CN105799919A - Oil-driven multi-rotor wing air vehicle - Google Patents

Oil-driven multi-rotor wing air vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105799919A
CN105799919A CN201610162023.1A CN201610162023A CN105799919A CN 105799919 A CN105799919 A CN 105799919A CN 201610162023 A CN201610162023 A CN 201610162023A CN 105799919 A CN105799919 A CN 105799919A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
engine
paddle
connected
center
chassis
Prior art date
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CN201610162023.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张德银
陶丙磊
Original Assignee
山东乾通航空科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610162023.1A priority Critical patent/CN105799919A/en
Publication of CN105799919A publication Critical patent/CN105799919A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C27/00Rotorcraft; Rotors peculiar thereto
    • B64C27/04Helicopters
    • B64C27/08Helicopters with two or more rotors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C27/00Rotorcraft; Rotors peculiar thereto
    • B64C27/04Helicopters
    • B64C27/12Rotor drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C39/00Aircraft not otherwise provided for
    • B64C39/02Aircraft not otherwise provided for characterised by special use
    • B64C39/024Aircraft not otherwise provided for characterised by special use of the remote controlled vehicle type, i.e. RPV

Abstract

An oil-driven multi-rotor wing air vehicle comprises a center disc, an even number of drive rods, an even number of paddle installing seats, a bottom center disc, a base frame and a remote control mechanism. One end of each drive rod is fixed between the top center disc and the bottom center disc through a drive rod fixing part, one paddle installing seat is installed at the other end of the drive rod, each paddle installing seat is provided with two paddle blades, installed on an engine seat and connected with a gasoline engine through a belt, each engine seat is provided with a steering engine fixing position used for installing a steering engine, the steering engines and the paddle installing seats are connected through connecting rods, and the base frame is fixed to the lower portion of the bottom center disc through a base frame fixing seat. According to the oil-driven multi-rotor wing air vehicle, the bearing capacity is enhanced, the strength is high, the weight is small, and the service life is prolonged.

Description

油动多旋翼飞行器 Nitro multi-rotor

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及航空产品技术领域,具体涉及一种油动多旋翼飞行器。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of aerospace technology products, particularly to a multi-rotor dynamic oil.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]多旋翼飞行器通过无线电遥控系统及自主飞行控制系统对其进行操作控制,以实现飞行器的起降、前后左右飞行、加减速以及方向控制等。 [0002] Multi rotorcraft by radio remote control system and its operation autonomous flight control system controlled to achieve the aircraft landing, flying around, acceleration and deceleration, and direction control. 可操纵性、稳定性、有效任务载荷和续航时间是考察多旋翼飞行器的重要指标,在相同的可操纵性及稳定性条件下,使用者追求更大的有效任务载荷与长时间续航飞行能力。 Maneuverability, stability, effective payload and endurance is to investigate the multi-rotor aircraft, an important indicator in the same maneuverability and stability conditions, users seek more effective payload and long endurance flight capability.

[0003]现在市场上的多旋翼飞行器的旋翼驱动方式只适用于电机驱动,不能搭载其他类型的发动机(如汽油发动机、柴油发动机、充电电动机等)作为动力源,这样造成现有的多旋翼飞行器航时不足,很难满足长时间续航的要求。 [0003] Now multi rotorcraft rotor drive system on the market is only applicable to a motor drive, not equipped with other types of engines (e.g., a gasoline engine, a diesel engine, the charging motor or the like) as a power source, such conventional multi-rotor causes endurance is insufficient, it is difficult to meet the requirements of long life.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]本发明提供了一种油动多旋翼飞行器,以解决现有技术存在的只适用于电机驱动导致航时不足的问题。 [0004] The present invention provides a multi-Nitro rotorcraft, in order to solve problems of the prior art is only applicable to the motor drive leads to the lack of endurance.

[0005]本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是: [0005] aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem are:

油动多旋翼飞行器,包括顶部中心盘、偶数个传动杆和桨安装座、底部中心盘、底架以及远程控制机构,传动杆的一端通过传动杆固定件固定在顶部中心盘和底部中心盘之间,桨安装座安装在传动杆的另一端,每个桨安装座分别安装两片桨叶,顶部中心盘和底部中心盘之间有电机启动通过中心盘中的同步齿轮变速带动连接轴,连接轴另一端连接桨安装座,桨安装座用皮带和发动机连接,每个发动机座上有舵机固定位置安装舵机,舵机和桨安装座通过连接杆连接,底架通过底架固定座固定在底部中心盘下部。 Nitro multi rotor, including a top central disk, and one end of an even number of drive rod paddle mount, center of the bottom plate, a chassis and a remote control mechanism, the drive rod shaft fixing member fixed to the top center and bottom center of the disk by the disk drive of Room paddle mount attached to the other end of the transmission rod, each paddle mount two blades are mounted, starting with a motor connected to drive shaft gear transmission by synchronizing the center of the disc between the top and bottom of the central disc central disc connected the other end of the propeller shaft connection mount, and a belt with paddle mount connected to the engine per engine mounting seat has a fixed position servo steering gear, steering gear and paddle mount connected by a connecting rod fixed to the chassis by the chassis fixing seat in the lower center of the bottom plate.

[0006]上述发动机可以为汽油发动机、柴油发动机或充电电动机。 [0006] The engine may be a gasoline engine, a diesel engine or an electric motor charge.

[0007]上述底架包括两个平行间隔设置的倒U弯管、用于连接倒U弯管末端的连接管和位于两倒U弯管之间的加强管,两个倒U弯管顶端上安装有底架固定座,底架通过底架固定座固定在底部中心盘底部。 [0007] The inverted U-bend chassis comprises two parallel spaced apart, the connection pipe for connecting the inverted U bend the end of the reinforcing pipe and located between the two inverted U-bend, two on top of the inverted U-bend holder mounted chassis, the chassis through the chassis anchor to the bottom center of the bottom plate.

[0008]上述远程控制机构包括中央处理器、GPS天线、信号发射器、数据接口、图像信号接收器和控制台,其中GPS天线、信号发射器、数据接口、图像信号接收器和控制台均与中央处理器连接,GPS天线通过中央处理器与顶部中心盘顶部的图像信息发射器信号连接;中央处理器通过调速器与发动机信号连接;控制台内设置有计算机,计算机与信号控制器相连接,信号控制器与图像监视器相连接。 [0008] The remote control means comprises a central processor, a GPS antenna, a signal transmitter, a data interface, an image signal receiver and the console, wherein the GPS antenna, a signal transmitter, a data interface, an image signal receiver and the console are the central processor is connected, GPS antenna is connected through the image information transmitter signal processor and the central top center of the top plate; central processor via signal connection with the engine governor; computer is provided within the console, and the signal controller is connected to the computer , and the signal controller is connected to the monitor image.

[0009]上述顶部中心盘和底部中心盘、桨叶材质为碳纤维,桨安装座、发动机座、连接轴、同步齿轮材质均为钛合金材料。 [0009] The top center and bottom center of the disk tray, the blade is made of carbon fiber, paddle mount, engine mount, connecting shaft synchronized gear are made of alloy materials.

[0010]相比于现有技术,本发明可根据要求搭载各种类型的发动机(如汽油发动机、柴油发动机、充电电动机等)作为动力源,充分解决电动动力飞行器航时不足的问题,满足各种长航时工作的要求;中心盘、连接杆均为高强度碳纤维,桨安装座、发动机座、连接轴、同步齿轮材质均为钛合金材料,这两种材料强度高、重量轻、有效减轻了飞行器自身重量,使其承载能力增强,强度高、重量轻、延长了使用寿命。 [0010] Compared to the prior art, the present invention can be mounted on various types of engines (e.g., gasoline engine, diesel engine, charged by the motor, etc.) as required as a power source, fully solve the problem of electric power when the aircraft flight problems, meet the species required operation when long-endurance; central disc, connecting rods are high strength carbon fibers, paddle mount, engine mount, connecting shaft synchronized gear are made of alloy materials, the two materials of high strength, light weight, effectively reduce by weight of the aircraft itself, so that the carrying capacity enhancement, high strength, light weight, extended service life.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011]下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进一步说明: Figures and examples further illustrate the present invention, [0011] in conjunction with the following:

图1是本发明装置的结构示意图; FIG 1 is a schematic view of the apparatus of the present invention;

图2是本发明装置的正视示意图; FIG 2 is a schematic front view of the device of the present invention;

图3是图2中A区域的放大示意图; FIG 3 is an enlarged view of area A in FIG 2;

图4是图2中B区域的放大示意图; FIG 4 is an enlarged view of area B in Figure 2;

图5是本发明装置底架的结构示意图; FIG 5 is a schematic diagram of the apparatus of the present invention, a chassis;

图6是本发明装置远程控制机构的工作原理图。 FIG 6 is a working principle diagram of remote control mechanism of the present invention.

[0012]图中I底部中心盘、2顶部中心盘、3传动杆固定件、4传动杆、5桨叶、6桨安装座、7舵机、8发动机固定座、9发动机、1电池、11图像信息发射器、12同步齿轮、13控制箱、14同步电机、15底架固定座、16底架、17摄像头、19调速器、20中央处理器、21 GPS天线、22信号发射器、23数据接口、24控制台、25计算机、26信号控制器、27图像信号接收器、28图像监视器、1601倒U弯管、1602加强管、1603连接管。 [0012] FIG I in the bottom center of the disc, the center of the top plate 2, 3 transmission rod fixing member, the drive rod 4, the blades 5, 6 paddle mount, steering gear 7, 8 of the engine mounts, engine 9, the battery 1, 11 The image information transmitter, the synchronization gear 12, the control box 13, the synchronous motor 14, fixed base chassis 15, the chassis 16, the camera 17, the governor 19, the central processor 20, 21 GPS antenna, a signal transmitter 22, 23 data interface, the console 24, computer 25, the signal controller 26, the image signal receiver 27, image monitor 28, an inverted U-bend 1601, 1602 reinforcing tube, the tube 1603 is connected.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0013] 如图1、图2、图3、图4、图5和图6所不,一种油动多旋翼飞行器,包括一个顶部中心盘2、四个传动杆4和四个的桨安装座6、一个底部中心盘1、一个底架16以及远程控制机构,顶部中心盘2和底部中心盘I材质为碳纤维,传动杆4的一端通过传动杆固定件3固定在顶部中心盘2和底部中心盘I之间,传动杆4的另一端安装发动机固定座8,每个桨安装座6用皮带与发动机12连接每个桨安装座6分别安装两片桨叶5,桨叶5材质为碳纤维,每个传动杆4上安装一个舵机固定座8,每个舵机固定座8上安装一个舵机7,舵机7和桨安装座6通过连接杆18连接,顶部中心盘2顶部中间设有图像信息发射器11和控制箱13,底架16通过若干底架固定座15固定在底部中心盘I下部,底部中心盘I上安装有摄像头17,底部中心盘I下面安装同步电机通过同步齿轮12带动传动杆4,传动杆4带动另一端的 [0013] 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 is not a multi-Nitro rotorcraft, comprising a central top plate 2, four paddles 4 and the transmission lever mounted four Block 6, a center of the bottom plate 1, a chassis 16 and a remote control mechanism, the top center of the disc 2 at the bottom center of the disk I material is an end of the carbon fiber, the drive shaft 4 by a transmission rod fixing member 3 is fixed to the top of the central disk 2 and a bottom and between the central disc I, the other end of the drive shaft 4 of the engine mounting holder 8, each paddle mount 6 and a belt 12 connected to the engine mount 6 of each paddle are mounted two blades 5, the blade 5 is made of carbon fiber each transmission rod 4 is mounted on a steering gear holder 8, 8 each mounted on a servo steering gear holder 7, 7 and the servo paddle mount 18 is connected through a connecting rod 6, the top center of the disk 2 is provided intermediate the top an image information transmitter 11 and the control box 13, the chassis 16 by a plurality of fixed base chassis 15 is fixed at a lower center of the bottom plate I, I mounted on a bottom center of the disc with a camera 17, installed below the bottom center of the disk I synchronous motor by synchronizing gears 12 driven by the transmission shaft 4, driven by the drive shaft 4 at the other end 安装座6,桨安装座6上的桨叶5随之旋转,桨安装座6通过皮带带动发动机9,并启动各旋翼的发动机9工作。 Mounting base 6, the paddle blade 5 on the mount 6 for rotation therewith, a paddle mount 6 by a belt 9 driven by the engine, and the rotor of each engine 9 starts working.

[0014]底架16包括两个平行间隔设置的倒U弯管1601、用于连接倒U弯管1601末端的连接管1603和位于两倒U弯管1601之间的加强管1602,两个倒U弯管1601顶端上安装有底架固定座15,底架16通过底架固定座15固定在底部中心盘I底部。 [0014] The chassis 16 comprises an inverted U-bend 1601 two parallel spaced, for connecting the end of the inverted U-bend 1601 and 1603 of the connection pipe located between the two inverted U reinforcing pipe bend 16,011,602, two inverted mounted on top of a 1601 U bend holder chassis 15, the chassis bottom 16 holder I 15 fixed to the bottom chassis by a central disc.

[0015]上述远程控制机构包括中央处理器20、GPS天线21、信号发射器22、数据接口 23、图像信号接收器27和控制台24,其中GPS天线21、信号发射器22、数据接口23、图像信号接收器27和控制台24均与中央处理器20连接,GPS天线21通过中央处理器20与顶部中心盘I顶部的图像信息发射器11信号连接;中央处理器20通过调速器19与发动机12信号连接;控制台24内设置有计算机25,计算机25与信号控制器26相连接,信号控制器26与图像监视器27相连接。 [0015] The remote control means comprises a central processor 20 is, the GPS antenna 21, a signal transmitter 22, data interface 23, the image signal receiver 27 and console 24, in which the GPS antenna 21, a signal transmitter 22, data interface 23, the image signal receiver 27 and the console 24 are connected to the central processor 20, GPS antenna 21 is connected by a signal of the image information of the transmitter 11 and the top 20 at the top center of the disk I CPU; central processing unit 20 through the governor 19 engine 12 connected to the signal; console 24 is provided within the computer 25, the computer 25 is connected to the signal controller 26, signal controller 26 is connected to the image monitor 27. 器26与图像监视器27相连接。 26 and 27 is connected to the monitor image.

Claims (5)

1.油动多旋翼飞行器,包括顶部中心盘、偶数个传动杆和桨安装座、底部中心盘、底架以及远程控制机构,其特征是:传动杆的一端通过传动杆固定件固定在顶部中心盘和底部中心盘之间,桨安装座安装在传动杆的另一端,每个桨安装座分别安装两片桨叶,顶部中心盘和底部中心盘之间有电机启动通过中心盘中的同步齿轮变速带动连接轴,连接轴另一端连接桨安装座,桨安装座用皮带和发动机连接,每个发动机座上有舵机固定位置安装舵机,舵机和桨安装座通过连接杆连接,底架通过底架固定座固定在底部中心盘下部。 1. Nitro multi rotor, including a top central disc, an even number of drive rod and paddle mount, center of the bottom plate, a chassis and a remote control mechanism, characterized in that: one end of the drive rod by a fixing member fixed to the transmission rod at the top center between the disk and the center of the bottom plate, a paddle mount attached to the other end of the transmission rod, each paddle mount two blades are mounted, there is between the top and the bottom center of the disc central disk synchronization initiated by the central disk gear motor shift drive connecting shaft, the connecting shaft and the other end connected to the mount paddle, paddle mount connected with a belt and an engine, each engine mounting seat has a fixed position servo steering gear, steering gear and paddle mount is connected by a connecting rod, the chassis by fixing base chassis fixed to the lower center of the bottom plate.
2.根据权利要求1所述的油动多旋翼飞行器,其特征是上述发动机可以为汽油发动机、柴油发动机或充电电动机。 2. The oil of claim 1, the movable multi rotor, wherein said engine may be a gasoline engine, a diesel engine or an electric motor charge.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的油动多旋翼飞行器,其特征是底架包括两个平行间隔设置的倒U弯管、用于连接倒U弯管末端的连接管和位于两倒U弯管之间的加强管,两个倒U弯管顶端上安装有底架固定座,底架通过底架固定座固定在底部中心盘底部。 The oil of claim 12 or movable multi rotor as claimed in claim, characterized in that the chassis comprises two parallel spaced apart inverted U-bend is provided for connecting the end of the inverted U elbow connection pipe and is located between two inverted U between the reinforcing pipe bend, two inverted U are mounted on the top of the elbow holder chassis, the chassis through the chassis anchor to the bottom center of the bottom plate.
4.根据权利要求1或2所述的油动多旋翼飞行器,其特征是远程控制机构包括中央处理器、GPS天线、信号发射器、数据接口、图像信号接收器和控制台,其中GPS天线、信号发射器、数据接口、图像信号接收器和控制台均与中央处理器连接,GPS天线通过中央处理器与顶部中心盘顶部的图像信息发射器信号连接;中央处理器通过调速器与发动机信号连接;控制台内设置有计算机,计算机与信号控制器相连接,信号控制器与图像监视器相连接。 The oil of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the movable multi rotor, wherein the remote control means includes a central processor, a GPS antenna, a signal transmitter, a data interface, an image signal receiver and the console, wherein the GPS antenna, signal transmitter, data interface, and the image signal receiver are connected to the central console processor, GPS antenna is connected through the image information transmitter signal processor and the central top center of the top plate; central processor through the engine governor signal connection; the console is provided with a computer, the computer is connected to the signal controller, and the signal controller is connected to the monitor image.
5.根据权利要求1或4所述的油动多旋翼飞行器,其特征是顶部中心盘和底部中心盘、桨叶材质为碳纤维,桨安装座、发动机座、连接轴、减速齿轮材质均为钛合金材料。 5. The oil of claim 1 or 4, movable multi rotor as claimed in claim, characterized in that the top center and bottom center of the disk tray, the blade is made of carbon fiber, paddle mount, engine mount, connecting shaft, the reduction gear are made of titanium alloy.
CN201610162023.1A 2016-03-22 2016-03-22 Oil-driven multi-rotor wing air vehicle CN105799919A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103359284A (en) * 2013-06-29 2013-10-23 天津大学 Petrol-electric hybrid four-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle
US8774982B2 (en) * 2010-08-26 2014-07-08 Leptron Industrial Robotic Helicopters, Inc. Helicopter with multi-rotors and wireless capability
CN203698658U (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-07-09 江苏神谷无人飞行器技术有限公司 Foldable multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle
CN203958614U (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-26 山东新晨科技有限公司 Integrated multi-rotor aircraft
CN204452926U (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-07-08 曹兵 Oil driven varying pitch shaft drive multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
CN205707321U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-11-23 山东乾通航空科技有限公司 Oil moves many rotor crafts

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8774982B2 (en) * 2010-08-26 2014-07-08 Leptron Industrial Robotic Helicopters, Inc. Helicopter with multi-rotors and wireless capability
CN103359284A (en) * 2013-06-29 2013-10-23 天津大学 Petrol-electric hybrid four-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle
CN203698658U (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-07-09 江苏神谷无人飞行器技术有限公司 Foldable multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle
CN203958614U (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-26 山东新晨科技有限公司 Integrated multi-rotor aircraft
CN204452926U (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-07-08 曹兵 Oil driven varying pitch shaft drive multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
CN205707321U (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-11-23 山东乾通航空科技有限公司 Oil moves many rotor crafts

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