CN105800195B - Inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element - Google Patents

Inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105800195B
CN105800195B CN201610273245.0A CN201610273245A CN105800195B CN 105800195 B CN105800195 B CN 105800195B CN 201610273245 A CN201610273245 A CN 201610273245A CN 105800195 B CN105800195 B CN 105800195B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spiral
fluid box
liquid
cylindric
box
Prior art date
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CN201610273245.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105800195A (en
Inventor
齐江涛
王东旭
贾永潭
马婧
侯晓东
邝柏林
杨超杰
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吉林大学
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Priority to CN201610273245.0A priority Critical patent/CN105800195B/en
Publication of CN105800195A publication Critical patent/CN105800195A/en
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Publication of CN105800195B publication Critical patent/CN105800195B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/52Anti-slosh devices

Abstract

The invention discloses the anti-inertia impact fluid box that a kind of inside is provided with cylindric spiral element, at least one set of cylindrical spiral element is provided with inside fluid box, fluid box upper liquid connectivity part is provided with the top of spiral element and on fluid box between inwall, fluid box lower liquid connectivity part is provided with spiral element bottom and fluid box between inwall, make inside liquid containing and spiral element and in fluid box internal interstices, the tube section of spiral element is circle, rectangle, triangle, hexagon or irregular shape, multigroup spiral element is fixed in fluid box inner horizontal direction close-packed arrays, and the spiral element of outmost turns is fixed on liquid box wall.The present invention uses helical structure stabilizing solution body position of centre of gravity, realize in fluid box motion process, liquid in case prevents liquid inertia from impacting because the constraint of spiral element can only move along spiral element, centre-of gravity shift is reduced, and then improves the kinetic stability and security of means of transport.

Description

Inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fluid box, and in particular to a kind of inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact liquid of cylindric spiral element Body case, to prevent liquid inertia from impacting, improve resistance to overturning.

Background technology

In the transport related to liquid, storage, motion process, liquid by inertia force because being acted in case, with respect to liquid Body case moves, and then is likely to occur because of the crank caused by liquid is offset the problem of, influences the overall stability of system. From the liquid impellers tank of space industry, the carrier fluid cargo ship in terms of ship, and oil truck, plant protection unmanned plane spray case Deng when designing its fluid box internal structure, it is contemplated that the overall stability of system, preventing liquid inertia from impacting, reducing and shake Certain structure design can be carried out in terms of power.

Industry to solve the problems, such as crank caused by liquid motion, be mostly using anti-shake baffle plate redesigned come The rolling power of liquid is reduced, and then maintains the stabilization of system.Notification number CN202479092U, it is entitled《Sprayer medicine case is used anti- Rock dress》Patent, utilize dividing plate of the sink-float in decoction, decoction area reduced in the space being divided into, to weaken decoction Rock;Notification number CN1O3895986A, it is entitled《Liquid anti-shake tank and anti-shake method with rotatable cross blade》 Patent pass through the anti-shake that the rotatable cross blade type baffle plate of design carries out liquid in tank;Notification number CN1O3935518A, It is entitled《A kind of plant protection unmanned plane anti-shake device for storing liquid》Patent, inner space is divided into using horizontal, vertical dividing plate some small Room and then the purpose of anti-shake;Notification number CN1O449513OA, it is entitled《A kind of tank truck for preventing liquid sloshing》It is special Profit, flow container is divided into two parts up and down using anti-shake dividing plate, will be most of liquid closed in lower space, prevent bottom to realize The effect of liquid sloshing.Prior art is impacted by reducing space to reduce liquid inertia mostly, stability is improved, not from essence It is upper to solve this problem using fluid box internal structure design.Do not account for changing liquid flow by the design of liquid box structure Dynamic direction and more thoroughly reduce the inertia impact of liquid to maintain the stabilization of system.

The content of the invention

Start to solve existing fluid box in liquid transporting, storage, motion process, stop, accelerating, slow down, turn, stop When only, because of the mutation of motion state, cause inertia impact, cause the motion of means of transport caused by the centre-of gravity shift of liquid steady The problem of qualitative decline, the present invention provide the anti-inertia impact fluid box that a kind of inside is provided with cylindric spiral element, and it passes through The inertia impact that the design of liquid box structure changes liquid flow direction and more thoroughly reduces liquid maintains the steady of system It is fixed.

The purpose of the present invention is realized by following scheme:

A kind of inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, including fluid box, is set inside fluid box There is at least one set of cylindrical spiral element, fluid box upper liquid is provided with the top of spiral element and on fluid box between inwall Connectivity part, fluid box lower liquid connectivity part is provided between inwall under spiral element bottom and fluid box, makes liquid containing and spiral shell Revolve inside shape pipe and in fluid box internal interstices.

A kind of described inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, and the tube section of spiral element is Circle, rectangle, triangle, hexagon or irregular shape.

A kind of described inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, when spiral element is one group, Its outside is fixed on the inwall of fluid box side.

A kind of described inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, when spiral element is multigroup, Multigroup spiral element is fixed in the coaxial close-packed arrays in fluid box inner horizontal direction, and the spiral element of outmost turns is fixed on liquid On box wall.

A kind of described inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, co-axially fixed multigroup spiral Cylindrical spacers are provided between shape pipe, a cylindrical spacers are fixed between every two groups of spiral elements.

A kind of described inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, when spiral element is multigroup, Multigroup spiral element is fixed in the not coaxial close-packed arrays in fluid box inner horizontal direction, and the spiral element positioned at outside is fixed on On liquid box wall.

A kind of described inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, in columned spiral element Provided with least one horizontal fault.

A kind of described inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, every group of columned spiral shape Guan Zhong, same-handed radial location vertically can closely place a plurality of spiral element.

A kind of described inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, it is characterised in that the spiral shell Revolve shape tube section is for circle, the cylindrical screw radius of each spiral element:Fluid box shell It is a diameter of:R (n) × 2+2R (x), n take 1,2......12, N to take 1,2......10.

The present invention has following technique effect:

The present invention uses helical structure stabilizing solution body position of centre of gravity, by fluid box indoor design spiral element, by liquid Body realized in fluid box motion process in being loaded in fluid box in multigroup spiral element and spiral slit, liquid in case because The constraint of spiral element can only move along spiral element, and this special motion mode can make center of gravity more stable, prevent liquid Inertia impact, centre-of gravity shift is reduced, and then improve the kinetic stability and security of means of transport, improve conevying efficiency, reduced Cost of transportation.The present invention is applicable but is not limited to plant protection unmanned plane spray case, liquid transporting, fuel tank, spacecraft liquid propellant, load Liquid cargo ship, oil truck, oil storage tank and nuclear reactor etc..

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 (a) is that Helical Tube section of the present invention is circular schematic cross-section;

Fig. 1 (b) is that Helical Tube section of the present invention is circular profile;

Fig. 1 (c) is that equal cylindrical screw radial location closely places a spiral shell when Helical Tube section of the present invention is circle Revolve the schematic diagram of shape pipe;

Fig. 1 (d) is that equal cylindrical screw radial location closely places a plurality of spiral shell when Helical Tube section of the present invention is circle Revolve the schematic diagram of shape pipe;

Fig. 1 (e) is that equal cylindrical screw radial location closely places a plurality of spiral shell when Helical Tube section of the present invention is circle Revolve spiral element schematic diagram during shape pipe;

Fig. 2 (a) is the schematic diagram that Helical Tube section of the present invention is square cylindric spiral element;

Fig. 2 (b) is the profile that Helical Tube section of the present invention is square cylindric spiral element;

Fig. 2 (c) is that equal cylindrical screw radial location closely places a spiral shell when Helical Tube section of the present invention is square Revolve the schematic diagram of shape pipe;

Fig. 2 (d) is that equal cylindrical screw radial location closely places a plurality of spiral shell when Helical Tube section of the present invention is square Revolve the schematic diagram of shape pipe;

Fig. 3 (a) is the schematic diagram for the cylindric spiral element that Helical Tube section of the present invention is triangle;

Fig. 3 (b) is the profile for the cylindric spiral element that Helical Tube section of the present invention is triangle;

Fig. 3 (c) is that equal cylindrical screw radial location closely places one when Helical Tube section of the present invention is triangle The schematic diagram of spiral element;

Fig. 3 (d) be Helical Tube section of the present invention when being triangle equal cylindrical screw radial location closely place it is a plurality of The schematic diagram of spiral element;

Fig. 4 (a) is the schematic diagram for the cylindric spiral element that Helical Tube section of the present invention is regular hexagon;

Fig. 4 (b) is the profile for the cylindric spiral element that Helical Tube section of the present invention is regular hexagon;

Fig. 4 (c) is that equal cylindrical screw radial location closely places one when Helical Tube section of the present invention is regular hexagon The schematic diagram of bar spiral element;

Fig. 4 (d) is that closely placement is more for equal cylindrical screw radial location when Helical Tube section of the present invention is regular hexagon The schematic diagram of bar spiral element;

Fig. 5 (a) is the schematic diagram for the cylindric spiral element that Helical Tube section of the present invention is arbitrary shape;

Fig. 5 (b) is the profile for the cylindric spiral element that Helical Tube section of the present invention is arbitrary shape;

Fig. 5 (c) is that equal cylindrical screw radial location closely places one when Helical Tube section of the present invention is arbitrary shape The schematic diagram of bar spiral element;

Fig. 5 (d) is that closely placement is more for equal cylindrical screw radial location when Helical Tube section of the present invention is arbitrary shape The schematic diagram of bar spiral element;

Fig. 6 be have inside the present invention tomography Helical Tube section be arbitrary shape cylindric spiral element signal Figure;

Fig. 7 is the signal for the cylindric spiral element that Helical Tube section of the present invention is the rectangular single cylindrical radius of spin Figure;

Fig. 8 (a) is the schematic diagram that profile of the present invention is rectangular shape fluid box;

Fig. 8 (b) is the inner circular column spiral element schematic diagram of rectangular shape fluid box of the present invention;

Fig. 8 (c) is the cylindric spiral element schematic diagram of inside single shaft of rectangular shape fluid box of the present invention;

In figure:

1 is fluid box shell;

21 be liquid inlet, and 22 be liquid outlet;

31st, 32,33,34,35,36 be spiral element;

41st, 42,43 be cylindrical spacers;

51 be fluid box lower liquid connectivity part, and 52 be fluid box upper liquid connectivity part;

61st, 62,62 be tomography portion inside fluid box;

Embodiment

According to the difference of fluid box function and application scope, anti-inertia impact fluid box profile may be designed as various shapes, Including cylinder, Elliptic Cylinder, four prisms cylinder, hexagonal prism, n faces body body, spheroid, hemisphere etc..By taking cylinder as an example, liquid Body case basal diameter d1 scope is 50mm~2000mm, and height h scopes are 50~1000mm.

At least one set of cylindrical spiral element, spiral are provided with inside anti-inertia impact fluid box provided by the present invention The tube section of shape pipe can be circular, square, rectangle, triangle, regular hexagon and other arbitrary shapes, the pipe of spiral element Wall wall thickness range is 1~5mm, and liquid is inside spiral element and gap loads.Multigroup spiral element is provided with inside fluid box When, multigroup spiral element arranges in fluid box inner tight.

The spiral element, its vertical central axis are located at fluid box center, and rotation direction can be left or right rotation, spiral element Height be less than fluid box internal height, difference in height is used for the fluid connection of fluid box top and the bottom, i.e., at the top of spiral element and liquid It is provided with fluid box upper liquid connectivity part 52 on body case between inwall, liquid is provided between inwall under spiral element bottom and fluid box 51 at body lower box part fluid connection, fluid connection position height scope is 5~100mm.When only one group of spiral shape in fluid box Guan Shi, spiral element outside is fixed on the inwall of fluid box side, compact arranged when being provided with multigroup spiral element in fluid box It can be separated between the spiral element of different cylindrical screw radiuses by cylindrical spacers 41,42,43, and be fixed on cylindrical spacers and liquid On the inwall of body case side, i.e., it is fixed on the outside of the spiral element of outmost turns on the inwall of fluid box side, inner side fixed cylinder dividing plate 43, in Between a few circle spiral element both sides be separately fixed on two cylindrical spacers, be fixed on cylindrical spacers on the outside of the spiral element of innermost circle On 41.The cylindrical screw radius species of columned spiral element is n kinds, respectively R (1), R (2) ... R (n), n take 1, 2......12;In every group of cylindric spiral element, same-handed radial location vertically can closely place N bar spiral elements, and N takes 1、2......10。

The helical pitch of spiral element and the setting of the radius of spin should meet close row of the spiral element in fluid box Row, so that circular helical tubular structure is in spiral element section as an example, if the round diameter is d, N is that spiral element is longitudinally cut Face number, n are spiral element radially group number, then the helical pitch of spiral element is N × d;The cylindrical screw radius of each cylinderR is the radius of cylindric spiral element hollow space, takes 0~3d;Fluid box shell 1 it is a diameter of R(n)×2+2R(x)。

Multigroup spiral element involved in the present invention, it can be made up of the spiral element of identical tube section shape, can also It is made up of the spiral element of tube section shape not of the same race.There may be in columned spiral element one or more with certain The horizontal fault of thickness, horizontal fault number are 0~6, and thickness is 1~100mm.

Columned spiral element involved in the present invention, also can be by multigroup out-of-alignment spiral element arranged adjacent group Into to adapt to different fluid box profiles.

The structure can be formed through but not limited to modes such as injection, blowing, 3D printing, adhesions, and hard material may be selected in material Material, including but not limited to metal material aluminum phosphate material, aluminum alloy materials, steel plate materialses etc., plastics EV0H etc., composite material carbon Fibrous composite etc., new material capsule elastomeric material etc..

The technical scheme that the invention is further illustrated by the following examples, the present invention are not limited only to the embodiment.

Embodiment one

The fluid box as shown in Fig. 1 (a), Fig. 1 (b), the tube section for being internally provided with four groups of arranged in co-axial alignment are circular spiral Shape pipe, liquid realize and connected that 51,52 altitude ranges are 5~100mm at fluid connection, are close in liquid upper box part with bottom The spiral element 31,32,33,34 of the different cylindrical screw radiuses of arrangement is provided with cylindrical spacers 41,42,43, spiral between any two Shape pipe 31,32,33,34 is fixed on cylindrical spacers 41,42,43 and fluid box side inwall, and cylindrical screw radius species is n Kind, respectively R (1), R (n), n take 1,2......12 to R (2) ...;Equal cylindrical screw radial location longitudinally can closely be put N bar spiral elements are put, it is that equal cylindrical screw radial location closely places a spiral element that N, which takes 1,2......10, Fig. 1 (c), Schematic diagram, Fig. 1 (d) be equal cylindrical screw radial location longitudinal direction closely place 2 spiral elements schematic diagram (i.e. N takes 2 When).

In the present embodiment, spiral element section for circle, if the round diameter be d, then the helical pitch of spiral element for N × d;Each cylindrical screw radiusR takes d;A diameter of R (n) × 2+d of fluid box shell 1, scope For 50mm~2000mm, altitude range is 50~1000mm.Liquid loads in spiral element and gap.

The structure can be formed through but not limited to modes such as injection, blowing, 3D printing, adhesions, and hard material may be selected in material Material, including but not limited to metal material aluminum phosphate material, aluminum alloy materials, steel plate materialses etc., plastics EV0H etc., composite material carbon Fibrous composite etc., new material capsule elastomeric material etc..

Embodiment two

The fluid box as shown in Fig. 2 (a), Fig. 2 (b), the tube section for being internally provided with four groups of arranged in co-axial alignment are square spiral Shape pipe, spiral element is cylindrical, if the tube section length of side is d, then the helical pitch of spiral element is N × d;Each cylindrical screw half FootpathR takes 3d;A diameter of R (n) × 2+3d of fluid box shell 1, remaining is the same as embodiment one.

Embodiment three

The fluid box as shown in Fig. 3 (a), Fig. 3 (b), the tube section for being internally provided with four groups of arranged in co-axial alignment is the spiral shell of triangle Shape pipe is revolved, if the tube section length of side is d, then the helical pitch of spiral element isEach cylindrical screw radiusR takes 2d;A diameter of R (n) × 2+2d of fluid box shell 1, remaining is the same as embodiment one.

Example IV

The fluid box as shown in Fig. 4 (a), Fig. 4 (b), the tube section for being internally provided with four groups of arranged in co-axial alignment are regular hexagon Spiral element, if the tube section length of side is d, then the helical pitch of spiral element isEach cylindrical screw radiusR takes d;A diameter of R (n) × 2+d of fluid box shell 1, each spiral element alternately gather into Honeycomb fashion, as shown in Fig. 4 (b), remaining is the same as embodiment one.

Embodiment five

The fluid box as shown in Fig. 5 (a), Fig. 5 (b), the tube section for being internally provided with multigroup arranged in co-axial alignment are irregular shape Spiral element, the setting of spiral element helical pitch and cylindrical screw radius should meet that spiral element is tight in fluid box Solid matter arranges, as shown in Fig. 5 (b).Remaining is the same as embodiment one.

Embodiment six

Fluid box as shown in Figure 6, the tube section for being internally provided with multigroup arranged in co-axial alignment is the spiral element of irregular shape, It is provided with three tomographies 61,62,62 in spiral element, the thickness range of tomography 61,62,62 is 1~100mm, the number model of tomography Enclose for 0~6, remaining is the same as embodiment five.

Embodiment seven

Fluid box shown in as shown in Figure 7, it is internally provided with the pipe that one group of tube section is the rectangular single cylindrical radius of spin Shape structure, the setting of spiral element helical pitch should meet spiral element gathering in fluid box, and the present embodiment is by a pipe group Into helical pitch is equal with rectangular width, and the present embodiment is simple in construction, easy to manufacture compared to the advantage of other embodiment.

Embodiment eight

The fluid box as shown in Fig. 8 (a) to 8 (c), fluid box inside are provided with the cylindric spiral element of multigroup out-of-alignment, spiral shell Shape pipe arranged adjacent is revolved, it is arranged in arrays in the present embodiment, it is advantageous that the fluid box of random appearance can be met.Such as Fig. 8 (a) For rectangular shape fluid box profile, Fig. 8 (b) is that the inner cylinder spiral element of rectangular shape fluid box arranges, Fig. 8 (c) For the cylindric spiral element of inside single shaft of rectangular shape fluid box, 2 spiral elements are closely placed in its longitudinal direction.

In addition to above example, the spiral element inside fluid box may also be configured to nesting type structure, i.e. every group of spiral shape Pipe is nested with the structure types such as at least one set of spiral element, and the simple remodeling of various embodiments above.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, including fluid box, it is characterised in that liquid At least one set of cylindrical spiral element is provided with inside case, and the axis of spiral element overlaps with fluid box axis, spiral shape Be provided with fluid box upper liquid connectivity part in tube top portion and fluid box between inwall, spiral element bottom and inwall under fluid box it Between be provided with fluid box lower liquid connectivity part, make liquid containing inside the spiral element and fluid box internal interstices in.
2. a kind of inside as claimed in claim 1 is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, its feature exists In the tube section of the spiral element is circle, rectangle, triangle, hexagon or irregular shape.
3. a kind of inside as claimed in claim 2 is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, its feature exists In when the spiral element is one group, its outside is fixed on the inwall of fluid box side.
4. a kind of inside as claimed in claim 2 is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, its feature exists In, when the spiral element is multigroup, multigroup spiral element is fixed in the coaxial close-packed arrays in fluid box inner horizontal direction, and most The spiral element of outer ring is fixed on liquid box wall.
5. a kind of inside as claimed in claim 4 is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, its feature exists In, cylindrical spacers are provided between co-axially fixed multigroup spiral element, be fixed between every two groups of spiral elements a cylinder every Plate.
6. a kind of inside as claimed in claim 2 is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, its feature exists In, when the spiral element is multigroup, multigroup spiral element is fixed in the not coaxial close-packed arrays in fluid box inner horizontal direction, and Spiral element positioned at outside is fixed on liquid box wall.
7. a kind of inside as described in any one in claim 4 to 6 is provided with the anti-inertia impact liquid of cylindric spiral element Body case, it is characterised in that at least one horizontal fault is provided with the columned spiral element.
8. a kind of inside as described in any one in claim 4 to 6 is provided with the anti-inertia impact liquid of cylindric spiral element Body case, it is characterised in that in columned spiral element described in every group, same-handed radial location vertically can closely place a plurality of Spiral element.
9. a kind of inside as claimed in claim 2 is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element, its feature exists In the spiral element section is circle, and the cylindrical screw radius of each spiral element is:Liquid Body case shell it is a diameter of:R (n) × 2+2R (x), n take 1,2 ... ... 12, N to take 1,2 ... 10.
CN201610273245.0A 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Inside is provided with the anti-inertia impact fluid box of cylindric spiral element CN105800195B (en)

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CN105800195B true CN105800195B (en) 2018-04-03

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NO300413B1 (en) * 1995-05-02 1997-05-26 Fermensi As container
JP4919698B2 (en) * 2006-05-17 2012-04-18 川崎重工業株式会社 Structure of mobile cryogenic liquefied gas tank
WO2009055291A2 (en) * 2007-10-26 2009-04-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Liquid storage tank with internal flow control baffle and methods
CN203601825U (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-05-21 郑州大学 Material storage bin with spiral slide ways
CN204124600U (en) * 2014-07-21 2015-01-28 四川省佳运油气设备有限公司 A kind of helix tube type petroleum product safe storage container

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