CN105780444A - Environment-friendly type wool fabric scale-stripping treatment process - Google Patents

Environment-friendly type wool fabric scale-stripping treatment process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105780444A
CN105780444A CN201610208903.8A CN201610208903A CN105780444A CN 105780444 A CN105780444 A CN 105780444A CN 201610208903 A CN201610208903 A CN 201610208903A CN 105780444 A CN105780444 A CN 105780444A
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Prior art keywords
treatment
calcium carbonate
environment
wool fabric
friendly type
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Pending
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CN201610208903.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈国良
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Deqing County Xingxinda Silk Pint Co Ltd
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Deqing County Xingxinda Silk Pint Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610208903.8A priority Critical patent/CN105780444A/en
Publication of CN105780444A publication Critical patent/CN105780444A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M10/00Physical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. ultrasonic, corona discharge, irradiation, electric currents, or magnetic fields; Physical treatment combined with treatment with chemical compounds or elements
    • D06M10/04Physical treatment combined with treatment with chemical compounds or elements
    • D06M10/06Inorganic compounds or elements
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M10/00Physical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. ultrasonic, corona discharge, irradiation, electric currents, or magnetic fields; Physical treatment combined with treatment with chemical compounds or elements
    • D06M10/04Physical treatment combined with treatment with chemical compounds or elements
    • D06M10/08Organic compounds
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M10/00Physical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. ultrasonic, corona discharge, irradiation, electric currents, or magnetic fields; Physical treatment combined with treatment with chemical compounds or elements
    • D06M10/04Physical treatment combined with treatment with chemical compounds or elements
    • D06M10/08Organic compounds
    • D06M10/10Macromolecular compounds
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M16/00Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic
    • D06M16/003Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic with enzymes or microorganisms
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/10Animal fibres
    • D06M2101/12Keratin fibres or silk
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2200/00Functionality of the treatment composition and/or properties imparted to the textile material
    • D06M2200/45Shrinking resistance, anti-felting properties

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly type wool fabric scale-stripping treatment process. According to the process, under the action of ultrasonic waves and dual treatment of enzyme treatment and calcium carbonate grinding, the scale-stripping uniformity on the surface of wool is effectively improved, cell damage to inner fiber layers is reduced, and the wearing property and durability of a wool blended fabric are improved. As no substance such as heavy metals and halides which can do harm to human bodies and the environment is used, the process is an environment-friendly type fiber treatment process.

Description

A kind of environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama processes technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to the processing method of a kind of fabric, belong to field of textiles, the stripping squama particularly relating to a kind of wool fabric processes technique.
Background technology
Modern more and more focuses on improving quality of the life, and Pilus Caprae seu Ovis has a lot of good characteristic, such as good springiness, hygroscopicity by force, not easily stain, warmth retention property is good, gloss is soft, these characteristics make wool fabric have various individual style, the deep favor by people.But Pilus Caprae seu Ovis is susceptible to felting, the felting of wool fabric is mainly caused by the surface scale feature of Pilus Caprae seu Ovis, under cleaning function, Pilus Caprae seu Ovis is susceptible to " displacement " effect, thus causing " gathering " effect of wool fiber, namely wool fiber follows the string and curling, makes wool fabric tighten, and then cause the dimensional stability of wool fabric to be deteriorated, have a strong impact on the outward appearance of wool fabric and wear performance.Therefore wool fabric generally need to carry out corresponding chemistry dry-cleaning, or carries out slightly washing of very careful, and can not " machine-wash ", and this is inadaptable with the life style of modern.
The research of wool fabric felt proofing is lasted for a long time by industry personnel.At present, main both at home and abroad shrinkproofing treatment method has: divests scale and stops the relative movement of Pilus Caprae seu Ovis.General divests scale many employings chloridising, but it there is problems in that one is the stripping squama in order to reach yarn interior fiber, certainly will be overweight to the process of yam surface fiber, cause fiber inside and outside stripping squama uneven, thus having damaged yarn fibers, the performances such as the brute force of wool fabric, color are had a strong impact on;Two is that it needs to adopt heavy dose of stripping squama agent to process; but the stripping squama agent of heavy dose is very big to the pollution of environment; it is unfavorable for environmental conservation; also there is some new techniques and the process combination shrinkproofing treatment for wool fabric; although these new technologies can reach the anti-felting effect of wool fabric, but most effect stability and repeatability are poor.Chinese invention patent CN103031704A discloses a kind of felt proofing anti-shrink finish method of wool fabric, stripping squama is processed and combines with ferment treatment and supersonic treatment by the method, substantially the controlled process of stripping squama is achieved, but it remains a need for chlorination pretreatment in processing procedure, with the addition of halogen, environment is still had a certain impact.
Summary of the invention
Based on the technical problem that background technology exists, the present invention proposes a kind of environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama and processes technique.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama processes technique, comprises the following steps:
A, cleaning: fabric is clean with cleaning, remove impurity;
B, pretreatment: first being added by wool fabric in the glycerol of 1-3% and dodecyl sodium sulfate treatment fluid and carry out ultrasonic Treatment, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 500-800Hz, and temperature is 40-50 DEG C, and the process time is 20-30min;
Ferment treatment under C, ul-trasonic irradiation: addition neutral protease and calcium carbonate fine powder in solution complete for pretreatment are carried out ferment treatment, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 60-100KHz, the consumption of neutral protease is the 2.5-3.5% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight, pH value controls at 6-8, treatment temperature is 40-50 DEG C, the process time is 40-60min, and the consumption of calcium carbonate fine powder is the 0.5-1% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight;
D, enzyme deactivation and dissolution of calcium carbonate process: the solution temperature through ferment treatment is risen to 70-90 DEG C, and pH value controls at 2-4, and the process time is 5-20min;
E, by blend fibre from treatment fluid take out, with a large amount of clear water flushing 3-5 time;
F, drying.
Preferably, described calcium carbonate fine powder is, after being ground by calcium carbonate, cross 200 mesh sieves, extracting screen underflow.
Preferably, described neutral protease is serrapeptass.
Preferably, when regulating solution pH value, use organic acids and base.
The present invention adds glycerol when pretreatment, is the structure utilizing glycerol, plays the effect of lubricant, when being ground under Ultrasonic Conditions, fiber surface is carried out certain protective effect.
The present invention adds calcium carbonate fine powder in ferment treatment liquid; can under the vibration of strong ultrasound wave; wool surface is carried out physical grinding by calcium carbonate, is possible not only to strengthen the effect of ferment treatment, and will not to the cell damage of fibrous inside under the protection of glycerol.After being disposed, it is acid that solution is adjusted to, it is possible to by dissolution of calcium carbonate, do not have solid particulate matter and remain on fiber.
The invention have benefit that: environment-friendly type wool fabric of the present invention stripping squama processes technique and do not use the material to human body and bad environmental such as heavy metal, halogenide, belongs to the fiber treatment technique of environment-friendly type.Under ul-trasonic irradiation, the Duplex treatment that ferment treatment and calcium carbonate grind, it is effectively improved the desquamation process uniformity of wool surfaces, reduces the cell injury to fiber internal layer, what improve wool-blend fabric wears performance and durability.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
A kind of environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama processes technique, comprises the following steps:
A, cleaning: fabric is clean with cleaning, remove impurity;
B, pretreatment: first carrying out ultrasonic Treatment in the glycerol of wool fabric addition 2% and dodecyl sodium sulfate treatment fluid, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 700Hz, and temperature is 40 DEG C, and the process time is 25min;
Ferment treatment under C, ul-trasonic irradiation: addition neutral protease and calcium carbonate fine powder in solution complete for pretreatment are carried out ferment treatment, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 100KHz, the consumption of neutral protease is the 3% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight, pH value controls at 6-8, treatment temperature is 40 DEG C, the process time is 60min, and the consumption of calcium carbonate fine powder is the 0.7% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight;
D, enzyme deactivation and dissolution of calcium carbonate process: the solution temperature through ferment treatment is risen to 70-90 DEG C, and pH value controls at 2-3, and the process time is 15min;
E, by blend fibre from treatment fluid take out, with a large amount of clear water flushing 5 times;
F, drying.
Described calcium carbonate fine powder is, after being ground by calcium carbonate, cross 200 mesh sieves, extracting screen underflow.
Described neutral protease is serrapeptass.
When regulating solution pH value, use organic acids and base.
Embodiment 2
A kind of environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama processes technique, comprises the following steps:
A, cleaning: fabric is clean with cleaning, remove impurity;
B, pretreatment: first carrying out ultrasonic Treatment in the glycerol of wool fabric addition 3% and dodecyl sodium sulfate treatment fluid, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 800Hz, and temperature is 50 DEG C, and the process time is 30min;
Ferment treatment under C, ul-trasonic irradiation: addition neutral protease and calcium carbonate fine powder in solution complete for pretreatment are carried out ferment treatment, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 70KHz, the consumption of neutral protease is the 2.5% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight, pH value controls at 6-8, treatment temperature is 50 DEG C, the process time is 60min, and the consumption of calcium carbonate fine powder is the 1% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight;
D, enzyme deactivation and dissolution of calcium carbonate process: the solution temperature through ferment treatment is risen to 70-90 DEG C, and pH value controls at 3-4, and the process time is 20min;
E, by blend fibre from treatment fluid take out, with a large amount of clear water flushing 3 times;
F, drying.
Described calcium carbonate fine powder is, after being ground by calcium carbonate, cross 200 mesh sieves, extracting screen underflow.
When regulating solution pH value, use organic acids and base.
Embodiment 3
A kind of environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama processes technique, comprises the following steps:
A, cleaning: fabric is clean with cleaning, remove impurity;
B, pretreatment: first being added by wool fabric in the glycerol of 1-3% and dodecyl sodium sulfate treatment fluid and carry out ultrasonic Treatment, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 500Hz, and temperature is 45 DEG C, and the process time is 25min;
Ferment treatment under C, ul-trasonic irradiation: addition neutral protease and calcium carbonate fine powder in solution complete for pretreatment are carried out ferment treatment, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 60KHz, the consumption of neutral protease is the 2.5% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight, pH value controls at 6-8, treatment temperature is 40 DEG C, the process time is 45min, and the consumption of calcium carbonate fine powder is the 0.5% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight;
D, enzyme deactivation and dissolution of calcium carbonate process: the solution temperature through ferment treatment is risen to 70-90 DEG C, and pH value controls at 3-4, and the process time is 10min;
E, by blend fibre from treatment fluid take out, with a large amount of clear water flushing 3 times;
F, drying.
Described calcium carbonate fine powder is, after being ground by calcium carbonate, cross 200 mesh sieves, extracting screen underflow.
Described neutral protease is serrapeptass.
When regulating solution pH value, use organic acids and base.
These detection data are just for above-mentioned detection sample.
The above; it is only the present invention preferably detailed description of the invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; any those familiar with the art is in the technical scope that the invention discloses; it is equal to replacement according to technical scheme and inventive concept thereof or is changed, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. an environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama processes technique, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
A, cleaning: blended yarn weaved fabric is clean with cleaning, remove impurity;
B, pretreatment: first being added by wool fabric in the glycerol of 1-3% and dodecyl sodium sulfate treatment fluid and carry out ultrasonic Treatment, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 500-800Hz, and temperature is 40-50 DEG C, and the process time is 20-30min;
Ferment treatment under C, ul-trasonic irradiation: addition neutral protease and calcium carbonate fine powder in solution complete for pretreatment are carried out ferment treatment, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 60-100KHz, the consumption of neutral protease is the 2.5-3.5% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight, pH value controls at 6-8, treatment temperature is 40-50 DEG C, the process time is 40-60min, and the consumption of calcium carbonate fine powder is the 0.5-1% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight;
D, enzyme deactivation and dissolution of calcium carbonate process: the solution temperature through ferment treatment is risen to 70-90 DEG C, and pH value controls at 2-4, and the process time is 5-20min;
E, by blend fibre from treatment fluid take out, with a large amount of clear water flushing 3-5 time;
F, drying.
2. environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama as claimed in claim 1 processes technique, it is characterised in that described calcium carbonate fine powder is, after being ground by calcium carbonate, cross 200 mesh sieves, extracting screen underflow.
3. environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama as claimed in claim 1 processes technique, it is characterised in that described neutral protease is serrapeptass.
4. environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama as claimed in claim 1 processes technique, it is characterised in that when regulating solution pH value, use organic acids and base.
5. environment-friendly type wool fabric stripping squama as claimed in claim 1 processes technique, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
A, cleaning: fabric is clean with cleaning, remove impurity;
B, pretreatment: first carrying out ultrasonic Treatment in the glycerol of wool fabric addition 2% and dodecyl sodium sulfate treatment fluid, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 700Hz, and temperature is 40 DEG C, and the process time is 25min;
Ferment treatment under C, ul-trasonic irradiation: addition neutral protease and calcium carbonate fine powder in solution complete for pretreatment are carried out ferment treatment, treatment conditions are: ultrasonic frequency is 100KHz, the consumption of neutral protease is the 3% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight, pH value controls at 6-8, treatment temperature is 40 DEG C, the process time is 60min, and the consumption of calcium carbonate fine powder is the 0.7% of blended yarn weaved fabric weight;
D, enzyme deactivation and dissolution of calcium carbonate process: the solution temperature through ferment treatment is risen to 70-90 DEG C, and pH value controls at 2-3, and the process time is 15min;
E, by blend fibre from treatment fluid take out, with a large amount of clear water flushing 5 times;
F, drying;
Described calcium carbonate fine powder is, after being ground by calcium carbonate, cross 200 mesh sieves, extracting screen underflow;
Described neutral protease is serrapeptass;
When regulating solution pH value, use organic acids and base.
CN201610208903.8A 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Environment-friendly type wool fabric scale-stripping treatment process Pending CN105780444A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106418820A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 浙江锦诗纺织科技有限公司 Double side scarf allowed to be washed by washing machine

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103174000A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-06-26 太仓市隆丝达针织时装有限责任公司 Bio-enzyme felt proofing technology of knitted woolen sweater
CN103924439A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-16 江南大学 Method for protease-method wool felt-proofing treatment by using ultrasonic technology
CN104153200A (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-11-19 湖州圣绒服饰有限公司 Anti-felting method of cashmere fiber through enzymatic method
CN104611935A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-05-13 湖州市菱湖重兆金辉丝织厂 Felt proofing method for wool fabrics

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103174000A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-06-26 太仓市隆丝达针织时装有限责任公司 Bio-enzyme felt proofing technology of knitted woolen sweater
CN103924439A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-16 江南大学 Method for protease-method wool felt-proofing treatment by using ultrasonic technology
CN104153200A (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-11-19 湖州圣绒服饰有限公司 Anti-felting method of cashmere fiber through enzymatic method
CN104611935A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-05-13 湖州市菱湖重兆金辉丝织厂 Felt proofing method for wool fabrics

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106418820A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 浙江锦诗纺织科技有限公司 Double side scarf allowed to be washed by washing machine

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Application publication date: 20160720