CN105766520A - Cultivating method for fast foresting of tea trees - Google Patents

Cultivating method for fast foresting of tea trees Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105766520A
CN105766520A CN201610147137.9A CN201610147137A CN105766520A CN 105766520 A CN105766520 A CN 105766520A CN 201610147137 A CN201610147137 A CN 201610147137A CN 105766520 A CN105766520 A CN 105766520A
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China
Prior art keywords
tea
tree
shoot
soil
forest
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Pending
Application number
CN201610147137.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王润贤
何爱华
王春红
王裕杰
吴颖妍
陈莹
魏继燕
周煜
狄秀华
王滤婷
杨士虎
刘国华
蒋为民
段丽鸣
姜露
吴德清
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Liyang Jinquan Ecological Science & Technology Park Co Ltd
Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
Original Assignee
Liyang Jinquan Ecological Science & Technology Park Co Ltd
Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Liyang Jinquan Ecological Science & Technology Park Co Ltd, Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry filed Critical Liyang Jinquan Ecological Science & Technology Park Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610147137.9A priority Critical patent/CN105766520A/en
Publication of CN105766520A publication Critical patent/CN105766520A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

A cultivating method for fast foresting of tea trees is characterized by comprising the following steps that firstly, a northward barren mountain land slope is selected as a tea garden; secondly, a perfect water conservancy system is constructed; thirdly, holes are directly punched in uncultured soil along the contour line 20-35 days before the Tomb Sweeping Day every year, and the tea trees are prepared to be planted; fourthly, after being planted, tea seedlings are watered enough for rooting; fifthly, afforestation is carried out; sixthly, base fertilizer ditches with the width not larger than 5 cm and the depth not smaller than 10 cm are dug in the position 10 cm to 20 cm away from the seedling roots; seventhly, the roots of the tea seedlings are started to be hilled 5-10 days after application of base fertilizer; eighthly, pinching pruning is carried out 5-6 months after field planting and surviving of the tea seedlings; ninthly, insect diseases need to be prevented in time in the growing process of the tea seedlings; tenthly, heat preservation needs to be noticed in spring and winter, and cold spell in the later spring is prevented.According to the method, the forest establishment period of tea can be shortened.

Description

Tea tree quickly grows into forest cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tree plant cultivation technology, the technology of growing into forest of especially one each new varieties tea tree, specifically a kind of tea tree quickly grows into forest cultural method.
Background technology
It is known that tea is one of current big drink of the mankind three, drinking tea and be of value to the healthy of people, its Main Function is: excitement relieves tiredness, diuresis improving eyesight, and removing toxic substances is quenched the thirst, promoting digestion greasy, and benefit is thought to sleep less, has additional nutrients, opposing aging, and step-down fat-reducing is strengthened blood vessel, pressed down cancer.The famous little title of nutritionist Yu Ruo " tea is the best beverage that the Nature gives the mankind ".But recent years, Famous High-quality Tea developed rapidly, people pursue high-quality life, and new, good Cultivar replacing is regenerated the fastest.Traditional planting technology, it is implanted to gather it is generally required to 2-3 from tea shoot, and survival rate is low, yield is the highest, on the other hand, the oldest tea place be also badly in need of opening up wasteland again training fill new tea place, if carry out tea woods cultivation by traditional method can not meet the most far away the needs of people, to this end, in order to cater to people's demand, must the speed of growing into forest of tea tree soon, to adapt to social development.Seize market in advance, increase economic benefit.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to for existing tea tree cycle of growing into forest long, it is impossible to adapt to people's demand to new product, a kind of tea tree of invention quickly grows into forest cultural method.
The technical scheme is that
A kind of tea tree quickly grows into forest cultural method, it is characterized in that it comprises the following steps:
First, selecting the hillside, mountain waste being exposed to the north as tea place, the gradient on hillside is between 20-80 degree;
Secondly, the water conservancy system of Erecting and improving, a cistern to be built in tea place, in tea place, build gutter, in order to rainwater is discharged by the rainy day in time;
3rd, annual clear and bright before within 20-35 days, directly beat cave along contour on soil and prepare cultivation tea tree not opening up wasteland, the cave of adjacent lines is staggered;The mode using more than the double strain in single cave carries out tea shoot field planting;After field planting, collar is from soil table distance about 3-5cm: when planting seedling, one hand pinches tea shoot, an other hand digs deeper at the pool, the cave spud accomplished fluently, seedling is positioned in little soil pit, covers into half soil, then little sapling is mentioned the most gently, root system is allowed to unfold, again soil is tracked tramping, the most again earthing, again track tramping the new soil of tea shoot surrounding, earthing again, tamps root with hoe;Treating that the whole field planting of a line tea seedling is good, check, both feet step down in the both sides of seedling, and a road is trespassed, and after the soil on tea shoot both sides tracks tramping, two fingers are clutched tea shoot and are unable to lift;
4th, after having planted tea shoot, water foot immediately and determine root water, and prune, height is to stay (7~8) sheet leaf to be advisable, and high pinching is adopted;
5th, plant trees, shade tree to be planted between every two row tea shoots;Tea place should be built shelter-forest, main roads, irrigation canals and ditches both sides plantation shade tree;
6th, field planting checked that tea shoot survives situation after 30-40 days, should reseed in time if any dead seedling;Simultaneously it is being less than 5 centimetres from shoot root 10-20 centimeters excavation is wide, the degree of depth base fertilizer ditch not less than 10 centimetres, by the consumption of every mu of 3-5 kilogram of rapeseed cake, rapeseed cake is melted into water and injects in ditch tea shoot is applied fertilizer to the subsoil;Applied fertilizer to the subsoil once in this way every 1-2 month later;
7th;Base fertilizer has been executed 5-10 days and has been started tea shoot root is carried out hilling, and wide from often row top plane 1-2 centimetre with spud during hilling, 5 centimeters of thick soil are to descending tea tree limit;Every 20-30 days hillings the most once, its purpose is exactly the root system promoting resting bud length to make new advances, and root system increases, absorption nutrition is fast, and nutrition makes its Fast Growth, every Yong Yici soil in entering tea tree body continually, longer of tea shoot, the anniversary the most quickly grows into forest, and reaches harvesting demand;
8th, carry out, after tea shoot field planting survives 5-6 month, pruning of pinching, pinch for the first time and after pruning, should ensure that the height of tea shoot is not less than 40 centimetres, pruning pinch every month once later, pinch the height after pruning should previous second highest at least 3 centimetres of ratio, i.e. stop pinching pruning until tea tree in winter stops growing;
9th, tea shoot growth course is wanted timely prevention and elimination of disease and pests, uses biological control to eliminate pest and disease damage;
Tenth, winter in spring, it is noted that insulation, prevents cold spell in later spring, at tea shoot root lay straw effect insulation material, after Second Year beginning of spring, removes straw, and plucks tea tree and be affixed by a fertilizer or composite fertilizer in first 1 month.
Described shelter-forest includes major-minor shelter-forest, sets a main shelter belt every 300 meters, sets a secondary shelter belt, main shelter-forest bandwidth 15 meters, secondary shelter-forest bandwidth 2 meters every 150 meters;The seeds in major and minor shelter belt are Piao Shu, sweet osmanthus, one or more in beech tree or shank relative, they mobile jibs are substantially, degree of shading is moderate, should not infect pest and disease damage.
The described distance between the tea cave often gone is not less than 15 centimetres, and the distance between row and row is 1-1.5 rice.
Shade tree is that Liriodendron chinense, paulownia, tung oil seed tree class shade tree to alleviate severe winter (less than-8 DEG C) and high temperature (38 DEG C) impact on growth of tea plant.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The present invention can be greatly shortened the cycle of growing into forest, and was shortened to about 1 year from more than 3 years traditional (harvesting) time of growing into forest, substantially increases economic benefit.
The method of the present invention is conducive to the exploitation of new lines tea grove, shortens the new product test period.
The cultivation technique of the present invention can promote that root system is fast-developing, improves survival rate and the speed of growth.
The present invention finds to select the hillside fields being exposed to the north to be more beneficial for quickly growing into forest by lot of experiments, and it can prevent the impact that tea shoot is grown by summer high temperature, and hillside fields is conducive to draining, will not produce rotten at south plum rain season and affect the problem that tea shoot grows.
The present invention uses periodically trench digging that tea shoot root is imposed organic base fertilizer, can promote root system development, accelerate the speed of growth.
The present invention creatively directly plants tea shoot in Shang Da cave, unreclaimed mountain waste, makes full use of the organic matter of accumulation in original soil, and can prevent erosion, beneficially quickly the surviving of tea shoot, and improves survival rate.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.
A kind of tea tree quickly grows into forest cultural method, and it comprises the following steps:
A kind of white tea new product tea tree quickly grows into forest cultural method, and it comprises the following steps:
First, selecting the hillside, unreclaimed deserted mountain that is exposed to the north as tea place, the gradient on hillside is between 20-80 degree, and wherein to be optimal between 30-60 degree, this hillside fields is conducive to Quick drainage, can guarantee that plum rain season does not has ponding, will not rotten;And traditional plantation is usually the choosing gentle slope towards south;
Secondly, the water conservancy system of Erecting and improving, a cistern will be built in tea place, cistern can use vat water receiving or manually build, there are pool or running water near if, cistern can not be built, and replace with pool or running water, to meet the demand that periodically water in tea place and duty is watered;For the ease of draining, therefore in tea place surrounding to be built and longitudinal and transverse gutter, in order to rainwater is discharged by the rainy day in time;
3rd, not the most in advance with digging machine or the tea place of manually ploughing deeply new plantation mountain waste preparation, should directly beat cave on soil and plant tea tree more preferably not opening up wasteland, when beating cave, cave formation tea row should be beaten along contour, between adjacent tea row the most staggered, i.e. the acupuncture point of lastrow is between two caves of next line.
4th, before annual Clear and Bright, 20-35 days edges are beaten cave and plant tea shoot, the mode using more than the double strain in single cave carries out tea shoot field planting and (plants two or above tea shoot in the most each cave, to improve planting density, improve yield), distance between the tea cave often gone is not less than 15 centimetres, and the distance between row and row is 1-1.5 rice;After field planting, collar is from soil table distance about 3-5cm: when planting seedling, one hand pinches tea shoot, an other hand digs deeper at the pool, the cave spud accomplished fluently, seedling is positioned in little soil pit, covers into half soil, then little sapling is mentioned the most gently, root system is allowed to unfold, again soil is tracked tramping, the most again earthing, again track tramping the new soil of tea shoot surrounding, earthing again, tamps root with hoe;Treating that the whole field planting of a line tea seedling is good, check, both feet step down in the both sides of seedling, and a road is trespassed, and after the soil on tea shoot both sides tracks tramping, two fingers are clutched tea shoot and are unable to lift;
5th, after having planted tea shoot, water foot immediately and determine root water, and prune, height is to stay (7~8) sheet leaf to be advisable, and high pinching is adopted;
6th, to plant trees, shade tree to be planted between every two row tea shoots, shade tree is that Liriodendron chinense, paulownia, tung oil seed tree class shade tree to alleviate severe winter (less than-8 DEG C) and high temperature (38 DEG C) impact on growth of tea plant.Tea place should be built shelter-forest, main roads, irrigation canals and ditches both sides plantation shade tree;Shelter-forest includes major and minor shelter-forest, sets a main shelter belt every 300 meters, sets a secondary shelter belt, main shelter-forest bandwidth 15 meters, secondary shelter-forest bandwidth 2 meters every 150 meters;The seeds in major and minor shelter belt are Piao Shu, sweet osmanthus, one or more in beech tree or shank relative, they mobile jibs are substantially, degree of shading is moderate, should not infect pest and disease damage.
7th, field planting checked that tea shoot survives situation after 30-40 days, should reseed in time if any dead seedling;Simultaneously it is being less than 5 centimetres from shoot root 10-20 centimeters excavation is wide, the degree of depth base fertilizer ditch not less than 10 centimetres, by the consumption of every mu of 3-5 kilogram of rapeseed cake, rapeseed cake is melted into water and injects in ditch tea shoot is applied fertilizer to the subsoil;Applied fertilizer to the subsoil once in this way every 1-2 month later, if the blocking of base fertilizer ditch, should again excavate;
8th;Base fertilizer has been executed 5-10 days and has been started tea shoot root is carried out hilling, and wide from often row top plane 1-2 centimetre with spud during hilling, 5 centimeters of thick soil are to descending tea tree limit;Every 20-30 days hillings the most once, its purpose is exactly the root system promoting resting bud length to make new advances, and root system increases, absorption nutrition is fast, and nutrition makes its Fast Growth in entering tea tree body continually, often stops up once soil, longer of tea shoot, the anniversary the most quickly grows into forest, and reaches harvesting demand;
9th, carry out, after tea shoot field planting survives 5-6 month, pruning of pinching, pinch for the first time and after pruning, should ensure that the height of tea shoot, not less than 40 centimetres, forms skeleton.Pinch every month later pruning once, pinch the height after pruning should previous second highest at least 3 centimetres of ratio, until tea tree in winter stops growing and i.e. stops pinching pruning;
Tenth, in tea shoot growth course, want timely prevention and elimination of disease and pests, whole process biological control should be used to eliminate pest and disease damage, use light trap, the method such as worm, instruction bird predation of controlling with worm to eliminate pest and disease damage, prevent from causing residues of pesticides because using pesticide control, it is achieved real organic farming;
11st, winter is it is noted that be incubated, and grasp weather is strictly on guard against cold spell in later spring in time, can use and make insulation material at tea shoot root lay straw, after Second Year temperature in the beginning of spring is stable, then removes straw, and within first 1 month, is affixed by a fertilizer or composite fertilizer in tea tree harvesting.
After tea shoot survives, in addition to reference to above-mentioned special measure, the daily planting measure such as remaining fertilising, weeding (be manually main, disable chemical herbicide), irrigation is same as the prior art or carries out with reference to prior art.
Method and the conventional method cultivation to a white tea new product through the present invention, the white tea new product that mode of the present invention is cultivated can pluck listing through 1 year, the same a collection of tea shoot that traditional approach is cultivated then can be only achieved harvesting requirement through 3 years, both color, smell and taste are essentially identical, and the tealeaves of the inventive method is the most slightly better than traditional approach on conformity.Its amino acid content is identical with micronutrient levels.The economic benefit of the present invention improves 3 times.
Part that the present invention does not relate to is the most same as the prior art maybe can use prior art to be realized.

Claims (4)

1. tea tree quickly grows into forest a cultural method, it is characterized in that it comprises the following steps:
First, selecting the hillside, mountain waste being exposed to the north as tea place, the gradient on hillside is between 20-80 degree;
Secondly, the water conservancy system of Erecting and improving, a cistern to be built in tea place, in tea place, build gutter, in order to rainwater is discharged by the rainy day in time;
3rd, annual clear and bright before within 20-35 days, directly beat cave along contour on soil and prepare cultivation tea tree not opening up wasteland, the cave of adjacent lines is staggered;The mode using more than the double strain in single cave carries out tea shoot field planting;After field planting, collar is from soil table distance about 3-5cm: when planting seedling, one hand pinches tea shoot, an other hand digs deeper at the pool, the cave spud accomplished fluently, seedling is positioned in little soil pit, covers into half soil, then little sapling is mentioned the most gently, root system is allowed to unfold, again soil is tracked tramping, the most again earthing, again track tramping the new soil of tea shoot surrounding, earthing again, tamps root with hoe;Treating that the whole field planting of a line tea seedling is good, check, both feet step down in the both sides of seedling, and a road is trespassed, and after the soil on tea shoot both sides tracks tramping, two fingers are clutched tea shoot and are unable to lift;
4th, after having planted tea shoot, water foot immediately and determine root water, and prune, height is to stay (7~8) sheet leaf to be advisable, and high pinching is adopted;
5th, plant trees, shade tree to be planted between every two row tea shoots;Tea place should be built shelter-forest, main roads, irrigation canals and ditches both sides plantation shade tree;
6th, field planting checked that tea shoot survives situation after 30-40 days, should reseed in time if any dead seedling;Simultaneously it is being less than 5 centimetres from shoot root 10-20 centimeters excavation is wide, the degree of depth base fertilizer ditch not less than 10 centimetres, by the consumption of every mu of 3-5 kilogram of rapeseed cake, rapeseed cake is melted into water and injects in ditch tea shoot is applied fertilizer to the subsoil;Applied fertilizer to the subsoil once in this way every 1-2 month later;
7th;Base fertilizer has been executed 5-10 days and has been started tea shoot root is carried out hilling, and wide from often row top plane 1-2 centimetre with spud during hilling, 5 centimeters of thick soil are to descending tea tree limit;Every 20-30 days hillings the most once, its purpose is exactly the root system promoting resting bud length to make new advances, and root system increases, absorption nutrition is fast, and nutrition makes its Fast Growth, every Yong Yici soil in entering tea tree body continually, longer of tea shoot, the anniversary the most quickly grows into forest, and reaches harvesting demand;
8th, carry out, after tea shoot field planting survives 5-6 month, pruning of pinching, pinch for the first time and after pruning, should ensure that the height of tea shoot is not less than 40 centimetres, pruning pinch every month once later, pinch the height after pruning should previous second highest at least 3 centimetres of ratio, i.e. stop pinching pruning until tea tree in winter stops growing;
9th, tea shoot growth course is wanted timely prevention and elimination of disease and pests, uses biological control to eliminate pest and disease damage;
Tenth, winter in spring, it is noted that insulation, prevents cold spell in later spring, at tea shoot root lay straw effect insulation material, after Second Year beginning of spring, removes straw, and plucks tea tree and be affixed by a fertilizer or composite fertilizer in first 1 month.
Method the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that described shelter-forest includes major-minor shelter-forest, sets a main shelter belt every 300 meters, sets a secondary shelter belt, main shelter-forest bandwidth 15 meters, secondary shelter-forest bandwidth 2 meters every 150 meters;The seeds in major and minor shelter belt are Piao Shu, sweet osmanthus, one or more in beech tree or shank relative, they mobile jibs are substantially, degree of shading is moderate, should not infect pest and disease damage.
Method the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that the distance between the described tea cave often gone is not less than 15 centimetres, and the distance between row and row is 1-1.5 rice.
Method the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that shade tree is that Liriodendron chinense, paulownia, tung oil seed tree class shade tree to alleviate severe winter (less than-8 DEG C) and high temperature (38 DEG C) impact on growth of tea plant.
CN201610147137.9A 2016-03-16 2016-03-16 Cultivating method for fast foresting of tea trees Pending CN105766520A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107094580A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-08-29 四川农业大学 It is a kind of tea tree is done sth. in advance the breeding method gone into operation
CN110050623A (en) * 2018-01-19 2019-07-26 普安县红星村跑马地茶叶种植农民专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of intensive tea tree Cheng Yuan

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CN104285659A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-01-21 王春红 Organic tea cultivating method
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CN103688702A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-04-02 苏州市相城区渭塘凤凰泾农业发展有限公司 Planting method for tea
CN104285659A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-01-21 王春红 Organic tea cultivating method
CN105359925A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-02 黄山市徽州区浮溪人家茶业有限公司 Method for increasing transplanting survival rate of old tea trees

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107094580A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-08-29 四川农业大学 It is a kind of tea tree is done sth. in advance the breeding method gone into operation
CN110050623A (en) * 2018-01-19 2019-07-26 普安县红星村跑马地茶叶种植农民专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of intensive tea tree Cheng Yuan

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