CN105763214A - Mobile terminal and communication processing method thereof - Google Patents

Mobile terminal and communication processing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105763214A
CN105763214A CN201610064337.8A CN201610064337A CN105763214A CN 105763214 A CN105763214 A CN 105763214A CN 201610064337 A CN201610064337 A CN 201610064337A CN 105763214 A CN105763214 A CN 105763214A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
antenna
housing
accommodation space
feed port
grounding ports
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CN201610064337.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105763214B (en
Inventor
张昌顺
李鹏鹏
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努比亚技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201610064337.8A priority Critical patent/CN105763214B/en
Publication of CN105763214A publication Critical patent/CN105763214A/en
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Publication of CN105763214B publication Critical patent/CN105763214B/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/38Transceivers, i.e. devices in which transmitter and receiver form a structural unit and in which at least one part is used for functions of transmitting and receiving
    • H04B1/3827Portable transceivers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/005Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission adapting radio receivers, transmitters andtransceivers for operation on two or more bands, i.e. frequency ranges
    • H04B1/0053Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission adapting radio receivers, transmitters andtransceivers for operation on two or more bands, i.e. frequency ranges with common antenna for more than one band
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/005Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission adapting radio receivers, transmitters andtransceivers for operation on two or more bands, i.e. frequency ranges
    • H04B1/0053Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission adapting radio receivers, transmitters andtransceivers for operation on two or more bands, i.e. frequency ranges with common antenna for more than one band
    • H04B1/006Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission adapting radio receivers, transmitters andtransceivers for operation on two or more bands, i.e. frequency ranges with common antenna for more than one band using switches for selecting the desired band
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/0413MIMO systems

Abstract

The present invention discloses a mobile terminal and a communication processing method thereof. The mobile terminal comprises housing made of metal materials and provided with slits; an MIMO antenna, a GPS antenna and a WiFi antenna are arranged in the holding space of the housing, and the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna have co-irradiation structures; a grounding port corresponding to the MIMO antenna and feed ports corresponding to the MIMO antenna, the GPS antenna and the WiFi antenna are correspondingly arranged in the holding space of the hosing; matching circuits corresponding to the ground port and the feed ports are arranged in the holding space of the housing; a controller and a wireless communication unit are arranged in the holding space of the housing; and the controller is configured to control the state of the grounding port and the feed ports, regulate the matching circuits corresponding to the controlled grounding port and the feed ports, and control the communication with different frequency ranges of the wireless communication unit through the antennas. According to the invention, the communication of types of antennas of an all-metal mobile terminal is realized.

Description

Mobile terminal and communication processing method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to the antenna technology of the communications field, particularly relate to a kind of mobile terminal and communication processing method thereof.

Background technology

At present, the mobile terminal of full metal jacket due to good looking appearance, structural strength is big, heat conductivility is superior and enjoys the favor of domestic and international manufacturer.But, along with the increase of metal coverage rate ratio, thickness is more and more thinner, and accordingly, the space leaving mobile terminal antenna design for is more and more less, thus significantly increasing the design difficulty of mobile terminal antenna.Simultaneously, in order to promote the performance of antenna, meet the application demand of consumer, need in all-metal terminal, realize diversity antenna, GPS (GPS, GlobalPositioningSystem) antenna and Wireless Fidelity (WiFi, WirelessFidelity) the polytype Antenna Design of antenna, this just further adds the difficulty of mobile terminal antenna design.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of mobile terminal and communication processing method thereof, it is possible to realizes all-metal mobile terminal and realizes the communication of polytype antenna.

First aspect, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of mobile terminal, and described mobile terminal includes:

Housing, described housing adopts metal material, including top shell, central enclosure and bottom shell, offers gap between described top shell and described central enclosure and between described central enclosure and described bottom shell;

The accommodation space of described housing is provided with mimo antenna, gps antenna and WiFi antenna, described gps antenna and described mimo antenna irradiation structure altogether;

The accommodation space of described housing is correspondingly arranged on the feed port that the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna is corresponding with described mimo antenna, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna;The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the match circuit corresponding with described grounding ports, described feed port;

The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with controller and wireless communication unit;

Described controller, for controlling and the state of described grounding ports and described feed port, regulates the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and controls described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna.

Preferably, said two gap is at the positional symmetry of described housing, or said two gap is asymmetric in the position of described housing.

Preferably, the accommodation space of the top accommodation space of described housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and feed port, the bottom accommodation space of described housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and feed port;

The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described mimo antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described mimo antenna;

Described wireless communication unit includes mobile communication module;

Described controller, it is additionally operable to control the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna be off, control the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and be in feed condition, and regulate the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described mimo antenna, make described mobile communication module carry out the mobile communication of the first frequency range via described mimo antenna;

Described controller, it is additionally operable to control the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna in the conduction state, control the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and be in feed condition, regulate the match circuit corresponding to grounding ports of match circuit corresponding to the feed port of described mimo antenna, described mimo antenna, making described mobile communication module carry out the mobile communication of the second frequency range via described mimo antenna, described second frequency range is higher than described first frequency range.

Preferably, described wireless communication unit includes positional information module;

Described controller, the feed port being additionally operable to control described gps antenna is in feed condition, regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described gps antenna, makes described positional information module receive gps signal via described gps antenna.

Preferably, the accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the grounding ports corresponding with described gps antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described gps antenna;

Described controller, the feed port being additionally operable to control described gps antenna is in feed condition, the grounding ports controlling described gps antenna is in ground state, regulate the match circuit that the grounding ports of the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described gps antenna and described gps antenna is corresponding, make described positional information module receive gps signal via described gps antenna.

Preferably, described wireless communication unit includes wireless Internet module;

Described controller, the feed port being additionally operable to control described WiFi antenna is in feed condition, regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described WiFi antenna, makes described wireless Internet module carry out the communication of WiFi two-band via described WiFi antenna.

Preferably, the accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described WiFi antenna;

Described controller, the feed port being additionally operable to control described WiFi antenna is in feed condition, the grounding ports controlling described WiFi antenna is in ground state, regulate the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described WiFi antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described WiFi antenna, make described wireless Internet module carry out the communication of WiFi two-band via described WiFi antenna.

Preferably, described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the second side of the top accommodation space of described housing, and top accommodation space first side of described housing is symmetrical with the second side of the top accommodation space of described housing;Or,

Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the second side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, and bottom accommodation space first side of described housing is symmetrical with the second side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing;Or,

Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, and the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing is symmetrical with the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing.

Preferably, in the accommodation space of described housing the drain pan of central enclosure is provided with as described in ground strip corresponding to mimo antenna or ground connection decoupling circuit, the signal for realizing described mimo antenna and described WiFi antenna is isolated.

Second aspect, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of communication processing method for mobile terminal, and described mobile terminal includes:

Housing, described housing adopts metal material, including top shell, central enclosure and bottom shell, offers gap between described top shell and described central enclosure and between described central enclosure and described bottom shell;

The accommodation space of described housing is provided with mimo antenna, gps antenna and WiFi antenna, described gps antenna and described mimo antenna irradiation structure altogether;

The accommodation space of described housing is correspondingly arranged on the feed port that the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna is corresponding with described mimo antenna, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna;The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the match circuit corresponding with described grounding ports, described feed port;

The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with controller and wireless communication unit;

Described method includes:

Described controller controls the state with described grounding ports and described feed port, regulates the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and controls described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna.

Preferably, the accommodation space of the top accommodation space of described housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and feed port, the bottom accommodation space of described housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and feed port;

Described wireless communication unit includes mobile communication module;

Described controller controls the state with described grounding ports and described feed port, regulate the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and control described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna, including:

Described controller controls the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and is off, control the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and be in feed condition, regulate the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described mimo antenna, make described mobile communication module carry out the mobile communication of the first frequency range via described mimo antenna;

It is in the conduction state that described controller controls the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna, control the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and be in feed condition, regulate match circuit corresponding to the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described mimo antenna, making described mobile communication module carry out the mobile communication of the second frequency range via described mimo antenna, described second frequency range is higher than described first frequency range.

Preferably, described wireless communication unit includes positional information module;

Described controller controls the state with described grounding ports and described feed port, regulate the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and control described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna, including:

Described controller controls the feed port of described gps antenna and is in feed condition, regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described gps antenna, makes described positional information module receive gps signal via described gps antenna.

Preferably, the accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described gps antenna;

Described method also includes:

Described controller controls the grounding ports of described gps antenna and is in ground state, regulate the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described gps antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described gps antenna, make described positional information module receive gps signal via described gps antenna.

Preferably, described wireless communication unit includes wireless Internet module;

Described controller controls the state with described grounding ports and described feed port, regulate the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and control described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna, including:

Described controller controls the feed port of described WiFi antenna and is in feed condition, regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described WiFi antenna, makes described wireless Internet module carry out the communication of WiFi two-band via described WiFi antenna.

Preferably, the accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described WiFi antenna with the grounding ports of described WiFi antenna;

Described method also includes:

Described controller controls the feed port of described WiFi antenna and is in feed condition, regulate the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described WiFi antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described WiFi antenna, make described wireless Internet module carry out the communication of WiFi two-band via described WiFi antenna.

Preferably, described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the second side of the top accommodation space of described housing, and top accommodation space first side of described housing is symmetrical with the second side of the top accommodation space of described housing;Or,

Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the second side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, and bottom accommodation space first side of described housing is symmetrical with the second side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing;Or,

Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, and the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing is symmetrical with the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing.

Preferably, in the accommodation space of described housing the drain pan of central enclosure is provided with as described in ground strip corresponding to mimo antenna or ground connection decoupling circuit, described method also includes: the signal realizing described mimo antenna and described WiFi antenna based on described ground strip or described ground connection decoupling circuit is isolated.

The embodiment of the present invention at least has the advantages that

By the control to feed port and grounding ports state, regulate the match circuit that the grounding ports controlled is corresponding with feed port, control wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of the different frequency range antenna communication bandwidth to provide multiband via antenna, save the space that antenna takies at mobile terminal, realize all-metal, ultra-thin, the mobile terminal that structural strength is big, mobile terminal has superior heat conductivility because adopting metal shell, antenna structure is simple and takes up room little it is thus possible to realize the height screen accounting of mobile terminal, also allows for processing and produces.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the hardware architecture diagram of the optional mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the hardware architecture diagram of the optional mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the wireless communication system schematic diagram of mobile terminal as depicted in figs. 1 and 2;

Fig. 4 is the side-looking structural representation of the optional mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the optional mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the schematic flow sheet of the communication means for mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 a-Fig. 7 b is the schematic flow sheet of the mobile communication for mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the schematic flow sheet of the positioning and communicating for mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the schematic flow sheet of the wireless the Internet communications for mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain technical scheme, the protection domain being not intended to limit the present invention.

The mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention is described referring now to accompanying drawing.In follow-up description, use the suffix being used for representing such as " module ", " parts " or " unit " of element only for being conducive to the explanation of the present invention, itself do not have specific meaning.Therefore, " module " and " parts " can mixedly use.

Mobile terminal can be implemented in a variety of manners.Such as, the terminal described in the present invention can include the mobile terminal of such as mobile phone, smart phone, notebook computer, digit broadcasting receiver, PDA (personal digital assistant), PAD (panel computer), PMP (portable media player), guider etc. and the fixed terminal of such as numeral TV, desk computer etc..Hereinafter it is assumed that terminal is mobile terminal.However, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that, except being used in particular for the element of mobile purpose, structure according to the embodiment of the present invention can also apply to the terminal of fixed type.

Fig. 1 is an optional hardware configuration signal of the mobile terminal 100 realizing each embodiment of the present invention, as it is shown in figure 1, mobile terminal 100 can include wireless communication unit 110, interface unit 170, controller 180 and power subsystem 190.Will be discussed in more detail below the element of mobile terminal 100.

Wireless communication unit 110 generally includes multiple assembly, and it allows the radio communication between mobile terminal 100 and wireless communication system or network.Such as, wireless communication unit can include mobile communication module 112, wireless Internet module 113 and positional information module 115.

Mobile communication module 112 sends radio signals at least one in base station (such as, access point, node B etc.), exterior terminal and server and/or receives from it radio signal.Such radio signal can include voice call signal, video calling signal or the various types of data sending according to text and/or Multimedia Message and/or receiving.

Wireless Internet module 113 supports the Wi-Fi (Wireless Internet Access) of mobile terminal 100.This module can internally or externally be couple to mobile terminal 100.Wi-Fi (Wireless Internet Access) technology involved by this module can include WLAN (WLAN) (Wi-Fi), Wibro (WiMAX), Wimax (worldwide interoperability for microwave access), HSDPA (high-speed downlink packet access) etc..

Positional information module 115 is the module of positional information for checking or obtain mobile terminal 100.The typical case of positional information module 115 is GPS (global positioning system) module 115.According to current technology, GPS module 115 calculates from the range information of three or more satellites and correct time information and the Information application triangulation for calculating, thus according to longitude, latitude with highly accurately calculate three-dimensional current location information.Currently, the method for calculating position and temporal information uses three satellites and the error by the position using an other satellite correction to calculate and temporal information.Additionally, GPS module 115 can calculate velocity information by Continuous plus current location information in real time.

Interface unit 170 is used as at least one external device (ED) and is connected, with mobile terminal 100, the interface that can pass through.Such as, external device (ED) can include wired or wireless head-band earphone port, external power source (or battery charger) port, wired or wireless FPDP, memory card port (typical case is general-purpose serial bus USB interface), for connecting the port of the device with identification module, audio frequency input/output (I/O) port, video i/o port, ear port etc..Identification module can be that storage is for verifying that user uses the various information of mobile terminal 100 and can include subscriber identification module (UIM), client identification module (SIM), Universal Subscriber identification module (USIM) etc..It addition, the device (hereinafter referred to " identification device ") with identification module can take the form of smart card, therefore, identify that device can be connected with mobile terminal 100 via port or other connecting device.Interface unit 170 may be used for receiving from the input (such as, data message, electric power etc.) of external device (ED) and the one or more elements being transferred in mobile terminal 100 by the input received or may be used for transmission data between mobile terminal 100 and external device (ED).

Additionally, when mobile terminal 100 is connected with external base, interface unit 170 can serve as and allows to provide the path of mobile terminal 100 or can serve as to allow to be transferred to the path of mobile terminal 100 from the various command signals of base input by it from base electric power by it.The signal identifying whether mobile terminal 100 is accurately fitted within base is may serve as from the various command signals of base input or electric power.Output unit 150 is configured to provide output signal (such as, audio signal, video signal, alarm signal, vibration signal etc.) with vision, audio frequency and/or tactile manner.Output unit 150 can include display unit 151, dio Output Modules 152, alarm unit 153 etc..

Controller 180 generally controls the overall operation of mobile terminal 100.Such as, controller 180 performs the control relevant to voice call, data communication, video calling etc. and process.

Power subsystem 190 receives external power or internal power under the control of controller 180 and provides the suitable electric power operated needed for each element and assembly.

An optional hardware configuration based on the mobile terminal 100 realizing each embodiment of the present invention shown in Fig. 1, actual implement in can also as needed in the basis of the hardware configuration shown in Fig. 1 arranges functional module further, to realize the extension to mobile terminal 100 function.

Based on Fig. 1, Fig. 2 is another optional hardware configuration signal of the mobile terminal 100 realizing each embodiment of the present invention, as in figure 2 it is shown, mobile terminal 100 can include wireless communication unit 110, A/V (audio/video) input block 120, user input unit 130, sensing unit 140, output unit 150, memorizer 160, interface unit 170, controller 180 and power subsystem 190 etc..Fig. 2 illustrates the mobile terminal 100 with various assembly, it should be understood that be not required for implementing all assemblies illustrated.Can alternatively implement more or less of assembly.Will be discussed in more detail below the element of mobile terminal 100.

Wireless communication unit 110 generally includes one or more assembly, and it allows the radio communication between mobile terminal 100 and wireless communication system or network.Such as, wireless communication unit 110 can include broadcast reception module 111, mobile communication module 112, wireless Internet module 113, short range communication module 114 and positional information module 115.

Broadcast reception module 111 manages server via broadcast channel from external broadcasting and receives broadcast singal and/or broadcast related information.Broadcast channel can include satellite channel and/or terrestrial channel.Broadcast management server can be generate and send the server of broadcast singal and/or broadcast related information or broadcast singal that reception is previously created and/or broadcast related information and send it to the server of terminal.Broadcast singal can include TV broadcast singal, radio signals, data broadcasting signal etc..And, broadcast singal may further include the broadcast singal combined with TV or radio signals.Broadcast related information can also provide via mobile communications network, and in this case, broadcast related information can be received by mobile communication module 112.Broadcast singal can exist in a variety of manners, such as, it can exist with the electronic program guides (EPG) of DMB (DMB), the form of the electronic service guidebooks (ESG) etc. of digital video broadcast-handheld (DVB-H).Broadcast reception module 111 can be passed through to use various types of broadcast systems to receive signal broadcast.Especially, broadcast reception module 111 can be passed through to use such as multimedia broadcasting-ground (DMB-T), DMB-satellite (DMB-S), DVB-hand-held (DVB-H), forward link media (MediaFLO) Radio Data System, received terrestrial digital broadcasting integrated service (ISDB-T) etc. digit broadcasting system receive digital broadcasting.Broadcast reception module 111 may be constructed such that the various broadcast systems and above-mentioned digit broadcasting system that are adapted to provide for broadcast singal.The broadcast singal and/or the broadcast related information that receive via broadcast reception module 111 can be stored in memorizer 160 (or other type of storage medium).

Mobile communication module 112, wireless Internet module 113, positional information module 115 illustrate referring to the record of previous embodiment one, repeat no more here.

Short range communication module 114 is the module for supporting junction service.Some examples of short-range communication technology include bluetoothTM, RF identification (RFID), Infrared Data Association (IrDA), ultra broadband (UWB), purple honeybeeTMEtc..

A/V input block 120 is used for receiving audio or video signal.A/V input block 120 can include camera 121 and mike 1220, and the view data of the camera 121 static images to being obtained by image capture apparatus in Video Capture pattern or image capture mode or video processes.Picture frame after process may be displayed on display unit 151.Picture frame after camera 121 processes can be stored in memorizer 160 (or other storage medium) or be transmitted via wireless communication unit 110, it is possible to provide two or more cameras 1210 according to the structure of mobile terminal 100.Such acoustic processing can via microphones sound (voice data) in telephone calling model, logging mode, speech recognition mode etc. operational mode, and can be voice data by mike 122.Audio frequency (voice) data after process can be converted to the form output that can be sent to mobile communication base station via mobile communication module 112 when telephone calling model.Mike 122 can implement various types of noise elimination (or suppression) algorithm to eliminate (or suppression) in the noise received and produce in the process of transmission audio signal or interference.

User input unit 130 can generate key input data to control the various operations of mobile terminal 100 according to the order of user's input.User input unit 130 allows user to input various types of information, and can include keyboard, metal dome, touch pad (such as, detection due to touched and cause resistance, pressure, electric capacity etc. the sensitive component of change), roller, rocking bar etc..Especially, when touch pad is superimposed upon on display unit 151 as a layer, it is possible to form touch screen.

Sensing unit 140 detects the current state of mobile terminal 100, (such as, mobile terminal 100 open or close state), the position of mobile terminal 100, user for mobile terminal 100 contact (namely, touch input) presence or absence, the orientation of mobile terminal 100, mobile terminal 100 acceleration or deceleration move and direction etc., and generate the order of operation for controlling mobile terminal 100 or signal.Such as, when mobile terminal 100 is embodied as sliding-type mobile phone, sensing unit 140 can sense this sliding-type phone and open or close.It addition, sensing unit 140 can detect power subsystem 190 and whether provide whether electric power or interface unit 170 couple with external device (ED).

Interface unit 170 is used as at least one external device (ED) and is connected, with mobile terminal 100, the interface that can pass through.Such as, external device (ED) can include wired or wireless head-band earphone port, external power source (or battery charger) port, wired or wireless FPDP, memory card port, for connecting the port of the device with identification module, audio frequency input/output (I/O) port, video i/o port, ear port etc..Identification module can be that storage is for verifying that user uses the various information of mobile terminal 100 and can include subscriber identification module (UIM), client identification module (SIM), Universal Subscriber identification module (USIM) etc..It addition, the device (hereinafter referred to " identification device ") with identification module can take the form of smart card, therefore, identify that device can be connected with mobile terminal 100 via port or other connecting device.Interface unit 170 may be used for receiving from the input (such as, data message, electric power etc.) of external device (ED) and the one or more elements being transferred in mobile terminal 100 by the input received or may be used for transmission data between mobile terminal 100 and external device (ED).

Additionally, when mobile terminal 100 is connected with external base, interface unit 170 can serve as and allows to provide the path of mobile terminal 100 or can serve as to allow to be transferred to the path of mobile terminal 100 from the various command signals of base input by it from base electric power by it.The signal identifying whether mobile terminal 100 is accurately fitted within base is may serve as from the various command signals of base input or electric power.Output unit 150 is configured to provide output signal (such as, audio signal, video signal, alarm signal, vibration signal etc.) with vision, audio frequency and/or tactile manner.Output unit 150 can include display unit 151, dio Output Modules 152, alarm unit 153 etc..

Display unit 151 may be displayed on the information processed in mobile terminal 100.Such as, when mobile terminal 100 is in telephone calling model, display unit 151 can show the user interface (UI) relevant with call or other communicate (such as, text messaging, multimedia file download etc.) or graphic user interface (GUI).When being in video calling pattern or image capture mode when mobile terminal 100, display unit 151 can show the image of image and/or the reception caught, UI or GUI illustrating video or image and correlation function etc..

Meanwhile, when display unit 151 and touch pad as a layer superposed on one another to form touch screen time, display unit 151 can serve as input equipment and output device.Display unit 151 can include at least one in liquid crystal display (LCD), thin film transistor (TFT) LCD (TFT-LCD), Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display, flexible display, three-dimensional (3D) display etc..Some in these display may be constructed such that transparence is to allow user to watch from outside, and this is properly termed as transparent display, and typical transparent display can be such as TOLED (transparent organic light emitting diode) display etc..According to the specific embodiment wanted, mobile terminal 100 can include two or more display units (or other display device), such as, mobile terminal 100 can include outernal display unit (not shown) and inner display unit (not shown).Touch screen can be used for detecting touch input pressure and touch input position and touch input area.

Dio Output Modules 152 can mobile terminal 100 be in call signal receive under the isotype such as pattern, call mode, logging mode, speech recognition mode, broadcast reception mode time, that wireless communication unit 110 is received or storage in memorizer 160 voice data transducing audio signal and be output as sound.And, dio Output Modules 152 can provide the audio frequency output (such as, call signal receive sound, message sink sound etc.) relevant to the specific function of mobile terminal 100 execution.Dio Output Modules 152 can include speaker, buzzer etc..

Alarm unit 153 can provide output so that event to inform mobile terminal 100.Typical event can include calling reception, message sink, key signals input, touch input etc..Except audio or video exports, alarm unit 153 can provide in a different manner and export the generation with notification event.Such as, alarm unit 153 can provide output with the form of vibration, when receiving calling, message or some other entrance communication (incomingcommunication), alarm unit 153 can provide sense of touch output (that is, vibration) to notify to user.By providing such sense of touch to export, even if when the mobile phone of user is in the pocket of user, user also is able to identify the generation of various event.Alarm unit 153 can also provide the output of the generation of notification event via display unit 151 or dio Output Modules 152.

Memorizer 160 can store the process performed by controller 180 and control software program etc. of operation, or can temporarily store and export the data (such as, telephone directory, message, still image, video etc.) that maybe will export.And, memorizer 160 can store the vibration about the various modes exported when touching and being applied to touch screen and the data of audio signal.

Memorizer 160 can include the storage medium of at least one type, described storage medium includes flash memory, hard disk, multimedia card, card-type memorizer (such as, SD or DX memorizer etc.), random access storage device (RAM), static random-access memory (SRAM), read only memory (ROM), Electrically Erasable Read Only Memory (EEPROM), programmable read only memory (PROM), magnetic storage, disk, CD etc..And, mobile terminal 100 can be connected the network storage device cooperation of the storage function performing memorizer 160 with by network.

Controller 180 generally controls the overall operation of mobile terminal 100.Such as, controller 180 performs the control relevant to voice call, data communication, video calling etc. and process.It addition, controller 180 can include for reproducing or the multi-media module 1810 of multimedia playback data, multi-media module 1810 can construct in controller 180, or it is so structured that separates with controller 180.Controller 180 can perform pattern recognition process, so that the handwriting input performed on the touchscreen or picture drafting input are identified as character or image.

Power subsystem 190 receives external power or internal power under the control of controller 180 and provides the suitable electric power operated needed for each element and assembly.

Various embodiment described herein can to use such as computer software, hardware or its any combination of computer-readable medium to implement.Hardware is implemented, embodiment described herein can pass through to use application-specific IC (ASIC), digital signal processor (DSP), digital signal processing device (DSPD), programmable logic device (PLD), field programmable gate array (FPGA), processor, controller, microcontroller, microprocessor, at least one that is designed to perform in the electronic unit of function described herein to implement, in some cases, such embodiment can be implemented in controller 180.Implementing for software, the embodiment of such as process or function can be implemented with allowing the independent software module performing at least one function or operation.Software code can be implemented by the software application (or program) write with any suitable programming language, and software code can be stored in memorizer 160 and be performed by controller 180.

So far, mobile terminal 100 is described according to its function.Below, for the sake of brevity, by the slide type mobile terminal 100 in the various types of mobile terminals 100 describing such as folded form, board-type, oscillating-type, slide type mobile terminal 100 etc. exemplarily.Therefore, the present invention can be applied to any kind of mobile terminal 100, and is not limited to slide type mobile terminal 100.

Mobile terminal 100 as shown in Figures 1 and 2 may be constructed such that utilization operates via such as wired and wireless communication system and the satellite-based communication system of frame or packet transmission data.

The communication system being wherein operable to according to the mobile terminal 100 of the present invention is described referring now to Fig. 3.

Such communication system can use different air interfaces and/or physical layer.Such as, the air interface used by communication system includes such as frequency division multiple access (FDMA), time division multiple acess (TDMA), CDMA (CDMA) and UMTS (UMTS) (especially, Long Term Evolution (LTE)), global system for mobile communications (GSM) etc..As non-limiting example, as explained below relates to cdma communication system, but such instruction is equally applicable to other type of system.

With reference to Fig. 3, cdma wireless communication system can include multiple mobile terminal 100, multiple base station (BS) 270, base station controller (BSC) 275 and mobile switching centre (MSC) 280.MSC280 is configured to form interface with Public Switched Telephony Network (PSTN) 290.MSC280 is also structured to and the BSC275 formation interface that can be couple to base station 270 via back haul link.Back haul link can construct according to any one in some interfaces that oneself knows, described interface includes such as E1/T1, ATM, IP, PPP, frame relay, HDSL, ADSL or xDSL.It will be appreciated that system as shown in Figure 3 can include multiple BSC2750.

Each BS270 can service one or more subregion (or region), by each subregion of multidirectional antenna or the antenna covering pointing to specific direction radially away from BS270.Or, each subregion can be covered by two or more antennas for diversity reception.Each BS270 may be constructed such that support multiple frequencies distribution, and the distribution of each frequency has specific frequency spectrum (such as, 1.25MHz, 5MHz etc.).

Intersecting that subregion and frequency are distributed can be referred to as CDMA Channel.BS270 can also be referred to as base station transceiver subsystem (BTS) or other equivalent terms.In this case, term " base station " may be used for broadly representing single BSC275 and at least one BS270.Base station can also be referred to as " cellular station ".Or, each subregion of specific BS270 can be referred to as multiple cellular station.

As shown in Figure 3, broadcast singal is sent in system the mobile terminal 100 of operation by broadcsting transmitter (BT) 295.Broadcast reception module 111 as shown in Figure 2 is arranged on mobile terminal 100 and sentences the broadcast singal that reception is sent by BT295.In fig. 3 it is shown that several global positioning systems (GPS) satellite 300.Satellite 300 helps to position at least one in multiple mobile terminals 100.

In figure 3, depict multiple satellite 300, it is understood that be, it is possible to use any number of satellite obtains useful location information.GPS module 115 as shown in Figure 1 is generally configured to coordinate the location information wanted with acquisition with satellite 300.Substitute GPS tracking technique or outside GPS tracking technique, it is possible to use other technology of the position of mobile terminal 100 can be followed the tracks of.It addition, at least one gps satellite 300 can optionally or additionally process satellite dmb transmission.

As a typical operation of wireless communication system, BS270 receives the reverse link signal from various mobile terminals 100.Mobile terminal 100 generally participates in call, information receiving and transmitting communicates with other type of.Each reverse link signal that certain base station 270 receives is processed in specific BS270.The data obtained are forwarded to relevant BSC275.BSC provides call resource distribution and the mobile management function of the coordination of soft switching process included between BS270.The data received also are routed to MSC280 by BSC275, and it provides the extra route service for forming interface with PSTN290.Similarly, PSTN290 and MSC280 forms interface, and MSC and BSC275 forms interface, and BSC275 correspondingly controls BS270 so that forward link signals to be sent to mobile terminal 100.

Based on above-mentioned mobile terminal hardware configuration and communication system, it is proposed to each embodiment of the inventive method.

Embodiment one

The embodiment of the present invention one proposes the mobile terminal 100 of a kind of hardware configuration adopted shown in Fig. 1, the housing of the employing metal material of mobile terminal 100 is (as adopted single metal such as aluminum, or adopt metal alloy such as magnalium), the housing of mobile terminal 100 includes three parts: top shell, central enclosure and bottom shell, in actual enforcement, top shell, central enclosure and bottom shell are respectively provided with rear shell portion and midframe part, for being arranged on the front panel of center, screen formation accommodation space.

Gap is all offered between top shell and central enclosure and between central enclosure and bottom shell, gap can adopt nonmetallic materials (such as filling plastic) so that the antenna space radiation wireless signal (namely electromagnetic wave of alternation) from enclosure interior to hull outside that arranges in the accommodation space of housing, and in inductive spacing the wireless signal of transmission and on antenna, induce the high frequency electric of alternation.

In actual enforcement, on the printed circuit board (PCB) (PCB is positioned at the accommodation space of central enclosure) that controller 180 (including mobile communication module 112, positional information module 113 and wireless Internet module 115) in hardware configuration as shown in Figure 1 and wireless communication unit 110 are arranged in.Corresponding with the hardware configuration of the wireless communication unit 110 shown in Fig. 1, the accommodation space of housing is provided with full frequency band multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO, Multiple-InputMultiple-Output) antenna, gps antenna and WiFi antenna;Wherein mimo antenna carries out MIMO communication for the mobile communication module 112 in wireless communication unit 110, gps antenna receives gps signal for positional information module 113 and mobile terminal 100 is positioned, and WiFi antenna carries out the radio communication of WiFi two-band (2.4GHz and 5GHz) for wireless Internet module 115.

Position is set can the having various ways of mimo antenna, gps antenna and WiFi antenna:

Mode 1) gps antenna, WiFi antenna at the top accommodation space of mobile terminal 100, (top accommodation space here includes following two accommodation space: 1, the accommodation space that top shell is corresponding in the position that arranges arranging position and mimo antenna;2, accommodation space that top shell is corresponding and part adjacent with top shell in accommodation space corresponding to central enclosure) symmetrical.Such as, mimo antenna is arranged at first side (such as left side) of the top accommodation space of housing, gps antenna and WiFi antenna are arranged on second side (such as right side) of the top accommodation space of housing, and top accommodation space first side of housing is symmetrical with the second side of the top accommodation space of housing.

Mode 2) gps antenna, WiFi antenna arrange position and mimo antenna to arrange position symmetrical at the bottom accommodation space of mobile terminal 100, such as, mimo antenna is arranged at the bottom accommodation space of housing, and (bottom accommodation space here includes following two situation: 1, the accommodation space that bottom shell is corresponding;2, part adjacent with bottom shell in accommodation space that bottom shell is corresponding and accommodation space corresponding to central enclosure) the first side (such as left side), gps antenna and WiFi antenna are arranged on second side (such as right side) of the bottom accommodation space of housing, and bottom accommodation space first side of housing is symmetrical with the second side of the bottom accommodation space of housing.

Mode 3) gps antenna, WiFi antenna position and mimo antenna be set the position two end symmetric at mobile terminal 100 are set, such as, mimo antenna is arranged at the top accommodation space of housing, and (top accommodation space here includes following two situation: 1, the accommodation space that top shell is corresponding;2, part adjacent with top shell in accommodation space that top shell is corresponding and accommodation space corresponding to central enclosure) the first side (such as left side), gps antenna and WiFi antenna are arranged on the bottom accommodation space of housing, and (bottom accommodation space here includes following two situation: 1, the accommodation space that bottom shell is corresponding;2, part adjacent with bottom shell in accommodation space that bottom shell is corresponding and accommodation space corresponding to central enclosure) the first side (such as right side), the first side of the top accommodation space of housing is symmetrical with the first side of the bottom accommodation space of housing.

The accommodation space of housing is correspondingly arranged on the grounding ports that the grounding ports corresponding with mimo antenna and the feed port feed port corresponding with gps antenna is corresponding with WiFi antenna;Alternatively, the grounding ports corresponding with WiFi antenna and the grounding ports corresponding with gps antenna it are provided with;The accommodation space of housing is additionally provided with and above-mentioned grounding ports and feed port match circuit one to one;Alternatively, match circuit is arranged on the position corresponding with gap to reduce parasitism.

In the set-up mode of any one antenna above-mentioned, the accommodation space of housing is provided with two grounding ports corresponding with mimo antenna, and two feed port corresponding to mimo antenna, the top accommodation space of its middle shell (at least includes the accommodation space that top shell is corresponding, and the part accommodation space that in the accommodation space of central enclosure, the accommodation space corresponding with top shell is adjacent) in be provided with corresponding with a mimo antenna grounding ports and a feed port, the bottom accommodation space of housing (at least includes the accommodation space that bottom shell is corresponding, and the part accommodation space that in the accommodation space of central enclosure, the accommodation space corresponding with bottom shell is adjacent) in be provided with corresponding with a mimo antenna grounding ports and a feed port;The accommodation space of housing is additionally provided with each feed port match circuit one to one (also referred to as feed end match circuit) with mimo antenna, and with each grounding ports match circuit one to one (also referred to as earth terminal match circuit) of mimo antenna.

The accommodation space of housing is additionally provided with the match circuit that the feed port corresponding with gps antenna is corresponding with the feed port of gps antenna;Alternatively, the accommodation space of housing is additionally provided with the match circuit that the grounding ports corresponding with gps antenna is corresponding with the grounding ports of gps antenna.

The grounding ports of gps antenna and feed port and gps antenna to arrange position relevant.Such as, at aforesaid way 1) in, gps antenna is arranged on the second side of the top accommodation space of housing, then corresponding with the grounding ports of gps antenna match circuit and the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of gps antenna are also correspondingly arranged at the second side of the top accommodation space of housing.Again such as, when at aforesaid way 3) in, gps antenna is arranged on the second side of the bottom accommodation space of housing, then corresponding with the grounding ports of gps antenna match circuit and the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of gps antenna are also correspondingly arranged at the second side of the bottom accommodation space of housing.

The accommodation space of housing is additionally provided with the match circuit that the feed port corresponding with WiFi antenna is corresponding with the feed port of WiFi antenna;Alternatively, the accommodation space of housing is additionally provided with the match circuit that the grounding ports corresponding with WiFi antenna is corresponding with the grounding ports of WiFi antenna.

The grounding ports of WiFi antenna and feed port and WiFi antenna to arrange position relevant.Such as, at aforesaid way 1) in, WiFi antenna is arranged on the second side of the top accommodation space of housing, then corresponding with the grounding ports of WiFi antenna match circuit and the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of WiFi antenna are also correspondingly arranged at the second side of the top accommodation space of housing.Again such as, at aforesaid way 3) in, WiFi antenna is arranged on the second side of the bottom accommodation space of housing, then corresponding with the grounding ports of WiFi antenna match circuit and the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of WiFi antenna are also correspondingly arranged at the second side of the bottom accommodation space of housing.

Controller 180 controls the state of the grounding ports corresponding with different types of antenna and feed port, regulate the match circuit that the grounding ports controlled is corresponding with feed port, controlling each module in wireless communication unit 110 uses corresponding antenna to carry out the communication of different frequency range, and the realization below dissimilar antenna of control communicated illustrates.

1) mobile communication

Control the grounding ports corresponding with mimo antenna and be off (by the conducting of on-off control grounding ports and disconnection), control the feed port corresponding with mimo antenna and be in feed condition, regulate the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of mimo antenna feed port is mated at the input impedance of the first frequency range, make mobile communication module 112 carry out the mobile communication of the first frequency range (such as low-frequency range 696 960MHz) via mimo antenna.

Controller 180, in the conduction state for controlling the grounding ports corresponding with mimo antenna, control the feed port corresponding with mimo antenna and be in feed condition, and feed port is mated by the match circuit regulating the feed port corresponding with mimo antenna corresponding at the input impedance of the second frequency range, grounding ports is mated by the match circuit regulating the grounding ports corresponding with mimo antenna corresponding at the input impedance of the second frequency range, makes mobile communication module 112 carry out the mobile communication of the second frequency range (such as high band 1690 2690MHz) via mimo antenna.

2) GPS framing signal is received

Controller 180 regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of gps antenna and is in feed condition in the feed port of gps signal frequency range (1570 1620MHz), control gps antenna, regulate the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of gps antenna grounding ports is mated at the input impedance of the second frequency range, make positional information module 113 receive gps signal via gps antenna.

When the accommodation space of housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with gps antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of gps antenna, controller 180 also regulates the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of gps antenna and grounding ports is mated at the input impedance of the second frequency range, makes positional information module 113 receive gps signal via gps antenna.

3) wireless the Internet communications

Controller 180 regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of WiFi antenna and feed end is mated and the input impedance of grounding ports is mated by the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of WiFi antenna at the input impedance of WiFi frequency range, makes wireless Internet module 115 carry out the wireless the Internet communications of WiFi frequency range (such as 2.4GHz, 5GHz) via WiFi antenna.

When the accommodation space of housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with WiFi antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of WiFi antenna, controller 180 also regulates the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of WiFi antenna and grounding ports is mated at the input impedance of WiFi frequency range, makes wireless Internet module 115 carry out the wireless the Internet communications of WiFi frequency range (such as 2.4GHz, 5GHz) via WiFi antenna.

Actual implementing, as being provided with the ground strip corresponding with mimo antenna or ground connection decoupling circuit on the drain pan of central enclosure in the accommodation space of housing, the signal being used for realizing mimo antenna and WiFi antenna is isolated;Furthermore it is possible to arranging the decoupling circuit signal isolation to realize between each antenna for above-mentioned feed port (feed port such as the feed port of mimo antenna, the feed point port of gps antenna and WiFi antenna).

Embodiment two

Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 illustrates the internal structure schematic diagram of the mobile terminal 100 adopting the hardware configuration shown in Fig. 1, structure within mobile terminal 100 being illustrated for mobile terminal 100 for mobile phone in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, those skilled in the art the structure according to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 can be implemented on all-metal other mobile terminals 100 such as panel computer etc..

Fig. 4 is the schematic side view of the internal structure of mobile terminal 100, Fig. 5 is the schematic top plan view of the internal structure of mobile terminal 100, full metal jacket is set as realizing mobile terminal 100 and realizes a lightening example, mobile terminal 100 physical dimension is 150mm × 70mm × 5mm, length range is limited to 100mm 160mm, width range is limited to 50mm 85mm, within altitude range is limited to 10mm.nullWherein,In mobile terminal 100, the size (length x width x thickness) of printed circuit board (PCB) (PCB) 1 is 140mm × 70mm × 1mm,PCB1 size can be sized according to being actually needed,Within PCB1 is limited to 15mm from mobile terminal 100 distance from bottom,Within PCB1 is limited to 10mm from mobile terminal 100 distance from top,Within back cover 2 thickness range is limited to 2mm,Within center 3 altitude range is limited to 10mm,Within thickness range is limited to 2mm,Within the gap width scope that the top of mobile terminal 100 and bottom are offered is limited to 3mm,Within the gap 4-1 at top is limited to 20mm from mobile terminal 100 distance from top scope,Within the gap 4-2 of bottom is limited to 20mm from mobile terminal 100 distance from bottom scope,The gap 4-1 at top and the gap 4-2 of bottom can be that symmetry is offered,Can also be asymmetric offering,Offer position to set with real needs.

USB port 5 is arranged on the bottom accommodation space of mobile terminal 100, within distance range bottom USB port 5 and mobile terminal 100 is limited to 2mm, USB port 5 can be centrally located at the accommodation space of bottom shell, it is also possible to any side of accommodation space at bottom shell is arranged.The feed port 6,9 of mimo antenna is correspondingly arranged on feed end match circuit (the broken box mark to be connected) with feed port 6,9, within feed port 6,9 is limited to 40mm from the distance range on the left of mobile terminal 100.The grounding ports 7,10 of mimo antenna connecting valve respectively constitutes switchable grounding ports 7,10;Switch can select the switch of hilted broadsword four-throw, SP3T, single-pole double throw, single-pole single-throw(SPST, diode can also be selected to realize break-make grounding ports 7,10, or the connected Different matching circuit of switching grounding end mouth 7,10 (the broken box mark to be connected with grounding ports 7,10), grounding ports 7,10 can be arranged between switch and the mimo antenna of correspondence, can also be placed between switch and the grounding ports 7,10 of correspondence (as shown in Figure 5)

Within grounding ports 7,10 is limited to 35mm from the distance range on the left of mobile terminal 100.Mimo antenna ground strip 8 is arranged on back cover 2, and ground strip 8 width keeps consistent with gap 4-1, and length is at more than 2mm, and within the left of center, scope is limited to 60mm, mimo antenna ground strip 8 could alternatively be ground connection decoupling circuit.

Gps antenna is arranged on the right side of mobile terminal 100 top accommodation space, same irradiation structure is shared with mimo antenna, the feed port 12 of gps antenna, within on the right side of mobile terminal 100, distance range is limited to 40mm, the feed end match circuit of feed port 12 correspondence is arranged on the right side of mobile terminal 100 top accommodation space;The grounding ports 13 of gps antenna is within the right side of mobile terminal 100, distance range is limited to 35mm, and the match circuit of the grounding ports 13 of gps antenna is arranged on the right side of mobile terminal 100 top accommodation space.

It should be noted that at this grounding ports 13 of gps antenna and corresponding match circuit can also omit setting.

nullWiFi antenna is arranged on the right side of the top accommodation space of mobile terminal 100,The resonance structure independent of mimo antenna and gps antenna is used to realize required communications band,The feed port 14 of WiFi antenna is within the right side of mobile terminal 100, distance range is limited to 40mm,The feed end match circuit of the feed port 14 of WiFi antenna arrange (to be connected broken box mark with feed port 14) in the accommodation space of central enclosure with the adjacent part of top accommodation space,The grounding ports 15 of WiFi antenna is within the right side of mobile terminal 100, distance range is limited to 38mm,The match circuit of the earth terminal of grounding ports 15 correspondence of WiFi antenna (the broken box mark to be connected with the grounding ports 15 of WiFi antenna) is arranged in the accommodation space of central enclosure and the adjacent part of top accommodation space.

At this it should be noted that the grounding ports 15 of WiFi antenna and corresponding match circuit can omit setting.

At this it should be noted that in Fig. 5, mimo antenna is arranged on the right side being arranged on top accommodation space of the left side of top accommodation space, gps antenna and WiFi antenna;In actual enforcement, mimo antenna position and gps antenna and WiFi antenna be set position is set, can be symmetrical in the bottom accommodation space of mobile terminal 100 housing (as mimo antenna is arranged on the left side of bottom accommodation space, gps antenna and WiFi antenna are arranged on the right side of bottom accommodation space), can also symmetrical in the top accommodation space of mobile terminal 100, bottom accommodation space (as mimo antenna be arranged on the left side of top accommodation space, gps antenna and WiFi antenna are arranged on the left side of bottom accommodation space).

Mobile terminal 100 shown in Fig. 5 can provide the communication bandwidth of mimo antenna LTE/WWAN Whole frequency band, adopts Reconfiguration Technologies, utilizes switch switching to realize the covering of low-and high-frequency, the communication bandwidth of gps antenna and the double frequency bandwidth of WiFi antenna 2.4G and 5G.Specific implementation is as follows:

1) when the grounding ports 7,10 of mimo antenna disconnects, during feed port 6,9 feed, controller 180 regulates feed end match circuit, it is possible to achieve the covering of mimo antenna low-frequency range 696 960MH;

2) when the grounding ports 7,10 of mimo antenna turns on, during feed port 6,9 feed, controller 180 regulates feed end match circuit and earth terminal match circuit, it is achieved the covering of mimo antenna high band 1690 2690MHz.

3) when the feed port 12 of gps antenna feeds, during grounding ports 13 ground connection of gps antenna, controller 180 regulates feed end and earth terminal match circuit, it is achieved the frequency range of gps antenna 1570-1620MHz covers.

4) when the feed port 14 of WiFi antenna feeds, during grounding ports 15 ground connection of WiFi antenna, controller 180 regulates feed end and earth terminal match circuit, it is achieved the frequency range of WiFi antenna 2.4GHz and 5GHz covers.

Embodiment three

The present embodiment provides a kind of for having the hardware configuration shown in Fig. 1 or Fig. 2, and there is the communication processing method of the mobile terminal 100 of the full metal jacket of internal structure shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, mobile terminal 100 has (such as single metal material or alloy material) housing of metal material, including top shell, central enclosure and bottom shell, between top shell and central enclosure and between central enclosure and bottom shell, offer gap (gap can adopt nonmetallic materials to fill);The accommodation space of housing is provided with mimo antenna, gps antenna and WiFi antenna, gps antenna and mimo antenna irradiation structure altogether;The accommodation space of housing is correspondingly arranged on the grounding ports corresponding with the mimo antenna feed port corresponding with the mimo antenna feed port corresponding with gps antenna and the feed port corresponding with WiFi antenna;Alternatively, the accommodation space of housing is additionally provided with the grounding ports corresponding with gps antenna and grounding ports corresponding to WiFi antenna;It addition, the accommodation space of housing is provided with and above-mentioned grounding ports match circuit one to one (earth terminal match circuit) and each feed port match circuit one to one (feed end match circuit).

Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the accommodation space of housing also (includes mobile communication module 112 at least provided with controller 180 and wireless communication unit 110, positional information module 113 and wireless Internet module 115) printed circuit board (PCB) (PCB that is arranged in, it is positioned at the accommodation space of central enclosure) on, wherein mimo antenna carries out MIMO communication for the mobile communication module 112 in wireless communication unit 110, gps antenna receives gps signal for positional information module 113 and mobile terminal 100 is positioned, WiFi antenna carries out the radio communication of WiFi two-band (2.4GHz and 5GHz) for wireless Internet module 115.

Being provided with the grounding ports corresponding with gps antenna below in the accommodation space of housing and grounding ports corresponding to WiFi antenna illustrates, referring to Fig. 6, the communication processing method that the present embodiment is recorded comprises the following steps:

Step 101, controller 180 controls the state of grounding ports and feed port, regulates the match circuit that the grounding ports controlled is corresponding with feed port.

Step 102, controller 180 controls wireless communication unit and carries out the communication of different frequency range via antenna.

As the example realizing mobile communication low-frequency range (the first frequency range), referring to Fig. 7 a, comprise the following steps:

Step 201a, controller 180 controls the grounding ports corresponding with mimo antenna and is off, and controls the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and is in feed condition.

Step 202a, controller 180 regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of mimo antenna.

Step 203a, controller 180 controls mobile communication module 112 and carries out the mobile communication of the first frequency range via mimo antenna.

As the example realizing mobile communication high band (the second frequency range), referring to Fig. 7 b, comprise the following steps:

Step 201b, it is in the conduction state that controller 180 controls the grounding ports corresponding with mimo antenna, controls the feed port corresponding with mimo antenna and is in feed condition.

Step 202b, controller 180 regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of mimo antenna, regulates the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of mimo antenna.

Step 203b, controller 180 controls mobile communication module 112 and carries out the mobile communication of the second frequency range via mimo antenna.

As the example positioning communication, referring to Fig. 8, comprise the following steps:

Step 301, controller 180 controls the feed port of gps antenna and is in feed condition.

Step 302, controller 180 regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of gps antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of gps antenna.

Step 303, controller 180 controls positional information module 115 and receives gps signal via gps antenna.

As the example carrying out wireless the Internet communications, referring to Fig. 9, comprise the following steps:

Step 401, controller 180 controls the feed port of WiFi antenna and is in feed condition.

Step 402, controller 180 regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of WiFi antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of WiFi antenna.

Step 403, controller 180 controls the grounding ports of gps antenna and is in ground state, controls wireless Internet module 113 and carries out the communication of WiFi two-band via WiFi antenna.

In sum, the embodiment of the present invention at least has the advantages that

1) under severe radiation environment, it is provided that the Whole frequency band mimo antenna communication bandwidth of eight frequency ranges of LTE/WWAN;

2) layout and the conceptual design of the WiFi antenna of gps antenna and support double frequency are provided;

3) all-metal, ultra-thin, structural strength is big, and heat conductivility is superior, and metal sense of touch is good;

4) being capable of the height screen accounting of mobile terminal, visual experience is good;

5) antenna structure is simple, easy to process, it is simple to processing and production.

The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.All within the spirit and principles in the present invention; any amendment of being made, equivalent replacement, improvement etc.; should be included in one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that within protection scope of the present invention: all or part of step realizing said method embodiment can be completed by the hardware that programmed instruction is relevant; aforesaid program can be stored in a computer read/write memory medium; this program upon execution, performs to include the step of said method embodiment;And aforesaid storage medium includes: movable storage device, random access memory (RAM, RandomAccessMemory), the various media that can store program code such as read only memory (ROM, Read-OnlyMemory), magnetic disc or CD.

Or, if the above-mentioned integrated unit of the present invention realizes using the form of software function module and as independent production marketing or when using, it is also possible to be stored in a computer read/write memory medium.Based on such understanding, the part that correlation technique is contributed by the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention substantially in other words can embody with the form of software product, this computer software product is stored in a storage medium, including some instructions with so that a computer equipment (can be personal computer, server or the network equipment etc.) performs all or part of of method described in each embodiment of the present invention.And aforesaid storage medium includes: the various media that can store program code such as movable storage device, RAM, ROM, magnetic disc or CDs.

The above; being only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any those familiar with the art is in the technical scope that the invention discloses; change can be readily occurred in or replace, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with described scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a mobile terminal, it is characterised in that described mobile terminal includes:
Housing, described housing adopts metal material, including top shell, central enclosure and bottom shell, offers gap between described top shell and described central enclosure and between described central enclosure and described bottom shell;
The accommodation space of described housing is provided with multiple-input, multiple-output mimo antenna, GPS gps antenna and Wireless Fidelity WiFi antenna, described gps antenna and described mimo antenna irradiation structure altogether;
The accommodation space of described housing is correspondingly arranged on the feed port that the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna is corresponding with described mimo antenna, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna;The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the match circuit corresponding with described grounding ports, described feed port;
The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with controller and wireless communication unit;
Described controller, for controlling and the state of described grounding ports and described feed port, regulates the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and controls described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna.
2. mobile terminal according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
The top accommodation space of described housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and feed port, the bottom accommodation space of described housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and feed port;
The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described mimo antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described mimo antenna;
Described wireless communication unit includes mobile communication module;
Described controller, it is additionally operable to control the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna be off, control the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and be in feed condition, and regulate the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described mimo antenna, make described mobile communication module carry out the mobile communication of the first frequency range via described mimo antenna;
Described controller, it is additionally operable to control the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna in the conduction state, control the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and be in feed condition, regulate the match circuit corresponding to grounding ports of match circuit corresponding to the feed port of described mimo antenna, described mimo antenna, making described mobile communication module carry out the mobile communication of the second frequency range via described mimo antenna, described second frequency range is higher than described first frequency range.
3. mobile terminal according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
Described wireless communication unit includes positional information module;
Described controller, the feed port being additionally operable to control described gps antenna is in feed condition, regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described gps antenna, makes described positional information module receive gps signal via described gps antenna.
4. mobile terminal according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
Described wireless communication unit includes wireless Internet module;
Described controller, the feed port being additionally operable to control described WiFi antenna is in feed condition, regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described WiFi antenna, makes described wireless Internet module carry out the communication of WiFi two-band via described WiFi antenna.
5. the mobile terminal according to any one of Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that
Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the second side of the top accommodation space of described housing, and top accommodation space first side of described housing is symmetrical with the second side of the top accommodation space of described housing;Or,
Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the second side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, and bottom accommodation space first side of described housing is symmetrical with the second side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing;Or,
Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, and the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing is symmetrical with the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing.
6. the communication processing method for mobile terminal, it is characterised in that described mobile terminal includes:
Housing, described housing adopts metal material, including top shell, central enclosure and bottom shell, offers gap between described top shell and described central enclosure and between described central enclosure and described bottom shell;
The accommodation space of described housing is provided with multiple-input, multiple-output mimo antenna, GPS gps antenna and Wireless Fidelity WiFi antenna, described gps antenna and described mimo antenna irradiation structure altogether;
The accommodation space of described housing is correspondingly arranged on the feed port that the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna is corresponding with described mimo antenna, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna;The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with the match circuit corresponding with described grounding ports, described feed port;
The accommodation space of described housing is additionally provided with controller and wireless communication unit;
Described method includes:
Described controller controls the state with described grounding ports and described feed port, regulates the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and controls described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna.
7. communication processing method according to claim 6, it is characterised in that
The accommodation space of the top accommodation space of described housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and feed port, the bottom accommodation space of described housing is provided with the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and feed port;
Described wireless communication unit includes mobile communication module;
Described controller controls the state with described grounding ports and described feed port, regulate the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and control described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna, including:
Described controller controls the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna and is off, control the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and be in feed condition, regulate the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described mimo antenna, make described mobile communication module carry out the mobile communication of the first frequency range via described mimo antenna;
It is in the conduction state that described controller controls the grounding ports corresponding with described mimo antenna, control the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and be in feed condition, regulate match circuit corresponding to the feed port corresponding with described mimo antenna and the match circuit corresponding with the grounding ports of described mimo antenna, making described mobile communication module carry out the mobile communication of the second frequency range via described mimo antenna, described second frequency range is higher than described first frequency range.
8. communication processing method according to claim 6, it is characterised in that
Described wireless communication unit includes positional information module;
Described controller controls the state with described grounding ports and described feed port, regulate the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and control described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna, including:
Described controller controls the feed port of described gps antenna and is in feed condition, regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described gps antenna, makes described positional information module receive gps signal via described gps antenna.
9. communication processing method according to claim 6, it is characterised in that
Described wireless communication unit includes wireless Internet module;
Described controller controls the state with described grounding ports and described feed port, regulate the match circuit that the described grounding ports controlled is corresponding with described feed port, and control described wireless communication unit and carry out the communication of different frequency range via described antenna, including:
Described controller controls the feed port of described WiFi antenna and is in feed condition, regulates the match circuit corresponding with the feed port of described WiFi antenna, makes described wireless Internet module carry out the communication of WiFi two-band via described WiFi antenna.
10. the communication processing method according to any one of claim 6 to 9, it is characterised in that
Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the second side of the top accommodation space of described housing, and top accommodation space first side of described housing is symmetrical with the second side of the top accommodation space of described housing;Or,
Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the second side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, and bottom accommodation space first side of described housing is symmetrical with the second side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing;Or,
Described mimo antenna is arranged at the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing, described gps antenna and described WiFi antenna are arranged on the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing, and the first side of the top accommodation space of described housing is symmetrical with the first side of the bottom accommodation space of described housing.
CN201610064337.8A 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Mobile terminal and its communication processing method CN105763214B (en)

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