CN105794431A - A purple sweet potato planting method - Google Patents

A purple sweet potato planting method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105794431A
CN105794431A CN201410825737.7A CN201410825737A CN105794431A CN 105794431 A CN105794431 A CN 105794431A CN 201410825737 A CN201410825737 A CN 201410825737A CN 105794431 A CN105794431 A CN 105794431A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
potato
soil
ridge
planting
covering
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410825737.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐晓浪
Original Assignee
唐晓浪
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 唐晓浪 filed Critical 唐晓浪
Priority to CN201410825737.7A priority Critical patent/CN105794431A/en
Publication of CN105794431A publication Critical patent/CN105794431A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention provides a purple sweet potato planting method and relates to the technical field of vegetable planting. The method comprises the steps of selecting good seeds; paving the bottom of each seedbed with an organic fertilizer layer, pouring people and livestock excrement and urine and placing soil for covering; using an inclined row method, arranging the potato seeds well, then covering the seeds with soil and covering the soil with a thin straw layer; watering the whole seedbeds thoroughly with clean manure liquid; closing a greenhouse for increasing the temperature and keeping humidity; accelerating germination of the potato seeds; performing early transplanting at proper time; performing reasonable close planting and reinforcing field management. The method comprises the steps of paving the bottom of each seedbed with an organic fertilizer layer, pouring people and livestock excrement and urine, placing soil for covering, using an inclined row method, arranging the potato seeds well, covering the seeds with soil, covering the soil with a thin straw layer, watering the whole seedbeds thoroughly with clean manure liquid and closing a greenhouse for increasing the temperature and keeping humidity; the germination rate is increased by 10%; a 3% phoxim particulate agent is applied at ridge-ditches per mu to control soil pests. The planting method is scientific and reasonable, can increase the germination rate of potato seeds and reduce the plant disease and pest damage to purple sweet potatoes, and increases the yield per mu of purple sweet potatoes by 20%.

Description

Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to growing vegetables technical field, particularly to a kind of Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae implantation methods.
Background technology
Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae, cry again black potato, potato meat be purple to darkviolet, its rich in proteins, starch, pectin, cellulose, amino acid, vitamine and several mineral materials, simultaneously also rich in selenium element and anthocyanidin.The special health care of the nutritious tool of Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae, gal4 amino acid therein is all very easily by human consumption and absorption.Wherein rich in vitamin A can improve the mucomembranous epithelial cell of vision and skin, vitamin C can make collagen protein normally synthesize, and prevents and treats scorbutic generation, and anthocyanidin is natural potent free radical scavenger.Anthocyanidin be current scientific circles find disease preventing and treating, safeguard human health free radical scavenger the most direct, most effective, safest, the ability of its scavenging free radicals is ascorbic 20 times, 50 times of vitamin E.Anthocyanidin has small molecule structure, is the material that uniquely can pass through blood brain barrier scavenging free radicals protection brain cell, can reduce antibiotic to some harm of human body simultaneously, and purple sweet potato is by one of primary raw material becoming anthocyanidin.
Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae content of cellulose is high, and this kind of material can increase faecal volume, promotes enterogastric peristalsis, mucus, pneumatosis and the putrefaction being detained in cleaning enteric cavity, discharges the noxious substance in feces and carcinogen, keeps stool unimpeded, improve digestive tract environment, it is prevented that the generation of gastroenteropathy.In Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae, zinc, ferrum, copper, manganese, calcium, selenium are natural, and ferrum, calcium content are extra-high.And selenium and ferrum are human body resisting fatigue, defying age, the essential elements enriched blood, there is good health care, selenium is again " anticancer king ", easily it is absorbed by the body, effectively stays in serum, repair cardiac muscle, enhancing human body immunity power, produce the free radical of cancer in purged body, it is suppressed that the synthesis of DNA and the division of cancerous cell and growth, the generation of the prevention disease such as gastric cancer, hepatocarcinoma in cancerous cell.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is in that to provide a kind of Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae implantation methods, improves yield and the quality of Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae.
The present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem by techniques below means:
The Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae implantation methods of the present invention, specifically includes following steps:
(1) select base, select fertile soil, the soil is porous, the sandy loam of good permeability is as Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae planting base;
(2) breeding is selected, selected potato seed, select " Hubei Province potato 8 " or " mountains and rivers are purple ", select the potato seed without pest and disease damage, potato block size is 100-250 gram;
(3) epiphragma early childbirth, nurturing staff, at mid or late March, 1 meter wide is done in booth, the seedbed of 20-30 centimetre high, digs the degree of depth on seedbed and is 5-25 centimetre, spreads one layer of fertilizer and bold and vigorous water earthing after people and animals' fecaluria at the bottom of seedbed, adopt and tiltedly arrange mode, seeding density is with 2-3 centimetre, potato block gap, and potato seed sequences rear earthing, covers thin Caulis et Folium Oryzae subsequently, irrigating whole seedbed with clear liquid dung, then button canopy heats moisturizing;
(4) make the ridge wholely, using sufficient base fertilizer, plough deeply and make the ridge, the ridge is wide 40 50 centimetres, the ridge is high 25 30 centimetres, the ridge, from 66-86 centimetre, in conjunction with whole, uses sufficient base manure, every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields, before ploughing, chicken manure 150-200 kilogram become thoroughly decomposed, make ditch sealing fertilizer 20-25 kilogram and potassium sulfate l5 kilogram during the ridge, and spread fertilizer over the fields 3% phoxim granule 2 2.5 kilograms along every mu of ditch, in case subterranean pest-insect;
(5) early inserting, rational close planting, mid-May plants in good time, adopts single file to plant, and spacing in the rows 28 35 centimetres, Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae every mu Planting Densities is 3,000 4000 strains;
(6) strengthen management, control Seedling in good time, topdress: plant latter about 10 days and combine first time weeding and impose and carry seed manure, within 40 50 days, combine intertillage, impose knot potato fertile, every mu of potassium sulfate 15 kilograms of spreading manuer in holes, and earth up;Control Seedling: pinch, to destroy main climing terminal bud in time, promote hair growth promoting lateral bine during climing the 30-50 of growing to centimetre of potato, carry rattan, in the 7-8 month, rattan can be carried 1-2 time in conjunction with weeding, prevent from tying indefinite potato, change control, when climing length 0.6 meter, spray paclobutrazol in the afternoon, every mu of use 15% paclobutrazol 70 grams is watered 60 kilograms and sprays, every spray in 10 days once, continuous 23 times, the 8-9 month sprays Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae enlarging agent 2-3 time;Anti-disease pest: carry out the preventing and controlling of cutworm, Prodenia litura, palaearctic sweet potato, melasma and soft rot;
(7) gather in the crops, it is ensured that quality in good time, start results in mid or late October.
Further, the fertilizer in described step (3) is farmyard manure or cattle pen excrement grass.
Further, described step (5) adopts single file to plant, and spacing in the rows 35 centimetres, Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae every mu Planting Densities is 3300 strains.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the implantation methods of the present invention is scientific and reasonable, selecting breeding, first spread one layer of fertilizer sprinkling bottom seedbed and water earthing after people and animals' fecaluria, mode is tiltedly arranged in employing, potato seed sequences rear earthing, covering thin Caulis et Folium Oryzae subsequently, irrigate whole seedbed with clear liquid dung, then button canopy heats moisturizing, promote that potato seed is germinateed fast, improve the germination percentage of 10%, spread fertilizer over the fields 3% phoxim granule in every mu of ridge ditch, prevent and treat subterranean pest-insect.This implantation methods is scientific and reasonable, can improve potato seed germination percentage, reduces Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae pest and disease damage, every mu of yield that improve Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae 20%.
Detailed description of the invention
The Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae implantation methods of the present invention, specifically includes following steps,
(1) base is selected
Select fertile soil, the soil is porous, the sandy loam of good permeability is as Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae planting base.
(2) breeding, selected potato seed are selected
Selecting Hubei Province " potato 8 " or " mountains and rivers are purple ", select the potato seed without pest and disease damage, potato block size is 100-250 gram.
(3) epiphragma early childbirth, nurturing staff
At mid or late March, doing 1 meter wide in booth, the seedbed of 20-30 centimetre high, the length in seedbed is determined according to the length of booth.Seedbed is dug deep 5-25 centimetre, spreads one layer of fertilizer, farmyard manure or cattle pen excrement grass at the bottom of bed and sprinkle and water earthing after people and animals' fecaluria, adopting and tiltedly arrange mode, it is noted that distinguish end to end during seeding, the never row of falling.Seeding density is with 2-3 centimetre, potato block gap, and potato seed sequences rear earthing, accomplishes upper flat lower injustice, and potato seed does not contact cattle manure grass, and earthing is to loseing potato seed.Covering thin Caulis et Folium Oryzae subsequently, irrigate whole seedbed with clear liquid dung, then button canopy heats moisturizing.During nursery, anti-burn seedlings of ventilating, topdress growth promotion.
(4) make the ridge wholely, use sufficient base fertilizer
Ploughing deeply and make the ridge, the ridge is wide 40 50 centimetres, and the ridge is high 25 30 centimetres, and the ridge is from 66-86 centimetre.In conjunction with whole, use sufficient base manure.Every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields, before ploughing, chicken manure 150-200 kilogram become thoroughly decomposed, and makes ditch sealing fertilizer 20-25 kilogram and potassium sulfate l5 kilogram during the ridge, and spreads fertilizer over the fields 3% phoxim granule 2 2.5 kilograms along every mu of ditch, in case subterranean pest-insect.
(5) early insert, rational close planting in good time
Mid-May plants, and adopts single file to plant, spacing in the rows 28 38 centimetres.The suitable Planting Densities of Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae every mu is 3,000 4000 strains, it is preferred to plant 3300 strains for every mu.Plant selection of time cloudy day soil dry wet time or the sun shines again after the rain soil moisture carry out time suitable.
(6) strengthen management, control Seedling in good time
1, topdress: plant latter about 10 days and combine first time weeding and impose and carry seed manure, rare people, animal urine water or marsh gas water first and second can be drenched.Within 40 50 days, combine intertillage, impose knot potato fertile, every mu of potassium sulfate 15 kilograms of spreading manuer in holes, and earth up.After entering potato block expanding stage after growing 60 days, can not topdress again.Potato rattan growing way weak or when meeting arid the foliage fertilizer such as every mu of available 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate carry out foliage top dressing, every spray in 7 10 days once, it is prevented that senilism.2, control Seedling: pinch: to destroy main climing terminal bud during climing the 30-50 of growing to centimetre of potato in time, promote hair growth promoting lateral bine, make to send under nutrient knot potato, weed out the rank grass simultaneously.Carry rattan: in the 7-8 month, rattan can be carried 1-2 time in conjunction with weeding, it is prevented that tie indefinite potato, it is ensured that yield.Only need to carry rattan, not turn over rattan, to stop after mid-August carrying rattan.Changing control: when climing length 0.6 meter, spray paclobutrazol in the afternoon, every mu of use 15% paclobutrazol 70 grams is watered 60 kilograms and sprays, every spray in 10 days once.Continuous 23 times, it is suppressed that shoot growth on the ground, promote that underground part tuber expands.Spray Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae enlarging agent 2-3 time in the 8-9 month, promote that tuber quickly expands.3, anti-disease pest: carry out the preventing and controlling of the pest and disease damages such as cutworm, Prodenia litura, palaearctic sweet potato, melasma, soft rot.Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae growth during, it has been found that during insect, can in the afternoon 4 time after spray 2000 times of 4.5 efficient chlorine hydrogen chrysanthemum fat, add 5 Frontline 2000 times or 2500 times of mixed liquors of 1.8% avilamycin.Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae disease is mainly in summer high temperature rainy season, at the initial stage of a disease with the big raw chemical control such as M-45 or carbendazim.When prevention and elimination of disease and pests, early prevention and treatment, the high poison of disabling, persistent pesticide, improve Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae quality.
(7) gather in the crops, it is ensured that quality in good time
In mid or late October, when daily mean temperature is down to 15 DEG C, stem and leaf growth and potato block expand stoppings, can starting results, the most late frost drops and before gather in the crops.Select fine day to gather in the crops Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae without the weather of rain, first prescind tendril, excavate subsequently, gently dig, with light packs, gently unload, it is prevented that potato skin and potato block are damaged mouth, it is prevented that courses of infection.
What finally illustrate is, above example is only in order to illustrate technical scheme and unrestricted, although the present invention being described in detail with reference to preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those within the art that, technical scheme can be modified or equivalent replacement, without deviating from objective and the scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (3)

1. Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae implantation methods, it is characterised in that: specifically include following steps:
(1) select base, select fertile soil, the soil is porous, the sandy loam of good permeability is as Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae planting base;
(2) breeding is selected, selected potato seed, select " Hubei Province potato 8 " or " mountains and rivers are purple ", select the potato seed without pest and disease damage, potato block size is 100-250 gram;
(3) epiphragma early childbirth, nurturing staff, at mid or late March, 1 meter wide is done in booth, the seedbed of 20-30 centimetre high, digs the degree of depth on seedbed and is 5-25 centimetre, spreads one layer of fertilizer and bold and vigorous water earthing after people and animals' fecaluria at the bottom of seedbed, adopt and tiltedly arrange mode, seeding density is with 2-3 centimetre, potato block gap, and potato seed sequences rear earthing, covers thin Caulis et Folium Oryzae subsequently, irrigating whole seedbed with clear liquid dung, then button canopy heats moisturizing;
(4) make the ridge wholely, using sufficient base fertilizer, plough deeply and make the ridge, the ridge is wide 40 50 centimetres, the ridge is high 25 30 centimetres, the ridge, from 66-86 centimetre, in conjunction with whole, uses sufficient base manure, every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields, before ploughing, chicken manure 150-200 kilogram become thoroughly decomposed, make ditch sealing fertilizer 20-25 kilogram and potassium sulfate l5 kilogram during the ridge, and spread fertilizer over the fields 3% phoxim granule 2 2.5 kilograms along every mu of ditch, in case subterranean pest-insect;
(5) early inserting, rational close planting, mid-May plants in good time, adopts single file to plant, and spacing in the rows 28 38 centimetres, Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae every mu Planting Densities is 3,000 4000 strains;
(6) strengthen management, control Seedling in good time, topdress: plant latter about 10 days and combine first time weeding and impose and carry seed manure, within 40 50 days, combine intertillage, impose knot potato fertile, every mu of potassium sulfate 15 kilograms of spreading manuer in holes, and earth up;Control Seedling: pinch, to destroy main climing terminal bud in time, promote hair growth promoting lateral bine during climing the 30-50 of growing to centimetre of potato, carry rattan, in the 7-8 month, rattan can be carried 1~2 time in conjunction with weeding, prevent from tying indefinite potato, change control, when climing length 0.6 meter, spray paclobutrazol in the afternoon, every mu of use 15% paclobutrazol 70 grams is watered 60 kilograms and sprays, every spray in 10 days once, continuous 23 times, the 8-9 month sprays Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae enlarging agent 2-3 time;Anti-disease pest: carry out the preventing and controlling of cutworm, Prodenia litura, palaearctic sweet potato, melasma and soft rot;
(7) gather in the crops, it is ensured that quality in good time, start results in mid or late October.
2. Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae implantation methods as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the fertilizer in described step (3) is farmyard manure or cattle pen excrement grass.
3. Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae implantation methods as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described step (5) adopts single file to plant, and spacing in the rows 35 centimetres, Rhizoma Steudnerae Henryanae every mu Planting Densities is 3300 strains.
CN201410825737.7A 2014-12-28 2014-12-28 A purple sweet potato planting method CN105794431A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410825737.7A CN105794431A (en) 2014-12-28 2014-12-28 A purple sweet potato planting method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410825737.7A CN105794431A (en) 2014-12-28 2014-12-28 A purple sweet potato planting method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105794431A true CN105794431A (en) 2016-07-27

Family

ID=56981520

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410825737.7A CN105794431A (en) 2014-12-28 2014-12-28 A purple sweet potato planting method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105794431A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106508341A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-22 郧县红薯研究所 Method for increasing sweet potato yield
CN107493950A (en) * 2017-10-12 2017-12-22 桐梓县小水芦柑专业合作社 A kind of purple potato implantation methods
CN107667811A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-02-09 广西小草信息产业有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of purple potato
CN109463234A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-03-15 颍上县恒远种植专业合作社 A kind of purple sweet potato implantation methods

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106508341A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-22 郧县红薯研究所 Method for increasing sweet potato yield
CN107493950A (en) * 2017-10-12 2017-12-22 桐梓县小水芦柑专业合作社 A kind of purple potato implantation methods
CN107667811A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-02-09 广西小草信息产业有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of purple potato
CN109463234A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-03-15 颍上县恒远种植专业合作社 A kind of purple sweet potato implantation methods

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103828665B (en) The implantation methods of selenium-rich rice
CN103975715B (en) A kind of booth autumn field pumpkin cultivation method
CN102577835B (en) Method for planting ginseng on farmland
CN104584972B (en) Cultivation technique for vitamin C selenium-rich kiwi fruit
CN103283549B (en) Cultivation method of pollution-free high-quality selenium-zinc rice
CN100384317C (en) Method for planting southerm yew
CN102138427B (en) Standard planting method of non-forest ginseng
CN101889518B (en) Planting method of Chinese trichosanthes
CN100418400C (en) Standard planting method of medicinal lycoris radiata
CN102077748B (en) Technique and method for off-season cultivating of organic bamboo shoots
KR101322266B1 (en) Technology development of eco-culture by using paddy field in misgurnus anguillicaudatus
CN103609274B (en) The high-yield cultivating method of selenium-rich purple sweet potato
CN105474938B (en) The restorative procedure of the western Funiu Shan Mountain Hills And Low Mountains degraded ecosystem in Henan
CN103918449B (en) A kind of stereo cultivating method of Cortex Phellodendri Rhizoma Paridis interplanting
CN105594425B (en) A kind of Xin Meixiazhen corns green high-efficient cultural method
CN101361446B (en) Rhodiola seed seedling-raising method and cultivation method
CN100581345C (en) Asparagus cultivating process with whole course covering, twice stem keeping and third picking
CN107455224A (en) A kind of implantation methods of oil tea
CN102293106B (en) Method for cultivating hardy eucalyptus forests suitable for climates at north latitude of 26-30 degrees
CN105519347A (en) Organic cultivation method based on rotation of autumn melons, vegetable broad beans, rice and water chestnuts
CN103975712A (en) Autumn delayed cultivation method for greenhouse tomatoes
CN104620842A (en) Ginger planting method
CN105309159A (en) Ginger planting method
CN103385106B (en) Water-land two-section type flue-cured tobacco strong seedling culturing technique
CN104904540B (en) A kind of stem of noble dendrobium association tea

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160727

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication