CN105817314B - Anti-clogging hydraulic classifier - Google Patents

Anti-clogging hydraulic classifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105817314B
CN105817314B CN201610357559.9A CN201610357559A CN105817314B CN 105817314 B CN105817314 B CN 105817314B CN 201610357559 A CN201610357559 A CN 201610357559A CN 105817314 B CN105817314 B CN 105817314B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
discharging cylinder
sieve plate
hydraulic classifier
classification chamber
discharge gate
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201610357559.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105817314A (en
Inventor
杨春艳
陈惠芬
陈育芳
巫水秋
赖丽丽
李树林
张坚营
曹树丰
叶美娟
陈洁娴
乐志雄
叶秀霞
温文涛
黄金福
樊敏敏
梁美玲
王羲
欧少红
董立斌
吴献云
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杨春艳
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Priority to CN201610357559.9A priority Critical patent/CN105817314B/en
Publication of CN105817314A publication Critical patent/CN105817314A/en
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Publication of CN105817314B publication Critical patent/CN105817314B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B5/00Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating
    • B03B5/62Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating by hydraulic classifiers, e.g. of launder, tank, spiral or helical chute concentrator type

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of anti-clogging hydraulic classifier, this anti-clogging hydraulic classifier includes classification chamber, and feed pipe and overflow pipe are separately installed with the top of classification chamber, and water inlet and discharge gate are offered in the bottom of classification chamber;There is sieve plate in classification intracavitary fixing device, discharging cylinder is installed between sieve plate and discharge gate, sieve plate is run through in the upper end of the discharging cylinder, and discharging cylinder can freely rotate along own axes;Spiral stream guidance line is carved with the inwall of discharging cylinder, transmission striped is carved with the outer wall of discharging cylinder;In classification intracavitary, the lower section of sieve plate, returning apparatus has water driven turbine, and the rotating shaft of water driven turbine overlaps with the axis of water inlet;The outer wall of the water driven turbine is meshed with the outer wall of discharging cylinder;The grader can effectively prevent the blocking of discharge gate, promote the discharge of material, and the long-term stable operation of grader is effectively ensured.

Description

Anti-clogging hydraulic classifier
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of industrial grading equipment, is a kind of hydraulic classifier particularly.
Background technology
At present, industrial hydraulic classifier its principle that in the market uses all makes according to fluid mechanics principle, root It is different according to solid particle granule size and proportion, in the presence of external force, its different principle of sinking speed in a liquid, so as to Realize material different by particle size and proportion and separate, fine fraction or the small solid particle of proportion float on a liquid as overflowing Stream, coarse fraction or heavy solid particle are deposited in bottom land, discharged along sand removing device, realize one kind point that material continuously separates Level equipment;In many ore-dressing practices, hydraulic classiciation plays an important role;But current hydraulic classifier is in the course of the work It can not ensure that the gradation inside machine is uniform, more seriously, discharge gate usually blocks, and both influences effectiveness of classification, Classification progress is influenceed again, also brings very big inconvenience for the regular maintenance of machine.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of anti-clogging water conservancy grader, the grader can effectively prevent discharge The blocking of mouth, promotes the discharge of material, the long-term stable operation of grader is effectively ensured.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:This anti-clogging hydraulic classifier includes classification Chamber, feed pipe and overflow pipe are separately installed with the top of classification chamber, and water inlet and discharge gate are offered in the bottom of classification chamber;
There is sieve plate in classification intracavitary fixing device, discharging cylinder is installed between sieve plate and discharge gate, the discharging cylinder Sieve plate is run through in upper end, and discharging cylinder can freely rotate along own axes;Spiral stream guidance line is carved with the inwall of discharging cylinder, in discharging cylinder Outer wall be carved with transmission striped;In classification intracavitary, the lower section of sieve plate, returning apparatus has water driven turbine, and the rotating shaft of water driven turbine is with entering The axis at the mouth of a river overlaps;The outer wall of the water driven turbine is meshed with the outer wall of discharging cylinder.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Material slurry enters classification intracavitary from feed pipe, while High-Pressure Water gushes from water inlet Enter to be classified in chamber;High-Pressure Water passes through from water driven turbine and drives water driven turbine high-speed rotation;Water driven turbine is by being driven bar Engagement between line, drainage conduit is driven to rotate;High-Pressure Water is through sieve plate filling classification chamber, due to the granule size of solid particle And proportion is different, material is starched during lateral flow, the delaminating deposition in water;Row of the material of bulky grain from sieve plate center Barrel flows out, and short grained material floats on liquid level upper strata and forms overflow layer, is discharged from overflow pipe;Graded operation is being starched to material During, the rotation of discharging cylinder continuation, the spiral stream guidance line of discharging cylinder inwall stirs and pushes material downwards, compared to biography The discharge gate of system grader, the discharge gate in the invention are in dynamic rotary state, promote the effect of material discharge, effectively anti- Only feed blocking, so as to improve the stable output of grader, and then improve operating efficiency.
Preferably, the internal activity in the discharging cylinder is provided with dredging bar, the dredging bar can be along the axle of discharging cylinder To upper and lower alternating translational;Permanent magnetism piece is fixed with the bottom of the dredging bar;It is installed with forever in the inwall of the discharge gate Magnetic stripe, the permanent magnetic strip and permanent magnetism piece quantity Matching and homopolar-repulsion;Discharging cylinder drives dredging bar synchronously to move in rotary course It is dynamic, the permanent magnetic strip that the permanent magnetism piece of bar bottom is periodically skimmed on discharge gate inwall is dredged, whenever permanent magnetism piece and permanent magnetic strip face When, dredging bar pops up under magneticaction, and after permanent magnetism piece is away from permanent magnetic strip, dredging bar falls after rise under gravity;Cause During discharge of materials, the reciprocating motion of dredging bar axial direction can promote the discharge of material, further function as dredging effect for this, Effectively prevent blocking.
Preferably, the dredging bar is 3-5;In order to effectively dredge discharging cylinder, while it will not significantly influence discharge The discharge velocity of cylinder.
Preferably, dredging bar, centered on the axis of discharging cylinder, rotational symmetry is arranged.
Preferably, being densely covered with hangnail on the perisporium of dredging bar, hangnail points to sieve plate direction;Process is moved up in dredging bar In, hangnail can bulk material, greatly improve the material velocity of discharge.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this anti-clogging hydraulic classifier one embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the amplification axial arrangement schematic diagram of discharging cylinder in embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram that bar is dredged in embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Embodiment
Embodiment
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, this anti-clogging hydraulic classifier includes classification chamber 1, in classification chamber 1 Top is separately installed with feed pipe 11 and overflow pipe 12, and water inlet and discharge gate 2 are offered in the bottom of classification chamber 1;
There is sieve plate 3 in the classification inner fixing device of chamber 1, discharging cylinder 4, the discharge are installed between sieve plate 3 and discharge gate 2 Sieve plate 3 is run through in the upper end of cylinder 4, and discharging cylinder 4 can freely rotate along own axes;Spiral stream guidance line is carved with the inwall of discharging cylinder 4 41, it is carved with transmission striped in the outer wall of discharging cylinder 4;In classification chamber 1, the lower section of sieve plate 3, returning apparatus has water driven turbine 5, hydrodynamic(al) The rotating shaft of turbine 5 overlaps with the axis of water inlet;The outer wall of the water driven turbine 5 is meshed with the outer wall of discharging cylinder 4;Described The internal activity of discharging cylinder 4 is provided with 3 dredging bars 6, and dredging bar 6 centered on the axis of discharging cylinder 4, arrange by rotational symmetry; The dredging bar 6 can up and down reciprocatingly translate along the axial direction of discharging cylinder 4;Hangnail is densely covered with the perisporium of dredging bar 6, hangnail points to The direction of sieve plate 3;Permanent magnetism piece 61 is fixed with the bottom of each dredging bar 6;It is installed with forever in the inwall of the discharge gate 2 Magnetic stripe 21, the permanent magnetic strip 21 and the quantity Matching of permanent magnetism piece 61 and homopolar-repulsion.
Material slurry enters in classification chamber 1 from feed pipe 11, while High-Pressure Water is poured in classification chamber 1 from water inlet;High pressure Current pass through from water driven turbine 5 and drive the high-speed rotation of water driven turbine 5;Water driven turbine 5 by the engagement between being driven striped, Drainage conduit is driven to rotate;High-Pressure Water is classified chamber 1 through the filling of sieve plate 3, because the granule size and proportion of solid particle are different, Material is starched during lateral flow, the delaminating deposition in water;The material of bulky grain flows out from the discharging cylinder 4 in the center of sieve plate 3, Short grained material floats on liquid level upper strata and forms overflow layer, is discharged from overflow pipe 12.
During graded operation is starched to material, the rotation of the continuation of discharging cylinder 4, the spiral stream guidance of the inwall of discharging cylinder 4 Line 41 stirs and pushes material downwards;Meanwhile in the present embodiment, discharging cylinder 4 drives dredging bar 6 synchronous in rotary course Permanent magnetic strip 21 mobile, that the permanent magnetism piece 61 of dredging bar 6 bottom is periodically skimmed on the inwall of discharge gate 2, whenever permanent magnetism piece 61 with During 21 face of permanent magnetic strip, dredging bar 6 pops up under magneticaction, and after permanent magnetism piece 61 is away from permanent magnetic strip 21, dredging bar 6 exists Fallen after rise under Action of Gravity Field;Therefore during discharge of materials, the reciprocating motion of the axial direction of dredging bar 6 can promote the discharge of material, Dredging effect is further functioned as, effectively prevents blocking.
Compared to the discharge gate 2 of additional fractionation machine, the discharge gate 2 in the invention is in dynamic rotary state, promotes thing Expect the effect of discharge, effectively prevent feed blocking, so as to improve the stable output of grader, and then improve operating efficiency.
In the present embodiment, dredging the hangnail of bar 6 can above push away material during dredging bar 6 moves up, dredge, and carry significantly High material dredges effect;The dredging quantity of bar 6 maintains 3-5, can not only ensure to dredge effect but also not interfere with the discharge of material.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of anti-clogging hydraulic classifier, this anti-clogging hydraulic classifier include classification chamber(1), in classification chamber(1)It is upper Portion is separately installed with feed pipe(11)And overflow pipe(12), in classification chamber(1)Bottom offer water inlet and discharge gate(2); It is characterized in that:In classification chamber(1)Inner fixing device has sieve plate(3), in sieve plate(3)And discharge gate(2)Between discharge is installed Cylinder(4), the discharging cylinder(4)Upper end run through sieve plate(3), discharging cylinder(4)Can freely it be rotated along own axes;In discharging cylinder (4)Inwall be carved with spiral stream guidance line(41), in discharging cylinder(4)Outer wall be carved with transmission striped;In classification chamber(1)Interior, sieve plate (3)Lower section, returning apparatus has water driven turbine(5), water driven turbine(5)Rotating shaft overlapped with the axis of water inlet;The hydrodynamic(al) whirlpool Wheel(5)Outer wall and discharging cylinder(4)Outer wall be meshed.
2. anti-clogging hydraulic classifier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the discharging cylinder(4)Inside live It is dynamic that dredging bar is installed(6), the dredging bar(6)Can be along discharging cylinder(4)Axial direction up and down reciprocatingly translate;In the dredging bar (6)Bottom be fixed with permanent magnetism piece(61);In the discharge gate(2)Inwall be installed with permanent magnetic strip(21), the permanent magnetism Bar(21)With permanent magnetism piece(61)Quantity Matching and homopolar-repulsion.
3. anti-clogging hydraulic classifier according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The dredging bar(6)For 3-5.
4. the anti-clogging hydraulic classifier according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:Dredge bar(6)With discharging cylinder(4) Axis centered on, rotational symmetry arrange.
5. the anti-clogging hydraulic classifier according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:In dredging bar(6)Perisporium on it is close Hangnail is furnished with, hangnail points to sieve plate(3)Direction.
CN201610357559.9A 2016-05-26 2016-05-26 Anti-clogging hydraulic classifier Expired - Fee Related CN105817314B (en)

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CN105817314B true CN105817314B (en) 2018-01-12

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CN108739134A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 仁怀市龙井葫芦种植专业合作社 The implantation methods of capsicum
KR102009386B1 (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-08-12 주식회사 인트로팩 Mixer

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19924164A1 (en) * 1999-02-18 2000-09-28 Bormet Maschinenbau Gmbh Method and device for separating solids composed of organic and inorganic material from a liquid mixed with solids and for separating the inorganic material from the mixture of organic and inorganic material
CN203990876U (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-10 江西耀升钨业股份有限公司 A kind of novel hydropower grader
CN203990875U (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-10 江西耀升钨业股份有限公司 A kind of hydraulic classifier preventing clogging up device
CN204276138U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-22 巩义市恒昌冶金建材设备厂 The discharge device of drum washer
CN204503311U (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-07-29 张家界恒亮新材料科技有限公司 A kind of ore dressing vibration anti-blocking at the uniform velocity drawing mechanism
CN204699815U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-10-14 天津美腾科技有限公司 A kind of mine tailing discharge mechanism of separation of coarse slime machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19924164A1 (en) * 1999-02-18 2000-09-28 Bormet Maschinenbau Gmbh Method and device for separating solids composed of organic and inorganic material from a liquid mixed with solids and for separating the inorganic material from the mixture of organic and inorganic material
CN203990876U (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-10 江西耀升钨业股份有限公司 A kind of novel hydropower grader
CN203990875U (en) * 2014-08-22 2014-12-10 江西耀升钨业股份有限公司 A kind of hydraulic classifier preventing clogging up device
CN204276138U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-22 巩义市恒昌冶金建材设备厂 The discharge device of drum washer
CN204503311U (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-07-29 张家界恒亮新材料科技有限公司 A kind of ore dressing vibration anti-blocking at the uniform velocity drawing mechanism
CN204699815U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-10-14 天津美腾科技有限公司 A kind of mine tailing discharge mechanism of separation of coarse slime machine

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Inventor after: Yang Chunyan

Inventor after: Chen Jiexian

Inventor after: Le Zhixiong

Inventor after: Ye Xiuxia

Inventor after: Wen Wentao

Inventor after: Huang Jinfu

Inventor after: Fan Minmin

Inventor after: Liang Meiling

Inventor after: Wang Xi

Inventor after: Ou Shaohong

Inventor after: Dong Libin

Inventor after: Chen Huifen

Inventor after: Wu Xianyun

Inventor after: Chen Yufang

Inventor after: Wu Shuiqiu

Inventor after: Lai Lili

Inventor after: Li Shulin

Inventor after: Zhang Jianying

Inventor after: Cao Shufeng

Inventor after: Ye Meijuan

Inventor before: Shen Wei

TA01 Transfer of patent application right
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20171214

Address after: 523000 Guangdong city of Dongguan Province Huang Zhenjiang Road No. 31

Applicant after: Yang Chunyan

Address before: Wujiang Pingwang Town District of Suzhou City, Jiangsu province 215221 Yang Village neighborhood committee

Applicant before: Shen Wei

GR01 Patent grant
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180112

Termination date: 20180526