage section are fixedly mounted on composite structure pedestal upper end, described segment posture adjustment oil cylinder one end The middle part of composite structure support is hinged on, the other end is hinged on the middle part for being oriented to arc segment, big section described of guiding arc is hinged on The upper end of composite structure support, described big section posture adjustment oil cylinder one end are hinged on the middle part of composite structure support, and the other end is hinged At the middle part for being oriented to big section of arc, described is oriented to the both sides that big section of arc and guiding arc segment are respectively hinged at composite structure support, Described composite structure drive motor and decelerator, assistant support gear constitute drive mechanism of climbing, and described assistant support gear is pacified It is mounted on the axle of composite structure drive motor and decelerator, described composite structure drive motor and decelerator are arranged on compounding machine On structure support, the both sides of described linkage section are respectively symmetrically and are provided with drive mechanism of climbing, and described arm end bottom is cut with scissors The bottom of composite structure support is connected on, described arm end top is hinged with one end of manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder, described The other end of manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder is hinged on the middle part of composite structure support;Described coiled tubing posture adjustment functional areas include to adjust Whole strutbeam, upper adjustment strutbeam are hinged, gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, lower adjustment strutbeam are hinged, adjustment oil cylinder, roller, roller fix hinge Connect, gooseneck adjustment section, described adjustment strutbeam is fixedly mounted on main support, and described upper adjustment strutbeam is hingedly mounted on adjustment The top of strutbeam and hinged with the cylinder barrel end of gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, the cylinder barrel of described gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder Middle part is hinged with one end of adjustment oil cylinder, and the top of the piston rod that described gooseneck section adjusts oil cylinder is fixed on gooseneck tune On whole section, described adjustment oil cylinder is by the hinged lower adjustment strutbeam hinged, described with adjustment strutbeam of lower adjustment strutbeam The hinged bottom for being fixedly mounted on adjustment strutbeam, the end of described gooseneck adjustment section is along the track arc direction of gooseneck adjustment section Two rollers are respectively articulated with, spacing between two described rollers, is left, described roller is fixed and is hinged on gooseneck adjustment section The both sides of track, are provided with coiled tubing in the gooseneck adjustment section track between described gooseneck adjustment section and roller, by adjusting Whole gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, the attitude of the extension elongation adjustment gooseneck adjustment section of adjustment oil cylinder;The end peace of described manipulator Equipped with crossbeam, the two ends of described crossbeam are separately installed with handgrip, are provided with manipulator short between described manipulator and crossbeam Bar and manipulator stock;
Drilling rod tier pole moves lever system shifting tube portion includes complex function unit, assistant support, handgrip, assistant support tooth bar.
As optimization, described coiled tubing row's injection system and coiled tubing injected system composition coiled tubing system, lead to The cooperation for main car unit being crossed with auxiliary car unit completes continuous oil pipe operation, and described coiled tubing system includes that coiled tubing is rolled Cylinder, coiled tubing complex function unit and injection head unit, described coiled tubing row injection system include rolling stand and continuous Oil pipe cylinder, described rolling stand are symmetrically mounted on the both sides on the vehicle-mounted chassis of semi-mounted, and described roller of continuous oil pipe is arranged on On rolling stand, coiled tubing guiding mechanism is installed on described complex function unit, described injection head unit is arranged on On drilling machine platform, when continuous oil pipe operation is carried out, injection head drives hydraulic oil cylinder driving injection head to reach pithead position, composite structure Drive motor and decelerator drive assistant support pinion rotation, composite structure are risen be raised to after correct position and lock, segment posture adjustment oil Cylinder, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder stretch out, and gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, adjustment cylinder action form coiled tubing gooseneck track, adjust gooseneck Section adjustment oil cylinder, the collapsing length of adjustment oil cylinder cause coiled tubing to reach most suitable injection state, and injection head action is completed The coiled tubing drilling such as the injection of coiled tubing and lifting works, and moves up and down and adjust gooseneck section adjustment oil by composite structure Cylinder, the requirement of the different injection radius of curvature for being adapted to different tube diameters coiled tubing of the collapsing length of adjustment oil cylinder, even Continuous tubing system achieves the separation that roller of continuous oil pipe, coiled tubing injection head, coiled tubing curvature produce structure, according to not With the requirement of the coiled tubing to coiled tubing different curvature radius of caliber, by adjust cylinder and curvature produce structure away from Different curvature half is realized from, the attitude of adjustment gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, the length adjustment gooseneck adjustment section that stretches out of adjustment oil cylinder The injection of footpath coiled tubing is required.
Used as optimization, drilling rod tier pole moves lever system comb part includes that pipe racking device, winch, winch support and drilling rod are propped up Frame, on winch support, described winch support is transported described winch installed in the end top on the vehicle-mounted chassis of semi-mounted When, drill rod rack is placed in the both sides of auxiliary car car body top, and when moving pipe comb, drill rod rack is placed in the both sides of pipe racking device, Described pipe racking device include power roller, comb support, front end supporting leg, front end supporting leg roller, front end supporting leg drive oil cylinder, after End supporting leg drives oil cylinder, front end hanger, rear end hanger, left side to stir handle, left side driving lever and drives oil cylinder, front end ejector sleeve driving oil Cylinder, rear end ejector sleeve drive oil cylinder, front end ejector sleeve plate, rear end ejector sleeve plate, gathering sill, rear end supporting leg roller, rear end supporting leg, front End plate directive wheel, rear end plate directive wheel, front end guide groove, rear end guide groove, right side are stirred handle, right side driving lever and drive oil cylinder, , installed in the front end of comb support, described rear end hanger is installed in the rear end of comb support, described for described front end hanger Dynamic roller is installed below the front end of comb support and respectively below rear end, one end of described front end supporting leg is hinged on comb and props up On frame, the other end is provided with front end supporting leg roller, and one end of described rear end supporting leg is hinged on comb support, and the other end is installed There is a rear end supporting leg roller, described front end supporting leg drives one end of oil cylinder to be hinged on comb support, the other end and front end supporting leg Hinged, described rear end supporting leg drives one end of oil cylinder to be hinged on comb support, and the other end is hinged with rear end supporting leg Together, described front end ejector sleeve drives one end of oil cylinder hinged with comb support, the other end and front end ejector sleeve plate Link together, described rear end ejector sleeve drives one end of oil cylinder hinged with comb support, the other end and rear end ejector sleeve Plate links together, and is provided with roller in described ejector sleeve plate, and described roller is in guide groove;Described gathering sill Installed in the middle part of comb support, the two ends of described gathering sill are separately installed with that handle is stirred in left side and handle is stirred on right side, Handle is stirred in described left side and right side stir handle one end hinged with comb support respectively, described left side is stirred The other end of handle drives one end of oil cylinder hinged with left side driving lever, and the other end of handle and the right side are stirred in described right side Side driving lever drives one end of oil cylinder hinged, and described left side driving lever drives oil cylinder and right side driving lever to drive one end of oil cylinder Hinged with comb support respectively.
Used as optimization, drilling rod tier pole moves lever system shifting tube portion includes complex function unit, assistant support, handgrip, assistant support Tooth bar, described complex function unit include segment posture adjustment oil cylinder, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder, are oriented to big section of arc, are oriented to arc segment, connect Connect section, manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder, manipulator, composite structure drive motor and decelerator, assistant support gear, directive wheel, compounding machine Structure support, adjustment strutbeam, upper adjustment strutbeam are hinged, gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, lower adjustment strutbeam are hinged, adjustment oil cylinder, roller, rolling Fixing hinged, the gooseneck adjustment section of wheel, described complex function unit include coiled tubing posture adjustment functional areas and move pipe posture adjustment to be combined Functional areas, described shifting pipe posture adjustment complex function area include segment posture adjustment oil cylinder, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder, are oriented to big section of arc, are oriented to Arc segment, linkage section, manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder, manipulator, composite structure drive motor and decelerator, assistant support gear, guiding Wheel, composite structure support, described directive wheel is on composite structure support, and directive wheel mounted in pairs, in composite structure The both sides of support are respectively symmetrically and are provided with six pairs of directive wheels, and described is oriented to the upper end that arc segment is hinged on composite structure support, Described linkage section is fixedly mounted on composite structure pedestal upper end, and described segment posture adjustment oil cylinder one end is hinged on composite structure and props up The middle part of frame, the other end are hinged on the middle part for being oriented to arc segment, and described big section of the arc that is oriented to is hinged on the upper of composite structure support End, described big section posture adjustment oil cylinder one end are hinged on the middle part of composite structure support, and the other end is hinged in big section of arc of guiding Portion, described are oriented to the both sides that big section of arc and guiding arc segment are respectively hinged at composite structure support, and described composite structure drives Dynamic motor and decelerator, assistant support gear constitute drive mechanism of climbing, and described assistant support gear is driven installed in composite structure On the axle of motor and decelerator, described composite structure drive motor and decelerator are on composite structure support, described The both sides of linkage section are respectively symmetrically and are provided with drive mechanism of climbing, and described arm end lower hinge is in composite structure support Bottom, described arm end top is hinged with one end of manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder, described manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder The other end is hinged on the middle part of composite structure support;The end of described manipulator is provided with crossbeam, the two ends of described crossbeam It is separately installed with handgrip.
Used as optimization, described impact tong completes the upper shackle operation of drilling rod with unit head unit matching, unloads on drilling rod Button method:Described impact tong and power head unit are used in combination, and impact tong is clamped, and power head unit realizes upper shackle, upper While shackle, the unit head drive motor of power head unit and decelerator action, the rotation of main support gear is driven, realizes power Head unit is moved up and down along main support tooth bar, shackle screw thread compensation in realization.
Used as optimization, described upper posture adjustment strutbeam two ends are provided with double hinged respectively with main support and assistant support hinged place Structure, described lower posture adjustment strutbeam two ends are provided with double articulated structures respectively with drilling machine platform and assistant support hinged place.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:Compared with prior art, the multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig of one kind of the present invention, There are combined shaft frame system and the vehicle-mounted control system of main car on main car unit, in combined shaft frame system, be provided with derrick luffing tune Appearance system, wellhead column button processing system, wellhead protecting system, pinion and-rack lift system, continuous pipe injected system and brill Bar tier pole moves lever system and moves tube portion, and derrick luffing posture adjusting system can arbitrarily adjust the operating attitude of derrick, realize various not With the needs of the working environment of inclined shaft, main car unit can individually complete conventional single drilling well, super single drilling well and deviated wells Drillng operation, auxiliary car unit is combined with main car unit can complete continuous tubing drill well operations, and continuous tubing drill well operations pass through Coiled tubing row's injection system, coiled tubing injected system, drilling rod tier pole move lever system comb part and drilling rod tier pole moves lever system Move tube portion to complete jointly, main car unit, auxiliary two chassis of car unit coordinate realizes single drilling well, slant hole drilling and coiled tubing Three kinds of drillng operations of drilling well, the rig can be by changing different downhole tools, for workover treatments such as pressure break, pickling.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the full-automatic continuous pipe rig overall structure figure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the main car unit overall structure figure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the auxiliary car unit overall structure figure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the main car unit complete machine structure unit installation diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 omits main car complete vehicle structure figure after the main support of side for the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the main car unit partial view I structure chart of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is complex function unit structure chart of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is complex function unit partial view II of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is unit head cellular construction figure of the present invention;
Figure 10 combines derrick attitude-adjusting unit structure chart for the present invention;
Figure 11 is adjustment block structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 12 is wellhead assembly structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 13 is conventional drilling view of the present invention;
Figure 14 is deviated well drilling view of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the double articulated structure figures of the present invention;
Figure 16 omits the coiled tubing drilling view of side main support for the present invention;
Figure 17 is coiled tubing drilling state partial view III structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 18 is present invention pair car unit pipe racking device structural representation;
Figure 19 is present invention pair car unit component units structural representation;
Figure 20 is that present invention pair car unit rack pipe mechanism is got on or off the bus schematic diagram.
Wherein, 1, main car unit, 2, secondary car unit;
1-1, onboard power systems, 1-2, the vehicle-mounted control system of main car, 1-3, vehicle-mounted chassis, 1-4, combined shaft frame system System, 2-1, drilling rod tier pole move lever system comb part, the vehicle-mounted chassis of 2-2, semi-mounted, 2-3, continuous pipe row's injection system;
1-4-1, main support, 1-4-2, assistant support, 1-4-3, complex function unit, 1-4-4, lower posture adjustment strutbeam, 1-4-5, Assistant support tooth bar, 1-4-6, upper posture adjustment strutbeam, 1-4-7, drilling machine platform, 1-4-8, well head unit, 1-4-9, jib lubbing mechanism, 1- 4-10, main support tooth bar, 1-4-11, power head unit, 1-4-12, support posture adjustment oil cylinder, 1-4-13, drilling rod, 1-4-14, pad Block, 1-4-15, rig floor supporting leg, 1-4-16, posture adjustment oil cylinder, 1-4-17, assistant support supporting leg, 1-4-18, main support guide rail, 1-4- 19th, coiled tubing injection head unit, 1-4-20, impact tong, 1-4-21, injection head driving oil cylinder, 1-4-22, injection head guide rail, 1-4-23, roller A, 1-4-24, injection head support frame, 1-4-25, segment posture adjustment oil cylinder, 1-4-26, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder, 1-4- 27th, arc big section, 1-4-28, guiding arc segment, 1-4-29, linkage section, 1-4-30, manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder, 1-4-31, machine are oriented to Tool hand, 1-4-32, crossbeam, 1-4-33, composite structure drive motor and decelerator, 1-4-34, assistant support gear, 1-4-35, lead To wheel, 1-4-36, handgrip, 1-4-37, composite structure support, 1-4-38, unit head drive motor and decelerator, 1-4-39, master Support gear, 1-4-40 unit head directive wheel, 1-4-41, main shaft, 1-4-42, main shaft drives motor, 1-4-43, gooseneck, 1- 4-44, unit head main body, 1-4-45, posture adjustment guide rail, 1-4-46, adjustment block, 1-4-47 latch segment, 1-4-48, clamping screw, 1- 4-49, gear groove, 1-4-50, gear block, 1-4-51, slide block matrix, 1-4-52, wellhead assembly vertical guide, 1-4-53, upper hinge Connect block, 1-4-54, oil cylinder is vertically driven, 1-4-55, lower hinged block, 1-4-56, conventional wellhead assembly, 1-4-57, browpiece, 1-4-58, laterally movable hinged block, 1-4-59, laterally driven oil cylinder, 1-4-60, laterally fixing hinged block, 1-4-61, well head are horizontal Direction guiding rail, 1-4-62, main support hinged block, 1-4-63, posture adjustment diagonal brace, 1-4-64, adjustment strutbeam, 1-4-65, upper adjustment strutbeam Hinged, 1-4-66, gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, 1-4-67, lower adjustment strutbeam are hinged, 1-4-68, adjustment oil cylinder, 1-4-69, roller B, 1-4-70, roller fixation hinged, 1-4-71, gooseneck adjustment section, 1-4-72, manipulator quarter butt, 1-4-73, manipulator stock, 1-4-74, double articulated structures;
2-1-1, power roller, 2-1-2, comb support, 2-1-3, front end supporting leg, 2-1-4, front end supporting leg roller, 2-1- 5th, front end supporting leg drives oil cylinder, and 2-1-6, front end hanger, 2-1-7, rear end hanger, 2-1-8, left side stir handle, 2-1-9, a left side Side driving lever drives oil cylinder, and 2-1-10, front end ejector sleeve drive oil cylinder, 2-1-11, front end ejector sleeve plate, 2-1-12, gathering sill, 2-1- 13rd, rear end supporting leg roller, 2-1-14, rear end supporting leg, 2-1-15, rear end plate directive wheel, 2-1-16, rear end supporting leg drive oil Cylinder, 2-1-17, front end guide groove, 2-1-18, rear end guide groove, 2-1-19, winch, 2-1-20, winch support, 2-1-21, drilling rod are propped up Handle stirred by frame, 2-1-22, right side, and 2-1-23, right side driving lever drive oil cylinder, and 2-1-24, rear end ejector sleeve drive oil cylinder, 2-1- 25th, rear end ejector sleeve plate, 2-1-26, front end plate directive wheel;
2-3-1, roller of continuous oil pipe, 2-3-2, rolling stand, 2-3-3, coiled tubing.
Specific embodiment
As shown in figs. 1-12 in embodiment, as Figure 1-3, a kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig, including main car Unit 1 and auxiliary car unit 2, main car unit 1 include vehicle-mounted chassis 1-3, onboard power systems 1-1, combined shaft frame system 1-4, The vehicle-mounted control system 1-2 of main car, auxiliary car unit 2 include the vehicle-mounted chassis 2-2 of semi-mounted, drilling rod tier pole move lever system comb part 2-1, Coiled tubing row injection system 2-3, the vehicle-mounted control system of auxiliary car, main car unit 1 can individually complete conventional single drilling well, super list Root drilling well and slant hole drilling operation, auxiliary car unit 2 is combined with main car unit 1 can complete continuous tubing drill well operations, main car Unit 1,2 liang of chassis of auxiliary car unit coordinate realizes single drilling well, three kinds of drillng operations of slant hole drilling and coiled tubing drilling;Main Coiled tubing injected system being provided with car unit 1 and drilling rod tier pole moving lever system and moves tube portion, coiled tubing arranges injection system 2-3 The two ends that lever system comb part 2-1 is separately positioned on the vehicle-mounted chassis 2-2 of semi-mounted, coiled tubing injection system are moved with drilling rod tier pole System, drilling rod tier pole move lever system and move tube portion, coiled tubing row injection system 2-3 and drilling rod tier pole shifting lever system comb part 2-1 Realize continuous tubing drill well operations;
Combined shaft frame system 1-4 includes drilling machine platform 1-4-7, rig floor supporting leg 1-4-15, main support 1-4-1, assistant support 1-4-2, upper posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-6, lower posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-4, support posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-12, derrick luffing posture adjusting system, well Mouth tubing string button processing system, wellhead protecting system, pinion and-rack lift system, continuous pipe injected system and drilling rod tier pole move bar System moves tube portion.
As shown in Fig. 4-12, drilling machine platform 1-4-7 lower end is provided with four rig floor supporting leg 1-4-15, drilling machine platform 1-4-7 Well head unit 1-4-8, main support 1-4-1 is provided below installed in the upper end of drilling machine platform 1-4-7, main support 1-4-1 is door Formula structure, the medium position of main support 1-4-1 both sides are all hinged with upper posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-6, and upper posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-6's is another End is hinged with the middle part of assistant support 1-4-2, and assistant support 1-4-2 is door type structure and is formed by square steel welding processing, The lower end both sides of assistant support 1-4-2 are all hinged with lower posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-4, and the other end of lower posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-4 is equal Hinged with drilling machine platform 1-4-7, main support 1-4-1, assistant support 1-4-2, upper posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-6, lower posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-4 forms two parallel parallelogram sturcutres, the middle part of the both sides of main support 1-4-1 door type structure all with support posture adjustment The end of the cylinder barrel of oil cylinder 1-4-12 is hinged, the middle part of the both sides of assistant support 1-4-2 door type structure all with support posture adjustment The end of the piston rod of oil cylinder 1-4-12 is hinged, when two side stand posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-12 piston rods stretch out, parallel four Side shape structure is launched, and upper posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-6 two ends are hinged solid with main support 1-4-1 and assistant support 1-4-2 respectively by bearing pin Fixed, lower posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-4 by bearing pin respectively with main support 1-4-1 and the hinged fixation of assistant support 1-4-2;
Derrick luffing posture adjusting system includes posture adjustment diagonal brace 1-4-63, jib lubbing mechanism 1-4-9, posture adjustment guide rail 1-4-45, adjustment Block 1-4-46, drilling machine platform 1-4-7, cushion block 1-4-14, rig floor supporting leg 1-4-15, posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-16 and assistant support supporting leg 1- 4-17, two rig floor supporting leg 1-4-15 near main car car body side are hinged with main car car body, and drilling machine platform 1-4-7 bottom is installed Platform attitude-adjusting unit, platform attitude-adjusting unit include cushion block 1-4-14, posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-16, rig floor supporting leg 1-4-15, posture adjustment oil One end of the piston rod of cylinder 1-4-16 installed in rig floor supporting leg 1-4-15 inside, the end of the cylinder barrel of posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-16 with Cushion block 1-4-14 is hinged, and the platform attitude-adjusting unit of four rig floor supporting leg 1-4-15 all adopts this structure, and four tune Appearance oil cylinder 1-4-16 is individually control elongation;Two symmetrical posture adjustment diagonal brace 1-4-63 one end respectively with main support 1-4- The both sides of 1 door type structure are hinged, the other end and two adjustment blocks 1-4- being symmetrically mounted on posture adjustment guide rail 1-4-45 46 is hinged, and on main car car body, adjustment block 1-4-46 includes clamping screw 1-4-48, lock to posture adjustment guide rail 1-4-45 Tight block 1-4-47, gear groove 1-4-49, gear block 1-4-50 and slide block matrix 1-4-51, gear groove 1-4-49 are uniformly arranged on tune On appearance guide rail 1-4-45, gear block 1-4-50 is arranged on by bearing pin in the groove of slide block matrix 1-4-51, slide block matrix 1-4-51 It is fixed on posture adjustment guide rail 1-4-45 by latch segment 1-4-47, latch segment 1-4-47 is by clamping screw 1-4-48 and slide block base Body 1-4-51 connects;Two symmetrical jib lubbing mechanism 1-4-9 one end are hinged with main car car body respectively, the other end respectively with In the middle part of main support 1-4-1, the both sides of door type structure are hinged, by adjusting adjustment block in the position of the gear groove of posture adjustment guide rail Put the spatial attitude that main support and assistant support can be adjusted with the attitude of platform attitude-adjusting unit, bored with adapting to conventional drilling and inclined shaft The different demands of well;
Wellhead column button processing system includes power head unit 1-4-11 and impact tong 1-4-20, power head unit 1-4-11 Including unit head drive motor and decelerator 1-4-38, unit head directive wheel 1-4-40, main shaft 1-4-41, main shaft drives motor 1- 4-42, gooseneck 1-4-43, main support gear 1-4-39 and unit head main body 1-4-44, unit head main body 1-4-44 both sides are distinguished Four structure identical unit head directive wheel 1-4-40 are symmetrically installed, unit head main body 1-4-44 both sides are respectively symmetrically installation two Unit head drive motor and decelerator 1-4-38, main support gear 1-4-39 is installed in unit head drive motor and decelerator 1-4- On 38 axle, the installing plate of impact tong 1-4-20 is fixedly mounted on the pithead position of drilling machine platform 1-4-7, and conventional drilling is straight with oblique During well drilling well, the upper shackle operation of drilling rod is completed by the cooperation of impact tong and power head unit;
Pinion and-rack lift system include main support tooth bar 1-4-10, power head unit 1-4-11, main support 1-4-1, Main support guide rail 1-4-18, inner side both sides all correspondences of main support 1-4-1 door type structure are installed with mutually isostructural main support tooth Bar 1-4-10, main support guide rail 1-4-18 are installed in the inner side of main support 1-4-1 door type structure, and are symmetrically mounted on two masters and prop up The both sides of frame tooth bar 1-4-10, power head unit 1-4-11 is installed in the inner side of main support 1-4-1 door type structure, power head unit The main support gear 1-4-39 of 1-4-11 both sides is divided with the main support tooth bar 1-4-10 on the inside of main support 1-4-1 door type structure both sides Dui Ying not engage, the unit head directive wheel 1-4-40 of power head unit 1-4-11 both sides is corresponded to respectively installed in main support 1-4-1 On the main support guide rail 1-4-18 of both sides, the main support guide rail 1-4-18 of both sides is distributed in corresponding two unit head directive wheel 1-4- 40 inner side, gooseneck 1-4-43 are connected in unit head main body 1-4-44 and with main shaft 1-4-41, by gooseneck 1- 4-43 can be passed through drilling fluid to main shaft 1-4-41 and drilling rod 1-4-13, and main shaft 1-4-41 is arranged on unit head main body 1-4-44 On, drilling rod 1-4-13, main shaft drives motor 1-4-42 are installed in unit head main body 1-4-44 in main shaft 1-4-41 end, main Shaft drive motor 1-4-42 drive shaft 1-4-41 is rotated, and realizes the rotation of drilling rod 1-4-13, by unit head drive motor and Decelerator 1-4-38 drives main support gear 1-4-39 to rotate and realizes power head unit 1-4-11 along main support tooth bar 1-4-10 side To movement, drilling and the lifting operation of drilling rod is realized;
Wellhead protecting system includes wellhead assembly vertical guide 1-4-52, upper hinged block 1-4-53, vertical driving oil cylinder 1- 4-54, lower hinged block 1-4-55, main support hinged block 1-4-62, routine wellhead assembly 1-4-56, browpiece 1-4-57, laterally Block 1-4-58, laterally laterally driven oil cylinder 1-4-59, fixing hinged block 1-4-60, well head cross slide way 1-4-61 is movably hinged, Wellhead protecting system is fixedly mounted on browpiece 1- installed in the bottom of drilling machine platform 1-4-7, conventional wellhead assembly 1-4-56 On 4-57, in well head cross slide way 1-4-61 direction, the laterally driven oil cylinder 1-4-59 of two groups of structure identicals, horizontal stroke is symmetrically installed with Browpiece 1-4-57 is realized along well head cross slide way 1-4- to being movably hinged block 1-4-58 and laterally fixing hinged block 1-4-60 61 movements, laterally driven oil cylinder 1-4-59 one end and the laterally movable hinged block 1-4- being fixedly mounted on browpiece 1-4-57 58 is hinged, and the other end is hinged with the horizontal fixing hinged block 1-4-60 being fixedly mounted in wellhead assembly vertical guide 1-4-52, Vertical one end for driving oil cylinder 1-4-54 and the lower hinged block 1-4-55 being fixedly mounted in wellhead assembly vertical guide 1-4-52 Hinged, the other end is hinged with the upper hinged block 1-4-53 being fixedly mounted on well head cross slide way 1-4-61, and well head is horizontal Direction guiding rail 1-4-61 is arranged in the guide-track groove of wellhead assembly vertical guide 1-4-52, in four wellhead assembly vertical guide 1-4- It is horizontal that upper hinged block 1-4-53, vertical driving oil cylinder 1-4-54, lower hinged block 1-4-55 and well head accordingly is separately installed with 52 Direction guiding rail 1-4-61, four wellhead assembly vertical guide 1-4-52 are respectively and fixedly installed on four rig floor supporting leg 1-4-15;
Continuous pipe injected system includes that complex function unit 1-4-3, coiled tubing injection head unit 1-4-19, injection head are propped up Frame 1-4-24, injection head drive oil cylinder 1-4-21, injection head guide rail 1-4-22 and roller 1-4-23, coiled tubing injection head unit The position of 1-4-19 is located at the top of impact tong 1-4-20, and the position of injection head guide rail 1-4-22 is located at the upper of impact tong 1-4-20 Side, injection head support frame 1-4-24 are located at the top of impact tong 1-4-20, and injection head drives the cylinder barrel end of oil cylinder 1-4-21 hinged At one end top of drilling machine platform 1-4-7, injection head drives the end of the piston rod of oil cylinder 1-4-21 and injection head support frame 1-4- 24 one end is hinged, and the both sides of injection head support frame 1-4-24 are symmetrically installed with four rolling 1-4-23, monosymmetric Four rolling 1-4-23 is symmetrically mounted on the injection head guide rail 1-4-22 of derrick both sides, coiled tubing injection head unit 1-4-19 On injection head support frame 1-4-24;Complex function unit 1-4-3 includes segment posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-25, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-26, guiding big section of 1-4-27 of arc, guiding arc segment 1-4-28, linkage section 1-4-29, manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-30, machine Tool hand 1-4-31, composite structure drive motor and decelerator 1-4-33, assistant support gear 1-4-34, directive wheel 1-4-35, compound Mechanism rack 1-4-37, adjustment strutbeam 1-4-64, the hinged 1-4-65 of upper adjustment strutbeam, gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-66, downward The hinged 1-4-67 of whole strutbeam, adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-68, roller 1-4-69, roller fix hinged 1-4-70, gooseneck adjustment section 1-4- 71, complex function unit 1-4-3 include coiled tubing posture adjustment functional areas and move pipe posture adjustment complex function area, move pipe posture adjustment and be combined work( Energy area includes segment posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-25, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-26, is oriented to big section of 1-4-27 of arc, is oriented to arc segment 1-4- 28th, linkage section 1-4-29, manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-30, manipulator 1-4-31, composite structure drive motor and decelerator 1- 4-33, assistant support gear 1-4-34, directive wheel 1-4-35, composite structure support 1-4-37, directive wheel 1-4-35 is installed in compound On mechanism rack 1-4-37, and directive wheel 1-4-35 mounted in pairs, peace is respectively symmetrically in the both sides of composite structure support 1-4-37 Equipped with six couples of directive wheel 1-4-35, the upper end that arc segment 1-4-28 is hinged on composite structure support 1-4-37, linkage section 1- is oriented to 4-29 is fixedly mounted on composite structure support 1-4-37 upper end, and segment posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-25 one end is hinged on composite structure support The middle part of 1-4-37, the other end are hinged on the middle part for being oriented to arc segment 1-4-28, are oriented to big section of 1-4-27 of arc and are hinged on compounding machine The upper end of structure support 1-4-37, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-26 one end are hinged on the middle part of composite structure support 1-4-37, another End is hinged on the middle part for being oriented to big section of 1-4-27 of arc, and big section of 1-4-27 of guiding arc and guiding arc segment 1-4-28 is respectively hinged at multiple The both sides of mechanism rack 1-4-37 are closed, composite structure drive motor and decelerator 1-4-33, assistant support gear 1-4-34 composition are climbed Drive mechanism is risen, assistant support gear 1-4-34 is arranged on the axle of composite structure drive motor and decelerator 1-4-33, compounding machine , on composite structure support 1-4-37, the both sides of linkage section 1-4-29 are respectively symmetrically for structure drive motor and decelerator 1-4-33 Drive mechanism of climbing is installed, manipulator 1-4-31 end lower hinge is in the bottom of composite structure support 1-4-37, manipulator 1-4-31 upper end is hinged with one end of manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-30, the other end hinge of manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-30 It is connected on the middle part of composite structure support 1-4-37;Coiled tubing posture adjustment functional areas include to adjust strutbeam 1-4-64, upper adjustment strutbeam Hinged 1-4-65, gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-66, the hinged 1-4-67 of lower adjustment strutbeam, adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-68, roller 1-4- 69th, roller fixes hinged 1-4-70, gooseneck adjustment section 1-4-71, and adjustment strutbeam 1-4-64 is fixedly mounted on main support 1-4-1, The upper hinged 1-4-65 of strutbeam that adjusts is arranged on the top of adjustment strutbeam 1-4-64 and is adjusted the cylinder barrel of oil cylinder 1-4-66 with gooseneck section End is hinged, and the middle part of the cylinder barrel of gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-66 is hinged on one with one end of adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-68 Rise, the top of the piston rod of gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-66 is fixed in gooseneck adjustment section 1-4-71, adjusts oil cylinder 1-4-68 Hinged with adjustment strutbeam 1-4-64 by the hinged 1-4-67 of lower adjustment strutbeam, the lower hinged 1-4-67 of strutbeam that adjusts fixes peace The bottom of adjustment strutbeam 1-4-68 is mounted in, the end of gooseneck adjustment section 1-4-71 is along the track camber line side of gooseneck adjustment section 1-4-71 To two roller 1-4-69 are respectively articulated with, spacing between two roller 1-4-69, is left, roller 1-4-70 is fixed and is hinged on gooseneck The both sides of the track of adjustment section 1-4-71, set in the gooseneck adjustment section track between gooseneck adjustment section 1-4-71 and roller 1-4-69 Coiled tubing 2-3-3 is equipped with, and the extension elongation adjustment goose of oil cylinder 1-4-66, adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-68 is adjusted by adjusting gooseneck section The attitude of neck adjustment section 1-4-71;The end of manipulator 1-4-31 is provided with the two ends difference of crossbeam 1-4-32, crossbeam 1-4-32 Handgrip 1-4-36 is installed, manipulator quarter butt 1-4-72 is installed between manipulator 1-4-31 and crossbeam 1-4-32 and machinery is pushing Bar 1-4-73;
Drilling rod tier pole move lever system move tube portion include complex function unit 1-4-3, assistant support 1-4-2, handgrip 1-4-36, Assistant support tooth bar 1-4-5.
In another embodiment as shown in Fig. 3, Figure 16, Figure 19, coiled tubing arranges injection system 2-3 and coiled tubing injected system Composition coiled tubing system, completes continuous oil pipe operation, coiled tubing system by cooperation of the main car unit 1 with auxiliary car unit 2 Including roller of continuous oil pipe 2-3-1, coiled tubing 2-3-3, complex function unit 1-4-3 and injection head unit 1-4-19, continuously Oil pipe row injection system 2-3 includes that rolling stand 2-3-2 and roller of continuous oil pipe 2-3-1, rolling stand 2-3-2 are symmetrically mounted on half Trailer carries the both sides of chassis 2-2, and roller of continuous oil pipe 2-3-1 is arranged on rolling stand 2-3-2, complex function unit 1-4-3 On coiled tubing guiding mechanism is installed, injection head unit 1-4-19 on drilling machine platform 1-4-7, when carrying out coiled tubing During operation, injection head drives hydraulic oil cylinder driving injection head to reach pithead position, and composite structure drive motor and decelerator drive secondary Frame pinion rotation, composite structure is risen be raised to after correct position and locks, and segment posture adjustment oil cylinder, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder stretch out, gooseneck Section adjusts oil cylinder, adjustment cylinder action and forms coiled tubing gooseneck track, adjusts gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, adjusts the flexible of oil cylinder Length causes coiled tubing to reach most suitable injection state, injection head action, completes injection and lifting of coiled tubing etc. even The work of continuous tubing drilling, is moved up and down and adjust gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, adjusts the collapsing length of oil cylinder by composite structure The requirement of the different injection radius of curvature of different tube diameters coiled tubing is adapted to, coiled tubing system achieves coiled tubing Cylinder, coiled tubing injection head, coiled tubing curvature produce the separation of structure, according to the coiled tubing of different tube diameters to continuous oil The requirement of pipe different curvature radius, produces the distance of structure, adjustment gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, adjustment by adjusting cylinder and curvature The attitude of the length adjustment gooseneck adjustment section that stretches out of oil cylinder is realized the injection of different curvature radius coiled tubing and is required.
In another embodiment as shown in Figure 18,19 and 20, drilling rod tier pole moves lever system comb part includes pipe racking device, strand Car 2-1-19, winch support 2-1-20 and drill rod rack 2-1-21, winch 2-1-19 are arranged on winch support 2-1-20, winch Installed in the end top of the vehicle-mounted chassis 2-2 of semi-mounted, during transport, drill rod rack is placed in auxiliary car car body top to support 2-1-20 Both sides, when moving pipe comb, drill rod rack is placed in the both sides of pipe racking device, and pipe racking device includes that power roller 2-1-1, comb are propped up Frame 2-1-2, front end supporting leg 2-1-3, front end supporting leg roller 2-1-4, front end supporting leg drive oil cylinder 2-1-5, rear end supporting leg to drive oil Cylinder 2-1-16, front end hanger 2-1-6, rear end hanger 2-1-7, left side stir handle 2-1-8, left side driving lever drive oil cylinder 2-1-9, Front end ejector sleeve drives oil cylinder 2-1-10, rear end ejector sleeve to drive oil cylinder 2-1-24, front end ejector sleeve plate 2-1-11, rear end ejector sleeve plate 2-1-25, gathering sill 2-1-12, rear end supporting leg roller 2-1-13, rear end supporting leg 2-1-14, front end plate directive wheel 2-1-26, after Handle 2-1-22, right side driving lever are stirred in end plate directive wheel 2-1-15, front end guide groove 2-1-17, rear end guide groove 2-1-18, right side , installed in the front end of comb support 2-1-2, rear end hanger 2-1-7 is arranged on comb to drive oil cylinder 2-1-23, front end hanger 2-1-6 The rear end of support 2-1-2, installs below the front end of comb support 2-1-2 and respectively dynamic roller 2-1-1 below rear end, and front end is propped up One end of leg 2-1-3 is hinged on comb support 2-1-2, and the other end is provided with front end supporting leg roller 2-1-4, rear end supporting leg 2-1- 14 one end is hinged on comb support 2-1-2, and the other end is provided with rear end supporting leg roller 2-1-13, and front end supporting leg drives oil cylinder One end of 2-1-5 is hinged on comb support 2-1-2, and the other end is hinged with front end supporting leg 2-1-3, and rear end supporting leg drives One end of oil cylinder 2-1-16 is hinged on comb support 2-1-2, and the other end is hinged with rear end supporting leg 2-1-14, and front end pushes away Pipe drives one end of oil cylinder 2-1-10 hinged with comb support 2-1-2, and the other end is connected with front end ejector sleeve plate 2-1-11 It is connected together, one end of rear end ejector sleeve driving oil cylinder 2-1-24 is hinged with comb support 2-1-2, and the other end is pushed away with rear end Pipe plate 2-1-25 links together, and is provided with roller in ejector sleeve plate, and roller is in guide groove;Gathering sill 2-1-12 is installed At the middle part of comb support 2-1-2, the two ends of gathering sill 2-1-12 are separately installed with that handle 2-1-8 is stirred in left side and right side is dialled Fixed handle 2-1-22, handle 2-1-8 is stirred in left side and right side is stirred one end of handle 2-1-22 and cut with scissors with comb support 2-1-2 respectively It is connected together, the other end of handle 2-1-8 is stirred in left side and left side driving lever drives one end of oil cylinder 2-1-9 hinged, right The other end of handle 2-1-22 is stirred in side and right side driving lever drives one end of oil cylinder 2-1-23 hinged, and left side driving lever drives Oil cylinder 2-1-9 and right side driving lever drive one end of oil cylinder 2-1-23 hinged with comb support respectively, and left side driving lever drives Oil cylinder 2-1-9 and right side driving lever drive one end of oil cylinder 2-1-23 hinged with comb support respectively.
In another embodiment as shown in Figure 16,17, drilling rod tier pole moves lever system shifting tube portion includes complex function unit 1- 4-3, assistant support 1-4-2, handgrip 1-4-36, assistant support tooth bar 1-4-5, complex function unit 1-4-3 include segment posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-25, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-26, guiding big section of 1-4-27 of arc, guiding arc segment 1-4-28, linkage section 1-4-29, machinery Hand adjustment appearance oil cylinder 1-4-30, manipulator 1-4-31, composite structure drive motor and decelerator 1-4-33, assistant support gear 1-4- 34th, directive wheel 1-4-35, composite structure support 1-4-37, adjustment strutbeam 1-4-64, the hinged 1-4-65 of upper adjustment strutbeam, gooseneck section Adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-66, the hinged 1-4-67 of lower adjustment strutbeam, adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-68, roller 1-4-69, roller fix hinged 1- 4-70, gooseneck adjustment section 1-4-71, complex function unit 1-4-3 include coiled tubing posture adjustment functional areas and move pipe posture adjustment to be combined work( Energy area, moving pipe posture adjustment complex function area includes segment posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-25, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-26, is oriented to big section of 1- of arc 4-27, guiding arc segment 1-4-28, linkage section 1-4-29, manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-30, manipulator 1-4-31, composite structure Drive motor and decelerator 1-4-33, assistant support gear 1-4-34, directive wheel 1-4-35, composite structure support 1-4-37, are oriented to Wheel 1-4-35 is on composite structure support 1-4-37, and directive wheel 1-4-35 mounted in pairs, in composite structure support 1-4- 37 both sides are respectively symmetrically and are provided with six couples of directive wheel 1-4-35, are oriented to arc segment 1-4-28 and are hinged on composite structure support 1-4- 37 upper end, linkage section 1-4-29 are fixedly mounted on composite structure support 1-4-37 upper end, segment posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-25 one end The middle part of composite structure support 1-4-37 is hinged on, the other end is hinged on the middle part for being oriented to arc segment 1-4-28, is oriented to big section of arc 1-4-27 is hinged on the upper end of composite structure support 1-4-37, and big section posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-26 one end is hinged on composite structure support The middle part of 1-4-37, the other end are hinged on the middle part for being oriented to big section of 1-4-27 of arc, are oriented to big section of 1-4-27 of arc and are oriented to arc segment 1-4-28 is respectively hinged at the both sides of composite structure support 1-4-37, composite structure drive motor and decelerator 1-4-33, pair Frame gear 1-4-34 constitutes drive mechanism of climbing, and assistant support gear 1-4-34 is installed in composite structure drive motor and decelerator 1- On the axle of 4-33, composite structure drive motor and decelerator 1-4-33 are arranged on composite structure support 1-4-37, linkage section 1- The both sides of 4-29 are respectively symmetrically and are provided with drive mechanism of climbing, and manipulator 1-4-31 end lower hinge is in composite structure support 1- The bottom of 4-37, manipulator 1-4-31 upper end are hinged with one end of manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder 1-4-30, manipulator posture adjustment oil The other end of cylinder 1-4-30 is hinged on the middle part of composite structure support 1-4-37;The end of manipulator 1-4-31 is provided with crossbeam 1- The two ends of 4-32, crossbeam 1-4-32 are separately installed with handgrip 1-4-36.
In another embodiment as shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 9, impact tong 1-4-20 and power head unit 1-4-11 cooperation completes drilling rod Upper shackle operation, the upper shackle method of drilling rod:Impact tong 1-4-20 and power head unit 1-4-11 are used in combination, impact tong 1- 4-20 is clamped, shackle in power head unit 1-4-11 realization, and while upper shackle, the unit head of power head unit 1-4-11 drives Dynamic motor and decelerator 1-4-38 action, drive main support gear 1-4-39 rotation, realize power head unit 1-4-11 along main Frame tooth bar 1-4-18 is moved up and down, shackle screw thread compensation in realization.
As shown in figure 15 in another embodiment, upper posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-6 two ends respectively with main support 1-4-1 and assistant support 1- 4-2 hinged place is provided with double articulated structure 1-4-74, lower posture adjustment strutbeam 1-4-4 two ends respectively with drilling machine platform 1-4-7 and pair Support 1-4-2 hinged place is provided with double articulated structure 1-4-74.
Operation principle:
1st, migration scheme
Package unit will be loaded on main car and auxiliary car and migrate.
Unit head, upper shackle device, wellhead assembly, support, pipe racking device, operation device etc. are connected to derrick by structure On, linked with derrick by the adjustment of amplitude oil cylinder, during migration, adjusted by amplitude oil cylinder, unit head, upper shackle device, well Mouth device, support, pipe racking device, operation device etc. are placed horizontally on main car with derrick, are moved with main car.
2nd, single brill vertical shaft and horizontal well
Workflow:When main car unit moves to pithead position, such as Figure 13, amplitude oil cylinder stretch out, by derrick and base Rotate to vertical state, rig substructure support oil cylinder stretches out positioning, upper shackle device and preventer group etc. are with derrick and bottom automatically Seat is rotated together with to vertical state, and then stand extend out to vertical state and stretches out supporting leg positioning, and now auxiliary car is moved to specified Position, puts down tube pulling mechanism, and launches, as illustrated, during work, tube pulling mechanism pushes single drill pipe on horizontal circular pipes, machine Tool arm is put in place along door case type stand is descending under motor driving, and manipulator captures drilling rod, and puts in place with mechanical arm is up, now Under the driving of hydraulic cylinder, mechanical arm is rotated 90 °, and drilling rod is delivered to well head center, and now unit head rotation is connected with drilling rod, is connect Complete single after, under the driving of motor, the tooth bar that surveys along derrick is descending for the gear on unit head, carries out single brill vertical shaft and water Horizontal well.
3rd, single off-angle drilling
Workflow:When main car unit moves to pithead position, such as Figure 14, amplitude oil cylinder stretch out, by derrick and base Rotate to specified angle, rig substructure support oil cylinder stretches out positioning, upper shackle device and preventer group etc. are with derrick and bottom automatically Seat is rotated together with to designated state, and then stand extend out to specified angle and stretches out supporting leg positioning, and auxiliary car unit is moved to specified Position, puts down tube pulling mechanism, and launches, and now drill central becomes specified gradient with ground, you can carry out single off-angle drilling.Work When, tube pulling mechanism pushes single drill pipe on horizontal circular pipes, and mechanical arm is put in place along door case type stand is descending under motor driving, Manipulator captures drilling rod, and puts in place with mechanical arm is up, and now under the driving of hydraulic cylinder, mechanical arm rotates specified angle, will Well head center delivered to by drilling rod, and now unit head rotation is connected with drilling rod, connect single after, gear on unit head is in the drive of motor Under dynamic, the tooth bar that surveys along derrick is descending, carries out single off-angle drilling.
4th, continuous pipe drilling well
As Figure 16, continuous tubing drill well operations are by continuous pipe row's injection system, coiled tubing injected system, the shifting of drilling rod tier pole Lever system comb part and drilling rod tier pole move lever system shifting tube portion and complete jointly, when continuous oil pipe operation is carried out, injection head Hydraulic oil cylinder driving injection head is driven to reach pithead position, composite structure drive motor and decelerator drive assistant support pinion rotation, will Composite structure rises after being raised to correct position and locks, and segment posture adjustment oil cylinder, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder stretch out, gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, tune Whole cylinder action forms coiled tubing gooseneck track, adjusts gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, the collapsing length of adjustment oil cylinder and causes continuously Oil pipe reaches most suitable injection state, and injection head action completes the coiled tubing drilling work such as injection and lifting of coiled tubing Make, gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder is moved up and down and adjust by composite structure, adjusts being adapted to not of collapsing length of oil cylinder With the requirement of the different injection radius of curvature of caliber coiled tubing, coiled tubing system achieves roller of continuous oil pipe, continuous oil Tube injection head, coiled tubing curvature produce the separation of structure, according to the coiled tubing of different tube diameters to coiled tubing different curvature The requirement of radius, produces the distance of structure, adjustment gooseneck section and adjusts oil cylinder, adjusts stretching out for oil cylinder by adjusting cylinder and curvature The attitude of length adjustment gooseneck adjustment section realize the injection of different curvature radius coiled tubing and require in drilling process using tooth The single drilling top layer well section of wheel tooth bar drilling equipment and casing job, carry out below top layer using coiled tubing drilling equipment Drillng operation, injection head installed in rig floor horizontal rail on, by oil cylinder pushing realize injection head move to borehole axis and Action away from axis.When above injection head moves to well, continuous oil pipe operation can be carried out, when injection head moves apart well During position, borehole position is occupied by unit head, then can carry out conventional drilling and casing job.
5th, workover treatment
The rig can be by changing different downhole tools, for workover treatments such as pressure break, pickling.
6th, Automated condtrol
The systems such as pipe lifting, drilling, rotation, mud circulation are controlled using enclosed, can achieve main drilling parameter electrodeless Adjust, to adapt to Different Strata geological state, and with automatic bit feed function.The height of rig automation degree is ultimately depended on All component shares the ability of information.Filtration that this needs various pieces and processing procedure automatic, synchronous, screening mass data are simultaneously Take corresponding measure.In order to effectively using these data, automatic, appropriate reply drilling conditions, need the association of whole system With personnel, instrument, equipment and information are combined by the proper time that is, during drilling well.The rig will be realized arranging automatically Manage, go up automatically shackle, automatic well depth survey, automatic bit feed, monitoring, automatic off-line operation etc. automatically.
7th, automatic bit feed
According to the geological conditions of Different Strata, moved up and down along tooth bar by motor driving gear, carry out corrective action and boring The pressure of the drill on head, and drilling torque and rotating speed are adjusted by rotation motor, to ensure optimal drilling quality.
8th, Off-line control
Rig floor is provided with a complete set of operation program control command, adopts wireless communication mode between offline joystick control and control system, Regulation and control can be participated in offline joystick control manually, manual manipulation can be put entirely.
Above-mentioned specific embodiment is only the concrete case of the present invention, and the scope of patent protection of the present invention is included but is not limited to The product form of above-mentioned specific embodiment and style, the multi-functional full-automatic company of any one kind for meeting claims of the present invention Appropriate change or modification that continuous pipe rig and any person of an ordinary skill in the technical field are done to which, should all fall into this Bright scope of patent protection.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig, including main car unit(1)With auxiliary car unit(2), it is characterised in that:Described Main car unit(1)Including vehicle-mounted chassis(1-3), onboard power systems(1-1), combined shaft frame system(1-4), main car vehicle-mounted Control system(1-2), described auxiliary car unit(2)Including the vehicle-mounted chassis of semi-mounted(2-2), drilling rod tier pole move lever system comb part (2-1), coiled tubing row injection system(2-3), the vehicle-mounted control system of auxiliary car, main car unit(1)Individually can complete conventional single Drilling well, super single drilling well and slant hole drilling operation, auxiliary car unit(2)With main car unit(1)In conjunction with continuous oil can be completed Pipe drillng operation, main car unit(1), auxiliary car unit(2)Two chassis coordinate realizes single drilling well, slant hole drilling and coiled tubing Three kinds of drillng operations of drilling well;Described main car unit(1)On be provided with coiled tubing injected system and drilling rod tier pole and move lever system Tube portion is moved, described coiled tubing arranges injection system(2-3)Lever system comb part is moved with drilling rod tier pole(2-1)It is separately positioned on The vehicle-mounted chassis of semi-mounted(2-2)Two ends, described coiled tubing injected system, drilling rod tier pole move lever system and move tube portion, continuous Injection system arranged by oil pipe(2-3)Lever system comb part is moved with drilling rod tier pole(2-1)Realize continuous tubing drill well operations;
Described combined shaft frame system(1-4)Including drilling machine platform(1-4-7), rig floor supporting leg(1-4-15), main support(1-4- 1), assistant support(1-4-2), upper posture adjustment strutbeam(1-4-6), lower posture adjustment strutbeam(1-4-4), support posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-12), well Frame luffing posture adjusting system, wellhead column buckle processing system, wellhead protecting system, pinion and-rack lift system, the injection of continuous pipe System and drilling rod tier pole move lever system and move tube portion;
Described drilling machine platform(1-4-7)Lower end is provided with four rig floor supporting legs(1-4-15), described drilling machine platform(1-4-7) Well head unit is provided below(1-4-8), described main support(1-4-1)Installed in drilling machine platform(1-4-7)Upper end, described Main support(1-4-1)For door type structure, described main support(1-4-1)The medium position of both sides all with upper posture adjustment strutbeam(1- 4-6)Hinged, described upper posture adjustment strutbeam(1-4-6)The other end and assistant support(1-4-2)Middle part hinged, described Assistant support(1-4-2)Form for door type structure and by square steel welding processing, described assistant support(1-4-2)Lower end both sides All with lower posture adjustment strutbeam(1-4-4)Hinged, described lower posture adjustment strutbeam(1-4-4)The other end all and drilling machine platform (1-4-7)Hinged, described main support(1-4-1), assistant support(1-4-2), upper posture adjustment strutbeam(1-4-6), lower posture adjustment Strutbeam(1-4-4)Form two parallel parallelogram sturcutres, described main support(1-4-1)In the both sides of door type structure Portion all with support posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-12)Cylinder barrel hinged, the described assistant support in end(1-4-2)Door type structure Both sides middle part all with support posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-12)Piston rod end hinged, two side stand posture adjustment oil cylinders (1-4-12)When piston rod stretches out, parallelogram sturcutre launches, described upper posture adjustment strutbeam(1-4-6)Two ends are divided by bearing pin Not and main support(1-4-1)And assistant support(1-4-2)Hinged fixation, described lower posture adjustment strutbeam(1-4-4)Distinguished by bearing pin With main support(1-4-1)And assistant support(1-4-2)Hinged fixation;
Described derrick luffing posture adjusting system includes posture adjustment diagonal brace(1-4-63), jib lubbing mechanism(1-4-9), posture adjustment guide rail(1-4- 45), adjustment block(1-4-46), drilling machine platform(1-4-7), cushion block(1-4-14), rig floor supporting leg(1-4-15), posture adjustment oil cylinder(1- 4-16)With assistant support supporting leg(1-4-17), near two rig floor supporting legs of main car car body side(1-4-15)Cut with scissors with main car car body Connect, described drilling machine platform(1-4-7)Bottom mounting platform attitude-adjusting unit, described platform attitude-adjusting unit include cushion block(1-4- 14), posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-16), rig floor supporting leg(1-4-15), described posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-16)Piston rod one end peace It is mounted in rig floor supporting leg(1-4-15)Inside, described posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-16)The end of cylinder barrel and cushion block(1-4-14)Hinge It is connected together, four rig floor supporting legs(1-4-15)Platform attitude-adjusting unit all adopt this structure, and four posture adjustment oil cylinders(1-4- 16)For individually control elongation;Two symmetrical posture adjustment diagonal braces(1-4-63)One end respectively with main support(1-4-1)Gate-type The both sides of structure are hinged, the other end be symmetrically mounted on posture adjustment guide rail(1-4-45)On two adjustment blocks(1-4-46) Hinged, described posture adjustment guide rail(1-4-45)On main car car body, described adjustment block(1-4-46)Including lock Tight bolt(1-4-48), latch segment(1-4-47), gear groove(1-4-49), gear block(1-4-50)With slide block matrix(1-4- 51), described gear groove(1-4-49)It is uniformly arranged on posture adjustment guide rail(1-4-45)On, described gear block(1-4-50)Pass through Bearing pin is arranged on slide block matrix(1-4-51)Groove in, described slide block matrix(1-4-51)By latch segment(1-4-47)Fixing In posture adjustment guide rail(1-4-45)On, described latch segment(1-4-47)By clamping screw(1-4-48)With slide block matrix(1-4- 51)Connection;Two symmetrical jib lubbing mechanisms(1-4-9)One end is hinged with main car car body respectively, the other end respectively with master Support(1-4-1)The both sides of middle part door type structure are hinged, by adjusting adjustment block in the position of the gear groove of posture adjustment guide rail Put the spatial attitude that main support and assistant support can be adjusted with the attitude of platform attitude-adjusting unit, bored with adapting to conventional drilling and inclined shaft The different demands of well;
Described wellhead column button processing system includes power head unit(1-4-11)And impact tong(1-4-20), described power Head unit(1-4-11)Including unit head drive motor and decelerator(1-4-38), unit head directive wheel(1-4-40), main shaft(1- 4-41), main shaft drives motor(1-4-42), gooseneck(1-4-43), main support gear(1-4-39)With unit head main body(1-4- 44), described unit head main body(1-4-44)Both sides are respectively symmetrically four structure identical unit head directive wheels of installation(1-4- 40), described unit head main body(1-4-44)Both sides are respectively symmetrically two unit head drive motors of installation and decelerator(1-4- 38), described main support gear(1-4-39)Installed in unit head drive motor and decelerator(1-4-38)Axle on, described Impact tong(1-4-20)Installing plate be fixedly mounted on drilling machine platform(1-4-7)Pithead position, conventional drilling and deviated wells are bored During well, the upper shackle operation of drilling rod is completed by the cooperation of impact tong and power head unit;
Described pinion and-rack lift system includes main support tooth bar(1-4-10), power head unit(1-4-11), main support (1-4-1), main support guide rail(1-4-18), described main support(1-4-1)The inner side both sides of door type structure all correspondences are installed with Mutually isostructural main support tooth bar(1-4-10), described main support guide rail(1-4-18)Installed in main support(1-4-1)Gate-type The inner side of structure, and it is symmetrically mounted on two main support tooth bars(1-4-10)Both sides, described power head unit(1-4-11) Installed in main support(1-4-1)The inner side of door type structure, described power head unit(1-4-11)The main support gear of both sides(1- 4-39)With main support(1-4-1)Main support tooth bar on the inside of door type structure both sides(1-4-10)Corresponding engagement respectively, described is dynamic Power head unit(1-4-11)The unit head directive wheel of both sides(1-4-40)Correspond to installed in main support respectively(1-4-1)The master of both sides Support guide(1-4-18)On, the main support guide rail of both sides(1-4-18)It is distributed in corresponding two unit head directive wheels(1-4-40) Inner side, described gooseneck(1-4-43)Installed in unit head main body(1-4-44)Upper and and main shaft(1-4-41)Connection, leads to Cross gooseneck(1-4-43)Can be to main shaft(1-4-41)And drilling rod(1-4-13)It is passed through drilling fluid, described main shaft(1-4-41) Installed in unit head main body(1-4-44)On, described main shaft(1-4-41)Drilling rod is installed in end(1-4-13), described main shaft Drive motor(1-4-42)Installed in unit head main body(1-4-44)On, described main shaft drives motor(1-4-42)Drive shaft (1-4-41)Rotate, realize drilling rod(1-4-13)Rotation, by unit head drive motor and decelerator(1-4-38)Drive master Support gear(1-4-39)Power head unit is realized in rotation(1-4-11)Along main support tooth bar(1-4-10)Direction is moved, and realizes boring The drilling of bar and lifting operation;
Described wellhead protecting system includes wellhead assembly vertical guide(1-4-52), upper hinged block(1-4-53), vertical drive Oil cylinder(1-4-54), lower hinged block(1-4-55), main support hinged block(1-4-62), conventional wellhead assembly(1-4-56), well head Support(1-4-57), laterally movable hinged block(1-4-58), laterally driven oil cylinder(1-4-59), laterally fix hinged block(1-4- 60), well head cross slide way(1-4-61), described wellhead protecting system is installed in drilling machine platform(1-4-7)Bottom, described Conventional wellhead assembly(1-4-56)It is fixedly mounted on browpiece(1-4-57)On, in well head cross slide way(1-4-61)Direction, It is symmetrically installed with the laterally driven oil cylinder of two groups of structure identicals(1-4-59), laterally movable hinged block(1-4-58)Fixing with horizontal Hinged block(1-4-60)Realize browpiece(1-4-57)Along well head cross slide way(1-4-61)Mobile, described laterally driven oil Cylinder(1-4-59)One end be fixedly mounted on browpiece(1-4-57)On laterally movable hinged block(1-4-58)Hinged, another Hold and be fixedly mounted on wellhead assembly vertical guide(1-4-52)On horizontal fixing hinged block(1-4-60)Hinged, described is perpendicular To driving oil cylinder(1-4-54)One end be fixedly mounted on wellhead assembly vertical guide(1-4-52)On lower hinged block(1-4- 55)Hinged, the other end be fixedly mounted on well head cross slide way(1-4-61)On upper hinged block(1-4-53)It is hinged, Described well head cross slide way(1-4-61)Installed in wellhead assembly vertical guide(1-4-52)Guide-track groove in, in four well heads Device vertical guide(1-4-52)Accordingly upper hinged block is inside separately installed with(1-4-53), vertically drive oil cylinder(1-4-54)、 Lower hinged block(1-4-55)With well head cross slide way(1-4-61), four wellhead assembly vertical guide(1-4-52)Peace is fixed respectively It is mounted in four rig floor supporting legs(1-4-15)On;
Described continuous pipe injected system includes complex function unit(1-4-3), coiled tubing injection head unit(1-4-19), note Enter head bracket(1-4-24), injection head drive oil cylinder(1-4-21), injection head guide rail(1-4-22)With roller A(1-4-23), institute The coiled tubing injection head unit that states(1-4-19)Position be located at impact tong(1-4-20)Top, described injection head guide rail (1-4-22)Position be located at impact tong(1-4-20)Top, described injection head support frame(1-4-24)Positioned at impact tong(1- 4-20)Top, described injection head drives oil cylinder(1-4-21)Cylinder barrel end be hinged on drilling machine platform(1-4-7)One end Top, described injection head drive oil cylinder(1-4-21)The end of piston rod and injection head support frame(1-4-24)One end hinged Together, described injection head support frame(1-4-24)Both sides be symmetrically installed with four rolling A(1-4-23), monosymmetric four Individual roller A(1-4-23)It is symmetrically mounted on the injection head guide rail of derrick both sides(1-4-22)On, described coiled tubing injection head Unit(1-4-19)Installed in injection head support frame(1-4-24)On;Described complex function unit(1-4-3)Including segment posture adjustment Oil cylinder(1-4-25), big section posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-26), be oriented to big section of arc(1-4-27), be oriented to arc segment(1-4-28), connection Section(1-4-29), manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-30), manipulator(1-4-31), composite structure drive motor and decelerator(1- 4-33), assistant support gear(1-4-34), directive wheel(1-4-35), composite structure support(1-4-37), adjustment strutbeam(1-4- 64), upper adjustment strutbeam hinged(1-4-65), gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-66), the lower adjustment hinged 1-4-67 of strutbeam, adjustment oil Cylinder(1-4-68), roller B(1-4-69), roller fix hinged(1-4-70), gooseneck adjustment section(1-4-71), described compound work( Can unit(1-4-3)Including coiled tubing posture adjustment functional areas and shifting pipe posture adjustment complex function area, described shifting pipe posture adjustment is combined work( Energy area includes segment posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-25), big section posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-26), be oriented to big section of arc(1-4-27), be oriented to arc little Section(1-4-28), linkage section(1-4-29), manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-30), manipulator(1-4-31), composite structure drive Motor and decelerator(1-4-33), assistant support gear(1-4-34), directive wheel(1-4-35), composite structure support(1-4-37), Described directive wheel(1-4-35)Installed in composite structure support(1-4-37)On, and directive wheel(1-4-35)Mounted in pairs, Composite structure support(1-4-37)Both sides be respectively symmetrically six pairs of directive wheels be installed(1-4-35), described guiding arc segment (1-4-28)It is hinged on composite structure support(1-4-37)Upper end, described linkage section(1-4-29)It is fixedly mounted on compounding machine Structure support(1-4-37)Upper end, described segment posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-25)One end is hinged on composite structure support(1-4-37)'s Middle part, the other end are hinged on guiding arc segment(1-4-28)Middle part, big section of described guiding arc(1-4-27)It is hinged on compound Mechanism rack(1-4-37)Upper end, described big section posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-26)One end is hinged on composite structure support(1-4- 37)Middle part, the other end be hinged on guiding big section of arc(1-4-27)Middle part, big section of described guiding arc(1-4-27)And guiding Arc segment(1-4-28)It is respectively hinged at composite structure support(1-4-37)Both sides, described composite structure drive motor and subtract Fast device(1-4-33), assistant support gear(1-4-34)Composition climbs drive mechanism, described assistant support gear(1-4-34)Install In composite structure drive motor and decelerator(1-4-33)Axle on, described composite structure drive motor and decelerator(1-4- 33)Installed in composite structure support(1-4-37)On, described linkage section(1-4-29)Both sides be respectively symmetrically to be provided with and climb Drive mechanism, described manipulator(1-4-31)End lower hinge is in composite structure support(1-4-37)Bottom, described Manipulator(1-4-31)Upper end and manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-30)Hinged, the described manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder in one end (1-4-30)The other end be hinged on composite structure support(1-4-37)Middle part;Described coiled tubing posture adjustment functional areas include Adjustment strutbeam(1-4-64), upper adjustment strutbeam hinged(1-4-65), gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-66), lower adjustment strutbeam hinged (1-4-67), adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-68), roller B(1-4-69), roller fix hinged(1-4-70), gooseneck adjustment section(1-4- 71), described adjustment strutbeam(1-4-64)It is fixedly mounted on main support(1-4-1)On, described upper adjustment strutbeam is hinged(1-4- 65)Installed in adjustment strutbeam(1-4-64)Top and with gooseneck section adjust oil cylinder(1-4-66)Cylinder barrel end be hinged on one Rise, described gooseneck section adjusts oil cylinder(1-4-66)Cylinder barrel middle part with adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-68)One end be hinged on one Rise, described gooseneck section adjusts oil cylinder(1-4-66)The top of piston rod be fixed on gooseneck adjustment section(1-4-71)On, described Adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-68)Hinged by lower adjustment strutbeam(1-4-67)With adjustment strutbeam(1-4-64)Hinged, described Lower adjustment strutbeam hinged(1-4-67)It is fixedly mounted on adjustment strutbeam(1-4-68)Bottom, described gooseneck adjustment section(1- 4-71)End along gooseneck adjustment section(1-4-71)Track arc direction be respectively articulated with two roller B(1-4-69), described Two roller B(1-4-69)Between leave spacing, described roller B(1-4-69)Fixation is hinged on gooseneck adjustment section(1-4-71) Track both sides, described gooseneck adjustment section(1-4-71)With roller B(1-4-69)Between gooseneck adjustment section track in set It is equipped with coiled tubing(2-3-3), oil cylinder is adjusted by adjusting gooseneck section(1-4-66), adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-68)Extension elongation Adjustment gooseneck adjustment section(1-4-71)Attitude;Described manipulator(1-4-31)End crossbeam is installed(1-4-32), institute The crossbeam that states(1-4-32)Two ends be separately installed with handgrip(1-4-36), described manipulator(1-4-31)With crossbeam(1-4- 32)Between manipulator quarter butt is installed(1-4-72)With manipulator stock(1-4-73);
Drilling rod tier pole moves lever system shifting tube portion includes complex function unit(1-4-3), assistant support(1-4-2), handgrip(1-4- 36), assistant support tooth bar(1-4-5).
2. the multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described coiled tubing Row's injection system(2-3)Constitute coiled tubing system with coiled tubing injected system, by main car unit(1)With auxiliary car unit(2) Cooperation complete continuous oil pipe operation, described coiled tubing system includes roller of continuous oil pipe(2-3-1), coiled tubing(2- 3-3), complex function unit(1-4-3)With injection head unit(1-4-19), described coiled tubing row injection system(2-3)Including Rolling stand(2-3-2)And roller of continuous oil pipe(2-3-1), described rolling stand(2-3-2)It is symmetrically mounted on semi-mounted vehicle-mounted Chassis(2-2)Both sides, described roller of continuous oil pipe(2-3-1)Installed in rolling stand(2-3-2)On, described compound work( Can unit(1-4-3)On coiled tubing guiding mechanism is installed, described injection head unit(1-4-19)Installed in drilling machine platform (1-4-7)On, when continuous oil pipe operation is carried out, injection head drives hydraulic oil cylinder driving injection head to reach pithead position, composite structure Drive motor and decelerator drive assistant support pinion rotation, composite structure are risen be raised to after correct position and lock, segment posture adjustment oil Cylinder, big section posture adjustment oil cylinder stretch out, and gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, adjustment cylinder action form coiled tubing gooseneck track, adjust gooseneck Section adjustment oil cylinder, the collapsing length of adjustment oil cylinder cause coiled tubing to reach most suitable injection state, and injection head action is completed The coiled tubing drilling such as the injection of coiled tubing and lifting works, and moves up and down and adjust gooseneck section adjustment oil by composite structure Cylinder, the requirement of the different injection radius of curvature for being adapted to different tube diameters coiled tubing of the collapsing length of adjustment oil cylinder, even Continuous tubing system achieves the separation that roller of continuous oil pipe, coiled tubing injection head, coiled tubing curvature produce structure, according to not With the requirement of the coiled tubing to coiled tubing different curvature radius of caliber, by adjust cylinder and curvature produce structure away from Different curvature half is realized from, the attitude of adjustment gooseneck section adjustment oil cylinder, the length adjustment gooseneck adjustment section that stretches out of adjustment oil cylinder The injection of footpath coiled tubing is required.
3. the multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Drilling rod tier pole moves leverage System comb part includes pipe racking device, winch(2-1-19), winch support(2-1-20)And drill rod rack(2-1-21), described Winch(2-1-19)Installed in winch support(2-1-20)On, described winch support(2-1-20)Installed in the vehicle-mounted chassis of semi-mounted (2-2)End top, during transport, drill rod rack is placed in the both sides of auxiliary car car body top, and when moving pipe comb, drill rod rack is put The both sides of pipe racking device are placed on, described pipe racking device includes power roller(2-1-1), comb support(2-1-2), front end supporting leg (2-1-3), front end supporting leg roller(2-1-4), front end supporting leg drive oil cylinder(2-1-5), rear end supporting leg drive oil cylinder(2-1-16)、 Front end hanger(2-1-6), rear end hanger(2-1-7), left side stir handle(2-1-8), left side driving lever drive oil cylinder(2-1-9)、 Front end ejector sleeve drives oil cylinder(2-1-10), rear end ejector sleeve drive oil cylinder(2-1-24), front end ejector sleeve plate(2-1-11), rear end pushes away Pipe plate(2-1-25), gathering sill(2-1-12), rear end supporting leg roller(2-1-13), rear end supporting leg(2-1-14), front end plate Directive wheel(2-1-26), rear end plate directive wheel(2-1-15), front end guide groove(2-1-17), rear end guide groove(2-1-18), right side Stir handle(2-1-22), right side driving lever drive oil cylinder(2-1-23), described front end hanger(2-1-6)Installed in comb support (2-1-2)Front end, described rear end hanger(2-1-7)Installed in comb support(2-1-2)Rear end, described comb support (2-1-2)Front end below and rear end below dynamic roller is respectively installed(2-1-1), described front end supporting leg(2-1-3)One End is hinged on comb support(2-1-2)On, the other end is provided with front end supporting leg roller(2-1-4), described rear end supporting leg(2-1- 14)One end be hinged on comb support(2-1-2)On, the other end is provided with rear end supporting leg roller(2-1-13), described front end Supporting leg drives oil cylinder(2-1-5)One end be hinged on comb support(2-1-2)On, the other end and front end supporting leg(2-1-3)Hinged Together, described rear end supporting leg drives oil cylinder(2-1-16)One end be hinged on comb support(2-1-2)On, the other end with rear End supporting leg(2-1-14)Hinged, described front end ejector sleeve drives oil cylinder(2-1-10)One end and comb support(2-1- 2)Hinged, the other end and front end ejector sleeve plate(2-1-11)Link together, described rear end ejector sleeve drives oil cylinder(2- 1-24)One end and comb support(2-1-2)Hinged, the other end and rear end ejector sleeve plate(2-1-25)It is connected to one Rise, described front end ejector sleeve plate(2-1-11)On front end plate directive wheel is installed(2-1-26), described front end plate leads To wheel(2-1-26)Installed in front end guide groove(2-1-17)Interior, described rear end ejector sleeve plate(2-1-25)On rear end be installed dial Plate directive wheel(2-1-15), described rear end plate directive wheel(2-1-15)Installed in rear end guide groove(2-1-18)Interior;Described Gathering sill(2-1-12)Installed in comb support(2-1-2)Middle part, described gathering sill(2-1-12)Two ends be respectively mounted Left side is had to stir handle(2-1-8)Handle is stirred with right side(2-1-22), handle is stirred in described left side(2-1-8)Dial with right side Fixed handle(2-1-22)One end respectively with comb support(2-1-2)Hinged, handle is stirred in described left side(2-1-8) The other end drive oil cylinder with left side driving lever(2-1-9)One end hinged, handle is stirred on described right side(2-1-22) The other end drive oil cylinder with right side driving lever(2-1-23)One end hinged, described left side driving lever drives oil cylinder(2- 1-9)Oil cylinder is driven with right side driving lever(2-1-23)One end hinged with comb support respectively.
4. the multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Drilling rod tier pole moves leverage System moves tube portion includes complex function unit(1-4-3), assistant support(1-4-2), handgrip(1-4-36), assistant support tooth bar(1-4- 5), described complex function unit(1-4-3)Including segment posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-25), big section posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-26), lead To big section of arc(1-4-27), be oriented to arc segment(1-4-28), linkage section(1-4-29), manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-30), machine Tool hand(1-4-31), composite structure drive motor and decelerator(1-4-33), assistant support gear(1-4-34), directive wheel(1-4- 35), composite structure support(1-4-37), adjustment strutbeam(1-4-64), upper adjustment strutbeam hinged(1-4-65), gooseneck section adjustment oil Cylinder(1-4-66), lower adjustment strutbeam hinged(1-4-67), adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-68), roller(1-4-69), roller fix hinged (1-4-70), gooseneck adjustment section(1-4-71), described complex function unit(1-4-3)Including coiled tubing posture adjustment functional areas and Pipe posture adjustment complex function area is moved, described shifting pipe posture adjustment complex function area includes segment posture adjustment oil cylinder(1-4-25), big section posture adjustment Oil cylinder(1-4-26), be oriented to big section of arc(1-4-27), be oriented to arc segment(1-4-28), linkage section(1-4-29), manipulator posture adjustment Oil cylinder(1-4-30), manipulator(1-4-31), composite structure drive motor and decelerator(1-4-33), assistant support gear(1-4- 34), directive wheel(1-4-35), composite structure support(1-4-37), described directive wheel(1-4-35)Prop up installed in composite structure Frame(1-4-37)On, and directive wheel(1-4-35)Mounted in pairs, in composite structure support(1-4-37)Both sides be respectively symmetrically peace Equipped with six pairs of directive wheels(1-4-35), described guiding arc segment(1-4-28)It is hinged on composite structure support(1-4-37)Upper End, described linkage section(1-4-29)It is fixedly mounted on composite structure support(1-4-37)Upper end, described segment posture adjustment oil cylinder (1-4-25)One end is hinged on composite structure support(1-4-37)Middle part, the other end be hinged on guiding arc segment(1-4-28)'s Middle part, big section of described guiding arc(1-4-27)It is hinged on composite structure support(1-4-37)Upper end, described big section posture adjustment Oil cylinder(1-4-26)One end is hinged on composite structure support(1-4-37)Middle part, the other end be hinged on guiding big section of arc(1-4- 27)Middle part, big section of described guiding arc(1-4-27)With guiding arc segment(1-4-28)It is respectively hinged at composite structure support (1-4-37)Both sides, described composite structure drive motor and decelerator(1-4-33), assistant support gear(1-4-34)Composition Climb drive mechanism, described assistant support gear(1-4-34)Installed in composite structure drive motor and decelerator(1-4-33)'s On axle, described composite structure drive motor and decelerator(1-4-33)Installed in composite structure support(1-4-37)On, described Linkage section(1-4-29)Both sides be respectively symmetrically drive mechanism of climbing be installed, described manipulator(1-4-31)End bottom It is hinged on composite structure support(1-4-37)Bottom, described manipulator(1-4-31)Upper end and manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder (1-4-30)Hinged, the described manipulator posture adjustment oil cylinder in one end(1-4-30)The other end be hinged on composite structure support(1- 4-37)Middle part;Described manipulator(1-4-31)End crossbeam is installed(1-4-32), described crossbeam(1-4-32)'s Two ends are separately installed with handgrip(1-4-36).
5. the multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described impact tong (1-4-20)With power head unit(1-4-11)Coordinate the upper shackle operation for completing drilling rod, the upper shackle method of drilling rod:Described Impact tong(1-4-20)With power head unit(1-4-11)It is used in combination, impact tong(1-4-20)Clamping, power head unit(1-4- 11)Shackle in realization, while upper shackle, power head unit(1-4-11)Unit head drive motor and decelerator(1-4- 38)Action, drives main support gear(1-4-39)Rotation, realizes power head unit(1-4-11)Along main support tooth bar(1-4-18) Move up and down, in realization shackle screw thread compensation.
6. the multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described upper posture adjustment is propped up Beam(1-4-6)Two ends respectively with main support(1-4-1)And assistant support(1-4-2)Hinged place is provided with double articulated structures(1-4- 74), described lower posture adjustment strutbeam(1-4-4)Two ends respectively with drilling machine platform(1-4-7)And assistant support(1-4-2)Hinged place is all provided with It is equipped with double articulated structures(1-4-74).
CN201610175546.XA 2016-03-26 2016-03-26 A kind of multi-functional full-automatic continuous pipe rig CN105822223B (en)

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CN110148328A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-08-20 西南石油大学 Coiled tubing simulation system consing method
CN110374499B (en) * 2019-05-30 2020-09-22 中国矿业大学 Disconnect-type release rig
CN110485951B (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-03-31 山东威盟石油机械有限公司 Digital continuous oil pipe injection head

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