CN105799714A - No-parking type microcirculation urban rail traffic system - Google PatentsNo-parking type microcirculation urban rail traffic system Download PDF
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- CN105799714A CN105799714A CN201610018261.5A CN201610018261A CN105799714A CN 105799714 A CN105799714 A CN 105799714A CN 201610018261 A CN201610018261 A CN 201610018261A CN 105799714 A CN105799714 A CN 105799714A
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- B—PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
- B61B—RAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
- B61B1/00—General arrangement of stations, platforms, or sidings; Railway networks; Rail vehicle marshalling systems
- B—PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
- B61K—AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR RAILWAYS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
- B61K1/00—Transferring passengers, articles, or freight to and from moving trains; Slipping or coupling vehicles from or to moving trains
- Y—GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
- Y02—TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
- Y02T—CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
- Y02T30/00—Transportation of goods or passengers via railways, e.g. energy recovery or reducing air resistance
A no-parking type microcirculation urban rail traffic system is an urban public traffic system which can facilitate travelling of urban people and relieve urban traffic congestion pressure. The system is characterized by being composed of annular rails, a rail car set and coaches. The annular rails connected end to end are built on a street on the periphery of a small urban area, each annular rail surrounds one or more small urban areas according to the actual area of the small urban area, one part of each annular rail is located on a main street or a collector street, guide rails are arranged in the annular rails, the rail car set running cyclically at a set constant speed clockwise in a no-parking mode is arranged on the guide rails, stations are arranged at fixed points of the annular rails, the coaches are arranged on the stations, and the whole system is driven by electric power. The system can achieve the following aims that traveling of people on branches, the main street and the collector street is organically connected, and the problems about one starting kilometer and the last kilometer are well solved; the needs for short-distance travelling on the main street and the collector street are met.
One, invention field
The not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention refers to one and is easy to city inhabitant trip, alleviates the public transport of urban traffic blocking pressure, belongs to public transport field.
Two, background technology
Current urban transportation is built upon on the basis of automobile.Along with car enters huge numbers of families, traffic jam issue has become big public hazards in each city of China, and it is also a global problem.For solving more prevalent and serious congestion problems, first develop public transport reduce car make consumption become generally acknowledged to control stifled good recipe.But premise is such public transport should be able to provide service to all processes of citizens' activities, and current public transport can not meet this needs.Current public transit vehicle can only run on major trunk roads, subsidiary road, constructs city in the city that area one by one is bigger between each bar primary and secondary arterial highway, is become even micro-city, little city one by one by a plurality of branch cutting again inside middle city.One traffic trip is from spatially dividing only two kinds of situations: one be starting point and destination inside same middle city, his trip is simply on branch road.Owing to the trip on branch road does not have bus tool to use, can only by citizen oneself take walking, cycling, self-driving mode solve (taxi is actually also car trip)；Two is that starting point and destination are between different middle cities, he is simply transported to another from a middle city city by current public transportation system, as to how inside a middle city out and how to enter into another traffic behavior within city can only by citizen by oneself, namely simply solve the mid portion of a trip process, leave " starting to walk one kilometer " and " last one kilometer " problem.Therefore current public transportation system is incomplete.Going out, enter the inconvenience in city to urge and grown civic self-driving behavior, and this behavior makes private car pour in the intermediate link of traffic, makes the primary and secondary arterial highway in city get on the bus full of suffering from, the pressure initiation increased the weight of on road blocks up.
And what current public transit system was followed is the circuit type mode of transportation leaving for terminal from starting point.Same beginning and end, the scheme having multiple public bus network is selective.After any circuit sizing, only when civic starting point and destination overlap just without changing to this circuit, traffic path some on this circuit time must change to.In fact the formulation of any public transport line all can only for one thing cited, ten thousand may have been left out cannot take into account, this is the contradiction between popularized service and the individual demand that varies of citizens' activities that public transport provides, even if which results in the problem that the trip being positioned on primary and secondary arterial highway is also faced with " short distance trip " inconvenience, namely exist and often only have three or four stops to change to, seek away between different platforms, the situation such as marquis's car, this result also in the increase of self driving behavior.Moreover self driving is also faced with the problem of a parking difficulty, and careless parking phenomenon is of common occurrence, artificial road occupying strengthens and blocks up.
For the problems referred to above that current public transport exists, the present inventor has proposed the supplement mode of a kind of public transport in earlier application " formula of going slowly City Rail Transit System " (application number 201510032294.0): sets up the circular orbit surrounding each little city on avenue, inside has the circular flow in the direction of the clock of railcar group.Owing to it can go deep into branch road, solve the trip problem on branch road, also solve the difficult problem of short distance trip.But in this application, the speed of service of railcar group is natively slow, loiters to look after the upper and lower railcar group of handicapped personage, thus greatly reduce the speed of service of railcar group, have impact on its conevying efficiency；A circular orbit is set up in each little city, makes inside main city zone particularly innermost little city need the transhipment through several adjacent little cities to get on the primary and secondary arterial highway of bus-stop, transfer process too time-consuming.
Three, summary of the invention
For above-mentioned Problems existing, the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines proposes following solution:
City is made as a whole being actually and is divided into little city one by one by big and small crisscross street, these streets are divided into major trunk roads, subsidiary road and branch road because they are different in area within the city position and width, city in the medium-sized city that region area is bigger one by one is mutually constituted between primary and secondary arterial highway, bus vehicle just runs on primary and secondary arterial highway, by the trip that the operation of bus is connected in these between city, it is further divided into as even micro-city, little city one by one by a plurality of branch road again inside middle city.Technical scheme is exactly: city has been divided into little city one by one by big and small street is crisscross, end to end circular orbit is set up in the street that little city is peripheral, each circular orbit is looked the actual size of little city area and is surrounded one or several little city, all some is positioned on major trunk roads or subsidiary road each circular orbit, guide rail is had in circular orbit, guide rail have with the railcar group of the speed not parking at the uniform velocity circular flow in the direction of the clock set, on circular orbit, fixed point arranges platform, platform is refuted car, whole system adopts driven by power.
Railcar group is at the uniform velocity circular flow in circular orbit, the speed of service can set that the twice into people's normal gait speed and about 3 meters per second, just can realize safety and steady be advisable up and down with most people's a few step of trotting, it is simple to people are without just can be upper and lower everywhere to platform, to save the time.In circular orbit, fixed point arranges platform, each platform there is one refute car, car waiting can be refuted from platform is introduced into for handicapped personage, when railcar group approaching platform, car of refuting at railcar group afterbody departs from car group and sails under platform visitor into, and on platform, the car of refuting of original carrying sails out of platform and enters the circular orbit car group that gets on the right track in hot pursuit and be hooked on car group afterbody and run simultaneously.Refute car depart from and hook get on the bus group whole process middle orbit car group not parking operation in circular orbit.
This traffic system transports the process of personnel: pedestrian is in the footpath at its starting point place, when railcar group approaching by the mode of a few step of trotting or the compartment refuting car mode injection car group, it is transported in circular orbit, if its destination is in another a street of this circular orbit, as long as he gets off when railcar group runs to destination；If destination is in the city closed on, as long as he gets off when being transported to intersections of streets mouth, walk through streets direction opposite another circular orbit around destination city, get on the bus when waiting the railcar group approaching in this circular orbit, it is transported in the circular orbit around another little city like this, gets off when arriving at；When destination is farther out and during the through bus of starting point, can get on the right track car group from starting point, be directly taken on major trunk roads or subsidiary road, get off at the platform place taken bus to some extent.
As can be seen here: the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention is that the trip on branch road provides a kind of public transport, people's trip on branch road and main and secondary road is organically linked up simultaneously, properly settled short distance trip and the transfer problem of people.It and current public transportation system cooperate, whole process for citizens' activities provides complete public transport means, makes self driving trip have the mode that more reasonably replaces, and self-driving behavior is contained, thus alleviating the traffic pressure of primary and secondary arterial highway, reach to alleviate the purpose of traffic congestion.
Moreover, the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines also has following features: railcar group is run in exclusive track, not by the interference of other vehicles, do not produce circuit clogging, not by the restriction of traffic lights, also it is not subjected to the boisterous impact such as dense fog, sleet, is a kind of all-weather traffic；The railcar group speed of service is relatively slow, and most people can realize upper and lower everywhere by the mode of a few step of trotting, it is not necessary to non-to platform, facilitate citizens' activities, and handicapped personage can pass through to refute car mode up and down, take into account the trip of all civic, it also avoid phenomenon crowded when platform place waits；It provide a kind of slow-moving traffic trip mode, but do not affected by Changes in weather compared with the mode of going slowly of current " walking+" and " bicycle+", also unlike public bicycles existence pick up the car, troublesome problem of returning the car；Railcar group is not parking at the uniform velocity circular flow in circular orbit, and the city area that holds of circular orbit is little, and Zhou Jing is not long, and the time of detouring making railcar group is short, and in arbitrary place of track can both reaching on the time, also know what is what even if people wait；In the place of these heavy traffic of primary and secondary arterial highway, the outside guard rail of circular orbit is opened with the extraneous vehicle insulation travelled, it is to avoid the generation of traffic accident, is then not provided with guard rail on branch road, shares right of way with other vehicle；Circular orbit is very narrow, is directly separated out narrow orbital position on existing street, and the operation of railcar group and stopping are all in circular orbit, it is not necessary to parking lot, it is not necessary to widen street, are not take up too much soil, it is not necessary to remove, and build maintenance cost low；Whole traffic system only by driven by power, without the emission pollution problem of greenhouse gases, waste gas, is conducive to the improvement of urban air-quality, is the mode of transportation of environmental protection；Above circular orbit, build up gallery form, not only can sun-rain-shading, gallery can also be laid photovoltaic battery panel, railcar group is run a required electric energy part and can be provided by it.
It is described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Four, accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure and the city schematic layout pattern of the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is guard rail, the signal lights distribution schematic diagram on street in the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System electric lines of force erection schematic diagram that declines of the present invention.
Fig. 4 be the present invention not parking decline circulation City Rail Transit System refute car inductive charging mode schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is that not parking the declining of the present invention coordinates schematic diagram between the T steel guide rail and the guide post that circulate City Rail Transit System.
Fig. 6 is the T steel guide rail arrangement schematic diagram with T steel branch guideway of the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the not parking T steel guide rail circulating City Rail Transit System and the configuration schematic diagram figure crossed between plate of declining of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is that not parking the declining of the present invention coordinates schematic diagram between the guiding ditch guide rail and the guide post that circulate City Rail Transit System.
Fig. 9 is the device for regulating direction schematic diagram of the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention.
Figure 10 is that the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention takes electric-powered manner schematic diagram from guard rail.
Figure 11 is the carriage body construction schematic diagram of the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System tour bus structural representation that declines of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the tail end structure schematic diagram of the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the control circuit work process schematic diagram in the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System tail railway carriage or compartment that declines of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook structural representation that declines of the present invention.
Figure 16 is that the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention refutes bassinet structure schematic diagram.
Figure 17 is not parking circulation City Rail Transit System hook structure and the circuit arrangement schematic diagram of declining of the present invention.
Figure 18 is that the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention refutes the circuit diagram of each electrical equipment on car.
Five, detailed description of the invention
Know in conjunction with Fig. 1-18: the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines by circular orbit (1), railcar group (2) and is refuted car (3) three part and formed.City is no matter large or small, all by the crisscross little city one by one of being partitioned into, big and small street, these streets according to its width and in city the difference of regional location and be divided into major trunk roads, subsidiary road or branch road, mutually constitute city in the medium-sized city that area is bigger one by one between primary and secondary arterial highway, be further divided into as the less little city of area one by one or even miniature city by a plurality of branch road again in middle city.As schematically shown in Figure 1 be a middle city, surrounded by major trunk roads subsidiary road outside it, inside it, then become little city one by one by several branch cuttings, represent with a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, m, n respectively.These little cities constitute a middle city, and wherein g, i, j are formed by branch cutting completely, are arranged in the inside in city, and a, b, c, d, e, f, h, k, m, n are formed by major trunk roads or subsidiary road and branch cutting, are arranged in the outside in city.
Setting up circular orbit (1) on the street that each little city is peripheral, each circular orbit joins end to end, and a general circular orbit surrounds a little city, and when the more area that small city differentiation is cut is less, circular orbit can surround several little city.In Fig. 1, city a, m are each surrounded by a circular orbit, and b and c, i and d, n and j, h and k, e and f and g are surrounded by a common circular orbit respectively.Each circular orbit some be on major trunk roads or subsidiary road.Guide rail (4) is had in circular orbit (1), guide rail joins end to end lacking beginning and end, having railcar group (2) to run with a not parking circulation even speed of the speed set in the direction of the clock on guide rail, the direction in railcar group (2) running is controlled by guide rail (4).The operation of whole system is nearly in the state that full automation runs, driver is to its initial start when each working day starts, when working day terminates, it is closed down, all the other times are that whole service process is implemented monitoring management, process some and are strayed into circular orbit than if any people or the existence such as make a dash across the red light runs afoul behavior with railcar group.
The speed of service of railcar group (2) is relatively slow, may be set to only slightly faster than the walking speed of people such as about 3 meters per second, and in the way of pedestrian is by a few step of trotting, energy safety and steady is got on or off the bus and is advisable.Namely pedestrian is on pavement, when railcar group (2) approaching at one's side time along with it trots a few step, catch handrail thereon (43) just can set foot on the pedal (42) of compartment (39) time synchronized with it, open after swiping the card in upper visitor's door (40) entrance compartment (39) and be transported；In compartment, exit door (41) is opened when being intended to get off, being held by hand handrail (43), face car group traffic direction, a foot stands on the upper foot of pedal (42) and stretches to ground, running once contacting to earth, go off the hand grip (43) are slowed down and are stopped simultaneously.Because railcar group speed is relatively slow, thus this run inviolent.In this way, railcar group need not be stopped and passenger just can be allowed upper and lower everywhere, saves the traffic time of passenger, it is also possible to prevent railcar group frequent starting.
Handicapped personage is by refuting car (3) railcar group (2) up and down.Specifically: in circular orbit (1), fixed point arranges platform, platform place refutes car (3) stop and receives guests, and passenger opens upper visitor's door (40) entrance refuting car and refutes car after swiping the card.Circular orbit (1) is separating a branch guideway (5) near platform place.When railcar group (2) approaching platform, frizzen (51) on tail railway carriage or compartment, final section compartment can run into a baffle plate (25) on guide rail (4), thus produce a signal of telecommunication, the car of refuting being hooked on car group afterbody is made to depart from car group and initiate self, sail platform into by branch guideway (5) and stop lower objective, originally rested on refuting car (3) and also receiving the signal of telecommunication and send enabled instruction of platform place carrying simultaneously, this is refuted car and automatically starts and sail out of platform, trail railcar group (2) after entering circular orbit (1) along branch guideway (5) to advance.The speed refuting car is quicker than railcar group, enable to refute butt after car catch up with car group and be hooked on car group tail railway carriage or compartment below, then tail railway carriage or compartment and the access door (63) refuting between car are opened, passenger comes into compartment from refuting in car, the passenger being intended to get off in compartment then enters and refutes car, prepares to get off at next platform place.Not entering branch guideway (5) in this whole process middle orbit car group, namely not enter platform also not parking, runs with original speed in circular orbit (1).
The technical program provides the mode that above two is got on or off the bus, and can accept or reject to some extent in actual moving process.As required, the speed of service improves or it is less safe to feel that the mode of trotting is got on or off the bus, it is possible to remove the handrail on compartment and pedal, only upper and lower by refuting car mode；Speed can also be slowed down again and use as tour bus for walking speed, then can cancel again and refute car.
The not parking pedestrian conveyor process circulating City Rail Transit System that declines of the present invention is: pedestrian is the A point of city a as medium and small in Fig. 1 in the footpath in any small city district, when there being railcar group (2) approaching A point in the circular orbit around city a, he is in the mode of trotting or enters to platform and refutes car (3) mode and get on the bus, and is transported in the circular orbit around city a.If destination is at another the street such as B point of same circular orbit, as long as he gets off when railcar group is run and arrived B point；If destination is at the C point of another little city such as city i of adjacent orbit, as long as he gets on the right track when car group is transported to intersections of streets mouth from A point, move towards in the footpath in street i city, wait around city i, railcar group in the circular orbit of d arrives, C point it is transported to after getting on the bus, D point such as destination a little further such as city f again, he arrives from A point and follows the prescribed rules the footpath of C Dian Guo street entrance city g after C point, wait around city e, f, the arrival of the circular orbit inner orbit car group of g, get off when being transported to D point after up；Such as destination city in farther out another, as long as after he gets on the right track car group from starting point, the position selecting paths according to the bus-stop having through destination.After such as he gets on the bus from the A point of city a, if he is delivered to the non-through platform of platform on major trunk roads such as B place by the railcar group in a city, and the bus-stop of his through destination is at the E point of city d, as long as he gets on the right track when car group is transported to intersections of streets mouth from A point, move towards in the footpath in street i city, wait around city i, railcar group in the circular orbit of d arrives, it is transported to E point after getting on the bus to get off and transfer to bus, get off when bus arrives at the middle city at place, the car group that gets on the right track is transported to the destination within middle city.
Owing to railcar group is not parking operation, track is again special, and the girth of each circular orbit is less big, and railcar group week age interval of detouring is short and can be punctual, and therefore this waiting time generally only has several minutes.
Circular orbit (1) is positioned on the street that little city is peripheral, and only wide more than one meter, it is made up of guide rail (4), guard rail (6) and marking lines.Marking lines indicates the scope of track with eye-catching paint, can pass through but can not stop any barrier in marking lines.Guard rail (6) is in the outside of circular orbit, by short steel column (35) be converted into definite shape and form with the sheet metal (36) strengthening collision resistance, the automobile travelled on street is kept apart by it, with the safety of passenger on service truck.Circular orbit being in major trunk roads, guard rail must be built in the place of these heavy traffic of subsidiary road.The part that each circular orbit (1) is on major trunk roads or subsidiary road in Fig. 2 is provided with guard rail (6).Owing to car is relatively fewer and branch road relatively narrower on branch road, circular orbit is completely open, just only surplus guide rail (4) and marking lines, right of way can be shared with other vehicle, railcar group (2) cross after track road surface be available for other vehicle pass-through utilize, such as its speed is close with bicycle, and cycle track can be used as in track road surface.
Guard rail (6) is off at zebra crossing (7) place, it is simple to people enter into street by zebra crossing.The place such as office, unit of vehicles while passing, school, residential quarter (in figure X) is had greatly in front of the door between little city and street, prevention railing (8) and signal lights (9) are set, when railcar group (2) is by this location, signal lights when red, railing (8) is stoped to put down (just as the plane road junction that train passes through highway), remind and stop vehicles while passing, after railcar group is passed through, green light, railing is stoped to be packed up, vehicle pass-through.If there is guard rail herein, guard rail must disconnect, automobile can from then on gap, by guide rail (4) from primary and secondary arterial highway to city in mutually come in and go out, in Fig. 2 e city illustrated.Some circular orbits enclose several little city, city b and c, i and d in figure, e, f and g are respectively surrounded by a common circular orbit, branch road between little city goes out guild to be produced to intersect with circular orbit, is also provided with signal lights (9) at branch road crossing with circular orbit infall, when railcar group is by this crossing, the when red of signal lights, vehicle parking on branch road, after railcar group is passed through, green light lights clearance.The inner side of circular orbit (1) does not have guard rail, it is simple to people get on the bus everywhere when railcar group approaching on pavement.
City Terrain varies, and width is opened in corner physical features in some streets, and railcar group (2) turns in guide rail (4) upper energy smooth transition；Some physical features are narrow and small makes radius of turn little, turn sharply, in such cases, circular orbit (1) can take some footpath, to direction, city, suitably interior receipts are a bit to increase radius of turn, inside and outside turning circular orbit (1), there is an intilted difference in height on road surface simultaneously, makes railcar group can inwardly be slightly tilted when running to herein, is beneficial to turn.
Whole system adopts driven by power.Two kinds of technical schemes are had to implement: one is contact power taking: the annularly guide rail (4) top erecting power lines (10) of track, the tractor (30) of railcar group (2) there is bow collector, from electric lines of force, takes driven by power railcar group run.This takes the mode of electric power the same with current tramcar is mature technology, and has a style of one's own owing to circular orbit joins end to end, and the erection of electric lines of force is fairly simple, it is not necessary to point, zygonema road.Consider visual pollution problem, gallery (11) can be built above circular orbit, electric lines of force (10) is placed in gallery (11), sun-rain-shading when gallery can be citizen upper and lower railcar group (2), solar panel (12) can be laid at the upper surface of gallery simultaneously, provide electric power for whole system.The mode of another kind of contact power taking is installation electric lines of force on guard rail, specifically introduces later.
Two is vehicular electricity storage pool power supply plan.Namely on the tractor (30) of railcar group (2), accumulator is installed, charging pile is set at arbitrary platform place of circular orbit.Railcar group, after terminating a working day, is just parked in and charges to Vehicular accumulator cell on the circular orbit at this platform place, when next working day starts by driver's startup optimization.Installing two group storage batteries on tractor, one group drives railcar group to run, and another group is then by refuting car (3) boost charge, and two group storage batteries hocket.
Refute and car (3) has accumulator, refute car and also charging while carrying on platform.Charging is to adopt induction mode.Detailed process is: have the charging zone that an area is less on platform, and at one ditch of underground excavation of charging zone, in ditch, both sides inwall and bottom of trench rubber slab (13) are laid in the hope of insulation.Lay a torch (14) on the face of bottom of trench rubber slab, this torch wire is connected with the live wire of extraneous electrical network, while torch on the several little iron sheet pieces (15) of hook.Buried another root torch (14) underground in the surface of torch, it is exposed to ground, is that insulation separates, but has a slight space, and burying underground of torch tightly not allow rainwater penetrate between two torches.Magnet (16) and two collecting brushes (17) are had in the bottom refuting car (3).Sail platform when refuting car at railcar group (2) afterbody disengaging tailing edge branch guideway (5), refute car after parking and cover charging zone.The Magnet (16) refuting underbody portion attracts little iron sheet piece (15) to lift on the torch (14) being exposed to ground in touching, as long as there being a little iron sheet piece to run into the torch on ground, ground torch is just charged.The collecting brush (17) refuting underbody portion contacts importing electric current with ground torch (14), and another brush contacts with ground earthing pole (18) and forms loop to the accumulator charging refuting on car.Not had attraction when car leaves charging zone when refuting, little iron sheet piece (15) falls, and ground torch no longer has electricity, even if pedestrian runs into also safety nothing anxiety.
Guide rail (4) is positioned at circular orbit and joins end to end, and encloses its surrounded little city, railcar group (2) and refute car (3) and just run on guide rail, guide rail control their traffic direction.Guide rail has multiple types, such as the rail formula adopting train, subway to use, and corresponding railcar group and refute car and must adopt and have the wheel of wheel rim.This technology is extremely general, no longer states at this.
Guide rail (4) can adopt the form of T-steel, namely the ground in circular orbit joins end to end according to orbital path and lay T-steel (19), its flange plate foundation bolt fixes on the ground, and its web is to whole car group and refutes car and play the guiding role.Railcar group (2) be actually by after tractor (30) and some joint compartments (39) tandem again hook refute an assembly of car, as train on guide rail operation.When adopting T steel guide rail standard, railcar group (2) and the wheel refuting car are rubber wheel type.At tractor (30), respectively save compartment (39) and refute car (3) is all installed guide post (20), guide post is made up of roller (21), bearing, support bar (23), support bar is hinged on vehicle front, its centre is hinged little hydraulic press (24), two rollers (21) are fixed by bearing horizontal direction in support bar bottom, and namely roller is to rotate in the horizontal plane with support bar for axle.The two roller one the first from left right side is stuck in the both sides of T steel rail web, distance web slightly space.Little hydraulic press (24) is fixed on below car body, and its plunger is hinged on support bar, and its oil pipe (22) is connected with a hydraulic press (32) on the trapezoidal connecting rod steering mechanism of car body.Guide post, little hydraulic press, trapezoidal connecting rod steering mechanism constitute a device for regulating direction.When T steel guide rail (19) is rectilinear direction state, roller (21) collision is less than its web, and railcar group (2) is that rectilinear direction is run.nullWhen the curved beginning break-in of T steel (19)，Railcar group (2) remains original direction and runs，Roller (21) on guide post (20) can collide upper T steel web according to original inertia or left or right，Web is counter pushes away roller，Thrust acts on little hydraulic press (24) by support bar (23)，Little hydraulic press is conducted to the hydraulic press (32) on trapezoidal connecting rod steering mechanism，Hydraulic press acts on trapezoidal connecting rod steering mechanism，Make front-wheel break-in，So that vehicle break-in，Continuous bending along with T steel，Roller constantly collides web in advance，In collision, support bar constantly regulates the stress size and Orientation of little hydraulic press，Institute's stress is constantly passed to hydraulic press by little hydraulic press，Trapezoidal connecting rod steering mechanism is constantly adjusted，The continuous break-in of vehicle is made to advance，Until T steel linearly direction again，Break-in reef knot bundle.Like this, it is automatically adjusted direction process by what the cooperation of T steel guide rail (19) and guide post (20) completed railcar group (2).
The speed of service of railcar group is slower, and have a small amount of space between the two of guide post rollers and T steel web, collision dynamics during roller collision web is little, during break-in, roller is to roll on web, to slow down impact, and there is an intilted difference in height on road surface inside and outside turning circular orbit (1), make railcar group can inwardly be slightly tilted when running to herein, be beneficial to turn.
Also guide post (20) is had at the front center refuting car (3) base plate, it is with in the same web being also stuck in T steel guide rail (19) of guide post on the tractor (30) of railcar group and compartment (39), but trundle (21) position of tractor and each guide post saving compartment is higher, act on the upper end of T-steel web, and two trundles refuting car guide post act on the bottom of web.Refute car (3) and be hooked on after the most Ji Wei railway carriage or compartment, deutomerite compartment of railcar group, run with whole car group.On platform place T-steel guide rail, a plate washer (25) is being set, when railcar group runs to herein, frizzen (51) on tail railway carriage or compartment can first run into baffle plate (25), to one signal of telecommunication of the control circuit on tail railway carriage or compartment, car (3) unhook of refuting of hook after tail railway carriage or compartment is made to separate.From T steel guide rail, separate a T-steel branch guideway (26) simultaneously, its flange plate is also fixed with foundation bolt, the web height of branch guideway is lower than the web of T steel guide rail, also below the height of two trundles on tractor and each guide post saving compartment, make tractor and compartment unaffected when passing through.Bifurcation T steel guide rail has and can hold the breach that trundle (21) traverse is gone, refute one trundle when the guide post of car arrives herein firmly can not be advanced along the direction of original T steel guide rail again by T steel branch guideway shelves, the breach that another trundle then can pass through on T steel guide rail advances along T steel branch guideway path, thus refute car and can sail platform into along T steel branch guideway, in like manner refute car and also be able to be incorporated into T steel guide rail from platform.The place that T steel branch guideway passes through at tractor and car wheel is off, it is simple to they pass through, and this disconnection is only wider than wheel, refutes car and can keep straight on by this disconnection mouth according to inertia.Equally, T-steel guide rail also disconnects and is easy to refute car and passes through refuting the position that car wheel passes through.
When adopting T steel guide rail, in the section having automobile to pass crosswise, such as institutional settings school etc. big adds steel in front of the door and crosses plate (27), it is simple to automobile is come in and gone out city by T steel, makes web deform to prevent automobile from rolling for a long time.Cross hollow in plate, it is simple to two trundles (21) of guide post are passed through.
Guide rail (4) can also adopt guiding ditch (28) form.Guiding ditch is one end to end shallow ridges of excavation on the street residing for circular orbit (1), and it is wide at 20 centimetres, deeply at 30 cm.When adopting guiding ditch standard, railcar group (2) and the wheel refuting car are also rubber wheel type.At tractor (30), respectively save compartment (39) and refuting and car (3) is all installed guide post (20) stretch in guiding ditch (28).The composition of its guiding mechanism and mechanism and T steel guide rail mode are the same, unique difference is the roller only one of which on guide post, is the left furrow bank of the upper ditch that leads of collision or right furrow bank and is subject to propulsive thrust to the right or to the left and acts on little hydraulic press during guiding.Also guide post (20) is had at the front center refuting car (3) base plate, it also extend in guiding ditch (28) with the guide post on the tractor of railcar group and compartment is the same, but the guide post on tractor and compartment stretches into shallower in guiding ditch, its roller is collision inwall above guiding ditch, and the guide post refuting car stretches into relatively deep in guiding ditch, its roller is the bottom impacts inwall at guiding ditch.Near platform place, the horizontally arranged plate washer (25) of ditch (28) inwall of leading, baffle position is higher than the roller (21) of guide post (20).Refute car (3) and be hooked on after the tail railway carriage or compartment of railcar group, run with whole car group.When railcar group runs to herein, the frizzen (51) on tail railway carriage or compartment can first run into baffle plate (25), to one signal of telecommunication of the control circuit on tail railway carriage or compartment, makes car (3) unhook of refuting of hook after tail railway carriage or compartment separate.Branch's guiding ditch is separated from guiding ditch, the degree of depth of branch's guiding ditch is equally deep with guiding ditch, but the bottom of trench degree of depth of the ditch (28) that starts to lead is raised herein, close to the height of upper guide post (20) roller (21) of tractor (30) and compartment (39).So when railcar group runs to this place, guide post on tractor and compartment can pass through from the guiding ditch having raised bottom of trench, railcar group is run according to former direction, car of refuting after unhook can according to original direction operation in guiding ditch because of inertia, but owing to the bottom of trench of the ditch that leads is raised, and guide post (20) position of refuting car is deeper, the bottom of trench of guiding ditch can be collided, can not run with direction as tractor and compartment again, force it to turn to according to branch's guiding ditch and sail platform into, visitor on lower visitor after stopping on platform.Until one circular flow of railcar group is again near platform herein, remote control starts this and refutes car, then is led in ditch importing original guiding ditch by branch, and leads ditch after the ditch that leads with branch merges, its bottom of trench degree of depth and the branch ditch that leads is equally deep, can hold the guide post refuting car and pass through.
The width of branch's guiding ditch is the same with guiding ditch.Tractor, compartment and refute guide post on car roller (21) diameter than guiding ditch (28) inner width slightly smaller, so make collision dynamics during roller collision guiding ditch inwall little, during break-in, roller is to roll on ditch inwall, to slow down impact.Guiding ditch communicates with the gutter on road surface, it is simple to the discharge of rainwater in ditch after rain.
On guiding ditch (19) groove face, both sides cover cover plate (29), cover plate is fixed on road surface by foundation bolt, hide the major part of groove face, centre reserves space and can hold guide post (20) and pass through, in the section having automobile to pass crosswise such as institutional settings school etc. big in front of the door, cover plate (29) is easy to automobile and is come in and gone out city by the ditch that leads, and is also prevented from pedestrian and slips and enter in ditch.
Have one to two group railcar group (2) to run in each circular orbit (1), can according to the volume of the flow of passengers, street locations, circular orbit the concrete condition such as girth determine railcar group quantity, be generally advisable with one group.When the volume of the flow of passengers is relatively big, the operation track time of one week can arrange two groups time longer.
The tractor (30) of railcar group (2) and the front and back end central authorities in each joint compartment (39) have set coupling device to be easy to link before and after them, namely on the base plate of they front and back end central authorities, have a flange (31) and a groove (45) all respectively, on it all porose, flange (31) on later section car can stretch in the groove (45) of previous joint car and be bolted together, after such tandem, tractor (30), as locomotive engine, drives compartment behind and refutes car and run in circular orbit.Tractor is passenger not, it is provided with drive motor, guide post (20), brake unit, steering mechanism, alarming device, adopt Vehicular accumulator cell mode to provide accumulator (61) is then installed during power, when adopting power line mode to power, then bow collector (38) installed by tractor.No matter which kind of power supply mode, every workday starts to be opened motor by driver and drives railcar group to run, owing to railcar group is not parking traveling at the uniform speed after operation, direction is also by guide rail control, whole service process is in automatic operating state, driver, simply to whole service implementation Process monitoring management, processes some burst things and makes a dash across the red light and account for track as run into someone and affect the problem that railcar group is properly functioning.
Tractor (30) adopts rear wheel drive mode to drive whole railcar group to run under drive motor drives, and adopts the mode that guide post coordinates with guide rail to regulate direction.Hinged guide post (20) in the middle position of tractor front bottom end, on tractor, fix a little hydraulic press (24) simultaneously, its plunger is hinged with guide post.Although tractor does not have steering wheel and associated actuator mechanism such as universal joint etc., but front-wheel is by trapezoidal connecting rod steering mechanism and vehicle body integrator, for ease of the detailed process that explanation turns to, the present embodiment is illustrated in conjunction with based on the trapezoidal connecting rod steering mechanism model of Ai Keman by T steel guide rail mode: fix a hydraulic press (32) on hull bottom plate, its plunger is connected with the pitman arm (33) of trapezoidal connecting rod steering mechanism, it is connected with little hydraulic press (24) by oil pipe (22), little hydraulic press is fixing onboard, its plunger is hinged on guide post (20).When T steel guide rail (19) linearly direction, roller (21) on guide post (20) does not collide web, all not stressing on two hydraulic presses, pitman arm position on connecting rod is placed in the middle, and two front-wheels (34) are not biased towards keeping keeping straight on.During such as guide rail spring Qu Bianxiang to the left, when then vehicle is kept straight on, left side roller can collide web, web is counter pushes away left side roller, this thrust compresses its plunger exactly on little hydraulic press, the pressure equivalence produced is passed to hydraulic press (32) by oil pipe (22), and hydraulic press plunger produces bigger pressure and promotes pitman arm (33) left swing, promotes Drag link reach, promoting front-wheel left avertence to turn, vehicle turns to the left；Otherwise, then promote front-wheel right avertence to turn, vehicle turns to the right.
Tractor accumulator is except mentioned by except refuting car mode boost charge, it is also possible to take electric power boost charge from guard rail.Guard rail (6) is in the outside of guide rail, by short steel column (35) be converted into what definite shape formed with the sheet metal (36) strengthening collision resistance.The above-mentioned direction process that is automatically adjusted of vehicle is made railcar group (2) run by the path of guide rail all the time by guide rail (4), by disposed at equal distance between guard rail (6) and guide rail, the steel plate of guard rail is being converted into the groove of concave shape near ground place, electro-insulating rubber pad (37) is arranged in groove, fixing exposed electric lines of force (10) under rubber blanket, electric wire connects electrical network.When raining, rainwater slides along steel-sheet rabbet, and the exposed electric wire in groove is not drenched with rain.Underbody at tractor (30) is stretched out a single armed bow collector (38) and is contacted with electric lines of force and take electric power, has collecting brush to form loop with guide rail contact in underbody, and such tractor just can take electric power from guard rail.Owing to electric lines of force is rigid to be fixed on guard rail, and bow collector contact process will not produce vibration, make to take electric power and be easier.
Compartment (39) is taken for passenger.Compartment Shang You steering mechanism, upper visitor's door (40), get-off door (41), low ground pedal (42), handrail (43), seat (44), guide post and flange is had, rear end fluted (45) in front end, compartment.Compartment is the car body that front and back are through, each joint compartment and tractor (30) and refute after car (3) connects, passenger can walk about front and back, comes into looser compartment from more crowded compartment, or enter from compartment and refute car so that lower visitor, it is also possible to from refuting entrance compartment car.
The installation site of guide post and the effect in compartment is the same with tractor, does not carefully state.
(42) for low ground pedal, about 5 centimeters of ground of pedal distance, in order to people are upper and lower.Often there are two pieces of pedals in joint compartment, and one piece longer, is positioned at after visitor's door (40), it is possible to holding three or four people simultaneously and set foot on, one piece shorter, is positioned at after get-off door (41).Having handrail (43) on the outer wall in compartment, handrail is positioned at above pedal, equally long with pedal.There is rain cover paulin (46) in compartment on the outer wall above handrail, the overhanging width of paulin is slightly above pedal.
Upper visitor's door (40) is electronic-brush toll bar, unlatching of swiping the card from outside.Get-off door (41) is mounted with door lock and door closer, and door lock can only be opened in compartment.
Passenger is on pavement, when railcar group (2) approaching, run in the same direction a few step with the mode of trotting and railcar group, time synchronized with car group, left hand gets a grip on the rail (43), setting foot on low ground pedal (42), on going on pedal, visitor door place swipes the card and opens visitor's door (40) entrance compartment；Turning on door-lock opening get-off door (41) in compartment during lower visitor and walk upper footboard (42), get-off door is re-closing off under door closer effect.People faces car group direction of advance on pedal, and left hand (43) right crus of diaphragm that gets a grip on the rail lands, and foot is trotted once contacting to earth, until body balance trot time left hand go off the hand grip and stop.
Rain cover paulin (46) is for passenger's rain cover, and also the card reader for upper visitor's door (40) acts protection of taking shelter from rain.
On avenue, some places cultural relics and historic sites are numerous, or it is an exquisite scenery, it it is a band of going sightseeing, approach railcar group herein can use as tour bus (47), namely tractor structure function is constant, carriage body construction slight variation some: car body is open, there are guide post, steering mechanism, seat, roof is roomy can sun-rain-shading, without four walls and car door, seat is double cab, and outer above Chair back have handle (48), and during upper and lower tour bus, hands just catches handle to stand on pedal up and down.The both sides of tour bus have low ground pedal (42) from front to back, and pedal is positioned at outside wheel to cover in wheel to prevent passenger's feet from running into wheel.Owing to each circular orbit is independent from having a style of one's own, running does not interfere with each other and affects, and the railcar group gone sightseeing in band has acted primarily as sightseeing function, and the speed of service of its railcar group can reduce to the walking speed of people further, and jogging speed is run.Namely, when not parking, visitor and car group are walked in the same direction, and hands catches handle (48) to set foot on pedal (42) can enter in compartment of going sightseeing visit of sitting down.Owing to without compartment wall, the both sides of tour bus can be upper and lower, formulate the rule of upper right lower-left for this, namely from the upper left side in the right side of vehicle forward direction, make not chaotic in order up and down.
The tail railway carriage or compartment, final section compartment of railcar group due to refute car (3) and be connected, its rear end un-grooved, other structure function moulding is the same with preceding carriage, additionally adds tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook (49), bumper post (50), frizzen (51) and control circuit.Control circuit has electric magnet (52), infrared emission tube (53), the time relay (54), static contact (55), triggers switch (56), its power supply accesses control circuit after accumulator (61) blood pressure lowering tractor, wherein infrared emission tube is in parallel with electric magnet that access circuit again after connecting with the time relay, and triggering switch is circuit general switch.Tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook (49) is made up of the neck of hook (57) and gib head (58), the neck of hook (57) horizontal direction is fixed on the rear end central authorities bottom tail railway carriage or compartment, pommel central perforation, gib head (58) is namely the dynamic iron core of electric magnet (52), in the hole recovering gib head under spring effect and can extend into the neck of hook (57), form tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook (49) during electric magnet no power, complete hook and refute the function of car；Producing the dynamic iron core of magnetic field suction after electric magnet is energized makes gib head (58) leave the neck of hook (57), makes to refute car and has no way of hook and break off relations.
Frizzen (51) is positioned at below the base plate in tail railway carriage or compartment, the same with guide post (20) stretches to guide rail (4), and when guide rail is T steel, frizzen is directly vertically downward and the web of a little higher than T steel；When guide rail is guiding ditch, frizzen stretches into guiding ditch (28) from the centre of cover plate (29), then stretches under cross break in ditch.The centre of frizzen is articulated with on tail railway carriage or compartment, and top is one and triggers switch (56), and there is back-moving spring (59) bottom.One end of back-moving spring (59) is fixed on tail railway carriage or compartment, and the other end is hooked on frizzen (51).Trigger switch and electric magnet (52), infrared emission tube (53), the time relay (54) and tractor accumulator (61) one control circuit of composition, not contacting the static contact (55) of control circuit at ordinary times under action of reset spring, control circuit is off.The dynamic iron core of off-state lower electromagnet and gib head (58) recover to expose one tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook (49) of formation under spring effect through the hole of the neck of hook (57) at electric magnet and refute car (3) for hook.When railcar group is run close to platform on guide rail, frizzen (51) on tail railway carriage or compartment can first collide the baffle plate (25) in upper rail, owing to frizzen (51) is to be hinged on tail railway carriage or compartment, it deflects because baffle plate blocks, because of deflection, elevated position slips on baffle plate in the lower end of frizzen, but triggering switch (56) that the frizzen other end connects then contacts with the static contact (55) of control circuit and makes circuit in an ON state, electric magnet (52) produces the dynamic iron core of magnetic field suction in it after circuit ON makes gib head (58) exit from the neck of hook (57), tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook (49) is only a neck of hook this moment, the hook (62) refuting car (3) is puted forth effort nowhere and can not be hooked on tail railway carriage or compartment, depart from rapidly under bumper post (50) helps.Bumper post (50) has two, above has high-strength spring, is symmetrically distributed on the base plate in tail railway carriage or compartment, plays cushioning effect when refuting hitch and hanging up tail railway carriage or compartment, and when refuting car and departing from tail railway carriage or compartment, bumper post (50) anti-tug-barge car helps it to depart from.
After control circuit is connected, while work of electromagnet, infrared emission tube and time relay place circuit are also connected, under the time relay (54) acts on, infrared emission tube (53) postpone within one or two seconds, wait refute be kept completely separate between car and tail railway carriage or compartment after to refute drive motor on car send start motor signal, this signal is also received by the car of refuting rested on platform simultaneously, refute after car receives signal and initiate self motor, the car of refuting just having departed from tail railway carriage or compartment enters platform from opening tailing edge branch guideway, and former on platform refute car from open tailing edge branch guideway enter circular orbit, it is hooked on again on tail railway carriage or compartment after the car group that gets on the right track in hot pursuit.
Baffle plate (25) is longer, so that control circuit keeps two or three second time to connect, it is ensured that infrared emission tube has enough time to send signal.After frizzen (51) slips over baffle plate (25), back-moving spring (59) helps frizzen (51) to reset.After frizzen resets, trigger switch (56) leave control circuit, control circuit disconnects, electric magnet recovers spring effect Regression previous status in inside, gib head (58) stretches into again and forms tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook (49) in the hole of the neck of hook (57) and wait that the hitch of refuting just rolled away from from platform is hung, and infrared emission tube does not retransmit signal yet.
The upper surface of the neck of hook (57) has two pieces of copper reeds (60).It it is insulation between copper reed and the neck of hook.Two pieces of copper reeds are connected to two conductor wires, communicate one charging circuit of composition with the accumulator (61) on tractor, accumulator is as a load, tail railway carriage or compartment with refute hitch hang after, these two pieces of copper reeds can pass through the hook (62) refuted on car and be connected with refuting car accumulator, thus the accumulator refuted on car and the accumulator on tractor connect and to tractor accumulator (61) boost charge.
Refuting car (3) is a kind of will carry object or the personage handicapped because of physical reason sends into the dilly of compartment (39).Its Shang You steering mechanism, guide post (20), hook (62), accumulator, collecting brush (17), upper visitor's door (40), get-off door (41), seat (44), access door (63), Magnet (16), stop rod (64), infrared receiver tube (65), Switching Power Supply (69), IGCT (70), access door motor (72), refute car drive motor (74), parking arm (76).The 26S Proteasome Structure and Function of guide post (20) is the same with the guide post on tractor, compartment, it is relatively low that difference only refutes guide post height on car, stress point when it turns on guide rail is the bottom at guide rail and branch guideway, and guide post position on tractor and compartment is higher, acts on the top of guide rail.Refuting the hinged little hydraulic press of the guide post on car, its course changing control process to refuting when car runs on guide rail and branch guideway is the same with tractor, be not described further in detail.Refuting when car is parked in the charging zone of platform and charged a battery by induction mode, after leaving charging zone, accumulator is that each load provides electric power.
Refuting the access door on car (63) is device of electric sliding door, is driven it to open by access door motor (72) or is closed, and it is positioned at the Herba Plantaginis refuting car.After refuting car and tail railway carriage or compartment hook, motor rotates forward, and opens access door, and passenger comes into compartment from refuting car, and the passenger being intended to get off then enters from compartment and refutes car.After refuting car and the disengaging of tail railway carriage or compartment, motor reversal, access door is closed.
Hook (62) shape in T shape, it is hinged on the middle position of the front end base plate refuting car (3), one of its horizontal segment has the fixture of gib head shape above, and it cooperates with tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook (49) on tail railway carriage or compartment and refutes car for hook.Hook is used not only for hook tail railway carriage or compartment, also controls unlatching or the Guan Bi of three circuit simultaneously, has the function of twolip switch.There are two copper reeds (60) at gib head place, the other end has two pairs of moving contacts one on the other, the handle of hook (62) is stretched under middle part and forms a stop rod (64) close to ground, stop rod has back-moving spring (66), the by-level of parking arm (76) is hinged under the base plate refuting car, one end of parking arm is inconsistent with stop rod, and the other end vertically stretches to ground.Two copper reeds (60) and upper and lower two pairs of moving contacts all and insulate between hook, wherein go up and be connected with wire between moving contact (67) with copper reed (60), access door motor (72) is in parallel with refuting car drive motor (74) again after first connecting with travel switch (73) is then connected to form main circuit with wire and lower moving contact (68), and Switching Power Supply (69), IGCT (70), infrared receiver tube (65) composition refutes the triggering circuit of car drive motor；Side, the left side contact of upper moving contact is intersected and side, the right lower moving contact wire connects, moving contact on side on the right of another is intersected and another side, left side lower moving contact wire connects, form a double-point double-throw switch and control the rotating of access door motor.
Refute car on base plate, also secure a pair static contact (71), this is to the position of static contact in the centre of upper moving contact (67) and lower moving contact (68), and static contact (71) is connected with refuting the outfan of accumulator on car with wire.
nullRefute car (3) when running on circular orbit with railcar group (2) behind tail railway carriage or compartment on hook，Tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook (49) hook on tail railway carriage or compartment refutes the hook (62) on car，Copper reed (60) on hook contacts with the copper reed (60) on the tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook neck of hook (57)，Hook (62) its gib head position after hook is raised simultaneously，It is pulled down on the neck of hook (57) being pressed in tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook by back-moving spring (66)，After the position of hook gib head is raised，Owing to hook is that middle part is hinged on and refutes on car，The other end position making hook declines，On it, moving contact (67) contacts with refuting car static contact (71)，So pass through wire from the accumulator refuted car、Static contact (71)、Upper moving contact (67)、Hook copper reed (60)、Touching hook copper reed (60)、Whole UNICOMs between tractor accumulator (61)，Tractor accumulator is equivalent to a load，Can from refuting car accumulator boost charge.Now, access door motor (72) forward refuting car is connected, and is in rotating forward state and opens access door (63), is opened to a certain degree travel switch (73) and cuts off circuit, and motor stalling, passenger passes through from the access door opened.Now refuting car owner's circuit and be in reverse on-state, by IGCT (70) reverse blocking effect, refuting car drive motor (74) can not operate.Separate when refuting to break off relations between car with tail railway carriage or compartment, hook is under the drop-down effect of back-moving spring (66), its gib head position declines, lower moving contact (68) position of the hook other end rises and contacts with static contact (71), upper moving contact (67) leaves static contact (71), so it is in reverse-conducting state by wire, static contact, lower moving contact and access door motor (72) from refuting car accumulator, access door motor reversal closing passage door (63), after access door is closed, travel switch (73) cuts off circuit, motor stalling, passenger can not pass through.And now refute vehicle motor circuit and be in forward on-state, but can't start, infrared receiver tube (65) and Switching Power Supply (69) are connected on the control of IGCT (70) and extremely go up, after infrared receiver tube receives the enabling signal sent on tail railway carriage or compartment, trigger circuit just can turn on, start motor rotation, enabling signal disappearance rear motor runs well, and circuit is in the conduction state.Refute car (3) and enter platform along branch guideway under the driving of drive motor (74).A protruding ground block (75) is had on the ground of platform, refute car and enter parking arm (76) and ground block (75) collision during platform, the other end of parking arm then promotes the stop rod (64) of hook lower end, make the gib head end position lifting on hook, lower moving contact (68) separates with static contact (71) again, circuit disconnects, drive motor (74) is shut down, refute car with inertia traveling to charging zone stopping for charging, after crossing ground baffle plate, stop rod (64) its lower moving contact (68) under back-moving spring (66) acts on contacts with static contact (71) again, make circuit in an ON state, but the infrared receiver tube (65) on circuit does not receive signal, the triggering circuit of IGCT (70) is not switched on, motor can not start.nullRefute on-board and off-board after car stops，When railcar group is run one week around circular orbit and to be arrived again this platform place，The enabling signal that on tail railway carriage or compartment, infrared emission tube (53) sends is received by the infrared receiver tube (65) refuting on car on platform equally，The triggering circuit of IGCT is connected again，Drive motor restarts，Circular orbit railcar group in hot pursuit is entered along branch guideway，Access door motor (72) is still within reverse-conducting state and is blocked by travel switch (73) and do not start，Until refute car catch up with tail railway carriage or compartment hook herein above after，Lower moving contact (68) on hook separates with static contact (71)，Upper moving contact (67) contacts with static contact (71)，Access door motor circuit forward conduction，Access door motor (72) rotates forward and opens access door，Refute car drive motor circuit reverse-conducting，Motor stalling，Refute car to be towed by railcar group.
Due to tractor, each joint compartment and refute the traffic direction of car all by guide rail control, it is absent from altering to problem, this makes to refute frizzen (51) and the baffle plate (25) on guide rail on the hook between car hook (62) and tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook (49), tail railway carriage or compartment, refutes parking arm on car (76) and ground block (75), collecting brush (17) and contacting between ground torch (14) and earthing pole (18), can both accurately complete.
Upper visitor's door (40) refuting car is door of automatically swiping the card, and passenger automatically opens up after swiping the card outside car, and passenger enters to refute and waits driving under car recoil.Get-off door has spring lock and door closer on (41), and passenger can only twist spring lock in car and open door, and after getting off, door closer cuts out get-off door.
1. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines, it is characterized in that: city has been divided into little city one by one by big and small street is crisscross, end to end circular orbit is set up in the street that little city is peripheral, each circular orbit is looked the actual size of little city area and is surrounded one or several little city, all some is positioned on major trunk roads or subsidiary road each circular orbit, guide rail is had in circular orbit, guide rail have with the railcar group of the speed not parking at the uniform velocity circular flow in the direction of the clock set, on circular orbit, fixed point arranges platform, platform is refuted car, whole system adopts driven by power.
2. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described circular orbit is based upon on the crisscross street that city is divided into little city one by one, it is made up of guide rail, guard rail, marking lines, guard rail installed by circular orbit on major trunk roads subsidiary road, branch road is not installed, circular orbit disconnects in the place passed crosswise with automobile and the pedestrian crossing's guard rail, arranges prevention railing and signal lights at the place of passing crosswise simultaneously.
3. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described guide rail is positioned at circular orbit and joins end to end, and guide rail can be rail, and now the wheel in railcar group is to have rim；Guide rail can also be T steel formula or guiding ditch formula, and now the wheel in railcar group is rubber wheel type, and has guide post on all vehicles of railcar group, and guide post coordinates the traffic direction controlling railcar group with guide rail, guide rail has branch guideway connect platform.
4. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described guide post is arranged on the front end base plate central authorities of vehicle, it is made up of support bar, bearing and roller, the power of suffered guide rail is passed to by two hydraulic presses the steering mechanism of vehicle；
Described T steel formula guide rail is to lay T-steel according to orbital path on the ground in circular orbit, its flange plate foundation bolt fixes on the ground, whole car group is play the guiding role by its web, from T steel guide rail, separate a T-steel branch guideway connect platform, the web height of T steel branch guideway is lower than T steel, jagged and baffle plate on bifurcation T steel guide rail, the place that T steel branch guideway passes through at tractor and car wheel disconnects, T-steel guide rail also disconnects refuting the position that car wheel passes through, T steel guide rail adds steel in the section having automobile to pass crosswise and crosses plate；
Described guiding ditch formula guide rail is one end to end shallow ridges of excavation on the street residing for circular orbit, ditch has cover plate, from guiding ditch, separate branch's guiding ditch connect platform, the bottom of trench degree of depth of branch's guiding ditch is equally deep with guiding ditch, but the bottom of trench degree of depth at bifurcation guiding ditch is raised, guiding ditch has baffle plate in bifurcation, and after branch's guiding ditch imports guiding ditch from platform, it is equally high that the bottom of trench of guiding ditch is reduced to the ditch that leads with branch.
5. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described railcar group be by after tractor and compartment tandem again hook one joint refute the compound body of car, it is tractor and tour bus in sightseeing location railcar component, there are set coupling device in the rear and front end central authorities of tractor and compartment and tour bus, refute car then by being hooked on the tail railway carriage or compartment of railcar group.
6. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described tractor is provided with drive motor, guide post, steering mechanism, brake unit, alarming device, adopt Vehicular accumulator cell mode to provide and accumulator is then installed during power, adopt power line mode, when powering, bow collector is then installed；
Described compartment is the car body that front and back are through, and compartment has guide post, steering mechanism, upper visitor door, get-off door, low ground pedal, handrail, seat, rain cover paulin, flange, groove；
The car body of described tour bus is open, roof roomy nothing four wall and car door, has guide post, steering mechanism, seat, and outer above Chair back have handle, and the both sides of tour bus have low ground pedal from front to back, and pedal is positioned at outside wheel and is covered in by wheel.
Described Wei Xiangshangyou steering mechanism, upper visitor's door, get-off door, low ground pedal, handrail, seat, rain cover paulin, guide post, flange, tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook, bumper post, frizzen and control circuit, control circuit has electric magnet, infrared emission tube, the time relay, static contact, triggering switch, the power supply of control circuit introduces from the accumulator blood pressure lowering tractor, infrared emission tube Access Control circuit in parallel with electric magnet again after connecting with the time relay, triggering switch is circuit general switch；Tail railway carriage or compartment touching hook is made up of the neck of hook and gib head, neck of hook pommel central perforation, and namely gib head is the dynamic iron core of electric magnet, the neck of hook has two pieces of copper reeds, being insulation between copper reed and the neck of hook, two pieces of copper reeds are connected to two conductor wires, and communicate one charging circuit of composition with the accumulator on tractor；Frizzen is positioned at below the base plate in tail railway carriage or compartment, and the centre of frizzen is articulated with on tail railway carriage or compartment, and top is one and triggers switch, and there is back-moving spring bottom.
7. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Bo Cheshangyou steering mechanism, guide post, link up with, refute car drive motor, accumulator, collecting brush, upper visitor door, get-off door, seat, access door, access door motor, travel switch, Magnet, IGCT, Switching Power Supply, infrared receiver tube, stop rod, parking arm, access door is device of electric sliding door.
8. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described hook shape in T shape, one fixture having gib head shape of its horizontal segment, there are two copper reeds at gib head place, the other end has two pairs of moving contacts one on the other, the handle of hook is stretched into a stop rod under middle part, stop rod has back-moving spring；It is connected with wire between upper moving contact and copper reed, access door motor is in parallel with refuting car drive motor again after connecting with travel switch, then being connected to form main circuit with wire and lower moving contact, Switching Power Supply, IGCT, infrared receiver tube composition refutes the triggering circuit of car drive motor；Side, the left side contact of upper moving contact is intersected and side, the right lower moving contact wire connects, moving contact on side on the right of another is intersected and another side, left side lower moving contact wire connects, form a double-point double-throw switch and control the rotating of access door motor.
9. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described whole system adopts driven by power, two kinds are had to obtain electric-powered manner: contact is to arrange electric lines of force on erecting power lines or guard rail above the guide rail of annularly track, and tractor has bow collector contact electric lines of force；Two is vehicular electricity storage pool, by refuting car elder generation after the charging zone induction charging of platform again to tractor accumulator boost charge.
10. the not parking circulation City Rail Transit System that declines according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: gallery built by described contact electric lines of force above circular orbit, electric lines of force is placed in gallery, upper surface at gallery can lay solar panel, or by disposed at equal distance between guard rail and guide rail, the steel plate of guard rail is being converted into the groove of concave shape near ground place, arranges electro-insulating rubber pad in groove, fixing exposed electric lines of force under rubber blanket, electric wire connects electrical network；
Described induction charging is one ditch of charging zone underground excavation on platform, in ditch, both sides inwall and bottom of trench have rubber slab, the face of rubber slab is laid a torch being connected with extraneous electrical network, the several little iron sheet pieces of hook on torch, bury another root underground in the surface of torch and be exposed to the torch on ground, have Magnet and two collecting brushes in the bottom refuting car.
Priority Applications (2)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN105799714A true CN105799714A (en)||2016-07-27|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201610018261.5A Pending CN105799714A (en)||2015-01-19||2016-01-12||No-parking type microcirculation urban rail traffic system|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN105799714A (en)|
Cited By (3)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN107776590A (en) *||2017-08-16||2018-03-09||伍萤||Cage automatic traffic line|
|CN108510731A (en) *||2018-05-24||2018-09-07||肖磊||A kind of down town road traffic system and method|
|WO2021051233A1 (en) *||2019-09-16||2021-03-25||Elways Ab||Stationary charging arrangement and method for charging|
- 2016-01-12 CN CN201610018261.5A patent/CN105799714A/en active Pending
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|CN107776590A (en) *||2017-08-16||2018-03-09||伍萤||Cage automatic traffic line|
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|WO2021051233A1 (en) *||2019-09-16||2021-03-25||Elways Ab||Stationary charging arrangement and method for charging|
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Application publication date: 20160727
|WD01||Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication|