CN105777429A - Soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer and preparation method of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer and preparation method of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105777429A
CN105777429A CN201610186328.6A CN201610186328A CN105777429A CN 105777429 A CN105777429 A CN 105777429A CN 201610186328 A CN201610186328 A CN 201610186328A CN 105777429 A CN105777429 A CN 105777429A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
soil
organic fertilizer
improvement type
compound organic
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CN201610186328.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
章云
张贝尼
章飞云
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Jixi Yuan Dao Agricultural Industry Science And Technology Ltd
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Jixi Yuan Dao Agricultural Industry Science And Technology Ltd
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Priority to CN201610186328.6A priority Critical patent/CN105777429A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides a soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer and a preparation method of the soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer. The soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 30 to 35 parts of rice straw, 25 to 30 parts of animal excrement, 20 to 25 parts of biological charcoal, 10 to 15 parts of soybean meal, 5 to 10 parts of cassava residue, 5 to 10 parts of diatom ooze, 2 to 2.5 parts of plant ash, 2 to 2.5 parts of turfy soil, 2 to 3 parts of zeolite powder, 3 to 4 parts of a microorganism bacterium agent, 2 to 3 parts of sodium benzoate, 2 to 3 parts of ammonium monohydrogen phosphate, 1 to 2 parts of calcium chloride, 1 to 2 parts of amino acid, 1 to 2 parts of starch, 1 to 2 parts of molasses powder and 1 to 2 parts of humic acid. The soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer takes plant wastes as raw materials; the quality of soil can be easily improved and the production cost can also be reduced, so that the physicochemical properties of the soil are improved, and the structure of the soil is comprehensively improved, and furthermore, the soil quality has the effects of softness, air permeability, water retention and fertilizer conservation; the aim of producing an environment-friendly high-quality organic fertilizer through preferably selecting heavy metal capable of being passivated, the biological charcoal capable of improving the fertilizer efficiency of the organic fertilizer, and conversion products of organic wastes including the biological humic acid and the like as composting base materials, and optimizing a composting process.

Description

A kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer field, it is more particularly related to a kind of soil improvement type straw is combined Fertilizer and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
In order to improve yield, people plantation when all can heavy dressing, and apply fertilizer every year, necessarily cause soil Loamy texture amount worse and worse, occurs hardening, poor air permeability, the nutrition seriously problem such as deficient, and the yield of plantation is also got over Coming the lowest, quality is more and more lower, and along with people's living standard improves, starts to focus on pollution-free food, as What effectively improves poor soil, makes full use of limited land resource, is agricultural production, ecological construction and environment Protection needs the urgent significant problem solved.Application soil conditioner is one of important measures of repairing degenerated soil. Soil conditioner can improve soil physical and chemical property and soil nutrient status effectively, and produces soil microorganism long-pending Pole affects, thus improves the productivity of degenerated soil.Fertilizer is that the important substance of development high yield and high quality agricultural ensures, Especially in the case of China has a large population in a small area, fertilizer improves the determiner of agricultural per unit area yield especially.So, a lot Agricultural will use chemical fertilizer or fertilizer to increase soil fertility, though chemical fertilizer has production-increasing function, but containing multiple unfavorable In human body and the chemical analysis of environment, causing the quality of crops to decline, make the hardening soil, soil fertility declines, and makes Human survival and health receive threat greatly.
Fertilizer arises primarily at plant and (or) animal, and imposing on soil to provide plant nutrient is that it is main The carbonaceous material of function.Fertilizer can not only provide full nutrition for crops, and fertilizer efficiency is long, can increase and Update the soil organism, promote microbial reproduction, improve physicochemical property and the biological activity of soil, be green food The Main Nutrients that product produce.In fertilizer, biological organic fertilizer has conditioning soil, activation Soil Microorganism is lived Jump rate, overcome soil compaction, increase soil air permeability.Reduce water loss and evaporation, alleviate arid Pressure, fertilizer conservation, minimizing chemical fertilizer, alleviate saline and alkaline infringement, in the situation reducing fertilizer amount or progressively replacing fertilizer Under, increase soil fertility, make cereal crops, industrial crops, greengrocery, melon and fruit class significantly increase production.Existing Technology also has a lot of biological organic fertilizer so that grain yield is improved, also maintain soil fertility, institute With, the demand of biological organic fertilizer is the hugest.
Agricultural pollution has become as China's environment first and pollutes greatly, and China's soil organic matter content is just by the early days of foundation 7%-11% reduce to current less than 3%, this present situation, as controlled the most not in time and improving, certainly will will be made Become the vicious cycle of agricultural production, and bring loss without redemption.Rush season in summer harvest autumn, straw are arrived every year The lowest Deng the service efficiency of organic resource, Chang Yitu is simply saved trouble to burn and is solved, and has burnt out upper soll layer, Waste resource, also pollute air;Use chemical fertilizer excess, the unabsorbed nutrient of undecomposed and plant is through rain Water washes away along with flowing into rivers and lakes, causes water quality overnutrition, severe contamination;A large amount of uses of fertilizer and pesticide, Agricultural product are polluted, leaves hidden danger to human survival and life;Heavy metal in soil exceeds standard pollution, changes Though enough nutrients can be supplemented for earth fertile, but have ignored the supply of organic matter, if long-term single administration chemical fertilizer, Earth bring harmful effect will to soil quality and environment, soil under conditions of lacking sufficient organic matter, Crumb structure is difficult to be formed, and the adhesive force between soil particle weakens, and then reduces the water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability of earth. Therefore, exploitation one can be effectively improved soil physical chemistry performance, and the prices of raw materials are cheap, and processing technology simply has Machine fertilizer has important theory value and realistic meaning.
Summary of the invention
According to problems of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, Soil physico-chemical property can be effectively improved, it is possible to significantly improve the soil organism, soil fertility and farming produce Amount, and there is fertilizer efficient, nuisanceless, free of contamination.
A kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: rice straw 30-35 part, animal wastes 25-30 part, charcoal 20-25 part, bean cake 10-15 part, manioc waste 5-10 Part, diatom ooze 5-10 part, plant ash 2-2.5 part, turfy soil 2-2.5 part, zeolite powder 2-3 part, micro-life Thing microbial inoculum 3-4 part, sodium benzoate 2-3 part, monoammonium phosphate 2-3 part, calcium chloride 1-2 part, aminoacid 1-2 part, starch 1-2 part, molasses powder 1-2 part, humic acids 1-2 part
Described animal wastes comprise one or more in chicken manure, cattle manure, sheep stool.
Described microbial bacterial agent is by yeast, Bacillus licheniformis, trichoderma, root nodule bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria group Become.
The weight ratio of described yeast, Bacillus licheniformis, trichoderma, root nodule bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria composition is 3:2:1:2:1。
Described yeast is selected from RW type yeast.
Described aminoacid comprises one or more in tryptophan, tyrosine, serine, cysteine.
The preparation method of a kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps:
Step one: rice straw, bean cake, manioc waste are crushed to the powdery of about 20-30 mesh, mix to obtain material One;
Step 2: add animal wastes, charcoal, diatom ooze, plant ash, turfy soil, boiling in material one Stone powder, microbial bacterial agent, sodium benzoate, monoammonium phosphate, calcium chloride, aminoacid, starch, molasses powder and Humic acids, mixing and stirring, obtain material two;
Step 3: pour in compost container by material two, uses static force ventilated mode to carry out aerobic compost Fermentation, under normal temperature condition after 10-15 days, heap body becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 4: by the raw material after fermentation, dries to water content less than 20%, obtains material three;
Step 5: material three is placed in pelletize in comminutor, obtains finished product.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is: due in rice straw containing substantial amounts of cellulose, lignin, solvable Property the composition such as sugar, aminoacid and mineral element, can be that soil delivered more nutrient, for microorganism offer Good growing space, and these compositions can be decomposed into the important composition composition of soil under microbial action; Biomass carbon contains macronutrient, and rich in micropore, fertilizer conservation water conservation ventilation capacity is strong, can notable conditioned soil The physicochemical property of earth, repairing heavy metal in soil pollutes;Microorganism mainly can improve Soil Microorganism activity and Enzymatic activity, forms microbiologic population, can promote that plant, to the absorption of nutrient and growth, changes heavy metal ion Existing forms, reduces its biological activity so that it is change into the nontoxic or heavy metal ion form of low toxicity or precipitation, Thus reach the purpose that repairing heavy metal in soil pollutes;Aminoacid directly can be absorbed by plant, microorganism, is Synthesizing accelerator and the catalyst of various enzymes in plant, microbial body, aminoacid is also used as the nitrogen source of plant, Aminoacid can improve the plant utilization rate to various nutrients with the metal ion in complexation soil simultaneously;Employing is planted Thing waste material, as raw material, not only improves raising soil quality, can reduce again production cost, thus improve soil Earth physicochemical property, improves Soil structure comprehensively, makes soil property reach soft, ventilative, the effect of water conservation, fertilizer conservation, By preferably can heavy metal-passivated, promote the organic waste such as the charcoal of fertilizer fertilizer efficiency, biological humic and turn Change product, as compost base material, optimizes composting process, to reach to produce the purpose of environment-friendly type high-quality fertilizer.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, technical scheme is described further.
Embodiment 1
A kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: rice straw 30 parts, animal wastes 25 parts, charcoal 20 parts, bean cake 10 parts, manioc waste 5 parts, diatom ooze 5 parts, Plant ash 2 parts, turfy soil 2 parts, zeolite powder 2 parts, microbial bacterial agent 3 parts, sodium benzoate 2 parts, phosphoric acid One hydrogen ammonium 2 parts, 1 part of calcium chloride, amino acid/11 part, starch 1 part, 1 part of molasses powder, humic acids 1 part.
Described animal wastes are the mixture of chicken manure, cattle manure, sheep stool.
Described microbial bacterial agent be by yeast, Bacillus licheniformis, trichoderma, root nodule bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria by Weight ratio is that 3:2:1:2:1 configuration forms.
Described yeast is selected from RW type yeast.
Described aminoacid comprises tryptophan, tyrosine, serine, cysteine.
The preparation method of a kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps:
Step one: rice straw, bean cake, manioc waste are crushed to the powdery of about 20 mesh, mix to obtain material one;
Step 2: add animal wastes, charcoal, diatom ooze, plant ash, turfy soil, boiling in material one Stone powder, microbial bacterial agent, sodium benzoate, monoammonium phosphate, calcium chloride, aminoacid, starch, molasses powder and Humic acids, mixing and stirring, obtain material two;
Step 3: pour in compost container by material two, uses static force ventilated mode to carry out aerobic compost Fermentation, under normal temperature condition after 10 days, heap body becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 4: by the raw material after fermentation, dries to water content less than 20%, obtains material three;
Step 5: material three is placed in pelletize in comminutor, obtains finished product.
Embodiment 2
A kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: rice straw 35 parts, animal wastes 30 parts, charcoal 25 parts, bean cake 15 parts, manioc waste 10 parts, diatom ooze 10 parts, Plant ash 2.5 parts, turfy soil 2.5 parts, zeolite powder 3 parts, microbial bacterial agent 4 parts, sodium benzoate 3 parts, Monoammonium phosphate 3 parts, 2 parts of calcium chloride, 2 parts of aminoacid, starch 2 parts, 2 parts of molasses powder, humic acids 2 Part.
Described animal wastes are the mixture of chicken manure, cattle manure, sheep stool.
Described microbial bacterial agent be by yeast, Bacillus licheniformis, trichoderma, root nodule bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria by Weight ratio is that 3:2:1:2:1 configuration forms.
Described yeast is selected from RW type yeast.
Described aminoacid comprises tryptophan, tyrosine, serine, cysteine.
The preparation method of a kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, comprises the following steps:
Step one: rice straw, bean cake, manioc waste are crushed to the powdery of about 30 mesh, mix to obtain material one;
Step 2: add animal wastes, charcoal, diatom ooze, plant ash, turfy soil, boiling in material one Stone powder, microbial bacterial agent, sodium benzoate, monoammonium phosphate, calcium chloride, aminoacid, starch, molasses powder and Humic acids, mixing and stirring, obtain material two;
Step 3: pour in compost container by material two, uses static force ventilated mode to carry out aerobic compost Fermentation, under normal temperature condition after 15 days, heap body becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 4: by the raw material after fermentation, dries to water content less than 20%, obtains material three;
Step 5: material three is placed in pelletize in comminutor, obtains finished product.

Claims (9)

1. a soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, it is characterised in that be made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: Rice straw 30-35 part, animal wastes 25-30 part, charcoal 20-25 part, bean cake 10-15 part, Maninot esculenta crantz. Slag 5-10 part, diatom ooze 5-10 part, plant ash 2-2.5 part, turfy soil 2-2.5 part, zeolite powder 2-3 Part, microbial bacterial agent 3-4 part, sodium benzoate 2-3 part, monoammonium phosphate 2-3 part, calcium chloride 1-2 part, Amino acid/11-2 parts, starch 1-2 part, molasses powder 1-2 part, humic acids 1-2 part.
A kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that by with The raw material composition of lower parts by weight: rice straw 30 parts, animal wastes 25 parts, charcoal 20 parts, bean cake 10 parts, manioc waste 5 parts, diatom ooze 5 parts, plant ash 2 parts, turfy soil 2 parts, zeolite powder 2 parts, micro- Bacteria agent 3 parts, sodium benzoate 2 parts, monoammonium phosphate 2 parts, 1 part of calcium chloride, amino acid/11 part, form sediment 1 part of powder, 1 part of molasses powder, humic acids 1 part.
A kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that by with The raw material composition of lower parts by weight: rice straw 35 parts, animal wastes 30 parts, charcoal 25 parts, bean cake 15 parts, manioc waste 10 parts, diatom ooze 10 parts, plant ash 2.5 parts, turfy soil 2.5 parts, zeolite powder 3 Part, microbial bacterial agent 4 parts, sodium benzoate 3 parts, monoammonium phosphate 3 parts, 2 parts of calcium chloride, aminoacid 2 Part, starch 2 parts, 2 parts of molasses powder, humic acids 2 parts.
4., according to a kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer described in any one of claim 1-3, its feature exists In: described animal wastes comprise one or more in chicken manure, cattle manure, sheep stool.
5., according to a kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer described in any one of claim 1-3, its feature exists In: described microbial bacterial agent is by yeast, Bacillus licheniformis, trichoderma, root nodule bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria group Become.
A kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described Yeast, Bacillus licheniformis, trichoderma, root nodule bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria composition weight ratio be 3:2:1:2:1.
7. according to a kind of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer described in claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that: Described yeast is selected from RW type yeast.
8. according to claim 1-3 any one one soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, it is characterised in that: institute The aminoacid stated comprises one or more in tryptophan, tyrosine, serine, cysteine.
9. a preparation method for any one of claim 1-8 soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer, its feature exists In, comprise the following steps:
Step one: rice straw, bean cake, manioc waste are crushed to the powdery of about 20-30 mesh, mix to obtain material One;
Step 2: add animal wastes, charcoal, diatom ooze, plant ash, turfy soil, boiling in material one Stone powder, microbial bacterial agent, sodium benzoate, monoammonium phosphate, calcium chloride, aminoacid, starch, molasses powder and Humic acids, mixing and stirring, obtain material two;
Step 3: pour in compost container by material two, uses static force ventilated mode to carry out aerobic compost Fermentation, under normal temperature condition after 10-15 days, heap body becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 4: by the raw material after fermentation, dries to water content less than 20%, obtains material three;
Step 5: material three is placed in pelletize in comminutor, obtains finished product.
CN201610186328.6A 2016-03-25 2016-03-25 Soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer and preparation method of soil improvement type straw compound organic fertilizer Pending CN105777429A (en)

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CN111233565A (en) * 2018-11-09 2020-06-05 郑杰 Carbon-containing organic fertilizer suitable for peanuts and production process
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CN111621300A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-09-04 河南省科学院地理研究所 Composite microbial soil conditioner and preparation method and application thereof
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CN114600584A (en) * 2022-02-28 2022-06-10 河南城建学院 Method for rapidly repairing hardening obstacle of reclamation cultivated land of damaged land in mining area

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Application publication date: 20160720