CN105782992B - A kind of rubbish is heat-treated impurity feeding control system - Google Patents

A kind of rubbish is heat-treated impurity feeding control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105782992B
CN105782992B CN201610162308.5A CN201610162308A CN105782992B CN 105782992 B CN105782992 B CN 105782992B CN 201610162308 A CN201610162308 A CN 201610162308A CN 105782992 B CN105782992 B CN 105782992B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace body
hole
impurity
impurities removal
lower furnace
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201610162308.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105782992A (en
Inventor
李启仁
曹文波
明永刚
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Anhui Weiming Biological Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Anhui Weiming Biological Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610162308.5A priority Critical patent/CN105782992B/en
Publication of CN105782992A publication Critical patent/CN105782992A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105782992B publication Critical patent/CN105782992B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/50Control or safety arrangements

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of rubbish heat treatment impurity feeding control system, including upper furnace body, lower furnace body, impurities removal mechanism, impurity recovering mechanism and controlling organization;Upper furnace body is arranged on above lower furnace body, is had in upper furnace body and is stored up miscellaneous chamber, and upper furnace body is provided with into material through hole and goes out on vent hole, upper furnace body to be provided with into bin gate and the first air blower;There is hot processing chamber, lower furnace body is provided with air through hole, enters fluid through-hole and go out fluid through-hole in lower furnace body;It is provided with lower furnace body furnace wall on liquid guiding cavity, lower furnace body and the second air blower is installed;Impurities removal mechanism includes impurities removal frame and two the first screw rods, and impurities removal frame is provided with impurities removal through hole and leads miscellaneous through hole;Impurity recovering mechanism includes impurity storage box and the second screw rod;Controlling organization includes control device and baroceptor.The present invention is easy to use, and fully, impurity discharge rate is easy to control for using energy source, and is evenly distributed after impurity discharge.

Description

A kind of rubbish is heat-treated impurity feeding control system
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of Environment Protection, and in particular to a kind of rubbish is heat-treated impurity feeding control system.
Background technology
Using landfill more than the method for current China's processing rubbish, because China's house refuse has calorific value low, aqueous many etc. Feature, handles rubbish by the way of landfill, and in addition to producing niff during landfill, the percolate of generation is The problem of garbage loading embeading technology, the generation severe contamination underground water of percolate endangers human survival.
And heat treatment mode processing rubbish relatively easily handles the heat-treated products of pollution environment, the mistake being heat-treated in rubbish , it is necessary to which the impurity after rubbish is heat-treated is discharged in journey, but if impurity discharge rate excessively can cause in-furnace temperature significantly Degree is lost, and causes energy waste, and impurity discharge can then cause impurity to accumulate very little, the effect of influence rubbish heat treatment, and row After going out in impurity in miscellaneous device is stored up skewness.
The content of the invention
The technical problem existed based on background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of rubbish heat treatment impurity blanking control system System.
A kind of rubbish heat treatment impurity feeding control system proposed by the present invention, including upper furnace body, lower furnace body, impurities removal machine Structure, impurity recovering mechanism and controlling organization;
Upper furnace body is arranged on above lower furnace body, is had in upper furnace body and is communicated with storing up entering for miscellaneous chamber on the miscellaneous chamber of storage, upper furnace body Material through hole and go out vent hole, upper furnace body correspondence pan feeding lead to the hole site is provided with into bin gate, the first air blower be installed on upper furnace body, First fan inlet is connected with going out vent hole;There is hot processing chamber, hot processing chamber is connected with storing up miscellaneous chamber, lower stove in lower furnace body The air through hole of hot processing chamber is communicated with body;It is provided with lower furnace body furnace wall on liquid guiding cavity, lower furnace body and is additionally provided with connection drain Entering for chamber and goes out to be provided with the second air blower on fluid through-hole, lower furnace body fluid through-hole, and the second air blower gas outlet connects with air through hole It is logical;
Impurities removal mechanism includes impurities removal frame and two the first screw rods, and impurities removal frame is arranged on lower furnace body, and passes through lower furnace body Bottom, impurities removal frame is provided with the impurities removal through hole horizontal through impurities removal frame, and impurities removal through hole is located at below lower furnace body, is also set on impurities removal frame There are connection impurities removal through hole and hot processing chamber to lead miscellaneous through hole, two the first screw rods may be rotatably mounted in impurities removal through hole, and Horizontally disposed, two the first spiral rod axis are overlapped;
Impurity recovering mechanism includes impurity storage box and the second screw rod, and impurity storage box is arranged on below impurities removal mechanism, the second spiral Bar may be rotatably mounted in impurity storage box, and be horizontally disposed with;
Controlling organization includes control device and baroceptor, and baroceptor is used for the pressure for detecting the miscellaneous intracavitary of storage, the One air blower, the second air blower and baroceptor are communicated to connect with control device;
Control device obtains the pressure for storing up miscellaneous intracavitary by baroceptor, and control device is according to the pressure control for storing up miscellaneous intracavitary The first air blower and the work of the second air blower are made, it is negative pressure to make the miscellaneous chamber of storage.
Preferably, go out vent hole to set around upper furnace body spiral, air through hole is set around lower furnace body spiral.
Preferably, controlling organization also includes gas sensor, and gas sensor is used to detect oxygen volume in hot processing chamber Fraction, gas sensor communication connection control device, control device is preset with volume fraction values;
Control device obtains oxygen purity in hot processing chamber by gas sensor, and according to oxygen in hot processing chamber Volume fraction controls the work of the second air blower, oxygen purity in hot processing chamber is more than preset vol fractional value.
Preferably, catheter is installed, catheter two ends connect the furnace wall of lower furnace body opposite sides respectively on lower furnace body, and Connected with liquid guiding cavity.
Preferably, impurity recovering mechanism also includes two drive devices, drive device include rotating bar, the miscellaneous plate of multiple shelves, First gear and second gear, rotating bar may be rotatably mounted on impurity storage box, and be horizontally disposed with, and the miscellaneous plate of shelves is installed in rotating bar On, and be uniformly distributed around rotating bar axis, first gear is connected with rotating bar, and second gear is connected with the second screw rod, and first Gear is engaged with second gear;
The rotating bar of two drive devices corresponds to the position at impurities removal through hole two ends respectively.
Preferably, the rubbish heat treatment impurity feeding control system also includes airway tube, airway tube upper end and upper furnace body Connection, and connected with storing up miscellaneous top of chamber, airway tube lower end is connected with lower furnace body and connects hot processing chamber.
The present invention can make full use of the heat produced in hot processing chamber by injecting water in liquid guiding cavity, and impurity is by leading Miscellaneous through hole falls into rotate by the first screw rod after impurities removal through hole and discharges impurity, and the first screw rod impurities removal speed is uniform, Impurities removal amount easy to control, and make impurity mutually collide generation during impurities removal to grind, it can be entered by the second screw rod in impurity storage box One step improves the degree of grinding of impurity, and is advantageously implemented impurity in impurity storage box and is uniformly distributed, control device and the first air blower, Waste gas is by entering the possibility that material through hole is discharged when second air blower and baroceptor cooperation can effectively reduce charging, and subtracts The requirement to pan feeding door sealing is lacked.The present invention is easy to use, and fully, impurity discharge rate is easy to control, and impurity for using energy source It is evenly distributed after discharge.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of rubbish heat treatment impurity feeding control system structural scheme of mechanism proposed by the present invention.
Embodiment
Shown in reference picture 1, a kind of rubbish heat treatment impurity feeding control system proposed by the present invention, including upper furnace body 1, under Body of heater 2, impurities removal mechanism, impurity recovering mechanism, controlling organization and airway tube 5.
Upper furnace body 1, which is arranged in the top of lower furnace body 2, upper furnace body 1, has the miscellaneous chamber 11 of storage, and it is miscellaneous to be communicated with storage on upper furnace body 1 The material through hole 12 that enters of chamber 11 enters the position of material through hole 12 and is provided with into bin gate 14, upper furnace body 1 with vent hole 13, the correspondence of upper furnace body 1 is gone out On the first air blower 15 is installed, the air inlet of the first air blower 15 is connected with going out vent hole 13;There is hot processing chamber in lower furnace body 2 21, hot processing chamber 21 is connected with storing up miscellaneous chamber 11, and the air through hole 22 of hot processing chamber 21 is communicated with lower furnace body 2;The stove of lower furnace body 2 It is provided with wall and entering fluid through-hole and going out on fluid through-hole, lower furnace body 2 to pacify for connection liquid guiding cavity 23 is additionally provided with liquid guiding cavity 23, lower furnace body 2 Equipped with the second air blower 24, the gas outlet of the second air blower 24 is connected with air through hole 22.
Impurities removal mechanism includes impurities removal frame 31 and two the first screw rods 32, and impurities removal frame 31 is arranged on lower furnace body 2, and is passed through The bottom of lower furnace body 2, impurities removal frame 31 is provided with the impurities removal through hole 311 horizontal through impurities removal frame 31, and impurities removal through hole 311 is located at lower furnace body 2 lower sections, connection impurities removal through hole 311 and hot processing chamber 21 are additionally provided with impurities removal frame 31 leads miscellaneous through hole 312, two the first screw rods 32 be may be rotatably mounted in impurities removal through hole 311, and be horizontally disposed with, and two axis of the first screw rod 32 are overlapped.
Impurity recovering mechanism includes impurity storage box 41, the second screw rod 42 and two drive devices, and impurity storage box 41 is arranged on row Below miscellaneous mechanism, the second screw rod 42 may be rotatably mounted in impurity storage box 41, and be horizontally disposed with, and drive device includes rotating bar 431st, the miscellaneous plate 432 of multiple shelves, first gear 433 and second gear 434, rotating bar 431 may be rotatably mounted on impurity storage box 41, and Horizontally disposed, the miscellaneous plate 432 of shelves is installed in rotating bar 431, and is uniformly distributed around the axis of rotating bar 431, first gear 433 with Rotating bar 431 is connected, and second gear 434 is connected with the second screw rod 42, and first gear 433 is engaged with second gear 434.Two The rotating bar 431 of drive device corresponds to the position at the two ends of impurities removal through hole 311 respectively.
Controlling organization includes control device, baroceptor and gas sensor, and baroceptor is used to detect the miscellaneous chamber of storage Pressure in 11, gas sensor is used to detect oxygen purity in hot processing chamber 21, the first air blower 15, the second air blower 24th, baroceptor and gas sensor are communicated to connect with control device, and control device is preset with volume fraction values;
Control device obtains the pressure stored up in miscellaneous chamber 11 by baroceptor, and control device is according to the pressure stored up in miscellaneous chamber 11 The first air blower 15 of strong control and the second air blower 24 work, and it is negative pressure to make the miscellaneous chamber 11 of storage.Control device passes through gas sensor Oxygen purity in hot processing chamber 21 is obtained, and the work of the second air blower 24 is controlled according to oxygen purity in hot processing chamber 21 Make, oxygen purity in hot processing chamber 21 is more than preset vol fractional value.
The upper end of airway tube 5 is connected with upper furnace body 1, and is connected with storing up the miscellaneous top of chamber 11, and the lower end of airway tube 5 connects with lower furnace body 2 Connect and connect hot processing chamber 21.
The present invention can make full use of the heat produced in hot processing chamber 21 by injecting water in liquid guiding cavity 23, and impurity leads to Cross to lead miscellaneous through hole 312 and fall into rotate by the first screw rod 32 after impurities removal through hole 311 and discharge impurity, the first screw rod 32 Impurities removal speed is uniform, impurities removal amount easy to control, and makes impurity mutually collide generation during impurities removal to grind, by the in impurity storage box 41 Two screw rods 42 can further improve the degree of grinding of impurity, and be advantageously implemented impurity in impurity storage box and be uniformly distributed, and control Waste gas is by entering when device and the first air blower 15, the second air blower 24 and baroceptor cooperation can effectively reduce charging The possibility that material through hole 12 is discharged, and reduce the requirement to entering the sealing of bin gate 14.Impurity is driven when falling by the miscellaneous plate 432 of shelves Rotating bar 431 is rotated, and rotating bar 431 drives first gear 433 to rotate, and first gear 433 drives second by second gear 434 Screw rod 42 is rotated, and the fuel gas produced under high temperature garbage is led back to Re Chu by the energy effectively fallen using impurity, airway tube 5 Chamber 21 is managed, air pollution is further reduced and saves energy.
In present embodiment, go out vent hole 13 and set around the spiral of upper furnace body 1, be conducive to upper furnace body 1 to be incubated and preheat, air inlet Through hole 22 is set around the spiral of lower furnace body 2, is conducive to air to be preheated.
In present embodiment, catheter 25 is installed, it is relative that the two ends of catheter 25 connect lower furnace body 2 respectively on lower furnace body 2 The furnace wall of both sides, and connected with liquid guiding cavity 23, be conducive to liquid in liquid guiding cavity 23 to fully absorb hot processing chamber by catheter 25 Heat in 21, carries out heat recovery.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technique according to the invention scheme and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of rubbish is heat-treated impurity feeding control system, it is characterised in that:Including upper furnace body(1), lower furnace body(2), impurities removal Mechanism, impurity recovering mechanism and controlling organization;
Upper furnace body(1)Installed in lower furnace body(2)Top, upper furnace body(1)It is interior that there is the miscellaneous chamber of storage(11), upper furnace body(1)Provided with company The logical miscellaneous chamber of storage(11)Enter material through hole(12)With go out vent hole(13), upper furnace body(1)Correspondence enters material through hole(12)Position is provided with Enter bin gate(14), upper furnace body(1)On the first air blower is installed(15), the first air blower(15)Air inlet is with going out vent hole(13) Connection;Lower furnace body(2)It is interior that there is hot processing chamber(21), hot processing chamber(21)With storing up miscellaneous chamber(11)Connection, lower furnace body(2)It is provided with Connect hot processing chamber(21)Air through hole(22);Lower furnace body(2)Liquid guiding cavity is provided with furnace wall(23), lower furnace body(2)On also set There is connection liquid guiding cavity(23)Enter fluid through-hole and to go out fluid through-hole, lower furnace body(2)On the second air blower is installed(24), the second air blast Machine(24)Gas outlet and air through hole(22)Connection;
Impurities removal mechanism includes impurities removal frame(31)With two the first screw rods(32), impurities removal frame(31)Installed in lower furnace body(2)On, and Through lower furnace body(2)Bottom, impurities removal frame(31)It is provided with horizontal through impurities removal frame(31)Impurities removal through hole(311), impurities removal through hole (311)Positioned at lower furnace body(2)Lower section, impurities removal frame(31)On be additionally provided with connection impurities removal through hole(311)And hot processing chamber(21)Lead Miscellaneous through hole(312), two the first screw rods(32)It may be rotatably mounted at impurities removal through hole(311)It is interior, and be horizontally disposed with, two One screw rod(32)Axis is overlapped;
Impurity recovering mechanism includes impurity storage box(41), the second screw rod(42)With two drive devices, impurity storage box(41)It is arranged on Below impurities removal mechanism, the second screw rod(42)It may be rotatably mounted at impurity storage box(41)It is interior, and be horizontally disposed with;Drive device includes turning Lever(431), multiple miscellaneous plates of shelves(432), first gear(433)And second gear(434), rotating bar(431)It is rotatably mounted In impurity storage box(41)On, and be horizontally disposed with, the miscellaneous plate of shelves(432)It is installed in rotating bar(431)On, and around rotating bar(431)Axle Line is uniformly distributed, first gear(433)With rotating bar(431)Connection, second gear(434)With the second screw rod(42)Connection, First gear(433)With second gear(434)Engagement;The rotating bar of two drive devices(431)Impurities removal through hole is corresponded to respectively (311)The position at two ends;
Controlling organization includes control device and baroceptor, and baroceptor is used to detect the miscellaneous chamber of storage(11)Interior pressure, the One air blower(15), the second air blower(24)Communicated to connect with baroceptor with control device;
Control device is obtained by baroceptor and stores up miscellaneous chamber(11)Interior pressure, control device is according to the miscellaneous chamber of storage(11)Interior pressure The first air blower of strong control(15)With the second air blower(24)Work, makes the miscellaneous chamber of storage(11)For negative pressure.
2. rubbish according to claim 1 is heat-treated impurity feeding control system, it is characterised in that:Go out vent hole(13)Around Upper furnace body(1)Spiral is set, air through hole(22)Around lower furnace body(2)Spiral is set.
3. rubbish according to claim 1 is heat-treated impurity feeding control system, it is characterised in that:Controlling organization also includes Gas sensor, gas sensor is used to detect hot processing chamber(21)Interior oxygen purity, gas sensor communication connection control Device processed, control device is preset with volume fraction values;
Control device obtains hot processing chamber by gas sensor(21)Interior oxygen purity, and according to hot processing chamber(21)It is interior Oxygen purity controls the second air blower(24)Work, makes hot processing chamber(21)Interior oxygen purity is more than preset vol point Numerical value.
4. rubbish according to claim 1 is heat-treated impurity feeding control system, it is characterised in that:Lower furnace body(2)Upper peace Equipped with catheter(25), catheter(25)Two ends connect lower furnace body respectively(2)The furnace wall of opposite sides, and and liquid guiding cavity(23)Even It is logical.
5. the rubbish heat treatment impurity feeding control system according to claim 1-4 any one, it is characterised in that:It is described Rubbish heat treatment impurity feeding control system also includes airway tube(5), airway tube(5)Upper end and upper furnace body(1)Connection, and with storage Miscellaneous chamber(11)Top is connected, airway tube(5)Lower end and lower furnace body(2)Connect and connect hot processing chamber(21).
CN201610162308.5A 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 A kind of rubbish is heat-treated impurity feeding control system Expired - Fee Related CN105782992B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610162308.5A CN105782992B (en) 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 A kind of rubbish is heat-treated impurity feeding control system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610162308.5A CN105782992B (en) 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 A kind of rubbish is heat-treated impurity feeding control system

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CN105782992B true CN105782992B (en) 2017-11-03

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Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2804646Y (en) * 2005-07-01 2006-08-09 宜昌市九天环保科技有限公司 Medical garbage incinerator
CN1769397A (en) * 2005-10-19 2006-05-10 天津大学 Device and method for suppressing refuse end gas injurant using pyrolysis and aerification technology
JP5544832B2 (en) * 2009-11-16 2014-07-09 株式会社Ihi Vertical mill
CN204345718U (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-05-20 谢光勇 A kind of new combustion stove
CN204786431U (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-18 王贵杭 Waste incinerator by screw rod propelling movement and broken rubbish
CN105202546B (en) * 2015-11-05 2017-11-14 杨西建 Solid organic castoff recycling unit

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Granted publication date: 20171103

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