CN105794859A - Insecticidal compound containing conidioblous thromboides and biological sources - Google Patents

Insecticidal compound containing conidioblous thromboides and biological sources Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105794859A
CN105794859A CN201610202401.4A CN201610202401A CN105794859A CN 105794859 A CN105794859 A CN 105794859A CN 201610202401 A CN201610202401 A CN 201610202401A CN 105794859 A CN105794859 A CN 105794859A
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moldin
ear
active component
active
test
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CN105794859B (en
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张秋芳
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Shanxi Thompson Biological Technology Co Ltd
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Shanxi Thompson Biological Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N63/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi, animals or substances produced by, or obtained from, microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi or animals, e.g. enzymes or fermentates
    • A01N63/30Microbial fungi; Substances produced thereby or obtained therefrom
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/90Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having two or more relevant hetero rings, condensed among themselves or with a common carbocyclic ring system
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The invention discloses an insecticidal compound containing conidioblous thromboides and biological sources.Effective active components include an active component A and an active component B.The active component A is conidioblous thromboides.The active component B is selected from any one compound in abamectin, spinosad, spinetoram and emamectin benzoate.The mass ratio of the active component A to the active component B is 0.001-30%:0.1-60%.The compound has the synergistic function on various insects harming agricultural production, the use amount of insecticide is reduced, insecticide residues on crops are reduced, environment pollution is reduced, the compound is safe to people and livestock, environment compatibility is good, and insects are not likely to generate insecticide resistance.

Description

A kind of Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin Yu biogenic substances
The application is divisional application, and original application is the patent application " a kind of Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin Yu biogenic substances " of Shanxi Thompson Biological Technology Co., Ltd., and the application number of original application is 201310029913.1, and original application day is 2013.01.25.
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of pesticide, relate to the application on crop pests of a kind of Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin and biogenic substances.
Background technology
Ear moldin (conidioblousthromboides): ear moldin is biological pesticide, is eaten postoperative infection by aphid, and amount reproduction in thalline intrusive body, spore germination, a large amount of aphids infect mutually happening and prevelence disease, it can be made to stop eating and catch an illness and dead.
Avilamycin, multiple killing teichomycin, ethyl pleocidin or emamectin-benzoate belong to biogenic pesticide, are widely used in the insect pest of preventing and treating crops, by " emamectin-benzoate " referred to as " emamectin benzoate " in the application.
But, in the real process of agricultural production, pest control is easiest to generate the problem that the generation of pest resistance to insecticide.Different cultivars composition carries out composite, is prevent and treat the method that resistant insect is very common.Heterogeneity carries out composite, according to practical application effect, judge certain composite be potentiation, add and or antagonism.In most cases, the composite effect of pesticide is all additive effect, really have potentiation composite seldom, especially potentiation clearly, significantly high composite just less of co-toxicity coefficient.Study through inventor, find to produce after composite to ear moldin and avilamycin, multiple killing teichomycin, ethyl pleocidin, emamectin benzoate good potentiation, and not yet open about the relevant report that ear moldin and avilamycin, multiple killing teichomycin, ethyl pleocidin, emamectin benzoate are composite.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to propose to a kind of there is synergistic function, use cost is low, preventive effect the is good Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin Yu biogenic substances.
A kind of Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin Yu biogenic substances that the present invention proposes, effective active composition is active components A and active component B, active components A and active component B percentage by weight are 0.001%~30%:0.1%~60%, described active components A is selected from ear moldin, active component B one in avilamycin, multiple killing teichomycin, ethyl pleocidin, emamectin benzoate, active components A and the preferred percentage by weight of active component B are 0.01%~25%:1%~40%;The percentage by weight being more preferably ear moldin and avilamycin is 0.1%~20%:1%~30%;The percentage by weight of ear moldin and multiple killing teichomycin or ethyl pleocidin is 0.1%~20%:2%~30%;The percentage by weight of ear moldin and emamectin-benzoate is 0.1%~20%:1%~25%.Female medicine of described ear moldin is 1,000,000,000/milliliter.
The Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin that the present invention proposes is for preventing and treating the purposes of insect on crops, and described crops include cereal crops, legume crop, fibre crops, sugar crop, melon crop, fruits crop, dry fruit crop, hobby crop, root crop, oil crop, flower crop, medicinal crop, crop, green manure pasture crop;Described insect includes aphid, planthopper, aleyrodid, rice leaf roller, striped rice borer, yellow rice borer, Pieris rapae, diamondback moth, leaf miner, leaf roller, bollworm, heart-eating worm, cotton boll as, beet armyworm, Prodenia litura, apple leaf miner, leafhopper, blister mite, pear sucker or thrips.
Active components A, active component B percentage by weight be 0.001%~30%:0.1%~60%.In usual compositions, the weight percentage of active component is the 0.5%~90% of gross weight, it is advantageous to be 5%~80%.According to different preparation types, active component content scope is different.Generally, liquid preparation contains the active substance of by weight 1%~70%, it is preferred that be 5%~50%;Solid preparation contains the active substance of by weight 5%~80%, it is preferred that be 10%~80%.
The Pesticidal combination of the present invention at least contains a kind of surfactant, active component dispersion in water when being beneficial to use.Surface-active contents is the 5%~30% of total formulation weight amount, and surplus is solid or liquid diluent.
The bactericidal composition of the present invention can by user before use through diluting or directly using.Its preparation can be prepared by common processing method known in those skilled in the art, after mixing with liquid flux or solid carrier by active substance, add one or more in surfactant such as dispersant, stabilizer, wetting agent, binding agent, defoamer, disintegrating agent, antifreeze etc..
The Pesticidal combination of the present invention, it is possible to be processed on any pesticide acceptable dosage form on demand, wherein more preferably dosage form is wettable powder, water dispersible granules, suspending agent, suspension emulsion, aqueous emulsion, microemulsion, microcapsule suspending agent, microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent.
Compositions comprises following constituent content when making wettable powder: active components A 0.001%~30%, active component B0.1%~60%, dispersant 2%~10%, wetting agent 2%~10%, filler surplus.
Compositions includes following constituent content when making water dispersible granules: active components A 0.001%~30%, active component B0.1%~60%, dispersant 3%~12%, wetting agent 1%~8%, disintegrating agent 1%~10%, binding agent 0~8%, filler surplus.
Compositions includes following constituent content when making suspending agent: active components A 0.001%~30%, active component B0.1%~50%, dispersant 2%~10%, wetting agent 2%~10%, defoamer 0.01%~2%, thickening agent 0~2%, antifreeze 0~8%, deionized water add to 100%.
Compositions includes following constituent content when making suspension emulsion: active components A 0.001%~30%, active component B0.1%~50%, dispersant 2%~10%, defoamer 0.01%~2%, solvent 0~15%, thickening agent 0%~2%, emulsifying agent 2%~12%, antifreeze 0~8%, stabilizer 0~3%, deionized water add to 100%.
Compositions comprises following constituent content when making aqueous emulsion: active components A 0.001%~30%, active component B0.1%~50%, solvent 1%~30%, emulsifying agent 1%~15%, antifreeze 0~8%, thickening agent 0~2%, defoamer 0.01%~2%, deionized water supply surplus.
Compositions includes following constituent content when making microcapsule suspending agent: active components A 0.001%~30%, active component B0.1%~50%, macromolecule cyst material 2%~10%, dispersant 1%~10%, organic solvent 1%~10%, emulsifying agent 1%~7%, pH adjusting agent 0.01%~5%, deionized water add to 100%.
Compositions includes following constituent content when making microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent: active components A 0.001%~30%, active component B0.1%~50%, macromolecule cyst material 2%~10%, dispersant 1%~12%, wetting agent 1%~8%, organic solvent 1%~15%, emulsifying agent 1%~6%, defoamer 0.01%~2%, thickening agent 0~2%, pH adjusting agent 0.01%~5%, deionized water add to 100%;
The wettable powder the key technical indexes of the present invention:
The water dispersible granules the key technical indexes of the present invention:
The suspending agent the key technical indexes of the present invention:
The suspension emulsion the key technical indexes of the present invention:
The aqueous emulsion the key technical indexes of the present invention:
The microcapsule suspending agent the key technical indexes of the present invention:
The microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent the key technical indexes of the present invention:
It is an advantage of the current invention that:
(1) ear moldin and avilamycin, multiple killing teichomycin, ethyl spinosad, emamectin benzoate composite after, there is obvious potentiation and lasting effect;(2) to cereal crops, legume crop, fibre crops, sugar crop, melon crop, fruits crop, dry fruit crop, hobby crop, root crop, oil crop, flower crop, medicinal crop, crop, aphid on green manure pasture crop, planthopper, aleyrodid, rice leaf roller, striped rice borer, yellow rice borer, Pieris rapae, diamondback moth, leaf miner, leaf roller, bollworm, heart-eating worm, cotton boll as, beet armyworm, Prodenia litura, apple leaf miner, leafhopper, blister mite, pear sucker or thrips etc. all have greater activity;(3) decrease pesticide usage amount, reduce pesticide residual quantity on crop, alleviate environmental pollution;(4) to person poultry safety, Environmental compatibility is good;And preparation adhesion strength strengthens, resistance of rainwater washing against.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment to further instruction of the present invention, the percentage ratio in embodiment is all weight percentage, but the invention is not limited in this.
Application Example one
Embodiment 1~12 wettable powder
By ear moldin, active component B, dispersant, wetting agent, filler mix homogeneously in mixed cylinder, remix uniformly after jet mill is pulverized, can be prepared by wettable powder product of the present invention, be specifically shown in table 1.
Table 1 embodiment 1~12 each component and weight portion
Embodiment 13~24 water dispersible granules
Ear moldin, active component B, dispersant, wetting agent, disintegrating agent, filler etc. are obtained through comminution by gas stream together the particle diameter needed, adds other auxiliary agents such as binding agent (can add and can be not added with), obtain granulation materials.Item is quantitatively sent in fluidized bed granulating dryer through granulating and dried, can be prepared by water dispersible granules product of the present invention, be specifically shown in table 2.
Table 2 embodiment 13~24 each component and weight portion
Embodiment 25~36 suspending agent
By dispersant, wetting agent, defoamer, thickening agent (can add and can be not added with), antifreeze (can add and can be not added with), through high speed shear mix homogeneously, add pleasant moldin, active component B, ball milling 2~3 hours in ball mill, make diameter of particle all below 5 μm, surplus deionized water is supplied, and can be prepared by suspending agent product of the present invention, is specifically shown in table 3.
Table 3 embodiment 25~36 each component and weight portion
Embodiment 37~42 suspension emulsion
By dispersant, defoamer, thickening agent (can add and can be not added with), antifreeze (can add and can be not added with) through high speed shear mix homogeneously, add pleasant moldin, ball milling 2~3 hours in ball mill, make diameter of particle all below 5 μm, prepare ear moldin suspending agent, then by active component B, solvent, emulsifying agent and the various direct emulsifying of auxiliary agent high speed agitator to suspending agent, surplus deionized water is supplied, prepare suspension emulsion product of the present invention, be specifically shown in table 4.
Table 4 embodiment 37~42 each component and weight portion
Embodiment 43~54 aqueous emulsion
Ear moldin, active component B, solvent, emulsifying agent are added together, make to be dissolved into homogeneous oil phase;Deionized water, antifreeze (can add and can be not added with), thickening agent, defoamer are mixed, becomes homogeneous aqueous phase.Under high velocity agitation, aqueous phase adding oil phase, surplus deionized water is supplied;Can be prepared by aqueous emulsion product of the present invention, be specifically shown in table 5.
Table 5 embodiment 43~54 each component and weight portion
Avilamycin, multiple killing teichomycin, ethyl pleocidin, emamectin benzoate in table 1~5 are exchanged, novel formulation can be prepared.
Embodiment 55~57 microemulsion
Ear moldin, active component B are dissolved in equipped with in the homogenizer of solvent, emulsifying agent, antifreeze (can add and can be not added with), defoamer are joined in the homogenizer equipped with above-mentioned solution, surplus deionized water strongly mixes after supplying and homogenizes, finally obtain the microemulsion product of the present invention that clear appearance is transparent, be specifically shown in table 6.
Table 6 example 55~57 each component and content
Embodiment 58,59 microcapsule suspending agent
By ear moldin, active component B, macromolecule cyst material, solvent mixing, make to be dissolved into homogeneous oil phase, in a shear condition, oil phase is joined containing emulsifying agent, pH adjusting agent, dispersant, defoamer aqueous phase solution in, surplus deionized water is supplied, bi-material reacts at oil-water interfaces, forms macromolecule cyst wall, makes the finely disseminated microcapsule suspending agent product of the present composition.It is specifically shown in table 7.
Table 7 embodiment 58,59 each component and weight portion
Embodiment 60,61 microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent
By ear moldin, macromolecule cyst material, solvent mixing, make to be dissolved into homogeneous oil phase, oil phase is joined in a shear condition containing emulsifying agent, pH adjusting agent aqueous phase solution in, make finely disseminated microcapsule suspending agent.By dispersant, wetting agent, defoamer, thickening agent (can add and can be not added with) through high speed shear mix homogeneously, add active component B, ball milling 2~3 hours in ball mill, make diameter of particle all below 5 μm, preparing suspending agent, then joined by suspending agent in the aqueous phase solution of micro-capsule suspension, deionized water supplies surplus, make the finely disseminated microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent product of the present composition, be specifically shown in table 8.
Table 8 embodiment 60,61 each component and weight portion
The embodiment of the present invention is the method adopting Toxicity Determination and field test to combine.First pass through Toxicity Determination, co-toxicity coefficient (CTC) after clear and definite two kinds of medicaments are composite by a certain percentage, CTC < 80 is antagonism, 80≤CTC≤120 are summation action, CTC > 120 is potentiation, on this basis, then carry out field test.
Test method: respectively the mother solution of each mixed agent is diluted to during test five series concentration, is respectively placed in beaker standby.Adopt the method that first leaching leaf is followed by worm, take out after blade of the same size not in contact with any medicament is soaked 5s in the medicinal liquid configured, naturally dry, put in insect box, then connect for examination larva, raise under 25 DEG C of conditions, often process 3 times and repeat, often repeating examination borer population used is 50, sets blank simultaneously, checks dead borer population in 72h, calculate mortality rate and corrected mortality, try to achieve virulence regression equation and calculate LC50Value.If comparison mortality rate is more than 10%, then it is considered as invalid test.Computing formula is as follows:
Insect corrected mortality is converted into probit value (y), concentration for the treatment of (μ g/ml) converts logarithm value (x) to, draw virulence regression equation with method of least square, and thus calculate the value of every kind of medicament, calculate co-toxicity coefficient CTC according to the abundant equation of Sun Yun.Computing formula following (with ear moldin for standard agent, its toxicity index is 100):
TI × the P of theoretical toxicity index (the TTI)=ear moldin of MEar moldin+TI × the P of effective active composition BEffective active composition B
In formula: M is the mixture of different ratio
PEffective active composition BFor the ratio that effective active composition B is shared in the composition
PEar moldinFor the ratio that ear moldin is shared in the composition
B one in avilamycin, multiple killing teichomycin, emamectin benzoate, ethyl spinosad.
Application Example two:
For examination insect: apple tree aphid
Test medicine provides by Shanxi Thompson Biological Technology Co., Ltd..
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: determine effective lethasl concentration scope of ear moldin and the former medicine of avilamycin and the two different ratio mixture through pilot study.
Toxicity test result
Table 9 ear moldin and the abamectin compounded toxicity test analysis of results table to apple tree aphid
As shown in Table 9, ear moldin and avilamycin to apple tree aphid proportioning when 1 600~60 1, co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 120, illustrate that both all show potentiation at mixture in 1 600~60 1 scopes, when the proportioning of ear moldin and avilamycin is when 1 10~20 1, potentiation becomes apparent from highlighting, and co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 220.Wherein when ear moldin and avilamycin weight ratio are 2:1, co-toxicity coefficient is maximum, and potentiation is the most obvious.Testing discovery ear moldin through applicant is 20:1 with avilamycin proportioning, 10:1, 9:1, 8:1, 7:1, 6:1, 5:1, 4:1, 3:1, 2:1, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, 1:6, 1:7, 1:8, 1:9, to the aphid in various crop during 1:10, planthopper, aleyrodid, rice leaf roller, striped rice borer, yellow rice borer, Pieris rapae, diamondback moth, leaf miner, leaf roller, bollworm, heart-eating worm, cotton boll as, beet armyworm, Prodenia litura, apple leaf miner, leafhopper, blister mite, the preventing and treating of pear sucker or thrips has obvious potentiation, co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 120.
Application Example three:
For examination insect: cotton boll worm
Test medicine provides by Shanxi Thompson Biological Technology Co., Ltd..
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: determine effective lethasl concentration scope of ear moldin and the former medicine of multiple killing teichomycin and the two different ratio mixture through pilot study.
Toxicity test result
Table 10 ear moldin and the composite toxicity test analysis of results table to cotton boll worm of multiple killing teichomycin
Reagent agent Proportioning LC50(ug/mL) Co-toxicity coefficient (CTC)
Ear moldin 1.03
Multiple killing teichomycin 0.98
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 60:1 0.55 187.12
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 40:1 0.51 201.71
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 20:1 0.47 218.62
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 10:1 0.45 227.83
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 4:1 0.43 237.12
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 2:1 0.41 247.02
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:1 0.38 264.31 13 -->
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:2 0.40 249.03
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:4 0.42 235.62
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:10 0.43 228.92
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:20 0.45 218.28
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:40 0.47 208.76
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:60 0.49 200.16
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:80 0.50 196.12
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:100 0.52 188.55
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:200 0.54 181.53
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:400 0.56 175.02
Ear moldin multiple killing teichomycin 1:600 0.58 168.98
As shown in Table 10, ear moldin and multiple killing teichomycin to cotton boll worm proportioning when 1 600~60 1, co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 120, illustrate that both all show potentiation at mixture in 1 600~60 1 scopes, when the proportioning of ear moldin and multiple killing teichomycin is when 1 20~20 1, potentiation becomes apparent from highlighting, and co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 215.Wherein when ear moldin and multiple killing teichomycin weight ratio are 1:1, co-toxicity coefficient is maximum, and potentiation is the most obvious.Testing discovery ear moldin through applicant is 20:1 with multiple killing teichomycin proportioning, 10:1, 8:1, 7:1, 6:1, 5:1, 4:1, 3:1, 2:1, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, 1:6, 1:7, 1:8, 1:10, 1:12, 1:15, to the aphid in various crop during 1:20, planthopper, aleyrodid, rice leaf roller, striped rice borer, yellow rice borer, Pieris rapae, diamondback moth, leaf miner, leaf roller, bollworm, heart-eating worm, cotton boll as, beet armyworm, Prodenia litura, apple leaf miner, leafhopper, blister mite, the preventing and treating of pear sucker or thrips has obvious potentiation, co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 120.
Application Example four
For examination insect: Laphygma exigua Hubner
Test medicine provides by Shanxi Thompson Biological Technology Co., Ltd..
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: determine effective lethasl concentration scope of ear moldin and the former medicine of ethyl pleocidin and the two different ratio mixture through pilot study.
Table 11 ear moldin and the composite toxicity test analysis of results table to Laphygma exigua Hubner of ethyl pleocidin
As shown in Table 11, ear moldin and ethyl pleocidin to Laphygma exigua Hubner proportioning when 1 600~60 1, co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 120, illustrate that both all show potentiation at mixture in 1 600~60 1 scopes, when the proportioning of ear moldin and ethyl pleocidin is when 1 20~20 1, potentiation becomes apparent from highlighting, and co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 215.Wherein when ear moldin and ethyl pleocidin weight ratio are 1:1, co-toxicity coefficient is maximum, and potentiation is the most obvious.Testing discovery ear moldin through applicant is 20:1 with ethyl pleocidin proportioning, 10:1, 8:1, 7:1, 6:1, 5:1, 4:1, 3:1, 2:1, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, 1:6, 1:7, 1:8, 1:10, 1:12, 1:15, to the aphid in various crop during 1:20, planthopper, aleyrodid, rice leaf roller, striped rice borer, yellow rice borer, Pieris rapae, diamondback moth, leaf miner, leaf roller, bollworm, heart-eating worm, cotton boll as, beet armyworm, Prodenia litura, apple leaf miner, leafhopper, blister mite, the preventing and treating of pear sucker or thrips has obvious potentiation, co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 120.
Application Example five
For examination insect: brassicaceous vegetable diamondback moth
Test medicine provides by Shanxi Thompson Biological Technology Co., Ltd..
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: determine effective lethasl concentration scope of ear moldin and the former medicine of emamectin benzoate and the two different ratio mixture through pilot study.
Table 12 ear moldin and the composite toxicity test analysis of results table to brassicaceous vegetable diamondback moth of emamectin benzoate
As shown in Table 12, ear moldin and emamectin benzoate to brassicaceous vegetable diamondback moth proportioning when 1 600~60 1, co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 120, illustrate that both all show potentiation at mixture in 1 600~60 1 scopes, when the proportioning of ear moldin and emamectin benzoate is when 1 10~20 1, potentiation becomes apparent from highlighting, and co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 205.Wherein when ear moldin and emamectin benzoate weight ratio are 4:1, co-toxicity coefficient is maximum, and potentiation is the most obvious.When applicant tests and finds ear moldin and emamectin benzoate proportioning 20:1,15:1,10:1,9:1,8:1,7:1,6:1,5:1,4:1,3:1,2:1,1:1,1:2,1:5,1:10, as the preventing and treating of, beet armyworm, Prodenia litura, apple leaf miner, leafhopper, blister mite, pear sucker or thrips, the aphid in various crop, planthopper, aleyrodid, rice leaf roller, striped rice borer, yellow rice borer, Pieris rapae, diamondback moth, leaf miner, leaf roller, bollworm, heart-eating worm, cotton boll being had obvious potentiation, co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 120.
Test of pesticide effectiveness part: test medicine is researched and developed by Shanxi Thompson Biological Technology Co., Ltd., provided, comparison medicament 2,000,000/mL ear moldin suspending agent (autogamy), 1.8% abamectin emulsifiable concentrate (commercial), 25 g/l of multiple killing teichomycin suspending agents (commercial), 60 g/l of ethyl spinosad suspending agents (commercial), 2% emamectin benzoate missible oil (commercial).
Application Example six ear moldin and active component B and composite prevent and treat the rice hoppers test of pesticide effectiveness
This test arrangement, in Hanzhong City suburb, Shaanxi Province, investigates rice hoppers insect pest index before medicine, in insect pest early period of origination dispenser, within after dispenser 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, investigate insect pest indexes and calculate preventive effect.Result of the test is as follows:
Table 13 ear moldin and active component B and composite prevent and treat the rice hoppers test of pesticide effectiveness
As can be seen from Table 13, rice hoppers can be effectively prevented and treated after ear moldin is composite with active component B, test discovery ear moldin and active component B through applicant and composite also can effectively prevent and treat Oryza sativa L. rice leaf roller, striped rice borer, yellow rice borer, prevention effect is superior to be higher than 95%, the preventive effect of single dose, and the preventive effect phase is long.In test scope of medication, target crop is had no adverse effects.
Application Example seven ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating Fructus Cucumidis sativi aleyrodid test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This test arrangement, at Xian District, Shanxi Province suburban area, investigates cucumber powder mite evil index before medicine, in insect pest early period of origination dispenser, within after dispenser 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, investigate insect pest indexes and calculate preventive effect.Result of the test is as follows:
Table 14 ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating Fructus Cucumidis sativi aleyrodid test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 14, after ear moldin and active component B are composite, can effectively prevent and treat Fructus Cucumidis sativi aleyrodid, test discovery ear moldin and active component B through applicant and composite also can effectively prevent and treat Cucumber blight.Prevention effect is above 95%, is better than the preventive effect of single dose, and the preventive effect phase is long.In test scope of medication, target crop is had no adverse effects.
Application Example eight ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating cotton boll worm test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This test arrangement, in Weinan City Dali County, Shaanxi Province, investigates cotton boll pests index before medicine, in insect pest early period of origination dispenser, within after dispenser 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, investigate insect pest indexes and calculate preventive effect.Result of the test is as follows:
Table 15 ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating cotton boll worm test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 15, ear moldin and active component B and composite preventing and treating cotton boll worm thereof, through applicant test discovery ear moldin and active component B and composite also can effectively prevent and treat cotton boll as.Prevention effect is above 96%, is better than the preventive effect of single dose, and the preventive effect phase is long.In test scope of medication, target crop is had no adverse effects.
Application Example nine ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae diamondback moth test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This test arrangement, at Xian District, Shanxi Province suburban area, investigates Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae diamondback moth insect pest index before medicine, in insect pest early period of origination dispenser, within after dispenser 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, investigate insect pest indexes and calculate preventive effect.Result of the test is as follows:
Table 16 ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae diamondback moth test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 16, Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae diamondback moth can be effectively prevented and treated after ear moldin is composite with active component B, test through applicant and find that ear moldin and active component B also can effectively prevent and treat cabbage pieris, beet armyworm, Prodenia litura after composite, prevention effect is above 96%, it is better than the preventive effect of single dose, and the preventive effect phase is long.In test scope of medication, target crop is had no adverse effects.
Application Example ten ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating orange caterpillar test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This test arrangement, in Hanzhong City suburb, Shaanxi Province, investigates orange caterpillar insect pest index before medicine, in insect pest early period of origination dispenser, within after dispenser 3 days, 7 days, 15 days, investigate insect pest indexes and calculate preventive effect.Result of the test is as follows:
Table 17 ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating orange caterpillar test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 17, after ear moldin is composite with active component B, can effectively prevent and treat orange caterpillar, test finding that ear moldin and active component B also can effectively prevent and treat Homona coffearia, blister mite, leaf miner after composite through applicant.Prevention effect is above 96%, is better than the preventive effect of single dose, and the preventive effect phase is long.In test scope of medication, target crop is had no adverse effects.
Application Example 11 ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating pear tree pear sucker test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This test arrangement, at Xianyang, Shanxi province suburban area, investigates pear tree pear sucker insect pest index before medicine, in insect pest early period of origination dispenser, within after dispenser 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, investigate insect pest indexes and calculate preventive effect.Result of the test is as follows:
Table 18 ear moldin and active component B and the composite preventing and treating pear tree pear sucker test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 18, after ear moldin is composite with active component B, can effectively prevent and treat pear tree pear sucker, test finding that ear moldin and active component B also can effectively prevent and treat pear tree heart-eating worm, apple leaf miner, leafhopper after composite through applicant.Prevention effect is above 96%, is better than the preventive effect of single dose, and the preventive effect phase is long.In test scope of medication, target crop is had no adverse effects.
After draw through tests different local throughout the country, after ear moldin and avilamycin, multiple killing teichomycin, ethyl spinosad, emamectin benzoate are composite to the aphid in various crop, planthopper, aleyrodid, rice leaf roller, striped rice borer, yellow rice borer, Pieris rapae, diamondback moth, leaf miner, leaf roller, bollworm, heart-eating worm, cotton boll as the preventive effect of the common insect pests such as, beet armyworm, Prodenia litura, apple leaf miner, leafhopper, blister mite, pear sucker or thrips all more than 95%, being better than single dose preventive effect, potentiation is obvious.

Claims (6)

1. the Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin Yu biogenic substances, effective active composition is active components A and active component B, it is characterized in that: active components A and active component B percentage by weight are 0.001%~30%:0.1%~60%, described active components A is selected from ear moldin, active component B one in avilamycin, emamectin-benzoate.
2. the Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin Yu biogenic substances according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the percentage by weight of active components A and active component B is 0.01%~25%:1%~40%.
3. the Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin Yu biogenic substances according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
The percentage by weight of ear moldin and avilamycin is 0.1%~20%:1%~30%;
The percentage by weight of ear moldin and emamectin-benzoate is 0.1%~20%:1%~25%.
4. the Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin Yu biogenic substances according to any one of claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: compositions makes wettable powder, water dispersible granules, suspending agent, suspension emulsion, aqueous emulsion, microemulsion, microcapsule suspending agent or microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent.
5. the Pesticidal combination containing ear moldin and biogenic substances according to claim 4 is for preventing and treating the purposes of insect on crops.
6. purposes according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described insect includes aphid, planthopper, aleyrodid, rice leaf roller, striped rice borer, yellow rice borer, Pieris rapae, diamondback moth, leaf miner, leaf roller, bollworm, heart-eating worm, cotton boll as, beet armyworm, Prodenia litura, apple leaf miner, leafhopper, blister mite, pear sucker or thrips.
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CN106818792A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-13 新昌县赛因斯生物科技有限公司 A kind of Pesticidal combination of and macrolides compound compounding

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