CN105775189A - Full-automatic chopsticks packaging machine - Google Patents

Full-automatic chopsticks packaging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105775189A
CN105775189A CN201610310291.3A CN201610310291A CN105775189A CN 105775189 A CN105775189 A CN 105775189A CN 201610310291 A CN201610310291 A CN 201610310291A CN 105775189 A CN105775189 A CN 105775189A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chopsticks
frame
plate
paper
air nozzle
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610310291.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105775189B (en
Inventor
孙泽军
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长沙世通纸塑箸业有限公司
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Priority to CN201610310291.3A priority Critical patent/CN105775189B/en
Publication of CN105775189A publication Critical patent/CN105775189A/en
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Publication of CN105775189B publication Critical patent/CN105775189B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B5/00Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
    • B65B5/06Packaging groups of articles, the groups being treated as single articles
    • B65B5/067Packaging groups of articles, the groups being treated as single articles in bags
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/36Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers
    • B65B35/38Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers by suction-operated grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/44Arranging and feeding articles in groups by endless belts or chains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/26Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks
    • B65B43/30Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks by grippers engaging opposed walls, e.g. suction-operated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • B65B57/10Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged
    • B65B57/12Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged and operating to control, or stop, the feed of wrapping materials, containers, or packages

Abstract

The invention relates to a full-automatic chopsticks packaging machine. The full-automatic chopsticks packaging machine is composed of the following units: a chopsticks supply mechanism, a chopsticks paper sleeve packaging device, a chopsticks inner package detection device, a chopsticks conveying mechanism, a chopsticks outer package packaging device and a control center. A chopsticks arranging device comprises a transmission chain, an arranging rack, a frame and a baffle plate, wherein the arranging rack is fixed on the transmission chain and can rotate along with the transmission chain, and the opening direction of the arranging rack is consistent with the transmission direction of the transmission chain; the baffle plate is arranged at the rear end of the arranging rack; infrared sensors are mounted on the baffle plate; a main driving wheel is arranged on one side of the transmission chain while an auxiliary driving wheel is arranged on the other side of the transmission chain; and the infrared sensors, a servo motor and a control center are connected. The full-automatic chopsticks packaging machine is simple in structure and convenient to use. Arranging plates are driven to move through the transmission chain so as to orderly arrange and put chopsticks dynamically, and therefore, the chopsticks can be conveniently packaged continuously; and paper sleeve packaging and outer package packaging process steps of the chopsticks are full-automatically accomplished.

Description

A kind of fully automatic chopstick packer

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of packaging facilities, especially relate to a kind of fully automatic chopstick packer.

Background technology

Chopsticks sell at least two commodity sold together in groups as a kind of needs, before dispatching from the factory, it is necessary to wired up.The packaging of chopsticks mainly has two kinds.One is relatively easy manner of packing, is specifically directly packeted together with plastic foil by a bundle chopsticks, is packaged into a quadrangular shape.

nullCN202686791U discloses a kind of compound chopsticks packing machine,Including frame,Described frame is provided with inner packing and puts and outer packing device,Described inner packing puts the storage device placed for chopsticks including being arranged in frame,The side of the bottom of storage device is provided with discharging opening,One end of discharging opening is connected to inner packing film feeder and promotes device,The other end is provided with inner packing closing device,Described outer packing device and inner packing are provided with transporter between putting,Described outer packing device includes outer package film feeder and outer packing sealing device,Described outer package film feeder includes the wrapping film roller placed for wrapping film,The side of wrapping film roller is connected to guide pipe,Guide pipe is provided with outer package collating unit away from one end of wrapping film roller,Described outer package collating unit includes arranging groove and by the finishing plate of air cylinder driven,Transporter exports for transmitting near the side of outer packing device,The described notch arranging groove is arranged at transporter and transmits the lower section of outlet,The described bottom outside arranging groove is the arrangement groove guiding curved surface being equipped with guide pipe,Arrange groove and be provided with the push rod being coaxially disposed with guide pipe near the side of guide pipe,Push rod stretches in arrangement groove,Arrangement groove offers arrangement groove outlet away from the side of guide pipe,Arrangement groove outlet is externally provided with leads lamina membranacea,The both sides leading lamina membranacea are arranged in frame,Middle part concave downward,And lead lamina membranacea curved surface in concave inside formation,That leads lamina membranacea is arranged over lateral sealing device,The lamina membranacea curved surface of leading led in lamina membranacea depression is equipped with arrangement groove guiding curved surface,When carrying out conveying and packaging material,Packaging material are along the lateral wall of described guide pipe、Arrangement groove guiding curved surface is carried with leading lamina membranacea guiding curved surface,Described lamina membranacea of leading is provided with longitudinal closing device away from the one end arranging groove,Described push rod extends and stretches in the depression leading lamina membranacea,And and can lead in lamina membranacea depression reciprocating arranging groove.This chopsticks packing machine can not internally be packed and carry out having detected whether empty package, and its automaticity is low.

CN2841504Y discloses a kind of fully-automatic sanitary chopsticks paper set packer.It is made up of following unit: apply one's chopsticks to the food and chopsticks are delivered to the supply unit that wrapping paper overlaps, supply unit terminal has an air nozzle face paper set opening and blow the gas circuit control unit of paper set open, face air nozzle and have a paper set work platforms controlling hygienic chopsticks insertion paper set centre, overlap work platforms against paper and be provided with transmission, the counting unit being undertaken transmitting and counting by the hygienic chopsticks being plugged paper set.This fully-automatic sanitary chopsticks paper set packer can be only done the packaging of single double; two hygienic chopsticks, and one end of hygienic chopsticks still can expose outside paper bag, it is impossible to is packed by hygienic chopsticks by some, is unfavorable for the transport of hygienic chopsticks.

The chopsticks packing machine that CN203544415U is mono-kind novel, it comprises body, chopsticks bucket, thin film frame, thin film, first lead film wheel, second lead film wheel, the first sealer cuts off wheel, the second sealer cuts off wheel, cutting knife, spring adjusting handle, finished product bucket, gear, proximity switch, motor and push away chopsticks bar;nullThe top of body is provided with chopsticks bucket,The right side of chopsticks bucket is provided with thin film frame,One end of thin film is wound on thin film frame,Push away chopsticks bar and thin film frame lower end is set,The other end of thin film through the downside pushing away chopsticks bar be arranged on first lead film wheel and second lead film wheel between,First leads film wheel and second leads film wheel and is arranged on the left lower of chopsticks bucket,Second leads film wheel is arranged on the first front portion leading film wheel,Second front side leading film wheel is provided with two spring adjusting handles,First sealer cut off wheel and second sealer cut off wheel be arranged on first lead film wheel and second lead film wheel left side,And second sealer cut off wheel be arranged on first sealer cut off wheel front side,First sealer cuts off wheel and the second sealer is cut off and is provided with thin film between wheel,Second sealer is cut off and is provided with cutting knife on wheel,The left side of body is provided with finished product bucket,Top inside body is provided with and connects the travelling gear leading film wheel and film-closing wheel,And gear is arranged on the first sealer and cuts off the bottom of wheel,And the side of gear is provided with proximity switch,Proximity switch is connected with body upper,Motor is arranged on the centre of underpart,And the undergear of motor and the first sealer cut-out wheel connects.This chopsticks packing machine discomfort combined paper set packaging chopsticks, and some packings can not be pressed again to after single double; two package for chopsticks paper bags.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of simple in construction, easy to use, the fully automatic chopstick packer of continuous way packing chopsticks.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of fully automatic chopstick packer, is made up of following unit:

Chopsticks feed mechanism: chopsticks be divided into single double; two and be fed to paper set display unit;

Chopsticks paper sheath packaging system: receive the chopsticks of chopsticks feed mechanism feed, and chopsticks are wrapped inside dress and process by paper using set;

Chopsticks inner packing detecting device: the chopsticks that detection chopsticks paper sheath packaging system transmits, and detect underproof sample and reject, qualified chopsticks are sent to chopsticks collating unit;

Chopsticks collating unit: by chopsticks good for inner packing by setting quantity proper alignment, including driving chain, arrangement frame, frame and baffle plate, described arrangement frame is fixed on driving chain, and can rotate with driving chain, and the opening direction of arrangement frame is consistent with the transmission direction of driving chain;The rear end of described arrangement frame is provided with baffle plate;Described baffle plate is provided with infrared inductor;The side of described driving chain is provided with main driving wheel, and its opposite side is provided with from drive, described main driving wheel and be fixed on frame by support bar from drive, and described main driving wheel electrically connects with servomotor;Described infrared inductor, servomotor are connected with control centre;

Chopsticks conveying mechanism: the chopsticks arranged on chopsticks collating unit are drawn, put into buttress, and pushes to chopsticks outer package packing apparatus;

Chopsticks outer package packing apparatus: chopsticks are carried out outer package packing by specification, and chopsticks outsourcing installed are delivered on chopsticks lodging bench or conveyer belt;

Control centre: electrically connect with chopsticks feed mechanism, chopsticks paper sheath packaging system, chopsticks inner packing detecting device, chopsticks collating unit, chopsticks conveying mechanism and chopsticks outer package packing apparatus, and control their running status.

Further, described arrangement frame is made up of some arrangement boards;Described arrangement board is " ㄥ " shape;Described arrangement board is made up of base plate and side plate, and base plate and side plate are formed in one plate, and the junction of described base plate and side plate is provided with arc angling;Described base plate offers 2 or multiple fixing hole;The side that one end of described side plate is provided with, described base plate is provided with hypotenuse away from one end of side.

Preferably, described side and side plate bearing of trend are the angle of 120 ~ 150 °, and chopsticks enters and is placed in from the side of arrangement frame arrangement frame.Described hypotenuse and base plate bearing of trend are the angle of 120 ~ 150 °.

Further, chopsticks collating unit also includes vertical limit device, and described vertical limit device includes cylinder, connecting rod, transverse frame plate and pillar, and described cylindrical sleeve is located at one end of connecting rod, is positioned at the upper right side of arrangement frame;Described connecting rod is fixed on transverse frame plate, and described transverse frame plate is fixed on pillar, and can rotate around pillar or move up and down on pillar.Vertical limit device can be prevented effectively from chopsticks and encounter the phenomenon that baffle plate is beated when entering arrangement board because inertia moves on arrangement board.

Further, described chopsticks feed mechanism, including chopsticks hopper, discharge flapper, chopsticks thumb wheel, spring stay column, plectrum, frame and transmission chain, the left side of described chopsticks hopper is provided with drive motor of applying one's chopsticks to the food, and motor of applying one's chopsticks to the food is through the transmission rotating shaft with driving chopsticks thumb wheel and plectrum;Described discharge flapper is connected with chopsticks hopper by hinge or rotating shaft, is provided with the spring stay column being connected with discharge flapper, is provided with groove between discharge flapper and chopsticks hopper bottom it, it is simple to drives the installation of chopsticks thumb wheel and allocates the chopsticks in chopsticks hopper;Described frame is additionally provided with plectrum and front apron;Described plectrum is connected with transmission chain;Described transmission chain end is connected with chopsticks paper sheath packaging system.

Further, chopsticks paper sheath packaging system, overlaps display unit, paper set push pedal, transverse elasticity post and the first air nozzle including paper;The set push pedal of described paper is fixed in paper set display unit by transverse elasticity post;The junction of described paper set display unit and chopsticks feed mechanism is provided with the first air nozzle, the front end of the gas outlet alignment paper set push pedal of air nozzle;Described first air nozzle and the first air pump connect;Described paper set display unit end is connected with chopsticks conveyer belt.

Further, the frame that described paper overlaps push pedal front end relative is provided with the first photoelectric detector, described first photoelectric detector is connected with control centre, paper set limiting plate it is provided with on the right side of paper set push pedal, described paper set limiting plate overlaps display unit by rotating shaft with paper and is connected, and described rotating shaft is connected with control centre;Described first air nozzle is 15 ~ 45 ° of angles with paper set display unit horizontal direction, and downward-sloping 5 ~ 10 ° of the first air nozzle is arranged in frame.

Further, chopsticks inner packing detecting device, including the first air pump and at least 1 the second air nozzle, described second air nozzle is arranged on conveyer frames, horizontal direction and conveyer frames are 30 ~ 45 ° of angles, and inclining vertically downwards 5 ~ 10 °, the center transmitting line in the middle part of the alignment conveyer frames of its gas outlet, described air nozzle and the first air pump connect.

Further, described chopsticks inner packing detecting device also includes the second photoelectric detector, the 3rd photoelectric detector and control centre, described second photoelectric detector and the 3rd photoelectric detector are arranged on conveyer frames, it is positioned at the both sides of the second air nozzle, both spacing distance sums that transmit with adjacent chopsticks equal to the length of chopsticks packing bag separated by a distance, described control centre and the second photoelectric detector, the 3rd photoelectric detector electrical connection.

Further, described chopsticks conveying mechanism includes suction disc, push rod and chopsticks display unit;Described suction disc and the second air pump connect, and are fixed on the first slide bar, and move forward and backward along the first slide bar, and the chopsticks on arrangement frame are drawn and moved in chopsticks display unit;Described push rod is connected with hydraulic stem, is pushed to by the chopsticks in chopsticks display unit on chopsticks outer package packing apparatus.

Further, described chopsticks outer package packing apparatus includes packaging bag pressing plate, bracing frame, the 3rd air nozzle, swinging strut, motor and transfer robot;One end of described packaging bag pressing plate is fixed in the middle of frame, and other end end is provided with 2 the 3rd air nozzles;Described 3rd air nozzle and the connection of the second air pump, support frame as described above includes the first frame plate and the second frame plate that are separately fixed at frame both sides, described first frame plate and the second frame plate are separately fixed on swinging strut, and rotate with the rotation of swinging strut, and described swinging strut is driven by motor and rotates;Described transfer robot is fixed on the second slide bar, and moves left and right along the second slide bar, is sent to by the chopsticks pushed in packaging bag on chopsticks lodging bench or conveyer belt.

Further, the first frame plate and the second frame plate are all made up of frame base plate, frame side plate, frame top board and connecting plate, and the front end of described frame base plate and frame top board is provided with 30 ~ 45 ° of inclined-planes, are provided with circular arc chamfering with the junction of inclined-plane and rear end in the middle part of it;Described connecting plate is fixing with in the middle part of frame base plate to be connected, and which is provided with the fixed via being connected with swinging strut;The anglec of rotation of the first frame plate and the second frame plate is 90 °.

Further, described 3rd air nozzle is relatively to the centerline dip 3 ~ 15 ° of packaging bag pressing plate, it is simple to packaging bag blown open.

The beneficial effect of a kind of fully automatic chopstick packer of the present invention:

1) simple in construction, easy to use, driven the movement of arrangement board by driving chain, dynamically lower proper alignment laying chopsticks, it is simple to continuous way packing chopsticks;

2) air nozzle can quickly be rejected the paper of chopsticks inner packing process hollow and be covered into follow-up packing process, adopts Photoelectric Detection, it is possible to detect the underproof chopsticks packing bag of packing and chopsticks accurately, improves efficiency and the qualification rate of chopsticks packing;

3) arrangement board is " ㄥ " shape, it is simple to the absorption follow-up together of putting of chopsticks is removed;One end of side plate sets side, it is simple to chopsticks enter in arrangement board from one end of arrangement board, the fixing hole on its base plate, it is simple to arrangement board is fixed on driving chain;

4) bidirectionally limited device can be prevented effectively from chopsticks and encounters the phenomenon that baffle plate is beated when entering arrangement board because inertia moves on arrangement board, and then guarantees that chopsticks proper alignment is arranging on frame;

5) baffle plate is possible to prevent chopsticks from arrangement frame opposite side removal, and whether infrared inductor thereon can detect has put chopsticks on arrangement board, and the chopsticks on arrangement frame can also be counted by control centre according to the signal of infrared inductor feedback;

6) the 3rd air nozzle and the bracing frame being arranged on swinging strut are adopted, it is achieved full-automation completes opening and supporting chopsticks outer packaging bag, improves the efficiency of package for chopsticks, reduces the labor intensity of operator.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of fully automatic chopstick packer of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram of chopsticks feed mechanism and chopsticks paper sheath packaging system in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the enlarged diagram of chopsticks inner packing detecting device in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the enlarged diagram of chopsticks collating unit in Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of arrangement board in Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of chopsticks conveying mechanism in Fig. 1;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of chopsticks outer package packing apparatus in Fig. 1;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the first frame plate in Fig. 7.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.

With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of fully automatic chopstick packer of the present invention, it is made up of following unit:

Chopsticks feed mechanism 101: chopsticks be divided into single double; two and be fed to paper set display unit;

Chopsticks paper sheath packaging system 102: receive the chopsticks of chopsticks feed mechanism 101 feed, and chopsticks are wrapped inside dress and process by paper using set;

Chopsticks inner packing detecting device 103: the chopsticks that detection chopsticks paper sheath packaging system 102 transmits, and detect underproof sample and reject, qualified chopsticks are sent to chopsticks collating unit 105;

Chopsticks collating unit 105: by chopsticks good for inner packing by setting quantity proper alignment;

Chopsticks conveying mechanism 106: the chopsticks arranged on chopsticks collating unit 105 are drawn, put into buttress, and pushes to chopsticks outer package packing apparatus 107;

Chopsticks outer package packing apparatus 107: chopsticks are carried out outer package packing by specification, and chopsticks outsourcing installed are delivered on chopsticks lodging bench or conveyer belt.

Control centre 104: electrically connect with chopsticks feed mechanism 101, chopsticks paper sheath packaging system 102, chopsticks inner packing detecting device 103, chopsticks collating unit 105, chopsticks conveying mechanism 106 and chopsticks outer package packing apparatus 107, and control their running status.

With reference to Fig. 2, described chopsticks feed mechanism 101, including chopsticks hopper 1, discharge flapper 2, chopsticks thumb wheel 4, spring stay column, plectrum 5, frame 13 and the first transmission chain, the left side of described chopsticks hopper 1 is provided with drive motor of applying one's chopsticks to the food, and motor of applying one's chopsticks to the food is through the transmission rotating shaft with driving chopsticks thumb wheel 4 and plectrum 5;Described discharge flapper 2 is connected with chopsticks hopper 1 by hinge or rotating shaft, the spring stay column being connected with discharge flapper 2 it is provided with bottom it, it is provided with groove, it is simple to drive the installation of chopsticks thumb wheel 4 and allocate the chopsticks in chopsticks hopper 1 between discharge flapper 2 and chopsticks hopper 1;Described frame 13 is additionally provided with plectrum 5 and front apron 3;Described plectrum 5 is connected with transmission chain;Described first transmission chain end is connected with chopsticks paper sheath packaging system 102.

With reference to Fig. 2, chopsticks paper sheath packaging system 102, overlap display unit, paper set push pedal 9, transverse elasticity post 7 and the first air nozzle 6 including paper;Described paper set push pedal 9 is fixed in paper set display unit by transverse elasticity post 7;The junction of described paper set display unit and chopsticks feed mechanism 101 is provided with the first air nozzle 6, the front end of the gas outlet alignment paper set push pedal 9 of air nozzle;Described first air nozzle 6 is connected with the first air pump 12;Described paper set display unit end is connected with chopsticks conveyer belt.

The frame 13 that described paper overlaps push pedal 9 front end relative is provided with the first photoelectric detector 8, described first photoelectric detector 8 is connected with control centre 104, paper set limiting plate 10 it is provided with on the right side of paper set push pedal 9, described paper set limiting plate 10 overlaps display unit by rotating shaft 11 with paper and is connected, and described rotating shaft 11 is connected with control centre 104;Described first air nozzle 6 is 15 ° of angles with paper set display unit horizontal direction, and downward-sloping 10 ° of the first air nozzle 6 is arranged in frame 13.

With reference to Fig. 3, chopsticks inner packing detecting device 103, including the first air pump 12 and 1 the second air nozzle 17, described second air nozzle 17 is arranged on conveyer frames 16, horizontal direction and conveyer frames 16 are in 30 ° of angles, and inclining vertically downwards 10 °, the center transmitting line 19 in the middle part of the alignment conveyer frames 16 of its gas outlet, described second air nozzle 17 connects with the first air pump 12.The pipeline that described second air nozzle 17 connects with the first air pump 12 is provided with wind force regulating valve 14.

Described chopsticks inner packing detecting device 103 also includes the second photoelectric detector the 15, the 3rd photoelectric detector 18 and control centre 104, described second photoelectric detector 15 and the 3rd photoelectric detector 18 are arranged on conveyer frames 16, it is positioned at the both sides of the second air nozzle 17, both are separated by a distance transmits spacing distance sum equal to the length of chopsticks packing bag with adjacent chopsticks, and described control centre 104 and the second photoelectric detector the 15, the 3rd photoelectric detector 18 electrically connect.One end of described transmission line 19 is connected with the conveyer belt of chopsticks inner packing device end, and the other end is connected with chopsticks collating unit 105 through the second transmission chain 22;Transmit and be provided with press strip 21 between line 19 and the second transmission chain 22, one end of described press strip 21 is fixed on conveyer frames 16 by briquetting 20, its other end naturally turns rich and is pressed against above transmission chain, it is simple to chopsticks are that certain angle of inclination enters in chopsticks collating unit 105.

With reference to Fig. 4, chopsticks collating unit 105, including driving chain 26, arrangement frame, frame 13 and baffle plate 27, described arrangement frame is fixed on driving chain 26, and can rotate with driving chain 26, and the opening direction of arrangement frame is consistent with the transmission direction of driving chain 26;The rear end of described arrangement frame is provided with baffle plate 27;Described baffle plate 27 is provided with infrared inductor 28;The side of described driving chain 26 is provided with main driving wheel 25, and its opposite side is provided with from drive 29, described main driving wheel 25 and be fixed on frame 13 by support bar 24 from drive 29, and described main driving wheel 25 electrically connects with servomotor;Described infrared inductor 28, servomotor are connected with control centre 104;

With reference to Fig. 5, described arrangement frame is made up of some arrangement boards 23;Described arrangement board 23 is in " ㄥ " shape;Described arrangement board 23 is made up of base plate 23-1 and side plate 23-5, and base plate 23-1 and side plate 23-5 is formed in one plate, and the junction of described base plate 23-1 and side plate 23-5 is provided with arc angling 23-3;Described base plate 23-1 offers 2 fixing hole 23-2;The side 23-4 that one end of described side plate 23-5 is provided with, described base plate 23-1 is provided with hypotenuse 23-6 away from one end of side 23-4.

Described side 23-4 and side plate 23-5 bearing of trend are the angle of 120 °, and chopsticks enters and is placed in from the side of arrangement frame arrangement frame.Described hypotenuse 23-6 and base plate 23-1 bearing of trend are the angle of 120 °.

Chopsticks collating unit 105 also includes vertical limit device, and described vertical limit device includes cylinder 30, connecting rod 31, transverse frame plate 32 and pillar 33, and described cylinder 30 is set in one end of connecting rod 31, is positioned at the upper right side of arrangement frame;Described connecting rod 31 is fixed on transverse frame plate 32, and described transverse frame plate 32 is fixed on pillar 33, and can rotate around pillar 33 or move up and down on pillar 33.Vertical limit device can be prevented effectively from chopsticks and encounter, because inertia moves on arrangement board 23, the phenomenon that baffle plate 27 is beated when entering arrangement board 23.

With reference to Fig. 6, described chopsticks conveying mechanism 106 includes suction disc 34, push rod 39 and chopsticks display unit;Described suction disc 34 is connected with the second air pump 36, and is fixed on the first slide bar 37 by connecting rod 35, and moves forward and backward along the first slide bar 37, and the chopsticks on arrangement frame are drawn and moved in chopsticks display unit;Described push rod 39 is connected with hydraulic stem 38, is pushed to by the chopsticks in chopsticks display unit on chopsticks outer package packing apparatus 107;Described push rod 39 both sides are provided with postive stop baffle 40, and the right-hand member of described postive stop baffle 40 is provided with clamp 41.

With reference to Fig. 7, described chopsticks outer package packing apparatus 107 includes packaging bag pressing plate 46, bracing frame, the 3rd air nozzle 47, swinging strut 50, motor and transfer robot 43;One end of described packaging bag pressing plate 46 is fixed in the middle of frame 13, and other end end is provided with 2 the 3rd air nozzles 47;Described 3rd air nozzle 47 connects with the second air pump 36, support frame as described above includes the first frame plate 44 and the second frame plate 45 being separately fixed at frame 13 both sides, described first frame plate 44 and the second frame plate 45 are separately fixed on swinging strut 50, and rotate with the rotation of swinging strut 50, described swinging strut 50 is driven by motor and rotates;Described transfer robot 43 is fixed on the second slide bar 42, and moves left and right along the second slide bar 42, is sent to by the chopsticks pushed in packaging bag on chopsticks lodging bench or conveyer belt.

With reference to Fig. 8, first frame plate 44 and the second frame plate 45 are all made up of frame base plate 44-6, frame side plate 44-4, frame top board 44-7 and connecting plate 44-3, the front end of described frame base plate 44-6 and frame top board 44-7 is provided with 45 ° of inclined-plane 44-5, is provided with circular arc chamfering 44-1 with the junction of inclined-plane 44-5 and rear end in the middle part of it.Fix in the middle part of described connecting plate 44-3 and frame base plate 44-6 and be connected, which is provided with the fixed via 44-2 being connected with swinging strut 50;The anglec of rotation of the first frame plate 44 and the second frame plate 45 is 90 °.

Described 3rd air nozzle 47 is relatively to the centerline dip 8 ° of packaging bag pressing plate 46, it is simple to packaging bag blown open.

nullThe operation principle of a kind of fully automatic chopstick packer of the present invention and using method: chopsticks leave in chopsticks hopper 1,By regulating the length of spring stay column,The blanking velocity of chopsticks in chopsticks hopper 1 can be regulated,Chopsticks separate through the chopsticks thumb wheel 4 being positioned at groove and fall on transmission chain,After setting right then through plectrum 5,Communicated chain is sent to paper set display unit place,Simultaneously,Under the effect of the first air nozzle 6 air-flow, paper set opens,It is easy to chopsticks be inserted in paper set from the centre that paper overlaps,When the first photoelectric detector 8 detects that bamboo chopsticks have been completely nested in paper set,Then control centre 104 controls rotating shaft 11 and rotates,Paper set limiting plate 10 half-twist,Push pedal 9 is overlapped parallel with paper,Treat that paper is enclosed within the self gravitation effect of hygienic chopsticks and falls on conveyer belt,Paper set limiting plate 10 reverses 90 °,Push pedal 9 is overlapped vertical with paper;Correspondingly, the paper in paper set display unit is enclosed within the effect of transverse elasticity post 7 and moves forward, complete chopsticks and be automatically inserted into paper set.

After inserting the chopsticks entrance conveyer frames 16 of paper set, it is arranged on the air nozzle on conveyer frames 16, by to transmitting line 19 jet, if not loading chopsticks in chopsticks packing bag, its lighter weight, empty chopsticks packing bag then can be blown off and transmit line 19 by air nozzle air-flow out, it is possible to effectively prevents the chopsticks packing bag of sky from entering follow-up packing process, improves work efficiency.

The first photoelectric detector 8 and the second photoelectric detector 15 installed on conveyer frames 16, due to both length more than chopsticks packing bag separated by a distance, when the first photoelectric detector 8 and the second photoelectric detector 15 detect that the article transmitted on line 19 are chopsticks or chopsticks packing bag or do not have article, then it is qualified for illustrating that chopsticks are inserted in chopsticks packing bag;When the first photoelectric detector 8 and the second photoelectric detector 15 detect the article respectively chopsticks and chopsticks packing bag that transmit on line 19, then controller can send chopsticks and be inserted in underproof prompting message or vigilant the tinkle of bells, it is easy to staff and rejects the underproof product of packaging in time, improve the qualification rate of chopsticks packing in chopsticks packing process.

Chopsticks enter in arrangement board 23 by the second transmission chain 22 from the right side of arrangement frame, the baffle plate 27 of arrangement board 23 rear end is possible to prevent chopsticks to remove arrangement board 23 because of inertia, by rotating frame plate 32, the cylinder 30 making the end of connecting rod 31 is positioned at the top of arrangement board 23, and it is in a certain angle with arrangement board 23, adjust the frame plate 32 upright position on pillar 33 again, make cylinder 30 lower surface from the distance of arrangement board 23 less than or equal to 10cm, can collide with cylinder 30 when chopsticks are beated on arrangement board 23, chopsticks can be produced a vertical active force by cylinder 30, prevent chopsticks from beating and jump out arrangement board 23;Therefore, the arrangement top-right vertical limit device of frame is possible to prevent chopsticks to encounter baffle plate 27 when entering arrangement board 23 beat because inertia moves on arrangement board 23, and then guarantees that the chopsticks that transporter is sent on arrangement frame are neatly arranged on arrangement board 23;Simultaneously, infrared inductor 28 on baffle plate 27 will detect that the signal that chopsticks put in place occurs to control centre 104, control centre 104 starts servomotor, servomotor drives main driving wheel 25 to rotate, and then drive chain to rotate, arrangement frame is moved to the left the distance of an arrangement board 23 with chain rotation, lower a pair of chopsticks are delivered in a rear arrangement board 23 by transporter, repeat aforesaid operations, until the infrared inductor 28 of the whole or continuously arranged specified quantity on baffle plate 27 all occurs chopsticks to put signal in place to control centre 104, control centre 104 closes servomotor, chain stops operating, chopsticks on arrangement frame can pass through the unified absorption of suction means and leave arrangement frame, and then realize chopsticks serialization, the operation that dynamic arrangement is put.

nullWhen the chopsticks arranged on arrangement frame reach to set quantity,Control centre 104 starts motor and drives connecting rod 35 to drive suction disc 34 to move down (namely moving to arrangement frame),Second air pump 36 starts,Make generation negative pressure bottom suction disc 34,Then chopsticks are drawn by suction disc 34 from arrangement frame,Then mobile (namely from chopsticks arrangement frame to chopsticks display unit) backward along the first slide bar 37,When moving to above chopsticks display unit,Connecting rod 35 moves down,Then the second air pump 36 cuts out,Chopsticks bottom suction disc 34 are placed in chopsticks display unit,Repeat aforesaid operations for several times (such as,The chopsticks number that single suction disc 34 is drawn is 10 pairs,The specification of outer package is 100 pairs/bag,Then number of repetition is 10 times),Until when in chopsticks display unit, the quantity of chopsticks reaches the quantity that outer package is specified,Control centre 104 starts hydraulic means,Hydraulic stem 38 drives push rod 39 to move right,Chopsticks are moved to right by push rod 39 between postive stop baffle 40,And enter chopsticks outer package packing apparatus 107 by clamp 41.

nullThe side of packaging bag 48 opening of chopsticks outer package is depressed into below packaging bag pressing plate 46,And the 3rd air nozzle 47 be positioned at packaging bag 48 open side edges,Control to start the second air pump 36,Packaging bag 48 can be blown open by the 3rd air nozzle 47 blowing gas below packaging bag pressing plate 46,Then,Motor drives swinging strut 50 to rotate,Drive bracing frame half-twist,End in contact before the frame side plate 44-4 of the first frame plate 44 and the second frame plate 45 front end and packaging bag 48,Packaging bag 48 is strutted,So it is easy to push rod 39 chopsticks arranged are pushed packaging bag 48 carry out subpackage packaging from the first frame plate 44 and the second frame plate 45 rear end,Again through mobile transfer robot 43, packaged chopsticks are pushed on lodging bench 49,Then,Motor drives swinging strut 50 to reverse,Bracing frame is driven to reverse 90 °,3rd air nozzle 47 blowing gas again,Repeat aforesaid operations,Namely capable of circulation complete packaging bag 48 separately and support,Realize full-automation and complete paper set encapsulation and the outer package packing process of chopsticks.

One fully automatic chopstick packer of the present invention, separated by a distance according to the length of chopsticks and the spacing distance that transmits on line 19 between adjacent chopsticks, described second photoelectric detector 15 and the 3rd photoelectric detector 18 can also be 25cm, 26cm, 27.5cm or 30cm;When arranging multiple second air nozzle 17, the adjacent spacing distance between the second air nozzle 17 can also be 27cm, 28cm or 29cm;Material (such as papery and plastics) according to chopsticks packing bag is different with length, and the pressure of the air-flow of described second air nozzle 17 ejection can also be 0.3m/s, 0.4m/s or 0.6m/s;The angle of the structure according to chopsticks packing inside bag, described side 23-4 and side plate 23-5 bearing of trend can also be 130 °, 135 °, 140 ° or 150 °;Angle according to the installation site of infrared inductor 28 on baffle plate 27, described hypotenuse 23-6 and base plate 23-1 bearing of trend can also be 130 °, 135 °, 140 ° or 150 °, in order to the accurate detection of infrared inductor 28;The quantity of installing space according to the first frame plate 44 and the second frame plate 45 and subpackage packaging chopsticks, the front end of described frame base plate 44-6 and top board is also provided with the inclined-plane 44-5 of 35 °, 40 ° or 45 °;Described 3rd air nozzle 47 relatively to the centerline dip 3 ° of packaging bag pressing plate 46,8 °, 10 °, 12 ° or 15 °;The change of above technical characteristic, those skilled in the art is described by word and is appreciated that and implements, therefore is no longer separately illustrated as accompanying drawing.

Claims (10)

1. a fully automatic chopstick packer, it is characterised in that be made up of following unit:
Chopsticks feed mechanism: chopsticks be divided into single double; two and be fed to paper set display unit;
Chopsticks paper sheath packaging system: receive the chopsticks of chopsticks feed mechanism feed, and chopsticks are wrapped inside dress and process by paper using set;
Chopsticks inner packing detecting device: the chopsticks that detection chopsticks paper sheath packaging system transmits, and detect underproof sample and reject, qualified chopsticks are sent to chopsticks collating unit;
Chopsticks collating unit: by chopsticks good for inner packing by setting quantity proper alignment, including driving chain, arrangement frame, frame and baffle plate, described arrangement frame is fixed on driving chain, and can rotate with driving chain, and the opening direction of arrangement frame is consistent with the transmission direction of driving chain;The rear end of described arrangement frame is provided with baffle plate;Described baffle plate is provided with infrared inductor;The side of described driving chain is provided with main driving wheel, and its opposite side is provided with from drive, described main driving wheel and be fixed on frame by support bar from drive, and described main driving wheel electrically connects with servomotor;Described infrared inductor, servomotor are connected with control centre;
Chopsticks conveying mechanism: the chopsticks arranged on chopsticks collating unit are drawn, put into buttress, and pushes to chopsticks outer package packing apparatus;
Chopsticks outer package packing apparatus: chopsticks are carried out outer package packing by specification, and chopsticks outsourcing installed are delivered on chopsticks lodging bench or conveyer belt;
Control centre: electrically connect with chopsticks feed mechanism, chopsticks paper sheath packaging system, chopsticks inner packing detecting device, chopsticks collating unit, chopsticks conveying mechanism and chopsticks outer package packing apparatus, and control their running status.
2. fully automatic chopstick packer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described arrangement frame is made up of some arrangement boards;Described arrangement board is " ㄥ " shape;Described arrangement board is made up of base plate and side plate, and base plate and side plate are formed in one plate, and the junction of described base plate and side plate is provided with arc angling;Described base plate offers 2 or multiple fixing hole;The side that one end of described side plate is provided with, described base plate is provided with hypotenuse away from one end of side.
3. fully automatic chopstick packer as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described side and side plate bearing of trend are the angle of 120 ~ 150 °, chopsticks enters and is placed in from the side of arrangement frame arrangement frame;Described hypotenuse and base plate bearing of trend are the angle of 120 ~ 150 °.
4. fully automatic chopstick packer as described in any one of claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterized in that, chopsticks collating unit also includes vertical limit device, and described vertical limit device includes cylinder, connecting rod, transverse frame plate and pillar, described cylindrical sleeve is located at one end of connecting rod, is positioned at the upper right side of arrangement frame;Described connecting rod is fixed on transverse frame plate, and described transverse frame plate is fixed on pillar, and can rotate around pillar or move up and down on pillar.
5. fully automatic chopstick packer as described in any one of claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterized in that, described chopsticks feed mechanism, including chopsticks hopper, discharge flapper, chopsticks thumb wheel, spring stay column, plectrum, frame and transmission chain, the left side of described chopsticks hopper is provided with drive motor of applying one's chopsticks to the food, and motor of applying one's chopsticks to the food is through the transmission rotating shaft with driving chopsticks thumb wheel and plectrum;Described discharge flapper is connected with chopsticks hopper by hinge or rotating shaft, is provided with the spring stay column being connected with discharge flapper, is provided with groove between discharge flapper and chopsticks hopper bottom it, it is simple to drives the installation of chopsticks thumb wheel and allocates the chopsticks in chopsticks hopper;Described frame is additionally provided with plectrum and front apron;Described plectrum is connected with transmission chain;Described transmission chain end is connected with chopsticks paper sheath packaging system.
6. fully automatic chopstick packer as described in any one of claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterised in that described chopsticks paper sheath packaging system, overlaps display unit, paper set push pedal, transverse elasticity post and the first air nozzle including paper;The set push pedal of described paper is fixed in paper set display unit by transverse elasticity post;The junction of described paper set display unit and chopsticks feed mechanism is provided with the first air nozzle, the front end of the gas outlet alignment paper set push pedal of air nozzle;Described first air nozzle and the first air pump connect;Described paper set display unit end is connected with chopsticks conveyer belt.
7. fully automatic chopstick packer as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, the frame that described paper overlaps push pedal front end relative is provided with the first photoelectric detector, described first photoelectric detector is connected with control centre, paper set limiting plate it is provided with on the right side of paper set push pedal, described paper set limiting plate overlaps display unit by rotating shaft with paper and is connected, and described rotating shaft is connected with control centre;Described first air nozzle is 15 ~ 45 ° of angles with paper set display unit horizontal direction, and downward-sloping 5 ~ 10 ° of the first air nozzle is arranged in frame.
8. fully automatic chopstick packer as described in any one of claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterized in that, chopsticks inner packing detecting device, including the first air pump and at least 1 the second air nozzle, described second air nozzle is arranged on conveyer frames, and horizontal direction and conveyer frames are 30 ~ 45 ° of angles, and inclining vertically downwards 5 ~ 10 °, the center transmitting line in the middle part of the alignment conveyer frames of its gas outlet, described air nozzle and the connection of the first air pump;Also include the second photoelectric detector, the 3rd photoelectric detector and control centre, described second photoelectric detector and the 3rd photoelectric detector are arranged on conveyer frames, it is positioned at the both sides of the second air nozzle, both spacing distance sums that transmit with adjacent chopsticks equal to the length of chopsticks packing bag separated by a distance, described control centre and the second photoelectric detector, the 3rd photoelectric detector electrical connection.
9. fully automatic chopstick packer as described in any one of claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterised in that described chopsticks conveying mechanism includes suction disc, push rod and chopsticks display unit;Described suction disc and the second air pump connect, and are fixed on the first slide bar, and move forward and backward along the first slide bar, and the chopsticks on arrangement frame are drawn and moved in chopsticks display unit;Described push rod is connected with hydraulic stem, is pushed to by the chopsticks in chopsticks display unit on chopsticks outer package packing apparatus.
10. fully automatic chopstick packer as described in any one of claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterised in that described chopsticks outer package packing apparatus includes packaging bag pressing plate, bracing frame, the 3rd air nozzle, swinging strut, motor and transfer robot;One end of described packaging bag pressing plate is fixed in the middle of frame, and other end end is provided with 2 the 3rd air nozzles;Described 3rd air nozzle and the connection of the second air pump, support frame as described above includes the first frame plate and the second frame plate that are separately fixed at frame both sides, described first frame plate and the second frame plate are separately fixed on swinging strut, and rotate with the rotation of swinging strut, and described swinging strut is driven by motor and rotates;Described transfer robot is fixed on the second slide bar, and moves left and right along the second slide bar, is sent to by the chopsticks pushed in packaging bag on chopsticks lodging bench or conveyer belt;Described first frame plate and the second frame plate are all made up of frame base plate, frame side plate, frame top board and connecting plate, and the front end of described frame base plate and frame top board is provided with 30 ~ 45 ° of inclined-planes, are provided with circular arc chamfering with the junction of inclined-plane and rear end in the middle part of it;Described connecting plate is fixing with in the middle part of frame base plate to be connected, and which is provided with the fixed via being connected with swinging strut;The anglec of rotation of the first frame plate and the second frame plate is 90 °;Described 3rd air nozzle is relatively to the centerline dip 3 ~ 15 ° of packaging bag pressing plate, it is simple to packaging bag blown open.
CN201610310291.3A 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 A kind of fully automatic chopstick packing machine CN105775189B (en)

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CN106218986A (en) * 2016-09-06 2016-12-14 长沙高汇环保科技有限公司 Cleaning device material automatic testing method
CN106275638A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-01-04 长沙高汇环保科技有限公司 Conveying arrangement material detection method
CN106395023A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-15 长沙高汇环保科技有限公司 Full-automatic material detecting method
CN106395025A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-15 长沙高汇环保科技有限公司 Cleaning device running abnormity detecting method
CN106809630A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-06-09 东莞市秦智工业设计有限公司 A kind of intelligence reason chopsticks machine

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CN202686791U (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-01-23 周忠学 Composite type chopstick packaging machine
CN204654851U (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-09-23 周家新 Chopsticks arrange separator, chopsticks all-in-one
CN205738191U (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-11-30 长沙世通纸塑箸业有限公司 A kind of fully automatic chopstick packer

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201132615Y (en) * 2007-10-11 2008-10-15 卢伟 Chopstick auto-listerized packaging machine
CN102431789A (en) * 2011-09-15 2012-05-02 浙江大学台州研究院 Feeding tidying device for fully-automatic chopstick tidying and washing machine
CN202686791U (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-01-23 周忠学 Composite type chopstick packaging machine
CN204654851U (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-09-23 周家新 Chopsticks arrange separator, chopsticks all-in-one
CN205738191U (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-11-30 长沙世通纸塑箸业有限公司 A kind of fully automatic chopstick packer

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106218986A (en) * 2016-09-06 2016-12-14 长沙高汇环保科技有限公司 Cleaning device material automatic testing method
CN106275638A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-01-04 长沙高汇环保科技有限公司 Conveying arrangement material detection method
CN106395023A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-15 长沙高汇环保科技有限公司 Full-automatic material detecting method
CN106395025A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-15 长沙高汇环保科技有限公司 Cleaning device running abnormity detecting method
CN106218986B (en) * 2016-09-06 2018-04-13 长沙高汇环保科技有限公司 Cleaning device material automatic testing method
CN106809630A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-06-09 东莞市秦智工业设计有限公司 A kind of intelligence reason chopsticks machine
CN106809630B (en) * 2016-12-31 2019-01-04 林宝领 A kind of intelligence reason chopsticks machine

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