CN105775946B - A kind of apparatus for controlling elevator and method - Google Patents

A kind of apparatus for controlling elevator and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105775946B
CN105775946B CN201610356086.0A CN201610356086A CN105775946B CN 105775946 B CN105775946 B CN 105775946B CN 201610356086 A CN201610356086 A CN 201610356086A CN 105775946 B CN105775946 B CN 105775946B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
light curtain
infrared light
detection unit
elevator
infrared
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CN201610356086.0A
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CN105775946A (en
Inventor
张彩霞
黄立明
刘贤钊
陈成
赖敏桂
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Hitachi Building Technology Guangzhou Co Ltd
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Hitachi Building Technology Guangzhou Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610356086.0A priority Critical patent/CN105775946B/en
Publication of CN105775946A publication Critical patent/CN105775946A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/0006Monitoring devices or performance analysers
    • B66B5/0018Devices monitoring the operating condition of the elevator system
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B13/00Doors, gates, or other apparatus controlling access to, or exit from, cages or lift well landings
    • B66B13/02Door or gate operation
    • B66B13/14Control systems or devices
    • B66B13/143Control systems or devices electrical
    • B66B13/146Control systems or devices electrical method or algorithm for controlling doors

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of apparatus for controlling elevator and method.The control system mainly includes the first infrared light curtain detection unit, the second infrared light curtain detection unit and control device.First infrared light curtain detection unit is used to be formed in parallel with the horizontal infrared light curtain of elevator door and carries out shelter detection;Second infrared light curtain detection unit is used to be formed in parallel with longitudinal infrared light curtain of elevator door and carries out shelter detection;Control device is used for the switch motion that elevator door is controlled according to the testing result of the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit.The embodiment of the present invention is by using above-mentioned technical proposal, longitudinal infrared light curtain is added on the basis of traditional horizontal infrared light curtain, effectively reduce the check frequency in existing elevator controlling scheme, solve causes elevator to be closed the door by mistake because blind area is big, the problems such as causing elevator to press from both sides people, realizes the more safe and reliable operation of elevator.

Description

A kind of apparatus for controlling elevator and method
Technical field
The present embodiments relate to elevator technology, more particularly to a kind of apparatus for controlling elevator and method.
Background technology
Elevator light curtain is a kind of light formula safety protector of elevator door, suitable for elevator and Cargo Lift, available for protection electricity The safety of terraced passenger.
At present, the elevator light curtain overwhelming majority is plane horizontal detection light curtain, and such a light curtain is generally comprised installed in elevator The infrared transmitter and infrared remote receiver of gate both sides.Setting is uniformly distributed in the short transverse of infrared transmitter interior edge elevator door There are multiple (generally 32 or 16) infrared emission components, infrared receiver component is correspondingly arranged in infrared remote receiver, in electricity When terraced door is in opening, the light that infrared transmitter is sent can form an infrared ray protection light curtain.When any of which one When beam light is blocked, it can learn and detect shelter, apparatus for controlling elevator can control gate phase down and open, until multiplying Visitor or obstacle leave after warning region elevator door can normal switching-off, so as to reach safeguard protection purpose, can so avoid electricity The generation of terraced clamping accident.
This traditional infrared light curtain detection mode, only when people or thing appear in sheltered from elevator door plane of motion it is red Can be just detected during outside line and control elevator to open the door again, because of the limited amount of infrared emission component, light in light curtain it Between larger space be present, so the detection based on traditional light curtain can have blind area.During the use of elevator, it is frequently encountered Shelter is appeared in the range of blind area and can not be detected, and causes elevator door to clip to the situation of shelter when closing.For example people pushes away When bicycle and entering car, it can not be detected because tire thickness is less than blind area scope, cause bicycle to be knocked;And for example Hand is stretched into the range of blind area and crushed by elevator door by Tong Yin.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of apparatus for controlling elevator and method, to solve in existing elevator controlling scheme because of check frequency It is larger and occur elevator door by mistake close the problem of.
In a first aspect, the embodiments of the invention provide a kind of apparatus for controlling elevator, including the first infrared light curtain detection unit, Second infrared light curtain detection unit and control device;
The first infrared light curtain detection unit is used to be formed in parallel with the horizontal infrared light curtain of elevator door and blocked Analyte detection;
The second infrared light curtain detection unit is used to be formed in parallel with longitudinal infrared light curtain of elevator door and blocked Analyte detection;
The control device respectively with the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit It is connected, for the testing result control according to the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit Make the switch motion of the elevator door.
Second aspect, the embodiments of the invention provide a kind of elevator control method, this method is carried based on the embodiment of the present invention The apparatus for controlling elevator of confession, including:
When elevator door is in non-completely closed state, blocked if the first infrared light curtain detection unit is not detected by Thing, and the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter, then controls the elevator door to open.
The present invention solves elevator by the way that the first infrared light curtain detection unit is combined with the second infrared light curtain detection unit Light curtain detecting system causes elevator to be closed the door by mistake because blind area is big, the problems such as causing elevator to press from both sides people, realizes elevator and more safely may be used The operation leaned on.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structured flowchart for apparatus for controlling elevator that the embodiment of the present invention one provides;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structured flowchart for apparatus for controlling elevator that the embodiment of the present invention three provides;
Fig. 3 is a kind of schematic flow sheet for elevator control method that the embodiment of the present invention five provides.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.It is understood that this place is retouched The specific embodiment stated is used only for explaining the present invention, rather than limitation of the invention.It also should be noted that in order to just Part related to the present invention rather than entire infrastructure are illustrate only in description, accompanying drawing.
Embodiment one
Fig. 1 is a kind of structured flowchart for apparatus for controlling elevator that the embodiment of the present invention one provides.As shown in figure 1, the system Including the first infrared light curtain detection unit 101, the second infrared light curtain detection unit 102 and control device 103.
Wherein, the first infrared light curtain detection unit 101 is used to be formed in parallel with the horizontal infrared light curtain of elevator door and carried out Block analyte detection;Second infrared light curtain detection unit 102 is used to be formed in parallel with longitudinal infrared light curtain of elevator door and hidden Block material detects;Control device 103 respectively with the first infrared light curtain detection unit 101 and the phase of the second infrared light curtain detection unit 102 Connection, for controlling electricity according to the testing result of the first infrared light curtain detection unit 101 and the second infrared light curtain detection unit 102 The switch motion of terraced door.
Exemplary, infrared light curtain detection unit generally comprises infrared transmitter and infrared remote receiver, in infrared transmitter It may include one or more infrared emission components, multiple infrared receiver components may include in infrared remote receiver.In the present embodiment, it is It is formed in parallel with the horizontal infrared light curtain of elevator door, the infrared transmitter and infrared remote receiver of the first infrared light curtain detection unit Gate both sides can be respectively arranged in, as main detection means.In order to be formed in parallel with longitudinal infrared light curtain of elevator door, the The infrared transmitter and infrared remote receiver of two infrared light curtain detection units can be respectively arranged on the outside of car parallel to gate sill Top and bottom, ensure the infrared light path of light curtain between hall door and gate, the detection means as auxiliary.It is appreciated that , elevator design personnel can be according to actual conditions to the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit Specific installation site be adjusted, such as the second infrared light curtain detection unit can be arranged on the outside of hall door or car on the inside of Deng position, as long as light curtain can be formed on the longitudinal direction parallel to elevator door.
Exemplary, it is in elevator door in opening or closing process, it is infrared to connect when the light in light curtain is blocked Obstacle can be detected by receiving device.Whether the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit will detect stop The testing result of thing is sent to control device, is controlled switch motion of the control device to elevator door.For example, work as any one The testing result of infrared light curtain detection unit is when detecting obstacle, control device can control elevator door to open, if now electric Terraced door is closed, then elevator door meeting phase down is acted and reversely opened, and prevents obstacle from being hit by elevator door.
Apparatus for controlling elevator provided in an embodiment of the present invention, by the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light Curtain detection unit is combined, and longitudinal infrared light curtain is added on the basis of traditional horizontal infrared light curtain, is effectively reduced existing There is the check frequency in elevator controlling scheme, solve causes elevator to be closed the door by mistake because blind area is big, the problems such as causing elevator to press from both sides people, Realize the more safe and reliable operation of elevator.
Embodiment two
The embodiment of the present invention two be on the basis of embodiment one, to the first infrared light curtain detection unit in embodiment one and Second infrared light curtain detection unit optimizes.
A kind of apparatus for controlling elevator provided in an embodiment of the present invention includes the first infrared light curtain detection unit, the second infrared light Curtain detection unit and control device.First infrared light curtain detection unit is for being formed in parallel with the horizontal infrared light curtain of elevator door simultaneously Carry out blocking analyte detection;Second infrared light curtain detection unit is used to be formed in parallel with longitudinal infrared light curtain of elevator door and hidden Block material detects;Control device is connected with the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit respectively, is used for The switch motion of elevator door is controlled according to the testing result of the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit.
Wherein, the first infrared light curtain detection unit includes the first infrared transmitter and the first infrared remote receiver, and first is infrared Transmitter and the first infrared remote receiver parallel to gate short transverse and be separately mounted to gate both sides.
Second infrared light curtain detection unit is between gate and hall door, and it is red that the second infrared light curtain detection unit includes second External transmitter and the second infrared remote receiver;
Second infrared transmitter is arranged on the top on the outside of car, width of second infrared remote receiver parallel to gate And the bottom on the outside of car;Or second infrared transmitter be arranged on car on the outside of bottom, the second infrared remote receiver Width parallel to gate and the top on the outside of car.
Preferably, the installation center of the second infrared transmitter is corresponding with the door center line of gate.The benefit so set exists In for center opening door, achievable luminous point is symmetrical, makes the installation center of the second infrared transmitter relative with the door center line of gate Should, accuracy in detection can be improved, can also reduce the quantity of infrared emission component, and then saves installing space and reduces cost.Example Such as, an infrared emission component, because elevator door is highly sufficiently high, an infrared emission member can be installed only centered on door center line The light that part is sent can be received by multiple infrared receiver components on opposite due to the scattering of light, can be met longitudinal detection Demand.
Further, the length of the second infrared remote receiver can be identical with maximum door opening width.Preferably, the second infrared receiver Device may include the infrared receiver component along gate width non-uniform Distribution.So set that be advantageous in that can be according to reality The needs of situation configure infrared receiver component, such as increase packing density near elevator door center line, and away from elevator door Mid line region reduces packing density, and cost is reduced while accuracy of detection is ensured.
The embodiment of the present invention two is on the basis of above-described embodiment, to the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light The mounting means of curtain detection unit is refined, and can further improve accuracy of detection, reduces installation cost.
Embodiment three
Fig. 2 is a kind of structured flowchart for apparatus for controlling elevator that the embodiment of the present invention three provides.The embodiment of the present invention is upper State and optimize on the basis of embodiment, it is single that the system includes the first infrared light curtain detection unit 201, the detection of the second infrared light curtain Member 202, control device 203 and detection means 204.
Wherein, control device is detected with the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain respectively by detection means Unit is connected.Detection means is used to obtain elevator door position information and elevator door status information, and by elevator door position information The second infrared light curtain detection unit is sent to elevator door status information, so that the second infrared light curtain detection unit is detecting screening Signal is blocked in output when being not turned off region that block material is located at elevator door.
Exemplary, the installation site of detection means is unlimited, is mainly used in carrying out the judgement of door position and state, and this A little information transmissions give the second infrared light curtain detection unit, and the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain are detected The testing result of unit is sent to control device.Second infrared light curtain detection unit can obtain elevator door in real time from detection means Positional information, can constantly reduce detection range, and be according to the approximate size size of position information confirming shelter and confirmation It is no to be not turned off region positioned at door, when detecting that shelter is located at the region that door is not turned off, provide and block signal (i.e. detection knot Fruit), detect that shelter can be ignored when located elsewhere, reduce the probability of wrong report.Control device is receiving detection dress After putting the testing result of transmission, the enabled instruction of switch gate can be provided by logic judgment, in addition, can also to elevator controlling system The Surveillance center that system has correspondence sends prompt message, the staff of Surveillance center is understood the fortune of elevator in real time Row situation.
Preferably, the system of the present embodiment may also include alarming device 205, and alarming device is connected with detection means, be used for Warning is sent under the driving of detection means.The installation site of alarming device is unlimited, primarily serves warning function, the mode of warning It is unlimited, can be voice broadcast or warning lamp etc..
The apparatus for controlling elevator that the embodiment of the present invention three provides, can be according to elevator door position information and elevator door status information To optimize the detection of shelter, wrong report is reduced, has further ensured the security reliability of elevator operation.
Example IV
The embodiment of the present invention four provides a kind of elevator control method, and this method can be performed by apparatus for controlling elevator, wherein The apparatus for controlling elevator can be realized by software and/or hardware.This method includes:Non- completely closed state is in elevator door When, if the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter, control elevator door is opened.
Exemplary, elevator door, which is in non-completely closed state, may include that elevator door is in door opening state, may also include electricity Terraced door is in the state closed.If the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit do not detect To shelter, shutdown instruction can be provided by control device, so as to control elevator door to close.If the first infrared light curtain detection unit or Second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter, door open command can be provided by control device, so as to control elevator door to keep Opening or phase down are simultaneously opened.
The elevator control method that the embodiment of the present invention four provides, can detect screening in any one infrared light curtain detection unit Opening elevator door during block material, the probability that elevator is closed the door by mistake is reduced, prevents human hand or other shelters from being hit by door, realizes elevator More safe and reliable operation.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, after control elevator door is opened, it may also include:If in the first preset duration Second infrared light curtain detection unit is continuously detected shelter, and calls shutdown instruction in being not detected by together, then default described first The elevator door is controlled to close at a slow speed after duration.So setting is advantageous in that, if after the regular hour, is not detected by Inside call shutdown instruction together, illustrate may there is no passenger in car, and now the second infrared light curtain detection unit is continuously detected and blocked Thing, in order to ensure elevator can normal use, can attempt to close the door at a slow speed.The speed for being less than and normally closing the door can specifically be referred to by closing the door at a slow speed To close elevator door.Closing the door at a slow speed is advantageous in that, can reduce the impulsive force to shelter.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, in addition to:When the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter, Send warning.So setting is advantageous in that, can reminding passengers occlusion removal thing in time, ensure elevator normal operation.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, after control elevator door is closed at a slow speed, in addition to:If in the second preset duration Call instruction in being inside not detected by together or call instruction together outside, then control elevator door to perform switch gate action;If the detection of the second infrared light curtain is single Member detects shelter in same position, then sends prompting letter to the Surveillance center that correspondence with apparatus for controlling elevator be present Breath.So setting is advantageous in that, interior call together is not detected by the second preset duration and instructs or calls instruction together outside, illustrates no passenger Using elevator, the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects that shelter is not removed on same position always, in order to ensure Elevator normal operation, it is necessary to notify staff check in time detection unit whether failure or remove foreign matter, prevent foreign matter to electricity Elevator sill and gate etc. cause damage.
Embodiment five
Fig. 3 is a kind of schematic flow sheet for preferable elevator control method that the embodiment of the present invention five provides, such as Fig. 3 institutes Show, this method includes:
Step 301, detect that elevator is in non-completely closed state.
Step 302, judge whether the first infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter, if so, then performing step 303; Otherwise, step 304 is performed.
Step 303, control elevator door are opened.
Step 304, judge whether the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter, if so, then performing step 305; Otherwise, step 306 is performed.
Step 305, control elevator door open, and send will close the door please remove shelter warning, perform step 307.
Exemplary, send warning and may be notified that either reminding passengers enter car or occlusion removal thing as early as possible.
Step 306, control elevator door are closed.
Exemplary, during elevator door is closed, alarming device can be closed.
Step 307, continue in T1 durations to judge whether the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter, if so, Then perform step 308;Otherwise, step 306 is performed.
It is exemplary, if the second infrared light curtain detection unit is not detected by shelter, and the first infrared light curtain detection unit Shelter is detected, also can perform step 308.
Step 308, judge whether to detect in call shutdown instruction together, if so, then performing step 306;Otherwise, step is performed 309。
Exemplary, if in T1 durations, inside call shutdown instruction continuously effective together, then can control elevator door to close.If Close the door before completing, inside call shutdown instruction together and disappear, can control elevator door to open, play a protective role.
Step 309, control elevator door to close at a slow speed after T1 durations, perform step 310.
Exemplary, carrying out at a slow speed at closing time, also alarming device being driven to provide warning.
Step 310, judge whether to detect in T2 durations it is inside and outside call information together, if so, then performing step 311;Otherwise, perform Step 312.
Information is called together inside and outside step 311, control elevator response.
Step 312, switch gate action is performed, if the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter in same position, Then prompt message is sent to the Surveillance center that correspondence with apparatus for controlling elevator be present.
Exemplary, if after elevator door is closed at a slow speed, it is never interior in T2 durations to call floor information together and call information together outside When, switch gate can be carried out and reaffirm whether be same position, if second detection device can also detect shelter, by Control device sends information to property Surveillance center, so as to check in time detection unit whether failure and remove foreign matter, prevent different Thing causes damage to elevator cage and gate etc..
A kind of elevator control method that the embodiment of the present invention five provides, can integrate the first infrared light curtain detection unit and second The testing result of infrared light curtain detection unit rationally to control the switch motion of elevator door, reduces the hair that elevator misses door close event It is raw, and prompting processing can be carried out to the shelter for hindering elevator door to close in time, it ensure that the normal operation of elevator.
Pay attention to, above are only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention and institute's application technology principle.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that The invention is not restricted to specific embodiment described here, can carry out for a person skilled in the art various obvious changes, Readjust and substitute without departing from protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, although being carried out by above example to the present invention It is described in further detail, but the present invention is not limited only to above example, without departing from the inventive concept, also Other more equivalent embodiments can be included, and the scope of the present invention is determined by scope of the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of apparatus for controlling elevator, it is characterised in that single including the first infrared light curtain detection unit, the detection of the second infrared light curtain Member and control device;
The first infrared light curtain detection unit is used to be formed in parallel with the horizontal infrared light curtain of elevator door and carries out shelter inspection Survey;
The second infrared light curtain detection unit is used to be formed in parallel with longitudinal infrared light curtain of elevator door and carries out shelter inspection Survey;
The control device is connected with the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit respectively Connect, for controlling institute according to the testing result of the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit State the switch motion of elevator door;
Wherein, the second infrared light curtain detection unit includes the second infrared transmitter and the second infrared remote receiver;
The installation center of second infrared transmitter is corresponding with the door center line of gate;
Second infrared remote receiver includes the infrared receiver component along the gate width non-uniform Distribution;
Increase the packing density of the infrared receiver component in the first setting regions close to the door center line, away from the door Second setting regions of center line reduces the packing density of the infrared receiver component.
2. system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that it is infrared that the first infrared light curtain detection unit includes first The height of transmitter and the first infrared remote receiver, first infrared transmitter and first infrared remote receiver parallel to gate Direction is simultaneously separately mounted to the gate both sides;
The second infrared light curtain detection unit is between the gate and hall door;
Second infrared transmitter is arranged on the top on the outside of car, and second infrared remote receiver is parallel to the gate Width and the bottom on the outside of the car;Or under second infrared transmitter is arranged on the outside of car Portion, width of second infrared remote receiver parallel to the gate and the top on the outside of the car.
3. system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also pass through described including detection means, the control device Detection means is connected with the first infrared light curtain detection unit and the second infrared light curtain detection unit respectively;
The detection means is used to obtain elevator door position information and elevator door status information, and by the elevator door position information The second infrared light curtain detection unit is sent to the elevator door status information, so that second infrared light curtain detection is single Member detect shelter be located at the elevator door when being not turned off region export block signal.
4. system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that also including alarming device, the alarming device and the inspection Device connection is surveyed, for sending warning under the driving of the detection means.
5. a kind of elevator control method, it is characterised in that based on the apparatus for controlling elevator as described in claim 1-4 is any, bag Include:
When elevator door is in non-completely closed state, if the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter, control The elevator door is made to open;
After controlling the elevator door to open, methods described also includes:If second infrared light in the first preset duration Curtain detection unit is continuously detected shelter, and calls shutdown instruction in being not detected by together, then is controlled after first preset duration The elevator door is closed at a slow speed.
6. according to the method for claim 5, it is characterised in that also include:
When the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter, warning is sent.
7. according to the method for claim 5, it is characterised in that after controlling the elevator door to close at a slow speed, in addition to:
If calling instruction in being not detected by the second preset duration together or calling instruction together outside, control the elevator door to perform switch gate and move Make;
If the second infrared light curtain detection unit detects shelter in same position, deposited to the apparatus for controlling elevator Prompt message is sent in the Surveillance center of correspondence.
CN201610356086.0A 2016-05-25 2016-05-25 A kind of apparatus for controlling elevator and method Active CN105775946B (en)

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CN107265223A (en) * 2017-05-20 2017-10-20 郎野 Elevator floor calling set infrared detecting device
CN107500099B (en) * 2017-09-07 2021-07-20 宁波赛福特电子有限公司 Multifunctional elevator light curtain
CN109019267A (en) * 2018-10-26 2018-12-18 电子科技大学 A kind of elevator door sub-controlling unit for preventing children from individually taking
CN110540121B (en) * 2019-09-09 2021-04-09 广州广日电梯工业有限公司 System and method for identifying foreign matters in sliding groove of elevator sill
CN110950208B (en) * 2019-11-12 2021-07-20 浙江新再灵科技股份有限公司 Semantic segmentation-based method for prohibiting electric vehicle from entering elevator and going upwards in linkage manner

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