CN105807313B - A kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber - Google Patents

A kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105807313B
CN105807313B CN201610382692.XA CN201610382692A CN105807313B CN 105807313 B CN105807313 B CN 105807313B CN 201610382692 A CN201610382692 A CN 201610382692A CN 105807313 B CN105807313 B CN 105807313B
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China
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earthquake
laser
light guide
guide plate
signal
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CN105807313A (en
Inventor
林建宝
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Jiangsu bofanke Precision Hardware Technology Co., Ltd.
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周杨琳
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
    • G01V1/00Seismology; Seismic or acoustic prospecting or detecting
    • G01V1/008Earthquake measurement or prediction
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/10Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados or earthquakes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of earthquake alarming devices with laser and overlength optical fiber, including earthquake alarming device ontology, the earthquake alarming device ontology includes laser, optical cable, seismic wave shatters device, signal receiver and intelligent alarm system, the seismic wave shatters device including separating light guide plate, the separable light guide plate can be divided into 1 or 1 or more and each laid out in parallel, each separates light guide plate and is provided with corresponding different earthquake magnitudes, it can be separated according to the dynamics of earthquake, the laser transmitting laser generates signal, laser or signal are propagated along optical cable, separable light guide plate generates separation in the event of an earthquake or when experiencing seismic wave, laser Transmission, signal receiver signal interruption, intelligent alarms system alarm, when the signal receiver can receive signal, for earthquake does not occur normally.The present invention, simple and practical, high sensitivity can sound an alarm earthquake in advance, judge earthquake magnitude.

Description

A kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber
Technical field
The present invention relates to earthquake alarm technical field more particularly to it is a kind of with the earthquake alarm of laser and overlength optical fiber fill It sets.
Background technique
Earthquake is a kind of destructive natural calamity that impersonal force can be resisted, and earthquake can cause huge in moment Destructive power, earthquake happen occasionally from ancient times, and since manpower can not resist, what can be done is exactly to find in advance, give warning in advance, remove in time From, so earthquake prewarning device causes the great attention of the mankind, the generation that ancient times have seismograph that can predict earthquake, earthquake it It is preceding also can there are many peculiar geographical phenomenon can effective foreseeing earthquake, such as animal Novel presentation and weather exception table It is existing, but due to the development of industrialization and urbanization, this nature prediction method has been not suitable for, has nowadays all set in many places It is equipped with earthquake prewarning device, is the crystallization of modern science and technology, but effect is not very well, not to be well positioned to meet people's Demand.Currently, seismic survey and warning device mostly use at the seismic survey center of national profession or scientific research institution, due to these Machine is accurate, huge, expensive, and the sensor of these seismic survey devices will be placed into specific region and specific depth Degree, can not popularize use in resident's daily life, and when earthquake disaster occurs, resident cannot receive at the first time alarm and mention Show, and keep away calamity in time, people are often caught unprepared, it is difficult to casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level, it is existing Earthquake alarm system is there is also taking up a large area, and the forecast is inaccurate really, at high cost, is unfavorable for the shortcomings that promoting the use of.
Earthquake intensity is divided into 12 degree by China, and the earthquake of different earthquake intensitys is influenced and destroyed substantially as follows:Less than three People's insentience is spent, only instrument can just be recorded;Three degree are felt in the dead of night people;The people of four~five degree of sleeps can shy It wakes up, pendent lamp rocks;Six degree of vessel are toppled over, house slight damage;Seven~octave house is destroyed, and crack occurs in ground;Nine~ Ten degree of house collapses, ground failure are serious;11~12 degree of destructive destructions.
A kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber of the invention, simple and practical, high sensitivity can be right Earthquake sounds an alarm in advance, the series to predict an earthquake, judges the rank that earthquake occurs, avoids or mitigate disaster caused by earthquake, It is low that casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level manufacturing cost, the present invention is suitable for popularization and application, and stabilization is hardly damaged, It is high-efficient.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome problem above of the existing technology, provide a kind of with laser and overlength optical fiber Earthquake alarming device, simple and practical, high sensitivity can sound an alarm earthquake in advance, and the series to predict an earthquake judges ground The rank occurred is shaken, disaster caused by earthquake is avoided or mitigate, casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level manufacture At low cost, the present invention is suitable for popularization and application, and stabilization is hardly damaged, high-efficient.
To realize above-mentioned technical purpose and the technique effect, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
A kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber, including earthquake alarming device ontology, the earthquake report Alarm device ontology includes that laser, optical cable, seismic wave shatter device, signal receiver and intelligent alarm system, the laser, Shatter device, signal receiver and intelligent alarm system of seismic wave is successively linked in sequence by optical cable, the length of the optical cable Greater than 5 kilometers, the optical cable is mounted in stainless steel pipes, and the seismic wave shatters device including separating light guide plate, institute 1 or 1 or more and laid out in parallel can be divided by stating separable light guide plate, and each separates light guide plate and is provided with Corresponding different earthquake earthquake magnitude, each of the division separates light guide plate and can be separated according to the dynamics of earthquake, described Laser emits laser and generates signal, and the laser signal is propagated along optical cable, and the separable light guide plate is in the event of an earthquake Or separation is generated when experiencing seismic wave, the laser Transmission cannot be along optical cable transmission signal to signal receiver, institute When stating signal receiver and not receiving signal or signal interruption, the intelligent alarms system alarm is then judged as earthquake, the letter When number receiver can receive signal, for earthquake does not occur normally.
Further, each separates light guide plate and corresponds to level-one earthquake intensity or magnitude, for example, first Separable light guide plate corresponds to first order earthquake series, and Article 2 separates light guide plate and corresponds to second level earthquake series, and Article 3 can Separation light guide plate corresponds to third level earthquake series, and in case of three-level earthquake, first separable light guide plate and Article 2 can divide It will be separated from light guide plate, Article 3 separates light guide plate and will not then separate.
Further, each separates light guide plate and is provided with tip or tup and seismic wave amplification device.
Further, the seismic wave amplification device connects separable light guide plate by tip or tup, and the seismic wave is put Big device can amplify the deformational displacement or vibration amplitude that seismic wave generates or the power effect of earthquake, the seismic wave amplification device exist When experiencing earthquake or seismic wave, the tip or tup increase displacement amplitude, force tip or tup to separable light guide plate Effect, the separable light guide plate separation or broken, the signal that the laser generates Transmission in optical cable can not pass On defeated signal to signal receiver.
Further, the signal receiver can transmit in real-time reception optical cable laser signal simultaneously feeds back to intelligence It can alarm system.
Further, the intelligent alarm system includes alarm device and intelligent decision system, the intelligent decision system energy Enough according to the signal fed back in signal receiver, the separate condition that each separates light guide plate is analyzed, judges and analyzes earthquake Earthquake magnitude.
Further, the seismic wave device quantity that shatters is provided with 1 or 1 or more, and the seismic wave shatters device In parallel or series with optical cable.
Further, the intelligent alarms system can be connect with extraneous communication apparatus, external world's communication apparatus packet Include mobile phone, electronics internet or the extraneous display screen that can receive wireless signal.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. structure is simple, practical;
2. high sensitivity can sound an alarm earthquake, the series to predict an earthquake in advance, the rank that earthquake occurs is judged;
3. avoiding or mitigating disaster caused by earthquake, casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level manufacturing cost It is low;
4. the present invention is suitable for popularization and application, stabilization is hardly damaged, high-efficient.
The above description is only an overview of the technical scheme of the present invention, in order to better understand the technical means of the present invention, And can be implemented in accordance with the contents of the specification, with presently preferred embodiments of the present invention and attached drawing is cooperated to be described in detail below.This hair Bright specific embodiment is shown in detail by following embodiment and its attached drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
The drawings described herein are used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, constitutes part of this application, this hair Bright illustrative embodiments and their description are used to explain the present invention, and are not constituted improper limitations of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram with laser and the earthquake alarming device of overlength optical fiber of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of separable light guide plate in the earthquake alarming device of laser and overlength optical fiber of the present invention 7 structural schematic diagrams.
Figure label explanation:Warning device ontology 1, laser 2, optical cable 3, seismic wave shatter device 4, signal receiver 5, Intelligent alarm system 6 separates light guide plate 7, seismic wave 8, tip or tup 9, seismic wave amplification device 10.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing:
Referring to figs. 1 to shown in Fig. 2, a kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber, including earthquake alarm are filled Set ontology 1, the earthquake alarming device ontology 1 includes that laser 2, optical cable 3, seismic wave shatter device 4,5 and of signal receiver Intelligent alarm system 6, the laser 2, seismic wave shatter device 4, signal receiver 5 and intelligent alarm system 6 by optical cable 3 It is successively linked in sequence, the length of the optical cable 3 is greater than 5 kilometers, and the optical cable 3 is mounted in stainless steel pipes, describedly The seismic wave device 4 that shatters includes separable light guide plate 7, and the separable light guide plate 7 can be divided into 1 or 1 or more and arranged side by side Arrangement, each separate light guide plate 7 and are provided with corresponding different earthquake earthquake magnitude, and each of the division is separable Light guide plate 7 can be separated according to the dynamics of earthquake, and the laser 2 emits laser and generates signal, the laser signal along Optical cable 3 is propagated, and the separable light guide plate 7 generates separation, the laser transmission in the event of an earthquake or when experiencing seismic wave 8 Interrupting cannot transmit on signal to signal receiver 5 along optical cable 3, and the signal receiver 5 does not receive signal or signal interruption When, the intelligent alarms system 6 is alarmed, then be judged as earthquake, when the signal receiver 5 can receive signal, for it is normal not Earthquake occurs.
Further, each separates the corresponding level-one earthquake intensity of light guide plate 7 or magnitude, each Separable light guide plate 7 is provided with tip or tup 9 and seismic wave amplification device 10.
Further, the seismic wave amplification device 10 connects separable light guide plate 7, the earthquake by tip or tup 9 Twt amplifier 10 can amplify the deformational displacement that seismic wave 8 generates or vibration amplitude or the power effect of earthquake, the seismic wave For amplifier 10 when experiencing earthquake or seismic wave 10, the tip or tup 9 increase displacement amplitude, force tip or tup 9 Separable light guide plate 7 is acted on, the separable separation of light guide plate 7 or broken, the signal that the laser 2 generates is in optical cable 3 Middle Transmission can not transmit signals on signal receiver 5.
Further, the signal receiver 5 can transmit in real-time reception optical cable 3 laser signal is simultaneously fed back to Intelligent alarm system 6.
Further, the intelligent alarm system 6 includes alarm device and intelligent decision system, the intelligent decision system energy It is enough that the separate condition that each separates light guide plate 7 is analyzed according to the signal fed back in signal receiver 5, judge and analytically The earthquake magnitude of shake.
Further, the seismic wave 4 quantity of device that shatters is provided with 1 or 1 or more, and the seismic wave shatters device 4 with optical cable 3 in parallel or series.
Further, the intelligent alarms system 6 can be connect with extraneous communication apparatus, external world's communication apparatus packet Include mobile phone, electronics internet or the extraneous display screen that can receive wireless signal.
Specific embodiment:
User uses the present invention, a kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber, including earthquake alarming device Ontology 1, the earthquake alarming device ontology 1 include that laser 2, optical cable 3, seismic wave shatter device 4, signal receiver 5 and intelligence Can alarm system 6, the laser 2, seismic wave shatter device 4, signal receiver 5 and intelligent alarm system 6 by optical cable 3 according to Secondary to be linked in sequence, seismic wave shatters device 4 including separating light guide plate 7, the transmitting laser generation signal of laser 2, laser letter It number is propagated along optical cable 3, separable light guide plate 7 generates separation when in the event of an earthquake or experiencing seismic wave 8, in laser transmission It is disconnected, it cannot be transmitted on signal to signal receiver 5 along optical cable 3, at this point, when signal receiver 5 does not receive in signal or signal When disconnected, intelligent alarms system 6 is alarmed, then is judged as earthquake.At the same time, because separable light guide plate 7 is divided into 1 or 1 Above and laid out in parallel, each separate light guide plate 7 and are provided with corresponding different earthquake earthquake magnitude, and each separates light guide plate 7 corresponding level-one earthquake intensity or magnitude, each separate light guide plate 7 can be separated according to the dynamics of earthquake it is broken, For example, first separable light guide plate corresponds to first order earthquake series, Article 2 separates light guide plate and corresponds to second level earthquake magnitude Number, Article 3 separates light guide plate and correspond to third level earthquake series, in case of three-level earthquake, first separable light guide plate with Article 2 separates light guide plate and will separate, and Article 3 separates light guide plate and will not then separate, and user can according to each The case where separation light guide plate 7 separates judges the rank that earthquake occurs.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, and should all contain Lid is within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber, including earthquake alarming device ontology (1), feature exists In:The earthquake alarming device ontology (1) includes that laser (2), optical cable (3), seismic wave shatter device (4), signal receiver (5) and intelligent alarm system (6), the laser (2), seismic wave are shattered device (4), signal receiver (5) and intelligent alarm System (6) is successively linked in sequence by optical cable (3), and the length of the optical cable (3) is greater than 5 kilometers, the optical cable (3) installation In stainless steel pipes, the seismic wave shatter device (4) include separable light guide plate (7), separable light guide plate (7) energy Enough be divided into 1 or 1 or more and laid out in parallel, each separate light guide plate (7) be provided with it is corresponding differently Earthquake magnitude is shaken, each of the division separates light guide plate (7) and can separate according to the dynamics of earthquake, the laser (2) Emit laser and generate signal, the laser signal is propagated along optical cable (3), and the separable light guide plate (7) is in the event of an earthquake Or separation is generated when experiencing seismic wave (8), the laser Transmission cannot transmit signal to signal receiver along optical cable (3) (5) on, when the signal receiver (5) does not receive signal or signal interruption, intelligent alarms system (6) alarm is then sentenced Break as earthquake, when the signal receiver (5) can receive signal, for earthquake does not occur normally;
Seismic wave device (4) quantity that shatters is provided with 1 or 1 or more, and the seismic wave shatters device (4) and optical cable (3) in parallel or series;
The intelligent alarms system (6) can connect with extraneous communication apparatus, and external world's communication apparatus includes mobile phone, electronics Internet or the extraneous display screen that can receive wireless signal.
2. a kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Each separates light guide plate (7) corresponding level-one earthquake intensity or magnitude, and each separates light guide plate (7) setting There are tip or tup (9) and seismic wave amplification device (10).
3. a kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Seismic wave amplification device (10) connects separable light guide plate (7) by tip or tup (9), and the seismic wave amplification device (10) can The deformational displacement or vibration amplitude or the power effect of earthquake, the seismic wave amplification device (10) that amplification seismic wave (8) generates exist When experiencing earthquake or seismic wave (10), the tip or tup (9) increase displacement amplitude, force tip or tup (9) to can Light guide plate (7) effect is separated, separable light guide plate (7) separation or broken, the signal that the laser (2) generates is in optical cable (3) Transmission in can not transmit signals on signal receiver (5).
4. a kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Laser signal that signal receiver (5) can transmit in real-time reception optical cable (3) simultaneously feeds back to intelligent alarm system (6).
5. a kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Intelligent alarm system (6) includes alarm device and intelligent decision system, and the intelligent decision system can be according to signal receiver (5) The signal of middle feedback, analysis each separate the separate condition of light guide plate (7), judge and analyze the earthquake magnitude of earthquake.
CN201610382692.XA 2016-06-01 2016-06-01 A kind of earthquake alarming device with laser and overlength optical fiber Active CN105807313B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3616887B2 (en) * 1996-04-26 2005-02-02 清水建設株式会社 Foundation pile
CN101915940A (en) * 2010-07-14 2010-12-15 中国科学院半导体研究所 Optical fiber underground vertical seismic profile system
CN101915935A (en) * 2010-07-14 2010-12-15 中国科学院半导体研究所 Fiber laser downhole geophone
CN105225425A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-06 泉州黄章智能科技有限公司 A kind of optical fiber is used in the method and apparatus of earthquake alarm
CN205982656U (en) * 2016-06-01 2017-02-22 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Earthquake warning device of application laser and overlength optic fibre

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9075155B2 (en) * 2011-04-08 2015-07-07 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Optical fiber based downhole seismic sensor systems and methods

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3616887B2 (en) * 1996-04-26 2005-02-02 清水建設株式会社 Foundation pile
CN101915940A (en) * 2010-07-14 2010-12-15 中国科学院半导体研究所 Optical fiber underground vertical seismic profile system
CN101915935A (en) * 2010-07-14 2010-12-15 中国科学院半导体研究所 Fiber laser downhole geophone
CN105225425A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-06 泉州黄章智能科技有限公司 A kind of optical fiber is used in the method and apparatus of earthquake alarm
CN205982656U (en) * 2016-06-01 2017-02-22 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Earthquake warning device of application laser and overlength optic fibre

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