CN105777362A - Soil organic medical fertilizer and preparation method of soil organic medical fertilizer - Google Patents

Soil organic medical fertilizer and preparation method of soil organic medical fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105777362A
CN105777362A CN201610190616.9A CN201610190616A CN105777362A CN 105777362 A CN105777362 A CN 105777362A CN 201610190616 A CN201610190616 A CN 201610190616A CN 105777362 A CN105777362 A CN 105777362A
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extract
fertilizer
parts
soil
soil organic
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CN105777362B (en
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陈士进
袁世南
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Guizhou Yufeng Tianhong Biotechnology Development Co Ltd
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Guizhou Yufeng Tianhong Biotechnology Development Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention provides a soil organic medical fertilizer. The soil organic medical fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 55 percent to 70 percent of an organic fertilizer, 5 percent to 15 percent of plant extract, and the balance of auxiliary materials, wherein the plant extract is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 0.4 to 1 part of fructus gleditsiae extract, 0.5 to 1 part of radix sophorae flavescentis extract, 1 to 1.5 parts of derris trifoliata extract, 0.5 to 1 part of hemp seed extract, 0.8 to 1.2 parts of melia azedarach extract, 1 to 1.5 parts of aloe extract, 1 to 1.5 parts of fresh orange peel extract and 1 to 1.5 parts of garlic extract. According to the soil organic medical fertilizer provided by the invention, the problems of an existing common organic fertilizer of single function, common effect, a plurality of types of uncertainty and the like in a utilization process can be radically changed; the fertilizer not only can be used for preventing treating soil virus infection and can also be used for preventing and treating plant root-knot nematode diseases, improving a soil granular structure and improving the yield and quality of crops. The invention further provides a preparation method of the soil organic medical fertilizer.

Description

A kind of soil organic medical fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Ru 2006101161, be specifically related to a kind of organic medical fertilizer for soil and manufacture method thereof, belong to fertilizer field.
Background technology
Current existing organic fertilizer, as NY-525 specifies, organic matter and the total nutrient (nitrogen+phosphorus+potassium) of total content >=5% by >=45% form.The content of escherichia coli and harmful heavy metal is only made explicit provisions by other side.The interpolation of the biological product making consumption, using method, medium trace element, plant extraction is not specified by.Its application effect has significant uncertainty.Organic fertilizer amount of application in agricultural production is big, organic fertilizer is as not thorough in become thoroughly decomposed in process of production, inherently can carry the germs of a disease, bring polluter to soil, add that in present agricultural production, applying quantity of chemical fertilizer is big, has significantly caused severe contamination, the propagation causing the various virus of soil is extremely serious, diseases and pests of agronomic crop is also being stepped up, and causes agricultural product quality to decline, and yield is unstable.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is aiming at the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of organic fertilizer with preventing and treating soil virus disseminating effect;The problems such as function singleness that existing common organic fertilizer in use occurs, general, the multiple uncertainty of effect that make it fundamentally change;And this fertilizer can not only prevent and treat soil viral communication, moreover it is possible to preventing and treating plant root-knot nematodes, improve soil aggregate, improve the yield and quality of crops.
The above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
First, the present invention provides a kind of soil organic medical fertilizer, and it is prepared from by the raw material of following percentage by weight: organic fertilizer 55~70%, the adjuvant of plant extract 5~15% and surplus;Described plant extract, by weight, component is as follows: Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract 0.4~1 part, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract 0.5~1 part, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract 1~1.5 part, fiber crops seed extract 0.5~1 part, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L 0.8~1.2 part, Aloe extract 1~1.5 part, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract 1~1.5 part, Bulbus Allii extract 1~1.5 part.
Currently preferred soil organic medical fertilizer is prepared from by the raw material of following percentage by weight: organic fertilizer 65~68%, the adjuvant % of plant extract 6~7% and surplus;Described plant extract, by weight, component is as follows: Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract 0.4~0.7 part, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract 0.5~0.6 part, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract 1 part, fiber crops seed extract 0.5~0.7 part, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L 0.8 part, Aloe extract 1 part, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract 1 part, Bulbus Allii extract 1 part.
In currently preferred soil organic medical fertilizer, described organic fertilizer contains the composition of following weight portion: 1.5~2 parts of nitrogen, phosphorus pentoxide 1.2~2 parts, potassium oxide 1.5~2 parts, and organic >=45 parts;It is preferred that the composition containing following weight portion: 1.5~1.8 parts of nitrogen, phosphorus pentoxide 1.2~1.8 parts, potassium oxide 1.8~2 parts.
Described adjuvant refers to the summation of the chemical combination material of the secondary nutrient element needed for crop and micro-nutrient element.In currently preferred soil organic medical fertilizer, described secondary nutrient element, by weight, including sulfur 5-10 part and magnesium 2-8 part;Described micro-nutrient element, by weight, including ferrum 0.03~0.10 part, 0.02~0.05 part of manganese and 0.03~0.05 part of zinc.
In the soil organic medical fertilizer of the present invention, described plant extract is all from existing plant variety, wherein:
The fruit (Fructus Gleditsia) of [Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract] i.e. leguminous plant Gleditsia officinalis and the extract of Spina jujubae, containing abundant triterpenoid saponin isoreactivity material.
[Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract] the i.e. extract of the leaf of leguminous plant Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, stem, root, mainly contains matrine, oxymatrine isoreactivity composition.
[Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract] the i.e. extract of the whole strain of pulse family liana Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, mainly contains rotenone isoreactivity composition.
[fiber crops seed extract] the i.e. extract of moraceae plants Fructus Cannabis (CannabissativaL.) fruit.
[Extractives From Melia Azedarach L] the i.e. extract of Meliaceae deciduous tree margosa (Meliaazedarach) fruit, rich in Azedarachin isoreactivity composition.
[Aloe extract] the i.e. extract of liliaceous plant Aloe vulgaris (AloebarbadansisMiller) whole strain, containing abundant anthraquinone analog compound, including aloin, aloe-emodin, different aloin etc..
[Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract] the i.e. extract of the mature peel of rutaceae orange (CitrusreticulateBlanco) and variety thereof, containing abundant volatile oil, hesperidin, naringenin etc. active component.
[Bulbus Allii extract] the i.e. extract of Liliaceae herbaceos perennial Bulbus Allii AlliumsativumL bulb, rich in garlicin isoreactivity composition.
Above-mentioned each plant extract all can extract from corresponding plant according to existing method and obtain.In the soil organic medical fertilizer of the present invention, it is preferred that plant extract extracts in accordance with the following methods:
1) granule that Plant Powder to be extracted is broken into below 5mm specification is standby;
2) the diluting concentrated sulfuric acid of 95% in 10~15 times of water, add isopyknic industrial goods concentrated nitric acid, be diluted with water to pH3~4, obtain sulfonitric mixing diluted acid extracting solution;
3) by step 2) extracting solution that obtains pours step 1 into) mixing in the granule materials that obtains, the extracting solution added should be enough to all soak particulate material, in normal-temperature reaction 8~24 hours, add water material submergence post-heating to 80~100 DEG C, react 24~30 hours;
4) by step 3) the material cooled and filtered that obtains, obtain filtrate and material slag, material slag clear water washes twice, then filtrate and twice cleaning mixture are merged mixing, pH6.5~7.0 are neutralized with the ammonia of 15~18%, filter after clarifying then through 24~30 hours, after concentrating filter liquor, crystallizing and drying, obtain described plant extract.
The present invention also provides for the method for the described soil organic medical fertilizer of preparation, is, after described organic fertilizer, plant extract and adjuvant are respectively crushed into powder, mix in a ratio, namely obtains soil organic medical fertilizer of the present invention.
The present invention it is preferred that the method for the described soil organic medical fertilizer of preparation, comprise the following steps:
A. by Fructus Gleditsia, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, fiber crops seed, Melia azedarach L., Aloe, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae and Bulbus Allii respectively according to following steps 1) to 4) method process and obtain Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract, fiber crops seed extract, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L, Aloe extract, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract and Bulbus Allii extract:
1) granule that Plant Powder to be extracted is broken into below 5mm specification is standby;
2) the diluting concentrated sulfuric acid of 95% in 10~15 times of water, add isopyknic industrial goods concentrated nitric acid, be diluted with water to pH3~4, obtain sulfonitric mixing diluted acid extracting solution;
3) by step 2) extracting solution that obtains pours step 1 into) mixing in the granule materials that obtains, the extracting solution added should be enough to all soak particulate material, in normal-temperature reaction 8~24 hours, add water material submergence post-heating to 80~100 DEG C, react 24~30 hours;
4) by step 3) the material cooled and filtered that obtains, obtain filtrate and material slag, material slag clear water washes twice, then described filtrate and twice cleaning mixture are merged mixing, pH6.5~7.0 are neutralized with the ammonia of 15~18%, filter after clarifying then through 24~30 hours, after concentrating filter liquor, crystallizing and drying, obtain described plant extract;
B. plant extract, organic fertilizer and the adjuvant obtained by step A mixes after being crushed to powder respectively in a ratio, namely obtains described soil organic medical fertilizer.
The soil organic medical fertilizer of the present invention is taupe powder shape, can make granular fertilizers goods by Granulation Equipments.
Compared with prior art, the present invention is on the basis of common organic fertilizer, with the addition of eight kinds of specific plant extracts with specific ratio, and it is aided with preferred adjuvant, finally give a kind of brand-new soil organic medical fertilizer, under the synergic adjustment effect of each component, the medicine fertilizer of the present invention obtains significant beneficial effect on the whole, embodies a concentrated reflection of as following three basic roles:
1, can significantly improving the crop absorption and use efficiency to soil and fertilizer, and improve the crumb structure of soil, the consumption that makes reducing chemical fertilizer reaches more than 50%, meets modern agriculture with high efficiency production target requirement.
2, there is the dissemination significantly preventing crop soil-borne disease poison, and be prevented from the generation of crop root-knot nematode.
3, significantly improving the resistance of crop, the pest and disease damage that simultaneously can significantly reduce crop aerial parts occurs.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
The soil organic medical fertilizer of preventing and treating race Root-knot, by organic fertilizer 65%, eight Plant Extracts 6.2%, adjuvant 28.8% forms.Wherein nutrient content in organic fertilizer: nitrogen 1.5%, phosphorus pentoxide 1.8%, potassium oxide 2%;Eight Plant Extracts are configured to: Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract 0.4%, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract 0.5%, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract 1%, fiber crops seed extract 0.5%, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L 0.8%, Aloe extract 1%, Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract 1%, Bulbus Allii extract 1%;Secondary amounts nutrient element in adjuvant: sulfur 8%, magnesium 3%;Micro-nutrient element: ferrum 0.03%, manganese 0.03%, zinc 0.3%.
Preparation method:
First, eight Plant Extracts are prepared according to following steps:
1) particulate material that Fructus Gleditsia, the base of leaf root of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae Herb, fiber crops seed, Fruit of Melia azedarach Linn, Aloe Herb, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae, Bulbus Allii are respectively crushed into below 5mm specification is standby;
2) the diluting concentrated sulfuric acid of 95% in 10 times of water, add isopyknic industrial goods concentrated nitric acid, be diluted with water to pH3~4, obtain sulfonitric mixing diluted acid extracting solution;
3) by step 2) extracting solution that obtains pours step 1 respectively into) mixing in 8 kinds of granule materials obtaining, the extracting solution added should be enough to all soak every kind of particulate material, in normal-temperature reaction 8~12 hours, add water material submergence post-heating to 100 DEG C, react 24 hours;
4) respectively by step 3) 8 parts of material cooled and filtered obtaining, obtain filtrate and material slag, after expecting that slag washes twice with clear water respectively by 8 kinds, filtrate and twice cleaning mixture are merged mixing, pH6.5 is neutralized with the ammonia of 15%, filter after clarifying then through 24 hours, after concentrating filter liquor, crystallizing and drying, obtain above-mentioned 8 Plant Extracts.
Then after 8 Plant Extracts, organic fertilizer and the adjuvant that obtain being crushed to fine powder respectively, mix in a ratio, make granular fertilizers goods by Granulation Equipments, namely obtain preventing and treating the soil organic medical fertilizer of race Root-knot.
Effect test:
Within 2010, randomly choose ginger cultivation region at Daiyue District, Tai'an, Shandong Province Zhu Yang town east Zhang Cun and carry out contrast test, select the mutual non-conterminous ginger cultivation field that 6 block size and soil regime there was no significant difference, it is randomly divided into test group and matched group, often 3 pieces of fields of group, conventionally flow process plantation same breed Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens is started with the time, during planting, matched group field soil is used common fertilizer, test group field soil is used soil organic medical fertilizer prepared by the present embodiment with matched group equivalent.After the plantation of identical time, the Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens in 6 pieces of fields of simultaneously gathering, carry out determination of yield and ground discharging worms occurrence injury condition survey.
Determination of yield method: every piece of field is collected the Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens of 6 square metres at random and weighed, calculates per mu yield, and contracting value coefficient is by 0.85;
Ground discharging worms occurrence injury condition survey method: every piece of field random searching 20 strain Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens, calculates worm strain rate.
Survey and produce result: test group Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens average yield per mu is 4067.0kg, and matched group Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens average yield per mu is 3410.1kg, test group relatively matched group volume increase 19.3%.
Ground discharging worms occurrence injury condition survey result: test group cultivation Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens worm strain rate is 0%, matched group cultivation Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens worm strain rate is 10%.
Embodiment two
The special organic medical fertilizer of potato, is made up of the adjuvant of organic fertilizer 68%, eight Plant Extracts 6.5% and surplus.Wherein nutrient content in organic fertilizer: nitrogen 1.7%, phosphorus pentoxide 1.5%, potassium oxide 2%;Eight Plant Extracts are configured to: Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract 0.4%, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract 0.6%, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract 1%, fiber crops seed extract 0.7%, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L 0.8%, Aloe extract 1%, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract 1%, Bulbus Allii extract 1%;Secondary amounts nutrient element in adjuvant: sulfur 7%, U.S. 4%;Micro-nutrient element: ferrum 0.03%, manganese 0.03%, zinc 0.05%.
Preparation method:
First, eight Plant Extracts are prepared according to following steps:
1) particulate material that Fructus Gleditsia, the base of leaf root of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae Herb, fiber crops seed, Fruit of Melia azedarach Linn, Aloe Herb, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae, Bulbus Allii are respectively crushed into below 5mm specification is standby;
2) the diluting concentrated sulfuric acid of 95% in 15 times of water, add isopyknic industrial goods concentrated nitric acid, be diluted with water to pH3~4, obtain sulfonitric mixing diluted acid extracting solution;
3) by step 2) extracting solution that obtains pours step 1 respectively into) mixing in 8 kinds of granule materials obtaining, the extracting solution added should be enough to all soak every kind of particulate material, in normal-temperature reaction 12~24 hours, add water material submergence post-heating to 80 DEG C, react 30 hours;
4) respectively by step 3) 8 parts of material cooled and filtered obtaining, obtain filtrate and material slag, after expecting that slag washes twice with clear water respectively by 8 kinds, filtrate and twice cleaning mixture are merged mixing, pH6.5 is neutralized with the ammonia of 18%, filter after clarifying then through 30 hours, after concentrating filter liquor, crystallizing and drying, obtain above-mentioned 8 Plant Extracts.
Then after 8 Plant Extracts, organic fertilizer and the adjuvant that obtain being crushed to middle powder respectively, mix in a ratio, make granular fertilizers goods by Granulation Equipments, namely obtain the soil organic medical fertilizer that potato is special.
Effect test:
Within 2015, carry out Rhizoma Solani tuber osi in advance village of township of paper plant, Lupanshui City Shuicheng County, Guizhou Province and survey product contrast experiment, randomly choose the potato planting field that two pieces of situations there was no significant difference, it is decided to be experimental plot and comparison field respectively, starts simultaneously at the black beauty's purple-colored potato of plantation.Comparison field traditionally implantation methods every mu applications of farmyard manure 1000-2000 kilogram, other chemical fertilizer 80 kilograms;Soil organic medical fertilizer totally 160 kilograms prepared by the present embodiment is used in every mu of field of experiment;Plantation two pieces of fields therebetween all not applying pesticides, three months without precipitation when all do not take irrigation practice.Result of the test shows, comparison field potato disease insect pest incidence rate is higher than 60%, and per mu yield is less than 75kg, per mu yield value about 600 yuan, and the total crop failure of part plot;Almost without there is pest and disease damage in experimental plot Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, per mu yield reaches 2500kg, relatively compares the amount of increase in production in field more than 10 times, and by local market price estimation, peasant every mu can increase net income 19400 yuan.Additionally, the Rhizoma Solani tuber osi individual plant par 10 of comparison Tanaka, profile is coarse, and mouldy rotten incidence rate is higher, and section is lilac;Rhizoma Solani tuber osi individual plant quantity in experimental plot is at most up to 37, and smooth-shaped is neat, and section is dark purple.
Embodiment three
The special organic medical fertilizer of Oryza sativa L., is made up of organic fertilizer 66%, eight Plant Extracts 6.4% and surplus adjuvant.Wherein nutrient content in organic fertilizer: nitrogen 1.8%, phosphorus pentoxide 1.3%, potassium oxide 1.9%;Eight Plant Extracts are configured to: Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract 0.4%, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract 0.5%, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract 1%, fiber crops seed extract 0.7%, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L 0.8%, Aloe extract 1%, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract 1%, Bulbus Allii extract 1%: secondary amounts nutrient element in adjuvant: sulfur 6%, magnesium 5%;Micronutrient: ferrum 0.04%, manganese 0.03%, zinc 0.04%.
Preparation method:
First, eight Plant Extracts are prepared according to following steps:
1) particulate material that Fructus Gleditsia, the base of leaf root of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae Herb, fiber crops seed, Fruit of Melia azedarach Linn, Aloe Herb, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae, Bulbus Allii are respectively crushed into below 5mm specification is standby;
2) the diluting concentrated sulfuric acid of 95% in 12 times of water, add isopyknic industrial goods concentrated nitric acid, be diluted with water to pH3~4, obtain sulfonitric mixing diluted acid extracting solution;
3) by step 2) extracting solution that obtains pours step 1 respectively into) mixing in 8 kinds of granule materials obtaining, the extracting solution added should be enough to all soak every kind of particulate material, in normal-temperature reaction 12~18 hours, add water material submergence post-heating to 100 DEG C, react 30 hours;
4) respectively by step 3) 8 parts of material cooled and filtered obtaining, obtain filtrate and material slag, after expecting that slag washes twice with clear water respectively by 8 kinds, filtrate and twice cleaning mixture are merged mixing, pH6.5 is neutralized with the ammonia of 15%, filter after clarifying then through 24 hours, after concentrating filter liquor, crystallizing and drying, obtain above-mentioned 8 Plant Extracts.
Then after 8 Plant Extracts, organic fertilizer and the adjuvant that obtain being crushed to fine powder respectively, mix in a ratio, namely obtain the soil organic medical fertilizer that Oryza sativa L. is special.
Embodiment four
The special organic medical fertilizer of forestry fruit tree, is made up of organic fertilizer 68%, eight Plant Extracts 6.6%, surplus adjuvant 25.4%.Wherein nutrient content in organic fertilizer: nitrogen 1.7%, phosphorus pentoxide 1.4%, potassium oxide 2%;Eight Plant Extracts are configured to: Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract 0.5%, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract 0.6%, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract 1%, fiber crops seed extract 0.7%, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L 0.8%, Aloe extract 1%, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract 1%, Bulbus Allii extract 1%;Secondary amounts nutrient element in adjuvant: sulfur 7%, magnesium 5%;Micronutrient: 0.03%, manganese 0.03%, zinc 0.05%.
Preparation method:
First, eight Plant Extracts are prepared according to following steps:
1) particulate material that Fructus Gleditsia, the base of leaf root of Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae Herb, fiber crops seed, Fruit of Melia azedarach Linn, Aloe Herb, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae, Bulbus Allii are respectively crushed into below 5mm specification is standby;
2) the diluting concentrated sulfuric acid of 95% in 15 times of water, add isopyknic industrial goods concentrated nitric acid, be diluted with water to pH3~4, obtain sulfonitric mixing diluted acid extracting solution;
3) by step 2) extracting solution that obtains pours step 1 respectively into) mixing in 8 kinds of granule materials obtaining, the extracting solution added should be enough to all soak every kind of particulate material, in normal-temperature reaction 18~24 hours, add water material submergence post-heating to 100 DEG C, react 24 hours;
4) respectively by step 3) 8 parts of material cooled and filtered obtaining, obtain filtrate and material slag, after expecting that slag washes twice with clear water respectively by 8 kinds, filtrate and twice cleaning mixture are merged mixing, pH6.5 is neutralized with the ammonia of 15%, filter after clarifying then through 30 hours, after concentrating filter liquor, crystallizing and drying, obtain above-mentioned 8 Plant Extracts.
Then after 8 Plant Extracts, organic fertilizer and the adjuvant that obtain being crushed to middle powder respectively, mix in a ratio, namely obtain forestry fruit tree special-purpose soil organic medical fertilizer.
Above-mentioned four dedicated fertilizers, all through the scientific experiments of long period and inspection, oneself carries out engineering test demonstration widely, specification application in multiple kinds of crops such as Oryza sativa L., fruit tree, vegetable, tuber at present, all reached index request designed by the organic fertilizer of preventing and treating soil virus disseminating effect, technical measures rationally, effect stability, safe and reliable.Owing to having the application of the organic fertilizer of preventing and treating soil pest and disease damage dissemination, in agricultural production, the use of harmful substance is greatly reduced, pollute and reduce, agricultural product quality obtains and promotes, diseases and pests of agronomic crop alleviates, and perennial plant defying age ability strengthens, it is easy to accomplish sustainable efficient ecological organic agriculture produces.

Claims (8)

1. a soil organic medical fertilizer, it is characterised in that it is prepared from by the raw material of following percentage by weight: organic fertilizer 55~70%, the adjuvant of plant extract 5~15% and surplus;Described plant extract, by weight, component is as follows: Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract 0.4~1 part, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract 0.5~1 part, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract 1~1.5 part, fiber crops seed extract 0.5~1 part, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L 0.8~1.2 part, Aloe extract 1~1.5 part, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract 1~1.5 part, Bulbus Allii extract 1~1.5 part.
2. the soil organic medical fertilizer described in claim 1, it is characterised in that it is prepared from by the raw material of following percentage by weight: organic fertilizer 65~68%, the adjuvant % of plant extract 6~7% and surplus;Described plant extract, by weight, component is as follows: Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract 0.4~0.7 part, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract 0.5~0.6 part, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract 1 part, fiber crops seed extract 0.5~0.7 part, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L 0.8 part, Aloe extract 1 part, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract 1 part, Bulbus Allii extract 1 part.
3. any one soil organic medical fertilizer described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that described organic fertilizer contains the composition of following weight portion: 1.5~2 parts of nitrogen, phosphorus pentoxide 1.2~2 parts, potassium oxide 1.5~2 parts, and organic >=45 parts.
4. any one soil organic medical fertilizer described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that described organic fertilizer contains the composition of following weight portion: 1.5~1.8 parts of nitrogen, phosphorus pentoxide 1.2~1.8 parts, potassium oxide 1.8~2 parts, and organic >=45 parts.
5. any one soil organic medical fertilizer described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that described adjuvant is elementary composition by the secondary nutrient element needed for crop and micro-nutrient;Described secondary nutrient element, by weight, including sulfur 5-10 part and magnesium 2-8 part;Described micro-nutrient element, by weight, including ferrum 0.03~0.10 part, 0.02~0.05 part of manganese and 0.03~0.05 part of zinc.
6. any one soil organic medical fertilizer described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the component of described plant extract is extracted by following methods and obtained:
1) granule that Plant Powder to be extracted is broken into below 5mm specification is standby;
2) the diluting concentrated sulfuric acid of 95% in 10~15 times of water, add isopyknic industrial goods concentrated nitric acid, be diluted with water to pH3~4, obtain sulfonitric mixing diluted acid extracting solution;
3) by step 2) extracting solution that obtains pours step 1 into) mixing in the granule materials that obtains, the extracting solution added should be enough to all soak particulate material, in normal-temperature reaction 8~24 hours, add water material submergence post-heating to 80~100 DEG C, react 24~30 hours;
4) by step 3) the material cooled and filtered that obtains, obtain filtrate and material slag, material slag clear water washes twice, then described filtrate and twice cleaning mixture are merged mixing, pH6.5~7.0 are neutralized with the ammonia of 15~18%, filter after clarifying then through 24~30 hours, after concentrating filter liquor, crystallizing and drying, obtain described plant extract.
7. the method for preparation soil organic medical fertilizer described in claim 1, it is characterised in that after described plant extract, organic fertilizer and adjuvant are crushed to powder respectively, mix in a ratio, namely obtain described soil organic medical fertilizer.
8. the method described in claim 7, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
A. by Fructus Gleditsia, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae, fiber crops seed, Melia azedarach L., Aloe, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae and Bulbus Allii respectively according to following steps 1) to 4) method process and obtain Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis extract, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis extract, Radix seu Caulis Derridis Trifoliatae extract, fiber crops seed extract, Extractives From Melia Azedarach L, Aloe extract, fresh Pericarpium Citri tangerinae extract and Bulbus Allii extract:
1) granule that Plant Powder to be extracted is broken into below 5mm specification is standby;
2) the diluting concentrated sulfuric acid of 95% in 10~15 times of water, add isopyknic industrial goods concentrated nitric acid, be diluted with water to pH3~4, obtain sulfonitric mixing diluted acid extracting solution;
3) by step 2) extracting solution that obtains pours step 1 into) mixing in the granule materials that obtains, the extracting solution added should be enough to all soak particulate material, in normal-temperature reaction 8~24 hours, add water material submergence post-heating to 80~100 DEG C, react 24~30 hours;
4) by step 3) the material cooled and filtered that obtains, obtain filtrate and material slag, material slag clear water washes twice, then described filtrate and twice cleaning mixture are merged mixing, pH6.5~7.0 are neutralized with the ammonia of 15~18%, filter after clarifying then through 24~30 hours, after concentrating filter liquor, crystallizing and drying, obtain described plant extract;
B. plant extract, organic fertilizer and the adjuvant obtained by step A mixes after being crushed to powder respectively in a ratio, namely obtains described soil organic medical fertilizer.
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CN107183086A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-09-22 曲翠平 A kind of preparation method of biological medicine fertilizer
CN107183085A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-09-22 曲翠平 A kind of preparation method of rosin mixture biological medicine fertilizer
CN107467089A (en) * 2017-09-02 2017-12-15 邓杵娇 A kind of Bactericide fertilizer
CN107488059A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-19 惠州市锦恒工业模具设计合伙企业(普通合伙) A kind of Bactericide fertilizer based on turmeric root tuber extract
CN107488058A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-19 温妙云 A kind of medicine fertilizer containing plant tissue extract and preparation method thereof
CN107602205A (en) * 2017-07-28 2018-01-19 赖进九 A kind of Bactericide fertilizer based on garlic bulb extract He hymexazo
CN111533621A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-08-14 北京局气网络技术有限公司 Plant fermentation extract for improving corn planting and preparation method thereof
CN111592408A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-08-28 北京局气网络技术有限公司 Plant fermentation extract for improving rice planting and preparation method thereof
CN111662140A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-09-15 北京局气网络技术有限公司 Plant fermentation extract for improving soybean planting and preparation method thereof
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CN104892154A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-09-09 遵义师范学院 Pesticide fertilizer for controlling soft rot of Amorphophallus konjac and preparation method thereof
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CN107183086A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-09-22 曲翠平 A kind of preparation method of biological medicine fertilizer
CN107183085A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-09-22 曲翠平 A kind of preparation method of rosin mixture biological medicine fertilizer
CN107183085B (en) * 2017-07-13 2020-01-24 宁夏绿梭肥业科技有限公司 Preparation method of rosin mixture biological pesticide fertilizer
CN107488059A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-19 惠州市锦恒工业模具设计合伙企业(普通合伙) A kind of Bactericide fertilizer based on turmeric root tuber extract
CN107488058A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-19 温妙云 A kind of medicine fertilizer containing plant tissue extract and preparation method thereof
CN107602205A (en) * 2017-07-28 2018-01-19 赖进九 A kind of Bactericide fertilizer based on garlic bulb extract He hymexazo
CN107467089A (en) * 2017-09-02 2017-12-15 邓杵娇 A kind of Bactericide fertilizer
CN111533621A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-08-14 北京局气网络技术有限公司 Plant fermentation extract for improving corn planting and preparation method thereof
CN111592408A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-08-28 北京局气网络技术有限公司 Plant fermentation extract for improving rice planting and preparation method thereof
CN111662140A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-09-15 北京局气网络技术有限公司 Plant fermentation extract for improving soybean planting and preparation method thereof
CN112919973A (en) * 2021-03-23 2021-06-08 南宁市华沃农业科技有限责任公司 Water-soluble fertilizer containing amino acid and prepared from molasses fermentation liquor and preparation method thereof

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