CN105811139A - Electric shock prevention socket easy and convenient to be plugged in and plugged out - Google Patents

Electric shock prevention socket easy and convenient to be plugged in and plugged out Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105811139A
CN105811139A CN201610296755.XA CN201610296755A CN105811139A CN 105811139 A CN105811139 A CN 105811139A CN 201610296755 A CN201610296755 A CN 201610296755A CN 105811139 A CN105811139 A CN 105811139A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide block
jack
plug
metal spring
slope
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610296755.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105811139B (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Hengyang Shengda Information Technology Co., Ltd.
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吴昊
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201410488098.XA priority Critical patent/CN104218361B/en
Priority to CN201610296755.XA priority patent/CN105811139B/en
Publication of CN105811139A publication Critical patent/CN105811139A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105811139B publication Critical patent/CN105811139B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • H01R13/629Additional means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts, e.g. aligning or guiding means, levers, gas pressure electrical locking indicators, manufacturing tolerances
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/02Contact members
    • H01R13/10Sockets for co-operation with pins or blades
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/44Means for preventing access to live contacts

Abstract

The invention provides an electric shock prevention socket easy and convenient to be plugged in and plugged out. The electric shock prevention socket comprises a base, wherein two jacks are arranged in front of the base, the insertion directions of the jacks are orthogonal to a sliding way in the base, a sliding block is arranged in the sliding way, and metal spring sheets arranged at the two ends of the sliding block symmetrically comprise slops formed opposite to jack sides; in a non-use state, the sliding block is rightwards biased on a right jack side under the effect of a constraint mechanism, the slope surface of the right side of the sliding block is opposite to a right jack, and the slop of the left side is arranged between the two jacks; when a plug is completely plugged into the socket, the slop of the right side of the sliding block right opposite to the right jack is ejected by a right pin of the plug, the sliding block is forced to slide towards the right side to a limit position, the metal spring sheets on the two sides of the sliding block are right supported on the inner sides of the two pins of the plug, and at the moment, the metal spring sheet on the right side of the sliding block is connected with a zero line, and the metal spring sheet on the left side is connected with a firing line. By the socket, electric shock can be prevented due to jack touch, and the socket is easy and convenient to be plugged in and plugged out.

Description

Plug easy and convenient anti-electric shock socket
Technical field
The present invention relates to electric power facility field, especially, relate to a kind of power receptacle.
Background technology
Power receptacle is the electric power facility on basis the most, is mainly terminal electrical equipment and provides electricity interface.For two jacks of socket, often cause danger to child, owing to the curiosity of child is strong, safety consciousness is weak, it is more likely that go to dig jack with finger or metal object, then will cause electric shock phenomenon.
For the problems referred to above, the defensive measure adopted at present is, arranges the protective sheet that laterally can flick under plug thrust in the jack of socket, at this time, it may be necessary to adopt bigger strength to push plug inwards, just protective sheet can be flicked, and insert a plug into position.The Basic Design theory of this kind of socket is by pushing protective sheet energetically by force open, and makes less strength cannot push protective sheet open;Therefore in actual use, it is inconvenient for, often occurs in the situation that also cannot insert a plug into position under the tremendous effort, it is seen then that the design of current anti-electric shock socket exists obvious defect.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of anti-electric shock socket, this socket is possible not only to prevent touch jack and cause electric shock because digging, and plugs easy and convenient.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: this anti-electric shock socket includes pedestal, and described pedestal front is provided with two jacks;The direction of insertion of described jack is orthogonal to a slideway in pedestal;A slide block it is provided with in described slideway;The two ends symmetry of this slide block includes metal spring leaf, and described metal spring leaf is in the face of formation slope, jack side;The method of work of described anti-electric shock socket, including: when being not inserted into plug in described socket, described slide block is under the effect of constraint mechanism, the symmetrical plane of deviation said two jack, it is biased in the right right jack side, now, the described slope on the right side of described slide block is for right jack, and the slope on the left of slide block is then deviateed left jack and is placed between two jacks;When described socket is inserted into plug, right jack just to described slide block on the right side of slope by the right pin institute pushing and withstanding of plug, slide block is forced to slide to the left, and after plug is fully-inserted, slide block slides into extreme position to the left, now the metal spring leaf of slide block both sides outwards props up the inner side of two pins of plug just, and now, the metal spring leaf on the right side of described slide block connects with zero line;And the metal spring leaf on the left of slide block connects with live wire.
As preferably, described constraint mechanism includes such as lower component: slideway both sides as described in being arranged on, the left permanent magnet that heteropole is relative, right permanent magnet;It is arranged at the slide block permanent magnet in described slide block;Two magnetic poles of described slide block permanent magnet and described left permanent magnet, right permanent magnet homopolarity are relative;The magnetic of described left permanent magnet is better than right permanent magnet.
As preferably, the slope of described slide block both sides is collectively formed by described metal spring leaf and insulating element;Described insulating element is in the inner side of described metal spring leaf, and namely insulating element constitutes the slope root on whole described slope;And when being not inserted into plug in described socket, the slope root on the described slope on the right side of described slide block is in the face of described right jack;So, for left and right jack all not just to described metal spring leaf, after plug insertion socket, just make two pieces of metal spring leafs contact with the left and right pin of plug respectively, further increase the safety of socket.
As preferably, the metal spring leaf of described slide block left and right sides is connected with fire zero line in the following way respectively: the metal spring leaf of left and right sides forms moving contact to the side of slide block respectively;And the inwall of described slideway is shaped with the static contact matched with described moving contact;At the fully-inserted socket of plug, when making described slide block slide into extreme position to the left, described moving contact and static contact are just in electrical contact;Otherwise, moving contact does not contact with static contact;Described static contact is electrically connected to zero live wire;Thus, the safety of socket is further increased.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is: this anti-electric shock socket is when being not inserted into plug, owing to the metal spring leaf being electrically connected on the left of the slide block of live wire deviates left jack and is placed between two jacks, therefore, even if stretching in left jack by finger or metal object, also the metal spring leaf touched on the left of slide block it is difficult to, thus avoiding electric shock accidents;And when inserting plug, owing to pin is inserted simultaneously at left and right jack, therefore, right pin will promote slide block to be moved to the left by the slope on the right side of slide block, finally make slide block symmetrical about the symmetrical plane of two jacks, now, the metal spring leaf of slide block both sides outwards props up the inner side of two pins of plug just, thus realizing normal power-up;Based on this design philosophy, it is seen then that without using brute force, and make slide block offset only with skilful power, it is achieved electricity interface purpose;Therefore, compared to current anti-electric shock socket, its plug is very easy and convenient.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is an embodiment schematic diagram of this anti-electric shock socket.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 embodiment view when plug base pin just stretches into jack.
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 embodiment view when the fully-inserted jack of plug base pin.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described:
In the embodiment shown in fig. 1, this anti-electric shock socket includes pedestal 1, and described pedestal 1 front is provided with two jacks 10,10 ';The direction of insertion of described jack 10,10 ' is orthogonal to a slideway 100 in pedestal 1;A slide block 2 it is provided with in described slideway 100;The two ends symmetry of this slide block 2 includes metal spring leaf 21,21 ', and described metal spring leaf 21,21 ' is collectively forming slope at the insulating element 22,22 ' on jack side with slider body;Wherein, described insulating element 22,22 ' forms the slope root on described slope.
In the present embodiment, being provided with slide block permanent magnet in described slide block 2, it forms S pole and N pole at slide block 2 two ends;Slideway 100 both sides are provided with the relative left permanent magnet 11 of heteropole, right permanent magnet 11 ';As it is shown in figure 1, described slide block permanent magnet and left permanent magnet 11, right permanent magnet 11 ' homopolarity are relative, therefore, described slide block 2 is repelled by described left permanent magnet 11, right permanent magnet 11 ' simultaneously;The magnetic of described left permanent magnet 11 is better than right permanent magnet 11 ';Therefore, in its natural state, described slide block 2 will be equilibrated in slideway 100 under magnetic repulsion effect and be partial to right jack 10 ' side.
Adopting the program that slide block 2 constitutes mechanics constraint, what have is clearly advantageous that, it is not necessary to adopts mechanical elastic parts, is not only difficult to damage, and it is extremely simple to assemble process.
For the difference that the magnetic of described left permanent magnet 11, right permanent magnet 11 ' is strong and weak, meet following condition: under naturalness, that is when being not inserted into plug in described socket, described slide block 2 is under magnetic repulsion retrains, the symmetrical plane of deviation said two jack 10,10 ', is biased in the right right jack 10 ' side, now, the slope root of the described slope on the right side of described slide block 2 is just to right jack 10 ', and the slope on the left of slide block is then deviateed left jack 10 and is placed between two jacks 10,10 '.In Fig. 2, the pin 41,41 ' of plug 4 has just stretched into jack 10,10 ', is equivalent to be not inserted in socket plug, it is seen then that now the right pin 41 ' of plug withstands the slope root on the slope on the right side of slide block 2 just, and left pin 41 is then unsettled;Now the left and right pin of plug 4 is all electrically isolated.
Lateral dimension for described slide block 2, the condition met is as shown in Figure 2, time in the fully-inserted socket of plug 4, due to right jack 10 ' just to described slide block 2 on the right side of slope, pushing by right pin 41 ', forcing slide block 2 to slide into extreme position to the left, now the metal spring leaf 21,22 ' of slide block 2 both sides outwards props up the inner side of two pins 41,41 ' of plug 4 just.
It addition, as shown in FIG. 1 to 3, the metal spring leaf 21,21 ' of slide block 2 left and right sides extends to the side of slide block respectively, forms moving contact 211,211 ';And the inwall of described slideway 100 is shaped with the static contact 31,31 ' matched with described moving contact 211,211 ';When plug is not fully inserted into socket, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, moving contact 211,211 ' does not contact with static contact 31,31 ';And when the fully-inserted socket of plug, as it is shown on figure 3, now, described slide block 2 slides into extreme position to the left, described moving contact 211,211 ' and static contact 31,31 ' are just in electrical contact;And described static contact 31,31 ' is electrically connected to zero live wire, specifically, static contact 31 connects live wire, and static contact 31 ' connects zero line;So, equal to there being double shield, the safety of socket is further increased.
Above-mentioned anti-electric shock socket, owing to being based on what the thought adopting skilful power to make slide block offset designed, therefore compared to current anti-electric shock socket, its plug is very easy and convenient.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any amendment of making, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. an anti-electric shock socket, including pedestal (1), described pedestal front is provided with two jacks (10,10 ');The direction of insertion of described jack (10,10 ') is orthogonal to a slideway (100) in pedestal;A slide block (2) it is provided with in described slideway;The two ends symmetry of this slide block includes metal spring leaf (21,21 '), and described metal spring leaf is in the face of formation slope, jack side;When being not inserted into plug (4) in described socket, described slide block (2) is under the effect of constraint mechanism, the symmetrical plane of deviation said two jack (10,10 '), it is biased in the right right jack (10 ') side, now, the described slope on described slide block (2) right side is for right jack (10 '), and the slope on the left of slide block is then deviateed left jack (10) and is placed between two jacks;When described socket is inserted into plug (4), right jack (10 ') just to described slide block on the right side of slope by right pin (41 ') the institute pushing and withstanding of plug, slide block (2) is forced to slide to the left, and after plug (4) is fully-inserted, slide block slides into extreme position to the left, now the metal spring leaf (21,21 ') of slide block both sides outwards props up the inner side of two pins (41,41 ') of plug just, and now, the metal spring leaf (21 ') on described slide block (2) right side connects with zero line;And the metal spring leaf (21) on the left of slide block connects with live wire;
Described constraint mechanism includes such as lower component: slideway as described in being arranged on (100) both sides, left permanent magnet (11) that heteropole is relative, right permanent magnet (11 ');It is arranged at the slide block permanent magnet in described slide block (2);Two magnetic poles of described slide block permanent magnet and described left permanent magnet (11), right permanent magnet (11 ') homopolarity are relative;The magnetic of described left permanent magnet (11) is better than right permanent magnet (11 ');
The slope of described slide block (2) both sides is collectively formed by described metal spring leaf (21,21 ') and insulating element (22,22 ');Described insulating element (22,22 ') is in the inner side of described metal spring leaf (21,21 '), and namely insulating element (22,22 ') constitutes the slope root on whole described slope;And when being not inserted into plug (4) in described socket, the slope root on the described slope on described slide block (2) right side is in the face of described right jack (10 ');
The metal spring leaf (21,21 ') of described slide block (2) left and right sides is connected with fire zero line in the following way respectively: the metal spring leaf (21,21 ') of left and right sides forms moving contact (211,211 ') to the side of slide block respectively;And the inwall of described slideway (100) is shaped with the static contact (31,31 ') matched with described moving contact;At the fully-inserted socket of plug, when making described slide block (2) slide into extreme position to the left, described moving contact (211,211 ') and static contact (31,31 ') are just in electrical contact;Otherwise, moving contact does not contact with static contact.
CN201610296755.XA 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 Plug easy and convenient anti-electric shock socket Active CN105811139B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410488098.XA CN104218361B (en) 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 Anti-electric shock socket
CN201610296755.XA CN105811139B (en) 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 Plug easy and convenient anti-electric shock socket

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610296755.XA CN105811139B (en) 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 Plug easy and convenient anti-electric shock socket

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410488098.XA Division CN104218361B (en) 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 Anti-electric shock socket

Publications (2)

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CN105811139A true CN105811139A (en) 2016-07-27
CN105811139B CN105811139B (en) 2018-06-15

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107425338A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-01 潘云江 A kind of safety power supply base device
CN108110473A (en) * 2017-08-02 2018-06-01 广州子龙智能安防科技有限公司 A kind of novel power supply base device
CN108134271A (en) * 2017-08-02 2018-06-08 广州子龙智能安防科技有限公司 A kind of power supply base device of protection against electric shock

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4072382A (en) * 1976-06-02 1978-02-07 Reschke Kurt W Safety outlet
US4722693A (en) * 1987-03-30 1988-02-02 Friedhelm Rose Safety shutters for electrical receptacles
CN2724242Y (en) * 2004-08-09 2005-09-07 刘景霞 Direct inserting shock-proof anti-slip safety socket
US20070111569A1 (en) * 2005-10-31 2007-05-17 Frantz Germain Tamper proof gfci
CN103717023A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 富泰华工业(深圳)有限公司 Sliding mechanism and electronic device with same

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4072382A (en) * 1976-06-02 1978-02-07 Reschke Kurt W Safety outlet
US4722693A (en) * 1987-03-30 1988-02-02 Friedhelm Rose Safety shutters for electrical receptacles
CN2724242Y (en) * 2004-08-09 2005-09-07 刘景霞 Direct inserting shock-proof anti-slip safety socket
US20070111569A1 (en) * 2005-10-31 2007-05-17 Frantz Germain Tamper proof gfci
CN103717023A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 富泰华工业(深圳)有限公司 Sliding mechanism and electronic device with same

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107425338A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-01 潘云江 A kind of safety power supply base device
CN108110473A (en) * 2017-08-02 2018-06-01 广州子龙智能安防科技有限公司 A kind of novel power supply base device
CN108134271A (en) * 2017-08-02 2018-06-08 广州子龙智能安防科技有限公司 A kind of power supply base device of protection against electric shock

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
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TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20180110

Address after: 362600 Yongchun County, Quanzhou City, Yu Yu Town, the village of jade bucket

Applicant after: Yongchun left ear Trading Co., Ltd.

Address before: 213000 Taihu East Road, Xinbei District, Changzhou, Jiangsu Province, No. 9

Applicant before: Wu Hao

Effective date of registration: 20180110

Address after: 362600 Yongchun County, Quanzhou City, Yu Yu Town, the village of jade bucket

Applicant after: Yongchun left ear Trading Co., Ltd.

Address before: 213000 Taihu East Road, Xinbei District, Changzhou, Jiangsu Province, No. 9

Applicant before: Wu Hao

TA01 Transfer of patent application right
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Chen Xiaomin

Inventor after: Chen Yulian

Inventor after: Zhu Bin

Inventor before: The inventor has waived the right to be mentioned

Inventor after: Chen Xiaomin

Inventor after: Chen Yulian

Inventor after: Zhu Bin

Inventor before: The inventor has waived the right to be mentioned

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Effective date of registration: 20191212

Address after: 221300 No. 1 Zhangjiagang East Road, Yitang Town, Pizhou City, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Pizhou Binhe SME Management Service Co., Ltd.

Address before: 362600 Yongchun County, Quanzhou City, Yu Yu Town, the village of jade bucket

Patentee before: Yongchun left ear Trading Co., Ltd.

Effective date of registration: 20191212

Address after: 221300 No. 1 Zhangjiagang East Road, Yitang Town, Pizhou City, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Pizhou Binhe SME Management Service Co., Ltd.

Address before: 362600 Yongchun County, Quanzhou City, Yu Yu Town, the village of jade bucket

Patentee before: Yongchun left ear Trading Co., Ltd.

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Effective date of registration: 20200323

Address after: 421000 office building 11, Yujing Nanyuan project, No. 58, Furong Road, high tech Zone, Hengyang City, Hunan Province

Patentee after: Hengyang Shengda Information Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 221300 No. 1 Zhangjiagang East Road, Yitang Town, Pizhou City, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: Pizhou Binhe SME Management Service Co., Ltd.