CN105802757B - Assign the detergent composition method that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature and detergent composition - Google Patents

Assign the detergent composition method that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature and detergent composition Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105802757B
CN105802757B CN201610223837.1A CN201610223837A CN105802757B CN 105802757 B CN105802757 B CN 105802757B CN 201610223837 A CN201610223837 A CN 201610223837A CN 105802757 B CN105802757 B CN 105802757B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
detergent composition
surfactant
selected
sodium
viscosity
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610223837.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105802757A (en
Inventor
梁智坤
张龙秋
周文杰
黄亮
沈兵
张利萍
Original Assignee
广州立白企业集团有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广州立白企业集团有限公司 filed Critical 广州立白企业集团有限公司
Priority to CN201610223837.1A priority Critical patent/CN105802757B/en
Publication of CN105802757A publication Critical patent/CN105802757A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105802757B publication Critical patent/CN105802757B/en

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/88Ampholytes; Electroneutral compounds
    • C11D1/94Mixtures with anionic, cationic, or non-ionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D11/00Special methods for preparing compositions containing mixtures of detergents ; Methods for using cleaning compositions
    • C11D11/0094Process for making liquid detergent compositions, e.g. slurries, pastes, gels
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2003Alcohols; Phenols
    • C11D3/2065Polyhydric alcohols
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2075Carboxylic acids-salts thereof
    • C11D3/2079Monocarboxylic acids-salts thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/26Organic compounds containing nitrogen
    • C11D3/33Amino carboxylic acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/34Organic compounds containing sulfur
    • C11D3/349Organic compounds containing sulfur additionally containing nitrogen atoms, e.g. nitro, nitroso, amino, imino, nitrilo, nitrile groups containing compounds or their derivatives, thio urea
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/14Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons or mono-alcohols
    • C11D1/143Sulfonic acid esters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/29Sulfates of polyoxyalkylene ethers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/72Ethers of polyoxyalkylene glycols
    • C11D1/721End blocked ethers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/88Ampholytes; Electroneutral compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/88Ampholytes; Electroneutral compounds
    • C11D1/90Betaines

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of detergent composition for assigning the detergent composition method that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature and correlation, it uses 2% to 20% special amphoteric surfactant, and the zwitterionic surfactant meets following condition:1) it is selected from two or three of mixture of amino acid type amphoteric surfactant, betaine type amphoteric surfactant and Imidazoline Surfactants;2) a kind of amino acid type amphoteric surfactant is at least contained.The wide temperature range is 0 DEG C to 40 DEG C, and the change of viscosity small range refers to that range of viscosities is 500mPas to 5500mPas.The detergent composition prepared using the above method is easy to use conventional push type pump head to extrude, can effectively prevent because winter mercury dropped and caused by pump head block.

Description

Assign the detergent composition side that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature Method and detergent composition

Technical field

The invention belongs to daily chemical product technical field, more particularly to one kind viscosity small range in wide temperature range The detergent composition of change.

Background technology

The application study of amino acid type surfactant starts from 19 century 70s, is mainly used in medicine and cosmetics are prevented In corruption, there is preferable antiviral property.In recent years, amino acid type surfactant is because its premium properties is by more and more sections The concern of team is ground, its application field also further expands.Amino acid type surfactant can simply be divided by the difference of structure For two classes:1) formed by being connected with each other between fats a-amino acid by amido bond;2) by natural alpha-amino acid and long fat Chain is connected composition by alpha-amido, α-carboxyl or branched group.At present both at home and abroad it is main study and application for the latter, its In, N- acyl groups, O- acyl groups, N- amino compounds and its esters because its there is hypotoxicity and high biodegradability and by The extensive attention of detergents and cosmetic industry.

In daily use chemicals industry, generally there is different viscosity requirements for the detergent of different purposes, such as shower cream and washed The general ratio of viscosities of hand liquid is higher, and this is to extend detergent when in use in the residence time of hand, be easy to smear, be unlikely to Flow down at once.But in general the viscosity of detergent can change on a large scale with temperature, when temperature is higher, washing Agent viscosity is too low, can not cling on hand;Temperature than it is relatively low when, detergent viscosity is too high and causes shower nozzle to block, these lack Point has severely impacted the use feeling of consumer.

When amino acid type surfactant is applied to liquid detergent, often occur that thickening is difficult or even what can not be thickened asks Topic.All big enterprises mainly solve by adding various macromolecule thickeners to add at present.Although macromolecule can solve the problems, such as thickening, But product can be made to increase other defect, as there is gel during low temperature;Easily there is metachromatism in high temperature;Live on amino acid pattern surface The foam characteristic of property agent is suppressed;Skin sense is by polymeric impact during cleaning, and performance is sticky, cleaning dirty, residual sense is strong;High score The high price of son ties up formulation cost space;Can not solve the problems, such as that the change fluctuation of detergent viscosity with temperature is excessive.Make a general survey of state Inside and outside open source literature, it is still a kind of with the related detergent group that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature without occurring Compound.

The content of the invention

In order to overcome detergent viscosity with temperature change fluctuation it is excessive and cause influence consumer's use feeling the problem of (tool It is that detergent viscosity is too low, can not cling on hand when temperature is higher that body, which is cashed,;Temperature than it is relatively low when, detergent glues Spend high and cause shower nozzle to block), it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of imparting detergent composition in extensive temperature model Enclose the method for interior viscosity small range change and compositions related.The present inventor is surprisingly, it was found that pass through amophoteric surface active The compounding of agent realizes that detergent composition viscosity small range within the scope of extensive temperature changes.

The purpose of the present invention is realized using following technical scheme.

The detergent composition of a kind of change of the viscosity small range in wide temperature range of the present invention, comprising following Material composition:

1) 2% to 20% zwitterionic surfactant;

2) 0.01% to 30% other surfaces activating agent, the other surfaces activating agent be anion surfactant, One or two kinds of mixture in nonionic surfactant;

3) 0.01% to 5.0% chelating agent;

4) 0.01% to 20% cosolvent;

5) 0.01% to 2.0% preservative.

The present invention detergent composition that viscosity small range changes in wide temperature range, described wide temperature range It is 0 DEG C to 40 DEG C;The change of viscosity small range refers to that range of viscosities is 500mPas to 5500mPas.

The detergent composition of the present invention, the zwitterionic surfactant meet following condition:

1) it is selected from amino acid type amphoteric surfactant, betaine type amphoteric surfactant and Imidazoline Surfactants Two or three of mixture;

2) a kind of amino acid type amphoteric surfactant is at least contained.

Detergent composition of the present invention, the amino acid type amphoteric surfactant are selected from one kind or more of following compound The mixture of kind:

1) N- fatty acyl groups alanine derivatives;

2) N- fatty acyl groups sarcosine derivative;

3) N- fatty acyl groups glutamate derivatives;

Fatty acyl group is selected from the group of following structure:CnH2n+1, n is 8 to 22 positive integer;Above-mentioned salt includes cation, The cation be selected from sodium ion, potassium ion, ammonium ion, organic amine ammonium root cation one or more mixtures.

The detergent composition of the present invention, the betaine type amphoteric surfactant are selected from alkyl betaine, fatty acid amide sweet tea Any of dish alkali, fattyamidopropyl betaine, fatty amide propyl hydroxypropyl sulfonated betaine are two or more Mixture;The Imidazoline Surfactants are selected from acetate alkyl sodium form imidazoline, fatty acid type imidazoline, sulfonic acid type imidazoles Any of quinoline or two or more mixtures.

The detergent composition of the present invention, the anion surfactant are selected from:Sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol, AEO carboxylic acid sodium, sodium alkyl sulfate, sodium alkyl benzene sulfonate, sodium alkyl sulfonate, α-sodium olefin sulfonate, fat Any of sour methyl ester sulfonate, sulfosuccinic acid ester sodium salt or two or more mixtures.

Detergent composition of the present invention, the sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol, fatty alcohol alkyl chain therein are preferred For the straight chained alkyl of 12 to 16 carbon atoms;The average adduct number of the oxirane of alcohol ether is 1 to 3.

The detergent composition of the present invention, the nonionic surfactant are selected from AEO, collateralization In AEO, alkanolamide, alkyl-glucoside, sucrose ester, polyglyceryl fatty acid ester, amine oxide it is any or The two or more mixture of person.

The present invention detergent composition, the cosolvent in ethanol, propane diols, glycerine it is any one or two kinds of with On mixture;The preservative be sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, methylisothiazolinone, it is any in Phenoxyethanol or Two or more mixtures.

Detergent composition of the present invention, described detergent composition, its further comprising light stabilizer, antioxidant, The one or more mixture of essence.

Detergent composition of the present invention, described detergent composition, it is substantially free of inorganic salts and macromolecule thickener.

The detergent composition of the present invention has the following advantages that and beneficial functional:

1st, detergent composition of the invention, compared with conventional conventional detergent composition, without using inorganic salts or Person's macromolecule thickens, and has the characteristics of green natural.

2nd, its feature of the invention is to have selected suitable amphoteric surfactant to compound so that even if the detergent does not make Thickened with inorganic salts or macromolecule, the viscosity of system can also be increased by adjusting appropriate pH value, be different from traditional wash Wash the thickening means of agent.While thickener cost has been saved, because the detergent composition with the addition of substantial amounts of amino acid Type surfactant, it is almost non-toxic harmless, in use to human body skin as mild as a dove, and effectively it can reduce in formula Stimulation and residual of other anion surfactants to hand skin, there is the characteristics of green natural.

3rd, in addition, the detergent composition has good stability in high temperature and low temperature viscosity, at 0 DEG C to 40 DEG C, it is viscous Degree can be maintained at 500mPas to 5500mPas, and it is too low in summer viscosity to substantially improve conventional liquid detergent, in winter The shortcomings that viscosity is too high.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the detergent viscosity-temperature curve figure (0 DEG C to 45 DEG C) of the embodiment of the present invention 1.

Fig. 2 is the detergent viscosity-temperature curve figure (0 DEG C to 45 DEG C) of the embodiment of the present invention 3.

Embodiment

Preferably amphion of the invention compounds to form vermiculate glues, and obtained detergent composition product has well Viscosity temperature characteristic.The special surface activating agent and auxiliary combination at least contain a kind of special amphoteric surfactant, pass through this The combination of special surface activating agent and system pH regulation of sample so that surfactant micellar is easily from lameller micelles to vermiform Micella changes, and increases viscosity.

For those skilled in the art, it is feature of the invention, beneficial by reading the content of this disclosure Effect and advantage will become obvious.

Except as otherwise noted, all percentages, fraction and ratio are calculated by the gross weight of the present composition.Remove Non- otherwise indicated, all wt about ingredients listed gives the content of active material, thus they be not included in it is commercially available The solvent or accessory substance that may be included in the material of acquisition.This paper terms " weight content " available symbols " % " represent.

Except as otherwise noted, the environment at 25 DEG C occurs for all preparations and test herein.

Herein " comprising ", "comprising", " containing ", " containing ", " having " or other variants be intended to it is non-enclosed including, Do not distinguished between these terms.Term "comprising" refers to that the other steps for not influenceing final result and composition can be added.Term "comprising" also includes term " Consists of " and "consisting essentially of ...".The compositions and methods of the invention/technique can include, It is made from it and substantially by essential elements described herein and limit entry and described herein any additional or optional Composition, component, step or limit entry composition.

Herein " being substantially free of ", " not adding " or other variants be intended to it is non-enclosed do not include, these terms it Between do not distinguish.Term " being substantially free of " refers to without artificially addition or certain material addition below 0.1%.

Detergent composition

The liquid detergent composition of the present invention includes fabric detergent compositions or tableware cleaning detergent composition, has Body is selected from the group of following composition:Fabric detergent compositions, liquid hand dish washing detergent compositions, the automatic dish of liquid Detergent composition.

The detergent composition of the present invention with the substrate (i.e. textile article and tableware) for needing to contact in water by connecting Touch, so that by the greasiness removal of substrate surface, reach the purpose for cleaning substrate surface.

Described fabric detergent compositions and tableware Cleasing compositions are typically also comprising surfactant system and other Common washing assisant such as viscosity modifier, enzyme preparation, spices etc..

Viscosity

Liquid in flowing, use viscous by the viscosity of the property, referred to as liquid that are rubbed in its intermolecular generation, sticky size Degree represents.Viscosity is that one kind of fluid viscosity is measured, and is that fluid flow forces are represented one kind of its internal friction phenomenon.Viscosity Big performance internal friction is big, and molecular weight is bigger, and hydrocarbon combination is more, and this strength is also bigger.

Viscosity is generally divided into:Dynamic viscosity, kinematic viscosity, specific viscosity.Dynamic viscosity refers to:Use unit distance Unit area liquid layer, produce the power needed for unit flow velocity.In the International System of Units, dynamic viscosity unit is Pas, dynamic viscosity Characterize the coefficient of internal friction of liquid viscosity;Kinematic viscosity is the ratio between the dynamic viscosity of fluid and synthermal lower fluid density ρ.Bar Part viscosity:Finger uses the viscosity represented with condition name measured by different particular viscosity meters.Liquids in general detergent glues Degree is characterized with dynamic viscosity, the viscosity of generally use rotary viscosity measuring liquid detergent.

The viscosity being previously mentioned in the present invention is dynamic viscosity, and the composition is tested in different temperatures using rotation viscometer Under viscosity, obtain specific viscosity value.

Viscosity-temperature curve and rate of change in viscosity

The rate of change in viscosity of liquid detergent has large effect to the performance of liquid detergent, particularly to low temperature Under performance.The rate of change in viscosity of liquid detergent is smaller, detergency, detersive efficiency and foam performance at low temperature Better.For from microcosmic meaning, viscosity is the performance of molecular thermalmotion.Temperature raises, the warm-up movement aggravation of molecule in liquid, The average speed increase of molecular motion, the time of contact with closing on molecule shorten, and fluid molecule intermolecular forces reduce, therefore viscosity Reduce;Temperature reduces, and the warm-up movement decrease of molecule, the average speed of molecular motion reduce in liquid, the contact with closing on molecule Time is elongated, and fluid molecule intermolecular forces become big, therefore viscosity is reduced;The degree of viscosity with temperature change also has with many factors Close, such as the chemical composition of material, viscous flow activation energy, viscosity size etc..

The viscosity-temperature curve being previously mentioned in the present invention generally refers to the rate of change of viscosity with temperature, and different changes is mainly discussed Learn influence of the composition to rate of change in viscosity, mentioned in the present invention viscosity B coefficent is small in extensive range of temperature refers to When temperature change is 0 DEG C to 40 DEG C, the spread of viscosity of composition is in 500mPas between 5500mPas;

Inorganic salts

Heretofore described salt is the electrolyte that relative molecular mass is less than 1000.The anionic group of salt is selected from sulfuric acid Radical ion, chlorion, nitrate ion, citrate ion, hydroxide ion, oxalate denominationby, sulfite ion, chloric acid The group of one kind or composition in radical ion and hypochlorite ion;The cation group of salt include lithium ion, sodium ion, potassium from The group of one kind or composition in son, rubidium ion, calcium ion, magnesium ion, ammonium ion, preferably sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sulfuric acid Any one in sodium, ammonium chloride, calcium chloride, magnesium chloride and sodium citrate or two or more mixtures.

Macromolecule thickener

Macromolecule thickener of the present invention refers in particular to water miscible macromolecule thickening material, such as starch, gelatin, alginic acid Sodium, guar gum, crust glue, gum arabic, xanthans, soybean protein glue, polyacrylamide, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrole Alkanone, modified paraffin resin, carbomer, butadiene-styrene rubber etc..

PH scopes

PH value is to embody certain solution or the method for expressing of material acid-base value, and the pH value of detergent combination of the present invention directly affects Its property, pH scopes described herein, which refer to detergent composition of the present invention, can keep the spy that viscosity B coefficent is small in its wide model temperature range Property acid-base value scope, the pH scopes of the detergent composition are 4.0 to 8.0, and preferably pH scopes are 4.0 to 6.5.

Surfactant system

The surfactant system of detergent composition of the present invention includes, but is not restricted to:Anionic surface is lived Property agent, nonionic surfactant, cationic surfactant, one kind of zwitterionic surfactant and its a variety of mixing Thing.Preferable surfactant system includes the mixture of anion surfactant and nonionic surfactant.

Zwitterionic surfactant

The content of zwitterionic surfactant is the 2% to 20% of mixture, is calculated with total weight of the mixture.

Zwitterionic surfactant is selected from betaine type amphoteric surfactant, Imidazoline Surfactants, amino acid pattern Surfactant, amine oxide type surfactant;Including but not limited to:Alkyl betaine, fatty acid amide glycine betaine, fatty acyl Amine CAB, fatty amide propyl hydroxypropyl sulfonated betaine, including acetate alkyl sodium form imidazoline, fatty acid type imidazoles Quinoline, sulfonic acid type imidazoline;Alanine derivatives, glycine derivative;Alkyl dimethyl amine oxide, fatty acyl aminocarbonyl propyl two Methyl oxidation amine etc..

Anion surfactant

The content of anion surfactant is the 0.01% to 30% of mixture, is calculated with total weight of the mixture.

Anion surfactant is selected from sulfonate surfactant, carboxylate surfactant, sulfate type table One or more mixtures of face activating agent;Alkylbenzenesulfonate preferably is selected from, C8 to C18 alkyl sulfate, C8 is to C18's Ethoxylated fatty alcohol sulfate, alpha-alkene sulfonate, fatty acid alkyl ester sulfonate, ethoxylized fatty alcohol ether carboxylate One kind, and their mixture.

In some embodiments, the mixture of anion surfactant preferably comprises alkylbenzenesulfonate and its derivative Thing.The alkylbenzenesulfonate meets below formula:

Wherein R1 be carbon number be 6 to 24 alkyl, M+For cation.R1 can be the alkyl or side chain of straight chain Alkyl;Can be the alkyl of saturation or the alkyl containing one or more unsaturated double-bonds.Further preferred R1 is carbon Number is 8 to 18 straight chained alkyl.In some embodiments, the mixture of anion surfactant contains the fat of ethoxylation Fat alcohol sulfate.Ethoxylated fatty alcohol sulfate is the derivative of ethoxylate fatty alcohol, has below formula:

Wherein R1 is the alkyl that carbon number is 6 to 24;X is 0.5 to 30;Wherein M+For cation.R1 can be the alkane of straight chain The alkyl of base or side chain;Can be the alkyl of saturation or the alkane containing one or more unsaturated double-bonds Base.It is preferred that R1 is the straight chained alkyl that carbon number is 8 to 18.X represents average ethoxylation degree, is 0.5 to 30, preferably 0.5 to 10, More preferably 0.5 to 3.

In some embodiments, containing alpha-alkene sulfonate, there is below formula:

Wherein a is that 0 to 2, R1 is the alkyl that carbon number is 6 to 24, and preferably R1 is the alkyl that carbon number is 8 to 18.It is described it is cloudy from Sub- surfactant can also include one kind of alkyl sodium disulfonate or derivatives thereof and a variety of mixtures, preferably alkyl diphenyl ether Sodium disulfonate, suitable example are disodium 4-dodecyl-2,4 '-oxydibenzenesulfonate salt.Fatty acid alkyl esters sulfate can also be contained, preferably For fatty acid methyl ester sulfate (MES), aliphatic acid carbon number preferably 8 to 18.Sulfosuccinate can also be included, is preferably Disodium alkyl polyoxyethylene sulfosuccinate, fatty alcohol carbon number preferably 8 to 18, average ethoxylation degree Preferably 2.0.

Nonionic surfactant

The content of nonionic surfactant is the 0.01% to 30% of mixture, is calculated with total weight of the mixture.

Nonionic surfactant is selected from fatty alcohol alkoxy compound, APG, fatty acid alkoxylates, fat Sour ethoxylate, fatty acid alkyl alcohol amide, one or more of mixtures of ethoxylated sorbitan acid alcohol ester.

In some embodiments, non-ionic surfactant mixture preferably comprises fatty alcohol alkoxy compound, described Fatty alcohol alkoxy compound has below general formula:

Described fatty alcohol alkoxy compound is the ring-opening polymerisation under base catalyst effect of fatty alcohol and epoxyalkane Product, substantially mixture.Fatty alcohol includes the isomery alcohol of straight chain alcohol or side chain.Alkoxy grp includes ethoxy group and the third oxygen Group.The preferred carbon number of fatty alcohol is 8 to 18 fatty alcohol, and preferable alcohol includes but is not limited to hexanol, octanol decyl alcohol, 2- ethyls Alcohol, 3- propyl enanthols, laruyl alcohol, different three decyl alcohol, tridecanol, tetradecanol are hexadecanol, Palmitoleyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, different Stearyl alcohol, oleyl alcohol, sub- oleyl alcohol, one kind of linolenyl alcohol and its mixture.Average ethoxylation degree x preferably 2 to 12.Suitable example SHELL companies NEODOL series linear primary alcohol ethoxylate products, the ethoxylation of DOW companies ECOSURF.EH series and Third oxidation 2-ethylhexanol product.

In some embodiments, non-ionic surfactant mixture preferably comprises APG, has following logical Formula:

Wherein, n is that 6 to 24, p is 1.1 to 3, and preferably n is 8 to 16.Suitable APG such as BASF AG Glucopon series APG products.

Non-ionic surfactant mixture can contain fatty acid alkoxylates, preferably be selected from ethoxylation C8 to C18 Fatty acid ester, average ethoxylation degree are 2 to 10.Ethoxylated sorbitan acid alcohol Arrcostab, alkyl carbon number can be contained For 6 to 18, average ethoxyquin degree is 4 to 20;Suitable example is Corda company's T ween series of products.

Non-ionic surfactant mixture can contain fatty acid alkyl alcohol amide, and the carbon number of aliphatic acid is 6 to 24, can Can be the aliphatic acid of saturation or undersaturated fat to be the aliphatic acid of straight chain or the aliphatic acid of side chain Acid;Alkylol number is 0 to 2.Preferred fatty acid carbon number be 8 to 18 a glycollic amide, diglycollic amide, isopropanol amide, Suitable example is coconut acid diethanolamide.

Non-ionic surfactant mixture can contain fatty acid methyl ester ethoxylate, and formula is as follows:

Wherein, n is 6 to 24;X is 2 to 20, and preferably n is that 8 to 18, x is 0.5 to 30.It is preferred that x is 4 to 10.Suitable example It is LION companies MEE products.Non-ionic surfactant mixture can contain polyether surfactant.Live on polyether-type surface Property agent be a kind of polymer, contain oxidation ethylene and/or aoxidize trimethylene repeat unit nonionic surfactant, suitable example Son such as BASF AG's Pluronic series of products.

Optional member

Detergent composition of the present invention includes following optional additive:Alkaline agent, preservative, colouring agent, color The mixture of one or more compositions of stabilizer and essence.

Detergent composition of the present invention can include one or more alkaline agents, and alkaline agent is selected from sodium hydroxide, hydrogen-oxygen Change potassium, alkali carbonate, the silicate of alkali metal.

In some embodiments, detergent composition of the present invention preferably comprises preservative, and suitable example is Phenoxy group alcohol, sodium benzoate;OIT and its derivative such as methylisothiazolinone, methylchloroisothiazandnone, benzo One kind of OIT or its mixture.Preservative dosage is 0.001% to 5%, preferably 0.01% to 2%.

In some embodiments, detergent composition of the present invention contains colouring agent, and the colouring agent includes dye Material and pigment.Colouring agent includes all colouring agents applied in cleaning product, suitable example such as acid red G, alkaline product It is red, Methanil Yellow G, Acid Light Yellow G, alkaline yolk, direct fast blue B2RL, indigo-blue etc..

In some embodiments, detergent composition of the present invention contains colour stabilizer.Colour stabilizer bag Containing all colour stabilizers that can be applied in cleaning product.

Detergent composition of the present invention preferably comprises spices, and the spices bag is applied to cleaning product containing all Fragrance component.The spices used of the present invention can be natural origin or the product of chemical synthesis, or the two is mixed Compound.Suitable example such as lemon, rose, jasmine, lavender, citrus is fragrant, blue or green fragrant, banksia rose etc..

Except above-mentioned optional member, detergent composition of the invention can also include:Water, organic solvent, cosolvent, solubilising Agent, structural agent, promote the various common and conventional additives such as infusion, foam inhibitor, fabric softener, anti wrinkling agent.These add It is all well-known to those skilled in the art to add agent and associated method of use, and the selection of its specific type and dosage can basis It is actually needed and is adjusted.

Preparation and application method

The detergent composition of the present invention is prepared using various methods well-known to those skilled in the art.The composition Preparation can be carried out by conventional meanses, specifically should be according to the stabilization of the state of component in the solution and effect, and component The suitable processing temperature of Sexual behavior mode and process time.

The application method of the detergent composition of the present invention is well-known to those skilled in the art, typical application method It is by specific detergent composition embodiment in a manner of undiluted or in the way of being diluted in water, and washed object Surface contacts, and then rinses the surface of washed object.Preferably, be washed object above-mentioned contact procedure and rinse step it Between carry out washing step.Washing step includes but is not limited to clean and mechanical agitation.Washed object includes fabric and tableware.Institute It is about 500ppm to 10000ppm to state detergent composition concentration in water, and water temperature is preferably 5 DEG C to about 60 DEG C.Water is with being washed The ratio of object is preferably from about 1:1 to about 20:1.

Without being further described, it is believed that those skilled in the art can use this to greatest extent using described above Invention.The following examples purpose is to be further described and shows specific embodiment within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, it is real Apply example to be interpreted as being only used for showing the present invention in more detail, without the content limiting the invention in any way.

In following examples, except as otherwise noted, all contents are weight percentages, and relevant ingredients listed contains Amount is the content of the active material by conversion.

A kind of detergent composition of viscosity small range in wide temperature range change of the present invention, can be also simply referred to as one Plant from thickening property detergent composition.

The present invention is described in further detail below by way of specific preferred embodiment combination effete test embodiment content, but this Invention is not limited in following embodiment.

Embodiment 1

One kind is from thickening property detergent composition, raw material components and content comprising table 1 below:

The formula from thickening property detergent composition of the embodiment 1 of table 1 forms

According to the formulation content of table 1, deionized water and sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol are put into first, after stirring and dissolving Put into other surfaces activating agent, pH is adjusted to 7.0 to 7.5, input chelating agent, preservative and other auxiliary agents, then by pH adjust to 5.8 to 6.4.Qualified products are stood to basic non-foam, you can filling is finished detergent composition.

Embodiment 2

One kind is from thickening property detergent composition, raw material components and content comprising table 2 below:

The formula from thickening property detergent composition of the embodiment 2 of table 2 forms

Raw material components Role Percentage by weight (%) Myristoyl glutamate potassium Surfactant 7.0 Cocamidopropyl propyl amide Sweet tea alkali Surfactant 12.0 Sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol Surfactant 7.0 Sodium olefin sulfonate Surfactant 2.0 AEO -9 Surfactant 1.0 Glycerine Solvent 2.0 Disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate Chelating agent 0.1 Sodium benzoate Preservative 0.2 Methylisothiazolinone Preservative 0.04 Deionized water Solvent Surplus (adds to 100%)

According to the formulation content of table 2, deionized water and sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol are put into first, after stirring and dissolving Put into other surfaces activating agent, pH is adjusted to 7.0 to 7.5, input chelating agent, preservative and other auxiliary agents, then by pH adjust to 5.4 to 6.1.Qualified products are stood to basic non-foam, you can filling is finished detergent composition.

Embodiment 3

One kind is from thickening property detergent composition, raw material components and content comprising table 3 below:

The formula from thickening property detergent composition of the embodiment 3 of table 3 forms

According to the formulation content of table 3, deionized water and sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol are put into first, after stirring and dissolving Put into other surfaces activating agent, pH is adjusted to 7.0 to 7.5, input chelating agent, preservative and other auxiliary agents, then by pH adjust to 5.5 to 6.2.Qualified products are stood to basic non-foam, you can filling is finished detergent composition.

Embodiment 4

One kind is from thickening property detergent composition, raw material components and content comprising table 4 below:

The formula from thickening property detergent composition of the embodiment 4 of table 4 forms

Raw material components Role Percentage by weight (%) Sodium lauroyl sarcosine Surfactant 1.5 Cocamidopropyl propyl amide Sweet tea alkali Surfactant 3.0 Sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol Surfactant 2.5 Sodium olefin sulfonate Surfactant 0.1 AEO -9 Surfactant 0.1 Glycerine Solvent 2.0 Disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate Chelating agent 0.1 Sodium benzoate Preservative 0.2 Methylisothiazolinone Preservative 0.04 Deionized water Solvent Surplus (adds to 100%)

According to the formulation content of table 4, deionized water and sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol are put into first, after stirring and dissolving Put into other surfaces activating agent, pH is adjusted to 7.0 to 7.5, input chelating agent, preservative and other auxiliary agents, then by pH adjust to 4.5 to 5.2.Qualified products are stood to basic non-foam, you can filling is finished detergent composition.

Effect application test example

1st, visual inspection is tested

Detergent composition of the present invention is clear transparent solutions, may according to used specific surfactant base Can slightly have faint yellow.Following table is the visual inspection result that the invention detergent composition is deposited 1 month under different temperatures.Table 5 visual inspection the results lists

As can be seen from Table 5,4 embodiments can keep stable in 0 DEG C to 45 DEG C of temperature change, wherein implementing Example 1, embodiment 3 and embodiment 4 can also keep stable even in -5 DEG C, therefore the Betengent product is even in summer and winter Stability can be still kept under a little extreme weathers, is easy to store.

2nd, detergent composition viscosity-temperature curve method of testing

The embodiment of the present invention 1, viscosity-temperature curve such as Fig. 1 of the detergent composition obtained by 3, shown in 2.Wherein, rheology is surveyed It is 0 DEG C to 40 DEG C to try temperature, shearing force 1s-1.From figure 1 it appears that the viscosity of composition 1 is at 0 DEG C 2200mPas, at 40 DEG C, viscosity 500mPas, its viscosity-temperature curve maximum is 5500mPas, and its temperature is 12 ℃。

Similarly, from figure 2 it can be seen that the spread of viscosity of composition 3 is 400mPas to 3300mPas.From The above results are, it is apparent that detergent composition of the present invention difference has at 0 DEG C to 40 DEG C with general liquid detergent In the range of, the small feature of viscosity B coefficent, winter can be significantly improved because temperature is too low, detergent viscosity is too high can not be by shower nozzle pump Go out, summer does not have the shortcomings that viscosity because of the too high detergent of temperature.

The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, any formal limitation not is made to the present invention, therefore It is every without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, what the technical spirit according to the present invention was made to above example any simply repaiies Change, equivalent variations and modification, in the range of still falling within technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of assign the detergent composition method that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature, it is characterised in that Include 2% to 20% zwitterionic surfactant;The zwitterionic surfactant meets following condition:
1) it is selected from amino acid type amphoteric surfactant, two kinds of betaine type amphoteric surfactant and Imidazoline Surfactants Or three kinds of mixture;
2) a kind of amino acid type amphoteric surfactant is at least contained;
Extensive temperature range refers to 0 DEG C to 40 DEG C;The change of viscosity small range refers to range of viscosities for 500mPas extremely 5500mPa·s。
2. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that:The amino acid type amphoteric surfactant is selected from N- fat One or more mixtures in acylalaninies salt, N- fatty acyl sarcosinates, N- fatty acyl group glutamates;
Fatty acyl group is selected from the group of following structure:CnH2n+1, n is 8 to 22 positive integer;Above-mentioned amino acid type amphoteric surface Activating agent includes cation, the cation be selected from sodium ion, potassium ion, ammonium ion, organic amine ammonium root cation one Kind or a variety of mixtures.
3. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that:The betaine type amphoteric surfactant is selected from alkyl betaines Any of alkali, fatty acid amide glycine betaine, fattyamidopropyl betaine, fatty amide propyl hydroxypropyl sulfonated betaine or The two or more mixture of person;The Imidazoline Surfactants are selected from acetate alkyl sodium form imidazoline, fatty acid type imidazoles Any of quinoline, sulfonic acid type imidazoline or two or more mixtures.
4. a kind of detergent composition of the change of the viscosity small range within the scope of extensive temperature, it is characterised in that include:
1) 2% to 20% zwitterionic surfactant;The zwitterionic surfactant meets following condition:
Selected from amino acid type amphoteric surfactant, two kinds of betaine type amphoteric surfactant and Imidazoline Surfactants or A variety of mixtures;And at least contain a kind of amino acid type amphoteric surfactant;
2) 0.01% to 30% other surfaces activating agent, the other surfaces activating agent be anion surfactant, it is non-from At least one of sub- surfactant or two kinds of mixture;
3) 0.01% to 5.0% chelating agent;
4) 0.01% to 20% cosolvent;
5) 0.01% to 2.0% preservative;
Described wide temperature range is 0 DEG C to 40 DEG C;The change of viscosity small range refers to range of viscosities for 500mPas extremely 5500mPa·s。
5. detergent composition according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The amino acid type amphoteric surfactant choosing From appointing in N- fatty acyl groups alanine derivatives, N- fatty acyl groups sarcosine derivative and N- fatty acyl group glutamate derivatives One or more mixtures;
Fatty acyl group is selected from the group of following structure:CnH2n+1, n is 8 to 22 positive integer;
Above-mentioned amino acid type amphoteric surfactant includes cation, the cation be selected from sodium ion, potassium ion, ammonium root from One or more mixtures of sub, organic amine ammonium root cation.
6. detergent composition according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The betaine type amphoteric surfactant is selected from alkane Appointing in base glycine betaine, fatty acid amide glycine betaine, fattyamidopropyl betaine, fatty amide propyl hydroxypropyl sulfonated betaine One or more kinds of mixtures;The Imidazoline Surfactants are selected from acetate alkyl sodium form imidazoline, aliphatic acid Any of type imidazoline, sulfonic acid type imidazoline or two or more mixtures.
7. detergent composition according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The anion surfactant is selected from fat Alcohol polyethenoxy ether sodium sulfate, AEO carboxylic acid sodium, sodium alkyl sulfate, sodium alkyl benzene sulfonate, alkyl sulfonic acid Any of sodium, α-sodium olefin sulfonate, methyl sodiosul foaliphatate, sulfosuccinic acid ester sodium salt or two or more mixing Thing;Fatty alcohol alkyl chain is preferably the straight chained alkyl of 12 to 16 carbon atoms;The average adduct number of the oxirane of alcohol ether is 1 to 3;
The nonionic surfactant is selected from AEO, alkanolamide, alkyl-glucoside, sucrose ester, poly- Any or two or more mixture in fatty acid glyceride, amine oxide.
8. detergent composition according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The cosolvent is selected from ethanol, propane diols, glycerine In any one or more mixture;The preservative is sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, methylisothiazolinone, benzene oxygen Any or two or more mixture in ethanol.
9. detergent composition according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It further comprises light stabilizer, antioxygen One or more mixtures in agent, essence;And said composition does not add inorganic salts and macromolecule thickener.
CN201610223837.1A 2016-04-11 2016-04-11 Assign the detergent composition method that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature and detergent composition CN105802757B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610223837.1A CN105802757B (en) 2016-04-11 2016-04-11 Assign the detergent composition method that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature and detergent composition

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610223837.1A CN105802757B (en) 2016-04-11 2016-04-11 Assign the detergent composition method that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature and detergent composition

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105802757A CN105802757A (en) 2016-07-27
CN105802757B true CN105802757B (en) 2018-03-27

Family

ID=56460304

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610223837.1A CN105802757B (en) 2016-04-11 2016-04-11 Assign the detergent composition method that viscosity small range changes within the scope of extensive temperature and detergent composition

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105802757B (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106590981A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-04-26 苏州三君日化科技有限公司 Laundry detergent containing sodium lauroyl sarcosine salt and cocoamido sodium propionate
EP3572491A1 (en) 2018-05-24 2019-11-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Spray container comprising a detergent composition
EP3572489A1 (en) 2018-05-24 2019-11-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Spray container comprising a detergent composition

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102028627B (en) * 2010-11-22 2015-04-29 苏州元素集化学工业有限公司 Thick cleaning composition
CN102559406A (en) * 2011-08-06 2012-07-11 威莱(广州)日用品有限公司 Compound type cleaning solution
CN104531383B (en) * 2014-12-15 2018-07-24 广州立白企业集团有限公司 A kind of liquid detergent composition and the method for adjusting its rheological property
CN104611150B (en) * 2015-02-12 2017-10-17 福建省轻工业研究所 A kind of detergent clarifying, stablize of the soapberry extract containing high concentration

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105802757A (en) 2016-07-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106659658B (en) Aqueous surfactant composition
US9187716B2 (en) Structured surfactant system
US4668422A (en) Liquid hand-soap or bubble bath composition
JP2608127B2 (en) Conditioning agents and liquid detergents containing high amounts of alkyl sulphate / alkyl ethoxylated sulfates
ES2282305T3 (en) Detergent and quick dry cleaning products, in special liquid detergent for handwashing of dishwasher.
CN1827759B (en) Surfactant composition
DE60218456T2 (en) Shampoos containing behenyl alcohol
US3734859A (en) Dicarboxylic acid soaps
EP0346097B1 (en) Thickening system
EP2787065B1 (en) Detergent composition for textiles comprising rhamnolipids having a predominant share of di-rhamnolipids
AU749720B2 (en) Detergent compositions
JP2019049090A (en) Structured fabric care composition
ES2346792T3 (en) Cleaning compositions.
US8877696B2 (en) Cleaning compositions comprising pH-switchable amine surfactants
ES2643613T3 (en) Detergents for washing sustainable and stable dishes by hand
US5476614A (en) High foaming nonionic surfactant based liquid detergent
CN104685043B (en) For the external structurant system of liquid laundry detergent composition
CN101223267B (en) Structured surfactant compositions
DE60027906T2 (en) Clean cleaning formulation
CN103797102A (en) Detergent compositions comprising sustainable surfactant systems comprising isoprenoid-derived surfactants
EP3118292B1 (en) Method of manual dishwashing
KR101394685B1 (en) Cleansing composition
CN102858883A (en) Rheology Modifier Compositions And Methods Of Use
ES2461892T3 (en) Liquid detergent composition for dishwashing by hand
RU2377971C2 (en) Structured preparation for body washing

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant