CN105820446A - Anti-aging flame-retardant polypropylene and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Anti-aging flame-retardant polypropylene and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105820446A
CN105820446A CN201610363098.6A CN201610363098A CN105820446A CN 105820446 A CN105820446 A CN 105820446A CN 201610363098 A CN201610363098 A CN 201610363098A CN 105820446 A CN105820446 A CN 105820446A
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aging
parts
polypropylene
flame
antioxidant
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CN105820446B (en
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唐洁净
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Ningbo speeda Electric Appliance Co., Ltd
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唐洁净
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/10Homopolymers or copolymers of propene
    • C08L23/14Copolymers of propene
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B9/00Making granules
    • B29B9/02Making granules by dividing preformed material
    • B29B9/06Making granules by dividing preformed material in the form of filamentary material, e.g. combined with extrusion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2948/00Indexing scheme relating to extrusion moulding
    • B29C2948/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C2948/92504Controlled parameter
    • B29C2948/9258Velocity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2948/00Indexing scheme relating to extrusion moulding
    • B29C2948/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C2948/92504Controlled parameter
    • B29C2948/92704Temperature
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/22Halogen free composition

Abstract

The invention discloses anti-aging flame-retardant polypropylene and a preparation method thereof .Anti-aging flame-retardant polypropylene is prepared from, by weight, 70-90 parts of polypropylene, 10-25 parts of MPP, 2-10 parts of montmorillonite, 3-8 parts of aerogel, 5-10 parts of a toughener, 0.5-0.8 part of an antioxidant, 1-5 parts of bismuth molybdate and 0.2-2 parts of an interface compatibilizer .The preparation method includes the steps of mixing, metering extruding, pelleting and the like .The method is simple and convenient to implement, all the components are evenly mixed, and quality is stable and reliable .Anti-aging flame-retardant polypropylene has excellent anti-aging performance, flame retardancy and low temperature resistance, avoids heavy metal pollution caused by chrome yellow pigment, is bright in color and free of halogen and heavy metal, and can be widely applied to the fields of household appliances, electronics, spinning parts and the like.

Description

A kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of polymer materials, relate to modified polymer material technology, particularly to a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Polypropylene material, as one of widest general-purpose plastics of application amount, is widely used in the fields such as electronic apparatus, medicine, food, but polypropylene itself easily burns, and has molten drop phenomenon to easily cause flame propagation.The most numerous polypropylene flame redardant technology is mainly based on halogen and antimony oxide compound system, good flame retardation effect, but when there is burning, amount of smoke is big, discharge the shortcoming of toxic gas, easily causes secondary injury.Halogen-free polypropylene flame redardant is based especially on the halogen-free anti-flaming polypropylene material of expansibility flame-proof agent, use phosphorus, nitrogenated flame retardant, reach heat insulation, oxygen barrier, minimizing smog, the effect of anti-drippage, but there is the problems such as flame retardant effect is poor, resistance to low temperature is poor, ageing resistace is poor.
Chinese patent CN103571041 uses tetrabromobisphenol A double (2,3-dibromopropyl) ether and antimony oxide do fire retardant, four [β-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-hydroxy phenyl) propanoic acid] pentaerythritol ester antioxidant compounds and does aging resistance weather resisting agent for (2 '-hydroxyl-3 '-tert-butyl group-5 '-aminomethyl phenyl)-5-chlorinated benzotriazole, material can be made to obtain certain flame retardant effect, but it is fire-retardant to belong to bromine system, addition is big, easily drippage, exhaust gas volumn is big and irritant abnormal smells from the patient.
Chinese patent CN102304250B uses expansibility flame-proof agent APP, PER, MCA, and montmorillonite synergistic is fire-retardant prepares a kind of high melting means halogen-free flame retardants, and Flame Retardancy can be good, but intensity is relatively low, and resistance to low temperature is poor, and ageing resistace is poor.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax and preparation method thereof.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The present invention relates to a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax, in parts by weight, including:
Described polypropylene is COPP, and melt flow rate (MFR) is 3~15g/10min;Described montmorillonite mesh number is 600 mesh;Described aeroge is aerosil powder;Described MPP is melamine polyphosphate, N content 42~44%;Described antioxidant be weight percentage 1: 1: 1 Hinered phenols antioxidant 1010, phosphite ester kind antioxidant 168, the mixture of ultraviolet-resistant absorbent UV327;Described interfacial compatibilizer is Silane coupling agent KH550.
Further, described bismuth molybdate mesh number is 600 mesh, and apparent density is 1.6g/cm3
Further, described toughener is weight percentage the ethylene-octene copolymer of 1: 1 and the maleic anhydride graft copolymer of polypropylene blend;
Further, a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax, in parts by weight, including:
Further, the preparation method of described aging-resistant flame-proof profax, comprise the following steps:
Step one, polypropylene, toughener, antioxidant, bismuth molybdate are weighed raw material by proportioning, raw material is put in homogenizer and stir 2~3 minutes, discharging, add twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding measurement hopper;
Step 2, montmorillonite, aeroge are weighed raw material by proportioning, add in homogenizer, stirring at low speed 2~after 3 minutes, interfacial compatibilizer is added, temperature 80 DEG C, high-speed stirred 3~5 minutes are set, discharging, adds the other weigh-hatching plant of twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding;
Step 3, by MPP joining side feeding measurement hopper;
Step 4, above-mentioned material are extruded through double screw extruder, pelletize, arrange temperature 190~230 DEG C, screw speed 250~370rpm.
Described main feeding measurement hopper is positioned at double screw extruder first paragraph heating cylinder;Described side feeding measurement hopper is positioned at the 6th section of heating cylinder of double screw extruder.
Beneficial effects of the present invention is as follows:
The aging-resistant flame-proof profax that the present invention relates to has the fire resistance of excellence, resistance to low temperature, ageing resistace, overcome the heavy metal pollution that chrome yellow brings, Halogen, discharge without toxic gas during burning, lovely luster, MPP adds at side feeding measurement hopper, it is ensured that stablizing of fire resistance, its fire resistance is V-0 ,-25 DEG C of low temperature notched impact strength >=6.2kJ/m2, accelerated light ageing test in 2000 hours, mechanical strength retention rate >=80%.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is expanded on further.These embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention rather than limit the scope of the present invention.The experimental technique of unreceipted actual conditions in the following example, generally according to normal condition, or according to the condition proposed by manufacturer.
In following example, comparative example,
Polypropylene is COPP, and melt flow rate (MFR) is 3~15g/10min;
Antioxidant be weight percentage 1: 1: 1 Hinered phenols antioxidant 1010, phosphite ester kind antioxidant 168, the mixture of ultraviolet-resistant absorbent UV327;
Interfacial compatibilizer is Silane coupling agent KH550;
Bismuth molybdate mesh number is 600 mesh, and apparent density is 1.6g/cm3
Toughener is weight percentage the ethylene-octene copolymer of 1: 1 and the maleic anhydride graft copolymer of polypropylene blend;
Main feeding measurement hopper is positioned at double screw extruder first paragraph heating cylinder;
Side feeding measurement hopper is positioned at the 6th section of heating cylinder of double screw extruder.
Embodiment 1
In the present embodiment, a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax, in parts by weight, including:
The preparation method of described aging-resistant flame-proof profax is as follows:
Step one, polypropylene, toughener, antioxidant, bismuth molybdate are weighed raw material by proportioning, raw material is put in homogenizer and stir 3 minutes, discharging, add twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding measurement hopper;
Step 2, by proportioning montmorillonite, aeroge being weighed raw material, add in homogenizer, interfacial compatibilizer, after 2 minutes, is added by stirring at low speed, arranges temperature 80 DEG C, high-speed stirred 5 minutes, discharging, adds the other weigh-hatching plant of twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding;
Step 3, by MPP joining side feeding measurement hopper;
Step 4, above-mentioned material are extruded through double screw extruder, pelletize, arrange temperature 190~230 DEG C, screw speed 250rpm.
Comparative example 1
In this comparative example, a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax, in parts by weight, including:
The preparation method of described aging-resistant flame-proof profax is as follows:
Step one, polypropylene, toughener, antioxidant are weighed raw material by proportioning, raw material is put in homogenizer and stir 3 minutes, discharging, add twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding measurement hopper;
Step 2, by proportioning montmorillonite, aeroge being weighed raw material, add in homogenizer, interfacial compatibilizer, after 2 minutes, is added by stirring at low speed, arranges temperature 80 DEG C, high-speed stirred 5 minutes, discharging, adds the other weigh-hatching plant of twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding;
Step 3, by MPP joining side feeding measurement hopper;
Step 4, above-mentioned material are extruded through double screw extruder, pelletize, arrange temperature 190~230 DEG C, screw speed 250rpm.
Comparative example 1 is with the difference of embodiment 1, does not comprise bismuth molybdate in comparative example.
Embodiment 2
In the present embodiment, a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax, in parts by weight, including:
The preparation method of described aging-resistant flame-proof profax is as follows:
Step one, polypropylene, toughener, antioxidant, bismuth molybdate are weighed raw material by proportioning, raw material is put in homogenizer and stir 2 minutes, discharging, add twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding measurement hopper;
Step 2, by proportioning montmorillonite, aeroge being weighed raw material, add in homogenizer, interfacial compatibilizer, after 3 minutes, is added by stirring at low speed, arranges temperature 80 DEG C, high-speed stirred 3 minutes, discharging, adds the other weigh-hatching plant of twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding;
Step 3, by MPP joining side feeding measurement hopper;
Step 4, above-mentioned material are extruded through double screw extruder, pelletize, arrange temperature 190~230 DEG C, screw speed 370rpm.
Comparative example 2
In this comparative example, a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax, in parts by weight, including:
The preparation method of described aging-resistant flame-proof profax is as follows:
Step one, polypropylene, toughener, antioxidant, bismuth molybdate are weighed raw material by proportioning, raw material is put in homogenizer and stir 2 minutes, discharging, add twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding measurement hopper;
Step 2, adding in homogenizer by montmorillonite, interfacial compatibilizer, after 3 minutes, is added by stirring at low speed, arranges temperature 80 DEG C, high-speed stirred 3 minutes, discharging, adds the other weigh-hatching plant of twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding;
Step 3, by MPP joining side feeding measurement hopper;
Step 4, above-mentioned material are extruded through double screw extruder, pelletize, arrange temperature 190~230 DEG C, screw speed 370rpm.
Comparative example 2 is not comprise aeroge with the difference of embodiment 2.
Embodiment 3
In the present embodiment, a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax, in parts by weight, including:
The preparation method of described aging-resistant flame-proof profax is as follows:
Step one, polypropylene, toughener, antioxidant, bismuth molybdate are weighed raw material by proportioning, raw material is put in homogenizer and stir 3 minutes, discharging, add twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding measurement hopper;
Step 2, by proportioning montmorillonite, aeroge being weighed raw material, add in homogenizer, interfacial compatibilizer, after 3 minutes, is added by stirring at low speed, arranges temperature 80 DEG C, high-speed stirred 5 minutes, discharging, adds the other weigh-hatching plant of twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding;
Step 3, by MPP joining side feeding measurement hopper;
Step 4, above-mentioned material are extruded through double screw extruder, pelletize, arrange temperature 190~230 DEG C, screw speed 370rpm.
Comparative example 3
In this comparative example, a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax, in parts by weight, including:
The preparation method of described aging-resistant flame-proof profax is as follows:
Polypropylene, toughener, antioxidant, bismuth molybdate, montmorillonite, aeroge, MPP are weighed raw material by proportioning, add in homogenizer, after stirring at low speed 3 minutes, interfacial compatibilizer is added, temperature 80 DEG C is set, high-speed stirred 5 minutes, discharging, adds twin-screw extrusion owner's feed hopper, and material is extruded through double screw extruder, pelletize, temperature 190~230 DEG C, screw speed 370rpm are set.
Comparative example 3 is that preparation method is different compared with Example 3, after disposable for all materials mix homogeneously, adds and becomes owner of feeding measurement hopper, through double screw extruder extrusion, pelletize.
The aging-resistant flame-proof profax performance that each embodiment and comparative example obtain see table:
In table, notch impact strength presses the test of GB/T1843-2008 method, and fire resistance presses the test of UL94-2012 method, and light aging test condition: light source is hernia arc lamp, light intensity is 0.50W/m2(340nm test point).
Upper table understands, and the aging-resistant flame-proof profax prepared by embodiment 1~3 has higher intensity, the fire resistance of excellence, low temperature impact properties, notch impact strength retention rate >=80% after the experiment of 2000h xenon lamp aging;Not adding bismuth molybdate in comparative example 1, after 2000h degradation, notch impact strength retention rate is only 35%, and therefore, the raising to material photooxidation aging property that adds of bismuth molybdate serves unexpected effect;Not adding aeroge in comparative example 2, fire resistance drops to V-2, and therefore, aeroge serves the effect that synergistic is fire-retardant;In comparative example 3, each component is sufficiently mixed and is directly added into main feed hopper extrusion, pelletize, and reducing in various degree all occurs in material property, colour-darkening.
The ultimate principle of the present invention and principal character and advantages of the present invention have more than been shown and described.Skilled person will appreciate that of the industry; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; the principle that the present invention is simply described described in above-described embodiment and description; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements both fall within scope of the claimed invention.Claimed scope is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (5)

1. an aging-resistant flame-proof profax, it is characterised in that in parts by weight, including:
Wherein, described polypropylene is COPP, and melt flow rate (MFR) is 3~15g/10min;Described montmorillonite mesh number is 600 mesh;Described aeroge is aerosil powder;Described MPP is melamine polyphosphate, N content 42~44%;Described antioxidant be weight percentage 1: 1: 1 Hinered phenols antioxidant 1010, phosphite ester kind antioxidant 168, the mixture of ultraviolet-resistant absorbent UV327;Described interfacial compatibilizer is Silane coupling agent KH550.
A kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described bismuth molybdate mesh number is 600 mesh, and apparent density is 1.6g/cm3
A kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described toughener is weight percentage the ethylene-octene copolymer of 1: 1 and the maleic anhydride graft copolymer of polypropylene blend.
A kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in parts by weight, including
The preparation method of a kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including:
Step one, polypropylene, toughener, antioxidant, bismuth molybdate are weighed raw material by proportioning, raw material is put in homogenizer and stir 2~3 minutes, discharging, add twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding measurement hopper;
Step 2, montmorillonite, aeroge are weighed raw material by proportioning, add in homogenizer, stirring at low speed 2~after 3 minutes, interfacial compatibilizer is added, temperature 80 DEG C, high-speed stirred 3~5 minutes are set, discharging, adds the other weigh-hatching plant of twin-screw extrusion owner's feeding;
Step 3, by MPP joining side feeding measurement hopper;
Step 4, above-mentioned material are extruded through double screw extruder, pelletize, arrange temperature 190~230 DEG C, screw speed 250~370rpm.
Described main feeding measurement hopper is positioned at double screw extruder first paragraph heating cylinder;Described side feeding measurement hopper is positioned at the 6th section of heating cylinder of double screw extruder.
CN201610363098.6A 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 A kind of aging-resistant flame-proof profax and preparation method thereof Active CN105820446B (en)

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